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Water Scarcity And Sustainable Agriculture In Semiarid Environment

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Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment Book
Author : Ivan Francisco Garcia Tejero,Victor Hugo Duran Zuazo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-03
ISBN : 0128131659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment: Tools, Strategies and Challenges for Woody Crops explores the complex relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use efficiency, crop-water stress management and modeling water scarcity in woody crops. Understanding these cause- and effect relationships and identifying the most appropriate responses are critical for sustainable crop production. The book focuses on Mediterranean environments to explain how to determine the most appropriate strategy and implement an effective plan; however, core concepts are translational to other regions. Informative for those working in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology and sustainable agriculture. Focuses on semi-arid crops including olive, vine, citrus, almonds, peach, nectarine, plum, subtropical fruits and others Explores crop physiological responses to drought at plant, cellular and/or molecular levels Presents tool options for assessing crop-water status and irrigation scheduling

Land and Water Management in Southern Africa

Land and Water Management in Southern Africa Book
Author : Calvin Nhira,Alfred Mapiki,Sello Patrick Rankhumise
Publisher : African Books Collective
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0798302143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) and its Member States are making renewed efforts to revive agriculture in the region. Given that much of it is water-stressed, appropriate and sustainable land and water management practices are vital to achieving this objective. Recognising this, SADC's Land and Water Management Applied Research and Training Programme has convened two scientific symposiums. Held in Lilongwe, Malawi, in February 2006, the inaugural symposium brought together R&D practitioners from 10 participating SADC countries to deliberate on land and water management for sustainable agriculture, and discuss how the most recent research and development advances in land and water management might be made more relevant to policy-makers as well as the region's small-scale farmers. The edited contributions to the first symposium appear in this volume. The second symposium was held in Gaborone, Botswana, in February 2007, and brought together regional experts to discuss opportunities for improving water use and water use efficiency in agriculture in semi-arid and arid areas. The edited contributions to the second symposium appear in a companion volume entitled Land and Water Management in Southern Africa: Towards Better Water Use in Agriculture in Semi-Arid and Arid Areas (AISA 2008). It is hoped that these two volumes will help to disseminate regional expertise on land and water management to a wider audience, thus helping policy-makers and others to strengthen the agricultural sector in the region, and, in so doing, improve its food security and the wellbeing of its people.

Irrigation in Agroecosystems

Irrigation in Agroecosystems Book
Author : Gabrijel Ondrasek
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-01-23
ISBN : 1789849233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The agroecosystem is one of the most fascinating, purposely human-created functional units, by which human species made a huge leap from predators and nomads to food growers (agriculturists). Irrigation is one of the oldest and still one of the most effective agricultural practices for providing continuous and quality foodstuffs.

Soil Health Restoration and Management

Soil Health Restoration and Management Book
Author : Ram Swaroop Meena
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-23
ISBN : 981138570X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meeting the food requirements of an ever-increasing population is a pressing challenge for every country around the globe. Soil degradation has a negative impact on food security by reducing the cultivated land areas, while at the same time the world population is predicted to increase to 9.2 billion in 2050. Soil degradation adversely affects soil function and productivity and degraded soils now amount to 6 billion ha worldwide. The major factors are salinization, erosion, depletion of nutrients due to exhaustive agricultural practices and contamination with toxic metal ions and agrochemicals, which reduces the activity of soil microbe. In addition, poor soil management also decreases fertility. As such, measures are required to restore the soil health and productivity: organic matter, beneficial microorganisms and nutrient dynamics can all improve the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Understanding the role of soil health restoration and management in sustainability and nutritional security calls for a holistic approach to assess soil functions and examine the contributions of a particular management system within a defined timescale. Further, best management practices in cropping systems are important in ensuring sustainability and food and nutritional security without compromising the soil quality and productivity potential. Rational soil management practices must allow environmentally and economically sustainable yields and restoration of soil health.

Water and Sustainable Agriculture

Water and Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Iván Francisco García-Tejero,Víctor Hugo Durán-Zuazo,José Luis Muriel-Fernández,Carmen Rocío Rodríguez-Pleguezuelo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-03
ISBN : 9789400720916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Irrigated agriculture, a vital component of general agriculture, supplies fruits, vegetables, and cereals consumed by humans and grains fed to animals. Consequently, agriculture is the largest user of fresh water globally, and irrigation practices in many parts of the world are biologically, economically, and socially unsustainable. Water management should balance the need for agricultural water and the need for a sustainable environment. Water-use efficiency is the prime challenge in worldwide farming practices where problems of water shortages are widespread. Currently, agriculture is undergoing significant changes in innovative irrigation, fertilizer technology, and agronomic expertise. These elements constitute a vital platform for sustainable agricultural success and for preventing environmental damage. This review presents several processes linked to environmental irrigation, balancing environmental protection with improved agricultural production.

Climate Change Intercropping Pest Control and Beneficial Microorganisms

Climate Change  Intercropping  Pest Control and Beneficial Microorganisms Book
Author : Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-23
ISBN : 9789048127160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable agriculture is a rapidly growing field aiming at producing food and energy in a sustainable way for humans and their children. Sustainable agriculture is a discipline that addresses current issues such as climate change, increasing food and fuel prices, poor-nation starvation, rich-nation obesity, water pollution, soil erosion, fertility loss, pest control, and biodiversity depletion. Novel, environmentally-friendly solutions are proposed based on integrated knowledge from sciences as diverse as agronomy, soil science, molecular biology, chemistry, toxicology, ecology, economy, and social sciences. Indeed, sustainable agriculture decipher mechanisms of processes that occur from the molecular level to the farming system to the global level at time scales ranging from seconds to centuries. For that, scientists use the system approach that involves studying components and interactions of a whole system to address scientific, economic and social issues. In that respect, sustainable agriculture is not a classical, narrow science. Instead of solving problems using the classical painkiller approach that treats only negative impacts, sustainable agriculture treats problem sources. Because most actual society issues are now intertwined, global, and fast-developing, sustainable agriculture will bring solutions to build a safer world. This book series gathers review articles that analyze current agricultural issues and knowledge, then propose alternative solutions. It will therefore help all scientists, decision-makers, professors, farmers and politicians who wish to build a safe agriculture, energy and food system for future generations.

Technologies for Rainfed Agriculture in Mediterranean Climates

Technologies for Rainfed Agriculture in Mediterranean Climates Book
Author : Peter Oram,C. de Haan
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 1995-01-01
ISBN : 9780821334331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report describes the results of a survey of 1,000 multinational corporations undertaken in 1992 which asked about the importance of environmental issues in investment decisions. The survey shows that most large corporations look systematically at environmental questions when they decide where to invest. Environmental problems appear to have discouraged a number of investments across different industries and the question of liability for past pollution problems at industrial sites was the greatest concern for investors.

Sustainable Agriculture in Print

Sustainable Agriculture in Print Book
Author : Barry Leonard
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 1997-06
ISBN : 9780788174957
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An annotated bibliography of current books on sustainable and alternative agriculture. Entries include title, author, editor, publisher, and annotation. Indexed by author and editor. Includes update of current books for 1998.

Regional Land Cover Changes Sustainable Agriculture and Their Interactions with Global Change

Regional Land Cover Changes  Sustainable Agriculture and Their Interactions with Global Change Book
Author : Veena Ravichandran
Publisher : Universities Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9788173712692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Book Captures The Stimulating Deliberations Of The Costed Workshop On Regional Land Cover Changes, Sustainable Agriculture And Their Impacts On Global Change , Held At Chennai During December 16 19, 1996. The Papers Presented Cover Wide-Ranging Issues Relating To The Sustainable Use Of Natural Resources, Institutional Arrangements For Land Use Policy, Global Change Concerns In The Region Brought About By Unsustainable Agriculture Systems And Land Use Practices, Etc.

Coping with Water Scarcity

Coping with Water Scarcity Book
Author : Luis Santos Pereira,Ian Cordery,Iacovos Iacovides
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-03-22
ISBN : 1402095791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the main problems confronting the world of the 21st Century is a shortage of water. There is already severe scarcity in many regions of the world, causing tremendous problems for local populations and indeed entire societies. There is insufficient water available for the production of food to alleviate poverty and starvation; the lack of water hampers industrial, urban and tourism development, forcing restrictions on other sectors, especially agriculture; health problems arise as the deterioration of ground and surface waters favours water-borne diseases, which flourish in the absence of decent water distribution and sewerage systems. Water conflicts still arise in areas under stress, while water for nature has become a vanishing priority in such zones. This book is a guide to the establishment of regional and/or local guidelines for developing and implementing new ideas for coping with water scarcity. The basic premise underlying the book is that water scarcity will persist, so personal, human and society-wide skills will be needed to cope with it while living in harmony with the necessary environmental constraints. The book provides basic information to assist decision makers, water managers, engineers, agronomists, social scientists and other professions (and their students) in formulating coherent, hopefully harmonious and consolidated views on the issue. Guidelines are also given for introducing the general public to the concept of water scarcity and how to deal with it.

Global Change and Regional Impacts

Global Change and Regional Impacts Book
Author : Thomas Gaiser,Maarten Krol,Horst Frischkorn,Jose C. de Araujo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9783540438243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a summary of the main research results and the presentations given at the final conference of the WAVES Program on June 25-26, 2001 in Fortaleza (Brazil). Global climatic change will most likely affect natural resources and human living conditions in semi-arid regions. The authors present disciplinary as well as integrative methods to assess these impacts considering the interactions between climate variability and change, water availability, land-use systems, and quality of life.

Farming for Food and Water Security

Farming for Food and Water Security Book
Author : Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-06-30
ISBN : 9400745001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable agriculture is a rapidly growing field aiming at producing food and energy in a sustainable way for our children. This discipline addresses current issues such as climate change, increasing food and fuel prices, starvation, obesity, water pollution, soil erosion, fertility loss, pest control and biodiversity depletion. Novel solutions are proposed based on integrated knowledge from agronomy, soil science, molecular biology, chemistry, toxicology, ecology, economy, philosophy and social sciences. As actual society issues are now intertwined, sustainable agriculture will bring solutions to build a safer world. This book series analyzes current agricultural issues and proposes alternative solutions, consequently helping all scientists, decision-makers, professors, farmers and politicians wishing to build safe agriculture, energy and food systems for future generations.

Improving Crop Productivity in Sustainable Agriculture

Improving Crop Productivity in Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Narendra Tuteja,Sarvajeet S. Gill,Renu Tuteja
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-10-11
ISBN : 3527665196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An up-to-date overview of current progress in improving crop quality and quantity using modern methods. With a particular emphasis on genetic engineering, this text focusses on crop improvement under adverse conditions, paying special attention to such staple crops as rice, maize, and pulses. It includes an excellent mix of specific examples, such as the creation of nutritionally-fortified rice and a discussion of the political and economic implications of genetically engineered food. The result is a must-have hands-on guide, ideally suited for the biotech and agro industries.

Arid Legumes for Sustainable Agriculture and Trade Vol 1

Arid Legumes for Sustainable Agriculture and Trade  Vol  1  Book
Author : A. Henry,D. Kumar
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 9387913600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The volume contents aspects as crops i.e. Clusterbean, Mothbean, Cowpea, Horsegram, Mungbean, Rice bean, Indian bean, Winged bean and other minor pulses grown in arid and semi-arid regions.