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Weld Cracking In Ferrous Alloys

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Weld Cracking in Ferrous Alloys

Weld Cracking in Ferrous Alloys Book
Author : R Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-12-12
ISBN : 1845695453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Weld cracks are unacceptable defects that can compromise the integrity of welded structures. Weld cracking can lead to structural failures which at best will require remedial action and at worst can lead to loss of life. Weld cracking in ferrous alloys reviews the latest developments in the design, evaluation, prevention and repair of weld cracks. Part one reviews the fundamentals as well as recent advances in the areas of welding technology, design and material selection for preventing weld cracking. Part two analyses weld crack behaviour, evaluation and repair of cracking/cracked welds. The book benefits from an extensive and robust chapter on the topic of NDE and quality control that was contributed by one of the most respected non-destructive evaluation and development groups in the world. Part three covers environment assisted weld cracking. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Weld cracking in ferrous alloys is a valuable source of reference for all those concerned with improving the quality of welding and welded components. In the planning and development of this book, particular care has been taken to make the chapters suitable for people from other disciplines who need to understand weld cracking and failure. Reviews the latest developments in the design, evaluation, prevention and repair of weld cracks Assesses recent advances in welding technology, design and material selection Analyses weld crack behaviour, evaluation and repair including environment assisted weld cracking

Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds II

Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds II Book
Author : Thomas Böllinghaus,Horst Herold,Carl E. Cross,J C Lippold
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-07
ISBN : 3540786287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Failure of welded components can occur during service as well as during fabrication. Most common, analyses of the resistance of welded components against failure are targeted at crack avoidance. Such evaluations are increasingly carried out by modern weldability studies, i. e. considering interactions between the selected base and filler materials, structural design and welding process. Such weldability investigations are particularly targeted to prevent hot cracking, as one of the most common cracking phenomena occurring during weld fabrication. To provide an international information and discussion platform to combat hot cracking, an international workshop on Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds has been created, based on an initiative of the Institute for Materials and Joining Technology at the Otto-von-Guericke University in Magdeburg and the Division V. 5 – Safety of Joined Components at the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) in Berlin, Germany. The first workshop was organized in Berlin under the topics mechanisms and phenomena, metallurgy and materials, modelling and simulations as well as testing and standardization. It consisted of 20 individual contributions from eight countries, which were compiled in a book that found a very ready market, not only in the welding community. As a consequence of increasing interest, it has been decided to establish the Workshop on Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds as a regular event every three years embedded in the International Institute of Welding (IIW). Attached to the IIW Commission IX and II Spring intermediate meetings, the second workshop was organized in March 2007.

Failure Mechanisms of Advanced Welding Processes

Failure Mechanisms of Advanced Welding Processes Book
Author : X Sun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-15
ISBN : 1845699769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many new, or relatively new, welding processes such as friction stir welding, resistance spot welding and laser welding are being increasingly adopted to replace or improve on traditional welding techniques. Before advanced welding techniques are employed, their potential failure mechanisms should be well understood and their suitability for welding particular metals and alloys in different situations should be assessed. Failure mechanisms of advanced welding processes provides a critical analysis of advanced welding techniques and their potential failure mechanisms. The book contains chapters on the following topics: Mechanics modelling of spot welds under general loading conditions and applications to fatigue life predictions, Resistance spot weld failure mode and weld performance for aluminium alloys, dual phase steels and TRIP steels, Fatigue behaviour of spot welded joints in steel sheets, Non-destructive evaluation of spot weld quality, Solid state joining - fundamentals of friction stir welding, Failure mechanisms in friction stir welds, Microstructure characteristics and mechanical properties of laser weld bonding of magnesium alloy to aluminium alloy, Fatigue in laser welds, Weld metal ductility and its influence on formability of tailor welded blanks, Joining of lightweight materials using reactive nanofoils, and Fatigue life prediction and improvements for MIG welded advanced high strength steel weldments. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Failure mechanisms of advanced welding processes is a standard reference text for anyone working in welding and the automotive, shipbuilding, oil and gas and other metal fabrication industries who use modern and advanced welding processes. Provides a critical analysis of advanced welding techniques and their potential failure mechanisms Experts in the field survey a range of welding processes and examine reactions under various types of loading conditions Examines the current state of fatigue life prediction of welded materials and structures in the context of spot welded joints and non-destructive evaluation of quality

Friction Stir Welding

Friction Stir Welding Book
Author : Daniela Lohwasser,Zhan Chen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-12-18
ISBN : 1845697715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Friction stir welding (FSW) is a highly important and recently developed joining technology that produces a solid phase bond. It uses a rotating tool to generate frictional heat that causes material of the components to be welded to soften without reaching the melting point and allows the tool to move along the weld line. Plasticized material is transferred from the leading edge to trailing edge of the tool probe, leaving a solid phase bond between the two parts. Friction stir welding: from basics to applications reviews the fundamentals of the process and how it is used in industrial applications. Part one discusses general issues with chapters on topics such as basic process overview, material deformation and joint formation in friction stir welding, inspection and quality control and friction stir welding equipment requirements and machinery descriptions as well as industrial applications of friction stir welding. A chapter giving an outlook on the future of friction stir welding is included in Part one. Part two reviews the variables in friction stir welding including residual stresses in friction stir welding, effects and defects of friction stir welds, modelling thermal properties in friction stir welding and metallurgy and weld performance. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Friction stir welding: from basics to applications is a standard reference for mechanical, welding and materials engineers in the aerospace, automotive, railway, shipbuilding, nuclear and other metal fabrication industries, particularly those that use aluminium alloys. Provides essential information on topics such as basic process overview, materials deformation and joint formation in friction stir welding Inspection and quality control and friction stir welding equipment requirements are discussed as well as industrial applications of friction stir welding Reviews the variables involved in friction stir welding including residual stresses, effects and defects of friction stir welds, modelling thermal properties, metallurgy and weld performance

Condition Assessment of Aged Structures

Condition Assessment of Aged Structures Book
Author : J K Paik,R E Melchers
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845695216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Any structural system in service is subject to age-related deterioration, leading to potential concerns regarding maintenance, health & safety, environmental and economic implications. Condition assessment of aged structures is an invaluable, single source of information on structural assessment techniques for marine and land-based structures such as ships, offshore installations, industrial plant and buildings. Topics covered include: - Current practices and standards for structural condition assessment - Fundamental mechanisms and advanced mathematical methods for predicting structural deterioration - Residual strength assessment of deteriorated structures - Inspection and maintenance of aged structures - Reliability and risk assessment of aged structures Professionals from a broad range of disciplines will be able to gain a better understanding of current practices and standards for structural condition assessment or health monitoring, and what future trends might be. Single source of information on structural assessment techniques for marine and land-based structures Examines the residual strength and reliability of aged structures Assesses current practices covering inspection, health monitoring and maintenance

Heat Exchanger Design Handbook

Heat Exchanger Design Handbook Book
Author : Kuppan Thulukkanam
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-02-23
ISBN : 9781420026870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This comprehensive reference covers all the important aspects of heat exchangers (HEs)--their design and modes of operation--and practical, large-scale applications in process, power, petroleum, transport, air conditioning, refrigeration, cryogenics, heat recovery, energy, and other industries. Reflecting the author's extensive practical experienc

Multiaxial Notch Fatigue

Multiaxial Notch Fatigue Book
Author : Luca Susmel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-03-20
ISBN : 1845695836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal and composite components used in structural engineering not only contain geometrical features resulting in stress concentration phenomena, but they are also subjected to in-service multiaxial fatigue loading. To address the problem, structural engineers need reliable methodologies which allow for an adequate margin of safety. The book summarises methods devised by the author to design real components against multiaxial fatigue by taking full advantage not only of nominal but also of local stress-strain quantities. The book begins by reviewing definitions suitable for calculating the stress-strain quantities commonly used to perform fatigue assessment. The Modified Wöhler Curve Method is then explained in detail, by focusing attention on both the high- and the medium-cycle fatigue regime. The existing links between the multiaxial fatigue criterion and physical properties are also discussed. A procedure suitable for employing the method developed by the author to estimate fatigue damage both in notched and in welded components is explained. The Modified Manson-Coffin Curve method is investigated in depth, by reviewing those concepts playing a fundamental role in the so-called strain based approach. Lastly, the problem of performing the fatigue assessment of composite materials is addressed by considering design parameters influencing composite behaviour under complex cyclic loading paths and those criteria suitable for designing real components against multiaxial fatigue. The book also contains two appendices summarising experimental data from the technical literature. These appendices provide a unique and highly valuable resource for engineers. The appendices summarise around 100 values of the material characteristic length L, experimentally determined by testing specimens made of different engineering materials and about 4500 experimental fatigue results generated by testing plain, notched and welded specimens under constant-amplitude proportional and non-proportional multiaxial fatigue loading are listed. Summarises methods devised by the author to design real components against multiaxial fatigue Reviews definitions suitable for calculating the stress-strain quantities commonly used to perform fatigue assessment Includes an in-depth explanation of both the Modified Wöhler Curve and Modified Manson-Coffin Curve Method

Welding and Joining of Advanced High Strength Steels AHSS

Welding and Joining of Advanced High Strength Steels  AHSS  Book
Author : Mahadev Shome,Muralidhar Tumuluru
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-25
ISBN : 0857098586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Welding and Joining of Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS): The Automotive Industry discusses the ways advanced high strength steels (AHSS) are key to weight reduction in sectors such as automotive engineering. It includes a discussion on how welding can alter the microstructure in the heat affected zone, producing either excessive hardening or softening, and how these local changes create potential weaknesses that can lead to failure. This text reviews the range of welding and other joining technologies for AHSS and how they can be best used to maximize the potential of AHSS. Reviews the properties and manufacturing techniques of advanced high strength steels (AHSS) Examines welding processes, performance, and fatigue in AHSS Focuses on AHSS welding and joining within the automotive industry

Control of Welding Distortion in Thin Plate Fabrication

Control of Welding Distortion in Thin Plate Fabrication Book
Author : Tom Gray,D. Camilleri,N. McPherson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-15
ISBN : 0857099329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intense temperature fields caused by heat sources in welding frequently lead to distortions and residual stresses in the finished product. Welding distortion is a particular problem in fabricating thin plate structures such as ships. Based on pioneering research by the authors, Control of Welding Distortion in Thin-Plate Fabrication reviews distortion test results from trials and shows how outcomes can be modeled computationally. The book provides readers with an understanding of distortion influences and the means to develop distortion-reducing strategies. The book is structured as an integrated treatment. It opens by reviewing the development of computational welding mechanics approaches to distortion. Following chapters describe the industrial context of stiffened plate fabrication and further chapters provide overviews of distortion mechanics and the modeling approach. A chapter on full-scale welding trials is followed by three chapters that develop modeling strategies through thermal process and thermo-mechanical simulations, based on finite-element analysis. Simplified models are a particular feature of these chapters. A final sequence of chapters explores the simulation of welding distortion in butt welding of thin plates and fillet welding of stiffened plate structures, and shows how these models can be used to optimize design and fabrication methods to control distortion. Control of Welding Distortion in Thin-Plate Fabrication is a comprehensive resource for metal fabricators, engineering companies, welders and welding companies, and practicing engineers and academics with an interest in welding mechanics. Allows practitioners in the field to minimize distortion during the welding of thin plates Provides computational tools that can give insight into the effects of welding and fabrication procedures Demonstrates how welding distortion in thin plate fabrications can be minimized through design

The Welding Engineer s Guide to Fracture and Fatigue

The Welding Engineer   s Guide to Fracture and Fatigue Book
Author : Philippa L Moore,Geoff Booth
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-21
ISBN : 1782423915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Welding Engineer's Guide to Fracture and Fatigue provides an essential introduction to fracture and fatigue and the assessment of these failure modes, through to the level of knowledge that would be expected of a qualified welding engineer. Part one covers the basic principles of weld fracture and fatigue. It begins with a review of the design of engineered structures, provides descriptions of typical welding defects and how these defects behave in structures undergoing static and cyclical loading, and explains the range of failure modes. Part two then explains how to detect and assess defects using fitness for service assessment procedures. Throughout, the book assumes no prior knowledge and explains concepts from first principles. Covers the basic principles of weld fracture and fatigue. Reviews the design of engineered structures, provides descriptions of typical welding defects and how these defects behave in structures undergoing static and cyclical loading, and explains the range of failure modes. Explains how to detect and assess defects using fitness for service assessment procedures.

Welding Metallurgy

Welding Metallurgy Book
Author : Sindo Kou
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-09-08
ISBN : 1119524857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover the extraordinary progress that welding metallurgy has experienced over the last two decades Welding Metallurgy, 3rd Edition is the only complete compendium of recent, and not-so-recent, developments in the science and practice of welding metallurgy. Written by Dr. Sindo Kou, this edition covers solid-state welding as well as fusion welding, which now also includes resistance spot welding. It restructures and expands sections on Fusion Zones and Heat-Affected Zones. The former now includes entirely new chapters on microsegregation, macrosegregation, ductility-dip cracking, and alloys resistant to creep, wear and corrosion, as well as a new section on ternary-alloy solidification. The latter now includes metallurgy of solid-state welding. Partially Melted Zones are expanded to include liquation and cracking in friction stir welding and resistance spot welding. New chapters on topics of high current interest are added, including additive manufacturing, dissimilar-metal joining, magnesium alloys, and high-entropy alloys and metal-matrix nanocomposites. Dr. Kou provides the reader with hundreds of citations to papers and articles that will further enhance the reader’s knowledge of this voluminous topic. Undergraduate students, graduate students, researchers and mechanical engineers will all benefit spectacularly from this comprehensive resource. The new edition includes new theories/methods of Kou and coworkers regarding: · Predicting the effect of filler metals on liquation cracking · An index and analytical equations for predicting susceptibility to solidification cracking · A test for susceptibility to solidification cracking and filler-metal effect · Liquid-metal quenching during welding · Mechanisms of resistance of stainless steels to solidification cracking and ductility-dip cracking · Mechanisms of macrosegregation · Mechanisms of spatter of aluminum and magnesium filler metals, · Liquation and cracking in dissimilar-metal friction stir welding, · Flow-induced deformation and oscillation of weld-pool surface and ripple formation · Multicomponent/multiphase diffusion bonding Dr. Kou’s Welding Metallurgy has been used the world over as an indispensable resource for students, researchers, and engineers alike. This new Third Edition is no exception.

Cracking in High strength Steel Weldments

Cracking in High strength Steel Weldments Book
Author : P. A. Kammer,K. Masubuchi,R. E. Monroe
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1964
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Weldment cracking is a broad complex field. Even if one considers only cracking of steel weldments, the problems range from cracking at temperatures near the solidus during welding to cracking at room temperature days, weeks, or months after welding is completed. Numerous reports of investigations in this field are contained in the published and unpublished literature. However, most of these reports cover only a particular problem in a specific area of the broad field of weldment cracking. This review attempts to cover the major aspects of the entire field of weldment cracking. Necessarily, the review is for the most part general, only being specific in a few instances to illustrate a point. (Author).

Weldability of high toughness iron 12 percent nickel alloys with reactive metal additions of titanium aluminum or niobium

Weldability of high toughness iron 12 percent nickel alloys with reactive metal additions of titanium  aluminum  or niobium Book
Author : Jack H. Devletian,Joseph R. Stephens,Walter R. Witzke
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Weldability of high toughness iron 12 percent nickel alloys with reactive metal additions of titanium aluminum or niobium book written by Jack H. Devletian,Joseph R. Stephens,Walter R. Witzke, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Aluminum and Its Alloys Two Volume Set Print

Encyclopedia of Aluminum and Its Alloys  Two Volume Set  Print  Book
Author : George E. Totten,Murat Tiryakioglu,Olaf Kessler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 1351045628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This encyclopedia, written by authoritative experts under the guidance of an international panel of key researchers from academia, national laboratories, and industry, is a comprehensive reference covering all major aspects of metallurgical science and engineering of aluminum and its alloys. Topics covered include extractive metallurgy, powder metallurgy (including processing), physical metallurgy, production engineering, corrosion engineering, thermal processing (processes such as metalworking and welding, heat treatment, rolling, casting, hot and cold forming), surface engineering and structure such as crystallography and metallography.

Weld Integrity and Performance

Weld Integrity and Performance Book
Author : Steve Lampman,ASM International
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 1997-01-01
ISBN : 9781615032044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Weld Integrity and Performance book written by Steve Lampman,ASM International, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines Book
Author : Y. Frank Cheng
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 111802267X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explains why pipeline stress corrosion cracking happens and how it can be prevented Pipelines sit at the heart of the global economy. When they are in good working order, they deliver fuel to meet the ever-growing demand for energy around the world. When they fail due to stress corrosion cracking, they can wreak environmental havoc. This book skillfully explains the fundamental science and engineering of pipeline stress corrosion cracking based on the latest research findings and actual case histories. The author explains how and why pipelines fall prey to stress corrosion cracking and then offers tested and proven strategies for preventing, detecting, and monitoring it in order to prevent pipeline failure. Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines begins with a brief introduction and then explores general principals of stress corrosion cracking, including two detailed case studies of pipeline failure. Next, the author covers: Near-neutral pH stress corrosion cracking of pipelines High pH stress corrosion cracking of pipelines Stress corrosion cracking of pipelines in acidic soil environments Stress corrosion cracking at pipeline welds Stress corrosion cracking of high-strength pipeline steels The final chapter is dedicated to effective management and mitigation of pipeline stress corrosion cracking. Throughout the book, the author develops a number of theoretical models and concepts based on advanced microscopic electrochemical measurements to help readers better understand the occurrence of stress corrosion cracking. By examining all aspects of pipeline stress corrosion cracking—the causes, mechanisms, and management strategies—this book enables engineers to construct better pipelines and then maintain and monitor them to ensure safe, reliable energy supplies for the world.

Nickel Cobalt and Their Alloys

Nickel  Cobalt  and Their Alloys Book
Author : Joseph R. Davis
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2000-01-01
ISBN : 0871706857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a comprehensive guide to the compositions, properties, processing, performance, and applications of nickel, cobalt, and their alloys. It includes all of the essential information contained in the ASM Handbook series, as well as new or updated coverage in many areas in the nickel, cobalt, and related industries.

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability Book
Author : John C. Lippold
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-10
ISBN : 1118960319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes the weldability aspects of structural materials used in a wide variety of engineering structures, including steels, stainless steels, Ni-base alloys, and Al-base alloys Welding Metallurgy and Weldability describes weld failure mechanisms associated with either fabrication or service, and failure mechanisms related to microstructure of the weldment. Weldability issues are divided into fabrication and service related failures; early chapters address hot cracking, warm (solid-state) cracking, and cold cracking that occur during initial fabrication, or repair. Guidance on failure analysis is also provided, along with examples of SEM fractography that will aid in determining failure mechanisms. Welding Metallurgy and Weldability examines a number of weldability testing techniques that can be used to quantify susceptibility to various forms of weld cracking. Describes the mechanisms of weldability along with methods to improve weldability Includes an introduction to weldability testing and techniques, including strain-to-fracture and Varestraint tests Chapters are illustrated with practical examples based on 30 plus years of experience in the field Illustrating the weldability aspects of structural materials used in a wide variety of engineering structures, Welding Metallurgy and Weldability provides engineers and students with the information needed to understand the basic concepts of welding metallurgy and to interpret the failures in welded components.

Introduction to Welding and Brazing

Introduction to Welding and Brazing Book
Author : R. L. Apps,D. R. Milner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-24
ISBN : 1483151689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Welding and Brazing covers the various aspects of metal joining processes, theory, practice, and application. This book is composed of nine chapters. Considerable chapters are devoted to the processes, practice, and principles of arc, resistance, and pressure welding. A chapter describes the principles and applications of other welding processes, such as gas, thermit, and electron beam welding. The final chapters deal with the metallurgical application, practice, and principles of soldering and brazing. This book will be of value to the researchers and workers in the metal joining fields.