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Water Engineering Modelling And Mathematic Tools

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Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools Book
Author : Pijush Samui,Hossein Bonakdari,Ravinesh C. Deo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-05
ISBN : 0128208775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools provides an informative resource for practitioners who want to learn more about different techniques and models in water engineering and their practical applications and case studies. The book provides modelling theories in an easy-to-read format verified with on-site models for specific regions and scenarios. Users will find this to be a significant contribution to the development of mathematical tools, experimental techniques, and data-driven models that support modern-day water engineering applications. Civil engineers, industrialists, and water management experts should be familiar with advanced techniques that can be used to improve existing systems in water engineering. This book provides key ideas on recently developed machine learning methods and AI modelling. It will serve as a common platform for practitioners who need to become familiar with the latest developments of computational techniques in water engineering. Includes firsthand experience about artificial intelligence models, utilizing case studies Describes biological, physical and chemical techniques for the treatment of surface water, groundwater, sea water and rain/snow Presents the application of new instruments in water engineering

Advancing Robust Multi Objective Optimisation Applied to Complex Model Based Water Related Problems

Advancing Robust Multi Objective Optimisation Applied to Complex Model Based Water Related Problems Book
Author : Oscar Osvaldo Marquez Calvo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-07
ISBN : 1000043142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The exercise of solving engineering problems that require optimisation procedures can be seriously affected by uncertain variables, resulting in potential underperforming solutions. Although this is a well-known problem, important knowledge gaps are still to be addressed. For example, concepts of robustness largely differ from study to study, robust solutions are generally provided with limited information about their uncertainty, and robust optimisation is difficult to apply as it is a computationally demanding task. The proposed research aims to address the mentioned challenges and focuses on robust optimisation of multiple objectives and multiple sources of probabilistically described uncertainty. This is done by the development of the Robust Optimisation and Probabilistic Analysis of Robustness algorithm (ROPAR), which integrates widely accepted robustness metrics into a single flexible framework. In this thesis, ROPAR is not only tested in benchmark functions, but also in engineering problems related to the water sector, in particular the design of urban drainage and water distribution systems. ROPAR allows for employing practically any existing multi-objective optimisation algorithm as its internal optimisation engine, which enables its applicability to other problems as well. Additionally, ROPAR can be straightforwardly parallelized, allowing for fast availability of results.

Applied Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems

Applied Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems Book
Author : N.V. Hritonenko,Yuri P. Yatsenko
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 1441991603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of the book is the "know-how" of applied mathematical modelling: how to construct specific models and adjust them to a new engineering environment or more precise realistic assumptions; how to analyze models for the purpose of investigating real life phenomena; and how the models can extend our knowledge about a specific engineering process. Two major sources of the book are the stock of classic models and the authors' wide experience in the field. The book provides a theoretical background to guide the development of practical models and their investigation. It considers general modelling techniques, explains basic underlying physical laws and shows how to transform them into a set of mathematical equations. The emphasis is placed on common features of the modelling process in various applications as well as on complications and generalizations of models. The book covers a variety of applications: mechanical, acoustical, physical and electrical, water transportation and contamination processes; bioengineering and population control; production systems and technical equipment renovation. Mathematical tools include partial and ordinary differential equations, difference and integral equations, the calculus of variations, optimal control, bifurcation methods, and related subjects.

Foundations of Mathematical Modelling for Engineering Problem Solving

Foundations of Mathematical Modelling for Engineering Problem Solving Book
Author : Parikshit Narendra Mahalle,Nancy Ambritta P.,Sachin R. Sakhare,Atul P. Kulkarni
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2023-01-10
ISBN : 9811988285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims at improving the mathematical modelling skills of users by enhancing the ability to understand, connect, apply and use the mathematical concepts to the problem at hand. This book provides the readers with an in-depth knowledge of the various categories/classes of research problems that professionals, researchers and students might encounter following which the applications of appropriate mathematical models is explained with the help of case studies. The book is targeted at academicians, researchers, students and professionals who belong to all engineering disciplines.

Applications of STEM Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics Tools in Microbiology of Infectious Diseases

Applications of STEM  Science  Technology  Engineering and Mathematics  Tools in Microbiology of Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Julio Alvarez,Andres Perez
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-06-02
ISBN : 2889451836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epidemiology is a discipline intended to systematically investigate, and ideally quantify, disease dynamics in populations (Perez, 2015). Epidemiological assessmentsmay be divided into four large areas, namely, (a) identification and characterization of a pathogen, (b) development of systems for detection of cases, (c) descriptive epidemiology and quantification of disease patterns, and (d) advanced analytical methods to design intervention strategies. Briefly, there is an initial need for understanding the pathogeny of a disease and condition, which may also include experimental studies and development of new models of infection and proliferation under different conditions. Subsequently, such knowledgemay be applied to support the identification of cases, which typically includes the design, evaluation, and validation of diagnostic tests. Diseasemay then be quantified in a population, leading to the identification of patterns and application of molecular characterization techniques to understand disease spread, and ultimately to identify factors preventing or promoting disease. Finally, those factors may be incorporated into advanced quantitative methods and epidemiological models, which are used to design and evaluate strategies aimed at preventing, controlling, or eliminating disease in the population. Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in the application of science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) tools and approaches intended to enhance such analytical epidemiology process, with the ultimate goal of supporting disease prevention, control, and eradication. This eBook comprises a series of research articles that, through current state-of-the-art scientific knowledge on the application of STEM tools to the microbiology of infectious diseases, demonstrate their usefulness at the various components of an integral epidemiological approach, divided into the four large components of (a) experimental studies, (b) novel diagnostic techniques, (c) epidemiological characterization, and (d) population modeling and intervention.

Water Resources Systems Analysis

Water Resources Systems Analysis Book
Author : Mohammad Karamouz,Ferenc Szidarovszky,Banafsheh Zahraie
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-06-27
ISBN : 9781566706421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on conflict resolution, Water Resources Systems Analysis discusses systematic approaches to the mathematical modeling of various water resources issues, which helps decision-makers allocate water effectively and efficiently. Readers will gain an understanding of simulation, optimization, multi-criterion-decision-making, as well as engineering economics and time series analysis, all necessary for successful water systems analysis. The book explores recent developments in surface and groundwater systems optimization and modeling, and it relates these to real field applications and case studies. Supported by essential mathematical tools, this book gives current and future hydrologists, water resources managers, and civil engineers a logical reference for prioritizing and addressing critical issues such as flood control, power generation, and water quality management.

Mathematical Modeling of Real World Problems

Mathematical Modeling of Real World Problems Book
Author : Zafer Aslan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9781536162691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data mining provides avenues for proper understanding of real world problems. For researchers interested in data mining and new applications, this book is a multidisciplinary 'handbook' in data processes, engineering and medical applications. The authors from the different parts of the world discuss major issues of importance for integrated mathematical implementation and developing experiences. From the general spectrum, the individual spectra can be allowing for separate detection and monitoring of the problem by decomposing the space and time series into signal and noise components. It provides an up-front review of mathematical modeling of real world problems and interdisciplinary studies in applied mathematics that are not only for scientists, engineers, planners or, social scientists but because also everyone can read and understand the real world problems from environment to medicine and their interaction to mathematical implementation. Mathematical studies of the book are aimed to analyze and visualize real world problems in engineering and environmental studies like drought survey, precipitation and erosivity, cloud clarification, estimation of convection scheme and non-linear time series of air pollution, water management, water quality and river pollution and also in medical sciences like, ECG analyses, neurosurgery, computational neuroscience, brain disasters, Parkinson diseases, support vector machine, logic and mathematics. Authors recommend it to researchers with an interest in interaction of social, environmental, agricultural and medical scientists, engineers and planners who are applying wavelets and applied mathematics in their research. The book was edited by Prof. Dr. Zafer ASLAN - Istanbul Aydın University, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Funda DÖKMEN - Kocaeli University, Prof. Dr. Abul Hasan SIDDIQI - Sharda University and Prof. Dr. Enrico FEOLI - University of Trieste.

Mathematical Models of Small Watershed Hydrology and Applications

Mathematical Models of Small Watershed Hydrology and Applications Book
Author : Vijay P. Singh,Donald K. Frevert
Publisher : Water Resources Publication
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781887201353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive account of some of the most popular models of small watershed hydrology and application ~~ of interest to all hydrologic modelers and model users and a welcome and timely edition to any modeling library

BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume II

BIOTECHNOLOGY   Volume II Book
Author : Horst W. Doelle,J. Stefan Rokem,Marin Berovic
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-11-16
ISBN : 1848262566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Encyclopedia of Biotechnology is a component of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Biotechnology draws on the pure biological sciences (genetics, animal cell culture, molecular biology, microbiology, biochemistry, embryology, cell biology) and in many instances is also dependent on knowledge and methods from outside the sphere of biology (chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, information technology, biorobotics). This 15-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It carries state-of-the-art knowledge in the field and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Handbook of Research on Hydroinformatics Technologies Theories and Applications

Handbook of Research on Hydroinformatics  Technologies  Theories and Applications Book
Author : Gasmelseid, Tagelsir Mohamed
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2010-07-31
ISBN : 1615209085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides relevant theoretical frameworks and empirical research findings in the area hydroinformatics to assist professionals to improve their understanding of the development and use of decision support tools to support decision making and integrated water management at different organizational levels and domains"--Provided by publisher.

Process Modelling

Process Modelling Book
Author : Bernd Scholz-Reiter,Hans-Dietrich Stahlmann,Arnim Nethe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642601200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A process model is very often used for system analysis, design and management in various application areas. Using a process model has the advantage that it has only to be as precise as necessary within the parameters of the individual field of application, whereas the precision externally is less important. This makes process modeling easier and open for structuring. The contributions deal with different approaches to process modelling, especially in the areas of business process modelling, logistics and production processes and water systems.

Artificial Neural Networks in Water Supply Engineering

Artificial Neural Networks in Water Supply Engineering Book
Author : Srinivasa Lingireddy,Gail M. Brion
Publisher : ASCE Publications
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 9780784475607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prepared by the Water Supply Engineering Technical Committee of the Infrastructure Council of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE. This report examines the application of artificial neural network (ANN) technology to water supply engineering problems. Although ANN has rarely been used in in this area, those who have done so report findings that were beyond the capability of traditional statistical and mathematical modeling tools. This report describes the availability of diverse applications, along with the basics of neural network modeling, and summarizes the experiences of groups of researchers around the world who successfully demonstrated significant benefits from using ANN technology in water supply engineering. Topics include: Forecasting salinity levels in River Murray, South Australia; Predicting gastroenteritis rates and waterborne outbreaks; Modeling pH levels in a eutrophic Middle Loire River, France; and ANNs as function approximation tools replacing rigorous mathematical simulation models for analyzing water distribution networks.

Tools for Drought Mitigation in Mediterranean Regions

Tools for Drought Mitigation in Mediterranean Regions Book
Author : Giuseppe Rossi,Antonino Cancelliere,L.S. Pereira,Theib Oweis,Muhammad Shatanawi,Abdelaziz Zairi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401001294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant vulnerability of water systems to drought is a common issue of water resources management in Mediterranean regions. This is due both to the increasing occurrence and severity of drought events and to the growing demand for municipal, tourist, and agricultural uses. The INCO-DC project entitled "A Decision Support System for Mitigation of Drought Impacts in the Mediterranean Regions" (DSS DROUGHT) addresses this issue, contributing to an improved management of water supply systems for irrigation, which represents the most consumptive sector of water resources uses in the Mediterranean region. In order to develop a comprehensive approach toward improved operation of irrigation systems under drought conditions, the project was developed around the following five main, strictly interconnected tasks: Identification of drought characteristics at a site and over a region Modelling irrigation management under conditions of water scarcity Modelling operation of water supply systems under drought conditions Integration of the developed methodologies within a Decision Support System software package Definition of requisites for Drought Watch Systems The research resulted in an advancement of knowledge through in-depth analysis of innovative methodologies, the development of tools to help decision-makers in coping with droughts through the implementation of the developed procedures in software packages, and the application of these tools to the case-studies identified by partners in their countries.

Modeling Tools for Environmental Engineers and Scientists

Modeling Tools for Environmental Engineers and Scientists Book
Author : Nirmala Khandan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-12-20
ISBN : 9781566769952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling Tools for Environmental Engineers and Scientists enables environmental professionals, faculty, and students with minimal computer programming skills to develop computer-based mathematical models for natural and engineered environmental systems. The author illustrates how commercially available syntax-free authoring software can be adapted to create customized, high-level models of environmental phenomena in groundwater, soil, aquatic, and atmospheric systems, and in engineered reactors. This book includes a review of mathematical modeling and fundamental concepts such as material balance, reactor configurations, and fate and transport of environmental contaminants. It illustrates, using numerous examples, how mathematical and dynamic modeling software can be applied in analyzing and simulating natural and engineered environmental systems. The tools and examples included are applicable to a wide range of problems, both in the classroom and in the field.

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Selected Water Resources Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Selected Water Resources Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applied Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems

Applied Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems Book
Author : Natali Hritonenko,Yuri Yatsenko
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-06-30
ISBN : 9781402074844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of the book is the "know-how" of applied mathematical modelling: how to construct specific models and adjust them to a new engineering environment or more precise realistic assumptions; how to analyze models for the purpose of investigating real life phenomena; and how the models can extend our knowledge about a specific engineering process. Two major sources of the book are the stock of classic models and the authors' wide experience in the field. The book provides a theoretical background to guide the development of practical models and their investigation. It considers general modelling techniques, explains basic underlying physical laws and shows how to transform them into a set of mathematical equations. The emphasis is placed on common features of the modelling process in various applications as well as on complications and generalizations of models. The book covers a variety of applications: mechanical, acoustical, physical and electrical, water transportation and contamination processes; bioengineering and population control; production systems and technical equipment renovation. Mathematical tools include partial and ordinary differential equations, difference and integral equations, the calculus of variations, optimal control, bifurcation methods, and related subjects.

Hydraulic Research in the United States and Canada 1978

Hydraulic Research in the United States and Canada  1978 Book
Author : Pauline H. Gurewitz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hydraulic Research in the United States and Canada 1978 book written by Pauline H. Gurewitz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

NBS Special Publication

NBS Special Publication Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NBS Special Publication book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Technological Concepts and Mathematical Models in the Evolution of Modern Engineering Systems

Technological Concepts and Mathematical Models in the Evolution of Modern Engineering Systems Book
Author : Mario Lucertini,Ana Millàn Gasca,Fernando Nicolò
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3034879512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of historical research studies covers the evolution of technology as knowledge, the emergence of an autonomous engineering science in the Industrial Age, the idea of scientific managment of production and operation systems, and the interaction between mathematical models and technological concepts. The book is published with the support of the UNESCO Venice Office - Regional Office for Science & Technology in Europe as an activity of the Project: The evolution of events, concepts and models in engineering systems.

Model Calibration and Parameter Estimation

Model Calibration and Parameter Estimation Book
Author : Ne-Zheng Sun,Alexander Sun
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-22
ISBN : 9781493940929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This three-part book provides a comprehensive and systematic introduction to these challenging topics such as model calibration, parameter estimation, reliability assessment, and data collection design. Part 1 covers the classical inverse problem for parameter estimation in both deterministic and statistical frameworks, Part 2 is dedicated to system identification, hyperparameter estimation, and model dimension reduction, and Part 3 considers how to collect data and construct reliable models for prediction and decision-making. For the first time, topics such as multiscale inversion, stochastic field parameterization, level set method, machine learning, global sensitivity analysis, data assimilation, model uncertainty quantification, robust design, and goal-oriented modeling, are systematically described and summarized in a single book from the perspective of model inversion, and elucidated with numerical examples from environmental and water resources modeling. Readers of this book will not only learn basic concepts and methods for simple parameter estimation, but also get familiar with advanced methods for modeling complex systems. Algorithms for mathematical tools used in this book, such as numerical optimization, automatic differentiation, adaptive parameterization, hierarchical Bayesian, metamodeling, Markov chain Monte Carlo, are covered in details. This book can be used as a reference for graduate and upper level undergraduate students majoring in environmental engineering, hydrology, and geosciences. It also serves as an essential reference book for professionals such as petroleum engineers, mining engineers, chemists, mechanical engineers, biologists, biology and medical engineering, applied mathematicians, and others who perform mathematical modeling.