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Voids In Materials

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Voids in Materials

Voids in Materials Book
Author : Gary M. Gladysz,Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-30
ISBN : 0128192836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Voids in Materials: From Unavoidable Defects to Designed Cellular Materials, Second Edition, provides a central reference for discussion of voids in materials, covering all types of voids—intrinsic and intentional, and stochastic and non-stochastic—and the processes and conditions that are needed to create them. The book offers an extensive review of current applications and proposes future directions for using voids to impart functionality. The voids (or empty spaces in materials) are defined, categorized, and characterized, including the effects they have on material properties, and designed or unavoidable defects. Ultimately, voids are viewed as a material design parameter that can be incorporated into materials on multiple length scales for the design of multifunctional material. All materials have voids in them, at some scale. Sometimes the voids are ignored, sometimes they are taken into account, and other times they are the focal point of the research. Covers the effect of voids in materials, from low volume fraction defects to very high-volume fraction foams Explains how and why voids are introduced into materials across multiple length scales Discusses the smallest scale in which voids are mostly unavoidable Presents voids across the volume fraction scale Provides a continuous and clear picture of how material properties change as the volume fraction of void goes from 1% up to 99% Outlines the implications of voids at different length scales and volume fraction content Explains the Impact of designed and unwanted voids on current mega trends

Voids in Materials

Voids in Materials Book
Author : Gary M. Gladysz,Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-09-09
ISBN : 0444563741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Voids in Materials treats voids of different shapes and forms in various materials, and examines their effects on material properties. The book covers the origins of voids in materials, how they are sometimes introduced in the form of hollow spheres, and the resultant properties of materials containing voids. There are many books that focus on foams (which intentionally incorporate voids into materials) and that cover voids incidental to or unwanted in the fabrication of non-porous materials. In fact, all materials have voids. This book starts from the premise that voids are pervasive in all material on some level. It goes beyond foams to provide a comprehensive overview of voids, a central reference for scientists and engineers to use for the effect of voids in materials. Includes 3D renderings of void geometries Explains how and why voids are introduced into materials across the length scales; from nanometer-scale voids up to macro-scale voids Provides a continuous picture of how material properties change as the volume fraction of voids increases, and the implications for product design

Method for Measuring Voids in Porous Materials

Method for Measuring Voids in Porous Materials Book
Author : John D. Sullivan,G. L. Oldright,W. E. Keck
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1930
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Method for Measuring Voids in Porous Materials book written by John D. Sullivan,G. L. Oldright,W. E. Keck, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering ICME for Metals

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering  ICME  for Metals Book
Author : Mark F. Horstemeyer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-23
ISBN : 1119018390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focuses entirely on demystifying the field and subject of ICME and provides step-by-step guidance on its industrial application via case studies This highly-anticipated follow-up to Mark F. Horstemeyer’s pedagogical book on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) concepts includes engineering practice case studies related to the analysis, design, and use of structural metal alloys. A welcome supplement to the first book—which includes the theory and methods required for teaching the subject in the classroom—Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) For Metals: Concepts and Case Studies focuses on engineering applications that have occurred in industries demonstrating the ICME methodologies, and aims to catalyze industrial diffusion of ICME technologies throughout the world. The recent confluence of smaller desktop computers with enhanced computing power coupled with the emergence of physically-based material models has created the clear trend for modeling and simulation in product design, which helped create a need to integrate more knowledge into materials processing and product performance. Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) For Metals: Case Studies educates those seeking that knowledge with chapters covering: Body Centered Cubic Materials; Designing An Interatomic Potential For Fe-C Alloys; Phase-Field Crystal Modeling; Simulating Dislocation Plasticity in BCC Metals by Integrating Fundamental Concepts with Macroscale Models; Steel Powder Metal Modeling; Hexagonal Close Packed Materials; Multiscale Modeling of Pure Nickel; Predicting Constitutive Equations for Materials Design; and more. Presents case studies that connect modeling and simulation for different materials' processing methods for metal alloys Demonstrates several practical engineering problems to encourage industry to employ ICME ideas Introduces a new simulation-based design paradigm Provides web access to microstructure-sensitive models and experimental database Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) For Metals: Case Studies is a must-have book for researchers and industry professionals aiming to comprehend and employ ICME in the design and development of new materials.

The Stability of Voids in Materials Under Irradiation

The Stability of Voids in Materials Under Irradiation Book
Author : D. I. R. Norris
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Stability of Voids in Materials Under Irradiation book written by D. I. R. Norris, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Processing and Characterization of Magnesium Based Materials

Processing and Characterization of Magnesium Based Materials Book
Author : Domonkos Tolnai
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-08-31
ISBN : 3036511024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to their lightweight and high specific strength, Mg-based alloys are considered as substitutes to their heavier counterparts in applications in which corrosion is non-relevant and weight saving is of importance. Furthermore, due to the biocompatibility of Mg, some alloys with controlled corrosion rates are used as degradable implant materials in the medical sector. The typical processing route of Mg parts incorporates a casting step and, subsequently, a thermo–mechanical treatment. In order to achieve the desired macroscopic properties and thus fulfill the service requirements, thorough knowledge of the relationship between the microstructure, the processing steps, and the resulting property profile is necessary. This Special Issue covers in situ and ex situ experimental and computational investigations of the behavior under thermo–mechanical load of Mg-based alloys utilizing modern characterization and simulation techniques. The papers cover investigations on the effect of rare earth additions on the mechanical properties of different Mg alloys, including the effect of long-period stacking-ordered (LPSO) structures, and the experimental and computational investigation of the effect of different processing routes.

State of the art Techniques for Backfilling Abandoned Mine Voids

State of the art Techniques for Backfilling Abandoned Mine Voids Book
Author : Jeffrey S. Walker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download State of the art Techniques for Backfilling Abandoned Mine Voids book written by Jeffrey S. Walker, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Continuum Scale Simulation of Engineering Materials

Continuum Scale Simulation of Engineering Materials Book
Author : Dierk Raabe,Franz Roters,Frédéric Barlat,Long-Qing Chen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-08-06
ISBN : 9783527307609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book fills a gap by presenting our current knowledge and understanding of continuum-based concepts behind computational methods used for microstructure and process simulation of engineering materials above the atomic scale. The volume provides an excellent overview on the different methods, comparing the different methods in terms of their respective particular weaknesses and advantages. This trains readers to identify appropriate approaches to the new challenges that emerge every day in this exciting domain. Divided into three main parts, the first is a basic overview covering fundamental key methods in the field of continuum scale materials simulation. The second one then goes on to look at applications of these methods to the prediction of microstructures, dealing with explicit simulation examples, while the third part discusses example applications in the field of process simulation. By presenting a spectrum of different computational approaches to materials, the book aims to initiate the development of corresponding virtual laboratories in the industry in which these methods are exploited. As such, it addresses graduates and undergraduates, lecturers, materials scientists and engineers, physicists, biologists, chemists, mathematicians, and mechanical engineers.

Blind Pneumatic Stowing in Voids in Abandoned Mines

Blind Pneumatic Stowing in Voids in Abandoned Mines Book
Author : Paul F. Sands,Christine M. K. Boldt,T. M. Ruff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Blind Pneumatic Stowing in Voids in Abandoned Mines book written by Paul F. Sands,Christine M. K. Boldt,T. M. Ruff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mechanical Behavior of Materials

Mechanical Behavior of Materials Book
Author : Thomas H. Courtney
Publisher : Waveland Press
Release : 2005-12-16
ISBN : 1478608382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This outstanding text offers a comprehensive treatment of the principles of the mechanical behavior of materials. Appropriate for senior and graduate courses, it is distinguished by its focus on the relationship between macroscopic properties, material microstructure, and fundamental concepts of bonding and crystal structure. The current, second edition retains the original editions extensive coverage of nonmetallics while increasing coverage of ceramics, composites, and polymers that have emerged as structural materials in their own right and are now competitive with metals in many applications. It contains new case studies, includes solved example problems, and incorporates real-life examples. Because of the books extraordinary breadth and depth, adequate coverage of all of the material requires two full semesters of a typical three-credit course. Since most curricula do not have the luxury of allocating this amount of time to mechanical behavior of materials, the text has been designed so that material can be culled or deleted with ease. Instructors can select topics they wish to emphasize and are able to proceed at any level they consider appropriate.

Nucleation of Voids in Materials Supersaturated with Mobile Interstitials Vacancies and Divacancies

Nucleation of Voids in Materials Supersaturated with Mobile Interstitials  Vacancies  and Divacancies Book
Author : W. G. Wolfer,A. Si-Ahmed,University of Wisconsin--Madison. Nuclear Engineering Department. Fusion Engineering Program,University of Wisconsin--Madison. Fusion Research Program
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nucleation of Voids in Materials Supersaturated with Mobile Interstitials Vacancies and Divacancies book written by W. G. Wolfer,A. Si-Ahmed,University of Wisconsin--Madison. Nuclear Engineering Department. Fusion Engineering Program,University of Wisconsin--Madison. Fusion Research Program, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Shock Phenomena in Granular and Porous Materials

Shock Phenomena in Granular and Porous Materials Book
Author : Tracy J. Vogler,D. Anthony Fredenburg
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-04
ISBN : 3030230023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Granular forms of common materials such as metals and ceramics, sands and soils, porous energetic materials (explosives, reactive mixtures), and foams exhibit interesting behaviors due to their heterogeneity and critical length scale, typically commensurate with the grain or pore size. Under extreme conditions of impact, granular and porous materials display highly localized phenomena such as fracture, inelastic deformation, and the closure of voids, which in turn strongly influence the bulk response. Due to the complex nature of these interactions and the short time scales involved, computational methods have proven to be powerful tools to investigate these phenomena. Thus, the coupled use of experiment, theory, and simulation is critical to advancing our understanding of shock processes in initially porous and granular materials. This is a comprehensive volume on granular and porous materials for researchers working in the area of shock and impact physics. The book is divided into three sections, where the first presents the fundamentals of shock physics as it pertains to the equation of state, compaction, and strength properties of porous materials. Building on these fundamentals, the next section examines several applications where dynamic processes involving initially porous materials are prevalent, focusing on the areas of penetration, planetary impact, and reactive munitions. The final section provides a look at emerging areas in the field, where the expansion of experimental and computational capabilities are opening the door for new opportunities in the areas of advanced light sources, molecular dynamics modeling, and additively manufactured porous structures. By intermixing experiment, theory, and simulation throughout, this book serves as an excellent, up-to-date desk reference for those in the field of shock compression science of porous and granular materials.

Vital Voids

Vital Voids Book
Author : Andrew Finegold
Publisher : University of Texas Press
Release : 2021-05-11
ISBN : 1477323287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Resurrection Plate, a Late Classic Maya dish, is decorated with an arresting scene. The Maize God, assisted by two other deities, emerges reborn from a turtle shell. At the center of the plate, in the middle of the god’s body and aligned with the point of emergence, there is a curious sight: a small, neatly drilled hole. Art historian Andrew Finegold explores the meanings attributed to this and other holes in Mesoamerican material culture, arguing that such spaces were broadly understood as conduits of vital forces and material abundance, prerequisites for the emergence of life. Beginning with, and repeatedly returning to, the Resurrection Plate, this study explores the generative potential attributed to a wide variety of cavities and holes in Mesoamerica, ranging from the perforated dishes placed in Classic Maya burials, to caves and architectural voids, to the piercing of human flesh. Holes are also discussed in relation to fire, based on the common means through which both were produced: drilling. Ultimately, by attending to what is not there, Vital Voids offers a fascinating approach to Mesoamerican cosmology and material culture.

Earth Materials

Earth Materials Book
Author : Dexter Perkins,Kevin R. Henke,Adam C. Simon,Lance D. Yarbrough
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-24
ISBN : 0429591195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a large and growing need for a textbook that can form the basis for integrated classes that look at minerals, rocks, and other Earth materials. Despite the need, no high-quality book is available for such a course. Earth Materials is a wide-ranging undergraduate textbook that covers all the most important kinds of (inorganic) Earth materials. Besides traditional chapters on minerals and rocks, this book features chapters on sediments and stratigraphy, weathering and soils, water and the hydrosphere, and mineral and energy deposits. Introductions to soil mechanics and rock mechanics are also included. This book steers away from the model of traditional encyclopedic science textbooks, but rather exposes students to the key and most exciting ideas and information, with an emphasis on thinking about Earth as a system. The book is written in such a manner as to support inquiry, discovery and other forms of active learning. All chapters start with a short topical story or vignette, and the plentiful photographs and other graphics are integrated completely with the text. Earth Materials will be interesting and useful for a wide range of learners, including geoscience students, students taking mineralogy and petrology courses, engineers, and anyone interested in learning more about the Earth as a system.

Bridging the Centuries with SAMPE s Materials and Processes Technology

Bridging the Centuries with SAMPE s Materials and Processes Technology Book
Author : Steve Loud
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0938994867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bridging the Centuries with SAMPE s Materials and Processes Technology book written by Steve Loud, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The resistance of composite materials against electrical discharges

The resistance of composite materials against electrical discharges Book
Author : Joachim T. Holbøll
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The resistance of composite materials against electrical discharges book written by Joachim T. Holbøll, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Methods of Reducing the Size and Number of Voids on Formed Concrete Surfaces

Methods of Reducing the Size and Number of Voids on Formed Concrete Surfaces Book
Author : Billy J. Houston
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Methods of Reducing the Size and Number of Voids on Formed Concrete Surfaces book written by Billy J. Houston, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multi Scale Modeling and Characterization of Infrastructure Materials

Multi Scale Modeling and Characterization of Infrastructure Materials Book
Author : Niki Kringos,Björn Birgisson,David Frost,Linbing Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-05-26
ISBN : 9400768788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The micro- and nano-modification of infrastructure materials and the associated multi-scale characterization and simulation has the potential to open up whole new uses and classes of materials, with wide-ranging implications for society. The use of multi-scale characterization and simulation brings the ability to target changes at the very small scale that predictably effect the bulk behavior of the material and thus allowing for the optimization of material behavior and performance. The International RILEM Symposium on Multi-Scale Modeling and Characterization of Infrastructure Materials (Stockholm, June 10-12, 2013) brought together key researchers from around the world to present their findings and ongoing research in this field in a focused environment with extended discussion times. From asphalt to concrete, from chemistry to mechanics, from nano- to macro-scale: the collection of topics covered by the Symposium represents the width and depth of the currently ongoing efforts of developing more sustainable infrastructure materials. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduates and graduate students engaged in infrastructure materials or multi-scale characterization and modeling efforts can use this book as a comprehensive reference, to learn about the currently ongoing research efforts in this field or as an inspiration for new research ideas to enhance the long-term performance of infrastructure materials from a fundamental perspective. The Symposium was held under the auspices of the RILEM Technical Committee on Nanotechnology-Based Bituminous Materials 231-NBM and the Transport Research Board (TRB) Technical Committee on Characteristics of Asphalt Materials AFK20.

Corona in Voids in Dielectric Materials

Corona in Voids in Dielectric Materials Book
Author : Ragnar Thorarensen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1949
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Corona in Voids in Dielectric Materials book written by Ragnar Thorarensen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.