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Waterborne Pathogens

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Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : Helen Bridle
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-13
ISBN : 0444595465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives an overview of advanced emerging technologies for the detection of a range of waterborne pathogens. The book will present existing methodology and highlight where improvements can be made, as well as have a strong focus on applications and the ways in which new technology could be applied in water management. Additionally, it addresses issues of sample preparation (from sampling to concentration and enrichment), a key stage in any detection protocol. Covers the gap of specific sound methods of pathogen detection by fulfulling the need for a concept book on the novel technologies for pathogen detection in water Presents all cutting-edge technologies for pathogen detection in water as well as recent emerging technologies Addresses all three types of pathogens; this combined knowledge helps to understand all potential pathogens in water

Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-02
ISBN : 9780128187838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waterborne Pathogens: Detection and Treatment delivers the tools and techniques on how to identify these contaminates and apply the most effective technology for their removal and treatment. Written for researchers and practicing professionals, the book starts with a brief, but readable, review of ubiquitous waterborne pathogens (primarily viruses, bacterial and parasitic protozoa). This coverage is followed by an in-depth discussion of the latest detection and treatment technologies, ranging from Biosensors, to Nanoconjugates, Membrane Based Technologies and Nanotechnology Treatment. Engineers and scientist will find this to be a valuable reference on cutting-edge techniques for suppling safe drinking water across the globe. Explains the latest research on detection, treatment processes and remediation technologies Includes sampling, analytical and characterization methods and approaches Covers cutting-edge research, including Membrane Based Technologies, Nanotechnology Treatment Technologies and Bioremediation Treatment Technologies Provides background information regarding contamination sources

Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases

Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases Book
Author : Steven L. Percival,Marylynn V. Yates,David Williams,Rachel Chalmers,Nicholas Gray
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-11-08
ISBN : 0124159761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases describes the diseases associated with water, their causative agents and the ways in which they gain access to water systems. The book is divided into sections covering bacteria, protozoa, and viruses. Other sections detail methods for detecting and identifying waterborne microorganisms, and the ways in which they are removed from water, including chlorine, ozone, and ultraviolet disinfection. The second edition of this handbook has been updated with information on biofilms and antimicrobial resistance. The impact of global warming and climate change phenomena on waterborne illnesses are also discussed. This book serves as an indispensable reference for public health microbiologists, water utility scientists, research water pollution microbiologists environmental health officers, consultants in communicable disease control and microbial water pollution students. Focuses on the microorganisms of most significance to public health, including E. coli, cryptosporidium, and enterovirus Highlights the basic microbiology, clinical features, survival in the environment, and gives a risk assessment for each pathogen Contains new material on antimicrobial resistance and biofilms Covers drinking water and both marine and freshwater recreational bathing waters

Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : Helen Bridle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-17
ISBN : 0444643192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waterborne Pathogens: Detection Methods and Applications, Second Edition, gives an overview of advanced and emerging technologies in the detection of a range of waterborne pathogens. In addition, the book presents existing methodologies, highlights where improvements can be made, includes applications, and touches on the ways in which new technologies can be applied in water management. Finally, the book addresses issues of sample preparation (from sampling, to concentration and enrichment), a key stage in any detection protocol. Gives an overview of advanced emerging technologies in the detection of a range of waterborne pathogens Ensures the latest research developments, along with other changes in the sector, e.g., regulations and approaches are current Provides an overview of the existing approaches and key challenges before discussing sample processing and detection Presents existing methodologies and highlights where improvements can be made

Waterborne Pathogens 2nd Ed M48

Waterborne Pathogens  2nd Ed   M48  Book
Author : AWWA Staff
Publisher : American Water Works Association
Release : 2011-01-12
ISBN : 1613000251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Waterborne Pathogens 2nd Ed M48 book written by AWWA Staff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microbial Waterborne Pathogens

Microbial Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : Thomas E. Cloete,Joan B. Rose,L. H. Nel,T. Ford
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2004-08-31
ISBN : 1843390558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the developed world, the connection between water, hygiene and health is taken for granted. However, for the less fortunate majority, access to potable water is non-existent and remains a daily struggle. Bacteria, viruses and parasites in contaminated water cause water borne disease. Of concern are the so-called new emerging pathogens, contributing to water borne disease, one of the biggest human tragedies, killing more than 5 million people each year. About 2.3 billion people suffer from diseases linked to contaminated water and some 6,000 people die daily as a result of this. Some 60% of all infant mortality worldwide is linked to water-related infectious and parasitic diseases. Treating water before use can eliminate most of these waterborne pathogens. The essential starting point is knowledge of the disease-causing organisms, the detection techniques, and the epidemiology, which is the focus of this book. Microbial Waterborne Pathogens provides up-to-date coverage of waterborne microbial pathogens including traditional and emerging pathogens and the latest molecular detection techniques. The link between climate and disease is covered in the book and indicates future approaches to dealing with this important area as we face the effects of global climate change All the existing and emerging pathogens including bacteria, viruses and protozoa are reviewed. The characteristics of each organism are discussed in detail as well as their epidemiology. Methods for the detection of these pathogens, traditional and new are presented. Microbial Waterborne Pathogens provides students, academics and practitioners with a complete reference book on the microbiological quality and safety of potable water.

Waterborne Zoonoses

Waterborne Zoonoses Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9241562730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Zoonoses are infectious diseases that can be transmitted from animals (both wild and domestic) to humans. A significant number of emerging and re-emerging waterborne zoonotic pathogens have been recognised over recent decades, such as SARS, E. coli, campylobacter and cryptosporidium. This publication assesses current knowledge about waterborne zoonoses and identifies strategies and research needs for anticipating and controlling future emerging water-related diseases, in order to better protect the health of both humans and animals. It is based on the discussions of a workshop held in the United States in September 2003, which included 29 experts from 14 countries and diverse disciplines including microbiology, water epidemiology, medicine, sanitary engineering, food safety and regulatory policy.

Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : Emmanuelle Guillot,Jean-Francois Loret
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2009-11-15
ISBN : 1843391791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Infectious diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses and protozoa, are the most common and widespread health risk associated with drinking water. Most waterborne pathogens are introduced into drinking water supplies by human or animal faeces (enteric pathogens) but they can also exist naturally in water environments as indigenous aquatic micro-organisms. Controlling the risks related to these pathogens is a permanent challenge for the water industry. In addition to the constantly evolving range of pathogens to consider, assessing and managing such risks requires the integration of information issued by a wide range of disciplines. The necessary knowledge is however still sketchy and incomplete for most pathogens, and research efforts are necessary to fill the remaining gaps of knowledge. The purpose of this study is to provide an updated, comprehensive review of current knowledge on a selection of pathogens of interest for the drinking water industry, and to identify the remaining gaps of knowledge and thus the necessary research to be conducted. Emphasis has been laid on the information needed to assess and manage the risks related to each of these pathogens in drinking water production and distribution. The pathogens considered in this review were selected on the basis of: Their recognized or highly suspected transmission by drinking water through ingestion, inhalation, or contact Their recognized pathogenic character for humans The severity of their health effects Each micro-organism in this study is described in a summary fact sheet composed of the following items: microbiology, human health effects, geographical distribution, epidemiology, ecology, inactivation/removal, surrogates, environmental detection and research needs. Since much remains unknown about many aspects that are common to viruses, the study features a general section on virus research needs. A special section summarizes the risk management research conducted on waterborne pathogens. Finally, the conclusion gives an overview of the main gaps in current knowledge on waterborne pathogens. Visit the IWA WaterWiki to read and share material related to this title: http://www.iwawaterwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Articles/WaterbornePathogens

Management of Legionella in Water Systems

Management of Legionella in Water Systems Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Board on Life Sciences,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Management of Legionella in Water Systems
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2020-02-20
ISBN : 030949382X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Legionnaires' disease, a pneumonia caused by the Legionella bacterium, is the leading cause of reported waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States. Legionella occur naturally in water from many different environmental sources, but grow rapidly in the warm, stagnant conditions that can be found in engineered water systems such as cooling towers, building plumbing, and hot tubs. Humans are primarily exposed to Legionella through inhalation of contaminated aerosols into the respiratory system. Legionnaires' disease can be fatal, with between 3 and 33 percent of Legionella infections leading to death, and studies show the incidence of Legionnaires' disease in the United States increased five-fold from 2000 to 2017. Management of Legionella in Water Systems reviews the state of science on Legionella contamination of water systems, specifically the ecology and diagnosis. This report explores the process of transmission via water systems, quantification, prevention and control, and policy and training issues that affect the incidence of Legionnaires' disease. It also analyzes existing knowledge gaps and recommends research priorities moving forward.

Removal of Emerging Waterborne Pathogens

Removal of Emerging Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : Gregory W. Harrington,AWWA Research Foundation
Publisher : American Water Works Association
Release : 2001
ISBN : 158321092X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Removal of Emerging Waterborne Pathogens book written by Gregory W. Harrington,AWWA Research Foundation, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Indicators for Waterborne Pathogens

Indicators for Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Indicators for Waterborne Pathogens
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2004-05-19
ISBN : 9780309165969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent and forecasted advances in microbiology, molecular biology, and analytical chemistry have made it timely to reassess the current paradigm of relying predominantly or exclusively on traditional bacterial indicators for all types of waterborne pathogens. Nonetheless, indicator approaches will still be required for the foreseeable future because it is not practical or feasible to monitor for the complete spectrum of microorganisms that may occur in water, and many known pathogens are difficult to detect directly and reliably in water samples. This comprehensive report recommends the development and use of a “tool box†approach by the U.S Environmental Protection Agency and others for assessing microbial water quality in which available indicator organisms (and/or pathogens in some cases) and detection method(s) are matched to the requirements of a particular application. The report further recommends the use of a phased, three-level monitoring framework to support the selection of indicators and indicator approaches.Â

Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : M.N.V Prasad,Anna Grobelak
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-02-07
ISBN : 0128187840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waterborne Pathogens: Detection and Treatment delivers the tools and techniques on how to identify these contaminates and apply the most effective technology for their removal and treatment. Written for researchers and practicing professionals, the book starts with a brief, but readable, review of ubiquitous waterborne pathogens (primarily viruses, bacterial and parasitic protozoa). This coverage is followed by an in-depth discussion of the latest detection and treatment technologies, ranging from Biosensors, to Nanoconjugates, Membrane Based Technologies and Nanotechnology Treatment. Engineers and scientist will find this to be a valuable reference on cutting-edge techniques for suppling safe drinking water across the globe. Explains the latest research on detection, treatment processes and remediation technologies Includes sampling, analytical and characterization methods and approaches Covers cutting-edge research, including Membrane Based Technologies, Nanotechnology Treatment Technologies and Bioremediation Treatment Technologies Provides background information regarding contamination sources

Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : Helen Bridle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-06
ISBN : 0444643206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waterborne Pathogens: Detection Methods and Applications, Second Edition, gives an overview of advanced and emerging technologies in the detection of a range of waterborne pathogens. In addition, the book presents existing methodologies, highlights where improvements can be made, includes applications, and touches on the ways in which new technologies can be applied in water management. Finally, the book addresses issues of sample preparation (from sampling, to concentration and enrichment), a key stage in any detection protocol. Gives an overview of advanced emerging technologies in the detection of a range of waterborne pathogens Ensures the latest research developments, along with other changes in the sector, e.g., regulations and approaches are current Provides an overview of the existing approaches and key challenges before discussing sample processing and detection Presents existing methodologies and highlights where improvements can be made

Waterborne Pathogens

Waterborne Pathogens Book
Author : American Water Works Association
Publisher : American Water Works Association
Release : 2006
ISBN : 1583214038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Updated from the 1999 edition, this manual provides critical information regarding waterborne viral, bacterial and parasitic pathogens. Each pathogen is described along with its health effects, and water treatment techniques for destroying the pathogens. Also covered are cross-connection control, dead-end flushing, and hydrant flushing. This manual is intended for water operators, engineers, water quality personnel and students to learn how to monitor, sample and test waters for pathogens, optimize treatment plant performance and maintain high water quality standards. Updated from the 1999 edition, this manual provides critical information regarding waterborne viral, bacterial and parasitic pathogens. Each pathogen is described along with its health effects, and water treatment techniques for destroying the pathogens. Also covered are cross-connection control, dead-end flushing, and hydrant flushing. This manual is intended for water operators, engineers, water quality personnel and students to learn how to monitor, sample and test waters for pathogens, optimize treatment plant performance and maintain high water quality standards.

Emerging Issues in Water and Infectious Disease

Emerging Issues in Water and Infectious Disease Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003-01-01
ISBN : 9789241590822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Infectious, water-related diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This publication helps to broaden awareness of emerging issued in water and infectious disease and to guide readers to sources of information that deal with these issues in greater depth.

Encyclopedia of Epidemiology

Encyclopedia of Epidemiology Book
Author : Sarah Boslaugh,Louise-Anne McNutt
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1412928168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents information from the field of epidemiology in a less technical, more accessible format. Covers major topics in epidemiology, from risk ratios to case-control studies to mediating and moderating variables, and more. Relevant topics from related fields such as biostatistics and health economics are also included.

The Coliform Index and Waterborne Disease

The Coliform Index and Waterborne Disease Book
Author : Cara Gleeson,Nick Gray
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-12-05
ISBN : 0203476883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past decade there has been a rapid increase in waterborne outbreaks of disease associated with viral and protozoan agents, normally in drinking waters that were found to be microbially safe using the Coliform Index.For nearly a quarter of a century indicator organisms, in particular the coliform group, have been used to ensure the microbial

Global Issues in Water Sanitation and Health

Global Issues in Water  Sanitation  and Health Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-10-25
ISBN : 0309138728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the human population grows-tripling in the past century while, simultaneously, quadrupling its demand for water-Earth's finite freshwater supplies are increasingly strained, and also increasingly contaminated by domestic, agricultural, and industrial wastes. Today, approximately one-third of the world's population lives in areas with scarce water resources. Nearly one billion people currently lack access to an adequate water supply, and more than twice as many lack access to basic sanitation services. It is projected that by 2025 water scarcity will affect nearly two-thirds of all people on the planet. Recognizing that water availability, water quality, and sanitation are fundamental issues underlying infectious disease emergence and spread, the Institute of Medicine held a two-day public workshop, summarized in this volume. Through invited presentations and discussions, participants explored global and local connections between water, sanitation, and health; the spectrum of water-related disease transmission processes as they inform intervention design; lessons learned from water-related disease outbreaks; vulnerabilities in water and sanitation infrastructure in both industrialized and developing countries; and opportunities to improve water and sanitation infrastructure so as to reduce the risk of water-related infectious disease.

CDC Yellow Book 2018 Health Information for International Travel

CDC Yellow Book 2018  Health Information for International Travel Book
Author : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-04-17
ISBN : 0190628634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

THE ESSENTIAL WORK IN TRAVEL MEDICINE -- NOW COMPLETELY UPDATED FOR 2018 As unprecedented numbers of travelers cross international borders each day, the need for up-to-date, practical information about the health challenges posed by travel has never been greater. For both international travelers and the health professionals who care for them, the CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel is the definitive guide to staying safe and healthy anywhere in the world. The fully revised and updated 2018 edition codifies the U.S. government's most current health guidelines and information for international travelers, including pretravel vaccine recommendations, destination-specific health advice, and easy-to-reference maps, tables, and charts. The 2018 Yellow Book also addresses the needs of specific types of travelers, with dedicated sections on: · Precautions for pregnant travelers, immunocompromised travelers, and travelers with disabilities · Special considerations for newly arrived adoptees, immigrants, and refugees · Practical tips for last-minute or resource-limited travelers · Advice for air crews, humanitarian workers, missionaries, and others who provide care and support overseas Authored by a team of the world's most esteemed travel medicine experts, the Yellow Book is an essential resource for travelers -- and the clinicians overseeing their care -- at home and abroad.

Providing Safe Drinking Water in Small Systems

Providing Safe Drinking Water in Small Systems Book
Author : Joseph Cotruvo,Gunther F. Craun,Nancy Hearne
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-01-15
ISBN : 1351420984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The continued lack of access to adequate amounts of safe drinking water is one of the primary causes of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide and a serious situation which governments, international agencies and private organizations are striving to alleviate. Barriers to providing safe drinking water for rural areas and small communities that must be overcome include the financing and stability of small systems, their operation, and appropriate, cost-effective technologies to treat and deliver water to consumers. While we know how to technically produce safe drinking water, we are not always able to achieve sustainable safe water supplies for small systems in developed and developing countries. Everyone wants to move rapidly to reach the goal of universal safe drinking water, because safe water is the most fundamental essential element for personal and social health and welfare. Without safe water and a safe environment, sustained personal economic and cultural development is impossible. Often small rural systems are the last in the opportunity line. Safe Drinking Water in Small Systems describes feasible technologies, operating procedures, management, and financing opportunities to alleviate problems faced by small water systems in both developed and developing countries. In addition to widely used traditional technologies this reference presents emerging technologies and non-traditional approaches to water treatment, management, sources of energy, and the delivery of safe water.