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Wear Of Polymers And Composites

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Wear of Polymers and Composites

Wear of Polymers and Composites Book
Author : Ahmed Abdelbary
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-01-23
ISBN : 1782421785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the field of tribology, the wear behaviour of polymers and composite materials is considered a highly non-linear phenomenon. Wear of Polymers and Composites introduces fundamentals of polymers and composites tribology. The book suggests a new approach to explore the effect of applied load and surface defects on the fatigue wear behaviour of polymers, using a new tribometer and thorough experiments. It discusses effects of surface cracks, under different static and cyclic loading parameters on wear, and presents an intelligent algorithm, in the form of a neural network, to map the relationship between wear rate and relevant factors. Using the aforementioned method leads to more accurate and cost effective prediction of surface fatigue wear rates, under different service conditions. The first three chapters of the book introduce polymers and composite materials tribology, followed by three chapters that cover testing in wear, applied load and contact pressure and surface defects. The remaining chapter moves on to predicting wear of polymers, and concludes by discussing questions and problems. Prepares senior undergraduates as well as postgraduate students Focuses on the factors influencing wear of polymers and composites Contains detailed design of Tribometer, wear test procedures and detailed dataset of more than 50 experimental wear tests Introduces an artificial neural network approach as one of the recently developed wear prediction models.

Friction and Wear of Polymer Composites

Friction and Wear of Polymer Composites Book
Author : Klaus Friedrich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444597115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing a useful summary of current knowledge on the friction and wear properties of composite materials, this book fills the gap between publications on fundamental principles of tribology and those on the friction and wear behavior of metals and polymers. Detailed coverage is given of: the fundamental aspects of tribology in general and polymer composites in particular; the effects of the microstructure of composites on friction and wear behavior under different external loading conditions; and the problem of the control of friction and wear behavior in practical situations. Although emphasis is on polymer composites associated with bearing-type applications, part of the book is also devoted to the friction and wear of metal-based composites and rubber compounds. The data are represented in the form of 277 figures, diagrams and photographs, and 68 tables. The author index covers more than 670 references, and the subject index more than 1,000 keywords. The book will be of particular interest to: those involved in research on some aspects of polymer composites tribology (material scientists, physical chemists, mechanical engineers); those wishing to learn more methods for solving practical friction or wear problems (designers, engineers and technologists in industries, dealing with selection, reprocessing and application of polymer engineering materials); and teachers and students at universities.

Friction and Wear in Polymer Based Materials

Friction and Wear in Polymer Based Materials Book
Author : V. A. Bely,A. I. Sviridenok,M. I. Petrokovets
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483152057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Friction and Wear in Polymer-Based Materials discusses friction and wear problems in polymer-based materials. The book is organized into three parts. The chapters in Part I cover the basic laws of friction and wear in polymer-based materials. Topics covered include frictional interaction during metal-polymer contact and the influence of operating conditions on wear in polymers. The chapters in Part II discuss the structure and frictional properties of polymer-based materials; the mechanism of frictional transfer when a polymer comes into contact with polymers, metals, and other materials; and controlling the frictional properties of polymer materials. Part III is devoted to applications of polymer-based materials in friction assemblies. It covers composite self-lubricating materials and polymer materials for complexly loaded main friction assemblies. This work may prove useful to specialists interested in the problems of using polymer materials. It also aims to stimulate deeper research into the field of friction and wear in polymer-based materials.

Polymer Wear and Its Control

Polymer Wear and Its Control Book
Author : Lieng-Huang Lee
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Looks at the development of high-strength polymers for use in human implants, all-composite airplanes, items now made of metal, and more. Covers the chemical characteristics and behavior mechanisms of these polymers. Contains reviews and research results on polymer wear and the various approaches to its control. Also describes biological behavior, wear of biomaterials and composites, characterization and measurements of wear, and degradation and wear of polymeric films and filaments.

Handbook Of Polymer Tribology

Handbook Of Polymer Tribology Book
Author : Sujeet K Sinha
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2018-03-07
ISBN : 981322780X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook is a collection of authoritative information in the new and expanding field of polymer tribology. It brings together various research topics in the field of polymer tribology in a single volume, and provides relevant data in polymer tribology for research and industrial applications.The book's chapters are written by active, world-renowned researchers in the field. Subjects covered in this book range from the fundamentals of polymer tribology to highly applied topics such as machine element design (bearing and gears), hip prosthetic and microsystems applications.Readers in the field of tribology, in general, and polymer tribology, in particular, will find it very useful as it covers nearly all aspects of polymer tribology. Academics creating new courses based on polymer tribology will also find this book's comprehensive coverage valuable. Researchers will find this book a ready source of the state-of-the-art in the field of polymer tribology.

Friction and Wear of Polymers

Friction and Wear of Polymers Book
Author : G.M. Bartenev,V.V. Lavrentev
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1981-11-01
ISBN : 9780080875705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Friction and Wear of Polymers

Polymer Composites

Polymer Composites Book
Author : Klaus Friedrich,Stoyko Fakirov,Zhong Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-07-22
ISBN : 9780387241760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of polymer composites in various engineering applications has become state of the art. This multi-author volume provides a useful summary of updated knowledge on polymer composites in general, practically integrating experimental studies, theoretical analyses and computational modeling at different scales, i. e. , from nano- to macroscale. Detailed consideration is given to four major areas: structure and properties of polymer nanocomposites, characterization and modeling, processing and application of macrocomposites, and mechanical performance of macrocomposites. The idea to organize this volume arose from a very impressive workshop - The First International Workshop on Polymers and Composites at IVW Kaiserslautern: Invited Humboldt-Fellows and Distinguished Scientists, which was held on May 22-24,2003 at the University of Kaiserslautern, Germany. The contributing authors were invited to incorporate updated knowledge and developments into their individual chapters within a year after the workshop, which finally led to these excellent contributions. The success of this workshop was mainly sponsored by the German Alexander von Humboldt Foundation through a Sofia Kovalevskaja Award Program, financed by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research within the "Investment in the Future Program" of the German Government. In 2001, the Humboldt Foundation launched this new award program in order to offer outstanding young researchers throughout the world an opportunity to establish their own work-groups and to develop innovative research concepts virtually in Germany. One of the editors, Z.

Reinforced Polymer Composites

Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : Pramendra K. Bajpai,Inderdeep Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-12-04
ISBN : 352734599X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents state-of-the-art processing techniques and readily applicable knowledge on processing of polymer composites The book presents the advancement in the field of reinforced polymer composites with emphasis on manufacturing techniques, including processing of different reinforced polymer composites, secondary processing of green composites, and post life cycle processing. It discusses the advantages and limitations of each processing method and the effect of processing parameters on the overall performance of the composites. Characterization and applications of reinforced polymer composites are also introduced. Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment starts off by providing readers with a comprehensive overview of the field. It then introduces them to the fabrication of both short fiber/filler reinforced polymer composites and laminated reinforced polymer composites. Next, it takes them through the processing of polymer-based nanocomposites; the many advances in curing methods of reinforced polymer composites; and post life cycle processing, re-processing, and disposal mechanisms of reinforced polymer composites. Numerous other chapters cover: synthetic versus natural fiber reinforced plastics; characterization techniques of reinforced plastics; friction and wear analysis of reinforced plastics; secondary processing of reinforced plastics; and applications of reinforced plastics. -Presents the latest development in materials, processing, and characterization techniques, as well as applications of reinforced polymer composites -Guides users in choosing the best processing methods to produce polymer composites and successfully manufacture high quality products -Assists academics in sorting out basic research questions and helps those in industry manufacture products, such as marine, automotive, aerospace, and sport goods Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment is an important book for materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemical engineers, process engineers, and anyone involved in the chemical or plastics technology industry.

Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials

Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials Book
Author : A. P. Mouritz,A. G. Gibson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-01-30
ISBN : 1402053568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first to deal with the important topic of the fire behaviour of fibre reinforced polymer composite materials. The book covers all of the key issues on the behaviour of composites in a fire. Also covered are fire protection materials for composites, fire properties of nanocomposites, fire safety regulations and standards, fire test methods, and health hazards from burning composites.

Wear

Wear Book
Author : Gwidon W. Stachowiak
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-08-14
ISBN : 0470017015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tribology is emerging from the realm of steam engines and crank-case lubricants and becoming key to vital new technologies such as nanotechnology and MEMS. Wear is an integral part of tribology, and an effective understanding and appreciation of wear is essential in order to achieve the reliable and efficient operation of almost any machine or device. Knowledge in the field has increased considerably over recent years, and continues to expand: this book is intended to stimulate its readers to contribute towards the progress of this fascinating subject that relates to most of the known disciplines in physical science. Wear – Materials, Mechanisms and Practice provides the reader with a unique insight into our current understanding of wear, based on the contributions of numerous internationally acclaimed specialists in the field. Offers a comprehensive review of current knowledge in the field of wear. Discusses latest topics in wear mechanism classification. Includes coverage of a wide variety of materials such as metals, polymers, polymer composites, diamonds, and diamond-like films and ceramics. Discusses the chemo-mechanical linkages that control tribology, providing a more complete treatment of the subject than just the conventional mechanical treatments. Illustrated throughout with carefully compiled diagrams that provide a unique insight into the controlling mechanisms of tribology. The state of the art research on wear and the mechanisms of wear featured will be of interest to post-graduate students and lecturers in engineering, materials science and chemistry. The practical applications discussed will appeal to practitioners across virtually all sectors of engineering and industry including electronic, mechanical and electrical, quality and reliability and design.

Microstructure and Wear of Materials

Microstructure and Wear of Materials Book
Author : K.-H. Zum Gahr
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1987-03-01
ISBN : 9780080875743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book will be useful not only to practising engineers and scientists, but also to advanced students interested in wear. It reviews our current understanding of the influence of microstructural elements and physical properties of materials (metals, polymers, ceramics and composites) on wear. The introductory chapters describe the relation between microstructure and mechanical properties of materials, surfaces in contact and the classification of wear processes. The following chapters are concerned with wear modes of great practical interest such as grooving wear, sliding wear, rolling-sliding wear and erosive wear. Our present understanding of abrasion, adhesion, surface fatigue and tribochemical reactions as the relevant wear mechanisms is discussed, and new wear models are presented. In addition to extensive experimental results, sketches have been widely used for clarifying the physical events.

Advances in Composite Tribology

Advances in Composite Tribology Book
Author : K. Friedrich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444597395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Much research has been carried out and a lot of progress has been made towards the use of composite materials in a wide field of tribological applications. In recent years studies have been made to determine to what degree phenomena governing the tribological performance of composites can be generalized and to consolidate interdisciplinary information for polymer-, metal- and ceramic matrix composites. The importance of promoting better knowledge in the areas of friction, lubrication and wear, in general, is demonstrated by the contents of this volume. It covers a wide range of subjects extending from fundamental research on the tribological characteristics of various multi-phase materials up to final applications of composites in wear loaded, technical components. Besides the emphasis on composites tribology, the great practical aspect of the field in many industrial applications is also reviewed by authors who are engaged in applied research as well as those in more academic activities. The articles in this volume will facilitate both researchers and mechanical designers in their work towards a set of predictive, materials engineering-related models for a more reliable use of composites as tribo-materials. Through the study of, and observation of, the tribology of sensibly formulated composite systems may emerge a clear and more profound understanding of the subject of tribology. In this sense, this book offers a major and critical evaluation of the state of understanding of the principles of tribology and its ability to serve the practical and commercial needs of this technology generally, and particularly in the context of composite systems.

Extreme Tribology

Extreme Tribology Book
Author : Ahmed Abdelbary
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 0429828977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tribology is an unfamiliar term for many, but is experienced by all. It is the science of friction, wear and lubrication of contacting surfaces in relative motion. The aim of this book is to introduce the fundamentals of tribology as well as its challenges in extreme operating conditions. The book comprises a historical background and an introduction to familiarize both undergraduate and postgraduate readers with such an important topic. It addresses a comprehensive coverage of classical tribology of solid contacts, friction mechanics, wear mechanisms and lubrication technologies. The tribology of polymer composites, MEMS and NEMS are explored. In addition, tribology of automotive components is presented, as are tribological applications in many practical situations.Various test methods used in evaluating wear are reviewed. Diverse techniques applied in predicting wear behavior by mathematical models, FE modeling and ANN approach are discussed. The book reviews key features of extraordinary conditions associated with, but not limited to, harsh environments, severe sliding and poor lubrication challenges. A basic understanding of failure modes in tribological systems is covered. The state-of-the-art research on tribology under these extreme conditions is extensively discussed, which will be of interest to researchers. The book highlights solutions for extreme tribology problems and provides an overview of various factors affecting tribosystems in harsh conditions.

Tribology of Polymer Composites

Tribology of Polymer Composites Book
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Klaus Friedrich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-22
ISBN : 0128231734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tribology of Polymer Composites: Characterization, Properties, and Applications provides an exhaustive overview of the latest research, trends, applications and future directions of the tribology of polymer composites. Covering novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties, the book starts by reviewing the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials. From there, it features chapters looking at the tribological behavior and properties of specific polymer composite materials such as synthetic fiber-reinforced, cellulose fiber-reinforced, wood fiber, synthetic fiber, mineral fiber-reinforced, and thermosetting composites. Final chapters cover the tribology of polymer nanocomposites and particulate polymer composites and their metal coatings. Applied examples spanning a wide range of industries are emphasized in each chapter. Demonstrates the potential of polymer composites and their applications Covers novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties Reviews the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials

Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites Second Edition

Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites  Second Edition Book
Author : James C. Gerdeen, PhD, PE,Ronald A.L. Rorrer, PhD, PE
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-12-19
ISBN : 143986053X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering Design with Polymers and Composites, Second Edition continues to provide one of the only textbooks on the analysis and design of mechanical components made from polymer materials. It explains how to create polymer materials to meet design specifications. After tracing the history of polymers and composites, the text describes modern design concepts, such as weight-to-strength ratio and cost-to-strength ratio, for selecting polymers and composites for design applications. It also presents computer methods for choosing polymer materials from a database, for optimal design, and for laminated plate design. New to the Second Edition This edition rearranges many chapters and adds a significant amount of new material. Composites are now covered in two chapters, instead of one. This edition also includes entirely new chapters on polymer fusing and other assembly techniques, rapid prototyping, and piezoelectric polymers. Suitable for mechanical and civil engineering students as well as practicing engineers, this book helps readers get an edge in the rapidly changing electromechanical industry. It gives them a fundamental foundation for understanding phenomena that they will encounter in real-life applications or through subsequent study and research.

Wear of Materials

Wear of Materials Book
Author : American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Wear of Materials book written by American Society of Mechanical Engineers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Graphene in Composite Materials

Graphene in Composite Materials Book
Author : Nikhil A. Koratkar
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2013
ISBN : 1605950564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Original monograph discusses graphene within the carbon chemistry alternatives available to materials engineers and explains how it is incorporated into polymer-matrix, as well as ceramic- and metal-matrix composite materials. The book shows how different forms of graphene can be synthesized and then added to polymer composites as main or hybrid nanofillers, with a focus on how graphene affects electrical and mechanical properties. Offers the theory and data necessary to design novel graphene-based composites with unique load-bearing, flammability and wear properties. Throughout, the book lists many newly discovered mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of graphene. Emerging uses of graphene in films, coatings and colloidal suspensions (i.e., graphene with liquid matrices) are also investigated. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface 1. Introduction to Graphene 1.1. Allotropes of Carbon 1.2. Properties of Graphene 1.3. Synthesis of Graphene 1.4. Characterization of Graphene 1.5. Graphene as a Nanofiller in Composites 1.6. References 2. Graphene Polymer Composites: Processing and Characterization of Their Mechanical, Electrical, and Thermal Properties 2.1. Processing and Dispersion of Graphene in Polymers 2.2. Tensile Properties: Young's Modulus and Ultimate Tensile Strength 2.3. Compressive Properties: Buckling Stability 2.4. Fracture Toughness 2.5. Fatigue Resistance 2.6. Toughening Mechanisms 2.7. Characterizing the Graphene/Matrix Interface 2.8. Characterizing the Interphase in Graphene Polymer Composites 2.9. Viscoelastic Properties 2.10. Wear Properties 2.11. Creep 2.12. Electrical Conductivity 2.13. Thermal Conductivity 2.14. Graphene Nanoribbon-based Composites 2.15. References 3. Hybrid Graphene/Microfiber Composites 3.1. Processing of Hierarchical Graphene Composites 3.2. Testing of Hierarchical Graphene Composites 3.3. Conclusion 3.4. References 4. Graphene Ceramic and Graphene Metal-Matrix Composites 4.1. Ceramic Matrix Composites 4.2. Metal Matrix Composites 4.3. References 5. Graphene Colloids and Coatings 5.1. Graphene Oxide Colloids 5.2. Functionalized Graphene Oxide Colloids 5.3. Reduced Graphene Oxide Colloids 5.4. Graphene Colloids Stabilized by Surfactants 5.5. Applications of Graphene Colloids 5.6. References Index

Spherical and Fibrous Filler Composites

Spherical and Fibrous Filler Composites Book
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-26
ISBN : 3527334572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scrutinizing various fillers, such as fly ash, inorganic nanoparticles, Kevlar and wood flour, this book exemplifies how the choice of filler influences the micro- and macroscopic behavior of the resulting polymer composites, such as friction, wear and impact resistance. In so doing, the text brings together a number of composite systems using different polymer matrices, different filler systems as well as different processing conditions, thereby serving as a beneficial guide for readers so as to select a particular set of processing conditions or composite constituents for the enhancement of certain properties.

Tribology of Natural Fiber Polymer Composites

Tribology of Natural Fiber Polymer Composites Book
Author : Mohammed Fahim,Navin Chand
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-10-14
ISBN : 1845695054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental concerns are driving demand for bio-degradable materials such as plant-based natural fiber reinforced polymer composites. These composites are fast replacing conventional materials in many applications, especially in automobiles, where tribology (friction, lubrication and wear) is important. This book covers the availability and processing of natural fiber polymer composites and their structural, thermal, mechanical and, in particular, tribological properties. Chapter 1 discusses sources of natural fibers, their extraction and surface modification. It also reviews the thermal, structural, mechanical, spectroscopic and morphological properties of unmodified and chemically modified natural fibers such as sisal, jute, wood, bamboo and cotton together with their potential applications. Chapter 2 gives a brief introduction to the tribology of polymer composites and the role of fiber reinforcement and fillers in modifying their tribological properties. Further chapters discuss the chemical composition, physical structure, mechanical properties and tribological behaviour of polymer composites reinforced with sisal, jute, cotton and bamboo fibers. The tribological behaviour of wood polymer composites (WPCs) is also discussed. Tribology of natural fibre polymer composites is a useful reference guide for engineers, scientific and technical personnel involved in the development of natural fiber composites. In particular it will give an insight into mechanical properties and failure mechanisms in situations where wear, lubrication and friction are a problem. Examines the availability and processing of natural fiber composites and their structural, thermal, mechanical and tribological properties Explores sources of natural fibers, their extraction and surface modification as well as properties of chemically modified natural fibers Provides an overview of the tribology of polymer composites and the role of fiber reinforcement and filters in modifying tribological composites

Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials

Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials Book
Author : Tyagi, Rajnesh
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2015-01-31
ISBN : 1466675314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An understanding of friction and wear behavior of materials is crucial in order to improve their performance and durability. New research is providing the opportunity to solve common problems relating to the development of materials, surface modification, coatings, and processing methods across industries. Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings on the strategic role of composite tribology in a variety of settings. This book is intended for students, researchers, academicians, and professionals working in industries where wear reduction and performance enhancement of machines and machine elements is essential to success.