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Viruses

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Viruses

Viruses Book
Author : Susan Payne
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-10-03
ISBN : 0323984762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Viruses: From Understanding to Investigation, Second Edition presents the definitions and unique characteristics of viruses. The book includes major topics such as virus lifecycle, structure, taxonomy, evolution, history, host-virus interactions, and methods to study. In addition, the book assesses the connections between the aforementioned topics and provides an integrated approach and in-depth understanding of how viruses work. The new edition also provides an expanded methods chapter containing new information on deep sequencing for in virus identification, mathematical formulas to calculate titers and a description of quantitiative PCR for enumerating viruses. The vaccine chapter has been updated to include vaccine efficacy, mRNA vaccines and SARS-CoV-2 vaccine development. The viral pathogenesis chapter has been expanded to include mechanisms of virally induced cancers. Viral taxonomy sections have been updated and chapters revised to accommodate new virus family designations. New chapters include nucleocytoplasmic viruses (very large DNA viruses), replication of viroids and COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2. Employs a comparative strategy to emphasize unique structural and molecular characteristics that inform transmission, disease processes, vaccine strategies, and host responses Presents a review of host cell, molecular biology, and the immune system Features topical areas of research, including genomics in virus discovery, the virome, and beneficial interactions between viruses and their hosts Includes text boxes throughout with experimental approaches used by virologists Covers learning objectives in each chapter

Viruses and Human Disease

Viruses and Human Disease Book
Author : Ellen G. Strauss,James H. Strauss
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-03-12
ISBN : 9780080521688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first text to examine the connection between virology and human disease. It is also the first book to integrate basic virology with pathophysiological conditions. By contrast, most virology textbooks focus on the molecular biology involved without adequate reference to physiology. Viruses and Human Disease is four-color throughout and contains clearly labeled figures and tables. Key Features *Provides a concise overview of animal viruses, emphasizing those causing diseases in humans; * Integrates discussion of molecular biology, epidemiology, and the history of human viruses; * Presents treatment of prions, gene therapy, and vaccine development; * Illustrated in color by an expert virologist; * Includes world maps depicting the current distribution of existing and newly emerging viruses

Viruses

Viruses Book
Author : Paula Tennant,Gustavo Fermin,Jerome E. Foster
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-03-12
ISBN : 0128111941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Viruses: Molecular Biology, Host Interactions, and Applications to Biotechnology provides an up-to-date introduction to human, animal and plant viruses within the context of recent advances in high-throughput sequencing that have demonstrated that viruses are vastly greater and more diverse than previously recognized. It covers discoveries such as the Mimivirus and its virophage which have stimulated new discussions on the definition of viruses, their place in the current view, and their inherent and derived ‘interactomics’ as defined by the molecules and the processes by which virus gene products interact with themselves and their host’s cellular gene products. Further, the book includes perspectives on basic aspects of virology, including the structure of viruses, the organization of their genomes, and basic strategies in replication and expression, emphasizing the diversity and versatility of viruses, how they cause disease and how their hosts react to such disease, and exploring developments in the field of host-microbe interactions in recent years. The book is likely to appeal, and be useful, to a wide audience that includes students, academics and researchers studying the molecular biology and applications of viruses Provides key insights into recent technological advances, including high-throughput sequencing Presents viruses not only as formidable foes, but also as entities that can be beneficial to their hosts and humankind that are helping to shape the tree of life Features exposition on the diversity and versatility of viruses, how they cause disease, and an exploration of virus-host interactions

Virus

Virus Book
Author : Marilyn J. Roossinck
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2016-09-20
ISBN : 069116696X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential illustrated guide to the 101 most fascinating viruses This stunningly illustrated book provides a rare window into the amazing, varied, and often beautiful world of viruses. Contrary to popular belief, not all viruses are bad for you. In fact, several are beneficial to their hosts, and many are crucial to the health of our planet. Virus offers an unprecedented look at 101 incredible microbes that infect all branches of life on Earth—from humans and other animals to insects, plants, fungi, and bacteria. Featuring hundreds of breathtaking color images throughout, this guide begins with a lively and informative introduction to virology. Here readers can learn about the history of this unique science, how viruses are named, how their genes work, how they copy and package themselves, how they interact with their hosts, how immune systems counteract viruses, and how viruses travel from host to host. The concise entries that follow highlight important or interesting facts about each virus. Learn about the geographic origins of dengue and why old tires and unused pots help the virus to spread. Read about Ebola, Zika, West Nile, Frog virus 3, the Tulip breaking virus, and many others—how they were discovered, what their hosts are, how they are transmitted, whether or not there is a vaccine, and much more. Each entry is easy to read and includes a graphic of the virus, and nearly every entry features a colorized image of the virus as seen through the microscope. Written by a leading authority, this handsomely illustrated guide reveals the unseen wonders of the microbial world. It will give you an entirely new appreciation for viruses.

A Tale of Two Viruses

A Tale of Two Viruses Book
Author : Neeraja Sankaran
Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Press
Release : 2021-03-30
ISBN : 0822987716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1965, French microbiologist André Lwoff was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on lysogeny—one of the two types of viral life cycles—which resolved a contentious debate among scientists about the nature of viruses. A Tale of Two Viruses is the first study of medical virology to compare the history of two groups of medically important viruses—bacteriophages, which infect bacteria, and sarcoma agents, which cause cancer—and the importance of Lwoff’s discovery to our modern understanding of what a virus is. Although these two groups of viruses may at first glance appear to have little in common, they share uniquely parallel histories. The lysogenic cycle, unlike the lytic, enables viruses to replicate in the host cell without destroying it and to remain dormant in a cell’s genetic material indefinitely, or until induced by UV radiation. But until Lwoff’s discovery of the mechanism of lysogeny, microbiologist Félix d’Herelle and pathologist Peyton Rous, who themselves first discovered and argued for the viral identity of bacteriophages and certain types of cancer, respectively, faced opposition from contemporary researchers who would not accept their findings. By following the research trajectories of the two virus groups, Sankaran takes a novel approach to the history of the development of the field of medical virology, considering both the flux in scientific concepts over time and the broader scientific landscapes or styles that shaped those ideas and practices.

Viruses

Viruses Book
Author : Michael G. Cordingley
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2017-06-19
ISBN : 0674972082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While viruses—the world’s most abundant biological entities—are not technically alive, they invade, replicate, and evolve within living cells. Michael Cordingley goes beyond our familiarity with infections to show how viruses spur evolutionary change in their hosts and shape global ecosystems, from ocean photosynthesis to drug-resistant bacteria.

Bacterial viruses

Bacterial viruses Book
Author : Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet,Wendell Meredith Stanley
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1959
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bacterial viruses book written by Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet,Wendell Meredith Stanley, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Viruses A Very Short Introduction

Viruses  A Very Short Introduction Book
Author : Dorothy H. Crawford
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 0191618462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Viruses are big news. From pandemics such as HIV, swine flu, and SARS, we are constantly being bombarded with information about new lethal infections. In this Very Short Introduction Dorothy Crawford demonstrates how clever these entities really are. From their discovery and the unravelling of their intricate structures, Crawford demonstrates how these tiny parasites are by far the most abundant life forms on the planet. With up to two billion of them in each litre of sea water, viruses play a vital role in controlling the marine environment and are essential to the ocean's delicate ecosystem. Analyzing the threat of emerging virus infections, Crawford recounts stories of renowned killer viruses such as Ebola and rabies as well as the less known bat-borne Nipah and Hendra viruses. Pinpointing wild animals as the source of the most recent pandemics, she discusses the reasons behind the present increase in potentially fatal infections, as well as evidence suggesting that long term viruses can eventually lead to cancer. By examining our lifestyle in the 21st century, Crawford looks to the future to ask whether we can ever live in harmony with viruses, and considers the ways in which we may need to adapt to prevent emerging viruses with devastating consequences. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Bats and Viruses

Bats and Viruses Book
Author : Lin-Fa Wang,Christopher Cowled
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-06-29
ISBN : 1118818725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Approximately 75% of emerging infectious diseases are zoonoses, and the rate of emergence of zoonotic diseases is on the rise. Bats are being increasingly recognised as an important reservoir of zoonotic viruses of different families, including SARS coronavirus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus and Ebola virus. Understanding bats’ role in emerging zoonotic diseases is crucial to this rapidly expanding area of research. Bats and Viruses: A New Frontier of Emerging Infectious Diseases provides an updated overview of research focusing on bat biology and the role bats play as hosts of many major zoonotic viruses. The text covers bat biology, immunology, and genomics. Chapters also delve into the various major bat-borne virus families, including lyssaviruses, paramyxoviruses, coronaviruses, filoviruses and reoviruses, among others. Edited by leaders in the field, Bats and Viruses: A New Frontier of Emerging Infectious Diseases is a timely, invaluable reference for bat researchers studying microbiology, virology and immunology, as well as infectious disease workers and epidemiologists, among others.

Emerging Viruses in Human Populations

Emerging Viruses in Human Populations Book
Author : Edward Tabor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-12-19
ISBN : 9780080467900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Infectious diseases are an ever present threat to humans. In recent years, the threat of these emerging viruses has been greater than ever before in human history, due in large part to global travel by larger numbers of people, and to a lesser extent to disruptions in the interface between developed and undeveloped areas. The emergence of new deadly viruses in human populations during recent decades has confirmed this risk. They remain the third leading cause of deaths in the US and the second world-wide. Emerging Viruses in Human Populations provides a comprehensive review of viruses that are emerging or that threaten to emerge among human populations in the twenty-first century. It discusses the apprehension over emerging viruses that has intensified due to concerns about bioterrorism. * Presents the history of emerging viruses * Includes chapters on SARS, Pandemic Threat of Avian Influenza Viruses, West Nile Virus, Monkeypox Virus, Hantavirus, Nipah Virus and Hendra Virus, Japanese Encephalitis Virus, Dengue and Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses * Discusses surveillance for newly emerging diseases

Slow Viruses

Slow Viruses Book
Author : David H. Adams,Thomas Matthew Bell
Publisher : Addison Wesley Publishing Company
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Slow Viruses book written by David H. Adams,Thomas Matthew Bell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Origin and Evolution of Viruses

Origin and Evolution of Viruses Book
Author : Esteban Domingo,Colin R. Parrish,John J. Holland
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-06-23
ISBN : 9780080564968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New viral diseases are emerging continuously. Viruses adapt to new environments at astounding rates. Genetic variability of viruses jeopardizes vaccine efficacy. For many viruses mutants resistant to antiviral agents or host immune responses arise readily, for example, with HIV and influenza. These variations are all of utmost importance for human and animal health as they have prevented us from controlling these epidemic pathogens. This book focuses on the mechanisms that viruses use to evolve, survive and cause disease in their hosts. Covering human, animal, plant and bacterial viruses, it provides both the basic foundations for the evolutionary dynamics of viruses and specific examples of emerging diseases. * NEW - methods to establish relationships among viruses and the mechanisms that affect virus evolution * UNIQUE - combines theoretical concepts in evolution with detailed analyses of the evolution of important virus groups * SPECIFIC - Bacterial, plant, animal and human viruses are compared regarding their interation with their hosts

A Short Course on Computer Viruses

A Short Course on Computer Viruses Book
Author : Frederick B. Cohen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1994-03-28
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by a pioneer in the field, this updated and expanded revision covers all aspects of computer viruses. New results include: analysis of the epidemiology of computer viruses, new forms of virus evolution that will render most current safeguards useless, strategy and tactics in virus defenses, assessment of synergistic effects in attack and defense. Features new chapters on LANs, international and `good' viruses. Software includes a virus scanner, a password generator and checker, an `integrity' shell to test systems and much more. Packed with historical facts, anecdotes and authentic examples.

Harnessing the Power of Viruses

Harnessing the Power of Viruses Book
Author : Boriana Marintcheva
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 0128105151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Harnessing the Power of Viruses explores the application of scientific knowledge about viruses and their lives to solve practical challenges and further advance molecular sciences, medicine and agriculture. The book contains virus-based tools and approaches in the fields of: i) DNA manipulations in vitro and in vivo; ii) Protein expression and characterization; and iii) Virus- Host interactions as a platform for therapy and biocontrol are discussed. It steers away from traditional views of viruses and technology, focusing instead on viral molecules and molecular processes that enable science to better understand life and offer means for addressing complex biological phenomena that positively influence everyday life. The book is written at an intermediate level and is accessible to novices who are willing to acquire a basic level of understanding of key principles in molecular biology, but is also ideal for advanced readers interested in expanding their biological knowledge to include practical applications of molecular tools derived from viruses. Explores virus-based tools and approaches in DNA manipulation, protein expression and characterization and virus-host interactions Provides a dedicated focus on viral molecules and molecular processes that enable science to better understand life and address complex biological phenomena Includes an overview of modern technologies in biology that were developed using viral components/elements and knowledge about viral processes

Viruses

Viruses Book
Author : Arnold J. Levine
Publisher : Henry Holt and Company
Release : 1991-08-15
ISBN : 1466813881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Viruses encapsulates for the lay reader the enormous scientific and medical contributions that have come from the field of virology. Dr. Arnold Levine presents the story of the scientists behind our current understanding of these infective agents and explains how that knowledge has helped us comprehend life at both the molecular and the human level. Many intriguing facets of viral behavior are explored, as Dr. Levine provides a clear account of their natural history, the mechanisms by which they spread and survive, and the toll they exact on their animal, plant, and bacterial hosts. Dr. Levine celebrates the great successes that have come from viral studies--the development of a wide range of vaccines, the eradication of smallpox, and the insights into the origins of cancer. He also examines the challeges we still face, with a series of interconnected chapters on the specific viruses behind some of our most urgent public health problems, including the viruses that cause AIDS, influenza, herpes, and hepatitis. A concluding chapter on the origin and evolution of viruses touches on some of the most provocative issues in molecular biology today. Viral infections continue to be an immediate health concern of imposing proportions. Viruses is written for the general reader eager to know how we study and confront these diseases and where today's research may lead.

Marburg and Ebola Viruses

Marburg and Ebola Viruses Book
Author : Hans-Dieter Klenk
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1998-10-20
ISBN : 9783540647294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marburg and Ebola virus, the two species within the family Filoviridae, are among the most pathogenic agents causing fulminant hemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates. The chronology of filovirus epidemics and epizootics proves that these viruses are prototypes of emerging/re-emerging pathogens. Since the discovery of Marburg virus in 1967 until the recent Ebola virus outbreaks in Central and West Africa filoviruses have not only raised the interest of scientists, but have also been a matter of high public concern. With the advent of recombinant DNA technology our knowledge on the genome structure and the replication strategies of these agents has significantly increased. This volumes gives an overview on many aspects of filovirus research and summarizes recent advances in the field. The topics addressed include the molecular biology of filoviruses, pathogenesis, epidemiology, immune response, as well as clinical aspects and diagnostic measures.

Viruses in Water

Viruses in Water Book
Author : Gerald Berg
Publisher : Amer Public Health Assn
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Viruses in Water book written by Gerald Berg, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Essential Human Virology

Essential Human Virology Book
Author : Jennifer Louten
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-03-29
ISBN : 0128011718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essential Human Virology is written for the undergraduate level with case studies integrated into each chapter. The structure and classification of viruses will be covered, as well as virus transmission and virus replication strategies based upon type of viral nucleic acid. Several chapters will focus on notable and recognizable viruses and the diseases caused by them, including influenza, HIV, hepatitis viruses, poliovirus, herpesviruses, and emerging and dangerous viruses. Additionally, how viruses cause disease, or pathogenesis, will be highlighted during the discussion of each virus family, and a chapter on the immune response to viruses will be included. Further, research laboratory assays and viral diagnosis assays will be discussed, as will vaccines, anti-viral drugs, gene therapy, and the beneficial uses of viruses. By focusing on general virology principles, current and future technologies, familiar human viruses, and the effects of these viruses on humans, this textbook will provide a solid foundation in virology while keeping the interest of undergraduate students. Focuses on the human diseases and cellular pathology that viruses cause Highlights current and cutting-edge technology and associated issues Presents real case studies and current news highlights in each chapter Features dynamic illustrations, chapter assessment questions, key terms, and summary of concepts, as well as an instructor website with lecture slides, test bank, and recommended activities

The Atlas of Insect and Plant Viruses

The Atlas of Insect and Plant Viruses Book
Author : Karl Maramorosch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycoplasmaviruses and viroids; Insect viruses; Plant viruses; Mycoviruses and viroids; Mycoplasma and spiroplasmaviruses.

Plant Viruses

Plant Viruses Book
Author : Kenneth Manley Smith
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In preparing the fifth edition of Plant Viruses the general plan of the book has been retained since this seems to offer adequate scope for a book of this size. However, each section has been brought up-to-date with any new information which has become available since the publication of the previous edition. Chapter 15 has been added giving a short account of two new fields of virus study, the viruses affecting fungi and algae. Some of the plates have been replaced by more modern illustrations. Reference to the aster yellows group of diseases has been eliminated because these diseases are now known to be caused by infection with Mycoplasma and not with viruses. Grateful acknowledgement is due to Dr Aaron Klug, F.R.S. and his colleagues for permission to use their recent work on the assembly of viruses. Acknowledgement is also due to several friends who have supplied prints of illustration from their pub lished work; credit has been given to authors in the illustration legends. Cambridge K.M.S.