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Wear Of Orthopaedic Implants And Artificial Joints

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Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints

Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints Book
Author : Saverio Affatato
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-04-12
ISBN : 0857096125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although hip, knee and other orthopaedic implants are well-established prostheses, much remains to be understood about how these implants wear in use. This important book summarises the wealth of recent research in this area and its implications for implant and joint design. After an introductory overview, the book reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear. Part one discusses fundamental issues such as tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees as well as the materials and design issues they raise for hip, knee and other types of orthopaedic implant. Part two considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints. It also covers surgical and other factors influencing wear as well as ways of detecting, analysing and predicting implant wear and failure. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints is a standard reference for implant manufacturers, surgeons and those researching this important area. Summarises the wealth of recent research into the wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints and discusses the implications for implant and joint design Reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear, tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees and the materials and design issues they raise for orthopaedic implants Considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints

Postgraduate Orthopaedics

Postgraduate Orthopaedics Book
Author : Paul A. Banaszkiewicz,Deiary F. Kader
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-08-16
ISBN : 1139561332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book has been written specifically for candidates sitting the oral part of the FRCS (Tr & Orth) examination. It presents a selection of questions arising from common clinical scenarios along with detailed model answers. The emphasis is on current concepts, evidence-based medicine and major exam topics. Edited by the team behind the successful Candidate's Guide to the FRCS (Tr & Orth) Examination, the book is structured according to the four major sections of the examination; adult elective orthopaedics, trauma, children's/hands and upper limb and applied basic science. An introductory section gives general exam guidance and end section covers common diagrams that you may be asked to draw out. Each chapter is written by a recent (successful) examination candidate and the style of each reflects the author's experience and their opinions on the best tactics for first-time success. If you are facing the FRCS (Tr & Orth) you need this book.

UHMWPE Biomaterials for Joint Implants

UHMWPE Biomaterials for Joint Implants Book
Author : Jun Fu,Zhong-Min Jin,Jin-Wu Wang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-23
ISBN : 9811369240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the latest progresses in UHMWPE biomaterials, which has been critical for the performance and longevity of joint implants. Oriented by clinical challenges to UHMWPE-based joint implants, it introduces the processing, crosslinking, structural manipulation, oxidation mechanism, stabilization, drug delivery, and wear, as well as clinical performance, biomechanics, and simulated studies of joint implant based on UHMWPE with low wear, which are aimed to tackle or minimize the adverse effect related to wear and wear debris. These contributions provide fundamentals of chemistry and physics of UHMWPEs to help understand the clinical performances of UHMWPE based joint implants. Perspectives to next generation UHMWPE to meet the unmet challenges in clinical use are included.

Tribological Performance of Artificial Joints

Tribological Performance of Artificial Joints Book
Author : Amir Kamali,J. Philippe Kretzer
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-07-01
ISBN : 3039210785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Joint replacement is a very successful medical treatment. However, the survivorship of the implants could be adversely affected due to the loss of materials in the form of particles or ions as the bearing surfaces articulate against earch other. The consequent tissue and immune response to the wear products, remain one of the key factors of their failure. Tribology has been defined as the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion and all related wear products (e.g., particles, ions, etc.). Over the last few decades, in an attempt to understand and improve joint replacement technology, the tribological performance of several material combinations have been studied experimentally and assessed clinically. In addition, research has focused on the biological effects and long term consequences of wear products. Improvements have been made in manufacturing processes, precision engineering capabilities, device designs and materials properties in order to minimize wear and friction and maximize component longevity in vivo. This book investigates the in vivo and in vitro performance of the orthopaedic implants and their advanced bearings. Contributions are solicited from the researchers working in the field of biotribology and bioengineering

Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Orthopaedic Biomechanics Book
Author : Beth A. Winkelstein
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-18
ISBN : 1439860947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given the strong current attention of orthopaedic, biomechanical, and biomedical engineering research on translational capabilities for the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of clinical disease states, the need for reviews of the state-of-art and current needs in orthopaedics is very timely. Orthopaedic Biomechanics provides an in-depth review of the current knowledge of orthopaedic biomechanics across all tissues in the musculoskeletal system, at all size scales, and with direct relevance to engineering and clinical applications. Discussing the relationship between mechanical loading, function, and biological performance, it first reviews basic structure-function relationships for most major orthopedic tissue types followed by the most-relevant structures of the body. It then addresses multiscale modeling and biologic considerations. It concludes with a look at applications of biomechanics, focusing on recent advances in theory, technology and applied engineering approaches. With contributions from leaders in the field, the book presents state-of-the-art findings, techniques, and perspectives. Much of orthopaedic, biomechanical, and biomedical engineering research is directed at the translational capabilities for the "real world". Addressing this from the perspective of diagnostics, prevention, and treatment in orthopaedic biomechanics, the book supplies novel perspectives for the interdisciplinary approaches required to translate orthopaedic biomechanics to today’s real world.

White Paper on Joint Replacement

White Paper on Joint Replacement Book
Author : Hans-Holger Bleß,Miriam Kip
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-03
ISBN : 3662559188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. White Paper on Joint Replacement This White Paper details the status of hip and knee arthroplasty care in Germany. Hip and knee replacements are amongst the most frequently performed procedures and usually become necessarily due to age-related wear of the joint, osteoarthritis and fractures of the femoral neck. In light of demographic change, demands with regard to standards of care and the procedures are likely to rise. Contents • This White Paper contains information on indications, procedures, health economic aspects and the healthcare system stakeholders involved. • It portrays current developments with regard to the prevalence of hip and knee arthroplasty, the healthcare situation and quality of care within the chain of medical care. • This book is complemented by a chapter assessing the current situation from an expert perspective with contributions from renowned experts in the fields of science, medical technology and medical practice. This book addresses people involved in shaping and representing the healthcare system from a variety of fields including medical professions, health insurances and health sciences as well as journalists and patient representatives.

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants Book
Author : Elizabeth Friis
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-24
ISBN : 008100284X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants provides readers with a thorough overview of the fundamentals of orthopedic implants and various methods of mechanical testing. Historical aspects are presented, along with case studies that are particularly useful for readers. Presents information on a range of implants, from dental to spinal implants Includes case studies throughout that help the reader understand how the content of the book is applied in practice Provides coverage and guidance on FDA regulations and requirements Focuses on application of mechanical testing methods

Multiscale Biomechanics and Tribology of Inorganic and Organic Systems

Multiscale Biomechanics and Tribology of Inorganic and Organic Systems Book
Author : Georg-Peter Ostermeyer,Valentin L. Popov,Evgeny V. Shilko,Olga S. Vasiljeva
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9783030601256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book gathers authoritative contributions concerning multiscale problems in biomechanics, geomechanics, materials science and tribology. It is written in memory of Sergey Grigorievich Psakhie to feature various aspects of his multifaceted research interests, ranging from theoretical physics, computer modeling of materials and material characterization at the atomic scale, to applications in space industry, medicine and geotectonics, and including organizational, psychological and philosophical aspects of scientific research and teaching as well. This book covers new advances relating to orthopedic implants, concerning the physiological, tribological and materials aspects of their behavior; medical and geological applications of permeable fluid-saturated materials; earthquake dynamics together with aspects relating to their managed and gentle release; lubrication, wear and material transfer in natural and artificial joints; material research in manufacturing processes; hard-soft matter interaction, including adhesive and capillary effects; using nanostructures for influencing living cells and for cancer treatment; manufacturing of surfaces with desired properties; self-organization of hierarchical structures during plastic deformation and thermal treatment; mechanics of composites and coatings; and many more. Covering established knowledge as well as new models and methods, this book provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the field, yet also with extensive details on each single topic.

Titanium Alloys

Titanium Alloys Book
Author : Jan Sieniawski,Waldemar Ziaja
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 9535111108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book contains six chapters and covers topics dealing with biomedical applications of titanium alloys, surface treatment, relationships between microstructure and mechanical and technological properties, and the effect of radiation on the structure of the titanium alloys.

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics Book
Author : Dr Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri,Ali Mohammad
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 0128137576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics provides a solid understanding of recent developments in the field of nano-composites used in orthopedics. The book covers joint replacement, the load bearing capability of fractured bones, bone soft tissue regeneration, hard tissue replacement, artificial bone grafting, bone repair, bone tissue transplantations, and related topics, thus helping readers understand how to resolve problems associated with bone fracture and orthopedic surgery. A variety of nanocomposite materials are discussed, with their properties and preparation methods given. Outlines the use of nanotechnology for bone tissue transplantation Describes nanocomposites for bone grafting and artificial bones, also including their properties Includes discussions on tissue engineering of bone and tissue regeneration and transplantation Describes many composite materials and their preparation methods

The Chemistry of Inorganic Biomaterials

The Chemistry of Inorganic Biomaterials Book
Author : Christopher Spicer
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-08-18
ISBN : 1788017536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book overviews the underlying chemistry behind the most common and cutting-edge inorganic materials in current use, or approaching use, in vivo.

Joint Replacement Technology

Joint Replacement Technology Book
Author : P.A. Revell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-07-09
ISBN : 1845694805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Joint replacement has been one of the major successes of modern medicine. Its continued success depends on effective collaboration between clinicians and researchers across many different areas in science and medicine. This important book brings together the wide range of research in this area and its implications for clinical practice. The book sets the scene with introductory chapters on joint biomechanics and tribology, materials for joint replacement and their interactions with the body, and regulatory issues. Part two reviews the use of metals and ceramics as joint replacement materials, joint design, bone cements and cementless fixation techniques, failure mechanisms and ways of predicting the lifetime of replacement joints. The third part of the book summarises research on how prosthetic joints interact with the body, including biological causes of joint failure, sterilisation techniques and the use of drug delivery systems to enhance joint replacement. The final group of chapters reviews key issues in replacing particular joints including the hip, knee, ankle, shoulder and elbow as well as developments in intervertebral disc and tempero-mandibular joint replacement technology. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Joint replacement technology is a standard reference for the engineering and materials scientific communities, as well as surgeons seeking the best treatment for their patients. Reviews joint biomechanics and tribology Considers the use of metals and ceramics as joint replacement materials, joint design and bone cements Summarises research on prosthetic interaction with the body

Perspectives in Total Hip Arthroplasty

Perspectives in Total Hip Arthroplasty Book
Author : Saverio Affatato
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-01
ISBN : 1782420398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Total hip arthroplasty, the most commonly performed orthopedic procedure, is used to replace or reconstruct the hip with an artificial joint. Perspectives in Total Hip Arthroplasty outlines developments in technologies and biomaterials used for this procedure, with a focus on the tribological interactions of the materials used. Part one outlines the history of total hip arthroplasty and goes on to explore advances in techniques and biomaterials. Part two focuses on the tribology of materials used to perform this procedure, explaining the impact of wear on the load-bearing surface, a major cause of failure in hip prostheses. Chapters review a range of materials, including modern biomaterials, hybrid materials, metal, ceramic, and polyethylene. The book also discusses the tribological interactions of these materials when used in total hip arthroplasty. Perspectives in Total Hip Arthroplasty is a key resource for clinicians, researchers, and academics interested in the tribology of total hip arthroplasty, as well as materials researchers, engineers, and academics concerned with the tribology of biomaterials. Covers techniques from innovative surgeons and designs from multinational manufacturers, as well as information on improvements in technologies and biomaterials Discusses the tribology of all the major materials used in total hip arthroplasty

Orthopedic Biomaterials

Orthopedic Biomaterials Book
Author : Bingyun Li,Thomas Webster
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-17
ISBN : 3319895427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the latest progress in the biology and manufacturing of orthopedic biomaterials, as well as key industry perspectives. Topics covered include the development of biomaterial-based medical products for orthopedic applications, anti-infection technologies for orthopedic implants, additive manufacturing of orthopedic implants, and more. This is an ideal book for graduate students, researchers and professionals working with orthopedic biomaterials and tissue engineering. This book also: Provides an industry perspective on technologies to prevent orthopedic implant related infection Thoroughly covers how to modulate innate inflammatory reactions in the application of orthopedic biomaterials Details the state-of-the-art research on 3D printed porous bone constructs

Computational Biomechanics of the Hip Joint

Computational Biomechanics of the Hip Joint Book
Author : Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-09-19
ISBN : 3642387772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents analyses of the most commonly reported failure modes of hip stems: loosening and thigh pain; both are attributed to the relative motion and instability at the bone-implant interface due to failure to achieve sufficient primary fixation. The book investigates various factors that could affect primary stability and therefore the long-term outcome of hip arthroplasty. The results complement experimental work carried out in this area as in-vitro experiments have several limitations that could be addressed through computer simulations.

Osseointegration of Orthopaedic Implants

Osseointegration of Orthopaedic Implants Book
Author : Amirhossein Goharian
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-16
ISBN : 0128133953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Osseointegration of Orthopaedic Implants helps product developers at orthopedic implant manufacturers enhance the effectiveness of orthopedic implants and reduce complications, particularly in patients with osteoporotic bones. The book's expert contributors provide cutting-edge information on the latest technologies and advances available. Biomaterial researchers can use the book for basic data in the further development of orthopedic implant materials with better osseointegration. Biomechanical researchers can review related challenges and concepts of osseointegration for use in the development of implants. The book is suitable for readers from academia and industry, bridging the knowledge gap between academic based researchers, industrial based engineers, and clinical based surgeons. Reviews and discusses all aspects of orthopedic implant osseointegration Provides conceptual implants for bone fracture fixation and joint replacement Offers novel ideas for the development of orthopedic implants with superior osseointegration

Personalized Hip and Knee Joint Replacement

Personalized Hip and Knee Joint Replacement Book
Author : Charles Rivière,Pascal-André Vendittoli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 3030242439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book describes and illustrates the surgical techniques, implants, and technologies used for the purpose of personalized implantation of hip and knee components. This new and flourishing treatment philosophy offers important benefits over conventional systematic techniques, including component positioning appropriate to individual anatomy, improved surgical reproducibility and prosthetic performance, and a reduction in complications. The techniques described in the book aim to reproduce patients’ native anatomy and physiological joint laxity, thereby improving the prosthetic hip/knee kinematics and functional outcomes in the quest of the forgotten joint. They include kinematically aligned total knee/total hip arthroplasty, partial knee replacement, and hip resurfacing. The relevance of available and emerging technological tools for these personalized approaches is also explained, with coverage of, for example, robotics, computer-assisted surgery, and augmented reality. Contributions from surgeons who are considered world leaders in diverse fields of this novel surgical philosophy make this open access book will invaluable to a wide readership, from trainees at all levels to consultants practicing lower limb surgery

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System Book
Author : Zhongmin Jin,Junyan Li,Zhenxian Chen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-09-29
ISBN : 0128227621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System: Biomaterials and Tissues, Second Edition reviews how a wide range of materials are modeled and applied. Chapters cover basic concepts for modeling of biomechanics and biotribology, the fundamentals of computational modeling of biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, finite element modeling in the musculoskeletal system, computational modeling from a cells and tissues perspective, and computational modeling of the biomechanics and biotribology interactions, looking at complex joint structures. This book is a comprehensive resource for professionals in the biomedical market, materials scientists and biomechanical engineers, and academics in related fields. This important new edition provides an up-to-date overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application, including new content on novel technologies, biomorphic hydroxyapatite and more. Provides detailed, introductory coverage of modeling of cells and tissues, modeling of biomaterials and interfaces, biomechanics and biotribology Discusses applications of modeling for joint replacements and applications of computational modeling in tissue engineering Offers a holistic perspective, from cells and small ligaments to complex joint interactions

Implant Wear

Implant Wear Book
Author : National Institutes of Health (U.S.),American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Publisher : Amer Academy of Orthopaedic
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Summary of the clinical implications, biological consequences, and the biomechanics and biomaterials concepts relevant to wear of total joint replacements, including the generation and consequences of wear debris. Suggests future directions for research a

Histological Diagnosis of Implant associated Pathologies

Histological Diagnosis of Implant associated Pathologies Book
Author : Veit Krenn,Giorgio Perino
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-09
ISBN : 3662542048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Histological evaluation of the periprosthetic soft and osseous tissues is an important analytical tool. Its standardization is essential to generate accurate and reproducible data which allow comparisons for academic institutions, arthroplasty registries, and government regulatory agencies worldwide. It is also part of multidisciplinary evaluation of orthopedic implant failures and provides valuable information to be integrated with the clinical data, allergological tests, radiological exams, microbiological analysis, and biomechanical assessment of the implant wear.