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Wto Accession And Socio Economic Development In China

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Wto Accession and Socio Economic Development in China

Wto Accession and Socio Economic Development in China Book
Author : Parikshit Basu,Yapa Bandara
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-06-15
ISBN : 1780632371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews how China’s accession to the WTO has impacted upon its education, environment, economic and social outcomes in recent years. It has been argued that China’s rapid growth in output and exports and subsequent accession to WTO has significantly increased income and therefore the well-being of the Chinese population. However, doubts are now being raised that higher income is generated at the cost of deteriorating environmental and social standards which has increasingly affected the health of the Chinese people, especially those who live in major industrial cities. Also, there is a widespread perception that its accession to WTO has significantly increased social shocks, especially among the farming community, and contributed to poor health outcomes among the rural population. These issues are critically analysed in this book by experienced academics from China and Australia. Includes contributions from Australian and Chinese scholars and thus, brings together ideas and suggestions from a broad range of perspectives Analyses China’s socio-economic challenges from a multi-dimensional focus A very useful reference in WTO issues in general and China in particular

China and the WTO

China and the WTO Book
Author : Deepak Bhattasali,Shantong Li,William J. Martin
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2004-07-09
ISBN : 082138371X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China's accession to the WTO requires a great many specific policy reforms. However, if the best results are to be obtained, it is important that these reforms be implemented as part of a consistent development program, rather than simply by treating them as a recipe. To do this, policy makers must understand the range and nature of the policy changes required by accession, their implications for the economy, and the availability and effects of supporting policies. 'China and the WTO' analyzes the nature of the reforms involved in China's accession to the WTO, assesses their implications for the world economy, and examines the implications for individual households, particularly the poor. Its key objective is to provide the information that will allow policy makers to implement WTO commitments and formulate supporting policies to contribute strongly to economic development and poverty reduction. Individual chapters by leading scholars analyze the nature of the reforms in key areas, such as agriculture, services, intellectual property and safeguards and anti-dumping. These chapters form the building blocks for later chapters which analyze the implications of reform for the economy. The book also includes a series of studies that assess the implications for households, taking into account the social safety net policies applying in China, and the impacts of complementary policies in areas such as labor market reform and investments in human capital. Of interest to policymakers, academe and students studying international trade issues and to practitioners in the area of trade and development, 'China and the WTO' is a valuable addition to the wealth of information provided by the World Bank Trade and Development Series.

China s WTO Accession Reassessed

China s WTO Accession Reassessed Book
Author : Wang Luolin
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-02-20
ISBN : 131763666X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China's accession to the World Trade Organisation in 2001 was a highly significant event both for China and for the wider world. This book argues that, although at the time some people doubted the likely benefits, China's WTO accession has been highly successful. It discusses how China has abided by its commitment to WTO terms and how WTO membership has contributed to China's reform and opening up; explores how vastly increased co-operative exchange with many countries around the world has been mutually beneficial in a range of fields including trade, science and culture; and shows how China's WTO membership has been a great stimulus both for China's economy and the world economy. The book considers the subject from a number of perspectives, and draws out lessons for future reform and development for China, and for China's relations with the rest of the world, emphasising the need to maintain a win-win approach.

China s Employment Challenges and Strategies After the WTO Accession

China s Employment Challenges and Strategies After the WTO Accession Book
Author : Douglas Zhihua Zeng
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Although China has made impressive progress in economic development and improving social well-being, it is facing many daunting challenges while transforming toward a knowledge and service-based economy and further opening up to international competition after its WTO accession in the context of knowledge revolution. One of the biggest challenges is how to create 100--300 million new jobs in the coming decade to absorb the millions of laid-offs, rural emigrants, and newly added labor force. China has been successful in building high-technology parks and information and communications technology (ICT) industries, but they are limited in terms of employment generation, while most of the traditional labor-intensive industries are losing competitiveness due to low productivity. To combat the unprecedented employment challenge, China must implement a systemic and sustained strategy ... " -- Cover verso.

China and the WTO

China and the WTO Book
Author : Supachai Panitchpakdi,Mark L. Clifford
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 2002-01-25
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work analyses the implications for world trade of China's entry into the World Trade Organization. It has taken fifteen long years of dialogue and heated debate and it will take its place among the other members at the end of 2001. This momentous event is relayed by the next WTO Chairman.

EC Trade Law Following China s Accession to the WTO

EC Trade Law Following China s Accession to the WTO Book
Author : Jan Hoogmartens
Publisher : Kluwer Law International B.V.
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 9041123016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The World Trade Organisation cannot be deemed truly international without the full participation of China, a massive market with an increasing number of highly sophisticated sectors. Yet'although China did accede to the WTO in 2001, after fifteen years of negotiations'WTO members persist in classifying China as a non-market economy, with all the trade restrictions such labelling entails. The EC in particular continues to curtail the flow of Chinese-European trade, despite some recent liberalisation in EC import and antidumping regulations. In this important book Dr. Hoogmartens clearly points the way to an equitable resolution of the complex problems raised by the friction between China's planned economy and EC trade policy instruments. The 'economic interface' he constructs takes account of such crucial elements as the following: China's 'unfinished' legal and economic reforms;the danger that the EC may develop an abusive protectionist stance;the challenge to the EC of increased Chinese competition;the persistence of Chinese state-owned enterprises;the absence of a satisfactory methodology to deal with the Chinese variant of a non-market economy;the possible adjustment of EC antidumping regulations vis-à-vis China;emergency safeguards;the role of the rule of law in trade regulation; andthe 'translatability' of Western social and political institutions. Addressing as it does a highly salient present and future aspect of the global economy, EC Trade Law Following China's WTO Accession will be of enormous value to policymakers in international economic law at all national and supranational levels. The author's reasoned and cautious analysis builds a sound platform for the ongoing development of peaceful and mutually beneficial commercial relations between Europe and China.

The Impact of WTO Membership

The Impact of WTO Membership Book
Author : Anastasia S. Loginova,Irina V. Mikheeva
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-08-10
ISBN : 1317097890
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What lessons can be learnt from the accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) of Russia, China, and Ukraine? Were there any peculiarities in the adaptation of their economies to the rules and norms of the organisation, and what impact did it have on the world trade system? This detailed, systematic, and comparative analysis of the social and economic impact of the accession of these countries to the WTO addresses these questions, presenting an economic and legal analysis of the reasons and consequences of their joining the WTO. Comparative legal and economic methods are used to explore the social and economic causes and consequences of membership for post-communist states and to suggest ways in which new members can adapt to WTO standards. This work will be of interest to experts and students in the fields of economics, jurisprudence, and customs affairs.

China s Reforms and International Political Economy

China s Reforms and International Political Economy Book
Author : David Zweig,Zhimin Chen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2007-05-07
ISBN : 1134221525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an international team of experts from the US, UK, Hong Kong, China, Korea and Canada, this important and interesting book examines and explores the relationship between the international political and economic system, and China’s economic and political transition. Exploring international relations theory with a China-centric view, the book addresses key and significant questions such as: Has the outside world shaped China’s position within the global polity and economic, and affected the way China deals with the world economy? Have Chinese leaders and foreign policy makers internalized the norms and values of the global economic activity? Who are the key players in China in this process of globalization? Giving vital insights into China’s likely development and international influence in the next decade, China’s Reforms and International Political Economy is an essential and invaluable read.

China s WTO Accession and the Impact on Its Large Manufacturing Enterprises

China s WTO Accession and the Impact on Its Large Manufacturing Enterprises Book
Author : Guy Shaojia Liu
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9789810245849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The greatest success of Chinese enterprise reform has been the creation of market competition. Competition has forced the state to retreat from non-strategic sectors and increased private ownership in the industry. This development has created ownership diversification in the Chinese industry, which is in line with the leadership's 2-R (?Retreat and Retain?) enterprise reform policy. The ownership diversification is a distinction of the reformed economy, called ?a socialist economy with Chinese characteristics?. The backbone of the economy is the large state firms in strategic sectors, largely shielded from international competition, in which most of them have been coping well with the domestically competitive environment. After China's entry to the WTO, can these firms still maintain their market dominance once all forms of protection are dismantled? Are Chinese firms ready for direct competition with their foreign rivals in the manufacturing sector? Will FAW, China's No. 1 state-owned automotive corporation, be defeated on its home ground by its foreign rivals in a freely accessed market? The core of these questions is about the sustainability of diversified ownership in the economy after it is integrated with the world trading system. Who will dominate the Chinese industry after the WTO entry: foreign or private ownership? The question is addressed by applying the market structure and entry theory of industrial economics, since WTO accession will basically result in change in both the market type and the market structure of the industry. Based on this, the study developed the market share testing theory to assess the competitiveness of dominant incumbents according to the type of market. The overall finding is that most large state incumbents will survive but their survival strategy will be changed from single ownership control to mixed ownership control. Thus, it is expected that more joint ventures between foreign and large state-owned firms will emerge in the post-WTO-entry economy. But whether such firms will evolve into foreign-controlled state-owned firms is an interesting question which remains to be answered.

China s Accession to WTO

China s Accession to WTO Book
Author : Ajit S. Bhalla,S. Qiu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses mainly trade liberalization under WTO rules and its impact on employment in the Chinese economy with particular reference to the industrial sector.

The Politics of China s Accession to the World Trade Organization

The Politics of China s Accession to the World Trade Organization Book
Author : ARC-Funded Research Fellow in Political Science Hui Feng,Hui Feng
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780415369213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Grounded on a series of first-hand interviews with Chinese government officials, this book examines China's accession to the World Trade Organization, providing an 'inside' look at Chinese WTO accession negotiations. Presenting a systematic political economy model in analyzing Beijing's decision-making mechanisms, the book argues that China's WTO policy making is a state-led, leadership driven, and top-down process. Feng explores how China's determined political elite partly bypassed and partly restructured a largely reluctant and resistant bureaucracy, under constant pressure from an increasingly globalized international system. By addressing China's accession to the WTO from a political analysis perspective, the book provides a theoretically informed and intriguing examination of China's foreign economic policy making regime. The book highlights contemporary debates relating to state and institutionalist theory and provides new and useful insights into a significant development of this century.

China and Global Trade Governance

China and Global Trade Governance Book
Author : Ka Zeng,Wei Liang
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-12-13
ISBN : 1136161821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China's historic accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in November 2001 not only represents an important milestone in the country’s transition to a market economy and integration into the global economy, but is also among the most important events in the history of the WTO and the multilateral trading system. China and Global Trade Governance: China's First Decade in the World Trade Organization provides us with some fresh empirical data to assess the country’s behaviour in the liberal international economic regime. Such an assessment is both timely and necessary as it can help us better understand China’s role in the evolving structure of global economic governance, in addition to shedding light on the broader debate about the implications of the rise of China for the international system. Through a thorough examination of China’s WTO compliance record and its experience in multilateral trade negotiations, this book seeks to better understand the sources of constraints on China’s behaviour in the multilateral trade institution as well as the country’s influence on the efficacy of the World Trade Organization. In doing so, this project speaks directly to the following questions raised by China’s unprecedented ascent in the international system: Is China a rule maker, rule follower, or rule breaker in international regimes? Is Beijing a responsible stakeholder capable of making positive contributions to global trade governance in the long-term?

Sino Mexican Trade Relations

Sino Mexican Trade Relations Book
Author : Yi Liu,Laixun Zhao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-27
ISBN : 9811046603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book undertakes two main tasks. First, it provides an overview of Sino-Mexican trade and economic relations since the normalization of diplomatic relations in the 1980s. Second, it presents a re-evaluation of Mexico’s trade policies with China, from the import substitution industrialization (ISI) period in the early 1990s to the strengthening of economic and trade relations in recent years. Both aspects are addressed within a unified framework by documenting historical events and conducting empirical analyses throughout Mexico’s economic development, which has been characterized by both growth and stagnation. The book analyzes the Sino-Mexican trade conflicts and cooperation by examining cases of antidumping (AD) and flows of international trade, and by addressing the current obstacles.

Local Protectionism and its Influence on the Post WTO Market in China

Local Protectionism and its Influence on the Post WTO Market in China Book
Author : Yining Ding
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2008-06-16
ISBN : 3898218058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on an investigation of the WTO process and local protectionisms, Yining Ding's new book presents interesting research results in the following fields:- The interests of China and other countries in the WTO; - the historic and cultural background and economic incentive of regional protectionisms, the different influences of regional politicians on the reform and opening policy;- the administrative market monopoly during the transition economy and the route dependent behaviour of the reform and the local officials;- the "game" between central and local government;- the important role of Guanxi and its influence on the protective behaviour in relation to justice, abuse of administrative power, forged goods and the grabbing economy, foreign trade, and FDI; - Guanxi, rent-seeking and the structure of regional seigneur power;- the establishment of a model of different degrees of local protectionisms of sub-national governments.Yining Ding presents an empirical analysis and theoretical contributions to research on local protectionism and its influence on the post-WTO market in China and provides an overview of the Chinese status quo since accession into the WTO with up-to-date economic data. His book should serve economics majors, students in other areas with an interest in China and businessmen, investors and engineers who want to investigate or work in China well. In addition, this work should provide a guide or tool for readers to observe the current Chinese social development through different eyes.

Trade Liberalization Social Policy Development and Labour Market Outcomes of Chinese Women and Men in the Decade After China s Accession to the World Trade Organization

Trade Liberalization  Social Policy Development and Labour Market Outcomes of Chinese Women and Men in the Decade After China   s Accession to the World Trade Organization Book
Author : United Nations Women
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2016-02-26
ISBN : 9213614373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How trade liberalization affects women’s position in the labour market and what role public policy should play to make the process work better for women are among some of the most debated issues in academic communities and in policy-making arenas. This work sheds light on these contentious issues by analysing the trends in labour market outcomes of women and men in China in the decade after its accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The publication reviews the changes associated with China’s economic reforms and opening to international trade and investment since the process started in the late 1970s. Since the early 2000s, a wide range of policy measures have been introduced to strengthen labour market regulations, reduce inequality and increase social security. However, most of these policy initiatives were ‘gender neutral’, paying inadequate attention to the institutional constraints that disadvantaged women in the labour market.

The China Miracle

The China Miracle Book
Author : Justin Yifu Lin,Fang Cai,Zhou Li
Publisher : Chinese University Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9789622019850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using a historical, comparative and analytic approach grounded in mainstream economics, the authors develop a consistent and rational framework of state-owned enterprises and individual agents to analyze the internal logic of the traditional Chinese planning system. In this revised edition, the authors update the data and information in the book and include a new chapter on the impact of China's WTO accession on its reform.

The Economy of China

The Economy of China Book
Author : Linda Y. Yueh
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2010-01-01
ISBN : 1849805652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'The book is a very good snapshot introduction to China and could potentially be used as a supplementary text for undergraduates in their studies on the Chinese economy or Chinese studies.' Herb Thompson, Journal of Contemporary Asia 'By examining the institutional reforms used to make the transition, Yueh provides a comprehensive and exceptionally insightful analysis of economic change in what has become the world's second biggest economy. . . Highly recommended.' C.A. Haulman, Choice The emergence of China since 1979 has been a hallmark in the global economy, not only in the past but also in this century. This comprehensive book provides an analytical view of the remarkable economic development of the most exciting economy in the world. China's impressive economic growth has propelled it from being one of the poorest countries in the world to becoming its second largest economy. It is a complex economy with a mix of characteristics resulting from being both a transition economy and a developing country, which also points to the challenges that it still faces. This book explains China's remarkable transformation from a centrally planned to a more market-oriented economy through examination of the institutional reforms necessary to support such marketisation and eventual global integration. Although no book will be able to be completely comprehensive given the scale of the economy and the remarkable pace of transformation over three decades, this study highlights the key areas giving an overview of the major developments in China's economy, enabling its prospects of continuing growth to be assessed. With topical discussion incorporating recent data and developments, this book will be a stimulating read for academic researchers, postgraduate students in economics, international business, Chinese and area studies, as well as anyone interested in understanding the Chinese economy.

The China Miracle

The China Miracle Book
Author : Justin Yifu Lin,Fang Cai,Zhou Li
Publisher : The Chinese University of Hong Kong Press
Release : 2004-03-15
ISBN : 9882378781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The tremendous success of China's economic reform, in contrast with the vast difficulties encountered by the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries in their transition, has attracted worldwide attention. Using a historical, comparative and analytic approach grounded in mainstream economics, the authors develop a consistent and rational framework of state-owned enterprises and individual agents to analyze the internal logic of the traditional planning system. They also explain why the Chinese economy grew slowly before the market-oriented reform in 1979 but became one of the fastest growing economies afterwards, and why the vigour/chaos cycle became part of China's reform process. The book also addresses to the questions that whether China can continue its trend of reform and development and become the largest economy in the world in the early 21st century, and what the general implications of China's experience of development and reform are for other developing and transition economies. The first edition has been well-received and is the standard textbook or reference for students and researchers of China studies. In this thoroughly revised edition, the authors have updated the data and information in the book and include a new chapter on the impact of China's WTO accession on its economic reforms and causes of the current deflation.

China in a Globalizing World

China in a Globalizing World Book
Author : United Nations Conference on Trade and Development,China. Shang wu bu
Publisher : United Nations Publications
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China has achieved a significant rise in economic growth and development levels over the past two decades, which has transformed the country into a global economic force. This publication contains a collection of papers which discuss some of the key issues relating to China's development path in an increasingly globalising world, derived from various seminars held in relation to the joint UNCTAD/Ministry of Commerce of China (MOFCOM) project on 'Managing globalization and economic integration'.