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Voids In Materials

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Voids in Materials

Voids in Materials Book
Author : Gary M. Gladysz,Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-09-09
ISBN : 0444563741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Voids in Materials treats voids of different shapes and forms in various materials, and examines their effects on material properties. The book covers the origins of voids in materials, how they are sometimes introduced in the form of hollow spheres, and the resultant properties of materials containing voids. There are many books that focus on foams (which intentionally incorporate voids into materials) and that cover voids incidental to or unwanted in the fabrication of non-porous materials. In fact, all materials have voids. This book starts from the premise that voids are pervasive in all material on some level. It goes beyond foams to provide a comprehensive overview of voids, a central reference for scientists and engineers to use for the effect of voids in materials. Includes 3D renderings of void geometries Explains how and why voids are introduced into materials across the length scales; from nanometer-scale voids up to macro-scale voids Provides a continuous picture of how material properties change as the volume fraction of voids increases, and the implications for product design

Voids in Materials

Voids in Materials Book
Author : Gary M. Gladysz,Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-30
ISBN : 0128192836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All materials have voids in them, at some scale. Sometimes the voids are ignored, sometimes they are taken into account, and other times they are the focal point of the research. Voids in Materials: From Unavoidable Defects to Designed Cellular Materials takes due notice of all these occurrences, whether designed or unavoidable defects. We define, categorize, and characterize the voids (or empty spaces in materials) and we analyze the effects they have on material properties. This second edition is an updated and expanded central reference for voids in materials and covers all types of voids, intrinsic and intentional, and stochastic and nonstochastic, and the processes and conditions that are needed to create them and is a valuable resource to students in the areas of mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, physics, and chemistry, as well as scientists, researchers, and engineers in industry. the effect of voids in materials; from low volume fraction defects and free volume in polymer networks to high void volume fraction foams and aerogels how and why voids are introduced into materials across the length scales biomaterial design used in vivo for soft, hard, and nerve tissue scaffolds metallic and geopolymeric foams additive manufacturing technologies used to tailor regularity (R) in the cell structure stochastic, nonstochastic, and Voronoi foams the latest techniques for characterizing voids new chapters, covering the Kirkendall effect to create hollow and porous structures, and nanometer scale voids: nanotubes, zeolites, organic frameworks, and nanoporous noble metals

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering ICME for Metals

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering  ICME  for Metals Book
Author : Mark F. Horstemeyer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-23
ISBN : 1119018390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focuses entirely on demystifying the field and subject of ICME and provides step-by-step guidance on its industrial application via case studies This highly-anticipated follow-up to Mark F. Horstemeyer’s pedagogical book on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) concepts includes engineering practice case studies related to the analysis, design, and use of structural metal alloys. A welcome supplement to the first book—which includes the theory and methods required for teaching the subject in the classroom—Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) For Metals: Concepts and Case Studies focuses on engineering applications that have occurred in industries demonstrating the ICME methodologies, and aims to catalyze industrial diffusion of ICME technologies throughout the world. The recent confluence of smaller desktop computers with enhanced computing power coupled with the emergence of physically-based material models has created the clear trend for modeling and simulation in product design, which helped create a need to integrate more knowledge into materials processing and product performance. Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) For Metals: Case Studies educates those seeking that knowledge with chapters covering: Body Centered Cubic Materials; Designing An Interatomic Potential For Fe-C Alloys; Phase-Field Crystal Modeling; Simulating Dislocation Plasticity in BCC Metals by Integrating Fundamental Concepts with Macroscale Models; Steel Powder Metal Modeling; Hexagonal Close Packed Materials; Multiscale Modeling of Pure Nickel; Predicting Constitutive Equations for Materials Design; and more. Presents case studies that connect modeling and simulation for different materials' processing methods for metal alloys Demonstrates several practical engineering problems to encourage industry to employ ICME ideas Introduces a new simulation-based design paradigm Provides web access to microstructure-sensitive models and experimental database Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) For Metals: Case Studies is a must-have book for researchers and industry professionals aiming to comprehend and employ ICME in the design and development of new materials.

Continuum Scale Simulation of Engineering Materials

Continuum Scale Simulation of Engineering Materials Book
Author : Dierk Raabe,Franz Roters,Frédéric Barlat,Long-Qing Chen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-08-06
ISBN : 9783527307609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book fills a gap by presenting our current knowledge and understanding of continuum-based concepts behind computational methods used for microstructure and process simulation of engineering materials above the atomic scale. The volume provides an excellent overview on the different methods, comparing the different methods in terms of their respective particular weaknesses and advantages. This trains readers to identify appropriate approaches to the new challenges that emerge every day in this exciting domain. Divided into three main parts, the first is a basic overview covering fundamental key methods in the field of continuum scale materials simulation. The second one then goes on to look at applications of these methods to the prediction of microstructures, dealing with explicit simulation examples, while the third part discusses example applications in the field of process simulation. By presenting a spectrum of different computational approaches to materials, the book aims to initiate the development of corresponding virtual laboratories in the industry in which these methods are exploited. As such, it addresses graduates and undergraduates, lecturers, materials scientists and engineers, physicists, biologists, chemists, mathematicians, and mechanical engineers.

Detection of Underground Voids in Ohio by Use of Geophysical Methods

Detection of Underground Voids in Ohio by Use of Geophysical Methods Book
Author : Jens Munk,Rodney A. Sheets
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Results of ground-penetrating radar surveys at three highway sites indicate that subsurface penetration varies widely with geologic material type and amount of cultural interference. Two highway sites were chosen over abandoned underground coal mines in eastern Ohio. A third site in western Ohio was chosen in an area known to be underlain by naturally occurring voids in limestone.

State of the art Techniques for Backfilling Abandoned Mine Voids

State of the art Techniques for Backfilling Abandoned Mine Voids Book
Author : Jeffrey S. Walker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download State of the art Techniques for Backfilling Abandoned Mine Voids book written by Jeffrey S. Walker, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mechanical Behavior of Materials

Mechanical Behavior of Materials Book
Author : Thomas H. Courtney
Publisher : Waveland Press
Release : 2005-12-16
ISBN : 1478608382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This outstanding text offers a comprehensive treatment of the principles of the mechanical behavior of materials. Appropriate for senior and graduate courses, it is distinguished by its focus on the relationship between macroscopic properties, material microstructure, and fundamental concepts of bonding and crystal structure. The current, second edition retains the original editions extensive coverage of nonmetallics while increasing coverage of ceramics, composites, and polymers that have emerged as structural materials in their own right and are now competitive with metals in many applications. It contains new case studies, includes solved example problems, and incorporates real-life examples. Because of the books extraordinary breadth and depth, adequate coverage of all of the material requires two full semesters of a typical three-credit course. Since most curricula do not have the luxury of allocating this amount of time to mechanical behavior of materials, the text has been designed so that material can be culled or deleted with ease. Instructors can select topics they wish to emphasize and are able to proceed at any level they consider appropriate.

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting American Society for Testing Materials

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting   American Society for Testing Materials Book
Author : American Society for Testing Materials
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1906
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the Annual Meeting American Society for Testing Materials book written by American Society for Testing Materials, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting

Proceedings of the     Annual Meeting Book
Author : Indiana Engineering Society
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1902
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the Annual Meeting book written by Indiana Engineering Society, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Blind Pneumatic Stowing in Voids in Abandoned Mines

Blind Pneumatic Stowing in Voids in Abandoned Mines Book
Author : Paul F. Sands,Christine M. K. Boldt,T. M. Ruff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Blind Pneumatic Stowing in Voids in Abandoned Mines book written by Paul F. Sands,Christine M. K. Boldt,T. M. Ruff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Micromechanics of granular materials

Micromechanics of granular materials Book
Author : Masao Satake,James T. Jenkins
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Micromechanics of granular materials book written by Masao Satake,James T. Jenkins, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Strain hardening and Interaction Effects on the Growth of Voids in Ductile Fracture

Strain hardening and Interaction Effects on the Growth of Voids in Ductile Fracture Book
Author : Dennis Michael Tracey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growth and coalescence of voids is a common mechanism of fracture in ductile materials. Analytical work on the problem to date has dealt mainly with isolated voids in perfectly plastic materials, so that strain hardening and interactions between neighboring voids have been neglected. These features of void growth are examined here, but only for a simple geometrical configuration. In particular, the growth of single infinitely long cylindrical voids in bodies of rigid-plastic, strain-hardening material is considered. Bodies with both finite and infinite dimensions normal to the void surface are included in the analysis. The exact relation among the pertinent variables: transverse stress, axial strain, hardening coefficient, void strain and void growth rate is presented. Solution via a bounding technique is given for two general cases. The first case is that of an imposed constant void growth rate and the second case is an imposed constant transverse stress. The results show a decelerating effect of hardening on void growth. Application to the ductile fracture problem of void growth in the neck of a tensile specimen demonstrates the accelerating effect of void growth due to interactions between voids. (Author).

Topics in Fracture and Fatigue

Topics in Fracture and Fatigue Book
Author : A.S. Argon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461229340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fracture in structural materials remains a vital consideration in engineering systems, affecting the reliability of machines throughout their lives. Impressive advances in both the theoretical understanding of fracture mechanisms and practical developments that offer possibilities of control have re-shaped the subject over the past four decades. The contributors to this volume, including some of the most prominent researchers in the field, give their long-range perspectives of the research on the fracture of solids and its achievements. The subjects covered in this volume include: statistics of brittle fracture, transition of fracture from brittle to ductile, mechanics and mechanisms of ductile separation of heterogenous solids, the crack tip environment in ductile fracture, and mechanisms and mechanics of fatigue. Materials considered range from the usual structural solids to composites. The chapters include both theoretical points of view and discussions of key experiments. Contributors include: from MIT, A.S. Argon, D.M. Parks; from Cambridge, M.F. Ashby; from U.C. Santa Barbara, A.G. Evans, R. McMeeking; from Glasgow, J. Hancock; from Harvard, J.W. Hutchinson, J.R. Rice; from Sheffield, K.J. Miller; from Brown, A. Needleman; from the Ecole des Mines, A. Pineau; from U.C. Berkeley, R. O. Ritchie; and from Copenhagen, V. Tvergaard.

Advanced Materials and Processes ADME 2011

Advanced Materials and Processes  ADME 2011 Book
Author : Zhong Ning Guo
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2011-08-16
ISBN : 3038136336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The peer-reviewed papers comprising this book treat the topics of: composites, micro-/nano-materials, metal-alloy materials, steel and iron, polymer materials, optical/electronic/magnetic materials, new energy materials, environmentally-friendly materials, biomaterials, thin films, structural materials, new functional materials, earthquake-resistant structures and materials, smart/intelligent materials/intelligent systems, hydrogen and fuel-cell science, engineering and technology and other related topics. The work offers near-encyclopedic guide to these fields.

Advanced Materials

Advanced Materials Book
Author : Ivan A. Parinov,Shun-Hsyung Chang,Vijay K. Gupta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-12
ISBN : 3319789198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents selected peer-reviewed contributions from the 2017 International Conference on “Physics and Mechanics of New Materials and Their Applications”, PHENMA 2017 (Jabalpur, India, 14–16 October, 2017), which is devoted to processing techniques, physics, mechanics, and applications of advanced materials. The book focuses on a wide spectrum of nanostructures, ferroelectric crystals, materials and composites as well as promising materials with special properties. It presents nanotechnology approaches, modern environmentally friendly piezoelectric and ferromagnetic techniques and physical and mechanical studies of the structural and physical–mechanical properties of materials. Various original mathematical and numerical methods are applied to the solution of different technological, mechanical and physical problems that are interesting from theoretical, modeling and experimental points of view. Further, the book highlights novel devices with high accuracy, longevity and extended capabilities to operate under wide temperature and pressure ranges and aggressive media, which show improved characteristics, thanks to the developed materials and composites, opening new possibilities for different physico-mechanical processes and phenomena.

Materials Engineering and Environmental Science

Materials Engineering and Environmental Science Book
Author : Qingzhou Xu
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2016
ISBN : 9814759988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Materials Engineering and Environmental Science book written by Qingzhou Xu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Municipal Engineering

Municipal Engineering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1902
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Municipal Engineering book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Laser Induced Damage of Optical Materials

Laser Induced Damage of Optical Materials Book
Author : Roger M. Wood
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-08-01
ISBN : 1420034057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The laser power handling capacities of optical systems are determined by the physical properties of their component materials. At low intensity levels these factors are not important, but an understanding of damage mechanisms is fundamental to good design of laser products operating at high power. Laser Induced Damage of Optical Materials presents

Vital Voids

Vital Voids Book
Author : Andrew Finegold
Publisher : University of Texas Press
Release : 2021-05-11
ISBN : 1477323287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Resurrection Plate, a Late Classic Maya dish, is decorated with an arresting scene. The Maize God, assisted by two other deities, emerges reborn from a turtle shell. At the center of the plate, in the middle of the god’s body and aligned with the point of emergence, there is a curious sight: a small, neatly drilled hole. Art historian Andrew Finegold explores the meanings attributed to this and other holes in Mesoamerican material culture, arguing that such spaces were broadly understood as conduits of vital forces and material abundance, prerequisites for the emergence of life. Beginning with, and repeatedly returning to, the Resurrection Plate, this study explores the generative potential attributed to a wide variety of cavities and holes in Mesoamerica, ranging from the perforated dishes placed in Classic Maya burials, to caves and architectural voids, to the piercing of human flesh. Holes are also discussed in relation to fire, based on the common means through which both were produced: drilling. Ultimately, by attending to what is not there, Vital Voids offers a fascinating approach to Mesoamerican cosmology and material culture.

A tretise on COncrete Plain And Reinforced

A tretise on COncrete Plain And Reinforced Book
Author : Frederick W. Taylor M.E., Sc.D Samford E. Thompson, S.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1916
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A tretise on COncrete Plain And Reinforced book written by Frederick W. Taylor M.E., Sc.D Samford E. Thompson, S., available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.