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Viscoelasticity And Collective Cell Migration

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Viscoelasticity and Collective Cell Migration

Viscoelasticity and Collective Cell Migration Book
Author : Ivana Pajic-Lijakovic,Elias Barriga
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-15
ISBN : 0128203102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Viscoelasticity and Collective Cell Migration: An Interdisciplinary Perspective Across Levels of Organization focuses on the main viscoelastic parameters formulated based on multiscale constitutive modeling and how to measure these rheological parameters based on existent micro-devices such as micro-rheology and micro-elastography. The book sheds light on inter-relationships across viscoelasticity scales, an essential step for understanding various biomedical processes such as morphogenesis, wound healing and cancers invasion. Cumulative effects of structural changes at subcellular and cellular levels influence viscoelasticity at a supracellular level are also covered, providing valuable insights for biologists, physicists, engineers, students and researchers in the field of developmental biology. As this is a complex multidisciplinary field, perspectives are included from experts in biology, biochemistry, biomedicine, biophysics and biorheology. Readers will gain a deeper understanding of the complex dynamics that represent challenges and the necessity for further development in the field. Discusses the biological/biochemical mechanisms of collective cell migration Covers the inter-relation between collective cell migration and viscoelasticity by proposing rheological parameters Contains critical consideration of various experimental techniques that are suitable to measure these parameters

Viscoelasticity and Collective Cell Migration

Viscoelasticity and Collective Cell Migration Book
Author : Ivana Pajic-Lijakovic,Elias Barriga
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-13
ISBN : 0128203110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Viscoelasticity and Collective Cell Migration: An Interdisciplinary Perspective Across Levels of Organization focuses on the main viscoelastic parameters formulated based on multiscale constitutive modeling and how to measure these rheological parameters based on existent micro-devices such as micro-rheology and micro-elastography. The book sheds light on inter-relationships across viscoelasticity scales, an essential step for understanding various biomedical processes such as morphogenesis, wound healing and cancers invasion. Cumulative effects of structural changes at subcellular and cellular levels influence viscoelasticity at a supracellular level are also covered, providing valuable insights for biologists, physicists, engineers, students and researchers in the field of developmental biology. As this is a complex multidisciplinary field, perspectives are included from experts in biology, biochemistry, biomedicine, biophysics and biorheology. Readers will gain a deeper understanding of the complex dynamics that represent challenges and the necessity for further development in the field. Discusses the biological/biochemical mechanisms of collective cell migration Covers the inter-relation between collective cell migration and viscoelasticity by proposing rheological parameters Contains critical consideration of various experimental techniques that are suitable to measure these parameters

Cell Movement

Cell Movement Book
Author : Magdalena Stolarska,Nicoleta Tarfulea
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 3319968424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a collection of original research articles and review articles that describe novel mathematical modeling techniques and the application of those techniques to models of cell motility in a variety of contexts. The aim is to highlight some of the recent mathematical work geared at understanding the coordination of intracellular processes involved in the movement of cells. This collection will benefit researchers interested in cell motility as well graduate students taking a topics course in this area.

Cellular Mechanics and Biophysics

Cellular Mechanics and Biophysics Book
Author : Claudia Tanja Mierke
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-30
ISBN : 3030585328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the mechanical properties of cells, discussing the basic concepts and processes in the fields of immunology, biology, and biochemistry. It introduces and explains state-of-the-art biophysical methods and examines the role of mechanical properties in the cell/protein interaction with the connective tissue microenvironment. The book presents a unique perspective on cellular mechanics and biophysics by combining the mechanical, biological, physical, biochemical, medical, and immunological views, highlighting the importance of the mechanical properties of cells and biophysical measurement methods. The book guides readers through the complex and growing field of cellular mechanics and biophysics, connecting and discussing research findings from different fields such as biology, cell biology, immunology, physics, and medicine. Featuring suggestions for further reading throughout and addressing a wide selection of biophysical topics, this book is an indispensable guide for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in the fields of cellular mechanics and biophysics.

Computational Modeling in Tissue Engineering

Computational Modeling in Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Liesbet Geris
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-30
ISBN : 3642325637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the major challenges in tissue engineering is the translation of biological knowledge on complex cell and tissue behavior into a predictive and robust engineering process. Mastering this complexity is an essential step towards clinical applications of tissue engineering. This volume discusses computational modeling tools that allow studying the biological complexity in a more quantitative way. More specifically, computational tools can help in: (i) quantifying and optimizing the tissue engineering product, e.g. by adapting scaffold design to optimize micro-environmental signals or by adapting selection criteria to improve homogeneity of the selected cell population; (ii) quantifying and optimizing the tissue engineering process, e.g. by adapting bioreactor design to improve quality and quantity of the final product; and (iii) assessing the influence of the in vivo environment on the behavior of the tissue engineering product, e.g. by investigating vascular ingrowth. The book presents examples of each of the above mentioned areas of computational modeling. The underlying tissue engineering applications will vary from blood vessels over trachea to cartilage and bone. For the chapters describing examples of the first two areas, the main focus is on (the optimization of) mechanical signals, mass transport and fluid flow encountered by the cells in scaffolds and bioreactors as well as on the optimization of the cell population itself. In the chapters describing modeling contributions in the third area, the focus will shift towards the biology, the complex interactions between biology and the micro-environmental signals and the ways in which modeling might be able to assist in investigating and mastering this complexity. The chapters cover issues related to (multiscale/multiphysics) model building, training and validation, but also discuss recent advances in scientific computing techniques that are needed to implement these models as well as new tools that can be used to experimentally validate the computational results.

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science Book
Author : William R Wagner,Shelly E. Sakiyama-Elbert,Guigen Zhang,Michael J. Yaszemski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-23
ISBN : 0128161388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The revised edition of the renowned and bestselling title is the most comprehensive single text on all aspects of biomaterials science from principles to applications. Biomaterials Science, fourth edition, provides a balanced, insightful approach to both the learning of the science and technology of biomaterials and acts as the key reference for practitioners who are involved in the applications of materials in medicine. This new edition incorporates key updates to reflect the latest relevant research in the field, particularly in the applications section, which includes the latest in topics such as nanotechnology, robotic implantation, and biomaterials utilized in cancer research detection and therapy. Other additions include regenerative engineering, 3D printing, personalized medicine and organs on a chip. Translation from the lab to commercial products is emphasized with new content dedicated to medical device development, global issues related to translation, and issues of quality assurance and reimbursement. In response to customer feedback, the new edition also features consolidation of redundant material to ensure clarity and focus. Biomaterials Science, 4th edition is an important update to the best-selling text, vital to the biomaterials’ community. The most comprehensive coverage of principles and applications of all classes of biomaterials Edited and contributed by the best-known figures in the biomaterials field today; fully endorsed and supported by the Society for Biomaterials Fully revised and updated to address issues of translation, nanotechnology, additive manufacturing, organs on chip, precision medicine and much more. Online chapter exercises available for each chapter

Quantification of Biophysical Parameters in Medical Imaging

Quantification of Biophysical Parameters in Medical Imaging Book
Author : Ingolf Sack,Tobias Schaeffter
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-21
ISBN : 3319659243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a selection of essential knowledge on the image-based quantification of biophysical parameters for the purpose of clinical diagnosis. The authors regard clinical imaging scanners as physical measurement systems capable of quantifying intrinsic parameters for depiction of the constitution and biophysical properties of in vivo tissue. On the one hand, this approach supports the development of new methods of imaging highly reproducible, system-independent, and quantitative biomarkers, and these methods receive detailed attention in the book. On the other hand, the reader will also gain a deeper understanding of how physical tissue properties interact with the generation of signals in medical imaging, opening new windows on the intricate and fascinating relationship between the structure and function of living tissues. The book will be of interest to all who recognize the limitations of basing clinical diagnosis primarily on visual inspection of images and who wish to learn more about the diagnostic potential of quantitative and biophysics-based medical imaging markers and the challenges that the paucity of such markers poses for next-generation imaging technologies.

Measuring Cell Mechanics

Measuring Cell Mechanics Book
Author : Margaret Gardel,Patrick Oakes
Publisher : Biota Publishing
Release : 2015-09-01
ISBN : 1615046992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cells are inherently physical entities that both experience mechanical forces from their external environment and generate their own internal forces to drive cell motion. Our particular aim here is to present the reader with an introduction to the primary tools used to measure these mechanical interactions and the material properties of cells that result from them. These approaches can be applied to a diverse array of physiological processes and systems, providing important insight into the regulatory roles of mechanical interactions in cells. We cover techniques at both the molecular and cellular scales, including those that actively and passively probe the system. Along the way we cover the fundamental principles of each approach, while emphasizing the relevant length and timescales, along with the typical magnitudes of the measurements that can be made. Each section ends by highlighting uses of the various techniques in recent relevant publications, illustrating the exciting future of cell mechanics in quantitative cell biology research.

Mechanobiology Emerging Tools and Methods

Mechanobiology  Emerging Tools and Methods Book
Author : Sara Baratchi,Khashayar Khoshmanesh,Charles David Cox,Guillermo Alberto Gomez
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-08-19
ISBN : 2889637557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mechanobiology Emerging Tools and Methods book written by Sara Baratchi,Khashayar Khoshmanesh,Charles David Cox,Guillermo Alberto Gomez, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mechanics of Biological Systems

Mechanics of Biological Systems Book
Author : Seungman Park,Yun Chen
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2019-11-06
ISBN : 1643273922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an introduction to the mechanical properties, the force generating capacity, and the sensitivity to mechanical cues of the biological system. To understand how these qualities govern many essential biological processes, we also discuss how to measure them. However, before delving into the details and the techniques, we will first learn the operational definitions in mechanics, such as force, stress, elasticity, viscosity and so on. This book will explore the mechanics at three different length scales – molecular, cellular, and tissue levels – sequentially, and discuss the measurement techniques to quantify the intrinsic mechanical properties, force generating capacity, mechanoresponsive processes in the biological systems, and rupture forces.

Cell Migrations Causes and Functions

Cell Migrations  Causes and Functions Book
Author : Caterina A. M. La Porta,Stefano Zapperi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-14
ISBN : 3030175936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cell migration plays an important role during development and in many physiological and pathological processes, from wound healing to cancer. This edited volume presents a collection of contributions meant to illustrate the state of the art on this topic from an interdisciplinary perspective. Readers will find a detailed discussion of the properties of individual and collective cell migration, including the associated biochemical regulation and important biophysical and biomechanical aspects. The book includes information on the latest experimental techniques employed to study cell migration, from microfluidics to traction force microscopy, as well as the latest theoretical and computational models used to interpret the experimental data. Finally, the role of cell migration in cancer and in development is also reviewed. The contents of this work should appeal to students and researchers in biology and biophysics who want to get up to date on the latest interdisciplinary development in this broad field of research. The chapters are written in a self-contained form and can also be used as individual articles.

Systems Biology of Tumor Microenvironment

Systems Biology of Tumor Microenvironment Book
Author : Katarzyna A. Rejniak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-13
ISBN : 3319420232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume discusses the complexity of tumor microenvironments during cancer development, progression and treatment. Each chapter presents a different mathematical model designed to investigate the interactions between tumor cells and the surrounding stroma and stromal cells. The topics covered in this book include the quantitative image analysis of a tumor microenvironment, the microenvironmental barriers in oxygen and drug delivery to tumors, the development of tumor microenvironmental niches and sanctuaries, intravenous transport of the circulating tumor cells, the role of the tumor microenvironment in chemotherapeutic interventions, the interactions between tumor cells, the extracellular matrix, the interstitial fluid, and the immune and stromal cells. Mathematical models discussed here embrace both continuous and agent-based approaches, as well as mathematical frameworks of solid mechanics, fluid dynamics and optimal control theory. The topics in each chapter will be of interest to a biological community wishing to apply the mathematical methods to interpret their experimental data, and to a biomathematical audience interested in exploring how mathematical models can be used to address complex questions in cancer biology.

Vasculogenesis and Angiogenesis

Vasculogenesis and Angiogenesis Book
Author : Dan Simionescu,Agneta Simionescu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-11-07
ISBN : 9533078820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vasculogenesis is the process of new blood vessel formation during embryonic development of the cardiovascular system. This is followed by formation of a vascular tree and finally the cardiovascular system with the myriad of blood vessels that nourish all tissues and organs. Angiogenesis, on the other hand is the process by which new blood vessels take shape from existing blood vessels by "sprouting" of endothelial cells thus expanding the vascular tree. Both scenarios are based on activation, migration, proliferation and maturation of unique precursor cells. The study of blood vessel formation is an essential component of embryonic development, congenital malformations, degenerative diseases, inflammation and cancer and thus has widespread appeal to the biomedical field. Moreover, scientists are now harnessing this information for the purpose of building living blood vessel substitutes for replacement of diseased arteries and veins. This book highlights novel advances in the field of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, including embryogenesis and development, regulation of progenitor cells, cancer and blood vessel regeneration. We consider this book a good initial source of information for graduate students, medical students and scientists interested in the intricacies of blood vessel formation, maturation, disease and replacement.

Cell and Matrix Mechanics

Cell and Matrix Mechanics Book
Author : Roland Kaunas,Assaf Zemel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-10-23
ISBN : 1466553812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores a Range of Multiscale Biomechanics/Mechanobiology Concepts Cell and Matrix Mechanics presents cutting-edge research at the molecular, cellular, and tissue levels in the field of cell mechanics. This book involves key experts in the field, and covers crucial areas of cell and tissue mechanics, with an emphasis on the roles of mechanical forces in cell–matrix interactions. Providing material in each chapter that builds on the previous chapters, it effectively integrates length scales and contains, for each length scale, key experimental observations and corresponding quantitative theoretical models. Summarizes the Three Hierarchical Levels of Cell Mechanics The book contains 14 chapters and is organized into three sections. The first section focuses on the molecular level, the second section details mechanics at the cellular level, and the third section explores cellular mechanics at the tissue level. The authors offer a thorough description of the roles of mechanical forces in cell and tissue biology, and include specific examples. They incorporate descriptions of associated theoretical models, and provide the data and modeling framework needed for a multi-scale analysis. In addition, they highlight the pioneering studies in cell–matrix mechanics by Albert K. Harris. The topics covered include: The passive and active mechanical properties of cytoskeletal polymers and associated motor proteins along with the behavior of polymer networks The mechanical properties of the cell membrane, with an emphasis on membrane protein activation caused by membrane forces The hierarchical organization of collagen fibrils, revealing that a delicate balance exists between specific and nonspecific interactions to result in a structure with semicrystalline order as well as loose associations The roles of matrix mechanical properties on cell adhesion and function along with different mechanical mechanisms of cell–cell interactions The effects of mechanical loading on cell cytoskeletal remodeling, summarizing various modeling approaches that explain possible mechanisms regulating the alignment of actin stress fibers in response to stretching The mechanical testing of cell-populated collagen matrices, along with theory relating the passive and active mechanical properties of the engineered tissues Cell migration behavior in 3-D matrices and in collective cell motility The role of mechanics in cartilage development The roles of both cellular and external forces on tissue morphogenesis The roles of mechanical forces on tumor growth and cancer metastasis Cell and Matrix Mechanics succinctly and systematically explains the roles of mechanical forces in cell–matrix biology. Practitioners and researchers in engineering and physics, as well as graduate students in biomedical engineering and mechanical engineering related to mechanobiology, can benefit from this work.

Mechanotransduction

Mechanotransduction Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-07-29
ISBN : 0123983274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science provides a forum for discussion of new discoveries, approaches, and ideas in molecular biology. It contains contributions from leaders in their fields and abundant references. Volume 126 features in-depth reviews that focus on the tools required to investigate mechanotransduction. Additional chapters focus on how we can use these tools to answer fundamental questions about the interaction of physical forces with cell biology, morphogenesis, and function of mature structures. Chapters in the volume are authored by a unique combination of cell biologists and engineers, providing a range of perspectives on mechanotransduction. Provides a unique combination of perspectives from biologists and engineers Engaging to people of many training backgrounds

Cell Adhesion and Migration in the Development of Multicellular Organisms

Cell Adhesion and Migration in the Development of Multicellular Organisms Book
Author : Takaaki Matsui,Mitsugu Fujita,Akihiko Ito
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-01-24
ISBN : 2889456943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During development, cells are generated at specific locations within the embryo and then migrate into their destinations. At their destinations, they assemble together through cell adhesions, eventually leading to the formation of tissues and organs. In some cases, orchestration of cell adhesion and migration produces the global movement of cell groups, called collective cell migration, which is also required for the development of basic tissue structures such as spheres, clusters, and vesicles in the morphogenetic processes of development. Therefore, individual regulation and orchestration of cell adhesion and migration are quite important for appropriate tissue/organ formation during development. However, how cell adhesion and migration are regulated, and orchestrated during development? How cell adhesion and migration affects tissue formation during development? To answer these questions, we assembled several review and research articles in this eBook. By assembling these articles, we could explore the presence of core regulatory mechanisms and deepen the current understanding of cell adhesion and migration during the development of multicellular organisms.

The Science Etiology and Mechanobiology of Diabetes and its Complications

The Science  Etiology and Mechanobiology of Diabetes and its Complications Book
Author : Amit Gefen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-05-03
ISBN : 0128210710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Science, Etiology and Mechanobiology of Diabetes and Its Complications presents the most comprehensive synthesis of contemporary global research on diabetes, covering a novel and unique mechanobiological perspective – addressing prevention, management and treatment of tissue, organ and body system damage associated with diabetes and its complications. The book provides a unique approach to communicating diabetes-associated symptoms and opens avenues for development of novel therapeutic and preventive methods. It offers descriptive pathophysiology of diabetes and its complications with great emphasis on mechanobiology. Content coverage also includes management of tissue, organ and body system damage caused by chronic hyperglycemia. Biologists, life scientists, physicians, pharmacists, biomedical engineers, medical physicists, biomathematicians and computer scientists who are interested in the state-of-science and current challenges in the mechanobiology of diabetes should find this book very useful. Likewise, medical researchers in fields such as endocrinology, cardiovascular medicine, oncology, obesity, the immune system, inflammation and wound care and others who wish to be updated about the latest achievements in this exciting arena of research will find that information here. Covers the state-of-knowledge in diabetes research from a mechanobiological perspective, including cell death and (neural, connective, adipose, vascular, renal etc.) tissue damage cascades and healing processes Describes state-of-the-art technology in prevention, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of tissue, organ and body system damage caused by chronic hyperglycemia and diabetes Explores emerging research directions and future technology trends in the field of diabetes prevention and care, including common complications of diabetes (foot ulcers and amputation, peripheral neuropathy, retinal damage, renal damage, vascular and cardiac damage, connective tissue damage etc.) at the early stage of research and development in academia and industry

Multi scale Extracellular Matrix Mechanics and Mechanobiology

Multi scale Extracellular Matrix Mechanics and Mechanobiology Book
Author : Yanhang Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-12
ISBN : 3030201821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the current state of knowledge in the field of multi-scale ECM mechanics and mechanobiology with a focus on experimental and modelling studies in biomechanical characterization, advanced optical microscopy and imaging, as well as computational modeling. This book also discusses the scale dependency of ECM mechanics, translation of mechanical forces from tissue to cellular level, and advances and challenges in improving our understanding of cellular mechanotransduction in the context of living tissues and organisms.

Mechanobiology of Cell Cell and Cell Matrix Interactions

Mechanobiology of Cell Cell and Cell Matrix Interactions Book
Author : A. Wagoner Johnson,Brendan Harley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-21
ISBN : 9781441980830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanobiology of Cell-Matrix Interactions focuses on characterization and modeling of interactions between cells and their local extracellular environment, exploring how these interactions may mediate cell behavior. Studies of cell-matrix interactions rely on integrating engineering, (molecular and cellular) biology, and imaging disciplines. Recent advances in the field have begun to unravel our understanding of how cells gather information from their surrounding environment, and how they interrogate such information during the cell fate decision making process. Topics include adhesive and integrin-ligand interactions; extracellular influences on cell biology and behavior; cooperative mechanisms of cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions; the mechanobiology of pathological processes; (multi-scale) modeling approaches to describe the complexity or cell-matrix interactions; and quantitative methods required for such experimental and modeling studies.

Organ Development

Organ Development Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-02-21
ISBN : 0128104902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organ Development, Volume 132, the latest release in the Current Topics in Developmental Biology series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapter written by an international board of authors. This volume highlights cogent reviews of the development, maintenance and regeneration/repair of several organ systems, from eye to kidney, to the musculoskeletal system. Many reviews highlight new techniques or technologies that are currently pushing the field. The role of both embryonic and adult stem cells are highlighted and senior authors are all women scientists. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of author Presents the latest release in this series Updated release includes the latest information on organ development