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Wear Of Orthopaedic Implants And Artificial Joints

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Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints

Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints Book
Author : Saverio Affatato
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-04-12
ISBN : 0857096125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although hip, knee and other orthopaedic implants are well-established prostheses, much remains to be understood about how these implants wear in use. This important book summarises the wealth of recent research in this area and its implications for implant and joint design. After an introductory overview, the book reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear. Part one discusses fundamental issues such as tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees as well as the materials and design issues they raise for hip, knee and other types of orthopaedic implant. Part two considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints. It also covers surgical and other factors influencing wear as well as ways of detecting, analysing and predicting implant wear and failure. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints is a standard reference for implant manufacturers, surgeons and those researching this important area. Summarises the wealth of recent research into the wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints and discusses the implications for implant and joint design Reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear, tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees and the materials and design issues they raise for orthopaedic implants Considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints

UHMWPE Biomaterials for Joint Implants

UHMWPE Biomaterials for Joint Implants Book
Author : Jun Fu,Zhong-Min Jin,Jin-Wu Wang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-23
ISBN : 9811369240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the latest progresses in UHMWPE biomaterials, which has been critical for the performance and longevity of joint implants. Oriented by clinical challenges to UHMWPE-based joint implants, it introduces the processing, crosslinking, structural manipulation, oxidation mechanism, stabilization, drug delivery, and wear, as well as clinical performance, biomechanics, and simulated studies of joint implant based on UHMWPE with low wear, which are aimed to tackle or minimize the adverse effect related to wear and wear debris. These contributions provide fundamentals of chemistry and physics of UHMWPEs to help understand the clinical performances of UHMWPE based joint implants. Perspectives to next generation UHMWPE to meet the unmet challenges in clinical use are included.

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants Book
Author : Elizabeth Friis
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-24
ISBN : 008100284X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants provides readers with a thorough overview of the fundamentals of orthopedic implants and various methods of mechanical testing. Historical aspects are presented, along with case studies that are particularly useful for readers. Presents information on a range of implants, from dental to spinal implants Includes case studies throughout that help the reader understand how the content of the book is applied in practice Provides coverage and guidance on FDA regulations and requirements Focuses on application of mechanical testing methods

Tribological Performance of Artificial Joints

Tribological Performance of Artificial Joints Book
Author : Amir Kamali,J. Philippe Kretzer
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-07-01
ISBN : 3039210785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Joint replacement is a very successful medical treatment. However, the survivorship of the implants could be adversely affected due to the loss of materials in the form of particles or ions as the bearing surfaces articulate against earch other. The consequent tissue and immune response to the wear products, remain one of the key factors of their failure. Tribology has been defined as the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion and all related wear products (e.g., particles, ions, etc.). Over the last few decades, in an attempt to understand and improve joint replacement technology, the tribological performance of several material combinations have been studied experimentally and assessed clinically. In addition, research has focused on the biological effects and long term consequences of wear products. Improvements have been made in manufacturing processes, precision engineering capabilities, device designs and materials properties in order to minimize wear and friction and maximize component longevity in vivo. This book investigates the in vivo and in vitro performance of the orthopaedic implants and their advanced bearings. Contributions are solicited from the researchers working in the field of biotribology and bioengineering

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics Book
Author : Dr Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri,Ali Mohammad
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 0128137576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics provides a solid understanding of recent developments in the field of nano-composites used in orthopedics. The book covers joint replacement, the load bearing capability of fractured bones, bone soft tissue regeneration, hard tissue replacement, artificial bone grafting, bone repair, bone tissue transplantations, and related topics, thus helping readers understand how to resolve problems associated with bone fracture and orthopedic surgery. A variety of nanocomposite materials are discussed, with their properties and preparation methods given. Outlines the use of nanotechnology for bone tissue transplantation Describes nanocomposites for bone grafting and artificial bones, also including their properties Includes discussions on tissue engineering of bone and tissue regeneration and transplantation Describes many composite materials and their preparation methods

Bio tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants Book
Author : Y. Takakubo,A. Berce,R. Trebše,Y. Tamaki,I. Milošev,A. Al-Samadi,V.-M. Tiainen,null Orton,Y.T. Konttinen
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-09-30
ISBN : 0128089873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Total joint replacement (TJR) is one of the success stories of modern medicine, which has reliably provided dramatic pain relief and improved the quality of life for several million patients with a destructive end-stage joint disease. However, the main long-term complication of TJR surgery is prosthetic loosening, often combined with osteolysis following wear, corrosion and failure of the implant. Over the past decade, the biological interactions between various types of wear particles and metal ions from metal-on-polyethylene (MoPE), metal-on-metal (MoM) and ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) implants, endogenous danger signals (alarmins) and/or bacterial components of the microbiome with the innate and adaptive host defence (immune) system, have become better known. In this chapter, we discuss the role of biomaterials and implant-derived wear and corrosion debris in loosening of TJRs, with particular emphasis on MoM total hip replacements (THR) and hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA).

Perspectives in Total Hip Arthroplasty

Perspectives in Total Hip Arthroplasty Book
Author : Saverio Affatato
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-01
ISBN : 1782420398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Total hip arthroplasty, the most commonly performed orthopedic procedure, is used to replace or reconstruct the hip with an artificial joint. Perspectives in Total Hip Arthroplasty outlines developments in technologies and biomaterials used for this procedure, with a focus on the tribological interactions of the materials used. Part one outlines the history of total hip arthroplasty and goes on to explore advances in techniques and biomaterials. Part two focuses on the tribology of materials used to perform this procedure, explaining the impact of wear on the load-bearing surface, a major cause of failure in hip prostheses. Chapters review a range of materials, including modern biomaterials, hybrid materials, metal, ceramic, and polyethylene. The book also discusses the tribological interactions of these materials when used in total hip arthroplasty. Perspectives in Total Hip Arthroplasty is a key resource for clinicians, researchers, and academics interested in the tribology of total hip arthroplasty, as well as materials researchers, engineers, and academics concerned with the tribology of biomaterials. Covers techniques from innovative surgeons and designs from multinational manufacturers, as well as information on improvements in technologies and biomaterials Discusses the tribology of all the major materials used in total hip arthroplasty

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System Book
Author : Zhongmin Jin,Junyan Li,Zhenxian Chen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-09-29
ISBN : 0128227621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System: Biomaterials and Tissues, Second Edition reviews how a wide range of materials are modeled and applied. Chapters cover basic concepts for modeling of biomechanics and biotribology, the fundamentals of computational modeling of biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, finite element modeling in the musculoskeletal system, computational modeling from a cells and tissues perspective, and computational modeling of the biomechanics and biotribology interactions, looking at complex joint structures. This book is a comprehensive resource for professionals in the biomedical market, materials scientists and biomechanical engineers, and academics in related fields. This important new edition provides an up-to-date overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application, including new content on novel technologies, biomorphic hydroxyapatite and more. Provides detailed, introductory coverage of modeling of cells and tissues, modeling of biomaterials and interfaces, biomechanics and biotribology Discusses applications of modeling for joint replacements and applications of computational modeling in tissue engineering Offers a holistic perspective, from cells and small ligaments to complex joint interactions

Materials Sciences and Implant Orthopedic Surgery

Materials Sciences and Implant Orthopedic Surgery Book
Author : R. Kossowsky,Nir Kossovsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400944748
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combining experts from the medical and materials sciences, the Institute considered current concepts in medical and materials sciences as they relate to implantable prostheses in orthopedic surgical practice. The syllabus included theory and applications of materials properties, physiological function, and host response to metal and non-metal materials. Total hip prostheses are the most common orthopedic device implanted today involved in over 200,000 operations. Failures occur at the rate of 10~-40~ at ~ to 10 years. Failures are due to loosening, infection, fracture of femoral components, or destruction of the pe 1 vi c components .' All these, and other problems related to the implantation of the devices, the surgical procedures, and device pathology, were. discussed in light of current, as well as, emerging technologies and scientific knowledge. Repeatedly, scientists designing prostheses became aware of a lack of understanding of physiological phenomena associated with biocompatibility; the interchange among practising physicians, basic scientists, and pathologists at this Institute was appreciated. We thank all the contributors and participants for their effort. Thanks are also due to the personnel of the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO. The daily routines of running the Institute were greatly facilitated by the efforts of Pedro Cuevas, M.D, Jose Gutierrez Diaz, M.D, and Dr. Hanita Kossowsky. The devoted help of Nir Kossovsky, M.D, in setting the conference and in editing this book, is sincerely appreci ated.

Biomaterials in Clinical Practice

Biomaterials in Clinical Practice Book
Author : Fatima Zivic,Saverio Affatato,Miroslav Trajanovic,Matthias Schnabelrauch,Nenad Grujovic,Kwang Leong Choy
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-20
ISBN : 3319680250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the properties of biomaterials that have found wide clinical applications, while also reviewing the state-of-the-art in the development towards future medical applications, starting with a brief introduction to the history of biomaterials used in hip arthroplasty. The book then reviews general types of biomaterials – polymers, ceramics, and metals, as well as different material structures such as porous materials and coatings and their applications – before exploring various current research trends, such as biodegradable and porous metals, shape memory alloys, bioactive biomaterials and coatings, and nanometals used in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer. In turn, the book discusses a range of methods and approaches used in connection with biomaterial properties and characterization – chemical properties, biocompatibility, in vivo behaviour characterisation, as well as genotoxicity and mutagenicity – and reviews various diagnostic techniques: histopathological analysis, imagining techniques, and methods for physicochemical and spectroscopic characterization. Properties of stent deployment procedures in cardiovascular surgeries, from aspects of prediction, development and deployment of stent geometries are presented on the basis of novel modelling approaches. The last part of the book presents the clinical applications of biomaterials, together with case studies in dentistry, knee and hip prosthesis. Reflecting the efforts of a multidisciplinary team of authors, gathering chemical engineers, medical doctors, physicists and engineers, it presents a rich blend of perspectives on the application of biomaterials in clinical practice. The book will provide clinicians with an essential review of currently available solutions in specific medical areas, also incorporating non-medical solutions and standpoints, thus offering them a broader selection of materials and implantable solutions. This work is the result of joint efforts of various academic and research institutions participating in WIMB Tempus project, 543898-TEMPUS-1-2013-1-ES-TEMPUS-JPHES, "Development of Sustainable Interrelations between Education, Research and Innovation at WBC Universities in Nanotechnologies and Advanced Materials where Innovation Means Business", co-funded by the Tempus Programme of the European Union.

Nanotechnology Enhanced Orthopedic Materials

Nanotechnology Enhanced Orthopedic Materials Book
Author : Lei Yang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-07-28
ISBN : 0857098500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology-Enhanced Orthopedic Materials provides the latest information on the emergence and rapid development of nanotechnology and the ways it has impacted almost every aspect of biomedical engineering. This book provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the field, focusing on the fabrication and applications of these materials, presenting updated, practical, and systematic knowledge on the synthesis, processing, and modification of nanomaterials, along with the rationale and methodology of applying such materials for orthopedic purposes. Topics covered include a wide range of orthopedic material formulations, such as ceramics, metals, polymers, biomolecules, and self-assemblies. Final sections explore applications and future trends in nanotechnology-enhanced orthopedic materials. Details practical information on the fabrication and modification of new and traditional orthopedic materials Analyzes a wide range of materials, designs, and applications of nanotechnology for orthopedics Investigates future trends in the field, including sections on orthopedic materials with bacterial-inhibitory properties and novel materials for the control of immune and inflammatory responses

Joint Arthroplasty

Joint Arthroplasty Book
Author : Shinichi Imura,Makoto Wada,Hironori Omori
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 4431685294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The introduction of total joint arthroplasty throughout the world has contributed manifold benefits to patients who suffer from joint diseases. Concurrently, however, there has been an increase in revision surgery. Many orthopedic surgeons agree that durability of prostheses is an eternal problem. In particular, periprosthetic osteolysis recently has been identified as one of the serious problems affecting prosthetic dura bility. To improve durability, osteolysis and many other problems must be investi gated and solved both experimentally and clinically with respect to such aspects as prosthetic material, design, and biological and biomechanical behavior. This book comprises 37 papers that were presented by orthopedic surgeons and biomedical engineers at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Replace ment Arthroplasty, held in March 1998 in Kanazawa, Japan. The volume is thus a compilation of the latest knowledge about the pathogenesis and reduction of osteolysis and wear, newly developed total hip prostheses, and other current topics of total knee arthroplasty. We earnestly hope that this book will be of benefit to clinicians and researchers, and that it will contribute to the creation of more durable total joint prostheses in the future. SHINICHI IMURA v Contents Preface .................... '" .. .. .. ... . .. .. .. . ... .. . . .. . ... . . .. . V List of Contributors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XI . . . . . . . . . . . . Part 1 Wear and Pathogenesis of Osteolysis Friction and Wear of Artificial Joints: A Historical Review N. AKAMATSU ................................................ , 3 Matrix Degradation in Osteoclastic Bone Resorption Under Pathological Conditions .

Bone Implant Interface in Orthopedic Surgery

Bone Implant Interface in Orthopedic Surgery Book
Author : Theofilos Karachalios
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 1447154096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Total joint arthroplasty is an effective surgical procedure for end-stage osteoarthritis of major joints with satisfactory long term clinical outcome. A large and growing number of arthroplasties are performed annually worldwide and a great number of orthopaedic surgeons are practicing arthroplasty surgery as their main surgical activity. The biological behavior of the bone-implant interface is crucial for the long term survival of the artificial joint. All factors which have a positive or negative effect on the interface are of great interest for those practicing arthroplasty surgery. Basic scientists and the industry are continuously searching for new implant fixation mechanisms and improved materials. There is an accumulation of a great amount of basic science data (both biological, material and mechanical) related to the incorporation or loosening of the bone-implant interface. However, basic science data does not always translate to satisfactory clinical application, and orthopaedic practitioners often wonder which piece of information is clinically useful. A further problem is that basic scientists often speak their own scientific language and may not fully appreciate common clinical practice needs. In this textbook the biological and mechanical mechanisms of implant incorporation and loosening will be presented. All new data concerning materials and methods for incorporation enhancement will be critically analyzed. Data useful for clinical application will be stressed. Orthopaedic Surgeons will find information which will improve their clinical practice and basic scientists will be helped to understand and appreciate clinical needs.

Experimental Methods in Tribology

Experimental Methods in Tribology Book
Author : Gwidon Stachowiak,Andrew W Batchelor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-05-18
ISBN : 9780080472737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an indespensible guide to both researchers in academia and industry who wish to perform tribological experiments more effectively. With an extensive range of illustrations which communicate the basic concepts in experimental methods tribology more effectively than text alone. An extensive citation list is also provided at the end of each chapter facilitating a more thorough navigation through a particular subject. * Contains extensive illustrations * Highlights limitations of current techniques

Surgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Alternative Procedures

Surgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Alternative Procedures Book
Author : Saverio Affatato
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-09
ISBN : 178242038X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is commonly considered to be a reliable procedure, with high implant survival rates at 10 to 15 years of follow-up. The goal of total knee replacement surgery is to relieve pain and obtain better knee function. This is achieved by ensuring correct patient selection, pre-operative deformity, implant design and accurate surgical techniques. This book covers a range of techniques for the realisation of functional joint motion and stability. The first part of the book will describe fundamentals in total knee arthroplasty and alternative procedures. The second half will look at surgical techniques and considerations whilst the final chapters will address future trends and challenges in the field of knee surgery. This book will be an essential reference for academics, orthopaedic surgeons, and those training in medicine, physiatry and rheumatology.

Friction Lubrication and Wear of Artificial Joints

Friction  Lubrication and Wear of Artificial Joints Book
Author : Ian M. Hutchings
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-02-14
ISBN : 9781860583636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tribology has been central to the development of this field of engineering and Friction, Lubrication, and Wear of Artificial Joints brings together the work of the foremost authorities. Recent key work, particularly on hip and knee replacement prostheses form the major part of this book. Artificial joint technology, clinical practice, and the monitoring of on-going wear in use have progressed by leaps and bounds in the last few years. Medical research engineers, tribology specialists, and materials technologists each play an important role in ensuring that this marriage of engineering and medicine delivers the best possible outcome for the patients who receive the implants. Contents of this book include: Biotribology - A personal view The influence of component geometry on the measurement of wear A tribological study of metal-on-metal total replacement hip joints The lubrication and friction of conventional UHMWPE, novel compliant layer and hard bearing surfaces for use in total hip prostheses Prediction of lubricating film thickness in UHMWPE hip joint replacements Wear of ceramic-on-ceramic hip prostheses under micro-separation simulation conditions Friction and wear testing of DLC type coatings on total hip replacement prostheses Simulator testing of total knee replacement A new measurement method for wear scars generated with knee simulators

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cranio Maxillofacial and Oral Applications

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cranio Maxillofacial and Oral Applications Book
Author : Júlio Souza,Dachamir Hotza,Bruno Henriques,Aldo Boccaccini
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 0128146222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cranio-maxillofacial and Oral Applications examines the combined impact of materials science, biomedical and chemical engineering, and biology to provide enhanced biomaterials for applications in maxillo-facial rehabilitation and implantology. With a strong focus on a variety of material classes, it examines material processing and characterization techniques to decrease mechanical and biological failure in the human body. After an introduction to the field, the most commonly used materials for cranio-facial applications, including ceramics, polymers and glass ceramics are presented. The book then looks at nanostructured surfaces, functionally graded biomaterials and the manufacturing of nanostructured materials via 3-D printing. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and clinicians wishing to broaden their knowledge in this important and developing field. Explores the techniques used to apply nanotechnology to biomaterials for cranio-maxillofacial and oral applications Bridges the gap between fundamental materials science and medicine Shows how nanostructured biomaterials respond when implanted in the human body

Bulletin of Prosthetics Research

Bulletin of Prosthetics Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bulletin of Prosthetics Research book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The UHMWPE Handbook

The UHMWPE Handbook Book
Author : Steven M. Kurtz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-06-26
ISBN : 0080481469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recently, the orthopedic industry developed new processing techniques (radiation crosslinking), which are expected to dramatically reduce wear and improve the longevity of hip implants beyond 10 years. This book describes the history and properties of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) used in artificial joints by describing its properties and reviewing the latest clinical results. * The most up-to-date information on the properties of UHMWPE * Endorsed by Ticona - the world's leading manufacturer of UHMWPE for medical use * An enormous 'installed base' of over 1.4 million procedures each year * UHMWPE has been used by orthopedists for over 40 years, yet its properties and performance in situ are still not well understood