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Zinc Based Nanostructures For Environmental And Agricultural Applications

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Contaminants in Agriculture and Environment Health Risks and Remediation

Contaminants in Agriculture and Environment  Health Risks and Remediation Book
Author : Vinod Kumar,Rohitashw Kumar,Jogendra Singh,Pankaj Kumar
Publisher : Agro Environ Media, Publication Cell of AESA, Agriculture and Environmental Science Academy,
Release : 2019-06-25
ISBN : 8194201705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book entitled “Contaminants in Agriculture and Environment: Health Risks and Remediation” is focused on the emerging contaminants in agriculture and environment and it will be helpful for the researchers, academicians, scientists, UG and PG students and other stakeholders engaged in the field of agriculture and environmental studies. The contaminants of crops, vegetables, fruits, fishes, grains and pulses and their health effects and impact of pollutants on human/animal health, growth and productivity of agricultural crops.

Nanotechnology for Agriculture

Nanotechnology for Agriculture Book
Author : Deepak G Panpatte,Yogeshvari K Jhala
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-16
ISBN : 9813293705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The emergence of nanotechnology and the development of new nano-devices and nanomaterials open up opportunities for novel applications in agriculture and biotechnology. Nanotechnology has the potential to modernize the agricultural research and practice. Nanotechnology has gained momentum in agriculture sector during last decade, but still there are knowledge gap between scientific communities. This book comprise of holistic coverage about current developments in nanotechnology based sustainable agriculture. It contains sections focusing on each aspect of the implications of nanotechnology in different sectors of agriculture from crop production, soil fertility management, crop improvement etc. It also provides insight into the current trends and future prospects of nanotechnology along with the benefits and risks and their impact on agricultural ecosystems. This book emphasize on use of nanotechnology to reduce agrochemical usage via smart delivery system, increase nutrient use efficiency, improved water and nutrient management, nano-biosensors for management of plant diseases etc. The book provides thorough knowledge for dealing with current challenges of agricultural sector using nanotechnology based agricultural interventions. It will serve as reference literature for scientists, policymakers, students and researchers who are engaged in development of strategies to cope up with challenges of current agricultural systems and society.

Nanobiotechnology Applications in Plant Protection

Nanobiotechnology Applications in Plant Protection Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-04
ISBN : 303013296X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanobiotechnology Applications in Plant Protection: Volume 2 continues the important and timely discussion of nanotechnology applications in plant protection and pathology, filling a gap in the literature for nano applications in crop protection. Nanobiopesticides and nanobioformulations are examined in detail and presented as powerful alternatives for eco-friendly management of plant pathogens and nematodes. Leading scholars discuss the applications of nanobiomaterials as antimicrobials, plant growth enhancers and plant nutrition management, as well as nanodiagnostic tools in phytopathology and magnetic and supramagnetic nanostructure applications for plant protection. This second volume includes exciting new content on the roles of biologically synthesized nanoparticles in seed germination and zinc-based nanostructures in protecting against toxigenic fungi. Also included is new research in phytotoxicity, nano-scale fertilizers and nanomaterial applications in nematology and discussions on Botyris grey mold and nanobiocontrol. This book also explores the potential effects on the environment, ecosystems and consumers and addresses the implications of intellectual property for nanobiopesticides. Further discussed are nanotoxicity effects on the plant ecosystem and nano-applications for the detection, degradation and removal of pesticides.

Environmental Nanotechnology

Environmental Nanotechnology Book
Author : Nandita Dasgupta,Shivendu Ranjan,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-18
ISBN : 3030266729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third volume on environmental nanotechnology includes chapters dealing with topics such nanoremediation, waste water purification, nanosensors, nanomedicine, and nanofiltration. It also highlights the safety aspects and risk assessment and management related to several toxins, as well as nanotechnology related solutions for these challenges. The book also discusses new nanomaterials from the nexus of environment, water, remediation and total environment.

Nanotechnology for Energy and Environmental Engineering

Nanotechnology for Energy and Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Lalita Ledwani,Jitendra S. Sangwai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-12
ISBN : 303033774X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the potential applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology to promote eco-friendly processes and techniques for energy and environment sustainability. Covering various aspects of both the synthesis and applications of nanoparticles and nanofluids for energy and environmental engineering, its goal is to promote eco-friendly processes and techniques. Accordingly, the book elaborates on the development of reliable, economical, eco-friendly processes through advanced nanoscience and technological research and innovations. Gathering contributions by researchers actively engaged in various domains of nanoscience and technology, it addresses topics such as nanoparticle synthesis (both top-down and bottom-up approaches); applications of nanomaterials, nanosensors and plasma discharge in pollution control; environmental monitoring; agriculture; energy recovery; production enhancement; energy conservation and storage; surface modification of materials for energy storage; fuel cells; pollution mitigation; and CO2 capture and sequestration. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to academics and researchers whose work involves nanotechnology or nanomaterials, especially as applied to energy and/or environmental sustainability engineering. Graduate students in the same areas will also find it a valuable resource.

Agricultural Nanobiotechnology

Agricultural Nanobiotechnology Book
Author : Fernando López-Valdez,Fabián Fernández-Luqueño
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 3319967193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanobiotechnology in agriculture is a new knowledge area that offers novel possibilities to achieve high productivity levels at manageable costs during the production and merchandising of crops. This book shows us how we can use the cutting-edge knowledge about agriculture, nanotechnology, and biotechnology to increase the agricultural productivity and shape a sustainable future in order to increase the social welfare in rural areas and preserve the environmental health. Specialists from several countries will provide their feedback on a range of relevant topics such as environment-friendly use of nanofertilisers, nanodevices, nano-food packaging, nanocoating and nanocarriers and their relationship with the modern agriculture.

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology Book
Author : Ram Prasad,Manoj Kumar,Vivek Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-14
ISBN : 9811045739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the implications of nanotechnology and the effects of nanoparticles on agricultural systems, their interactions with plants as well as their potential applications as fertilizers and pesticides. It also discusses how innovative, eco-friendly approaches to improve food and agricultural systems lead to increased plant productivity. Further, it offers insights into the current trends and future prospects of nanotechnology along with the benefits and risks and their impact on agricultural ecosystems. Nanomaterials in agriculture reduce the amount of chemical products sprayed by means of smart delivery of active ingredients; minimize nutrient losses in fertilization; and increase yields through optimized water and nutrient management. There is also huge potential for nanotechnology in the provision of state-of-the-art solutions for various challenges faced by agriculture and society, both today and in the future.

Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology

Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology Book
Author : Byong H. Lee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-12-01
ISBN : 1118384911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food biotechnology is the application of modern biotechnologicaltechniques to the manufacture and processing of food, for examplethrough fermentation of food (which is the oldest biotechnologicalprocess) and food additives, as well as plant and animal cellcultures. New developments in fermentation and enzyme technologicalprocesses, molecular thermodynamics, genetic engineering, proteinengineering, metabolic engineering, bioengineering, and processesinvolving monoclonal antibodies, nanobiotechnology and quorumsensing have introduced exciting new dimensions to foodbiotechnology, a burgeoning field that transcends many scientificdisciplines. Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology, 2nd edition is basedon the author’s 25 years of experience teaching on a foodbiotechnology course at McGill University in Canada. The book willappeal to professional food scientists as well as graduate andadvanced undergraduate students by addressing the latest excitingfood biotechnology research in areas such as genetically modifiedfoods (GMOs), bioenergy, bioplastics, functionalfoods/nutraceuticals, nanobiotechnology, quorum sensing andquenching. In addition, cloning techniques for bacterial and yeastenzymes are included in a “New Trends and Tools”section and selected references, questions and answers appear atthe end of each chapter. This new edition has been comprehensively rewritten andrestructured to reflect the new technologies, products and trendsthat have emerged since the original book. Many new aspectshighlight the short and longer term commercial potential of foodbiotechnology.

Science in Society 56

Science in Society 56 Book
Author : Dr. Mae-Wan Ho,Prof. Peter Saunders,Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji
Publisher : Institute of Science in Soc
Release : 2012-11-14
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this issue: From the Editors - GM Cancer Warning Can no Longer Be Ignored Freeing the World from GMOsExcess Cancers & Deaths from GM Feed: Stats Stand UpStudy Confirms GM Crops Increased Pesticide Use Synthetic Biology Good & BadSynthetic Biology Should We Be Afraid?Aptamers for Biosensing, Diagnosis, Drug Delivery and TherapyMass Genome Engineering Contaminated VaccinesDNA Contamination in HPV Vaccines Letters to the Editor Institute of Science in Society Special ReportWhy Glyphosate Should Be Banned News in Brief Technology WatchNanoparticles Bioaccumulate & Harm Soybean CropsPhotosynthetic Bacterium Converts CO2 into Petrochemical & O2 Save Our WaterWorld Water Supply in JeopardyPharmaceutical Cocktails Anyone? No NuclearFukushima Mutant Butterflies Confirm Harm from Low-Dose Radiation

Nanoscience and Plant Soil Systems

Nanoscience and Plant   Soil Systems Book
Author : Mansour Ghorbanpour,Khanuja Manika,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-14
ISBN : 3319468359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides in-depth reviews of the effects of nanoparticles on the soil environment, their interactions with plants and also their potential applications as nanofertilizers and pesticides. It offers insights into the current trends and future prospects of nanotechnology, including the benefits and risks and the impact on agriculture and soil ecosystems. Individual chapters explore topics such as nanoparticle biosynthesis, engineered nanomaterials, the use of nanoclays for remediation of polluted sites, nanomaterials in water desalination, their effect on seed germination, plant growth, and nutrient transformations in soil, as well as the use of earthworms as bioremediating agents for nanoparticles. It is a valuable resource for researchers in academia and industry working in the field of agriculture, crop protection, plant sciences, applied microbiology, soil biology and environmental sciences.

Nanotoxicity

Nanotoxicity Book
Author : Saura C. Sahu,Daniel A. Casciano
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-08-04
ISBN : 047074779X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials - substances smaller than 100 nanometers in size - have been added in recent years to an increasing numbers of consumer products used in day-to-day life; in food packaging, medical devices, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, odor-resistant textiles and household appliances. The extensive application of nanomaterials in a wide range of products for human use poses a potential for toxicity risk to human health and the environment. Such adverse effects of nanomaterials on human health have triggered the development of a new scientific discipline known as “nanotoxicity” – the study of the toxicity of nanomaterials. Nanotoxicity: From in vivo and in vitro Models to Health Risks provides up-to-date state-of-the-art information presented by recognized experts in this emerging new field in toxicology. It discusses the safety evaluation of nanomaterials in foods, drugs, medical devices, cosmetics and other regulated products and its use in risk analysis for potential regulatory use. Topics covered include: biomarkers for nanotoxicity assessment nanotoxicity assessment by gene expression analysis in vivo and in vitro models for nanotoxicity testing mechanisms of nanotoxicity pharmakokinetics of nanomaterials nanotoxicity of foods including food processing, food packaging and food safety nanotoxicity of drugs including drug development and drug delivery nanotoxicity of cosmetics and consumer products health and environmental impact of nanotoxicity safety evaluation of nanomaterials regulatory impact of nanomaterials Nanotoxicity: From in vivo and in vitro Models to Health Risks is a valuable authoritative source of information for readers from a wide range of disciplines such as toxicology, pharmacology, drug toxicity and food and environmental sciences. The book will be useful to the research community in academia, industry, hospitals and government, as well as to government regulators and risk assessors of foods, drugs and environmental and agricultural products.

Nanotechnology and Plant Sciences

Nanotechnology and Plant Sciences Book
Author : Manzer H. Siddiqui,Mohamed H. Al-Whaibi,Firoz Mohammad
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-27
ISBN : 3319145029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a holistic view of the complex and dynamic responses of plants to nanoparticles, the signal transduction mechanisms involved, and the regulation of gene expression. Further, it addresses the phytosynthesis of nanoparticles, the role of nanoparticles in the antioxidant systems of plants and agriculture, the beneficial and harmful effects of nanoparticles on plants, and the application of nanoparticles and nanotubes to mass spectrometry, aiming ultimately at an analysis of the metabolomics of plants. The growing numbers of inventions in the field of nanotechnology are producing novel applications in the fields of biotechnology and agriculture. Nanoparticles have received much attention because of the unique physico-chemical properties of these compounds. In the life sciences, nanoparticles are used as “smart” delivery systems, prompting the Nobel Prize winner P. Ehrlich to refer to these compounds as “magic bullets.” Nanoparticles also play an important role in agriculture as compound fertilizers and nano-pesticides, acting as chemical delivery agents that target molecules to specific cellular organelles in plants. The influence of nanoparticles on plant growth and development, however, remains to be investigated. Lastly, this book reveals the research gaps that must be bridged in the years to come in order to achieve larger goals concerning the applications of nanotechnology in the plants sciences. In the 21st century, nanotechnology has become a rapidly emerging branch of science. In the world of physical sciences, nanotechnological tools have been exploited for a broad range of applications. In recent years, nanoparticles have also proven useful in several branches of the life sciences. In particular, nanotechnology has been employed in drug delivery and related applications in medicine.

Nanomaterials and Plant Potential

Nanomaterials and Plant Potential Book
Author : Azamal Husen,Muhammad Iqbal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-01
ISBN : 3030055698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the latest developments in plant-mediated fabrication of metal and metal-oxide nanoparticles, and their characterization by using a variety of modern techniques. It explores in detail the application of nanoparticles in drug delivery, cancer treatment, catalysis, and as antimicrobial agent, antioxidant and the promoter of plant production and protection. Application of these nanoparticles in plant systems has started only recently and information is still scanty about their possible effects on plant growth and development. Accumulation and translocation of nanoparticles in plants, and the consequent growth response and stress modulation are not well understood. Plants exposed to these particles exhibit both positive and negative effects, depending on the concentration, size, and shape of the nanoparticles. The impact on plant growth and yield is often positive at lower concentrations and negative at higher ones. Exposure to some nanoparticles may improve the free-radical scavenging potential and antioxidant enzymatic activities in plants and alter the micro-RNAs expression that regulate the different morphological, physiological and metabolic processes in plant system, leading to improved plant growth and yields. The nanoparticles also carry out genetic reforms by efficient transfer of DNA or complete plastid genome into the respective plant genome due to their miniscule size and improved site-specific penetration. Moreover, controlled application of nanomaterials in the form of nanofertilizer offers a more synchronized nutrient fluidity with the uptake by the plant exposed, ensuring an increased nutrient availability. This book addresses these issues and many more. It covers fabrication of different/specific nanomaterials and their wide-range application in agriculture sector, encompassing the controlled release of nutrients, nutrient-use efficiency, genetic exchange, production of secondary metabolites, defense mechanisms, and the growth and productivity of plants exposed to different manufactured nanomaterials. The role of nanofertilizers and nano-biosensors for improving plant production and protection and the possible toxicities caused by certain nanomaterials, the aspects that are little explored by now, have also been generously elucidated.

Aquananotechnology

Aquananotechnology Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Muhammad Zahid
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-15
ISBN : 9780128211410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Improvements in water quality have resulted in remarkable advances in public health. However, there is more to do. Many parts of the world lack appropriate and effective water quality technology. Estimates vary but the waterborne disease still causes at least 700,000 deaths per year. There are clearly many aspects to the broad problems of water quality and many technology and policy components to the effort to ensure the sustainability of water for human use. Aquananotechnology: Applications, Prospects and Constraints focuses on the impacts of and opportunities for the application of nanotechnology to enhance water quality, and the societal concerns about the widespread use of nanotechnology in the water arena. The book focuses on the application of nanotechnology in water technology. This includes the employed of nano-sensors for detection of water pollutants, and the control of waterborne pathogens, and the use of nano-biochar coal fly composites for phytoremdtions wastewater pollutants. In addition, the book explores the uses of nanoadsorbents for heavy metals, dyes, Arsenic, pesticides, and water/wastewater remediation and decontamination of water from xenobiotics. bionanocomposites, metal oxides, silver, zinc nanoparticles, and carbon-based nanomaterials for wastewater treatment. Use of zerovalent iron nanomaterials, nanostructured mesoporous silica for water purification is also covered, along with nano-hydrogels to increase water efficiency and conservation. Finally, socio-economic impacts and risks of aquananotechnology in ecosystems are discussed. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological applications of nanomaterials in aquatic environments, offering a cogent analysis of both major applications and challenges. Shows how a range of nanomaterial types are being used for ecological applications in aquatic environments Explores the effects different types of nanomaterials have for a variety of ecosystems Assesses the major challenges of using nanotechnology to improve water quality on a mass scale

Environmental Biotechnology and Materials Engineering

Environmental Biotechnology and Materials Engineering Book
Author : Yan Guo Shi,Jin Long Zuo
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2011-01-20
ISBN : 3038135747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This collection of peer-reviewed papers provided a forum within which researchers, educators, engineers and government officials - involved in the general areas of Environmental Biotechnology and Materials Engineering - could disseminate their latest research results and exchange views on possible future research directions. The 473 most outstanding papers were carefully selected from among the total of 783 submitted works and are presented in this special collection, which covers a wide range of issues related to the state-of-the-art of the progress, made in environmental biotechnology and materials engineering, with regard to the understanding and optimization of various types of treatment process.

Advances in Environmental Science and Engineering

Advances in Environmental Science and Engineering Book
Author : Reza Iranpour,Ji Zhao,Ai Jie Wang,Feng Lin Yang,Xin Yong Li
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-05-14
ISBN : 3038138312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present volumes contain selected papers in the fields of Environmental Chemistry and Biology; Environmental Materials; Environmental Safety and Health; Environmental Planning and Assessment; Environmental Analysis and Monitoring; Environmental Engineering; Pollution Control Projects (Air, Water, Solid); Waste Disposal and Recycling; Water Supply and Drainage Engineering; Sound, Noise and Vibration Control; Clean Production Processes; Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering; Architectural Environment & Equipment Engineering; Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Control; Environmental Protection; Cultivation and Conservation of Forest; Plant Protection and Biotechnology; Geographic Information and Remote Sensing Science; Land Resources Environment and Urban Planning. This up-to-date, comprehensive and worldwide state-of-the art knowledge will be of great value to anyone working in these fields.

Multi Functional Nanomaterials and their Emerging Applications

Multi Functional Nanomaterials and their Emerging Applications Book
Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Nay Ming Huang,R. Jothilakshmi
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-03-24
ISBN : 3038264482
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). The multi-functional properties of nanomaterials offer a wide range of opportunities for addressing several research and development challenges in the area of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Multi-functional nanomaterials find wide application in a variety of sectors including agriculture, medicine, telecommunications, disaster management and environmental conservation.The focus of this special topic volume is on multifunctional nanomaterial development and their emerging applications towards commercialization. This special topic illustrates a new pathway to achieve novel practical applications using nanomaterials. This special topic can be utilized as a text for researchers as well as graduate students who are interested in nanomaterials based applications. This special topic volume is multidisciplinary by nature. The readers can acquire the necessary knowledge in physics, chemistry and biology related to these multifunctional applications which are associated with the emerging nanomaterials.

Green Metal Nanoparticles

Green Metal Nanoparticles Book
Author : Suvardhan Kanchi,Shakeel Ahmed
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-06
ISBN : 1119418232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of biological sources such as microbes and plants can help in synthesizing nanoparticles in a reliable and eco-friendly way. The synthesis of nanoparticles by these natural sources is characterized by processes that take place near to ambient temperature and pressures and also near neutral pH. This edited volume authored by subject specialists, provides all the latest research and builds a database of bioreduction agents to various metal nanoparticles using different precursor systems. The book also highlights the different strategies such as simplicity, cost-effectiveness, environment-friendly and easily scalable, and includes parameters for controlling the size and shape of the materials developed from the various greener methods. In order to exploit the utmost potential metal nanoparticles synthesis from the different sources such as agricultural waste, flora and fauna, food waste, microbes and biopolymer systems, it is also crucial to recognize the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of production of nanoparticles and their characterization.