Skip to main content

Work Across The Lifespan

In Order to Read Online or Download Work Across The Lifespan Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Work Across the Lifespan

Work Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Boris Baltes,Cort W. Rudolph,Hannes Zacher
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-30
ISBN : 0128127562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Work Across the Lifespan coalesces lifespan theoretical and lifespan-based empirical perspectives on aging and work. The books examines human development theories that explain patterns of growth, trajectories of change and maintenance of continuities across the entirety of life. Using the implicit focus of these theories on aging as a guide to intra-individual change and goal-based self-regulation processes, the book examines the relationship between work and aging. Drawing upon developmental psychology, life course sociology, microeconomics, and critical gerontology, this authoritative reference brings together the collective thinking of researchers who study aging and working, and aging and careers. Summarizes key tenets of lifespan theories Draws upon theories from work and organizational psychology, organizational behavior, and human resources management Applies theories to work, organizational life and careers Examines age and work-related processes Provides an exclusive lifespan focus on work and aging Focuses on aging as a continuous intraindividual change process

Temperament and Personality Development Across the Life Span

Temperament and Personality Development Across the Life Span Book
Author : Victoria J. Molfese,Dennis L. Molfese,Robert R. McCrae
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2000-06
ISBN : 1135666989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This is the third book in a series of Across the Life Span volumes that has come from the Biennial Life Span Development Conferences. The authors--well known in their fields--present theoretical and research issues important for the understanding of temperament in infancy and childhood, as well as personality in adolescence and adulthood. Current findings placed within theoretical and historical contexts make each chapter distinctive. The chapter authors focus on their work and its implications for temperament and personality issues across the life span. In addition, they include summaries of research by other investigators and theorists, placing their work and that of others in a lifespan perspective.

Developmental Transitions across the Lifespan

Developmental Transitions across the Lifespan Book
Author : Leo B Hendry
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2015-05-08
ISBN : 1317536797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Choice Recommended Read Leo B. Hendry is one of the foremost developmental psychologists of his generation. His diverse range of interests have included studies on young people’s involvement in competitive sports, investigations into teacher and pupil relations in school, adolescents’ leisure pursuits and their family relations, parenting styles, youth workers and mentoring, youth unemployment, adolescent health behaviours, and transition to early adulthood. His research interests now include work on ageing and retirement. Developmental Transitions across the Lifespan is the first collection of Hendry’s works, and essentially joins the dots to provide an overarching perspective on lifespan development through a dynamic systems theory approach. Underpinned by empirical research, this collection of journal articles and book chapters is linked by a contemporary commentary which not only contextualises each piece within today’s research climate, but builds to provides an unorthodox, comprehensive but above all compelling perspective on human development from childhood to old age. Leo B. Hendry’s research output has been significant and influential. This is an important book that will provide students and researchers in developmental psychology not only with an opportunity to view his contribution holistically, but in connecting his range of research interests, provides a new contribution to our understanding of lifespan development in its own right.

Women s Career Development Across the Lifespan

Women s Career Development Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Laura L. Bierema
Publisher : Jossey-Bass
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Women make up almost half of the U.S. workforce, yet lag behind men in pay, status, promotion, and career opportunities. This volume of New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education identifies the social and economic tensions that characterize women's career development-and offers a range of responses that women, adult educators, HRD professionals, and organizations can employ to meet the challenges. The authors recommAnd strategies for easing the work and family conflict, including how to make part-time employment a viable career development option. They also evaluate the role of human resource development in promoting the career progress of women, assessing approaches such as mentoring and training programs.

Grief and Loss Across the Lifespan Second Edition

Grief and Loss Across the Lifespan  Second Edition Book
Author : Carolyn Ambler Walter,Judith L. M. McCoyd, PhD, LCSW, QCSW,PhD Carolyn Ambler Walter, PhD, LCSW,Judith L. M. McCoyd
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2015-09-18
ISBN : 0826120288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This unique text for undergraduate and master’s level social work and counseling courses on loss, grief, and bereavement is distinguished by its biopsychosocial perspective and developmental framework. The book addresses grieving patterns and intervention strategies according to the life trajectory and provides clinical intervention tools and strategies for coping according to the developmental stage of an individual. The second edition reflects new research that has clarified and underscored the value of theories examined in the first edition—particularly in the areas of continued bonds, disenfranchised grief, and ambiguous grief. It describes how grieving is influenced by biological responses to stress, psychological responses to loss, and social norms and support networks.

Advances in Research on Age in the Workplace and Retirement

Advances in Research on Age in the Workplace and Retirement Book
Author : Cort W. Rudolph,Hannes Zacher,Susanne Scheibe
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-01-16
ISBN : 2889453936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Shifts in the age composition of the workforce coupled with dynamic definitions of retirement represent important issues that influence work processes and, more generally, the experience of working across one’s career. For example, redefinitions of careers and the changing nature of working have contributed to the emergence of distinct forms and patterns of work experiences across the prototypical work lifespan. Likewise, older individuals are increasingly delaying retirement in favor of longer-term labor force participation. The study of age and work, and work and retirement by industrial, work, and organizational (IWO) psychologists and scholars of human resources management and organizational behavior (HR/OB) has recently proliferated in part as a result of such trends, along with the recognition that age-related processes are important indicators of various proximal (e.g., job attitudes, work behaviors, work motives, and wellbeing) and distal outcomes (e.g., sustainable employability, climates for aging, and firm performance) at various levels of abstraction in modern work environments. Recent theoretical advances have suggested that age, along with individual psychological factors and various contextual influences can jointly influence work outcomes that contribute to long-term employment success, including work performance, job attitudes, work orientations, and motivations. Similar theoretical developments concerning retirement have postulated individual and contextual elements that drive success in the transition from career and work roles to non-work and leisure as well as post-retirement bridge employment roles. In this Research Topic, we aim to curate a collection of papers that are representative of current trends and advances in thinking about and investigating the role of age in workplace processes and the changing nature of retirement. Our hope is to showcase various contemporary ideas and rigorous empirical studies as a means to inform broader thinking and to support enhanced theorizing and organizational practice regarding these processes.

Assessment and Intervention Issues Across the Life Span

Assessment and Intervention Issues Across the Life Span Book
Author : Stephanie M.C. Dollinger,Lisabeth F. DiLalla,Stephanie MC Dollinger
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1134799829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This volume evolved from the second life span development conference held at Southern Illinois University entitled "Assessment and Intervention Across the Lifespan." Providing an overview and consideration of important directions for research in areas of assessment and intervention across the lifespan, the presentations covered a variety of topic areas including social ecology, cultural diversity, attitudes about aging, as well as attention, visual, and linguistic skills. This volume consists of chapters based on the conference presentations as well as additional chapters by experts in related specialty areas discussing attachment theory, learning disabilities, and phonological processing. The second conference and volume continue the work of the first conference and its associated earlier volume. The chapters cover important interactions between assessment and intervention for each major developmental period; several emphasize the importance of early assessment and intervention. A common theme found throughout is the critical connection between basic research and practice. The editors hope this book will prove useful not only to researchers, but also to practitioners in related disciplines working with individuals of all ages.

Human Growth and Development Across the Lifespan

Human Growth and Development Across the Lifespan Book
Author : David Capuzzi,Mark D. Stauffer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-29
ISBN : 1118984722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

A practically focused guide to effective counseling of all clients Human Development Across the Life Span is a practical guide to human growth and development, moving beyond theory to include real-world applications for counselors who work with clients. Written by recognized authorities in mental health counseling and counselor education, this book is fully aligned with the American Counseling Association's accreditation standards and includes contributions by well-known and respected academics and practitioners. Based on an extensive review of course syllabi across CACREP-accredited programs, this book is organized to follow the way courses are typically taught and follows a consistent structure including pedagogical elements that help students learn. After a thorough examination of essential concepts and theories of life span development, the book moves through each stage of human growth and development to provide expert insight, short case studies, and practical applications to counseling. The full Instructor's package provides a useful set of tools, including a Respondus test bank, PowerPoint slides, and an Instructor's Manual. This book is the only text on human growth and development that emphasizes the key implications and applications for counselors, providing useful information and the insights of real experts in each subject area. Understand the developmental milestones at each life stage Appreciate clients' perspectives to better facilitate appropriate interventions Work more effectively with clients of any age, from toddlers to seniors Tailor your approach to meet the unique needs and abilities of each life stage As a counselor, you cannot approach a child's therapy the same way you approach an adult's. Even within each major category, each developmental stage includes a nuanced set of characteristics that, considered appropriately, will inform a more effective treatment plan. Human Development Across the Life Span is a comprehensive guide to understanding all of your clients, and providing the type of counseling that facilitates more positive outcomes.

Women s Reproductive Mental Health Across the Lifespan

Women s Reproductive Mental Health Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Diana Lynn Barnes
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-30
ISBN : 3319051164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

"In this book you’ll find a thoughtfully edited chronicle of the unique convergence of genetic, hormonal, social, and environmental forces that influence a woman’s mental health over the course of her life. Both comprehensive and nuanced, Women’s Reproductive Mental Health Across the Lifespan captures the science, clinical observation, and collective wisdom of experts in the field. Professionals and laypersons alike are well-advised to make room on their bookshelves for this one!" - Margaret Howard, Ph.D., Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University; Women & Infants Hospital, Providence RI "This outstanding collection of work is an important, timely, and much needed resource. Dr. Diana Lynn Barnes has been instrumental in bringing attention to the needs of perinatal women for decades. In Women's Reproductive Health Across the Lifespan, she brilliantly unites the medical world of reproductive life events with the psychiatric and psychological world of mental health issues associated with them. Her expertise, combined with contributions by distinguished leaders in the field, create a volume of work that should be studied carefully by every medical and mental health provider who works with women." - Karen Kleiman, MSW, The Postpartum Stress Center, Author of Therapy and the Postpartum Woman "Finally, a book that addresses the entire scope of women’s reproductive mental health spanning the gamut from puberty to menopause. The list of chapter contributors reads like a who’s who of international experts. Unique to this book is its focus on the interaction of genetics, hormonal fluctuations, and the social environment. It is a must addition for the libraries of clinicians and researchers in women’s reproductive mental health". - Cheryl Tatano Beck, DNSc, CNM, FAAN, Board of Trustees Distinguished Professor, School of Nursing, University of Connecticut Pregnancy and childbirth are generally viewed as joyous occasions. Yet for numerous women, these events instead bring anxiety, depression, and emotional distress. Increased interest in risk reduction and early clinical intervention is bringing reproductive issues to the forefront of women's mental health. The scope of Women's Reproductive Mental Health across the Lifespan begins long before the childbearing years, and continues well after those years have ended. Empirical findings, case examples, and dispatches from emerging areas of the field illuminate representative issues across the continuum of women's lives with the goal of more effective care benefitting women and their families. Chapter authors discuss advances in areas such as fertility treatment and contraception, and present current thinking on the psychological impact of pregnancy loss, menopause, cancer, and other stressors. These expert contributors emphasize the connections between an individual's biology and psychology and cultural expectations in shaping women's mental health, and the balance between a client's unique history and current clinical knowledge clinicians need to address disorders. Included in the coverage: The experience of puberty and emotional wellbeing. Body image issues and eating disorders in the childbearing years. Risk assessment and screening during pregnancy. Normal and pathological postpartum anxiety. Mood disorders and the transition to menopause. The evolution of reproductive psychiatry. A reference with an extended shelf life, Women's Reproductive Mental Health across the Lifespan enhances the work of researchers and practitioners in social work, clinical psychology, and psychiatry, and has potential relevance to all health care professionals.

Developing Sustainable Careers Across the Lifespan

Developing Sustainable Careers Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Ans de Vos,Jean-Marie Dujardin,Tim Gielens,Caroline Meyers
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 9783319477404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book offers insights into facilitating sustainable careers through the study of a wide interdisciplinary range of policy investigations and assessment of ongoing practices in the field. By assessing and comparing the transferability of policies and good practices between firms in ten countries and regions of the European Union this book considers the development of sustainable careers across the lifespan at the levels of individuals, organizations and systems. This book is the culmination of a research project from the international European Social Fund network on ‘Career and Age, Generation, Experience(AGE)’. It discusses and offers observations on key concerns at the European level: How to make people work longer, remain employable, develop sustainable competencies ? How to adapt the work environment and human resource management policies at employer’s level ? And finally, how can public authorities take measures and incentives to support sustainable careers for individuals?

Counseling Across the Lifespan

Counseling Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Cindy L Juntunen,Jonathan P. Schwartz
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2015-04-15
ISBN : 1483389146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Counseling Across the Lifespan by Cindy L. Juntunen and Jonathan P. Schwartz is a practical book that helps readers provide effective mental, emotional, and behavioral health services to clients across the continuum of care, from health promotion through long-term treatment and remediation. Anchoring each chapter within a life stage—from childhood through older adulthood—the text identifies the nature and origin of various psychological issues and emphasizes the importance of anticipating and responding early to concerns that arise for large portions of the population. The Second Edition features new chapters and expanded coverage of important topics, such as sociocultural contextual factors and interprofessional health perspectives.

Written and Spoken Language Development across the Lifespan

Written and Spoken Language Development across the Lifespan Book
Author : Joan Perera,Melina Aparici,Elisa Rosado,Naymé Salas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-23
ISBN : 3319211366
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This multidisciplinary volume offers insights on oral and written language development and how it takes place in literate societies. The volume covers topics from early to late language development, its interaction with literacy practices, including several languages, monolingual and multilingual contexts, different scripts, as well as typical and atypical development. Inspired by the work of Liliana Tolchinsky, a leading expert in language and literacy development, a group of internationally renowned scholars offers a state-of-the-art overview of current thinking in language development in literate societies in its broadest sense. Contributors offer a personal tribute to Liliana Tolchinsky in the opening section.

Personality Development Across the Lifespan

Personality Development Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Jule Specht
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9780128046746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Personality Development across the Lifespan examines the development of personality characteristics from childhood, adolescence, emerging adulthood, adulthood, and old age. It provides a comprehensive overview of theoretical perspectives, methods, and empirical findings of personality and developmental psychology, also detailing insights on how individuals differ from each other, how they change during life, and how these changes relate to biological and environmental factors, including major life events, social relationships, and health. The book begins with chapters on personality development in different life phases before moving on to theoretical perspectives, the development of specific personality characteristics, and personality development in relation to different contexts, like close others, health, and culture. Final sections cover methods in research on the topic and the future directions of research in personality development. Introduces and reviews the most important personality characteristics Examines personality in relation to different contexts and how it is related to important life outcomes Discusses patterns and sources of personality development

Self Esteem Across the Lifespan

Self Esteem Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Mary H. Guindon
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2009-10-27
ISBN : 1135841918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

As long as clinicians write “increase self-esteem” on treatment plans without knowing precisely what that means, there is a need for information on the construct of self-esteem and how its many components can have an effect on outcomes. This text defines self-esteem, describes its history and evolution, discusses its controversies, and presents information on intervention strategies that can make a difference when it receives clinical attention. Principles and concepts are applied to various clinical concerns faced by clients in each of the five developmental life stages: childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, midlife, and late life. Book chapters discuss a variety of specific issues– such as child trauma and abuse, ADHD, body image and eating disorders, at-risk adolescents, African American youth, sexuality in young adulthood, alcohol and other drugs issues, lesbians and gay men at midlife, career development, intergenerational conflict in Asian Americans, and loss in late life – and offer detailed strategies for the development and enhancement of self-esteem. Also included is an example of an 8-week self-esteem enhancement program.

Developmental Transitions across the Lifespan

Developmental Transitions across the Lifespan Book
Author : Leo B Hendry
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2015-05-08
ISBN : 1317536789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Choice Recommended Read Leo B. Hendry is one of the foremost developmental psychologists of his generation. His diverse range of interests have included studies on young people’s involvement in competitive sports, investigations into teacher and pupil relations in school, adolescents’ leisure pursuits and their family relations, parenting styles, youth workers and mentoring, youth unemployment, adolescent health behaviours, and transition to early adulthood. His research interests now include work on ageing and retirement. Developmental Transitions across the Lifespan is the first collection of Hendry’s works, and essentially joins the dots to provide an overarching perspective on lifespan development through a dynamic systems theory approach. Underpinned by empirical research, this collection of journal articles and book chapters is linked by a contemporary commentary which not only contextualises each piece within today’s research climate, but builds to provides an unorthodox, comprehensive but above all compelling perspective on human development from childhood to old age. Leo B. Hendry’s research output has been significant and influential. This is an important book that will provide students and researchers in developmental psychology not only with an opportunity to view his contribution holistically, but in connecting his range of research interests, provides a new contribution to our understanding of lifespan development in its own right.

Bullying and Victimization Across the Lifespan

Bullying and Victimization Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Paul R. Smokowski,Caroline B. R. Evans
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-29
ISBN : 3030202933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book examines bullying and victimization at different points across the lifespan, from childhood through old age. It examines bullying at disparate ecological levels, such as within the family, in school, on the internet, at the work place, and between countries. This volume explores the connections between variations of bullying that manifests in multiple forms of violence and victimization. It also describes how bullying dynamics can affect individuals, families, and communities. Using a universal definition of bullying dynamics, chapters discuss bullying roles during different developmental periods across the lifespan. In addition, chapters review each role in the bullying dynamic and discuss behavioral health consequences, prevention strategies, and ways to promote restorative justice to decrease the impact of toxic bullying behaviors on society. The book concludes with recommendations for possible solutions and prevention suggestions. Topics featured in this book include: Mental health and the neurobiological impacts of bullying. The prevalence of bystanders and their behavior in bullying dynamics. The relationship between traditional bullying and cyberbullying. How bullying causes trauma. Sibling violence and bullying. Bullying in intimate partner relationships. Elder abuse as a form of bullying. Why bullying is a global public health concern. Bullying and Victimization Across the Lifespan is a must-have resource for researchers, professors, clinicians, and related professionals as well as graduate students in clinical child, school, and developmental psychology, social work, public health, and family studies as well as anthropology, social psychology, sociology, and criminology.

Handbook of Parenting and Child Development Across the Lifespan

Handbook of Parenting and Child Development Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Matthew R. Sanders,Alina Morawska
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-18
ISBN : 9783319945972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This handbook presents the latest theories and findings on parenting, from the evolving roles and tasks of childrearing to insights from neuroscience, prevention science, and genetics. Chapters explore the various processes through which parents influence the lives of their children, as well as the effects of parenting on specific areas of child development, such as language, communication, cognition, emotion, sibling and peer relationships, schooling, and health. Chapters also explore the determinants of parenting, including consideration of biological factors, parental self-regulation and mental health, cultural and religious factors, and stressful and complex social conditions such as poverty, work-related separation, and divorce. In addition, the handbook provides evidence supporting the implementation of parenting programs such as prevention/early intervention and treatments for established issues. The handbook addresses the complementary role of universal and targeted parenting programs, the economic benefits of investment in parenting programs, and concludes with future directions for research and practice. Topics featured in the Handbook include: · The role of fathers in supporting children’s development. · Developmental disabilities and their effect on parenting and child development. · Child characteristics and their reciprocal effects on parenting. · Long-distance parenting and its impact on families. · The shifting dynamic of parenting and adult-child relationships. · The effects of trauma, such as natural disasters, war exposure, and forced displacement on parenting. The Handbook of Parenting and Child Development Across the Lifespan is an essential reference for researchers, graduate students, clinicians, and therapists and professionals in clinical child and school psychology, social work, pediatrics, developmental psychology, family studies, child and adolescent psychiatry, and special education.

Sibling Loss Across the Lifespan

Sibling Loss Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Brenda J. Marshall,Howard R. Winokuer
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2016-10-04
ISBN : 1317374444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Sibling Loss Across the Lifespan brings together researchers, clinicians, and bereaved siblings to explore sibling loss. Unique in both form and content, the book focuses on loss within five key age ranges—childhood, adolescence, emerging adulthood, adulthood, and late adulthood—and losses within a special topics section that addresses areas of interest across multiple age groups. In addition to chapters from researchers and clinicians, the book includes personal stories from bereaved siblings who describe the lived experience of this loss.

Encyclopedia of Relationships Across the Lifespan

Encyclopedia of Relationships Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Jeffrey S. Turner
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780313295768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This comprehensive, cross-disciplinary encyclopedia explores the developmental nature of social interactions and is designed for a broad range of readers in college, institutional, and public library settings. Over 500 easy-to-read entries analyze terms, concepts, themes, theories, and policies, as well as current, historical, and multicultural perspectives, and provide over 1,500 sources for further study. An appendix listing over 100 professional journals of note and a selected bibliography of the latest publications of importance to the topic overall further enrich this volume designed for students, teachers, and practitioners, and general readers in psychology, sociology, family and ethnic studies.

Handbook of Parenting and Child Development Across the Lifespan

Handbook of Parenting and Child Development Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Matthew R. Sanders,Alina Morawska
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-06
ISBN : 331994598X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This handbook presents the latest theories and findings on parenting, from the evolving roles and tasks of childrearing to insights from neuroscience, prevention science, and genetics. Chapters explore the various processes through which parents influence the lives of their children, as well as the effects of parenting on specific areas of child development, such as language, communication, cognition, emotion, sibling and peer relationships, schooling, and health. Chapters also explore the determinants of parenting, including consideration of biological factors, parental self-regulation and mental health, cultural and religious factors, and stressful and complex social conditions such as poverty, work-related separation, and divorce. In addition, the handbook provides evidence supporting the implementation of parenting programs such as prevention/early intervention and treatments for established issues. The handbook addresses the complementary role of universal and targeted parenting programs, the economic benefits of investment in parenting programs, and concludes with future directions for research and practice. Topics featured in the Handbook include: · The role of fathers in supporting children’s development. · Developmental disabilities and their effect on parenting and child development. · Child characteristics and their reciprocal effects on parenting. · Long-distance parenting and its impact on families. · The shifting dynamic of parenting and adult-child relationships. · The effects of trauma, such as natural disasters, war exposure, and forced displacement on parenting. The Handbook of Parenting and Child Development Across the Lifespan is an essential reference for researchers, graduate students, clinicians, and therapists and professionals in clinical child and school psychology, social work, pediatrics, developmental psychology, family studies, child and adolescent psychiatry, and special education.