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Vulnerability Analysis For Transportation Networks

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Vulnerability Analysis for Transportation Networks

Vulnerability Analysis for Transportation Networks Book
Author : Michael Taylor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-06-07
ISBN : 0128110112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vulnerability Analysis for Transportation Networks provides an integrated framework for understanding and addressing how transportation networks across all modes perform when parts of the network fail or are substantially degraded, such as extreme weather events, natural disasters, road crashes, congestion incidents or road repair. The book reviews the range of existing approaches to network vulnerability and identifies the application of each approach, illustrating them with case studies from around the world. The book covers the dimensions of time (hours, days, weeks, months and years), spatial coverage (national networks, regional areas, metropolitan and urbanized areas) and modes (road, urban public transport and national railway systems). It shows how the provided framework can be used to indicate the most suitable accessibility tools and metrics for a particular application. Vulnerability Analysis for Transportation Networks is for academics and researchers in transportation networks and for practicing professionals involved in the planning and management of transportation networks and services. Presents the most current, complete and integrated account of transport network vulnerability analysis Includes numerous case studies from around the world Compares alternative approaches to vulnerability analysis for multiple modes and the applicability of each Shows how academic transport network planning and management research development can be applied to actual practice, with special focus on socio-economic and environmental impacts

A Quantitative Framework for Assessing Vulnerability and Redundancy of Freight Transportation Networks

A Quantitative Framework for Assessing Vulnerability and Redundancy of Freight Transportation Networks Book
Author : Sarawut Jansuwan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Freight transportation networks are an important component of everyday life in modern society. Disruption to these networks can make peoples0́9 daily lives extremely difficult as well as seriously cripple economic productivity. This dissertation develops a quantitative framework for assessing vulnerability and redundancy of freight transportation networks. The framework consists of three major contributions: (1) a two- stage approach for estimating a statewide truck origin-destination (O-D) trip table, (2) a decision support tool for assessing vulnerability of freight transportation networks, and (3) a quantitative approach for measuring redundancy of freight transportation networks. The dissertation first proposes a two-stage approach to estimate a statewide truck O-D trip table. The proposed approach is supported by two sequential stages: the first stage estimates a commodity-based truck O-D trip table using the commodity flows derived from the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF) database, and the second stage uses the path flow estimator (PFE) concept to refine the truck trip table obtained from the first stage using the truck counts from the statewide truck count program. The model allows great flexibility of incorporating data at different spatial levels for estimating the truck O- D trip table. The results from the second stage provide us a better understanding of truck flows on the statewide truck routes and corridors, and allow us to better manage the anticipated impacts caused by network disruptions. A decision support tool is developed to facilitate the decision making system through the application of its database management capabilities, graphical user interface, GIS-based visualization, and transportation network vulnerability analysis. The vulnerability assessment focuses on evaluating the statewide truck-freight bottlenecks/chokepoints. This dissertation proposes two quantitative measures: O-D connectivity (or detour route) in terms of distance and freight flow pattern change in terms of vehicle miles traveled (VMT). The case study adopts a 0́−what-if0́+ analysis approach by generating the disruption scenarios of the structurally deficient bridges in Utah due to earthquakes. In addition, the potential impacts of disruptions to multiple bridges in both rural and urban areas are evaluated and compared to the single bridge failure scenarios. This dissertation also proposes an approach to measure the redundancy of freight transportation networks based on two main dimensions: route diversity and network spare capacity. The route diversity dimension is used to evaluate the existence of multiple efficient routes available for users or the degree of connections between a specific O-D pair. The network spare capacity dimension is used to quantify the network- wide spare capacity with an explicit consideration of congestion effect. These two dimensions can complement each other by providing a two-dimensional characterization of freight transportation network redundancy. Case studies of the Utah statewide transportation network and coal multimodal network are conducted to demonstrate the features of the vulnerability and redundancy measures and the applicability of the quantitative assessment methodology.

Stochastic Transport Network Model and Optimization for Reliability and Vulnerability Analysis

Stochastic Transport Network Model and Optimization for Reliability and Vulnerability Analysis Book
Author : Paramet Luathep,Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stochastic Transport Network Model and Optimization for Reliability and Vulnerability Analysis book written by Paramet Luathep,Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Climate Change Adaptation for Transportation Systems

Climate Change Adaptation for Transportation Systems Book
Author : Michael A.P. Taylor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-29
ISBN : 0128166479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change Adaptation for Transportation Systems examines the international state of knowledge on climate change and weather and their potential impacts on the planning, design and serviceability of transportation networks. The book describes alternative frameworks for adapting to climate change in the planning, provision and management of transportation systems. It discusses methods and models for including climate and weather factors in planning and design for use in transportation asset systems under risk and uncertainty. Giving specific attention to road, rail, ports and harbors, the book provides users with the tools they need in decision-making approaches where there is uncertainty. Examines the impact of climate change and extreme weather on the performance and serviceability of transportation assets Explores the issues, methods, frameworks, models and techniques for assessing transportation systems' performance, including considerations for climate and the environment Provides case studies from around the world to illustrate methods, covering a wide range of climatic conditions, considerations and approaches for transportation planners

Development of a Decision Support Tool for Assessing Vulnerability of Transportation Networks

Development of a Decision Support Tool for Assessing Vulnerability of Transportation Networks Book
Author : Sarawut Jansuwan,Thitima Wonginta,Anthony Chen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract This research develops a decision support tool for assessing vulnerability of transportation networks. This report consists of 1) describing the trends of freight movements in Utah, 2) identifying the current and potential freight chokepoints/bottlenecks in Utah, 3) estimating a simplified truck Origin-Destination (O-D) trip table using the commodity flow data from the U.S. Department of Transportation Freight Analysis Framework (FAF), 4) developing a visualization tool combined with geographical information systems (GIS) features for transportation network vulnerability analysis as a decision support tool, 5) conducting a case study based on the disruption scenarios of highway bridges using the highway system in the state of Utah to evaluate the decision support tool, and 6) providing suggestions for future research.

Fragile Networks

Fragile Networks Book
Author : Anna Nagurney,Qiang Qiang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-08-17
ISBN : 9780470501122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A unified treatment of the vulnerabilities that exist in real-world network systems—with tools to identify synergies for mergers and acquisitions Fragile Networks: Identifying Vulnerabilities and Synergies in an Uncertain World presents a comprehensive study of network systems and the roles these systems play in our everyday lives. This book successfully conceptualizes, defines, and constructs mathematically rigorous, computer-based tools for the assessment of network performance and efficiency, along with robustness and vulnerability analysis. The result is a thorough exploration that promotes an understanding of the critical infrastructure of today's network systems, from congested urban transportation networks and supply chain networks under disruption to financial networks and the Internet. The authors approach the analyses by abstracting not only topological structures of networks, but also the behavior of network users, the demand for resources, the resulting flows, and the associated costs. Following an introduction to the fundamental methodologies and tools required for network analysis and network vulnerability, the book is organized into three self-contained parts: Part I—Network Fundamentals, Efficiency Measurement, and Vulnerability Analysis explores the theoretical and practical foundations for a new network efficiency measure in order to assess the importance of network components in various network systems. Methodologies for distinct decision-making behaviors are outlined, along with the tools for qualitative analysis, the algorithms for the computation of solutions, and a thorough discussion of the unified network efficient measure and network robustness with the unified measure. Part II—Applications and Extensions examines the efficiency changes and the associated cost increments after network components are eliminated or partially damaged. A discussion of the recently established connections between transportation networks and different critical networks is provided, which demonstrates how the new network measures and robustness indices can be applied to different supply chain, financial, and dynamic networks, including the Internet and electronic power networks. Part III—Mergers and Acquisitions, Network Integration, and Synergies reveals the connections between transportation networks and different network systems and quantifies the synergies associated with the network systems, from total cost reduction to environmental impact assessment. In the case of mergers and acquisitions, the focus is on supply chain networks. The authors outline a system-optimization perspective for supply chain networks and also formalize coalition formation using game theory with insights into the merger paradox. With its numerous network examples and real-world applications, Fragile Networks: Identifying Vulnerabilities and Synergies in an Uncertain World is an excellent book for courses in network science, transportation science, operations management, and financial networks at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in the areas of applied mathematics, computer science, operations research, management science, finance, and economics, as well as industrial, systems, and civil engineering. Listen to Dr. Nagurney's podcast Supernetworks: Building Better Real and Virtual Highways at http://www.scienceofbetter.org/podcast/ .

Safety and Reliability Safe Societies in a Changing World

Safety and Reliability     Safe Societies in a Changing World Book
Author : Stein Haugen,Anne Barros,Coen van Gulijk,Trond Kongsvik,Jan Erik Vinnem
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-06-15
ISBN : 1351174649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World collects the papers presented at the 28th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2018 in Trondheim, Norway, June 17-21, 2018. The contributions cover a wide range of methodologies and application areas for safety and reliability that contribute to safe societies in a changing world. These methodologies and applications include: - foundations of risk and reliability assessment and management - mathematical methods in reliability and safety - risk assessment - risk management - system reliability - uncertainty analysis - digitalization and big data - prognostics and system health management - occupational safety - accident and incident modeling - maintenance modeling and applications - simulation for safety and reliability analysis - dynamic risk and barrier management - organizational factors and safety culture - human factors and human reliability - resilience engineering - structural reliability - natural hazards - security - economic analysis in risk management Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World will be invaluable to academics and professionals working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors: offshore oil and gas, nuclear engineering, aeronautics and aerospace, marine transport and engineering, railways, road transport, automotive engineering, civil engineering, critical infrastructures, electrical and electronic engineering, energy production and distribution, environmental engineering, information technology and telecommunications, insurance and finance, manufacturing, marine transport, mechanical engineering, security and protection, and policy making.

Network Modeling 2011

Network Modeling 2011 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9780309223034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

TRB Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2263 consists of 20 papers that explore measurement of transportation network vulnerability, individual path marginal cost in networks, dynamic origin destination matrix estimation on congested networks, centralized time dependent multiple carrier collaboration for less than truckload carriers, and benchmarking dynamic origin destination demand estimation. This issue of the TRR also examines time dependent origin destination demand estimation, disaggregate multimodal travel demand modeling, discrete continuum transportation networks, distribution and assignment of compulsory and discretionary traffic, reliable shortest paths, capacitated vehicle routing problem, adaptive traffic control, and dynamic network loading with queue spillback. In addition, this TRR highlights traffic impact studies, travel speed forecasting, transit stop level origin destination estimation, bi level optimization model for public transportation network redesign problem, comparison of multiobjective evolutionary algorithms, vulnerability analysis of transportation network under scenarios of sea level rise, and locating link count sensors.

Homeland Security for Rural Transportation Networks

Homeland Security for Rural Transportation Networks Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Homeland Security for Rural Transportation Networks book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Critical Infrastructures Risk and Vulnerability Assessment in Transportation of Dangerous Goods

Critical Infrastructures  Risk and Vulnerability Assessment in Transportation of Dangerous Goods Book
Author : Bogdan I. Vamanu,Adrian V. Gheorghe,Polinpapilinho F. Katina
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-02
ISBN : 3319309315
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses a key issue in today’s society: the safer transport of dangerous goods, taking into account people, the environment and economics. In particular, it offers a potential approach to identifying the issues, developing the models, providing the methods and recommending the tools to address the risks and vulnerabilities involved. We believe this can only be achieved by assessing those risks in a comprehensive, quantifiable and integrated manner. Examining both rail and road transportation, the book is divided into three sections, covering: the mature and accepted (by both academia and practitioners) methodology of risk assessment; the vulnerability assessment – a novel approach proposed as a vital complement to risk; guidance and support to build the tools that make methods and equations to yield: the Decision Support Systems. Throughout the book, the authors do not endeavor to provide THE solution. Instead, the book offers insightful food for thought for students, researchers, practitioners and policymakers alike.

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems Book
Author : Luca Podofillini,Bruno Sudret,Bozidar Stojadinovic,Enrico Zio,Wolfgang Kröger
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-09-03
ISBN : 1315648415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems contains the Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015, held 7-10 September 2015 in Zurich, Switzerland. It includes about 570 papers accepted for presentation at the conference. These contributions focus on theories and methods in the area of risk, safety and

Critical Infrastructure

Critical Infrastructure Book
Author : Alan T. Murray,Tony Grubesic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-05
ISBN : 354068056X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text brings together differing geographic perspectives in modeling and analysis in order to highlight infrastructure weaknesses or plan for their protection. Offering new methodological approaches, the book explores the potential consequences of critical infrastructure failure, stemming from both man-made and natural disasters. The approaches employed are wide-ranging, including geographic, economic and social perspectives.

Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate

Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate Book
Author : Jiayuan Wang,Zhikun Ding,Liang Zou,Jian Zuo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-16
ISBN : 364235548X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Chinese Research Institute of Construction Management (CRIOCM) in collaboration with Shenzhen University (SZU) proudly invites all academics, researchers and professionals to participate in the CRIOCM 2012, the 17th International Symposium on "Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate." We will uphold and preserve the idea and tradition of pragmatism and innovation, to offer an excellent academic and communication platform for academics and professionals to exchange information on the latest developments in real estate and construction management.

Risk Reliability and Safety Innovating Theory and Practice

Risk  Reliability and Safety  Innovating Theory and Practice Book
Author : Lesley Walls,Matthew Revie,Tim Bedford
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 149878898X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk, Reliability and Safety contains papers describing innovations in theory and practice contributed to the scientific programme of the European Safety and Reliability conference (ESREL 2016), held at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland (25—29 September 2016). Authors include scientists, academics, practitioners, regulators and other key individuals with expertise and experience relevant to specific areas. Papers include domain specific applications as well as general modelling methods. Papers cover evaluation of contemporary solutions, exploration of future challenges, and exposition of concepts, methods and processes. Topics include human factors, occupational health and safety, dynamic and systems reliability modelling, maintenance optimisation, uncertainty analysis, resilience assessment, risk and crisis management.

Vulnerability Analysis of Road Networks

Vulnerability Analysis of Road Networks Book
Author : Sally Freeman,University of South Australia. School of Natural and Built Environments
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is concluded that when applying these measures of vulnerability, careful consideration must be given to the size and detail of the network depending on whether an overall impact,including the geographical extent of vulnerability, or a more local impact is required for the problem being investigated.

Transportation Systems and Engineering Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Transportation Systems and Engineering  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2015-06-30
ISBN : 1466684747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From driverless cars to vehicular networks, recent technological advances are being employed to increase road safety and improve driver satisfaction. As with any newly developed technology, researchers must take care to address all concerns, limitations, and dangers before widespread public adoption. Transportation Systems and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications addresses current trends in transportation technologies, such as smart cars, green technologies, and infrastructure development. This multivolume book is a critical reference source for engineers, computer scientists, transportation authorities, students, and practitioners in the field of transportation systems management.

Information Technology and Intelligent Transportation Systems

Information Technology and Intelligent Transportation Systems Book
Author : V.E. Balas,L.C. Jain,X. Zhao
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2017-08-18
ISBN : 1614997853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intelligent transport systems are on the increase. They employ a variety of technologies, from basic management systems to more advanced application systems, with information technology – including wireless communication, computational technologies, floating car data/cellular data such as sensing technologies and video vehicle detection – playing a major role. This book presents the proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Information Technology and Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITITS 2017), held in Xi’an, People's Republic of China, in June 2017. The conference provides a platform for professionals and researchers from industry and academia to present and discuss recent advances in the field of information technology and intelligent transportation systems; organizations and researchers involved in these fields, including distinguished academics from around the world, explore theoretical and applied topics such as emergency vehicle notification systems, automatic road enforcement, collision avoidance systems and cooperative systems. ITITS 2017 received more than 200 papers from 4 countries, and the 65 accepted papers appear in this book, which will be of interest to all those involved with the development of intelligent transport systems.

Network Reliability in Practice

Network Reliability in Practice Book
Author : David Levinson,Henry X. Liu,Michael Bell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-26
ISBN : 9781461409472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains selected peer-reviewed papers that were presented at the Fourth International Symposium on Transportation Network Reliability (INSTR) Conference held at the University of Minnesota July 22-23, 2010. International scholars, from a variety of disciplines--engineering, economics, geography, planning and transportation—offer varying perspectives on modeling and analysis of the reliability of transportation networks in order to illustrate both vulnerability to day-to-day and unpredictability variability and risk in travel, and demonstrates strategies for addressing those issues. The scope of the chapters includes all aspects of analysis and design to improve network reliability, specifically user perception of unreliability of public transport, public policy and reliability of travel times, the valuation and economics of reliability, network reliability modeling and estimation, travel behavior and vehicle routing under uncertainty, and risk evaluation and management for transportation networks. The book combines new methodologies and state of the art practice to model and address questions of network unreliability, making it of interest to both academics in transportation and engineering as well as policy-makers and practitioners.

Applied Risk Analysis for Guiding Homeland Security Policy and Decisions

Applied Risk Analysis for Guiding Homeland Security Policy and Decisions Book
Author : Samrat Chatterjee,Robert T. Brigantic,Angela M. Waterworth
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-24
ISBN : 1119287464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents various challenges faced by security policy makers and risk analysts, and mathematical approaches that inform homeland security policy development and decision support Compiled by a group of highly qualified editors, this book provides a clear connection between risk science and homeland security policy making and includes top-notch contributions that uniquely highlight the role of risk analysis for informing homeland security policy decisions. Featuring discussions on various challenges faced in homeland security risk analysis, the book seamlessly divides the subject of risk analysis for homeland security into manageable chapters, which are organized by the concept of risk-informed decisions, methodology for applying risk analysis, and relevant examples and case studies. Applied Risk Analysis for Guiding Homeland Security Policy and Decisions offers an enlightening overview of risk analysis methods for homeland security. For instance, it presents readers with an exploration of radiological and nuclear risk assessment, along with analysis of uncertainties in radiological and nuclear pathways. It covers the advances in risk analysis for border security, as well as for cyber security. Other topics covered include: strengthening points of entry; systems modeling for rapid containment and casualty mitigation; and disaster preparedness and critical infrastructure resilience. Highlights how risk analysis helps in the decision-making process for homeland security policy Presents specific examples that detail how various risk analysis methods provide decision support for homeland security policy makers and risk analysts Describes numerous case studies from academic, government, and industrial perspectives that apply risk analysis methods for addressing challenges within the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Offers detailed information regarding each of the five DHS missions: prevent terrorism and enhance security; secure and manage our borders; enforce and administer our immigration laws; safeguard and secure cyberspace; and strengthen national preparedness and resilience Discusses the various approaches and challenges faced in homeland risk analysis and identifies improvements and methodological advances that influenced DHS to adopt an increasingly risk-informed basis for decision-making Written by top educators and professionals who clearly illustrate the link between risk science and homeland security policy making Applied Risk Analysis for Guiding Homeland Security Policy and Decisions is an excellent textbook and/or supplement for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses related to homeland security risk analysis. It will also be an extremely beneficial resource and reference for homeland security policy analysts, risk analysts, and policymakers from private and public sectors, as well as researchers, academics, and practitioners who utilize security risk analysis methods.

SYNER G Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk

SYNER G  Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk Book
Author : K. Pitilakis,H. Crowley,A.M. Kaynia
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-01-20
ISBN : 9400778724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fragility functions constitute an emerging tool for the probabilistic seismic risk assessment of buildings, infrastructures and lifeline systems. The work presented in this book is a partial product of a European Union funded research project SYNER-G (FP7 Theme 6: Environment) where existing knowledge has been reviewed in order to extract the most appropriate fragility functions for the vulnerability analysis and loss estimation of the majority of structures and civil works exposed to earthquake hazard. Results of other relevant European projects and international initiatives are also incorporated in the book. In several cases new fragility and vulnerability functions have been developed in order to better represent the specific characteristics of European elements at risk. Several European and non-European institutes and Universities collaborated efficiently to capitalize upon existing knowledge. State-of-the-art methods are described, existing fragility curves are reviewed and, where necessary, new ones are proposed for buildings, lifelines, transportation infrastructures as well as for utilities and critical facilities. Taxonomy and typology definitions are synthesized and the treatment of related uncertainties is discussed. A fragility function manager tool and fragility functions in electronic form are provided on extras.springer.com. Audience The book aims to be a standard reference on the fragility functions to be used for the seismic vulnerability and probabilistic risk assessment of the most important elements at risk. It is of particular interest to earthquake engineers, scientists and researchers working in the field of earthquake risk assessment, as well as the insurance industry, civil protection and emergency management agencies.