Skip to main content

Zinc Based Nanostructures For Environmental And Agricultural Applications

In Order to Read Online or Download Zinc Based Nanostructures For Environmental And Agricultural Applications Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Zinc Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications

Zinc Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-22
ISBN : 0128236566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Zinc-Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications shows how zinc nanostructures are being used in agriculture, food and the environment. The book has been divided into two parts: Part I deals with the synthesis and characterization of zinc-based nanostructures such as biogenic, plant, microbial, and actinobacteria mediated synthesis of zinc nanoparticles, Part II is focused on agri-food applications such as antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial, plant disease management, controlling post-harvest diseases, pesticide sensing and degradations, plant promotions, ZnO nanostructure for food packaging application, safe animal food and feed supplement, elimination of mycotoxins, and veterinary applications. Part III reviews technological developments in environmental applications such as risks and benefits for aquatic organisms and the marine environment, antiseptic activity and toxicity mechanisms, wastewater treatment, and zinc oxide-based nanomaterials for photocatalytic degradation of environmental and agricultural pollutants. The book discusses various aspects, including the application of zinc-based nanostructures to enhance plant health and growth, the effect on soil microbial activity, antimicrobial mechanism, phytotoxicity and accumulation in plants, the possible impact of zinc-based nanostructures in the agricultural sector as nanofertilizer, enhancing crop productivity, and other possible antimicrobial mechanisms of ZnO nanomaterials. Explores the impact of a large variety of zinc-based nanostructures on agri-food and environment sectors Outlines how the properties of zinc-based nanostructures mean they are particularly efficient in environmental and agricultural application areas Assesses the major challenges of synthesizing and processing zinc-based nanostructured materials

Nanomaterial Supported Enzymes

Nanomaterial Supported Enzymes Book
Author : Inamuddin,Tariq Altalhi,Jorddy N. Cruz,Mohammad Luqman
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2022-07-05
ISBN : 164490196X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The book presents recent advances in the field of nanoenzymes and the immobilization of enzymes in nanomaterials. Applications include disease diagnosis, environmental clean-up, biosensor manufacturing, drug delivery and vaccine production. Keywords: Nanoenzymes, Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles, Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, Activated Carbon, Enzyme Immobilization, Catalytic Activity, Leaching of the Enzyme, Enzyme Mimicking, Biosensors, Biosensing Mechanisms, Therapeutic Applications, Vассine Prоduсtiоn аnd Immunizаtiоn. Drug Delivery, Delivery of Vaccine Antigens, Antigen Resistance, Immunogenicity, Disease Diagnosis.

The Role of Nanoparticles in Plant Nutrition under Soil Pollution

The Role of Nanoparticles in Plant Nutrition under Soil Pollution Book
Author : Vishnu D. Rajput,Krishan K. Verma,Neetu Sharma,Tatiana Minkina
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-01
ISBN : 3030973891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Nanotechnology has shown great potential in all spheres of life. With the increasing pressure to meet the food demands of rapidly increasing population, thus, novel innovation and research are required in agriculture. The principles of nanotechnology can be implemented to meet the challenges faced by agricultural demands. Major challenges include the loss of nutrients in the soil and nutrient-deficient plants, which result in a lower crop yield and quality. Subsequently, consumption of such crops leads to malnourishment in humans, especially in underprivileged and rural populations. One convenient approach to tackle nutrient deficiency in plants is via the use of fertilizers; however, this method suffers from lower uptake efficiency in plants. Another approach to combat nutrient deficiency in humans is via the use of supplements and diet modifications; however, these approaches are less affordably viable in economically challenged communities and in rural areas. Therefore, the use of nano-fertilizers to combat this problem holds the greatest potential. Additionally, nanotechnology can be used to meet other challenges in agriculture including enhancing crop yield, protection from insect pests and animals, and by use of nano-pesticides and nano-biosensors to carry out the remediation of polluted soils. The future use of nanomaterials in soil ecosystems will be influenced by their capability to interact with soil constituents and the route of nanoparticles into the environment includes both natural and anthropogenic sources. The last decade has provided increasing research on the impact and use of nanoparticles in plants, animals, microbes, and soils, and yet these studies often lacked data involving the impact of nanoparticles on biotic and abiotic stress factors. This book provides significant recent research on the use of nano-fertilizers, which can have a major impact on components of an ecosystem. This work should provide a basis to further study these potential key areas in order to achieve sustainable and safe application of nanoparticles in agriculture.

Toxicity of Nanoparticles in Plants

Toxicity of Nanoparticles in Plants Book
Author : Vishnu D. Rajput,Tatiana Minkina,Svetlana Sushkova,Saglara S. Mandzhieva,Christopher Rensing
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-04-29
ISBN : 032390775X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Toxicity of Nanoparticles in Plants: An Evaluation of Cyto/Morpho-physiological, Biochemical and Molecular Responses, Volume Five in the Nanomaterial-Plant Interactions series, reviews the latest research on toxicological effects of using nanotechnology in plants. Key themes include analyzing plant exposure to nanomaterials, mechanisms of toxicity of nanoparticles to plants, and effects, uptake and translocation of various different nanoparticles. This will be an essential read for any scientist or researcher looking to assess and understand the potential toxicological risks associated with plant nanotechnology. To date, nanotechnology is considered one of the most promising areas of research due to the widespread applications of nanomaterials in plant science and agriculture. However, extensive use of nano-based products raises concerns regarding their toxicity in crop plants, their environmental impact and potential consequences to humans via the food chain. Discusses environmental concerns raised by the extensive use of nanotechnology Highlights the impact of plants treated with nanoparticles on nutritional status Reviews major challenges for assessing the toxicity of nanomaterials in plants

Magnetic Nanostructures

Magnetic Nanostructures Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Mohamed A. Mohamed,Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-23
ISBN : 303016439X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Recently, magnetic nanostructures have gained a remarkable interest for basic research and applied studies. Because of their low cost and ease of manufacture and modification, they have great potential for agricultural and environmental applications. The use of magnetic nanostructures has been proven in a wide range of fields including catalysis, biotechnology, biomedicine, magnetic resonance imaging, agriculture, biosensors, and removal of environmental pollutants, among others. This book includes 16 chapters of collected knowledge, discoveries, and applications in agriculture, soil remediation, and water treatment. It describes the role of nano-agriculture with regard to food security and discusses environmental and agricultural protection concerns. It further offers potential applications of magnetic nanomaterials in the agriculture and food sectors, such as the development of sensors, environment monitoring for wastewater treatment and the remediation of contaminated soils. Increasing crop yield through the use of nanopesticides or nanofertilizers and biosecurity using sensors for detecting pathogens along the entire food chain are discussed as well. This book also brings together various sources of expertise on different aspects magnetic nanostructure application in the agri-food sector and environment remediation. Magnetic nanostructures also have great potential in biotechnological processes, as they can be utilized as a carrier for enzymes during different biocatalytic transformations. Novel magnetic nanomaterials can be used for detection and separation of pesticides from environmental and biological samples. The excellent adsorption capacity of the modified magnetic nanoadsorbents together with other advantages such as reusability, easy separation, environmentally friendly composition, and freedom of interferences of alkaline earth metal ions make them suitable adsorbents for removal of heavy metal ions from environmental and industrial wastes. One of the most important environmental applications of magnetic nanostructures has been in the treatment of water, whether in the remediation of groundwater or through the magnetic separation and/or sensing of contaminants present in various aqueous systems. The integrated combination of these 16 chapters, written by experts with considerable experience in their area of research, provides a comprehensive overview on the synthesis, characterization, application, environmental processing, and agriculture of engineered magnetic nanostructures. Its comprehensive coverage discusses how nanostructure materials interact in plants as well as their potential and useful applications.

Contaminants in Agriculture and Environment Health Risks and Remediation

Contaminants in Agriculture and Environment  Health Risks and Remediation Book
Author : Vinod Kumar,Rohitashw Kumar,Jogendra Singh,Pankaj Kumar
Publisher : Agro Environ Media, Publication Cell of AESA, Agriculture and Environmental Science Academy,
Release : 2019-06-25
ISBN : 8194201705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The book entitled “Contaminants in Agriculture and Environment: Health Risks and Remediation” is focused on the emerging contaminants in agriculture and environment and it will be helpful for the researchers, academicians, scientists, UG and PG students and other stakeholders engaged in the field of agriculture and environmental studies. The contaminants of crops, vegetables, fruits, fishes, grains and pulses and their health effects and impact of pollutants on human/animal health, growth and productivity of agricultural crops.

Nanomaterials Synthesis Characterization Hazards and Safety

Nanomaterials  Synthesis  Characterization  Hazards and Safety Book
Author : Muhammad Bilal Tahir,Muhammad Sagir,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-16
ISBN : 0128238372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, Hazards and Safety explains the fundamental properties of nanomaterials, covering their types and classifications. The book includes methods of preparation and characterization of nanostructured materials. It explains the principles and fundamentals of nanomaterials, with information on both pure and composite-based materials with e nanostructures, outlines the latest developments and advances in nanomaterials, and highlights toxic effects and protection. This book is designed to appeal to a wide readership of academic and industrial researchers, focusing on nanotechnology and nanomaterials, sustainable chemistry, energy conversion and storage, nanotechnology, chemical engineering, environmental protection, optoelectronics, sensors, and surface and interface science. Provides information on major concepts and advances made in the areas of nanomaterials properties and nano safety Identifies the major physiochemical properties of nanomaterials Explores the toxicity of different class of nanomaterials and how they can be used safely

Nano Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity

Nano Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity Book
Author : Javid A. Parray,Mohammad Yaseen Mir,Nowsheen Shameem
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 1119714869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Provides detailed information about the use of nanotechnology in remediating waste and pollution in agriculture Nano-Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity explores sustainable, eco-friendly technologies for remediating wastes and contaminated areas in both water and land ecosystems. Focusing on nano-technological innovations that use microbes and microbial agents to improve the quality and pollutant discharge of contaminated sites, this comprehensive volume also discusses molecular approaches for the characterization of nanoparticles, the biosynthetic pathways of microbes, gene and protein expression studies for bio-deterioration techniques, and more. Organized into nine chapters, the book opens with a thorough overview of the functions, classification, properties, synthesis, and applications of nanoparticles. Following a discussion of the environmental and agricultural implications of nanotechnology, the authors examine the current role and future prospects of nanotechnology in managing plant diseases, improving agri-food production, and increasing agricultural productivity. Subsequent chapters cover lignin nanoparticles, various applications of nanotechnology in agriculture, and nano-based advances in plant and microbial science. Offering an up-to-date account of the role of nanotechnologies in agricultural bioremediation, this book: Explores biotechnological advances in the development of sophisticated green technologies for waste minimization and waste control Emphasizes the use of microbes for degradation and removal of various xenobiotic substances Discusses bioremediation approaches in relation to the impact of increased urbanization and industrialization on the environment Covers a variety of applications of nanotechnology in agriculture, including nano-fertilizers, nano-biosensors, nano-pesticides, and nanoparticle protection in plants Nano-Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity is a valuable resource for students in plant biotechnology and agricultural science and engineering, as well as an important reference for researchers in plant biotechnology and agricultural sciences, particularly those with interest in the use of nanomaterials for pollution remediation and sustainable development.

Copper Nanostructures Next Generation of Agrochemicals for Sustainable Agroecosystems

Copper Nanostructures  Next Generation of Agrochemicals for Sustainable Agroecosystems Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-13
ISBN : 0128241942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Copper Nanostructures: Next-Generation of Agrochemicals for Sustainable Agroecosystems considers the impact of copper-based nanostructures on agri-food sectors. Sections highlight the green synthesis of copper nanoparticles, production mechanisms, eco-safety, and future perspectives, discuss the increasing importance of copper nanomaterials in plant protection applications, describe the use of copper nanostructures in plant science applications, cover antimicrobial applications, explore copper nanostructure applications, and summarize current applications in agroecosystems, such as copper nanoparticles as nanosensors, their negative ecological effects, estimation risks, and more. Assesses the impact of a large variety of copper-based nanostructures on the agri-food sector Discusses how the properties of a variety of copper-based nanomaterials make them effective for agricultural applications Explains the challenges surrounding the mass production of copper-based nanomaterials

Nano enabled Agrochemicals in Agriculture

Nano enabled Agrochemicals in Agriculture Book
Author : Mansour Ghorbanpour,Muhammad Adnan Shahid
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-03-12
ISBN : 0323910106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Nano-enabled Agrochemicals in Agriculture presents a targeted overview of the safe implementation of nanotechnologies within horticultural and agricultural settings with the purpose of achieving enhanced production while maintaining ecological integrity. The growing global request for agricultural crops/products requires high standards of quality and safety, which has stimulated the search for new technologies that preserve their quality and delay their decomposition. It includes sections on the use of nano-chemicals in insect pest management, as nano-fungicides, nano-herbicides, micro-nutrient supply, and nano-sensors to monitor crop/soil health conditions. This book will be of interest to a wide range of plant scientists who have concerns about nanomaterial interactions with terrestrial and aquatic plants. Focuses on emerging important topics related to nanotechnology and nanomaterials on agricultural systems Emphasizes new applications of nanomaterials in the agricultural sciences, from fertilizers to irrigation systems Addresses concerns about nanomaterial interactions with terrestrial and aquatic plants

Advanced Materials for Agriculture Food and Environmental Safety

Advanced Materials for Agriculture  Food  and Environmental Safety Book
Author : Ashutosh Tiwari,Mikael Syväjärvi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-08-11
ISBN : 1118773888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The book focuses on the role of advanced materials in the food, water and environmental applications. The monitoring of harmful organisms and toxicants in water, food and beverages is mainly discussed in the respective chapters. The senior contributors write on the following topics: Layered double hydroxides and environment Corrosion resistance of aluminium alloys of silanes New generation material for the removal of arsenic from water Prediction and optimization of heavy clay products quality Enhancement of physical and mechanical properties of fiber Environment friendly acrylates latices Nanoparticles for trace analysis of toxins Recent development on gold nanomaterial as catalyst Nanosized metal oxide based adsorbents for heavy metal removal Phytosynthesized transition metal nanoparticles- novel functional agents for textiles Kinetics and equilibrium modeling Magnetic nanoparticles for heavy metal removal Potential applications of nanoparticles as antipathogens Gas barrier properties of biopolymer based nanocomposites: Application in food packing Application of zero-valent iron nanoparticles for environmental clean up Environmental application of novel TiO2 nanoparticles

Nanotechnology Based Sustainable Alternatives for the Management of Plant Diseases

Nanotechnology Based Sustainable Alternatives for the Management of Plant Diseases Book
Author : Giorgio Mariano Balestra,Elena Fortunati
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-23
ISBN : 0128225882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Nanotechnology-based Sustainable Alternatives for the Management of Plant Diseases addresses the power of sustainable nanomaterials for plant and food protection. The book highlights dangers arising from bacteria, fungi, viruses, insects, seeds, plants, fruits and food production and summarizes new and sustainable strategies. It places a particular focus on plant pathogen control, and in the food packaging sector in agri-food applications. The control of plant pathogens in plants and in food has been conventionally made by adding chemical preservatives and by using thermal processing, but sustainable nanotechnology can be a power tool to aid in this complex set of challenges. Advances in materials science have led to the rapid development of nanotechnology that has great potential for improving food safety as a powerful tool for the delivery and controlled release of natural antimicrobials. Analyzes and lays out information related to sustainable strategies, taking a nano-based approach to the management of plant diseases and biotic damage on fresh food Presents the latest discoveries and practical applications of nanotechnology based, sustainable plant protection strategies to combat dangerous microorganisms and improve the shelf-life of food Assesses the major challenges of manufacturing nanotechnology-based pesticides on a mass scale

Food Medical and Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials

Food  Medical  and Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Veeriah Jegatheesan,Nandika Bandara,Preetam Sarkar,Angana Sarkar,Kunal Pal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-24
ISBN : 0128230746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Food, Medical, and Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials is designed to cover different types of nanomaterials that have applications related to the environment, food and medicine. It is an important resource for materials scientists and bioengineers looking to learn more about the applications of nanomaterials for sustainable development applications. Nanoscale materials possess excellent properties that have been explored in the areas of biomedicals, food, agriculture, the environment, catalysis, sensing and energy storage. Examples of these new applications include smart and active food packaging, nanobiosensors, bioremediation, wastewater treatment, implant coatings, tissue engineering, delivery systems for food and pharmaceutical applications, and food safety. Helps readers make decisions on the suitability and appropriateness of a synthetic route and characterization technique for a particular nanosystem Enables readers to analyze and compare experimental data and extract in-depth information about the physical properties of the polymeric gels using mathematical models Teaches users about the applications of nanomaterials for sustainable development applications

Spinel Nanoferrites

Spinel Nanoferrites Book
Author : Surender K. Sharma
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-29
ISBN : 3030799603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book highlights the complexity of spinel nanoferrites, their synthesis, physio-chemical properties and prospective applications in the area of advanced electronics, microwave devices, biotechnology as well as biomedical sciences. It presents an overview of spinel nanoferrites: synthesis, properties and applications for a wide audience: from beginners and graduate-level students up to advanced specialists in both academic and industrial sectors. There are 15 chapters organized into four main sections. The first section of the book introduces the readers to spinel ferrites and their applications in advanced electronics industry including microwave devices, whereas the second section mainly focus on the synthesis strategy and their physio-chemical properties. The last sections of the book highlight the importance of this class of nanomaterials in the field of biotechnology and biomedical sector with a special chapter on water purification.

Applications of Computational Intelligence in Multi Disciplinary Research

Applications of Computational Intelligence in Multi Disciplinary Research Book
Author : Ahmed A. Elngar,Rajdeep Chowdhury,Mohamed Elhoseny,Valentina Emilia Balas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-02-14
ISBN : 0128241764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Applications of Computational Intelligence in Multi-Disciplinary Research provides the readers with a comprehensive handbook for applying the powerful principles, concepts, and algorithms of computational intelligence to a wide spectrum of research cases. The book covers the main approaches used in computational intelligence, including fuzzy logic, neural networks, evolutionary computation, learning theory, and probabilistic methods, all of which can be collectively viewed as soft computing. Other key approaches included are swarm intelligence and artificial immune systems. These approaches provide researchers with powerful tools for analysis and problem-solving when data is incomplete and when the problem under consideration is too complex for standard mathematics and the crisp logic approach of Boolean computing. Provides an overview of the key methods of computational intelligence, including fuzzy logic, neural networks, evolutionary computation, learning theory, and probabilistic methods Includes case studies and real-world examples of computational intelligence applied in a variety of research topics, including bioinformatics, biomedical engineering, big data analytics, information security, signal processing, machine learning, nanotechnology, and optimization techniques Presents a thorough technical explanation on how computational intelligence is applied that is suitable for a wide range of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : M. Anwar Mallick,Manoj K. Solanki,Baby Kumari,Suresh Kumar Verma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-09
ISBN : 1000397815
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture presents applications of nanobiotechnology for eco-friendly agriculture practices. Implementing sustainable agriculture techniques is a crucial component in meeting projected global food demands while minimising toxic waste in the environment. Nano-technological tools – including nanoparticles, nanocapsules, nanotubes and nanomolecules – offer sustainable options to modernise agriculture systems. Written by nanotechnology experts, this book outlines how nano-formulations can improve yield without reliance on chemecial pesticides and reduce nutrient losses in fertilization. It reveals how nanotools are used for rapid disease diagnostics, in treating plant diseases and enhancing the capacity for plants to absorb nutrients. Features: Combines nanotechnology and agronomy presenting applications for improving plant performance and yields. Reveals nanotechnology-based products used for the soil and plant health management which mitigate climate change. Discusses roles of microbial endophytes, heavy metal nanoparticles and environment health, nano-nutrients, phytochemicals, green bioengineering and plant health. This book appeals to professionals working in the agriculture and food industry, as well as agricultural scientists and researchers in nanotechnology and agronomy.

Applications of Nanomaterials A Novel Approach for Pollution Abatement in Industries

Applications of Nanomaterials  A Novel Approach for Pollution Abatement in Industries Book
Author : Prof. Dr. Nirmal Kumar, J.I.,Dr. Hiral Y. Soni,Dr. Rita N. Kumar ,Dr. Hiren B. Soni
Publisher : Google Play Books
Release : 2022-06-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The book “Applications of Nanomaterials: A Novel Approach for Pollution Abatement in Industries” highlights an in-depth research about applications of nanotechnology for dye decolouration and abatement of pollutants from industrial effluents and agriculture. The authors have emphasized the significance of synthesis of metallic nanoparticles and their applications in dye decolouration, biocidal activity, and pollution abatement. Wastewaters are producing gradually with rapid development in different type of industries such as textile, leather, pulp, and paper, printing, photographs, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, commerce, hospitals, and health-care services. The industry use water as a principal medium for removing impurities, applying dyes, and finishing agents. Therefore, the main concern is the discharge of wastewater. Significant quantities of toxic and hazardous chemicals are being generated as an industrial waste. At present, there are thousands types of toxic chemicals commercially generated. Their virulence, firmness to natural disintegration and prolong accumulation in the environment are the cause of much concern to societies and regulatory authorities around the world. There are numerous methods for abatement of organic and inorganic compounds from the wastewater such as filtration, electrolysis, precipitation, ion exchange, coagulation, and adsorption processes. Most of these methods require high capital and recurring expenditure and consequently they are not suitable for small-scale industries. Besides, all the above-mentioned methods, photocatalysis is a highly effective and cheap process than the other methods. The search for novel technologies for the remediation and reduction of pollutants has attracted attention to adsorption phenomenon. The adsorption process involves a solid phase (biosorbent) and a liquid phase (solvent, normally water) containing dissolved species to be sorbed (sorbate, metal ions). As sorbent possess higher affinity for the sorbate species, the latter is attracted and attaches thereby different mechanisms. Metallic oxide nanoparticles are crystalline solids consisting of a metal cation and an oxide anion. Metals with high oxidation state forms oxides. Ionic metal oxides react with water to produce hydroxides. Transition metal oxides are compounds composed of oxygen atoms bound to transition metals. These are mainly used for their enhanced catalytic activity and semiconductor properties. Due to presence of superior physical and chemical properties, metal oxide nanoparticles express potential environmental remediation applications. When compared to bulk materials, they display novel properties that lead to the development of electronic and optoelectronic nano-devices with superior performance. It is well known that size and morphology are very important parameters in nanostructures. But there is limited information about the use of different nanoparticles as a photocatalytical removal of different pollutants from wastewater and in agriculture soils. Among the oxide nanoparticles, Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide and Iron oxide are the main compounds used in environment remediation study. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2), Zinc Oxide (ZnO) and Iron Oxide (FeO) nanoparticles are unique materials with band gap 3.2 eV, 3.37 eV, and 3.06 eV, correspondingly & wavelength of all three particles is above 400 nm. This means that UV light irradiation with a wavelength lower than 400 nm begins a photoreaction. The characteristic of TiO2, ZnO, FeO is the more powerful oxidative power of the VB holes than the reducibility of photo-induced electrons. Morphology, crystal structure, and elemental composition as characterization are important to understand nanoparticles based study. Widespread techniques used for morphological analysis are Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM); Particle Size Analysis (PSA), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), etc. Chemical-based Techniques used are X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy (UV-Vis Spectroscopy), and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX). In the present era, thousands of dyes and pigments are produced in industries. A significant increase in the use of synthetic complex organic dyes as coloring material by textile industry has been presented. Comprehensively, synthetic dyestuffs are used in paper, textiles, printing industries, and dye houses. Estimation for the loss of color in waste stream during the manufacturing or processing operations of textile dyes indicates approximately 10 to 20% loss. Textile wastewater poses carcinogenic and genotoxic properties and affects the immune system and reproductive system. It is reported that most of the dyes and poisonous metals used in the color industries are stable to light and are non-biodegradable. In order to reduce the risk of environmental pollution from such waste, it is mandatory to treat them before discharging into the environment. Nanophotocatalyst can decompose most organic or inorganic substances in air or water by photocatalytic oxidation and reduce harmful inorganic substances in water. Current use of nanomaterials has been expanded in every fields of science including agriculture. Plants are very crucial to human and their surroundings but very few studies have been performed to assess the potentiality of nanoparticles in agriculture crops. It has been reported that use of micronutrient fertilizers in the form of NPs is a crucial way to release desired nutrients gradually and in a controlled way, which is fundamental to diminish the problems of fertilizer pollutions. It is because of that when materials are transformed to a nanoscale, which they revolutionize, their physical, chemical, and biological properties as well as catalytic properties and even more increase the chemical and biological activities. It is demonstrated that micronutrients in the form of NPs can be used in crop production to increase yield. Study on the effect of nanoparticles on the germination, growth and yield of crops is the need of an hour. Despite their great potential, the use of nanoparticles suffers certain restrictions under industrial process conditions like loss of nanoparticles, difficulty in separation and reuse of nanoparticles. To circumvent these limitations, several strategies for immobilization of nanocatalysts in polymer have been suggested. Nanoparticles immobilization appears to be an attractive approach to develop efficient catalyst with improved performances such as enhanced resistance to thermal and chemical inactivation, remarkable storage and operational stabilities, short response time and high reproducibility and reuse. Recently various immobilization materials like Ca-alginate beads, Chitosan, Polyvinyl Alcohol, Nanoporous Silica Gel, Polyacrylamide have been used for immobilization by researchers. Entrapment in Calcium alginate beads is of particular interest because of very mild and simple preparation conditions, non-toxicity, low cost and best performance. Indeed, Alginate is a natural anionic

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment Book
Author : Baoshan Xing,Chad D. Vecitis,Nicola Senesi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-29
ISBN : 1119275830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Details the source, release, exposure, adsorption, aggregation, bioavailability, transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles found in many common products and applications Covers synthesis, environmental application, detection, and characterization of engineered nanoparticles Details the toxicity and risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles Includes topics on the transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles Presents the latest developments and knowledge of engineered nanoparticles Written by world leading experts from prestigious universities and companies

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 53

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 53 Book
Author : Mohammad Faizan,Shamsul Hayat,Fangyuan Yu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-28
ISBN : 3030868761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book presents recent developments involving the role of nanoparticles on stress tolerance. In particular, nanoparticles have the potential to provide effective solutions to the multiple agriculture-related problems. Nanoparticles present enhanced reactivity and thus better effectiveness when compared to their bulkier counterparts due to their higher surface-to-volume ratio.

Nanomaterial Biointeractions at the Cellular Organismal and System Levels

Nanomaterial Biointeractions at the Cellular  Organismal and System Levels Book
Author : Nilesh Sharma,Shivendra Sahi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-26
ISBN : 3030657922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The range of nanomaterial applications has expanded recently from catalysis, electronics, and filtration to therapeutics, diagnostics, agriculture, and food because of unique properties and potentials of different nanoparticles and nanomaterials. Research shows that these exquisite particles can interact with an organism at the cellular, physiological, biochemical, and molecular levels. However, our knowledge of how they affect these changes, selectively or generally, in diverse organism or ecosystems is very limited and far from satisfactory. Data indicate that the biological function largely depends on the shape, size, and surface characteristics of the nanoparticles used besides life cycle stages of an organism. Therefore, this compilation will focus on the body of work carried out by distinguished investigators using diverse nanomaterials and plant and animal species. This book includes specific case studies as well as general review articles highlighting aspects of multilayered interactions, and targets not only research and academic scholars but also the concerned industry and policy makers as well.