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Water Scarcity And Sustainable Agriculture In Semiarid Environment

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Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-05
ISBN : 9781642240498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The availability of adequate freshwater has become a limiting factor of the quality of life, worldwide. More than availability, the problem is often the rational use of water than ensure its continuality. In the semi-arid and arid regions water scarcity was always a dominant problem moreover, the interference with the natural hydrologic cycle as a result of overexploitation of both surface and ground waters and of changes in land usage resulted not only in the reduction of the available water amounts but also in the deterioration of the water quality due to pollution from urban, industrial and agricultural practices and salinity build-up in soil and water. Such a situation is in all cases a pretext for discord and assignment of blame on those supposedly responsible for the deterioration of the water accessibility , especially in view of the possible high cost and technical complexity of the measures that need to be taken for remedying and alleviating the situation.Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment presents insight into the multifaceted relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use effectiveness, and crop-water stress management as for sustainable crop production these cause- and effect relationships and classifying the most apposite responses are vital.Ample evidence exists that improved on-farm water management can close water-related yield gaps to a considerable degree, but its global significance remains unclear. In this book, we investigate systematically to what extent integrated crop water management might contribute to closing the global food gap, constrained by the assumption that pressure on water resources and land does not increase. This book serves as a helpful guide to students, practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and research institutions in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology, and sustainable agriculture.

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment Book
Author : Ivan Francisco Garcia Tejero,Victor Hugo Duran Zuazo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-03
ISBN : 0128131659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment: Tools, Strategies and Challenges for Woody Crops explores the complex relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use efficiency, crop-water stress management and modeling water scarcity in woody crops. Understanding these cause- and effect relationships and identifying the most appropriate responses are critical for sustainable crop production. The book focuses on Mediterranean environments to explain how to determine the most appropriate strategy and implement an effective plan; however, core concepts are translational to other regions. Informative for those working in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology and sustainable agriculture. Focuses on semi-arid crops including olive, vine, citrus, almonds, peach, nectarine, plum, subtropical fruits and others Explores crop physiological responses to drought at plant, cellular and/or molecular levels Presents tool options for assessing crop-water status and irrigation scheduling

Resources Use Efficiency in Agriculture

Resources Use Efficiency in Agriculture Book
Author : Sandeep Kumar,Ram Swaroop Meena,Manoj Kumar Jhariya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9811569533
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Achieving zero hunger and food security is a top priority in the United Nations Development Goals (UNDGs). In an era characterized by high population growth and increasing pressure on agricultural systems, efficiency in the use of natural resources has become central to sustainable agricultural practices. Fundamentally speaking, eco-efficiency is about maximizing agricultural outputs, in terms of quantity and quality, using less land, water, nutrients, energy, labor, or capital. The concept of eco-efficiency involves both the ecological and economic aspects of sustainable agriculture. It is therefore essential to understand the interaction of ecosystem constituents within the extensive agricultural landscape, as well as farmers economic needs. This book examines the latest eco-efficient practices used in agro-systems. Drawing upon research and examples from around the world, it offers an up-to-date overview, together with insights into directly applicable approaches for poly-cropping systems and landscape-scale management to improve the stability of agricultural production systems, helping achieve food security. The book will be of interest to educators, researchers, climate change scientists, capacity builders and policymakers alike. It can also be used as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate courses on agriculture, forestry, soil science, and the environmental sciences.

Agro Environmental Sustainability in MENA Regions

Agro Environmental Sustainability in MENA Regions Book
Author : Mohamed Abu-hashim,Faiza Khebour Allouche,Abdelazim Negm
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-11
ISBN : 3030785742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the status quo and the latest information on the water-soil-agriculture nexus in the MENA countries. It presents several case studies and applications from e.g. Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Jordan, while also sharing and discussing the latest findings. The content includes a range of agriculture-related topics that focus on: water resources management, impacts of climate change, and wastewater treatment for reuse in agriculture sectors; in addition, sustainable approaches to agricultural-based industry, organic crop production, crop water requirements, and soil environment are discussed in an updated and comprehensive review. In turn, the book discusses the applications of GIS and remote sensing as a new technology for better agriculture management, as well as its use in Egypt as a representative country. In closing, it considers the implementation of an environmental information system in data-scarce MENA countries from the standpoint of the water-food nexus, and addresses the question of climate justice in the MENA region. Exploring various dimensions of MENA country-based case studies on achieving sustainable agriculture, the book offers an invaluable source of topical information for agricultural sustainability-related stakeholders in the region, researchers and graduate students alike.

Irrigation in Agroecosystems

Irrigation in Agroecosystems Book
Author : Gabrijel Ondrasek
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-01-23
ISBN : 1789849233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The agroecosystem is one of the most fascinating, purposely human-created functional units, by which human species made a huge leap from predators and nomads to food growers (agriculturists). Irrigation is one of the oldest and still one of the most effective agricultural practices for providing continuous and quality foodstuffs.

Chromosome Manipulation for Plant Breeding Purposes

Chromosome Manipulation for Plant Breeding Purposes Book
Author : Pilar Prieto
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-29
ISBN : 3036500243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ability to exploit the potential of wild relatives carrying beneficial traits is a major goal in breeding programs. However, it relies on the possibility of the chromosomes from the crop and wild species in interspecific crosses to recognize, associate, and undergo crossover formation during meiosis, the cellular process responsible for producing gametes with half the genetic content of their parent cells. Unfortunately, in most cases, a barrier exists preventing successful hybridization between the wild and crop chromosomes. Understanding the mechanisms controlling chromosome associations during meiosis are of great interest in plant breeding and will allow chromosome manipulation to introduce genetic variability from related species into a crop. In addition to interspecific hybrids, other materials, such as natural and synthetic polyploids and introgression lines derived from allopolyploids, among others, are powerful tools in the framework of plant breeding. For example, an extra pair of alien chromosomes in the full genome complement of a crop species has been frequently used as a first step to access genetic variation from the secondary gene pool in breeding programs. In addition, such introgression lines are also pivotal in the study of interspecific genetic interactions, in the chromosomal location of genetic markers, and in the study of chromosome structure and behavior in somatic and meiotic cells. Contained in this Special Issue are accounts of original research, including new tools to identify chromosome introgressions and the development and characterization of introgression lines and interspecific hybrids carrying desirable agronomic traits for plant breeding purposes. Also included are reviews about the chromosome engineering of tropical cash crops and the effect of chromosome structure on chromosome associations and recombination during meiosis to allow chromosome manipulation in the framework of plant breeding.

Photosynthesis Respiration and Climate Change

Photosynthesis  Respiration  and Climate Change Book
Author : Katie M. Becklin,Joy K. Ward,Danielle A. Way
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-31
ISBN : 3030649261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and global climate conditions have altered photosynthesis and plant respiration across both geologic and contemporary time scales. Understanding climate change effects on plant carbon dynamics is critical for predicting plant responses to future growing conditions. Furthermore, demand for biofuel, fibre and food production is rapidly increasing with the ever-expanding global human population, and our ability to meet these demands is exacerbated by climate change. This volume integrates physiological, ecological, and evolutionary perspectives on photosynthesis and respiration responses to climate change. We explore this topic in the context of modeling plant responses to climate, including physiological mechanisms that constrain carbon assimilation and the potential for plants to acclimate to rising carbon dioxide concentration, warming temperatures and drought. Additional chapters contrast climate change responses in natural and agricultural ecosystems, where differences in climate sensitivity between different photosynthetic pathways can influence community and ecosystem processes. Evolutionary studies over past and current time scales provide further insight into evolutionary changes in photosynthetic traits, the emergence of novel plant strategies, and the potential for rapid evolutionary responses to future climate conditions. Finally, we discuss novel approaches to engineering photosynthesis and photorespiration to improve plant productivity for the future. The overall goals for this volume are to highlight recent advances in photosynthesis and respiration research, and to identify key challenges to understanding and scaling plant physiological responses to climate change. The integrated perspectives and broad scope of research make this volume an excellent resource for both students and researchers in many areas of plant science, including plant physiology, ecology, evolution, climate change, and biotechnology. For this volume, 37 experts contributed chapters that span modeling, empirical, and applied research on photosynthesis and respiration responses to climate change. Authors represent the following seven countries: Australia (6); Canada (9), England (5), Germany (2), Spain (3), and the United States (12).

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity Book
Author : Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh A. Eslamian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-01
ISBN : 1351851144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines numerous management strategies for dealing with drought and scarcity. These strategies include management approaches for different regions, such as coastal, urban, rural, and agricultural areas. It offers multiple strategies for monitoring, assessing, and forcasting drought through the use of remote sensing and GIS tools. It also presents drought mitigation management strategies, such as groundwater management, rainwater harvesting, conservations practices, and more.

Soil Health Restoration and Management

Soil Health Restoration and Management Book
Author : Ram Swaroop Meena
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-23
ISBN : 981138570X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meeting the food requirements of an ever-increasing population is a pressing challenge for every country around the globe. Soil degradation has a negative impact on food security by reducing the cultivated land areas, while at the same time the world population is predicted to increase to 9.2 billion in 2050. Soil degradation adversely affects soil function and productivity and degraded soils now amount to 6 billion ha worldwide. The major factors are salinization, erosion, depletion of nutrients due to exhaustive agricultural practices and contamination with toxic metal ions and agrochemicals, which reduces the activity of soil microbe. In addition, poor soil management also decreases fertility. As such, measures are required to restore the soil health and productivity: organic matter, beneficial microorganisms and nutrient dynamics can all improve the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Understanding the role of soil health restoration and management in sustainability and nutritional security calls for a holistic approach to assess soil functions and examine the contributions of a particular management system within a defined timescale. Further, best management practices in cropping systems are important in ensuring sustainability and food and nutritional security without compromising the soil quality and productivity potential. Rational soil management practices must allow environmentally and economically sustainable yields and restoration of soil health.

Innovations in Sustainable Agriculture

Innovations in Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Muhammad Farooq,Michele Pisante
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-29
ISBN : 3030231690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a ready reference on sustainable agriculture and reinforce the understanding for its utilization to develop environmentally sustainable and profitable food production systems. It describes ecological sustainability of farming systems, present innovations for improving efficiency in the use of resources for sustainable agriculture and propose technological options and new areas of research in this very important area of agriculture.

Agriculture and Environmental Challenges

Agriculture and Environmental Challenges Book
Author : Jitendra Srivastava,Harold Alderman
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 1993-01-01
ISBN : 9780821325858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation Symposium on environmentally sustainable agricultutal development.Twenty-seven specialists discuss policies and techniques for advancing agricultural development and protecting the environment. The discussions on agricultural management examine how the environment is affected by population growth, conservation tillage, moisture management, soil fertility, and biological nitrogen fertilization.Several strategies offer ways to raise the productivity of women farmers, target women for extension programs, and address fuel issues of special concern to women.The symposium also explores the relationship between poverty and agricultural resource management. Key topics include the effects of deforestation, conservation, and population growth on poverty and the ways in which supply-led credit could be used to rehabilitate the environment.

Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions

Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions Book
Author : Graciela Schneier-Madanes,Marie-Francoise Courel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-01
ISBN : 9048127769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

International voices fill the pages of Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions, forming an original scientific exploration of current water research and management issues. In arid regions, agriculture that is ill-adapted to the environment, accelerated urbanization, poverty, and increasing pollution challenge access to and uses of water. Understanding these issues requires incorporating findings from both the physical and social sciences at different temporal and spatial scales. The chapters in this book were written by hydrologists, remote sensing specialists, ecologists, historians, economists, political scientists, architects, archaeologists, and other experts who live in and study arid lands. The authors present updates, overviews, and analyses of water challenges these areas have faced and are striving to address, from salinization in the fabled Taklimakan Desert in China to land degradation in the northern Mediterranean to groundwater over-exploitation in the southwestern United States. The book also examines desertification, remote sensing, qanat systems, architecture, arsenic contamination, and other case studies from Iran, the Maghreb region, Argentina and Chile, and Mexico. From this conceptual mosaic of comparative perspectives and research methods emerges a strong assumption: an interdisciplinary approach that combines physical and social sciences is the first step toward globally and comprehensively addressing water and sustainability."This book is a valuable and welcome contribution to the discussion of water and sustainable development. Through the collection of chapters, the book clearly illustrates the contemporary diversity of approaches to water scarcity and presents pertinent and new research findings that readers generally do not find compiled together. The result is a highly relevant, accessible, and timely resource that is unique in its international and interdisciplinary content. This is a must-read for anyone working on environmental and sustainability issues in arid lands."André Mariotti, University Pierre et Marie Curie, and INSU - CNRS (National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy-National Center for Scientific Research/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), France "Anyone who reads this book will find himself or herself contemplating the need to rethink how we approach the issue of water and sustainability in arid lands. Drawing on the expertise of both physical and social scientists, the chapters taken as a whole present global, historic, and current perspectives on water scarcity in a multi-layered way that rarely has been done before." Miguel Solanes, Madrid Water Institute, Spain

Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture

Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture Book
Author : Vivek Sharma,Richa Salwan,Laith Tawfeeq
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-10
ISBN : 0128184701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture explores their diverse interactions, including the pathogenic and symbiotic relationship which leads to either a decrease or increase in crop productivity. Focusing on these environmentally-friendly approaches, the book explores their potential in changing climatic conditions. It presents the exploration and regulation of beneficial microbes in offering sustainable and alternative solutions to the use of chemicals in agriculture. The beneficial microbes presented here are capable of contributing to nutrient balance, growth regulators, suppressing pathogens, orchestrating immune response and improving crop performance. The book also offers insights into the advancements in DNA technology and bioinformatic approaches which have provided in-depth knowledge about the molecular arsenal involved in mineral uptake, nitrogen fixation, growth promotion and biocontrol attributes. Covers the molecular attributes of biocontrol, PGPR and mycorrhizal associations involved in the three-way interaction between beneficial microbes-host-pathogen Explores the role of technological interventions in exploring molecular mechanisms Provides detailed and comprehensive insights about recent trends in the use of microbial genetic engineering for agricultural application

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 32

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 32 Book
Author : Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-08
ISBN : 3319989146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarise advanced knowledge and methods to recycle waste and fertilise soils in agriculture. In the near future, waste recycling will no longer be an option because natural resources become rare and costly, urbanisation is blooming and population is growing. In theory, most waste could be recycled. In practice, most waste is wasted. Remarkable aspects include the concepts of waste hierarchy eco-houses in smart cities, microbes and fungi for plant nutrition, and benefits of legume cultivation, biochar application and agropastoralism.

Sustainable Agriculture for Food Security

Sustainable Agriculture for Food Security Book
Author : Acharya Balkrishna
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-10-01
ISBN : 1000485935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Agriculture for Food Security: A Global Perspective takes an analytical approach to issues related to current agricultural practices. It looks at global geographical data and key statistical reports to aid readers in comparing, understanding, and making agricultural decisions. The book is divided into chapters with each dealing with a specific problem and its solutions, keeping in mind the context of geographical variations. The book first provides a historical overview of the socioeconomic importance of agriculture around the world along with a discussion on threats and opportunities in the agricultural sector. It goes on to explore the importance of water sources for agriculture, including rain-fed agriculture practices, water harvesting techniques, sustainable irrigation practices, and irrigation water management. Guidance on the usage of agrochemicals and solutions to their detrimental effects from non-standardized consumption is also addressed. The volume also includes a discussion on organic farming methods, certification standards, and key restrictions in crop production. Part 2 goes on to examine postharvest management practices used in different geographical areas along with analysis on the role of technology and obstacles in implementation. The commercialization of agriculture through food processing, branding, and retailing is reviewed along with suggestions on available marketing platforms and promotional aspects. It goes on to outline the situational analysis of food adulteration as well as norms and regulations of food security at the international level. Lastly, the concept of biofortification is explained along with methods and strategies of biofortified food production. The impact of biofortification over socioeconomic development of a specific country is also analyzed. Written for a wide audience, this volume is a thoughtful overview and analysis of the increasingly necessary topic of sustainable agriculture for food security and will be of interest to faculty and research scholars, working professionals, social activists, policymakers, farmers, and institutions and organizations involved in agricultural education, research, and development.

Sustainable Agriculture Forest and Environmental Management

Sustainable Agriculture  Forest and Environmental Management Book
Author : Manoj Kumar Jhariya,Arnab Banerjee,Ram Swaroop Meena,Dhiraj Kumar Yadav
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 9811368309
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recent technologies for sustainable development and maintaining ecological integrity in the field of agriculture, forestry and environmental management for the green future. Describes the recent technologies and issues to generate awareness among the global scientific community towards sustainable development. Covers various eco-friendly approaches for successful management of soil, water, forest, agriculture, and other natural resources. Addresses the policy issues promoting conservation, protection and management of various natural resources. Presents the issues of climate change and sustainable strategies to combat such a mega event. The existence of life on the earth primarily depends upon the agriculture, forest and environment. The changing climate is imposing the multifaceted challenges in front of human civilization. The agroecosystem management practices and technologies leads to higher productivity with destruction of agricultural, forest and environmental habitat leading to soil-water-air pollution. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) plays a key role in the promoting research and developmental activities in various sectors to achieve the sustainable development goals under 2030 agenda. Gradual growth of science and technology has imposed a significant pressure on the different ecosystem. In this context, approaches such as sustainable agriculture, forestry and eco-friendly technologies need to be address across the world. Keeping view of these facts this book underlines scientific chapters dealing with the issues with proper explanation, and accompanied by illustrative diagrams, tables, database as required. The editors have tried to provide a brief scenario about the current issues related to the agriculture, forestry and environment. Therefore, the book would be a very useful resource for academicians, scientists, and policy makers of the related field.

Proceedings of Olivebioteq 2018 Olive Management Biotechnology and Authenticity of Olive Products

Proceedings of Olivebioteq 2018     Olive Management  Biotechnology and Authenticity of Olive Products Book
Author : José Enrique Fernández,Antonio Diaz Espejo,José Manuel Martínez-Rivas,Wenceslao Moreda
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-08-28
ISBN : 2889639509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of Olivebioteq 2018 Olive Management Biotechnology and Authenticity of Olive Products book written by José Enrique Fernández,Antonio Diaz Espejo,José Manuel Martínez-Rivas,Wenceslao Moreda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume I

Water Interactions with Energy  Environment  Food and Agriculture Volume I Book
Author : Maria Concepcion Donoso
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-02-25
ISBN : 1848261721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The theme discusses water's importance to energy generation, the environment, food, and agriculture. It begins with an analysis of the interrelations between water and the environment. Consideration is given to the relationship between water and human health. Water's dynamic role in the food production process; Ecosystem Character; Water Quality and Environment; Climate Change and Water Resources; Water Resources For Agricultural and Food Production; Water Balance in Agriculture Areas; Water Contamination from Rural Production Systems; Water Interactions with Human Development ;Economic Development; and Cultural Development are considered. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs

Environmental Security and Environmental Management The Role of Risk Assessment

Environmental Security and Environmental Management  The Role of Risk Assessment Book
Author : Benoit Morel,Igor Linkov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-22
ISBN : 1402038933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of “environmental security” has emerged as one basis for understanding international conflicts. This phrase can mean a variety of things. It can signify security issues stemming from environmental concerns or conflicting needs, or it can mean that the environment is treated as a resource for the long term, and the question is what should be done today to preserve the quality of the environment in the future. In the same way that energy security is about ensuring access to energy for the long run, it can also mean that pressing environmental concerns create a situation where different countries and communities are forced to collaboratively design a unified response, even if cooperation is not generally in the logic of their relations. Over the last several years, the authors of this book and their colleagues have tried to demonstrate the power of risk assessment and decision analysis as valuable tools that decision makers should use for a broad range of environmental problems, including environmental security. Risk analysis is almost more a state of mind or a way of looking at problems than it is a kind of algorithm or a set of recipes. It projects a kind of rationality on problems and forces a certain degree of quantitative rigor, as opposed to the all too common tendency of making environmental recommendations based on anecdotal evidence.