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Waste Electrical And Electronic Equipment Recycling

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Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Recycling

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Recycling Book
Author : Francesco Vegliò,Ionela Birloaga
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-05-18
ISBN : 0081020589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Electrical and Electronic Equipment Recycling: Aqueous Recovery Methods provides data regarding the implementation of aqueous methods of processing of WEEEs at the industrial level. Chapters explore points-of-view of worldwide researchers and research project managers with respect to new research developments and how to improve processing technologies. The text is divided into two parts, with the first section addressing the new research regarding the hydrometallurgical procedures adopted from minerals processing technologies. Other sections cover green chemistry, bio-metallurgy applications for WEEE treatment and the current developed aqueous methods at industrial scale. A conclusion summarizes existing research with suggestions for future actions. Provides a one-stop reference for hydrometallurgical processes of metal recovery from WEEE Includes methods presented through intended applications, including waste printed circuit boards, LCD panels, lighting and more Contains suggestions and recommendations for future actions and research prospects

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE Handbook

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment  WEEE  Handbook Book
Author : Vannessa Goodship,Ab Stevels,Jaco Huisman
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-07-13
ISBN : 0081021593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Handbook, Second Edition, is a one-stop reference on current electronic waste legislation initiatives, their impact, and the latest technological considerations for reducing electronic waste (e-waste) and increasing the efficiency of materials recovery. It also provides a wide-range of global and corporate examples and perspectives on the challenges that face specific regions and companies, along with the solutions they are implementing in managing e-waste, offering further insights on how discarded products can be treated. Sections introduce the reader to legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE and discuss technologies for the refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste electronics. Further sections focus on electronic products that present particular challenges for recyclers, explore sustainable design of electronics and supply chains, discuss national and regional WEEE management schemes, and more. Addresses the latest challenges and opportunities for electronic waste (e-waste) management, including e-waste collection models, circular economy implications, rare earth metal recovery, and much more Draws lessons for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) policy and practice from around the world Discusses legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE, including global e-waste initiatives, EU legislation relating to electronic waste, and eco-efficiency evaluation of WEEE take-back systems

WEEE Recycling

WEEE Recycling Book
Author : Alexandre Chagnes,Gérard Cote,Christian Ekberg,Mikael Nilsson,Teodora Retegan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-26
ISBN : 0128033649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

WEEE Recycling: Research, Development, and Policies covers policies, research, development, and challenges in recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). The book introduces WEEE management and then covers the environmental, economic, and societal applications of e-waste recycling, focusing on the technical challenges to designing efficient and sustainable recycling processes—including physical separation, pyrometallurgical, and hydrometallurgical processes. The development of processes for recovering strategic and critical metals from urban mining is a priority for many countries, especially those having few available ores mining. Describes the two metallurgical processes—hydro- and pyro-metallurgy—and their application in recycling of metals Provides a life cycle analysis in the WEEE recycling of metals Outlines how to determine economic parameters in the recycling of waste metals Discusses the socio economic and environmental implication of metal recycling

Electronic Waste

Electronic Waste Book
Author : Maria E. Holuszko,Amit Kumar,Denise C. R. Espinosa
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-03-21
ISBN : 352734490X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover the latest technologies in the pursuit of zero-waste solutions in the electronics industry In Electronic Waste: Recycling and Reprocessing for a Sustainable Future, a team of expert sustainability researchers delivers a collection of resources that thoroughly examine methods for extracting value from electronic waste while aiming for a zero-waste scenario in industrial production. The book discusses the manufacturing and use of materials in electronic devices while presenting an overview of separation methods for industrial materials. Readers will also benefit from a global overview of various national and international regulations related to the topic of electronic and electrical waste. A must-read resource for scientists and engineers working in the production and development of electronic devices, the authors provide comprehensive overviews of the benefits of achieving a zero-waste solution in electronic and electrical waste, as well as the risks posed by incorrectly disposed of electronic waste. Readers will enjoy: An introduction to electronic waste, including the opportunities presented by zero-waste technologies and solutions Explorations of e-waste management and practices in developed and developing countries and e-waste transboundary movement regulations in a variety of jurisdictions Practical discussions of approaches for estimating e-waste generation and the materials used in electronic equipment and manufacturing perspectives In-depth treatments of various recycling technologies, including physical separation, pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, and biohydrometallurgy Perfect for materials scientists, electronic engineers, and metal processing professionals, Electronic Waste: Recycling and Reprocessing for a Sustainable Future will also earn a place in the libraries of industrial chemists and professionals working in organizations that use large amounts of chemicals or produce electronic waste.

Environmental Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment

Environmental Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-11
ISBN : 0128224894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment illustrates the socioeconomic, technical and environmental perspectives of WEEE, allowing for a better understanding on how to manage this rapidly growing waste stream. The book addresses discharge of WEEE into ecosystems, occupational exposure to hazardous components of WEEE, and loss of recoverable resources, bridging the gap between community and waste management. By providing in-depth analysis and step-by-step descriptions of environmental strategies and procedures for managing electrical and electronic waste, this book is a valuable resource for environmental scientists, environmental engineers, and waste management professionals to achieve sustainability in WEEE. Presents the latest knowledge on the origin, identification and adverse effects of WEEE on humans and ecosystems Offers up-to-date analysis on environmental management tools, such as LCA, health risk, legalization, and policies for sustainable solutions for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Includes details and analysis of the novel approaches proposed in recent years for resource recovery from WEEE

Electronic Waste Management and Treatment Technology

Electronic Waste Management and Treatment Technology Book
Author : Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad,Meththika Vithanage
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-03-14
ISBN : 012816591X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electronic Waste Management and Treatment Technology applies the latest research for designing waste treatment and disposal strategies. Written for researchers who are exploring this emerging topic, the book begins with a short, but rigorous, discussion of electric waste management that outlines common hazardous materials. such as mercury, lead, silver and flame-retardants. The book also discusses the fate of metals contained in waste electrical and electronic equipment in municipal waste treatment. Materials and methods for the remediation, recycling and treatment of plastic waste collected from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) are also covered. Finally, the book covers the depollution benchmarks for capacitors, batteries and printed circuit boards from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) and the recovery of waste printed circuit boards through pyrometallurgy. Describes depollution benchmarks for capacitors, batteries and printed wiring boards from waste electronics Covers metals contained in waste electrical and electronic equipment in municipal waste Provides tactics for the recycling of mixed plastic waste from electrical and electronic equipment

E Waste in Transition

E Waste in Transition Book
Author : Florin-Constantin Mihai
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-06-29
ISBN : 9535124994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

E-waste management is a serious challenge across developed, transition, and developing countries because of the consumer society and the globalization process. E-waste is a fast-growing waste stream which needs more attention of international organizations, governments, and local authorities in order to improve the current waste management practices. The book reveals the pollution side of this waste stream with critical implications on the environment and public health, and also it points out the resource side which must be further developed under the circular economy framework with respect to safety regulations. In this context, complicated patterns at the global scale emerge under legal and illegal e-waste trades. The linkages between developed and developing countries and key issues of e-waste management sector are further examined in the book.

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE Handbook

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment  WEEE  Handbook Book
Author : Vannessa Goodship,Ab Stevels
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-08-30
ISBN : 0857096338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrical and electronic waste is a growing problem as volumes are increasing fast. Rapid product innovation and replacement, especially in information and communication technologies (ICT), combined with the migration from analog to digital technologies and to flat-screen televisions and monitors has resulted in some electronic products quickly reaching the end of their life. The EU directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) aims to minimise WEEE by putting organizational and financial responsibility on producers and distributors for collection, treatment, recycling and recovery of WEEE. Therefore all stakeholders need to be well-informed about their WEEE responsibilities and options. While focussing on the EU, this book draws lessons for policy and practice from all over the world. Part one introduces the reader to legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE. Part two discusses technologies for the refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste electronics. Part three focuses on electronic products that present particular challenges for recyclers. Part four explores sustainable design of electronics and supply chains. Part five discusses national and regional WEEE management schemes and part six looks at corporate WEEE management strategies. With an authoritative collection of chapters from an international team of authors, Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) handbook is designed to be used as a reference by policy-makers, producers and treatment operators in both the developed and developing world. Draws lessons for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) policy and practice from around the world Discusses legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE, including global e-waste initiatives, EU legislation relating to electronic waste, and eco-efficiency evaluation of WEEE take-back systems Sections cover technologies for refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste, sustainable design of electronics and supply chains, national and regional waste management schemes, and corporate WEEE management strategies

Recycling Materials Based on Environmentally Friendly Techniques

Recycling Materials Based on Environmentally Friendly Techniques Book
Author : Dimitris Achilias
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-07-15
ISBN : 9535121421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reducing the amount of solid wastes in landfills is one of the main targets in nowadays wastes treatment. To this direction, there is a great need in finding of smart recycling techniques which should, as is possible, to be environmentally friendly. The intention of this book is to present some recent methods for the recycling of several materials, including plastics and wood, as well as to show the importance of composting of polymers. It targets professionals, recycling companies, researchers, academics and graduate students in the fields of waste management and polymer recycling in addition to chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, chemistry and physics. This book comprises 5 chapters covering areas such as, recycling of polystyrene, polyesters, PC, WEEE and wood waste, together with compostable polymers and nanocomposites.

Recycling of Electronic Waste II

Recycling of Electronic Waste II Book
Author : Kejing Zhang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-08
ISBN : 1118086406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Currently, recycling of e-waste can be broadly divided into three major steps: (a) disassembly: selectively disassembly, targeting on singling out hazardous or valuable components for special treatment, is an indispensable process in recycling of e-waste; (b) upgrading: using mechanical processing and/or metallurgical processing to up-grade desirable materials content, i.e. preparing materials for refining process, such as grinding the plastics into powders; (c) refining: in the last step, recovered materials are retreated or purified by using metallurgical processing so as to be acceptable for their original using. Four topical areas are planned including one special session on the recycling of batteries. Papers in the following topics will be welcomed: Mechanical recycling of E-Wastes Recycling of plastics from E-Wastes Recovery of metals from E-wastes Hydrometallurgical recycling (leaching) of E-Wastes Combustion or pyrolysis of E-Wastes Life cycle and economic analysis for the recycling of E-Wastes

Global Occupational Safety and Health Management Handbook

Global Occupational Safety and Health Management Handbook Book
Author : Thomas P. Fuller
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-02-12
ISBN : 0429508735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book was written with the belief that everyone globally has the right to a safe and healthy workplace. An 8-year old carrying bricks in the mid-day sun in Nepal, a pharmaceutical business executive on assignment in Bangladesh, or a mother polishing stone in her home in Tanzania; each has a fundamental right to a workplace free from risk of injury, illness, and death. Global Occupational Safety and Health Management Handbook is a broad presentation and discussion of the issues and obstacles facing the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) profession today in providing safe workplaces globally. Readers can use this book to find resources to assist in the development of their programs and to become informed about the basic structures of international OSH development and governance. Readers can also rely on this book to become more aware of global OSH issues and problems that they may be personally or professionally willing and able to help address. Seasoned OSH professionals can expect to learn about new ways to look at complicated and controversial topics. Young professionals and students can read this book to better understand the important global OSH interrelationships and challenges of the future. Features Serves as a one-stop resource for information on important international safety and health topics and issues Provides detailed information about international OSH tripartite, nongovernmental, and professional organizations Describes the various global OSH educational and professional development needs, and international approaches to expanding capacity and awareness of the profession Discusses controversial international OSH working conditions and explains their global impacts

The Complete Technology Book on E Waste Recycling Printed Circuit Board LCD Cell Phone Battery Computers

The Complete Technology Book on E Waste Recycling  Printed Circuit Board  LCD  Cell Phone  Battery  Computers  Book
Author : NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release : 2015-02-15
ISBN : 8178331578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices. Used electronics which are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling or disposal are also considered as e-waste. With advancements in the electronic world almost occurring on a day-to-day basis and increased availability of products to the public, it is not surprising to see a staggering increase in the generation of electronic wastes over the past decade. The e-waste now represents the biggest and fastest growing manufacturing of wastes with as high as about 40 million tons a year at the global level. All these thing leads to increase in E-waste generation in the country. Electrical and electronic equipment contain different hazardous materials which are harmful to human health and the environment, if not disposed of carefully. Due to the lack of awareness for e-waste recycling in emerging economies, innovation hubs and centres of excellence have not yet been established. This has leads to the requirement of a proper disposal and recycling system so that environmental pollution and health hazard is reduced. We have tried to give information in this book which will help in minimizing this ever growing problem. Today the electronic waste recycling business is in all areas of the developed world a large and rapidly consolidating business. This recycling is done by sorting, dismantling, and recovery of valuable materials. This diversion is achieved through reuse and refurbishing. This book aims at providing a thorough understanding and analysis of the E-Waste in the wake of evolving market dynamics. The book describes E-waste rules by Ministry of Environment and Forests. The book discusses the overview of the E-Waste Recycling along with their Classification, Composition, Recycling Process of different products and effects of E-waste on environment and human health. Also it contains suppliers contact details of plant & machinery with their photographs. The book covers E-waste Recycling- An Introduction, Overview of WEEE/E-Waste Management, Hazardous Materials in E-Waste, E-Waste Management System Specifications, Recycling of E-Waste, Recycling of Printed Circuit Board, Recycling of Liquid Crystal Display, Cell Phones Recycling, Battery Recycling, Computer Recycling, Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive and Environmental Aspects. It will be a standard reference book for Professionals, Decision-makers, Engineers, those Studying and Researching in this important area and others interested in the field of E-Waste Recycling. Professionals in academia and industry will appreciate this comprehensive and practical reference book, due to its multidisciplinary nature.

E waste Recycling and Management

E waste Recycling and Management Book
Author : Anish Khan,Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 3030141845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives up-to-date information and broad views on e-waste recycling and management using the latest techniques for industrialist and academicians. It describes the problems of e-waste generated by all global living communities and its impact on our ecosystems and discusses recycling techniques in detail to reduce its effect as well as proper management of e-waste to save the environment. It also considers future technological expectations from e-waste recycling and management technologies.

Electronic Waste Management

Electronic Waste Management Book
Author : Ronald E. Hester,Roy M. Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0854041125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The book deals with the full range of waste management issues, including recycling and recovery of materials and design considerations for waste minimisation. In addition, the book also contains a wide variety of illustrative case studies. With detailed and comprehensive coverage of the subject matter, an extensive bibliography is provided with each chapter." "Electronic Waste Management is essential reading for all involved with electrical and electronic waste management through its comprehensive review of recent EU legislation and the subsequent impact on manufacturers and users of electronic equipment."--BOOK JACKET.

Metal Recovery from Electronic Waste Biological Versus Chemical Leaching for Recovery of Copper and Gold

Metal Recovery from Electronic Waste  Biological Versus Chemical Leaching for Recovery of Copper and Gold Book
Author : Arda Işildar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-30
ISBN : 0429659466
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) generation is a global problem. Despite the growing awareness and deterring legislation, most of the WEEE is disposed improperly, i.e. landfilled or otherwise shipped overseas, and treated in sub-standard conditions. Informal recycling of WEEE has catastrophic effects on humans and the environment. WEEE contains considerable quantities of valuable metals such as base metals, precious metals and rare earth elements (REE). Metal recovery from WEEE is conventionally carried out by pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical methods. In this PhD research, novel metal recovery technologies from WEEE are investigated. Using acidophilic and cyanide-generating bacteria, copper and gold were removed from crushed electronic waste with removal efficiencies of 98.4 and 44.0%, respectively. The leached metals in solution were recovered using sulfidic precipitation and electrowinning separation techniques. Finally, a techno-economic assessment of the technology was studied. This research addresses the knowledge gap on two metal extraction approaches, namely chemical and biological, from a secondary source of metals. The essential parameters of the selective metal recovery processes, scale-up potential, techno-economic and sustainability assessment have been studied.

E Waste Management

E Waste Management Book
Author : Klaus Hieronymi,Ramzy Kahhat,Eric Williams
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-06-14
ISBN : 1136299114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The landscape of electronic waste, e-waste, management is changing dramatically. Besides a rapidly increasing world population, globalization is driving the demand for products, resulting in rising prices for many materials. Absolute scarcity looms for some special resources such as indium. Used electronic products and recyclable materials are increasingly crisscrossing the globe. This is creating both - opportunities and challenges for e-waste management. This focuses on the current and future trends, technologies and regulations for reusable and recyclable e-waste worldwide. It compares international e-waste management perspectives and regulations under a view that includes the environmental, social and economic aspects of the different linked systems. It overviews the current macro-economic trends from material demand to international policy to waste scavenging, examines particular materials and product streams in detail and explores the future for e-waste and its’ management considering technology progress, improving end-of-lifecycle designs, policy and sustainability perspectives. To achieve this, the volume has been divided in twelve chapters that cover three major themes: holistic view of the global e-waste situation current reserve supply chain and management of used electronics, including flows, solutions, policies and regulations future perspectives and solutions for a sustainable e-waste management. The emphasis of the book is mainly on the dramatic change of the entire e-waste sector from the cheapest way of getting rid of e-waste in an environmental sound way to how e-waste can help to reduce excavation of new substances and lead to a sustainable economy. It is an ideal resource for policy-makers, waste managers and researchers involved in the design and implementation of e-waste.

The treatment recovery recycling and safe disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment

The treatment  recovery  recycling and safe disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment Book
Author : Department of Health: Estates and Facilities Division
Publisher : The Stationery Office
Release : 2007-09-03
ISBN : 9780113227945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Regulations (S.I. 2006/3289, ISBN 9780110754796) introduce a new legal framework for the disposal of electrical and electronic equipment by householders and non-household users. This guidance document explains the requirements of the WEEE Regulations and how they affect NHS trusts as users of non-household equipment. Issues covered include: the objectives and scope of the Regulations; key dates and deadlines; links between procurement and disposal; the need to track EEE purchases made at a department/ward level; considerations involved in accepting end-of-life responsibility from producers in new procurement; and links with other waste management legislation.

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Recycling

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Recycling Book
Author : Francesco Veglio,Ionela Birloaga
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2018-06
ISBN : 9780081020579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Electrical and Electronic Equipment Recycling: Aqueous Recovery Methods provides data regarding the implementation of aqueous methods of processing of WEEEs at the industrial level. Chapters explore points-of-view of worldwide researchers and research project managers with respect to new research developments and how to improve processing technologies. The text is divided into two parts, with the first section addressing the new research regarding the hydrometallurgical procedures adopted from minerals processing technologies. Other sections cover green chemistry, bio-metallurgy applications for WEEE treatment and the current developed aqueous methods at industrial scale. A conclusion summarizes existing research with suggestions for future actions. Provides a one-stop reference for hydrometallurgical processes of metal recovery from WEEE Includes methods presented through intended applications, including waste printed circuit boards, LCD panels, lighting and more Contains suggestions and recommendations for future actions and research prospects

E Waste Management

E Waste Management Book
Author : Varsha Bhagat-Ganguly
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 1000458245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an extensive review of e-waste management in India, the world’s third‐largest producer of waste from electrical and electronic equipment. With a focus on the evolution of legalframeworks in India and the world, it presents impacts and outcomes; challenges and opportunities; and management strategies and practices to deal with e-waste. First of its kind, the book examines relevant concepts and issues from across 15 disciplines and six areas of policy making and will serve as a comprehensive knowledge base on electronic waste in India. It links key themes to the global context of Sustainable Development Goals and explores the convergence with technological, infrastructural, and social initiatives in e-waste management. A range of topics are discussed, such as resource efficiency policies; circular economy; toxicity; technicalities and complexities of e-waste management including role of the informal sector and need for recognising social and human costs in policy making. The book deals with the role of statistics; legal trends and reforms; linkages with green Agenda 2030 and UN initiatives; implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR); environmental factors; business prospects; consequences on human health; Life Cycle Impact Assessment; the ‘six Rs’ (Responsible use, Repair, Refurbish, Recycle, Recover and Reuse); recycling practices and problems, material flow and informal sector in trade value chain; fostering partnership between formal-informal sectors; safe disposal; alternatives to landfilling; role of jurisprudence and regulatory bodies; and education and awareness. It also includes a survey of pan-India initiatives and trajectories of law-driven initiatives for effective e-waste management along with responses from industries and producers. Timely and essential, this volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of environment studies, digital waste management, waste management, development studies, public policy, political ecology, sustainable development, technology and manufacturing, design and instrumentation, environmental and international law, taxation, commerce, electronic industry, economics, business management, metallurgy, and engineering, labour studies, as well as to policymakers, nongovernmental organisations, and interested general readers.

Assessment and Management of Radioactive and Electronic Wastes

Assessment and Management of Radioactive and Electronic Wastes Book
Author : Hosam El-Din Saleh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9781789851182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hazardous waste has been defined as waste that is either in a solid, liquid, or gas form, which contributes significantly to serious irreversible or incapacitating reversible illnesses and poses a potential hazard to human health or the environment, depending on its quantity, concentration, and physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics. Hazardous waste risk assessment is a quantitative means of assessing the potential adverse effects of exposure on human health.Management of hazardous waste is a very important process for saving the environment and human life. Traditional and innovative techniques for the treatment and solidification of hazardous waste make for interesting research and study. Proper storage of hazardous waste ensures proper segregation of waste, separation of incompatible wastes, easy access to wastes, reasonable protection against vandalism, and adequate secondary containment. Hazardous wastes are generally stored in different modified containers, including drums and tanks. Prevention or minimization of hazardous waste and improving control methods are introduced as risk management options.Many countries, including developing countries, have taken steps in the right direction to minimize and manage hazardous waste, not only by cleaning up contaminated sites, but also by controlling and reducing the generation of hazardous wastes.