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Volcanic Hazards Risks And Disasters

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Volcanic Hazards Risks and Disasters

Volcanic Hazards  Risks and Disasters Book
Author : Paolo Papale
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-10-29
ISBN : 0123964768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volcanic Hazards, Risks, and Disasters provides you with the latest scientific developments in volcano and volcanic research, including causality, impacts, preparedness, risk analysis, planning, response, recovery, and the economics of loss and remediation. It takes a geoscientific approach to the topic while integrating the social and economic issues related to volcanoes and volcanic hazards and disasters. Throughout the book case studies are presented of historically relevant volcanic and seismic hazards and disasters as well as recent catastrophes, such as Chile’s Puyehue volcano eruption in June 2011. Puts the expertise of top volcanologists, seismologists, geologists, and geophysicists selected by a world-renowned editorial board at your fingertips Presents you with the latest research—including case studies of prominent volcanoes and volcanic hazards and disasters—on causality, economic impacts, fatality rates, and earthquake preparedness and mitigation Numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, photographs, and video captures of hazardous processes support you in grasping key concepts

Forecasting and Planning for Volcanic Hazards Risks and Disasters

Forecasting and Planning for Volcanic Hazards  Risks  and Disasters Book
Author : Paolo Papale
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-04
ISBN : 0128180838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forecasting and Planning for Volcanic Hazards, Risks, and Disasters expands and complements the subject and themes in Volcanic Hazards, Risks and Disasters. Together, the two volumes represent an exhaustive compendium on volcanic hazards, risks, and disasters. Volume two presents a comprehensive picture of the volcano dynamics relevant for volcanic hazard forecasts. It also includes case studies of the associated risks and aspects like operational volcano observatory responses, communication before and across volcanic crises, emergency planning, social science aspects, and resilience from volcanic disasters. Forecasting and Planning for Volcanic Hazards, Risks, and Disasters takes a geoscientific approach to the topic while integrating the social and economic issues related to volcanoes and volcanic hazards and disasters. Features the expertise of top volcanologists, seismologists, geologists, and geophysicists Presents the latest research - including case studies of prominent volcanoes and volcanic hazards and disasters - on causality, economic and social impacts, and preparedness and mitigation Includes numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs to aid in grasping key concept

Snow and Ice Related Hazards Risks and Disasters

Snow and Ice Related Hazards  Risks  and Disasters Book
Author : Wilfried Haeberli,Colin Whiteman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-12
ISBN : 0128171308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Second Edition, provides you with the latest scientific developments in sea level rise, permafrost degradation, rock/ice avalanches, glacier surges, glacial lake outburst floods, ice shelf collapses, climate change implications, causality, impacts, preparedness and mitigation. The book takes a geo-scientific approach to the topic while also covering current thinking about directly related social scientific issues that can affect ecosystems and global economies. Special emphasis is placed on the rapidly progressing effects from global warming on the cryosphere, perspectives for the future and latest scientific advances, and technological developments. Presents the latest research on causality, glacial surges, ice-shelf collapses, sea level rise, climate change implications, and more Contains numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations and photographs of hazardous processes Features new insights on the implications of climate change, including increased melting, collapsing, flooding, methane emissions, and sea level rise

Snow and Ice Related Hazards Risks and Disasters

Snow and Ice Related Hazards  Risks  and Disasters Book
Author : Wilfried Haeberli,Colin Whiteman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-10-27
ISBN : 0123964733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters provides you with the latest scientific developments in glacier surges and melting, ice shelf collapses, paleo-climate reconstruction, sea level rise, climate change implications, causality, impacts, preparedness, and mitigation. It takes a geo-scientific approach to the topic while also covering current thinking about directly related social scientific issues that can adversely affect ecosystems and global economies. Puts the contributions from expert oceanographers, geologists, geophysicists, environmental scientists, and climatologists selected by a world-renowned editorial board in your hands Presents the latest research on causality, glacial surges, ice-shelf collapses, sea level rise, climate change implications, and more Numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations and photographs of hazardous processes will be included Features new insights into the implications of climate change on increased melting, collapsing, flooding, methane emissions, and sea level rise

Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk

Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk Book
Author : Susan C. Loughlin,Robert Stephen John Sparks,Steve Sparks,Sarah K. Brown,Susanna F. Jenkins,Charlotte Vye-Brown
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-07-24
ISBN : 1107111757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first comprehensive assessment of global volcanic hazards and risk, with detailed regional profiles, for the disaster risk reduction community. Also available as Open Access.

Landslide Hazards Risks and Disasters

Landslide Hazards  Risks  and Disasters Book
Author : Tim Davies,Nick Rosser
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-17
ISBN : 0128226455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Landslide Hazards, Risks and Disasters 2nd edition makes a broad but detailed examination of major aspects of mass movements and their consequences, and provides knowledge to form the basis for more complete and accurate monitoring, prediction, preparedness and reduction of the impacts of landslides on society. The frequency and intensity of landslide hazards and disasters has consistently increased over the past century, and this trend will continue as society increasingly utilises steep landscapes. Landslides and related phenomena can be triggered by other hazard and disaster processes – such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and wildfires – and they can also cause other hazards and disasters, making them a complex multi-disciplinary challenge. This new edition of Landslide Hazards, Risks and Disasters is updated and includes new chapters, covering additional topics including rockfalls, landslide interactions and impacts and geomorphic perspectives. Knowledge, understanding and the ability to model landslide processes are becoming increasingly important challenges for society extends its occupation of increasingly hilly and mountainous terrain, making this book a key resource for educators, researchers and disaster managers in geophysics, geology and environmental science. Provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the geological, seismological, physical, environmental and social impacts of landslides Presents the latest research on causality, impacts and landslide preparedness and mitigation. Includes numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, photographs and video captures of hazardous processes Discusses steps for planning for and responding to landslide hazards, risks and disasters

Snow and Ice Related Hazards Risks and Disasters

Snow and Ice Related Hazards  Risks  and Disasters Book
Author : Wilfried Haeberli,Colin Whiteman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 9780128100653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters provides you with the latest scientific developments in glacier surges and melting, ice shelf collapses, paleo-climate reconstruction, sea level rise, climate change implications, causality, impacts, preparedness, and mitigation. It takes a geo-scientific approach to the topic while also covering current thinking about directly related social scientific issues that can adversely affect ecosystems and global economies. Puts the contributions from expert oceanographers, geologists, geophysicists, environmental scientists, and climatologists selected by a world-renowned editorial board in your hands Presents the latest research on causality, glacial surges, ice-shelf collapses, sea level rise, climate change implications, and more Numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations and photographs of hazardous processes will be included Features new insights into the implications of climate change on increased melting, collapsing, flooding, methane emissions, and sea level rise

Doubly Stochastic Models for Volcanic Hazard Assessment at Campi Flegrei Caldera

Doubly Stochastic Models for Volcanic Hazard Assessment at Campi Flegrei Caldera Book
Author : Andrea Bevilacqua
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-03
ISBN : 8876425772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study provides innovative mathematical models for assessing the eruption probability and associated volcanic hazards, and applies them to the Campi Flegrei caldera in Italy. Throughout the book, significant attention is devoted to quantifying the sources of uncertainty affecting the forecast estimates. The Campi Flegrei caldera is certainly one of the world’s highest-risk volcanoes, with more than 70 eruptions over the last 15,000 years, prevalently explosive ones of varying magnitude, intensity and vent location. In the second half of the twentieth century the volcano apparently once again entered a phase of unrest that continues to the present. Hundreds of thousands of people live inside the caldera and over a million more in the nearby city of Naples, making a future eruption of Campi Flegrei an event with potentially catastrophic consequences at the national and European levels.

Earthquake Hazard Risk and Disasters

Earthquake Hazard  Risk  and Disasters Book
Author : Max Wyss,John F. Shroder
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-07-10
ISBN : 9780123948489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earthquake Hazard, Risk, and Disasters presents the latest scientific developments and reviews of research addressing seismic hazard and seismic risk, including causality rates, impacts on society, preparedness, insurance and mitigation. The current controversies in seismic hazard assessment and earthquake prediction are addressed from different points of view. Basic tools for understanding the seismic risk and to reduce it, like paleoseismology, remote sensing, and engineering are discussed. Contains contributions from expert seismologists, geologists, engineers and geophysicists selected by a world-renowned editorial board Presents the latest research on seismic hazard and risk assessment, economic impacts, fatality rates, and earthquake preparedness and mitigation Includes numerous illustrations, maps, diagrams and tables addressing earthquake risk reduction Features new insights and reviews of earthquake prediction, forecasting and early warning, as well as basic tools to deal with earthquake risk

Geohazards and Risks Studied from Earth Observations

Geohazards and Risks Studied from Earth Observations Book
Author : Teodolina Lopez,Anny Cazenave,Mioara Mandea,Jérôme Benveniste
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-11-23
ISBN : 9783030879884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Sentinel missions of the COPERNICUS Programme of the European Union, as well as other Earth Observation missions, provide new opportunities for systematic monitoring of natural and man-made hazards and disasters that can highly impact human societies.The contributions collected in this book address a broad range of geohazards observable from space, including earthquakes, volcanic hazards, extreme events (e.g. storm surges, floods and droughts), fires, pollution, tipping points in physical and biological systems, etc.. They provide information on how space observations can improve our understanding of the driving mechanisms at the origin of such geohazards, and of their mutual interactions. Focus is given on the expected added-value information obtained by combining different types of space-based and in situ observations as well as model results. The chapters "Space-Based Earth Observations for Disaster Risk Management", "Earth Observation for the Assessment of Earthquake Hazard, Risk and Disaster Management", "Earth Observation for Crustal Tectonics and Earthquake Hazards", "Earth Observations for Monitoring Marine Coastal Hazards and Their Drivers", "Air Pollution and Sea Pollution Seen from Space" are available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com. Previously published in Surveys in Geophysics, Volume 41, Issue 6, 2020

Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Carina Fearnley,Emily Wilkinson,Catherine J. Tillyard,Stephen J. Edwards
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-08
ISBN : 1134926758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building upon presentations given during the conference on ‘Disaster Risk Reduction for Natural Hazards: Putting Research into Practice’, held at University College London in November 2009, the articles collected in this book examine how natural hazards research is accessed and used by practitioners and decision-makers, and conversely, how policy and practice inform research. As with the conference, this book successfully brings together views from humanitarian and development agencies, academia, business, government and funding bodies. It is rare to engage such a wide range of sectors in a discussion relating to the issues of disaster risk reduction from a natural hazards perspective, and the book captures this interaction and the resultant exchange of ideas, thus providing an insight into how stakeholders respectively undertake or engage with natural hazards research. Collectively, the articles highlight the need for greater dialogue, understanding and collaboration between all these sectors if research is to be made relevant and generate significant impact on risk reduction policy and practice. There is an urgent requirement to better understand the respective needs, ways of working, project timescales and funding mechanisms for disaster risk reduction, as well as the challenges posed by institutional and organizational structures and functions. These issues must be overcome to ensure that ultimately, and most significantly, discussions turn into positive practical actions so that research on natural hazards is relevant and applicable. The book represents a step in that journey. This book was published as a special issue of Environmental Hazards.

Biological and Environmental Hazards Risks and Disasters

Biological and Environmental Hazards  Risks  and Disasters Book
Author : Ramesh Sivanpillai,John F. Shroder
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-01
ISBN : 9780123948472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters provides an integrated look at major disasters of the biosphere that have significant implications for many of the world's people: plagues and pandemics, wildfires, non-native species, deforestation, desertification, and locusts. This fascinating volume from Elsevier's Hazards and Disasters Series takes a geoscientific approach to the topic and contains new insights about how biological disasters affect hazardous processes, underscoring the relationship between biological disasters to other natural disasters. In addition, this book covers current thinking about directly-related social science issues, such as how disasters can affect lives and impact property. Contains contributions from expert environmental scientists, ecologists, biological scientists, agricultural scientists, and public health specialists selected by a world-renowned editorial board Presents the latest research on causality, economic impacts, fatality rates, and preparedness and mitigation Includes numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, photographs, and video captures of hazardous processes Includes an examination of animals as hazards

Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism

Magmatic Rifting and Active Volcanism Book
Author : T.J. Wright,A. Ayele,D.J. Ferguson,T. Kidane,C. Vye-Brown
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2016-09-06
ISBN : 1862397295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A major rifting episode began in the Afar region of northern Ethiopia in September 2005. Over a ten-day period, c. 2.5 km3 of magma were intruded along a 60 km-long dyke separating the Arabian and Nubian plates. Over the next five years, a further 13 dyke intrusions caused continued extension, eruptions and seismicity. This activity led to a renewed international focus on the role of magmatism in rifting, with major international collaborative projects working in Afar and Ethiopia to study the ongoing activity and to place it in a broader context. This book brings together articles that explore the role of magmatism in rifting, from the initiation of continental break-up through to full seafloor spreading. We also explore the hazards related to rifting and the associated volcanism. This work has implications for our understanding of how continents break-up and the associated distribution of resources in rift basins and continental margins.

The Impact of Open Science for Evaluation of Volcanic Hazards

The Impact of Open Science for Evaluation of Volcanic Hazards Book
Author : Elisa Trasatti,Fidel Costa,Michelle Parks
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-05-11
ISBN : 288966757X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Impact of Open Science for Evaluation of Volcanic Hazards book written by Elisa Trasatti,Fidel Costa,Michelle Parks, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Natural Hazards in the Asia Pacific Region

Natural Hazards in the Asia Pacific Region Book
Author : James P. Terry,James Rodney Goff
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781862393394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Even a cursory glance at any map of the Asia-Pacific region makes a striking impression: in addition to the large continental landmass the region encompasses a truly vast expanse of ocean, dispersed over which are thousands of islands. Many might say that it could not be a worse time to live in this region. In the past few years we have experienced not only a number of devastating tsunamis (Indonesia, Solomon Islands, Samoa, Japan), but should not forget either the seemingly endless list of other natural hazards such as tropical cyclones and typhoons, volcanic eruptions, river floods and wildfires, amongst numerous others.

Observing the Volcano World

Observing the Volcano World Book
Author : Carina J. Fearnley,Deanne K. Bird,Katharine Haynes,William J. McGuire,Gill Jolly
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-13
ISBN : 3319440977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book provides a comprehensive overview of volcanic crisis research, the goal being to establish ways of successfully applying volcanology in practice and to identify areas that need to be addressed for future progress. It shows how volcano crises are managed in practice, and helps to establish best practices. Consequently the book brings together authors from all over the globe who work with volcanoes, ranging from observatory volcanologists, disaster practitioners and government officials to NGO-based and government practitioners to address three key aspects of volcanic crises. First, the book explores the unique nature of volcanic hazards, which makes them a particularly challenging threat to forecast and manage, due in part to their varying spatial and temporal characteristics. Second, it presents lessons learned on how to best manage volcanic events based on a number of crises that have shaped our understanding of volcanic hazards and crises management. Third, it discusses the diverse and wide-ranging aspects of communication involved in crises, which merge old practices and new technologies to accommodate an increasingly challenging and globalised world. The information and insights presented here are essential to tapping established knowledge, moving towards more robust volcanic crises management, and understanding how the volcanic world is perceived from a range of standpoints and contexts around the globe.

Geomorphology and Natural Hazards

Geomorphology and Natural Hazards Book
Author : Timothy R. Davies,Oliver Korup,John J. Clague
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-05
ISBN : 1119990319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural disasters are occasional intense events that disturb Earth's surface, but their impact can be felt long after. Hazard events such as earthquakes, volcanos, drought, and storms can trigger a catastrophic reshaping of the landscape through the erosion, transport, and deposition of different kinds of materials. Geomorphology and Natural Hazards: Understanding Landscape Change for Disaster Mitigation is a graduate level textbook that explores the natural hazards resulting from landscape change and shows how an Earth science perspective can inform hazard mitigation and disaster impact reduction. Volume highlights include: Definitions of hazards, risks, and disasters Impact of different natural hazards on Earth surface processes Geomorphologic insights for hazard assessment and risk mitigation Models for predicting natural hazards How human activities have altered 'natural' hazards Complementarity of geomorphology and engineering to manage threats

Wildfire Hazards Risks and Disasters

Wildfire Hazards  Risks  and Disasters Book
Author : Douglas Paton,Sarah McCaffrey,Petra T. Buergelt,Fantina Tedim
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2014-10-13
ISBN : 9780124104341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

More than 90% of wildfires are caused by human activity, but other causes include lighting, drought, wind and changing weather conditions, underground coal fires, and even volcanic activity. Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, one of nine volumes in the Elsevier Hazards and Disasters series, provides a close and detailed examination of wildfires and measures for more thorough and accurate monitoring, prediction, preparedness, and prevention. It takes a geo-scientific and environmental approach to the topic while also discussing the impacts of human-induced causes such as deforestation, debris burning and arson-underscoring the multi-disciplinary nature of the topic. It presents several international case studies that discuss the historical, social, cultural and ecological aspects of wildfire risk management in countries with a long history of dealing with this hazard (e.g., USA, Australia) and in countries (e.g., Taiwan) where wildfire hazards represent a new and growing threat to the social and ecological landscape. Puts the contributions of environmental scientists, social scientists, climatologists, and geoscientists at your fingertips Arms you with the latest research on causality, social and societal impacts, economic impacts, and the multi-dimensional nature of wildfire mitigation, preparedness, and recovery Features a broad range of tables, figures, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs to aid in the retention of key concepts Discusses steps for prevention and mitigation of wildfires, one of the most expensive and complex geo-hazards in the world.

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction and Management

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Book
Author : Alfred Scott
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 9781641161091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural disasters are adverse events caused due to natural processes of the Earth. Disasters can be classified into different types depending on the area of occurrence, like geological disasters, volcanic eruptions, hydrological disasters, meteorological disasters, etc. Some examples of natural disasters are floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, etc. These can cause significant loss of life and damage to property. However, certain strategies can be adopted to minimize the risks of disasters. The field of disaster risk management is concerned with minimizing the socio-economic vulnerabilities as well as managing the hazards that trigger them. This book explores all the important aspects of disaster risk reduction and management in the modern day scenario. It includes some of the vital pieces of work being conducted across the world, on various topics related to these domains. It will serve as a reference to a broad spectrum of readers. A number of latest researches have been included to keep the readers up-to-date with the global concepts in this area of study.

Volcano Hazard in the United States

Volcano Hazard in the United States Book
Author : Richard A. Warrick
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Volcano Hazard in the United States book written by Richard A. Warrick, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.