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Wildland Fires And Air Pollution

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Wildland Fires and Air Pollution

Wildland Fires and Air Pollution Book
Author : Andrzej Bytnerowicz,Michael Arbaugh,Allen Riebau,Christian Andersen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0080556094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wildland fires are one of the most devastating and terrifying forces of nature. While their effects are mostly destructive they also help with regeneration of forests and other ecosystems. Low-intensity fires clear accumulating biomass reducing risk of catastrophic crown fires and can be used as an effective management tool. This book presents current understanding of wildland fires and air quality as well as their effects on human health, forests and other ecosystems. in the first section of the book the basics of wildland fires and resulting emissions are presented from the perspective of changing global climate, air quality impairment and effects on environmental and human health and security. in the second section, effects of wildland fires on air quality, visibility and human health in various regions of the Earth are discussed. The third section of the book deals with complex issues of the ecological impacts of fires and air pollution in forests and chaparral in North America. The fourth section discusses various management issues facing land and fire managers which are related to wildfires, use of prescribed fires, and air quality. This section also presents various modeling systems used for describing fire dangers and behavior as well as smoke and air pollution predictions applied in the risk assessment analysis. The book concludes with a series of expert recommendations for wildland fire and atmospheric research.

Wildland Fire Smoke in the United States

Wildland Fire Smoke in the United States Book
Author : David L. Peterson,Sarah M. McCaffrey,Toral Patel-Weynand
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-11
ISBN : 3030870456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book synthesizes current information on wildland fire smoke in the United States, providing a scientific foundation for addressing the production of smoke from wildland fires. This will be increasingly critical as smoke exposure and degraded air quality are expected to increase in extent and severity in a warmer climate. Accurate smoke information is a foundation for helping individuals and communities to effectively mitigate potential smoke impacts from wildfires and prescribed fires. The book documents our current understanding of smoke science for (1) primary physical, chemical, and biological issues related to wildfire and prescribed fire, (2) key social issues, including human health and economic impacts, and (3) current and anticipated management and regulatory issues. Each chapter provides a summary of priorities for future research that provide a roadmap for developing scientific information that can improve smoke and fire management over the next decade.

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems Book
Author : David V. Sandberg
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2009-09
ISBN : 1437915574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wildland fire is an integral part of ecosystem mgmt. and is essential in maintaining functional ecosystems, but air pollutants emitted from those fires can be harmful to human health and welfare. This review of what is known about the effects of fire on air quality will assist those in the fire and air quality mgmt. communities. Contents: (1) Intro.; Scope; Framework; Prior Work; Changes in Fire Policy; (2) Air Quality Regulations and Fire; (3) Overview of Air Pollution from Fire; (4) Characterization of Emissions from Fires; (5) Transport, Dispersion, and Modeling of Fire Emissions; (6) Atmospheric and Plume Chemistry; (7) Estimating the Air Quality Impacts of Fire; (8) Consequences of Fire on Air Quality; (9) Recommend. for Future Research. Illus.

Implications of the California Wildfires for Health Communities and Preparedness

Implications of the California Wildfires for Health  Communities  and Preparedness Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Environmental Health Services, Research, and Medicine,Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity,Roundtable on Population Health Improvement,Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Disasters and Emergencies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 0309499879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

California and other wildfire-prone western states have experienced a substantial increase in the number and intensity of wildfires in recent years. Wildlands and climate experts expect these trends to continue and quite likely to worsen in coming years. Wildfires and other disasters can be particularly devastating for vulnerable communities. Members of these communities tend to experience worse health outcomes from disasters, have fewer resources for responding and rebuilding, and receive less assistance from state, local, and federal agencies. Because burning wood releases particulate matter and other toxicants, the health effects of wildfires extend well beyond burns. In addition, deposition of toxicants in soil and water can result in chronic as well as acute exposures. On June 4-5, 2019, four different entities within the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop titled Implications of the California Wildfires for Health, Communities, and Preparedness at the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at the University of California, Davis. The workshop explored the population health, environmental health, emergency preparedness, and health equity consequences of increasingly strong and numerous wildfires, particularly in California. This publication is a summary of the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

Forest Fires

Forest Fires Book
Author : Edward A. Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-03-01
ISBN : 0080506747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Even before the myth of Prometheus, fire played a crucial ecological role around the world. Numerous plant communities depend on fire to generate species diversity in both time and space. Without fire such ecosystems would become sterile monocultures. Recent efforts to prohibit fire in fire dependent communities have contributed to more intense and more damaging fires. For these reasons, foresters, ecologists, land managers, geographers, and environmental scientists are interested in the behavior and ecological effects of fires. This book will be the first to focus on the chemistry and physics of fire as it relates to the ways in which fire behaves and the impacts it has on ecosystem function. Leading international contributors have been recruited by the editors to prepare a didactic text/reference that will appeal to both advanced students and practicing professionals.

Particulate Matter Science for Policy Makers

Particulate Matter Science for Policy Makers Book
Author : Peter H. McMurry,Marjorie F. Shepherd,James S. Vickery
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2004-11-29
ISBN : 9780521842877
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concise, comprehensive volume on airborne particulate matter for policy makers and scientists.

Air Pollution Episodes

Air Pollution Episodes Book
Author : Brimblecombe Peter
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-09-05
ISBN : 1786343428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Air Pollution Episodes book written by Brimblecombe Peter, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Wildfire Policy

Wildfire Policy Book
Author : Dean Lueck,Karen M. Bradshaw
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1136520600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the five decades since its origin, law and economics has provided an influential framework for addressing a wide array of areas of law ranging from judicial behaviour to contracts. This book will reflects the first-ever forum for law and economics scholars to apply the analysis and methodologies of their field to the subject of wildfire. The only modern legal work on wildfire, the book brings together leading scholars to consider questions such as: How can public policy address the effects of climate change on wildfire, and wildfire on climate change? Are the environmental and fiscal costs of ex ante prevention measures justified? What are the appropriate levels of prevention and suppression responsibility borne by private, state, and federal actors? Can tort liability provide a solution for realigning the grossly distorted incentives that currently exist for private landowners and government firefighters? Do the existing incentives in wildfire institutions provide incentives for efficient private and collective action and how might they be improved?

Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems

Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems Book
Author : Emilio Chuvieco
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-25
ISBN : 9783642017544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wildland fires are becoming one of the most critical environmental factors affecting a wide range of ecosystems worldwide. In Mediterranean ecosystems (including also South-Africa, California, parts of Chile and Australia), wildland fires are recurrent phenomena every summer, following the seasonal drought. As a result of changes in traditional land use practices, and the impact of recent climate warming, fires have more negative impacts in the last years, threatening lives, socio-economic and ecological values. The book describes the ecological context of fires in the Mediterranean ecosystems, and provides methods to observe fire danger conditions and fire impacts using Earth Observation and Geographic Information System technologies.

Forest Fuels Prescribed Fire and Air Quality

Forest Fuels  Prescribed Fire  and Air Quality Book
Author : Joseph Alfred Hall
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Forest Fuels Prescribed Fire and Air Quality book written by Joseph Alfred Hall, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Climate Change and Air Pollution

Climate Change and Air Pollution Book
Author : Rais Akhtar,Cosimo Palagiano
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-05
ISBN : 3319613464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses regional and international climate-change, air- pollution and human-health scenarios. The research, from both industrialized and developing countries, focuses on region-specific perspectives of climate change impacts on air pollution. After analyzing the variations of climate data over recent decades, the authors consider the different effects of climate change on air pollution and health. As stressed by the IPCC, “pollen, smoke and ozone levels are likely to increase in a warming world, affecting the health of residents of major cities. Rising temperatures will worsen air quality through a combination of more ozone in cities, bigger wild fires and worse pollen outbreaks,” according to a major UN climate report. The report follows the World Health Organization in finding that air pollution is the world’s greatest environmental health risk, killing 7 million people in 2014 (compared to 0.4 million deaths due to malaria). Deteriorating air quality will most affect the elderly, children, people with chronic ill-health and expectant mothers. Another report suggests that more than 5.5 million people die prematurely each year due to air pollution with over half of those deaths occurring in China and India. A study on the air pollution in the USA,suggests that more than half of US population lives in areas with potentially dangerous air pollution, and about six out of 10 of the top cities for air pollution in the USA are located in the state of California. In the face of future climate change, scientists have urged stronger emission controls to avoid worsening air pollution and the associated exacerbation of health problems, especially in more populated regions of the world. It is hoped that the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement will help minimize air pollution. Additionally the authors consider the various measures that different countries and groups of countries, like the European Union, have adopted to mitigate the problems arising from climate change and to safeguard the health of population. The book examines the increasing incidence of diseases largely caused by climate change. The countries/regions covered in this study include the USA, Northern Europe (U.K).,Southern Europe ( Italy), Canada, Australia, East Asia, Russia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, South Africa, Mexico, Brazil, Caribbean countries, and Argentina.

National Strategic Plan

National Strategic Plan Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download National Strategic Plan book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modelling Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires III

Modelling  Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires III Book
Author : C. A. Brebbia,Giovanni Perona
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1845645847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forest fires analysis and mitigation requires the development of computer codes that can take into consideration a large number of different parameters. The papers in this book, presented at the third in a successful series on the topic, cover the latest research and applications of available computational tools to analyse and predict the spread of forest fires in an attempt to prevent or reduce major loss of life and property as well as damage to the environment. Featured topics include: Risk and Vulnerability Assessment; Computational Methods and Experiments; Environmental Impact Models; Air Pollution and Health Risk Models; Eco-Remediation Models; Decision Support Systems;Monitoring Systems; Emergency Response Systems; Economic Impact; Human Behaviour and Education, Rural-Urban Interface; Case Studies.

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This state-of-knowledge review about the effects of fire on air quality can assist land, fire, and air resource managers with fire and smoke planning, and their efforts to explain to others the science behind fire-related program policies and practices to improve air quality. Chapter topics include air quality regulations and fire; characterization of emissions from fire; the transport, dispersion, and modeling of fire emissions; atmospheric and plume chemistry; air quality impacts of fire; social consequences of air quality impacts; and recommendations for future research.

Smoke Management Guide for Prescribed and Wildland Fire

Smoke Management Guide for Prescribed and Wildland Fire Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Smoke Management Guide for Prescribed and Wildland Fire book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change

Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change Book
Author : Bhaskar Ramachandran,Christopher O. Justice,Michael J. Abrams
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-12-14
ISBN : 1441967494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change: The Science of ASTER and MODIS is an edited compendium of contributions dealing with ASTER and MODIS satellite sensors aboard NASA's Terra and Aqua platforms launched as part of the Earth Observing System fleet in 1999 and 2002 respectively. This volume is divided into six sections. The first three sections provide insights into the history, philosophy, and evolution of the EOS, ASTER and MODIS instrument designs and calibration mechanisms, and the data systems components used to manage and provide the science data and derived products. The latter three sections exclusively deal with ASTER and MODIS data products and their applications, and the future of these two classes of remotely sensed observations.

Climate Change the Indoor Environment and Health

Climate Change  the Indoor Environment  and Health Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Effect of Climate Change on Indoor Air Quality and Public Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-10-01
ISBN : 0309209412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The indoor environment affects occupants' health and comfort. Poor environmental conditions and indoor contaminants are estimated to cost the U.S. economy tens of billions of dollars a year in exacerbation of illnesses like asthma, allergic symptoms, and subsequent lost productivity. Climate change has the potential to affect the indoor environment because conditions inside buildings are influenced by conditions outside them. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health addresses the impacts that climate change may have on the indoor environment and the resulting health effects. It finds that steps taken to mitigate climate change may cause or exacerbate harmful indoor environmental conditions. The book discusses the role the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) should take in informing the public, health professionals, and those in the building industry about potential risks and what can be done to address them. The study also recommends that building codes account for climate change projections; that federal agencies join to develop or refine protocols and testing standards for evaluating emissions from materials, furnishings, and appliances used in buildings; and that building weatherization efforts include consideration of health effects. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health is written primarily for the EPA and other federal agencies, organizations, and researchers with interests in public health; the environment; building design, construction, and operation; and climate issues.

Indonesia s Fires and Haze

Indonesia s Fires and Haze Book
Author : David Glover
Publisher : IDRC
Release : 2006
ISBN : 1552503321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From September to November of 1997, raging fires in Indonesia pumped enough smoke into the air to blanket the entire region in haze, reaching as far north as southern Thailand and the Philippines, with Malaysia and Singapore being particularly affected. This book conservatively assesses the damage at US $4.5 billion, more than the Exxon Valdez oil spill and India's Bhopal chemical spill combined. It looks at the causes of the fires, the physical damages that resulted, and their effects on heath, industrial production, and tourism, among others.

Canadian Wildland Fire Strategy

Canadian Wildland Fire Strategy Book
Author : Peter L. Fuglem,Kelvin G. Hirsch,Canadian Council of Forest Ministers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"In September 2004, the Canadian Council of Forest Ministers established a federal, provincial, and territorial task group of assistant deputy ministers (ADMs) and commissioned the development of the Canadian Wildland Fire Strategy (CWFS). The ADMs created an intergovernmental team of analysts, experienced fire managers, and researchers, known as the CWFS Core Team, to consult with Canadian and international experts, collate information, conduct analyses, and present the findings. This team was directed to assess the current state of wildland fire management in Canada, examine the key influences and trends, and identify possible desired future states and how they could be achieved. This publication comprises a collection of nine reports written by the CWFS Core Team members and their associates. Collectively these papers include syntheses, analyses, and perspective articles that address a variety of the social, economic, and biophysical aspects of wildland fire and its management as well as policy, science, and operational issues in Canada."--Pub. desc.

Smoke Exposure at Western Wildfires

Smoke Exposure at Western Wildfires Book
Author : Timothy E. Reinhardt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Smoke Exposure at Western Wildfires book written by Timothy E. Reinhardt, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.