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Water Purification

Water Purification Book
Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-28
ISBN : 0128043717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Purification, a volume in the Nanotechnology in the Food Industry series, provides an in-depth review of the current technologies and emerging application of nanotechnology in drinking water purification, also presenting an overview of the common drinking water contaminants, such as heavy metals, organics, microorganisms, pharmaceuticals, and their occurrences in drinking water sources. As the global water crisis has motivated the industry to look for alternative water supplies, nanotechnology presents significant potential for utilizing previously unacceptable water sources. This books explores the practical methodologies for transforming water using nanotechnologies, and is a comprehensive reference to a wide audience of food science research professionals, professors, and students who are doing research in this field. Includes the most up-to-date information on nanotechnology applications and research methods for water purification and treatment Presents applications of nanotechnology and engineered nanomaterials in drinking water purification to improve efficiency and reduce cost Provides water purification research methods that are important to water quality, including precipitation, adsorption, membrane separation, and ion exchange Covers the potential risks of nanotechnology, such as the toxicological effects of engineered nanomaterials in water and how to minimize risks based on research studies

Membrane Technology and Engineering for Water Purification

Membrane Technology and Engineering for Water Purification Book
Author : Rajindar Singh
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2014-09-25
ISBN : 0444634096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Technology and Engineering for Water Purification, Second Edition is written in a practical style with emphasis on: process description; key unit operations; systems design and costs; plant equipment description; equipment installation; safety and maintenance; process control; plant start-up; and operation and troubleshooting. It is supplemented by case studies and engineering rules-of-thumb. The author is a chemical engineer with extensive experience in the field, and his technical knowledge and practical know-how in the water purification industry are summarized succinctly in this new edition. This book will inform you which membranes to use in water purification and why, where and when to use them. It will help you to troubleshoot and improve performance and provides case studies to assist understanding through real-life examples. Membrane Technology section updated to include forward osmosis, electrodialysis, and diffusion dialysis Hybrid Membrane Systems expanded to cover zero liquid discharge, salt recovery and removal of trace contaminants Includes a new section on plant design, energy, and economics

Heterogeneous Nanocomposite Photocatalysis for Water Purification

Heterogeneous Nanocomposite Photocatalysis for Water Purification Book
Author : Rajendra Pawar,Caroline Sunyong Lee
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-04-29
ISBN : 0323393136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Heterogeneous Nanocomposite-Photocatalysis for Water Purification, the authors introduce various heterogeneous photocatalysts based on novel nanostructures of metal oxide semiconductors and graphene used for water purification, including TiO2, Fe2O3, SnO2, WO3 and g-C3N4, and outlines their advantages and drawbacks. The nanocomposite-photocatalysts ZnO and CdS are compared with reduced graphene oxide (rGO), a rapidly growing materials system. The authors describe how the photocatalytic activity of known nanomaterials can be improved by modifying the structural and optical properties (i.e., phase composition). Introductory portion of the book includes a brief survey of all different kinds of heterogeneous photocatalysts Discusses the possible photocatalysis mechanism occurring during the degradation of different toxic pollutants Provides the photoelectrochemical measurement for synthesized catalysts, supporting the effective transportation of photoelectrons resulting into better catalytic properties

Hybrid Membrane Systems for Water Purification

Hybrid Membrane Systems for Water Purification Book
Author : Rajindar Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-02-08
ISBN : 9780080458984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane systems are finding increasing application worldwide in the purification of potable and industrial water, and their design and use is set to grow considerably in years to come. This comprehensive book is written in a practical style with emphasis on process description, key unit operations, plant equipment description, equipment installation, safety and maintenance, process control, plant start-up, operation and troubleshooting. It is supplemented by case studies and useful engineering rules-of-thumb. The author is a chemical engineer with many years experience in the field and his technical knowledge and practical know-how in the water purification industry are summarised succinctly in this volume. This book... * Will ensure your system design is fit for its purpose * Informs readers of which membranes to use; why, where and when * Will help readers to trouble-shoot and improve performance * Provides case studies help understanding through real-life situations This book... * Will ensure your system design is fit for its purpose * Informs readers of which membranes to use; why, where and when * Will help readers to trouble-shoot and improve performance * Provides case studies help understanding through real-life situations

Water Purification and Management

Water Purification and Management Book
Author : José Coca-Prados,Gemma Gutiérrez-Cervelló
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-12-14
ISBN : 9048197759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the major challenges for many Mediterranean and other countries is finding viable solutions to tackle water shortage. Some of the major water quality constraints derive from the high salinity of groundwater and from pollution sources such as: untreated domestic sewage, fertilizers and pesticides from irrigation drainage, industrial effluents, and solid waste disposal. Wastewater treatment processes involving physico-chemical and biological treatment, chemical oxidation, membrane technologies, along with methods of solids concentration and disposal are of special relevance in dealing with these problems. This volume contains selected lectures presented at the NATO ADVANCED TRAINING COURSE held in Oviedo (November 15-21, 2009) and sponsored by the NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme. They cover a variety of topics from wastewater treatment methods to cleaner production strategies, as a careful management of water resources is the basis for sustainable development and to avoid potential security threats. The reader will benefit from a general view of some of the operations involved in wastewater treatment and solid concentration and disposal methods. A proper water reuse and recycling, together with efficient solid disposal, would contribute to a better use of the resources and a sustainable economic growth, particularly in many arid lands of the world.

Nanotechnology for Water Purification

Nanotechnology for Water Purification Book
Author : Tania Dey
Publisher : Universal-Publishers
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1612336191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is a highly inter- and multi- disciplinary application oriented research area. Not only does it find its use in nanomedicine, solar cells, sensor development and so on, but can also be effectively utilized to prevent water pollution. Nanostructured materials such as magnetic nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, silver-impregnated cyclodextrin nanocomposites, nanostructured iron-zeolites, carbo-iron nanomaterials, photocatalytic titania nanoparticles, nanofiltration membranes and functionalized silica nanoparticles can be employed in water treatment to remove heavy metals, sediments, chemical effluents, charged particles, bacteria and other pathogens. This edited book comprises several review-style chapters written by world experts. The chapters are devoted to each of these nanotechnology based approaches: basic principles, practical applications, recent break-through and limitations associated with it. The last chapter covers the environmental risks of applying engineered nanomaterials for water purification. The wealth of information and insight offered in this book will be appealing to scientists and researchers over a wide range of disciplines.

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Daniel Pasquini,Shao-Yuan Leu,Deepu A Gopakumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0128139277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Novel nanoscale materials are now an essential part of meeting the current and future needs for clean water, and are at the heart of the development of novel technologies to desalinate water. The unique properties of nanomaterials and their convergence with current treatment technologies present great opportunities to revolutionize water and wastewater treatment. Nanoscale Materials for Water Purification brings together sustainable solutions using novel nanomaterials to alleviate the physical effects of water scarcity. This book covers a wide range of nanomaterials, including noble metal nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles, dendrimers, bioactive nanoparticles, polysaccharidebased nanoparticles, nanocatalysts, and redox nanoparticles for water purification. Significant properties and characterization methods of nanomaterials such as surface morphology, mechanical properties, and adsorption capacities are also investigated Explains how the unique properties of a range of nanomaterials makes them important water purification agents Shows how the use of nanotechnology can help create cheaper, more reliable, less energy-intensive, more environmentally friendly water purification techniques Includes case studies to show how nanotechnology has successfully been integrated into water purification system design

Handbook of Water Purification

Handbook of Water Purification Book
Author : Walter Lorch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Water Purification book written by Walter Lorch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Water Purification Techniques

Advances in Water Purification Techniques Book
Author : Satinder Ahuja
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 0128147911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Water Purification Techniques: Meeting the Needs of Developed and Developing Countries provides a variety of approaches to water purification that can help assist readers with their research and applications. Water contamination problems occur frequently worldwide, hence the most updated knowledge on water purification systems can be helpful in employing the right type of filter or other mechanism of decontamination. The problems with arsenic contamination of water in Bangladesh and the lead problem in Flint, Michigan remind us of the need to monitor water pollution rigorously, from both point and non-point sources. Provides a valuable resource on how to solve water contamination problems or develop new approaches to water purification Presents advanced methods for monitoring water contamination Describes various approaches to water purification Encourages new developments in water purification techniques Includes methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Covers recent advancement in molecular techniques

Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification

Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification Book
Author : Shahid Ul-Islam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 1119640458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dyes, pigments and metals are extensively used in food, paper, carpet, rubber, plastics, cosmetics, and textile industries, in order to color and finish products. As a result, they generate a considerable amount of coloured wastewater rich in organic, inorganic, and mineral substances which are continuously polluting the water bodies and affecting human and aquatic life. Besides these industries, urban and agricultural activities also generate effluents high in biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). In recent years, considerable research work has been done in this area and is underway to eliminate heavy metals particularly mercury (Hg), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), selenium and cadmium (Cd) and synthetic dyes from polluted waters which have high toxicity and carcinogenicity. Currently a number of methods are in operation to decontaminate the polluted waters. Among several purification technologies, use of nanoparticles/composites have gained much attention as efficient purification technology due to its many advantages such as simple synthesis, special chemical and physical properties, unique photocatalytic activity and beneficial antimicrobial properties and high efficiency. The book Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification comprehensively covers and provides new insights on all nanoparticles, composites and advanced methods employed in water purification.

Sustainable Water Purification

Sustainable Water Purification Book
Author : M. R. Islam,M. Safiur Rahman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-09-01
ISBN : 1119650992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water is synonymous with life. This has been the case since pre-historic time to the modern era. For the first time, humanity faces a crisis that eclipses the energy crisis, which has often incapacitated the global economy. The Climate-Water-Food nexus epitomizes our current civilization that depends on energy as the driver. Many recognize this crisis as a product of fossil fuel production, which allegedly triggered climate change and the “climate change debate.” Others predict the onslaught of “water wars” in the coming decades. As the world gears up to another lineup of empty promises and ensuing chaos, this book turns this crisis on its head and shows the source of the water crisis. The science behind the water cycle is described in clear language, without resorting to dogmatic assertions and spurious assumptions. The role of the sun, natural carbon dioxide (CO2) and water and the need to maintain natural processes free from artificial chemicals are discussed in detail. The book makes it clear how most of the currently used purification techniques violates the natural cycle involving sunlight, CO2 and water, and thus become unsustainable. A series of water purification techniques, as usable for drinking, agricultural and industrial applications are presented. The advantages of these techniques and their long-term sustainability are highlighted, with discussion on improvements in the future. Whether for the engineer or scientist working in the field or laboratory or the student, this is a must-have for any engineer, scientist, student, or policymaker.

Carbon Nanomaterial Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial Based Adsorbents for Water Purification Book
Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-27
ISBN : 0128219602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings Book
Author : Library of Congress
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Library of Congress Subject Headings book written by Library of Congress, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings Book
Author : Library of Congress. Cataloging Policy and Support Office
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Library of Congress Subject Headings book written by Library of Congress. Cataloging Policy and Support Office, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Photocatalysis and Water Purification

Photocatalysis and Water Purification Book
Author : Pierre Pichat
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-26
ISBN : 3527645411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water is one of the essential resources on our planet. Therefore, fresh water and the recycling of waste-water are very important topics in various areas. Energy-saving green technologies are a demand in this area of research. Photocatalysis comprises a class of reactions which use a catalyst activated by light. These reactions include the decomposition of organic compounds into environmental friendly water and carbon dioxide, leading to interesting properties of surfaces covered with a photocatalyst: they protect e.g. against incrustation of fouling matter, they are self-cleaning, antibacterial and viricidal. Therefore, they are attractive candidates for environmental applications such as water purification and waste-water treatment. This book introduces scientists and engineers to the fundamentals of photocatalysis and enlightens the potentials of photocatalysis to increase water quality. Also, strategies to improve the photocatalytic efficacy are pointed out: synthesis of better photocatalysts, combination of photocatalysis with other technologies, and the proper design of photocatalytic reactors. Implementation of applications and a chapter on design approaches for photocatalytic reactors round off the book. 'Photocatalysis and Water Purification' is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. G.Q. Max Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.

Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water

Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water Book
Author : Erik Sogaard
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-04-11
ISBN : 0080932401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water covers the fundamentals behind a broad spectrum of advanced purification processes for various types of water, showing numerous applications through worked examples. Purification processes for groundwater, soil water, reusable water, and raw water are examined where they are in use full-scale, as a pilot approach, or in the laboratory. This book also describes the production of ceramic particles (nanochemistry) and materials for the creation of filtration systems and catalysts that are involved. Uses chemistry fundamentals to explain the mechanisms behind the various purification processes Explains in detail process equipment and technical applications Describes the production of ceramic particles and other new materials applicable to filtration systems Includes worked examples

Water Purification and Management

Water Purification and Management Book
Author : José Coca-Prados,Gemma Gutiérrez-Cervelló
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-14
ISBN : 9048197740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the major challenges for many Mediterranean and other countries is finding viable solutions to tackle water shortage. Some of the major water quality constraints derive from the high salinity of groundwater and from pollution sources such as: untreated domestic sewage, fertilizers and pesticides from irrigation drainage, industrial effluents, and solid waste disposal. Wastewater treatment processes involving physico-chemical and biological treatment, chemical oxidation, membrane technologies, along with methods of solids concentration and disposal are of special relevance in dealing with these problems. This volume contains selected lectures presented at the NATO ADVANCED TRAINING COURSE held in Oviedo (November 15-21, 2009) and sponsored by the NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme. They cover a variety of topics from wastewater treatment methods to cleaner production strategies, as a careful management of water resources is the basis for sustainable development and to avoid potential security threats. The reader will benefit from a general view of some of the operations involved in wastewater treatment and solid concentration and disposal methods. A proper water reuse and recycling, together with efficient solid disposal, would contribute to a better use of the resources and a sustainable economic growth, particularly in many arid lands of the world.

Photochemical Purification of Water and Air

Photochemical Purification of Water and Air Book
Author : Thomas Oppenländer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-06-27
ISBN : 3527610898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the treatment of water and exhaust gas using ultraviolet (UV) light offers both ecological and economic advantages, information on photo-initiated advanced oxidation technologies (AOTs) has been dispersed among various journals and proceedings until now. This authoritative and comprehensive handbook is the first to cover both the photochemical fundamentals and practical applications, including a description of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) and process engineering of suitable photoreactors. The author presents various real-world examples, including economic aspects, while many references to current scientific literature facilitate access to current research topics relevant for water and air industries. Throughout, over 140 detailed figures visualize photochemical and photophysical phenomena, and help in interpreting important research results. From the foreword by James R. Bolton (President of Bolton Photosciences Inc., Executive Director of the International Ultraviolet Association (IUVA)): "Prof. Oppenländer is well qualified to write about the AOPs/AOTs, since he has contributed to this literature in a very significant manner. This book will be of considerable value to graduate students, science and engineering faculty, scientists, process engineers and sales engineers in industry, government regulators and health professionals."

Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification

Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification Book
Author : Satinder Ahuja
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780124167322
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification book written by Satinder Ahuja, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Salt Water Purification

Salt Water Purification Book
Author : K. Spiegler
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014-08-15
ISBN : 9781468423624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Salt Water Purification book written by K. Spiegler, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.