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Volatiles And Metabolites Of Microbes

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Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Joginder Singh,Jastin Samuel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0323851649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes compiles the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, metabolites synthesized from the microbial strains such as actinomycetes, bacteria, cyanobacteria, and fungal species and their potential applications in the field of healthcare issue and sustainable agriculture. There is an urgent need to explore new and advanced biological methods for health industries and sustainable agriculture and to protect the environment from environmental pollution or contaminates, global warming, and also control the health of human beings from the side effects of various pharmaceuticals products. Focusing all these factors, Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes explores new aspects of microorganism in terms of volatiles, enzymes, bioactive compounds synthesized from the microbes and their potential applications in the field of sustainable agriculture and health-related issues Provides a broad aspect about volatiles, bioactive compounds, and secondary metabolites of microbes compiled in one cover Gives the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, secondary metabolites, and bioactive compounds synthesized from the different microbial strains Responds to new developments in the detection of the complex compound structures of volatiles Offers insight to a very broad audience in Biotechnology, Applied Microbiology, Agronomy, and Pathology

Bacterial Volatile Compounds as Mediators of Airborne Interactions

Bacterial Volatile Compounds as Mediators of Airborne Interactions Book
Author : Choong-Min Ryu,Laure Weisskopf,Birgit Piechulla
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-26
ISBN : 9811572933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the fundamentals of bacterial volatile-mediated communication with other organisms, starting with the biosyntheses of volatile organic compounds (VOC), interactions with plants and animals, interactions with microbes, tools for data analysis, and their applications. With this foundation in place, the book subsequently focuses on understanding the effect of bacterial volatiles on plant growth promotion, discusses plant immunity, and lastly shares insights into future research directions. The book is divided into fourteen-in-depth chapters, each of which is designed to enrich readers’ understanding of bacterial volatile compounds’ functions and various applications. The pivotal roles of bacterial volatile compounds make this book essential reading for scientists and students of all biological disciplines seeking to fully understand microorganism responses and environmental adaptations. In addition to its value as a fundamental book for graduate students, it offers a clearly structured reference guide for all individuals working in microbiology.

Volatile Microbial Metabolites from Myxobacteria

Volatile Microbial Metabolites from Myxobacteria Book
Author : Nargis Khakin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9783843946452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Volatile Microbial Metabolites from Myxobacteria book written by Nargis Khakin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Volatiles and Food Security

Volatiles and Food Security Book
Author : Devendra K. Choudhary,Anil K. Sharma,Prachi Agarwal,Ajit Varma,Narendra Tuteja
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-06
ISBN : 981105553X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents research on volatiles produced by microbes and plants along with their biotechnological implications for sustainable agriculture. A greater understanding of how plants and microbes live together and benefit each other can provide new strategies to improve plant productivity, while at the same time helping to protect the environment and maintain global biodiversity. To date, the use of chemicals to enhance plant growth or induced resistance in plants has been limited due to the negative effects and the difficulty in determining the optimal concentrations to benefit the plant. The book discusses extensive studies on biological alternatives that avoid these problems, and the research presented suggests that these compounds could offer an environmentally sound means to better grow and protect plants under greenhouse or field conditions. To understand the nature of VOCs and gene expression profiling of plant genes responding against these compounds can be conducted. It is possible that VOCs produced by microbes while colonizing roots are generated at sufficient concentrations to trigger plant responses. In conclusion, positive or negative effects of VOCs on plant productivity will be dependent on upon specific VOCs microbial strain, plant genotype, and presence/absence of abiotic/biotic stresses

Understanding Complex Earth Systems

Understanding Complex Earth Systems Book
Author : Karen Sue McNeal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding complex Earth systems is challenging for scientists and students alike, because of the characteristics (e.g. bifurcations, self-organization, chaotic response) that are associated with these systems. This research integrates two research strands which contribute to the scientific and pedagogical understanding of complex Earth systems. In the first strand, a method that characterizes volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as ecological proxies of soil microbial ecosystems was validated. Unlike other measures of microbial community structure (e.g. Biolog and FAME), VOCs are advantageous because they are non-destructive and can provide temporal and spatial data. Additionally they are rich sources of information that describe the microbial metabolism, community structure, and organic carbon substrates utilized by soil microorganisms. Statistical results indicate that the detected and identified VOCs were significant (p

Secondary Metabolites of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizo microorganisms

Secondary Metabolites of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizo microorganisms Book
Author : Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Chetan Keswani,M. S. Reddy,Estibaliz Sansinenea Royano,Carlos García-Estrada
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-13
ISBN : 9789811358616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent changes in the pattern of agricultural practices from use of hazardous pesticides to natural (organic) cultivation has brought into focus the use of agriculturally important microorganisms for carrying out analogous functions. The reputation of plant growth promoting rhizomicroorganisms (PGPRs) is due to their antagonistic mechanisms against most of the fungal and bacterial phytopathogens. The biocontrol potential of agriculturally important microorganisms is mostly attributed to their bioactive secondary metabolites. However, low shelf life of many potential agriculturally important microorganisms impairs their use in agriculture and adoption by farmers. The focal theme of this book is to highlight the potential of employing biosynthesized secondary metabolites (SMs) from agriculturally important microorganisms for management of notorious phytopathogens, as a substitute of the currently available whole organism formulations and also as alternatives to hazardous synthetic pesticides. Accordingly, we have incorporated a comprehensive rundown of sections which particularly examine the SMs synthesized, secreted and induced by various agriculturally important microorganisms and their applications in agriculture. Section 1 includes discussion on biosynthesized antimicrobial secondary metabolites from fungal biocontrol agents. This section will cover the various issues such as development of formulation of secondary metabolites, genomic basis of metabolic diversity, metabolomic profiling of fungal biocontrol agents, novel classes of antimicrobial peptides. The section 1 will also cover the role of these secondary metabolites in antagonist-host interaction and application of biosynthesized antimicrobial secondary metabolites for management of plant diseases. Section 2 will discuss the biosynthesized secondary metabolites from bacterial PGPRs, strain dependent effects on plant metabolome profile, bio-prospecting various isolates of bacterial PGPRs for potential secondary metabolites and non-target effects of PGPR on microbial community structure and functions. Section 3 encompasses synthesis of antimicrobial secondary metabolites from beneficial endophytes, bio-prospecting medicinal and aromatic hosts and effect of endophytic SMs on plants under biotic and biotic stress conditions.

Plant Microbial Interactions and Smart Agricultural Biotechnology

Plant Microbial Interactions and Smart Agricultural Biotechnology Book
Author : Swati Tyagi,Robin Kumar,Baljeet Saharan,Ashok Kumar Nadda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-29
ISBN : 1000453731
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Considering the ever-increasing global population and finite arable land, technology and sustainable agricultural practices are required to improve crop yield. This book examines the interaction between plants and microbes and considers the use of advanced techniques such as genetic engineering, revolutionary gene editing technologies, and their applications to understand how plants and microbes help or harm each other at the molecular level. Understanding plant-microbe interactions and related gene editing technologies will provide new possibilities for sustainable agriculture. The book will be extremely useful for researchers working in the fields of plant science, molecular plant biology, plant-microbe interactions, plant engineering technology, agricultural microbiology, and related fields. It will be useful for upper-level students and instructors specifically in the field of biotechnology, microbiology, biochemistry, and agricultural science. Features: Examines the most advanced approaches for genetic engineering of agriculture (CRISPR, TALAN, ZFN, etc.). Discusses the microbiological control of various plant diseases. Explores future perspectives for research in microbiological plant science. Plant-Microbial Interactions and Smart Agricultural Biotechnology will serve as a useful source of cutting-edge information for researchers and innovative professionals, as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students taking related agriculture and environmental science courses.

Smelly Fumes Volatile Mediated Communication between Bacteria and Other Organisms

Smelly Fumes  Volatile Mediated Communication between Bacteria and Other Organisms Book
Author : Laure Weisskopf,Choong-Min Ryu,Jos M. Raaijmakers,Paolina Garbeva
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-08-16
ISBN : 2889452220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This e-book summarizes recent advances in the young and rapidly developing field of microbial volatiles. Articles included here reveal novel information about the chemical diversity of bacterial and fungal volatiles, their functions, their roles in inter-specific and inter-kingdom interactions and the metabolic and physiological changes their exposure causes in the target organisms. The e-book is divided in three chapters: (1) Natural Functions of Microbial Volatiles; (2) Volatile Production and Ecosystem Functioning and (3) Volatile Detection and Identification.

Progress in Volatile Organic Compounds Research

Progress in Volatile Organic Compounds Research Book
Author : Igor Jerković
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-29
ISBN : 3039288717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been intensively investigated in the last few decades. Their origins differ: plant secondary metabolites, food/beverages aromas, fungal/bacterial volatiles, and others. VOCs typically occur as complex mixtures of compounds (e.g., monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, norisoprenoids, aliphatic/aromatic compounds, sulfur containing compounds, and others). They form through different biochemical pathways and can be modified or created during drying or maturation, thermal treatment, and others. Different conventional or modern methods of VOCs isolation, followed by the analysis with chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques, usually provide different chemical profiles and have been under constant modification and upgrading. The ecological interactions are mediated by VOCs (inter- and intra-organismic communication) and they can act as pheromones, attractants, or alleochemicals. Among them, chemical biomarkers of botanical origin or chemotaxonomic markers may be found. Many VOCs possess different biological activities, such as antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral, anticancer, and other activities. VOCs research from different sources is required to report their distribution and chemical profiles, and to discover new compounds. This Special Issue aims to attract up-to-date contributions on all aspects of VOCs chemistry, from challenges in their isolation to analysis, and on unlocking their biological activities or other useful properties

Secondary Metabolites

Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Ramasamy Vijayakumar,Suresh S.S. Raja
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-09-05
ISBN : 1789236428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of an introductory overview of secondary metabolites, which are classified into four main sections: microbial secondary metabolites, plant secondary metabolites, secondary metabolites through tissue culture technique, and regulation of secondary metabolite production. This book provides a comprehensive account on the secondary metabolites of microorganisms, plants, and the production of secondary metabolites through biotechnological approach like the plant tissue culture method. The regulatory mechanisms of secondary metabolite production in plants and the pharmaceutical and other applications of various secondary metabolites are also highlighted. This book is considered as necessary reading for microbiologists, biotechnologists, biochemists, pharmacologists, and botanists who are doing research in secondary metabolites. It should also be useful to MSc students, MPhil and PhD scholars, scientists, and faculty members of various science disciplines.

Volatile Metabolites from Microorganisms in Indoor Environments

Volatile Metabolites from Microorganisms in Indoor Environments Book
Author : Anna-Lena Sunesson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9789171911025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Volatile Metabolites from Microorganisms in Indoor Environments book written by Anna-Lena Sunesson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Characterization of Volatiles Produced by Microbial Metabolism on Radurized and Non Radurized Poultry at Refrigerated Temperatures

The Characterization of Volatiles Produced by Microbial Metabolism on Radurized and Non Radurized Poultry at Refrigerated Temperatures Book
Author : Lawrence R. Freeman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1973
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Characterization of Volatiles Produced by Microbial Metabolism on Radurized and Non Radurized Poultry at Refrigerated Temperatures book written by Lawrence R. Freeman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Volatile Bacterial Metabolites as Indicators of Bacterial Growth

Volatile Bacterial Metabolites as Indicators of Bacterial Growth Book
Author : Charlotte Elisabeth Grüner Schöller
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Volatile Bacterial Metabolites as Indicators of Bacterial Growth book written by Charlotte Elisabeth Grüner Schöller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Recent Advancement in White Biotechnology Through Fungi

Recent Advancement in White Biotechnology Through Fungi Book
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Sangram Singh,Shashank Mishra,Arti Gupta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-24
ISBN : 3030148467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

White biotechnology is industrial biotechnology dealing with various biotech products through applications of microbes. The main application of white biotechnology is commercial production of various useful organic substances, such as acetic acid, citric acid, acetone, glycerine, etc., and antibiotics like penicillin, streptomycin, mitomycin, etc., and value added product through the use of microorganisms especially fungi and bacteria. The value-added products included bioactive compounds, secondary metabolites, pigments and industrially important enzymes for potential applications in agriculture, pharmaceuticals, medicine and allied sectors for human welfare. In the 21st century, techniques were developed to harness fungi to protect human health (through antibiotics, antimicrobial, immunosuppressive agents, value-added products etc.), which led to industrial scale production of enzymes, alkaloids, detergents, acids, biosurfactants. The first large-scale industrial applications of modern biotechnology have been made in the areas of food and animal feed production (agricultural/green biotechnology) and pharmaceuticals (medical/red biotechnology). In contrast, the production of bio-active compounds through fermentation or enzymatic conversion is known industrial or white biotechnology. The beneficial fungal strains may play important role in agriculture, industry and the medical sectors. The beneficial fungi play a significance role in plant growth promotion, and soil fertility using both, direct (solubilization of phosphorus, potassium and zinc; production of indole acetic acid, gibberellic acid, cytokinin and siderophores) and indirect (production of hydrolytic enzymes, siderophores, ammonia, hydrogen cyanides and antibiotics) mechanisms of plant growth promotion for sustainable agriculture. The fungal strains and their products (enzymes, bio-active compounds and secondary metabolites) are very useful for industry. The discovery of antibiotics is a milestone in the development of white biotechnology. Since then, white biotechnology has steadily developed and now plays a key role in several industrial sectors, providing both high valued nutraceuticals and pharmaceutical products. The fungal strains and bio-active compounds also play important role in the environmental cleaning. This volume covers the latest research developments related to value-added products in white biotechnology through fungi.

Volatile Organic Compound Analysis in Biomedical Diagnosis Applications

Volatile Organic Compound Analysis in Biomedical Diagnosis Applications Book
Author : Raquel Cumeras,Xavier Correig
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 042978242X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents a thought-provoking state-of-the-art picture of how volatile compounds are used in metabolomics, currently a hot topic in the metabolomics field. It provides a thorough description of what volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are, why they are important in biomedicine, and what the analytical platforms are used. It also looks at multivariate analysis and databases needs. Because VOCs are end-up compounds of metabolic processes, volatiles can be linked to different diseases or pathologies for both diagnosis and prognosis. The authors provide authoritative information and guidance on the analytical and statistical techniques used and how to identify, and they review the main current areas of application, which include breath metabolomics, cancer diagnosis, and microbial volatiles. Key Features: Presents a thorough overview of volatile research in biomedical applications Examines both gold standard techniques (metabolomics based) and artificial olfactory systems Reviews all aspects of volatile metabolites in biomedicine research, from origin to detection platforms Describes relevant diseases diagnosis and prognosis achievements, including cancer

Principles of Plant Microbe Interactions

Principles of Plant Microbe Interactions Book
Author : Ben Lugtenberg
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-04
ISBN : 3319085751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of microbial plant protection products is growing and their importance will strongly increase due to political and public pressure. World population is growing and the amount of food needed by 2050 will be double of what is produced now whereas the area of agricultural land is decreasing. We must increase crop yield in a sustainable way. Chemical plant growth promoters must be replaced by microbiological products. Also here, the use of microbial products is growing and their importance will strongly increase. A growing area of agricultural land is salinated. Global warming will increase this process. Plants growth is inhibited by salt or even made impossible and farmers tend to disuse the most salinated lands. Microbes have been very successfully used to alleviate salt stress of plants. Chemical pollution of land can make plant growth difficult and crops grown are often polluted and not suitable for consumption. Microbes have been used to degrade these chemical pollutants.

Volatile Biomarkers

Volatile Biomarkers Book
Author : Anton Amann,David Smith
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-03-27
ISBN : 0444626204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath, sweat or urine carry much information on the state of human health. The role of VOCs in clinical diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring is expected to become increasingly significant due to recent advances in the field. Volatile Biomarkers: Non-Invasive Diagnosis in Physiology and Medicine includes the latest discoveries and applications for VOCs from the world's foremost scientists and clinicians working in this emerging analytic area. Appeals to a multidisciplinary audience, including scientists, researchers, and clinicians with an interest in breath analysis Features the latest scientific research and technical breakthroughs in the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of volatile organic compounds Includes case presentations documenting applications in multiple areas of human health and safety

Advanced Techniques in Diagnostic Microbiology

Advanced Techniques in Diagnostic Microbiology Book
Author : Yi-Wei Tang,Charles W. Stratton
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 3319339001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, advanced molecular techniques in diagnostic microbiology have been revolutionizing the practice of clinical microbiology in the hospital setting. Molecular diagnostic testing in general and nucleic acid-based amplification methods in particular have been heralded as diagnostic tools for the new millennium. This third edition covers not only the most recent updates and advances, but details newly invented omic techniques, such as next generation sequencing. It is divided into two distinct volumes, with Volume 1 describing the techniques, and Volume 2 addressing their applications in the field. In addition, both volumes focus more so on the clinical relevance of the test results generated by these techniques than previous editions.

Volatile Organic Compound Analysis in Biomedical Diagnosis Applications

Volatile Organic Compound Analysis in Biomedical Diagnosis Applications Book
Author : Raquel Cumeras,Xavier Correig
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 0429782438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents a thought-provoking state-of-the-art picture of how volatile compounds are used in metabolomics, currently a hot topic in the metabolomics field. It provides a thorough description of what volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are, why they are important in biomedicine, and what the analytical platforms are used. It also looks at multivariate analysis and databases needs. Because VOCs are end-up compounds of metabolic processes, volatiles can be linked to different diseases or pathologies for both diagnosis and prognosis. The authors provide authoritative information and guidance on the analytical and statistical techniques used and how to identify, and they review the main current areas of application, which include breath metabolomics, cancer diagnosis, and microbial volatiles. Key Features: Presents a thorough overview of volatile research in biomedical applications Examines both gold standard techniques (metabolomics based) and artificial olfactory systems Reviews all aspects of volatile metabolites in biomedicine research, from origin to detection platforms Describes relevant diseases diagnosis and prognosis achievements, including cancer

Microbial Metatranscriptomics Belowground

Microbial Metatranscriptomics Belowground Book
Author : Manoj Nath
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-20
ISBN : 9811597588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microbial Metatranscriptomics Belowground book written by Manoj Nath, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.