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What Were the Twin Towers

What Were the Twin Towers  Book
Author : Jim O'Connor,Who HQ
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2016-05-10
ISBN : 0451532775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover the true story of the Twin Towers—how they came to be the tallest buildings in the world and why they were destroyed. When the Twin Towers were built in 1973, they were billed as an architectural wonder. At 1,368 feet, they clocked in as the tallest buildings in the world and changed the New York City skyline dramatically. Offices and corporations moved into the towers—also known as the World Trade Center—and the buildings were seen as the economic hub of the world. But on September 11, 2001, a terrorist attack toppled the towers and changed our nation forever. Discover the whole story of the Twin Towers—from their ambitious construction to their tragic end.

The Twin Towers

The Twin Towers Book
Author : Charles River Charles River Editors
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2016-02-23
ISBN : 9781530200214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

*Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the construction and history of the Twin Towers *Covers the destruction of the World Trade Center during 9/11 *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "The World Trade Center site will forever hold a special place in our city, in our hearts. " - New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg Before its destruction in the attacks on September 11, 2001, the World Trade Center in New York consisted of two of the world's most recognizable buildings, representing the strength and wealth of New York City in particular and the United States in general. That was the goal all along for philanthropist David Rockefeller, who had largely self-financed the development of One Chase Manhattan Plaza in the late 1950s in the hopes that the 70 story skyscraper would help spur further development nearby. Rockefeller envisioned Lower Manhattan as the site of a global financial center, full of stock exchanges, brokerages, investment banks, law firms, and other financial businesses. The name "World Trade Center," when spoken by an American, tends to conjure up the best and worst about the nation. The idea for such a financial center was conceived of in the heady days of post-World War II prosperity, when the nation's financial prospects had never looked better and Americans were trading all over the world with both former allies and enemies. At the same time, many in New York City, one of the jewels of the East Coast, had fallen on hard times, and it was hoped that the World Trade Center would revitalize Lower Manhattan and bring the Big Apple a bigger share of the prosperity the world was enjoying. Likewise, the center was designed by men steeped in the modern era, when architects could build skyscrapers as opposed to simple office complexes. As it would turn out, by the time construction on the buildings began, there were ominous clouds in the political and financial skies. The prosperity that had inspired its construction had given way to a financial malaise unlike any seen since the Great Depression, and many people were offended that money that could have gone to social programs was being used to build more office space. There was also political unrest, as many criticized the country's involvement in Vietnam. By the time the Twin Towers and the rest of the World Trade Center were completed, the project was considered by many to be not only a symbol of American prosperity but also another sign of capitalist greed. For 30 years, the Twin Towers were the most dramatic features of the New York skyline, and for a short while one of the towers could boast of being the tallest building in the world. People came from around the world to visit them for both business and pleasure, and while most days were busy but uneventful, there were exceptions. A stunt seemingly featuring a man dancing in the sky humanized and popularized the buildings, and they began to prosper, just as the nation itself would rise again out of the mire of the 1970s. Almost as quickly, a fire threatened the North Tower in 1975. In 1977, a man decided to scale the side of the South Tower, and in 1983, a fireman completed a stunt designed to warn people about the impossibility of evacuating everyone in case of emergency. Fatefully, the fireman's efforts fell on largely deaf ears, as no one could conceive of the need for such efforts. As everyone now knows, the World Trade Center could have stood for a century or more but didn't last half that long, because what they symbolically represented made them a physical target. The Twin Towers survived the first violent attack in 1993, but less than a decade later they were gone, the initial victims of a war still raging. The World Trade Center would be rebuilt, but New York City would never look the same again.

The Twin Towers

The Twin Towers Book
Author : Charles River Charles River Editors
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2018-02-25
ISBN : 9781985884199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

*Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the construction and history of the Twin Towers *Covers the destruction of the World Trade Center during 9/11 *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "The World Trade Center site will forever hold a special place in our city, in our hearts. " - New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg Before its destruction in the attacks on September 11, 2001, the World Trade Center in New York consisted of two of the world's most recognizable buildings, representing the strength and wealth of New York City in particular and the United States in general. That was the goal all along for philanthropist David Rockefeller, who had largely self-financed the development of One Chase Manhattan Plaza in the late 1950s in the hopes that the 70 story skyscraper would help spur further development nearby. Rockefeller envisioned Lower Manhattan as the site of a global financial center, full of stock exchanges, brokerages, investment banks, law firms, and other financial businesses. The name "World Trade Center," when spoken by an American, tends to conjure up the best and worst about the nation. The idea for such a financial center was conceived of in the heady days of post-World War II prosperity, when the nation's financial prospects had never looked better and Americans were trading all over the world with both former allies and enemies. At the same time, many in New York City, one of the jewels of the East Coast, had fallen on hard times, and it was hoped that the World Trade Center would revitalize Lower Manhattan and bring the Big Apple a bigger share of the prosperity the world was enjoying. Likewise, the center was designed by men steeped in the modern era, when architects could build skyscrapers as opposed to simple office complexes. As it would turn out, by the time construction on the buildings began, there were ominous clouds in the political and financial skies. The prosperity that had inspired its construction had given way to a financial malaise unlike any seen since the Great Depression, and many people were offended that money that could have gone to social programs was being used to build more office space. There was also political unrest, as many criticized the country's involvement in Vietnam. By the time the Twin Towers and the rest of the World Trade Center were completed, the project was considered by many to be not only a symbol of American prosperity but also another sign of capitalist greed. For 30 years, the Twin Towers were the most dramatic features of the New York skyline, and for a short while one of the towers could boast of being the tallest building in the world. People came from around the world to visit them for both business and pleasure, and while most days were busy but uneventful, there were exceptions. A stunt seemingly featuring a man dancing in the sky humanized and popularized the buildings, and they began to prosper, just as the nation itself would rise again out of the mire of the 1970s. Almost as quickly, a fire threatened the North Tower in 1975. In 1977, a man decided to scale the side of the South Tower, and in 1983, a fireman completed a stunt designed to warn people about the impossibility of evacuating everyone in case of emergency. Fatefully, the fireman's efforts fell on largely deaf ears, as no one could conceive of the need for such efforts. As everyone now knows, the World Trade Center could have stood for a century or more but didn't last half that long, because what they symbolically represented made them a physical target. The Twin Towers survived the first violent attack in 1993, but less than a decade later they were gone, the initial victims of a war still raging. The World Trade Center would be rebuilt, but New York City would never look the same again.

The Freedom Tower

The Freedom Tower Book
Author : Charles River Charles River Editors
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2016-02-16
ISBN : 9781530061792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

*Includes pictures *Includes accounts describing the origins and construction process *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "I consider part of lower Manhattan to be hallowed ground. Nearly 3,000 people lost their lives in the World Trade Center towers... and for that reason alone, our nation should make absolutely sure that what gets built on 'Ground Zero' is an inspiring tribute to all who loved the Twin Towers, worked in them, and died there." - David Shuster Since the earliest days of recorded human history, people have constructed buildings not just to provide shelter but to send a message. The earliest texts of Judaism speak of the patriarchs building to mark a place or event, while the Mayan leaders of South America built ziggurats not only to sacrifice their enemies but also to demonstrate their power to others. The Arc de Triomphe in France is just that, an arch to mark France's triumph over both its enemies and itself during the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. It should come as no surprise that in the dark days following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, New York City began searching for some way to demonstrate its recovery and resolve. The obvious way to do just that was to rebuild what had been destroyed. Since there was no way to bring back the lives of those lost, the most straightforward path was to rebuild the Twin Towers that had fallen, but there was more to be done than to just rebuild the lost Twin Towers; the new building was to be bigger, taller, and better than before, as everyone hoped the country would somehow be. In the decade that followed, the first of a new millennium, the Freedom Tower experienced many of the same ups and downs that the nation did. Plans to rebuild it were met with the same level of controversy as those to fight the war on terror. Likewise, its popularity ebbed and flowed with the fickle hearts of a people grown weary with fighting an enemy overseas and a poor economy at home. Political parties rose into and fell out of power, changing again and again the environment in which the builders were trying to work. At some points, it seemed that the project would never end. Fortunately, the building itself finally knew victory and opened to the public, much as it seems the United States will has made some inroads in the war against terror. At the same time, there is much left to do on both fronts, as the owners of One World Trade Center continue to try to rent out the space they have created, and those fighting terrorism at home and abroad continue to try to weed out the last vestiges of those who wish the nation ill. Ultimately, the final outcome on both fronts remains unknown, though much of the same spirit of patriotism and determination drives the leaders of the nation and the Center on to a much hoped for victory. Those who continue to wait wish them Godspeed, as they look on from a distance and close up at the flag flying at the top of the trade center and over the hills of Afghanistan. The Freedom Tower: The History of New York City's One World Trade Center looks at the construction history of the Twin Towers' replacement. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Freedom Tower like never before, in no time at all.

The World Trade Center

The World Trade Center Book
Author : Charles River Charles River Editors
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2016-02-23
ISBN : 9781530200290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

*Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the construction and history of the Twin Towers and Freedom Tower *Chronicles the destruction of the World Trade Center on 9/11 and the plans to rebuild it *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "The World Trade Center site will forever hold a special place in our city, in our hearts. " - New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg The name "World Trade Center," when spoken by an American, tends to conjure up the best and worst about the nation. The idea for such a financial center was conceived of in the heady days of post-World War II prosperity, when the nation's financial prospects had never looked better and Americans were trading all over the world with both former allies and enemies. At the same time, many in New York City, one of the jewels of the East Coast, had fallen on hard times, and it was hoped that the World Trade Center would revitalize Lower Manhattan and bring the Big Apple a bigger share of the prosperity the world was enjoying. Likewise, the center was designed by men steeped in the modern era, when architects could build skyscrapers as opposed to simple office complexes. For 30 years, the Twin Towers were the most dramatic features of the New York skyline, and for a short while one of the towers could boast of being the tallest building in the world. People came from around the world to visit them for both business and pleasure, and while most days were busy but uneventful, there were exceptions. A stunt seemingly featuring a man dancing in the sky humanized and popularized the buildings, and they began to prosper, just as the nation itself would rise again out of the mire of the 1970s. Almost as quickly, a fire threatened the North Tower in 1975. In 1977, a man decided to scale the side of the South Tower, and in 1983, a fireman completed a stunt designed to warn people about the impossibility of evacuating everyone in case of emergency. Fatefully, the fireman's efforts fell on largely deaf ears, as no one could conceive of the need for such efforts. As everyone now knows, the World Trade Center could have stood for a century or more but didn't last half that long, because what they symbolically represented made them a physical target. The Twin Towers survived the first violent attack in 1993, but less than a decade later they were gone, the initial victims of a war still raging. The World Trade Center would be rebuilt, but New York City would never look the same again. It should come as no surprise that in the dark days following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, New York City began searching for some way to demonstrate its recovery and resolve. The obvious way to do just that was to rebuild what had been destroyed. Since there was no way to bring back the lives of those lost, the most straightforward path was to rebuild the Twin Towers that had fallen, but there was more to be done than to just rebuild the lost Twin Towers; the new building was to be bigger, taller, and better than before, as everyone hoped the country would somehow be. In the decade that followed, the first of a new millennium, the Freedom Tower experienced many of the same ups and downs that the nation did. Plans to rebuild it were met with the same level of controversy as those to fight the war on terror. Likewise, its popularity ebbed and flowed with the fickle hearts of a people grown weary with fighting an enemy overseas and a poor economy at home. Political parties rose into and fell out of power, changing again and again the environment in which the builders were trying to work. At some points, it seemed that the project would never end. The World Trade Center: The History of the Construction, Destruction, and Rebirth of a New York City Landmark looks at the history of one of a Big Apple icon. Along with pictures and more, you will learn about the World Trade Center like never before.

What Were the Twin Towers

What Were the Twin Towers Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-01-23
ISBN : 9781531197407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download What Were the Twin Towers book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The World Trade Center Construction of an American Icon

The World Trade Center  Construction of an American Icon Book
Author : Author Daniel Sassa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-02-27
ISBN : 9781388313432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complete construction documentary spanning from 1967 to 1979. Contained within are nearly 300 color photographs which depict the former World Trade Center twin towers construction. Hands down the most extensive photographic history of the Twin's construction still in existence. Each photo has never been published before and each one is unique and extraordinary. Photographs show the destruction of "Radio Row" in lower Manhattan, to excavation and steel erection, each stage until each tower's topping out!! A brief history of the towers political hurdles and the complexity that went into building them is also included to complement these photographs. A half-century ago The World Trade Center was constructed. Under normal circumstances, The World Trade Center's should have stood for centuries. Unfortunately, they were gruesomely destroyed after only 30 years of having graced the Manhattan Skyline. This historical account documents the twins birth!!

102 Minutes

102 Minutes Book
Author : Jim Dwyer,Kevin Flynn
Publisher : Macmillan
Release : 2011-08-02
ISBN : 9781429996891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"102 Minutes does for the September 11 catastrophe what Walter Lord did for the Titanic in his masterpiece, A Night to Remember . . . Searing, poignant, and utterly compelling."—Rick Atkinson, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of An Army at Dawn Hailed upon its hardcover publication as an instant classic, the critically acclaimed New York Times bestseller 102 Minutes is now available in a revised edition timed to honor the tenth anniversary of the attacks of September 11, 2001. At 8:46 a.m. that morning, fourteen thouosand people were inside the World Trade Center just starting their workdays, but over the next 102 minutes, each would become part of a drama for the ages. Of the millions of words written about this wrenching day, most were told from the outside looking in. New York Times reporters Jim Dwyer and Kevin Flynn draw on hundreds of interviews with rescuers and survivors, thousands of pages of oral histories, and countless phone, e-mail, and emergency radio transcripts to tell the story of September 11 from the inside looking out. Dwyer and Flynn have woven an epic and unforgettable account of the struggle, determination, and grace of the ordinary men and women who made 102 minutes count as never before. 102 Minutes is a 2005 National Book Award Finalist for Nonfiction.

Once More to the Sky

Once More to the Sky Book
Author : Scott Raab,Joe Woolhead
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2021-08-31
ISBN : 1982176202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The powerful story of the rebuilding of the World Trade Center, featuring dozens of never-before-seen color photos by the official site photographer. In late 2014, One World Trade Center—or the Freedom Tower—opened for business. It took nearly ten years, cost roughly four billion dollars, and required the sweat, strength, and stamina of hundreds of construction workers, digging deep below the earth’s surface and dangling high in the air. It suffered setbacks that would’ve most likely scuttled any other project, including the ousting of a famed architect, the relocation of the building’s footprints due to security reasons, and the internecine feuding of various politicians and governing bodies. And yet however over budget and over deadline, it ultimately got built, and today it serves as a 1,776-foot reminder of what America is capable of when we put aside our differences and pull together for a common cause. No writer followed the building of the Freedom Tower more closely than Esquire’s Scott Raab. Between 2005 and 2015, Raab published a landmark ten-part series about the construction. He shadowed both the suits in their boardrooms and the hardhats in their earthmoving equipment, and chronicled it all in exquisite prose. While familiar names abound—Andrew Cuomo, Chris Christie, Mike Bloomberg and Larry Silverstein, the real estate developer who only a few weeks before 9/11 signed a ninety-nine-year, $3.2 billion lease on the World Trade Center—just as memorable are the not-so-famous. People such as Bryan Lyons, a Yonkers-born engineer who lost his firefighter brother on 9/11 and served as a superintendent on the rebuilding effort. And Charlie Wolf, whose wife was killed in the North Tower and who, in one of the series’ most powerful scenes, weeps on a policeman’s shoulder after delivering her hairbrush and toothbrush for DNA samples. Once More to the Sky collects all ten original pieces along with a new epilogue from Raab about what’s happened in the years since the Freedom Tower was completed, and why it remains such an important symbol. The four-color book also features dozens of photos—many never-before-seen—and a prologue from photographer Joe Woolhead, the official site photographer for the World Trade Center’s rebuilding. Publishing to coincide with the twentieth anniversary of 9/11, it is a moving tribute to American resolve and ingenuity.

Twin Towers Terror and Love Stories

Twin Towers   Terror and Love Stories Book
Author : Yommi Eini
Publisher : Rapha Publishing
Release : 2005-08
ISBN : 9780976368694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Twin Towers Terror and Love Stories book written by Yommi Eini, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Twin Towers Remembered

Twin Towers Remembered Book
Author : Camilo J. Vergara
Publisher : Princeton Architectural Press
Release : 2001-12
ISBN : 9781568983516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a collection of photographs of the World Trade Center taken over thirty years, featuring views of the skyline from throughout the region, closer looks at the buildings at different times, and shots of the tragedy.

The Petronas Twin Towers

The Petronas Twin Towers Book
Author : Mark Thomas
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780823959891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents information on the tallest buildings in the world, including their size and how they were built.

Molly and the Twin Towers

Molly and the Twin Towers Book
Author : Jessika Fleck
Publisher : Girls Survive
Release : 2021
ISBN : 1515882268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When the Twin Towers fall on September 11, 2001, blocks from her school, twelve-year-old Molly, unable to reach her dads or Gran, must find her seven-year-old sister, Adi, and get her safely home. Includes author's note, glossary, and discussion questions.

The Prophecy and the Warnings Shines Through the Mystifying Codes of the Holy Quran

The Prophecy and the Warnings Shines Through the Mystifying Codes of the Holy Quran Book
Author : Adel Awadalla
Publisher : Trafford Publishing
Release : 2004
ISBN : 141203079X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nostradamus (1503-1566), a Jewish-French physician and astrologer, wrote a book of over 900 predictions. A lot of these predictions came true. How could he get to this precision in his predictions? So, could Nostradamus make these predictions? And what books did he use? For someone to predict the future with this precision, he must be a man who knew the secret methods of predicting the future, as we will explain. The author will show you how these predictions came about, and how we can make our own predictions, and events about to happen. It's been said that the CIA uses the Bible and the Book of Revelation and other holy books as the backbone of all their plans and plots.

Permanent WTC PATH Terminal

Permanent WTC PATH Terminal Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Permanent WTC PATH Terminal book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Collapse

Collapse  Book
Author : Kirstin Cronn-Mills
Publisher : Capstone
Release : 2009-01-01
ISBN : 0756540615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collapse! is a Capstone Press publication.

The Freedom Tower

The Freedom Tower Book
Author : Charles River Editors
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2017-02-23
ISBN : 9781543293845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

*Includes pictures *Includes accounts describing the origins and construction process *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "I consider part of lower Manhattan to be hallowed ground. Nearly 3,000 people lost their lives in the World Trade Center towers... and for that reason alone, our nation should make absolutely sure that what gets built on 'Ground Zero' is an inspiring tribute to all who loved the Twin Towers, worked in them, and died there." - David Shuster Since the earliest days of recorded human history, people have constructed buildings not just to provide shelter but to send a message. The earliest texts of Judaism speak of the patriarchs building to mark a place or event, while the Mayan leaders of South America built ziggurats not only to sacrifice their enemies but also to demonstrate their power to others. The Arc de Triomphe in France is just that, an arch to mark France's triumph over both its enemies and itself during the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. It should come as no surprise that in the dark days following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, New York City began searching for some way to demonstrate its recovery and resolve. The obvious way to do just that was to rebuild what had been destroyed. Since there was no way to bring back the lives of those lost, the most straightforward path was to rebuild the Twin Towers that had fallen, but there was more to be done than to just rebuild the lost Twin Towers; the new building was to be bigger, taller, and better than before, as everyone hoped the country would somehow be. In the decade that followed, the first of a new millennium, the Freedom Tower experienced many of the same ups and downs that the nation did. Plans to rebuild it were met with the same level of controversy as those to fight the war on terror. Likewise, its popularity ebbed and flowed with the fickle hearts of a people grown weary with fighting an enemy overseas and a poor economy at home. Political parties rose into and fell out of power, changing again and again the environment in which the builders were trying to work. At some points, it seemed that the project would never end. Fortunately, the building itself finally knew victory and opened to the public, much as it seems the United States will has made some inroads in the war against terror. At the same time, there is much left to do on both fronts, as the owners of One World Trade Center continue to try to rent out the space they have created, and those fighting terrorism at home and abroad continue to try to weed out the last vestiges of those who wish the nation ill. Ultimately, the final outcome on both fronts remains unknown, though much of the same spirit of patriotism and determination drives the leaders of the nation and the Center on to a much hoped for victory. Those who continue to wait wish them Godspeed, as they look on from a distance and close up at the flag flying at the top of the trade center and over the hills of Afghanistan. The Freedom Tower: The History of New York City's One World Trade Center looks at the construction history of the Twin Towers' replacement. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Freedom Tower like never before, in no time at all.

From the Inside Out Harrowing Escapes from the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center

From the Inside Out  Harrowing Escapes from the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center Book
Author : Erik O. Ronningen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-07-03
ISBN : 9786210100945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Erik Ronningen was on the 71st floor of the North Tower on September 11, 2001 when American Airlines Flight 11 struck the building. After an incredible, near miraculous journey down through the acrid, smoke-filled building, Erik tried to get to the Security Command Center in the South Tower. Unable to do so, he was the last person to make it out of the South Tower alive.Here is the story of his harrowing escape interwoven with the accounts of fourteen others who were lucky enough to be able to recount them.Altogether, these accounts document the bravery and heroism, selflessness and generosity demonstrated by hundreds of people when their normal everyday lives were suddenly plunged into a fiery scramble for survival.The astonishing photograph on the cover of this book was taken by survivor Jim Usher as he lay on the concrete outside the WTC losing consciousness, so his family could see what he saw during what he thought were the last moments of his life. And yes, that flag was really there! This photograph has never before been made public.

The Freedom Tower and the Sears Tower

The Freedom Tower and the Sears Tower Book
Author : Charles River Editors
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 9781979828734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

*Includes pictures *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading Walking around Chicago today, it's easy to forget about its past as a rural frontier, and that's due in no small part to the way Chicago responded to the Great Fire of 1871. Immediately after the fire, Chicago encouraged inhabitants and architects to build over the ruins, spurring creative architecture with elaborate designs, and architects descended upon the city for the opportunity to rebuild the area. Over the next few decades, Chicago had been rebuilt with the country's most modern architecture and monuments, and the Windy City's skyscrapers reached over 20 stories by the early 20th century, but it wouldn't take long for the city to turn its early skyscrapers into things of the past. Burnham's 22 story high Masonic Temple Building, once the tallest building in the world, was demolished in favor of buildings that were twice as tall. Though it's technically named the Willis Tower today, Chicago's landmark is still best known as the Sears Tower, and Sears got a lot of bang for its buck. The Sears Tower only took two years to build at a cost of about $150 million, and it is still the second tallest building in America, a fact Chicagoans sharply debate after the Sears Tower was judged to be shorter than New York City's new Freedom Tower. In 1969, Sears wanted to create a large office space for its employees in the city, and they commissioned the firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill to design and build the structure. The firm conceived of the now famous design, in which the first 50 stories of the structure were connected by what are essentially nine separate tube shaped buildings. After the 50th story, seven of the nine tubes rise up to the 90th floor. From there, only two tubes rise to the building's 108th floor. This design gives the Sears Tower the appearance of a large building at ground level that gradually tapers off into a thinner rectangle at the top. It should come as no surprise that in the dark days following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, New York City began searching for some way to demonstrate its recovery and resolve. The obvious way to do just that was to rebuild what had been destroyed. Since there was no way to bring back the lives of those lost, the most straightforward path was to rebuild the Twin Towers that had fallen, but there was more to be done than to just rebuild the lost Twin Towers; the new building was to be bigger, taller, and better than before, as everyone hoped the country would somehow be. In the decade that followed, the first of a new millennium, the Freedom Tower experienced many of the same ups and downs that the nation did. Plans to rebuild it were met with the same level of controversy as those to fight the war on terror. Likewise, its popularity ebbed and flowed with the fickle hearts of a people grown weary with fighting an enemy overseas and a poor economy at home. Political parties rose into and fell out of power, changing again and again the environment in which the builders were trying to work. At some points, it seemed that the project would never end. Fortunately, the building itself finally knew victory and opened to the public, much as it seems the United States has made some inroads in the war against terror. At the same time, there is much left to do on both fronts, as the owners of One World Trade Center continue to try to rent out the space they have created, and those fighting terrorism at home and abroad continue to try to weed out the last vestiges of those who wish the nation ill. The Freedom Tower and the Sears Tower: The History of America's Tallest Buildings looks at the construction history of the two biggest buildings in the United States. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Sears Tower and Freedom Tower like never before.

Reassessing the Social Studies Curriculum

Reassessing the Social Studies Curriculum Book
Author : Wayne Journell
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2016-05-03
ISBN : 1475818130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 dramatically changed many aspects of American society, and the ramifications of that horrific event are still impacting the domestic and foreign policies of the United States. Yet, fifteen years after 9/11—an event that was predicted to change the scope of public education in the United States—we find that the social studies curriculum remains virtually the same as before the attacks. For a discipline charged with developing informed citizens prepared to enter a global economy, such curricular stagnation makes little sense. This book, which contains chapters from many leading scholars within the field of social studies education, both assesses the ways in which the social studies curriculum has failed to live up to the promises of progressive citizenship education made in the wake of the attacks and offers practical advice for teachers who wish to encourage a critical understanding of the post-9/11 global society in which their students live.