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Vesuvius Campi Flegrei And Campanian Volcanism

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Vesuvius Campi Flegrei and Campanian Volcanism

Vesuvius  Campi Flegrei  and Campanian Volcanism Book
Author : Benedetto De Vivo,Harvey E. Belkin,Giuseppe Rolandi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-11
ISBN : 0128175184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism communicates the state-of-the-art scientific knowledge on past and active volcanism in an area characterized by elevated risk due to high-density population. Eruptions, lahars and poisonous gas clouds have killed many thousands of people over recorded history, but volcanoes have given people some of the most fertile soil known in agriculture. The research presented in this book is useful for policymakers and researchers from these and other countries who are looking for risk assessment and volcanic evolution models they can apply to similar situations around the world. Naples and its surrounding area, in particular, the area situated between Vesuvius and the Campi Flegrei volcanic area has a population in excess of 4 million people. The volcanic areas that have similarly large populations in proximity to dormant, but hazardous volcanoes, i.e., Indonesia and Central America can also benefit from this work. Covers the fundamental science of volcanoes, including new developments in the last decade relating to the use of crystals and melt inclusions to model the nature and evolution of volatiles Includes the latest research on volcanism in Southern Italy that is presented as a case study for active and inactive volcanoes across the globe Presents research that is applicable around the world, for people, scientists and policymakers living on, or near, active volcanoes

Volcanism in the Campania Plain

Volcanism in the Campania Plain Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-08-24
ISBN : 9780080481661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with the study of three important volcanisms in the Campania Plain: Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei and Ignimbrites. The knowledge of the volcanic evolution of Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei has a particular relevance because of the hazards that these volcanoes pose to the about 1.5 million people living in the Neapolitan area. The contributors to the volume bring new data (experiments on volatile solubility, fluid-melt inclusions, tectonic, geophysical, isotope, geochronology), which are helpful in the creation of new models for a better understanding of the behaviour of the volcanic systems. In particular a hydrothermal model is used to explain the ground movements (bradyseism) at Campi Flegrei. To develop such a model, the authors use an analogue for the evolving Campi Flegrei sub-volcanic system, the model of the porphyry mineralized systems. For Campanian Ignimbrite the authors highlight the impact crystal-liquid separation has on melt compositional evolution and particularly focus on trace element and Th isotope evidence for open-system processes in the magma body associated with the Campanian Ignimbrite. The authors, for their interpretations, utilize thermodynamic and quantitative mass balance modelling of major and trace element data and semi-quantitative limits on Th and Sr isotopes to evaluate the role of crytal-melt separation, magma-fluid interaction, and assimilation of wallrock on the geochemical evolution of the Campamian Ignimbrite.

Earthquakes and Sustainable Infrastructure

Earthquakes and Sustainable Infrastructure Book
Author : Giuliano Panza,Vladimir G. Kossobokov,Efraim Laor,Benedetto DeVivo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-21
ISBN : 0128235411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earthquakes and Sustainable Infrastructure: Neodeterministic (NDSHA) Approach Guarantees Prevention Rather Than Cure communicates in one comprehensive volume the state-of-the-art scientific knowledge on earthquakes and related risks. Earthquakes occur in a seemingly random way and, in some cases, it is possible to trace seismicity back to the concept of deterministic chaos. Therefore, seismicity can be explained by a deterministic mechanism that arises as a result of various convection movements in the Earth’s mantle, expressed in the modern movement of lithospheric plates fueled by tidal forces. Consequently, to move from a perspective focused on the response to emergencies to a new perspective based on prevention and sustainability, it is necessary to follow this neodeterministic approach (NDSHA) to guarantee prevention, saving lives and infrastructure. This book describes in a complete and consistent way an effective explanation to complex structures, systems, and components, and prescribes solutions to practical challenges. It reflects the scientific novelty and promises a feasible, workable, theoretical and applicative attitude. Earthquakes and Sustainable Infrastructure serves a “commentary role” for developers and designers of critical infrastructure and unique installations. Commentary-like roles follow standard, where there is no standard. Mega-installations embody/potentiate risks; nonetheless, lack a comprehensive classic standard. Every compound is unique, one of its kind, and differs from others even of similar function. There is no justification to elaborate a common standard for unique entities. On the other hand, these specific installations, for example, NPPs, Naval Ports, Suez Canal, HazMat production sites, and nuclear waste deposits, impose security and safety challenges to people and the environment. The book offers a benchmark for entrepreneurs, designers, constructors, and operators on how to compile diverse relevant information on site-effects and integrate it into the best-educated guess to keep safe and secure, people and environment. The authors are eager to convey the entire information and explanations to our readers, without missing either accurate information or explanations. That is achieved by “miniaturization,” as much is possible, not minimization. So far, the neodeterministic method has been successfully applied in numerous metropolitan areas and regions such as Delhi (India), Beijing (China), Naples (Italy), Algiers (Algeria), Cairo (Egypt), Santiago de Cuba (Cuba), Thessaloniki (Greece), South-East Asia (2004), Tohoku, Japan (2011), Albania (2019), Bangladesh, Iran, Sumatra, Ecuador, and elsewhere. Earthquakes and Sustainable Infrastructure includes case studies from these areas, as well as suggested applications to other seismically active areas around the globe. NDSHA approaches confirm/validate that science is looming to warn. Concurrently, leaders and practitioners have to learn to use rectified science in favor of peoples' safety. State-of-the-art science does have the know-how to reduce casualties and structural damage from potential catastrophes to a bearable incident. The only book to cover earthquake prediction and preparation from a neo-deterministic (NDSHA) approach Includes case studies from metropolitan areas where the neo-deterministic method has been successfully applied Editors and authors include top experts in academia, disaster prevention, and preparedness management

Neapolitan Volcanoes

Neapolitan Volcanoes Book
Author : Stefano Carlino
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-02
ISBN : 3319928775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book serves as a guide to discovering the most interesting volcano sites in Italy. Accompanied by some extraordinary contemporary images of active Neapolitan volcanoes, it explains the main volcanic processes that have been shaping the landscape of the Campania region and influencing human settlements in this area since Greek and Roman times and that have prompted leading international scientists to visit and study this natural volcanology laboratory. While volcanology is the central topic, the book also addresses other aspects related to the area’s volcanism and is divided into three sections: 1) Neapolitan volcanic activity and processes (with a general introduction to volcanology and its development around Naples together with descriptions of the landscape and the main sites worth visiting); 2) Volcanoes and their interactions with local human settlements since the Bronze Age, recent population growth and the transformation of the territory; 3) The risks posed by Neapolitan Volcanoes, their recent activity and the problem of forecasting any future eruption.

Volcanism of Italy

Volcanism of Italy Book
Author : Source Wikipedia
Publisher : University-Press.org
Release : 2013-09
ISBN : 9781230657134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 41. Chapters: Volcanoes of Italy, Mount Vesuvius, Avernus, Mount Etna, Vulcano, Ischia, Orvieto, Ferdinandea, Pantelleria, Stromboli, Procida, Avellino eruption, Salina Island, Ustica, Alban Hills, List of volcanoes in Italy, Lake Avernus, Larderello, Monte Vulture, Montecristo, Vivara, Mount Amiata, Empedocles, Monte Nuovo, Solfatara, Alicudi, Nisida, Marsili, Mount Barbaro, Campanian volcanic arc, Linosa, Strombolicchio, Monti Sabatini, Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia, Agnano. Excerpt: Mount Vesuvius (Italian: , Latin: ) is a stratovolcano on the Bay of Naples, Italy, about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years, although it is not currently erupting. The two other major active volcanoes in Italy, Etna and Stromboli, are located on island of Sicily Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. They were never rebuilt, although surviving townspeople and probably looters did undertake extensive salvage work after the destructions. The towns' locations were eventually forgotten until their accidental rediscovery in the 18th century. The eruption also changed the course of the Sarno River and raised the sea beach, so that Pompeii was now neither on the river nor adjacent to the coast. Vesuvius itself underwent major changes - its slopes were denuded of vegetation and its summit changed considerably due to the force of the eruption. Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is today regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards explosive (Plinian) eruptions. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the...

Field Data Models and Uncertainty in Hazard Assessment of Pyroclastic Density Currents and Lahars Global Perspectives

Field Data  Models and Uncertainty in Hazard Assessment of Pyroclastic Density Currents and Lahars  Global Perspectives Book
Author : Pablo Tierz,Andrea Bevilacqua,Stuart Mead,Elaine Spiller,Laura Sandri
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-08
ISBN : 2889668665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Field Data Models and Uncertainty in Hazard Assessment of Pyroclastic Density Currents and Lahars Global Perspectives book written by Pablo Tierz,Andrea Bevilacqua,Stuart Mead,Elaine Spiller,Laura Sandri, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

STRATI 2013

STRATI 2013 Book
Author : Rogério Rocha,João Pais,José Carlos Kullberg,Stanley Finney
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-04-23
ISBN : 3319043641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 1st International Congress on Stratigraphy (STRATI 2013), hold in Lisbon, 1–7 July 2013, follows the decision to internationalize the conferences previously organized by the French Committee of Stratigraphy (STRATI), the last one of which was held in Paris in 2010. Thus, the congress possesses both the momentum gained from an established conference event and the excitement of being the first International Congress on Stratigraphy. It is held under the auspices of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (IUGS) and it is envisaged that this first congress will lead to others being held in the future. This book includes all papers accepted for oral or poster presentation at the 1st International Congress on Stratigraphy. Papers include a short abstract, main text, figures, tables and references. Each paper has been reviewed by two internationally renowned scientists.

Stratigraphy and Geology of Volcanic Areas

Stratigraphy and Geology of Volcanic Areas Book
Author : Gianluca Groppelli,Lothar Viereck-Goette
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0813724643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Accompanying CD-ROM, entitled Supplementary materials to Stratigraphy and geology of volcanic areas, includes three geologic maps in Adobe Acrobat PDF files.

Urban Habitat Constructions Under Catastrophic Events

Urban Habitat Constructions Under Catastrophic Events Book
Author : Federico M. Mazzolani
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-08-27
ISBN : 0203833635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

COST is an intergovernmental framework for European Cooperation in Science and Technology, allowing the coordination of nationally-funded research on a European level. Part of COST was COST Action C26Urban Habitat Constructions Under Catastrophic Events which started in 2006 and held its final conference in Naples, Italy, on 16-18 September 201

The Illustrated History of Natural Disasters

The Illustrated History of Natural Disasters Book
Author : Jan Kozák,Vladimir Cermák
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-14
ISBN : 9789048133253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book tells the story of the Earth itself, explaining the interplay of its gradual geologi- levolution, presented as a generally slow and safe process, with the sudden manifestations of natural hazards, which involve disasters that affect the environment and lead to huge material damage and human losses. The natural forces at play, whether they are violent explosions ofvolcanic eruptions or almost imperceptible deformations of subsurface rock strata, nally- sulting in devastating earthquakes, all control the existence and destiny of a certain part of the global population. The development of man’s existence down through history has depended upon his understanding of the world in which he lives, and upon his ability to turn to his own best use the materials that were there for the taking. However, he has had not only to furnish himself with food, water, building materials, and energy to protect himself against occasional natural adversities. Protecting himself from them meant comprehending their causes, and the essential core of his understanding was in recording and depicting them. This book is written for anyone interested in the Earth in general, and in natural disasters in particular, presenting a unique collection of historical illustrations of volcanic eruptions and earthquake events and their repercussions. The book represents a golden mean between sci- ti c and popular works.

Neogene Quaternary Continental Margin Volcanism

Neogene Quaternary Continental Margin Volcanism Book
Author : Claus Siebe,José Luis Macías,Gerardo J. Aguirre-Díaz
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 0813724023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neogene Quaternary Continental Margin Volcanism book written by Claus Siebe,José Luis Macías,Gerardo J. Aguirre-Díaz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Geotraveller

The Geotraveller Book
Author : Roger N. Scoon
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-25
ISBN : 3030546934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes famous geosites and historical localities in national parks and conservation areas from North America, East Africa, and Europe. The geosites include iconic landforms associated with active volcanoes, canyons, glaciated landscapes, natural rock monoliths, and rifts. The potential for geotourism in historical localities such as the famous Greco-Roman antiquities of Greece, Italy, and Turkey, is emphasised. Some of the geosites and historical localities provide evidence that previous civilizations coped with active geology and major climatic cycles, whilst others reveal evidence of famous geological events recognized in history and ancient mythology that helped shape our current civilization. The book assists tour guides and visitors (both geologists and non-specialists) interested in geotourism by providing an understanding of geological processes in the national parks and historical locations with the assistance of photographs and simplified geological maps.

Stress Field Control of Eruption Dynamics

Stress Field Control of Eruption Dynamics Book
Author : Roberto Sulpizio,Antonio Costa,Geoffrey Wadge
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-10-10
ISBN : 2889452778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increasing evidence supports the claim that stress changes play a fundamental role in triggering volcanic eruptions. Stress changes may vary in origin to include earthquakes, erosion and landslide processes, deglaciation, or tidal effects. The local stress can also change as response of magma influx from deeper reservoirs and an increase of the magma/gas pressure. The stress transfer may be of great importance in reawakening a dormant system. As an example, significant statistical correlation of large earthquakes and eruptions in time and space was suggested in many works. The interaction may be two-fold; where magma intrusions may change the stress at active faults and trigger earthquakes, while tectonic earthquakes may affect the magmatic system and change the eruption activity. The change in local tectonic stress has been claimed as trigger of large ignimbrite eruptions or for controlling the eruptive style of explosive eruptions. Sometimes volcano systems that are nested or closely located may become active in chorus; neighbouring volcanoes may interact in the sense that one volcano triggers its neighbouring volcano. However, although there is ample evidence of concurrence, the processes of interacting volcanoes and near- to far-field tectonic stress are not well understood. Some studies suggest that volcanic eruptions are triggered if compressive stress acts at the magma system and “squeezes” out magma. Other studies suggest that extensional stress fields facilitate magma rise and thus encourage eruptions, or that fluctuating compression and extension during the passing of seismic waves trigger eruptions. This research topic tries to address some of the important open questions in interaction between stress field and volcanic eruption, though both review papers and new contributions.

Eruptions that Shook the World

Eruptions that Shook the World Book
Author : Clive Oppenheimer
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-05-26
ISBN : 1139496395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What does it take for a volcanic eruption to really shake the world? Did volcanic eruptions extinguish the dinosaurs, or help humans to evolve, only to decimate their populations with a super-eruption 73,000 years ago? Did they contribute to the ebb and flow of ancient empires, the French Revolution and the rise of fascism in Europe in the 19th century? These are some of the claims made for volcanic cataclysm. Volcanologist Clive Oppenheimer explores rich geological, historical, archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records (such as ice cores and tree rings) to tell the stories behind some of the greatest volcanic events of the past quarter of a billion years. He shows how a forensic approach to volcanology reveals the richness and complexity behind cause and effect, and argues that important lessons for future catastrophe risk management can be drawn from understanding events that took place even at the dawn of human origins.

Progresses in Artificial Intelligence and Neural Systems

Progresses in Artificial Intelligence and Neural Systems Book
Author : Anna Esposito,Marcos Faundez-Zanuy,Francesco Carlo Morabito,Eros Pasero
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-09
ISBN : 981155093X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of the current advances in artificial intelligence and neural nets. Artificial intelligence (AI) methods have shown great capabilities in modelling, prediction and recognition tasks supporting human–machine interaction. At the same time, the issue of emotion has gained increasing attention due to its relevance in achieving human-like interaction with machines. The real challenge is taking advantage of the emotional characterization of humans’ interactions to make computers interfacing with them emotionally and socially credible. The book assesses how and to what extent current sophisticated computational intelligence tools might support the multidisciplinary research on the characterization of appropriate system reactions to human emotions and expressions in interactive scenarios. Discussing the latest recent research trends, innovative approaches and future challenges in AI from interdisciplinary perspectives, it is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in academia and industry.

Watching Vesuvius

Watching Vesuvius Book
Author : Sean Cocco
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2012-11-29
ISBN : 0226923738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mount Vesuvius has been famous ever since its eruption in 79 CE, when it destroyed and buried the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. But less well-known is the role it played in the science and culture of early modern Italy, as Sean Cocco reveals in this ambitious and wide-ranging study. Humanists began to make pilgrimages to Vesuvius during the early Renaissance to experience its beauty and study its history, but a new tradition of observation emerged in 1631 with the first great eruption of the modern period. Seeking to understand the volcano’s place in the larger system of nature, Neapolitans flocked to Vesuvius to examine volcanic phenomena and to collect floral and mineral specimens from the mountainside. In Watching Vesuvius, Cocco argues that this investigation and engagement with Vesuvius was paramount to the development of modern volcanology. He then situates the native experience of Vesuvius in a larger intellectual, cultural, and political context and explains how later eighteenth-century representations of Naples—of its climate and character—grew out of this tradition of natural history. Painting a rich and detailed portrait of Vesuvius and those living in its shadow, Cocco returns the historic volcano to its place in a broader European culture of science, travel, and appreciation of the natural world.

The Mechanisms of Recent Vertical Crustal Movements in Campi Flegrei Caldera Southern Italy

The Mechanisms of Recent Vertical Crustal Movements in Campi Flegrei Caldera  Southern Italy Book
Author : John J. Dvorak,Giuseppe Mastrolorenzo
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780813722634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Mechanisms of Recent Vertical Crustal Movements in Campi Flegrei Caldera Southern Italy book written by John J. Dvorak,Giuseppe Mastrolorenzo, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Volcano and Geothermal Tourism

Volcano and Geothermal Tourism Book
Author : Malcolm Cooper,Patricia J. Erfurt-Cooper
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-08-12
ISBN : 1136540903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are over 1300 active volcanoes worldwide and many more dormant or extinct. Some are developed as tourist destinations; others are not, but have great potential. Mount Fuji in Japan attracts over 100 million visitors per year and has immense cultural and spiritual significance, while a number of volcanic areas in national parks, for example Teide in Spain, Yellowstone in the US, Vesuvius in Italy and Tongariro in New Zealand, attract between one to four million tourists each year. In the last decade the designation of nearly 50 geoparks around the world has highlighted their potential for tourism development. This book provides the first global review and assessment of the sustainable use of active and dormant volcanic and geothermal environments for geotourism. The volcano-based tourism sector is further augmented through a closely linked range of geothermal resources and attractions, such as geysers and hot springs, which are discussed in detail throughout individual chapters covering all key volcanic and geothermal regions around the world. It is shown that volcano and geothermal tourism is a subsection of nature-based geotourism and incorporates a variety of other tourism categories such as adventure tourism, extreme tourism, ecotourism, green tourism, educational tourism, and hot spring tourism. This comprehensive book covers the most important issues of this growing tourism sector whilst incorporating relevant global research, making it an essential resource for all in the field. Includes colour plates.

Caldera Volcanism

Caldera Volcanism Book
Author : Joachim Gottsmann,Joan Marti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 0080558976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume aims at providing answers to some puzzling questions concerning the formation and the behavior of collapse calderas by exploring our current understanding of these complex geological processes. Addressed are problems such as: - How do collapse calderas form? - What are the conditions to create fractures and slip along them to initiate caldera collapse and when are these conditions fulfilled? - How do these conditions relate to explosive volcanism? - Most products of large caldera-forming eruptions show evidence for pre-eruptive reheating. Is this a pre-requisite to produce large volume eruptions and large calderas? - What are the time-scales behind caldera processes? - How long does it take magma to reach conditions ripe enough to generate a caldera-forming eruption? - What is the mechanical behavior of magma chamber walls during caldera collapse? Elastic, viscoelastic, or rigid? - Do calderas form by underpressure following a certain level of magma withdrawal from a reservoir, or by magma chamber loading due to deep doming (underplating), or both? - How to interpret unrest signals in active caldera systems? - How can we use information from caldera monitoring to forecast volcanic phenomena? In the form of 14 contributions from various disciplines this book samples the state-of-the-art of caldera studies and identifies still unresolved key issues that need dedicated cross-boundary and multidisciplinary efforts in the years to come. * International contributions from leading experts * Updates and informs on all the latest developments * Highlights hot topic areas and identifies and analyzes unresolved key issues

Water Rock Interaction Two Volume Set

Water Rock Interaction  Two Volume Set Book
Author : Richard B. Wanty,Robert R. Seal II
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-09-02
ISBN : 1482284510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The interaction of the lithosphere and hydrosphere sets the boundary conditions for life, as water and the nutrients extracted from rocks are essential to all known life-forms. Water-rock interaction also affects the fate and transport of pollutants, mediates the long-term cycling of fluids and metals in the earth's crust, impacts the migration and