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Wood Composites

Wood Composites Book
Author : Martin P Ansell
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-07-24
ISBN : 1782424776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent progress in enhancing and refining the performance and properties of wood composites by chemical and thermal modification and the application of smart multi-functional coatings have made them a particular area of interest for researchers. Wood Composites comprehensively reviews the whole field of wood composites, with particular focus on their materials, applications and engineering and scientific advances, including solutions inspired biomimetrically by the structure of wood and wood composites. Part One covers the materials used for wood composites and examines wood microstructure, and wood processing and adhesives for wood composites. Part Two explores the many applications of wood composites, for example plywood, fibreboard, chipboard, glulam, cross-laminated timber, I-beams and wood-polymer composites. The final part investigates advances in wood composites and looks at the preservation and modification of wood composites, environmental impacts and legislative obligations, nano-coatings and plasma treatment, biomimetic composite materials, the integration of wood composites with other materials and carbonized and mineralized wood composites. Comprehensively reviews the entire field of wood composites in a single volume Examines recent progress in enhancing and refining the performance and properties of wood composites by chemical and thermal modification and the application of smart multi-functional coatings Explores the range of wood composites, including both new and traditional products

Wood Polymer Composites

Wood Polymer Composites Book
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Mohit Hemanth Kumar,Suchart Siengchin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-27
ISBN : 981161606X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprehensively covers the different topics of wood polymer composite materials mainly synthesis methods for the composite materials, various characterization techniques to study the superior properties and insights on potential advanced applications. It also discusses the chemistry, fabrication process, properties, applications, recycling and life cycle assessment of wood polymer composites. This is a useful reference source for both engineers and researchers working in composite materials science as well as the students attending materials science, physics, chemistry and engineering courses.

Wood Polymer Composites

Wood Polymer Composites Book
Author : K O Niska,M. Sain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-05-29
ISBN : 1845694570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood-polymer composites (WPC) are materials in which wood is impregnated with monomers that are then polymerised in the wood to tailor the material for special applications. The resulting properties of these materials, from lightness and enhanced mechanical properties to greater sustainability, has meant a growing number of applications in such areas as building, construction and automotive engineering. This important book reviews the manufacture of wood-polymer composites, how their properties can be assessed and improved and their range of uses. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials, manufacturing technologies and interactions between wood and synthetic polymers. Building on this foundation, the following group of chapters discusses mechanical and other properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance. The book concludes by looking at orientated wood-polymer composites, wood-polymer composite foams, at ways of assessing performance and at the range of current and future applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Wood-polymer composites is a valuable reference for all those using and studying these important materials. Provides a comprehensive survey of major new developments in wood-polymer composites Reviews the key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials and manufacturing technologies Discusses properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites Book
Author : Roger M. Rowell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-02-18
ISBN : 0203492439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The degradable nature of high-performance, wood-based materials is an attractive advantage when considering environmental factors such as sustainability, recycling, and energy/resource conservation. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites provides an excellent guide to the latest concepts and technologies in wood chemistry and bio-based composites. The book analyzes the chemical composition and physical properties of wood cellulose and its response to natural processes of degradation. It describes safe and effective chemical modifications to strengthen wood against biological, chemical, and mechanical degradation without using toxic, leachable, or corrosive chemicals. Expert researchers provide insightful analyses of the types of chemical modifications applied to polymer cell walls in wood, emphasizing the mechanisms of reaction involved and resulting changes in performance properties. These include modifications that increase water repellency, fire retardancy, and resistance to ultraviolet light, heat, moisture, mold, and other biological organisms. The text also explores modifications that increase mechanical strength, such as lumen fill, monomer polymer penetration, and plasticization. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites concludes with the latest applications, such as adhesives, geotextiles, and sorbents, and future trends in the use of wood-based composites in terms of sustainable agriculture, biodegradability and recycling, and economics. Incorporating over 30 years of teaching experience, the esteemed editor of this handbook is well-attuned to educational demands as well as industry standards and research trends.

Wood Plastic Composites

Wood Plastic Composites Book
Author : Anatole A. Klyosov
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-10-12
ISBN : 9780470165928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, practical guide to wood-plastic composites and their properties This is the first book that presents an overview of the main principles underlying the composition of wood-plastic composite (WPC) materials and their performance in the real world. Focusing on the characteristics of WPC materials rather than their manufacture, this guide bridges the gap between laboratory-based research and testing and the properties WPC materials exhibit when they're used in decks, railing systems, fences, and other common applications. Complete with practical examples and case studies, this guide: Describes compositions of WPC materials, including thermoplastics, cellulose fiber, minerals, additives, and their properties Covers mechanical properties, microbial resistance, water absorption, flammability, slip resistance, thermal expansion-contraction, sensitivity to oxidation and solar radiation, and rheological properties of hot melts of WPC Covers subjects that determine esthetics, properties, performance, and durability of wood-plastic composite products Includes comparisons of different ASTM methods and procedures that apply to specific properties This is a comprehensive, hands-on reference for scientists, engineers, and researchers working with wood-plastic composites in plastics and polymers, materials science, microbiology, rheology, plastic technology, and chemical engineering, as well as an outstanding text for graduate students in these disciplines. It's also an excellent resource for suppliers and WPC manufacturers, and an accessible guide for developers, homebuilders, and landscape architects who want to know more about wood-plastic composites and their performance in the real world.

Recent Advances in the Processing of Wood Plastic Composites

Recent Advances in the Processing of Wood Plastic Composites Book
Author : Jin Kuk Kim,Kaushik Pal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-12-16
ISBN : 3642148778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood-plastic composite (WPC) is a non-recyclable composite material lumber or timber made of recycled plastic and wood wastes which has become one of the most dynamic sectors of the plastics industry in this decade. It is used in numerous applications, such as, outdoor deck floors, railings, fences, landscaping timbers, park benches, window and door frames. This book starts with a brief glimpse at the basic structures and properties of WPCs. Aspects such as surface treatment, machinery used and testing types of WPCs are also covered. The following chapters of the book give a view of foam technology, flame retardant properties and colour retardant properties of WPCs. The way morphology affects or controls the physical and mechanical behaviours of the finished materials is discussed. Finally, the authors give an overview of the applications of wood-plastic composites in daily life. The book may serve as a source book for scientists wishing to work in this field.

Wood Composites

Wood Composites Book
Author : J. Paulo Davim,Alfredo Aguilera
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2017-09-11
ISBN : 3110416085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood composites as part of wood engineering materials has been reaching a constant developing trend, being used on a wide range of applications and becoming worldwide as a very promising alternate material face to traditional building materials such as concrete, metal and plastics. In this part of the series are treated aspects among which advances functionalities in laminates, the activation of natural fibres, the natural matrix, and others industrials manufacturing research advances for wood material as composite.

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites Second Edition

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites  Second Edition Book
Author : Roger M. Rowell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-09-06
ISBN : 1439853800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood has played a major role throughout human history. Strong and versatile, the earliest humans used wood to make shelters, cook food, construct tools, build boats, and make weapons. Recently, scientists, politicians, and economists have renewed their interest in wood because of its unique properties, aesthetics, availability, abundance, and perhaps most important of all, its renewability. However, wood will not reach its highest use potential until we fully describe it, understand the mechanisms that control its performance properties, and, finally, are able to manipulate those properties to give us the desired performance we seek. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites analyzes the chemical composition and physical properties of wood cellulose and its response to natural processes of degradation. It describes safe and effective chemical modifications to strengthen wood against biological, chemical, and mechanical degradation without using toxic, leachable, or corrosive chemicals. Expert researchers provide insightful analyses of the types of chemical modifications applied to polymer cell walls in wood. They emphasize the mechanisms of reaction involved and resulting changes in performance properties including modifications that increase water repellency, fire retardancy, and resistance to ultraviolet light, heat, moisture, mold, and other biological organisms. The text also explores modifications that increase mechanical strength, such as lumen fill, monomer polymer penetration, and plasticization. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites concludes with the latest applications, such as adhesives, geotextiles, and sorbents, and future trends in the use of wood-based composites in terms of sustainable agriculture, biodegradability and recycling, and economics. Incorporating decades of teaching experience, the editor of this handbook is well-attuned to educational demands as well as industry standards and research trends.

Advances in Wood Composites II

Advances in Wood Composites II Book
Author : Antonios N. Papadopoulos
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-11-09
ISBN : 3039435213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood composites have shown very good performance and substantial service lives when correctly specified for the exposure risks present. The selection of an appropriate product for the job should be accompanied by decisions about the appropriate protection, whether this is by design, by preservative treatment, or by wood modification techniques. This Special Issue, “Advances in Wood Composites II”, presents recent progress in enhancing and refining the performance and properties of wood composites by chemical and thermal modification and the application of smart nanomaterials. Such enhancements and refinements have made wood composites a particular area of interest for researchers. In addition, this Special Issue reviews some important aspects in the field of wood composites, with particular focus on their materials, applications, and engineering and scientific advances, including solutions inspired biomimetically by the structure of wood and wood composites. This Special Issue, as a collection of 14 original contributions, provides selected examples of recent advances in wood composites.

Introduction to Wood and Natural Fiber Composites

Introduction to Wood and Natural Fiber Composites Book
Author : Douglas D. Stokke,Qinglin Wu,Guangping Han
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-21
ISBN : 1118676076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past two decades, there has been a shift in research and industrial practice, and products traditionally manufactured primarily from wood are increasingly combined with other nonwood materials of either natural or synthetic origin. Wood and other plant-based fiber is routinely combined with adhesives, polymers, and other "ingredients" to produce composite materials. Introduction to Wood and Natural Fiber Composites draws together widely scattered information concerning fundamental concepts and technical applications, essential to the manufacture of wood and natural fiber composites. The topics addressed include basic information on the chemical and physical composition of wood and other lignocellulosic materials, the behavior of these materials under thermocompression processes, fundamentals of adhesion, specific adhesive systems used to manufacture composite materials, and an overview of the industrial technologies used to manufacture major product categories. The book concludes with a chapter on the burgeoning field of natural fiber-plastic composites. Introduction to Wood and Natural Fiber Composites is a valuable resource for upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students studying forest products and wood science, as well as for practicing professionals working in operational areas of wood- and natural-fiber processing. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs Topics covered include: Overview of lignocellulosic material, their chemical and physical composition Consolidation behavior of wood and fiber in response to heat and pressure Fundamentals of adhesion Adhesives used to bond wood and lignocellulosic composites Manufacturing technology of major product types Fiber/plastic composites

Application of Wood Composites

Application of Wood Composites Book
Author : Roman Réh,Ľubos Krisťák
Publisher : Mdpi AG
Release : 2021-09-23
ISBN : 9783036517728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood composites, i.e., any wood material adhesively bonded together, are a key material for furniture and construction, as well as other uses. Wood composites range from fiberboard to laminated beams. The basic elements for wood composites are fibers, usually with larger wood particles and veneers composed of many fibers, varying in size and geometry. Controlling their characteristics and variations provides the chief means by which materials are fabricated with predetermined properties. This Special Issue addresses various aspects, including reinforced composite structures, advanced functionalities in laminates, the activation of natural fibers, natural matrices, and other industrial manufacturing research advancements in wood materials as composites.

Structure and Properties of Wood Polymer Composites WPC

Structure and Properties of Wood Polymer Composites  WPC  Book
Author : Alexander Askadskii,Andrey Askadskii,Tatyana Matseevich
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2019-03-05
ISBN : 1527530655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At present, the use of polymer composites filled with wood (WPC) is becoming increasingly popular. In particular, flooring of terraced premises, siding, decorative fences, fence systems, steps, universal profiles, among others are made from WPC. In 1977, the first enterprise for the production of WPC appeared in Sweden. The first experience was not very successful – the demand turned out to be low, and the wear of technological equipment was very high. Therefore, developments in this field were resumed only in the 1990s and continue to this day. This book describes the basic physical and mechanical properties of modern WPC, such as tensile and compression strength, and hardness. Also, the influence of climatic factors on the performance properties of products from WPC is described, while the thermal and rheological properties of WPC materials are considered, which directly affect the consumer characteristics of the products. The book contains theoretical developments related to the prediction of the mechanical and thermal properties of polymers and composites. The Van der Waals volume and the energy of the intermolecular interaction are estimated. This book will be of interest to representatives of the WPC market, designers, and architects, as well as technology engineers, students and post-graduate students of higher educational institutions in the fields of chemistry and physics of composite polymer materials.

Fatigue in Composites

Fatigue in Composites Book
Author : B. Harris
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-10-31
ISBN : 1855738570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This major handbook is the first authoritative survey of current knowledge of fatigue behaviour of composites. It deals in detail with a wide range of problems met by designers in the automotive, marine and structural engineering industries. Compiled from the contributions of some of the best-known researchers in the field, it provides an invaluable, practical and encyclopaedic handbook covering recent developments. Comprehensively discusses the problems of fatigue in composites met by designers in the aerospace, marine and structural engineering industries Provides a general introduction on fatigue in composites before reviewing current research on micromechanical aspects Analyses various types of composites with respect to fatigue behaviour and testing and provides in-depth coverage of life-prediction models for constant variable stresses

Composites with Micro and Nano Structure

Composites with Micro  and Nano Structure Book
Author : Vladimír Kompiš
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-02-18
ISBN : 1402069758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents new results in the knowledge and simulations for composite nano-materials. It includes selected, extended papers presented in the thematic ECCOMAS conference on Composites with Micro- and Nano-Structure (CMNS) – Computational Modelling and Experiments. It contains atomistic and continuum numerical methods and experimental validation for composite materials reinforced with particles or fibres, porous materials, homogenization and other important topics.

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites Book
Author : A. K. Kulshreshtha,Cornelia Vasile
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781859572498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites book written by A. K. Kulshreshtha,Cornelia Vasile, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Paper and Composites from Agro Based Resources

Paper and Composites from Agro Based Resources Book
Author : Roger M. Rowell,Judith Rowell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-10-15
ISBN : 9781566702355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable development is an important concept underlying many of today's renewable resource policies. Agro-based resources, such as wood, make up a significant portion of modern renewable resources. While probably the most familiar example, wood is only one type of agromass in the vast world of photosynthetic resources. Paper and Composites from Agro-Based Resources explores the great number of options available for producing paper and composites. Using sound ecosystem management principles, the book discusses strategies for obtaining fiber from plant-based resources including agricultural crops and residues, grasses, and recycled agro-based resources, in addition to wood.

Eco Friendly Adhesives for Wood and Natural Fiber Composites

Eco Friendly Adhesives for Wood and Natural Fiber Composites Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Tanveer Ahmed Khan,Mohammed Nasir,Mohammad Asim
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-21
ISBN : 981334749X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of eco-friendly resins and their composite materials covering their synthesis, sources, structures and properties for different industrial applications to support the ongoing research and development in eco-friendly and renewable commercial products. It provides comparative discussions on the properties of eco-friendly resins with other polymer composites. It is a useful reference on bio-based eco-friendly polymer resins, wood-based composites, natural fibers and biomass materials for the polymer scientists, engineers and material scientists.

Fourth Canada Japan Workshop on Composites

Fourth Canada Japan Workshop on Composites Book
Author : Suong V. Hoa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-09-23
ISBN : 1000153630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While this proceedings volume deals primarily with the conventional areas of metal, ceramic, and polymer composites for civil construction, several of the papers report on new developments in the emerging fields of wood and nanocomposites. The 63 papers from the September 2002 workshop includes the further integration of the fabrication and function processes, aspects of the scale of components which improve the competitive position of composites relative to conventional materials and the exploitation of new types of composite such as nanocomposites which exploit a variety of new length scales to achieve their functionality. This also gives rise to multifunctional composites which have attributes other than structural properties. In this talk these aspects of the future of composites will be explored and illustrated.

Durability and Life Prediction in Biocomposites Fibre Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites

Durability and Life Prediction in Biocomposites  Fibre Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq,Naheed Saba
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-09-13
ISBN : 0081022980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Durability and Life Prediction in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites focuses on the advanced characterization techniques used for the analysis of composite materials developed from natural fiber/biomass, synthetic fibers and a combination of these materials used as fillers and reinforcements to enhance materials performance and utilization in automotive, aerospace, construction and building components. The book presents key aspects of fracture and failure in natural/synthetic, fiber reinforced, polymer based composite materials, ranging from crack propagation, to crack growth, and from notch-size effect, to damage-tolerant design. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

Properties and Performance of Natural Fibre Composites

Properties and Performance of Natural Fibre Composites Book
Author : Kim Pickering
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-06-23
ISBN : 1845694597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concern about global warming has led to renewed interest in the more sustainable use of natural fibres in composite materials. This important book reviews the wealth of recent research into improving the mechanical properties of natural-fibre thermoplastic composites so that they can be more widely used. The first part of the book provides an overview of the main types of natural fibres used in composites, how they are processed and, in particular, the way the fibre-matrix interface can be engineered to improve performance. Part two discusses the increasing use of natural-fibre composites in such areas as automotive and structural engineering, packaging and the energy sector. The final part of the book discusses ways of assessing the mechanical performance of natural-fibre composites. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Properties and performance of natural-fibre composites is a valuable reference for all those using these important materials in such areas as automotive and structural engineering. Provides an overview of the types of natural fibres used in composites Discusses fibre-matrix interface and how it can be engineered to improve performance Examines the increasing use of natural-fibre composites in automotive and structural engineering and the packaging and energy sector