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Vehicle Collision Dynamics

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Vehicle Collision Dynamics

Vehicle Collision Dynamics Book
Author : Dario Vangi
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-01-31
ISBN : 0128127511
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vehicle Collision Dynamics provides a unified framework and timely collection of up-to-date results on front crash, side crash and car to car crashes. The book is ideal as a reference, with an approach that's simple, clear, and easy to comprehend. As the mathematical and software-based modelling and analysis of vehicle crash scenarios have not been systematically investigated, this is an ideal source for further study. Numerous academic and industry studies have analyzed vehicle safety during physical crash scenarios, thus material responses during crashes serve as one of the most important performance indices for mechanical design problems. In addition to mathematical methodologies, this book provides thorough coverage of computer simulations, software-based modeling, and an analysis of methods capable of providing more flexibility. Unifies existing and emerging concepts concerning vehicle crash dynamics Provides a series of latest results in mathematical-based modeling from front and oblique perspectives Contains almost everything needed to capture the essence of model development and analysis for vehicle crash Includes both numerical and simulation results given in each chapter Presents a comprehensive, up-to-date reference that encourages further study

Vehicle Crash Modeling and Analysis

Vehicle Crash Modeling and Analysis Book
Author : Hamid Reza Karimi,Dario Vangi
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-01-15
ISBN : 9780128127506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vehicle Crash Modeling and Analysis provides a unified framework and timely collection of up-to-date results on front crash, side crash and car to car crashes. The book is ideal as a reference, with an approach that's simple, clear, and easy to comprehend. As the mathematical and software-based modelling and analysis of vehicle crash scenarios have not been systematically investigated, this is an ideal source for further study. Numerous academic and industry studies have analyzed vehicle safety during physical crash scenarios, thus material responses during crashes serve as one of the most important performance indices for mechanical design problems. In addition to mathematical methodologies, this book provides thorough coverage of computer simulations, software-based modeling, and an analysis of methods capable of providing more flexibility. Unifies existing and emerging concepts concerning vehicle crash dynamics Provides a series of latest results in mathematical-based modeling from front and oblique perspectives Contains almost everything needed to capture the essence of model development and analysis for vehicle crash Includes both numerical and simulation results given in each chapter Presents a comprehensive, up-to-date reference that encourages further study

Vehicle Crash Mechanics

Vehicle Crash Mechanics Book
Author : Matthew Huang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-06-19
ISBN : 142004186X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Governed by strict regulations and the intricate balance of complex interactions among variables, the application of mechanics to vehicle crashworthiness is not a simple task. It demands a solid understanding of the fundamentals, careful analysis, and practical knowledge of the tools and techniques of that analysis. Vehicle Crash Mechanics sets forth the basic principles of engineering mechanics and applies them to the issue of crashworthiness. The author studies the three primary elements of crashworthiness: vehicle, occupant, and restraint. He illustrates their dynamic interactions through analytical models, experimental methods, and test data from actual crash tests. Parallel development of the analysis of actual test results and the interpretation of mathematical models related to the test provides insight into the parameters and interactions that influence the results. Detailed case studies present real-world crash tests, accidents, and the effectiveness of air bag and crash sensing systems. Design analysis formulas and two- and three-dimensional charts help in visualizing the complex interactions of the design variables. Vehicle crashworthiness is a complex, multifaceted area of study. Vehicle Crash Mechanics clarifies its complexities. The book builds a solid foundation and presents up-to-date techniques needed to meet the ultimate goal of crashworthiness analysis and experimentation: to satisfy and perhaps exceed the safety requirements mandated by law.

Vehicle Accident Analysis and Reconstruction Methods

Vehicle Accident Analysis and Reconstruction Methods Book
Author : Matthew Brach,James Mason,Raymond M Brach
Publisher : SAE International
Release : 2022-01-07
ISBN : 1468604198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this third edition of Vehicle Accident Analysis & Reconstruction Methods, Raymond M. Brach and R. Matthew Brach have expanded and updated their essential work for professionals in the field of accident reconstruction. Most accidents can be reconstructed effectively using of calculations and investigative and experimental data: the authors present the latest scientific, engineering, and mathematical reconstruction methods, providing a firm scientific foundation for practitioners. Accidents that cannot be reconstructed using the methods in this book are rare. In recent decades, the field of crash reconstruction has been transformed through the use of technology. The advent of event data records (EDRs) on vehicles signaled the era of modern crash reconstruction, which utilizes the same physical evidence that was previously available as well as electronic data that are measured/captured before, during, and after the collision. There is increased demand for more professional and accurate reconstruction as more crash data is available from vehicle sensors. The third edition of this essential work includes a new chapter on the use of EDRs as well as examples using EDR data in accident reconstruction. Early chapters feature foundational material that is necessary for the understanding of vehicle collisions and vehicle motion; later chapters present applications of the methods and include example reconstructions. As a result, Vehicle Accident Analysis & Reconstruction Methods remains the definitive resource in accident reconstruction.

Advances in System Dynamics and Control

Advances in System Dynamics and Control Book
Author : Azar, Ahmad Taher,Vaidyanathan, Sundarapandian
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-02-09
ISBN : 1522540784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complex systems are pervasive in many areas of science. With the increasing requirement for high levels of system performance, complex systems has become an important area of research due to its role in many industries. Advances in System Dynamics and Control provides emerging research on the applications in the field of control and analysis for complex systems, with a special emphasis on how to solve various control design and observer design problems, nonlinear systems, interconnected systems, and singular systems. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics, such as adaptive control, artificial neural network, and synchronization, this book is an important resource for engineers, professionals, and researchers interested in applying new computational and mathematical tools for solving the complicated problems of mathematical modeling, simulation, and control.

Vehicle Accident Analysis and Reconstruction Methods

Vehicle Accident Analysis and Reconstruction Methods Book
Author : Raymond M Brach,Matthew Brach
Publisher : SAE International
Release : 2011-04-12
ISBN : 076805740X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed for the experienced practitioner, this new book aims to help reconstruction specialists with problems they may encounter in everyday analysis. The authors demonstrate how to take the physics behind accidents out of the idealized world and into practical situations. Real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods, clarify important concepts, and provide practical applications to those working in the field. Thoroughly revised, this new edition builds on the original exploration of accident analysis, reconstruction, and vehicle design. Enhanced with new material and improved chapters on key topics, an expanded glossary of automotive terms, and a bibliography at the end of the book providing further reading suggestions make this an essential resource reference for engineers involved in litigation, forensic investigation, automotive safety, and crash reconstruction. Police officers, attorneys, and insurance professionals will also find the book to be a definitive resource in reconstructing accident scenes. New Topics: • Event data recorders (EDRs) • Frictional drag coefficients for sliding tires • Railroad grade-crossing collisions • New practical applications of mathematical methods Enhanced Features: • Expanded glossary of automotive terms • Bibliography with further reading suggestions • Improved chapters on tire forces, rollover accidents, crush energy, pedestrian collisions, vehicle dynamic simulation

Vehicle Dynamics and Control

Vehicle Dynamics and Control Book
Author : Shahram Azadi,Reza Kazemi,Hamidreza Rezaei Nedamani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-01
ISBN : 0323856608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vehicle Dynamics and Control: Advanced Methodologies features the latest information on advanced dynamics and vehicle motion control, including a comprehensive overview of passenger cars and articulated vehicles, fundamentals, and emerging developments. This book provides a unified, balanced treatment of advanced approaches to vehicle dynamics and control. It proceeds to cover advanced vehicle control strategies, such as identification and estimation, adaptive nonlinear control, new robust control techniques, and soft computing. Other topics, such as the integrated control of passenger cars and articulated heavy vehicles, are also discussed with a significant amount of material on engineering methodology, simulation, modeling, and mathematical verification of the systems. This book discusses and solves new challenges in vehicle dynamics and control problems and helps graduate students in the field of automotive engineering as well as researchers and engineers seeking theoretical/practical design procedures in automotive control systems. Provides a vast spectrum of advanced vehicle dynamics and control systems topics and current research trends Provides an extensive discussion in some advanced topics on commercial vehicles, such as dynamics and control of semitrailer carrying liquid, integrated control system design, path planning and tracking control in the autonomous articulated vehicle

Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks

Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks Book
Author : Maksym Spiryagin,Timothy Gordon,Colin Cole,Tim McSweeney
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-19
ISBN : 1351967371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The International Symposium on Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks is the leading international gathering of scientists and engineers from academia and industry in the field of ground vehicle dynamics to present and exchange their latest innovations and breakthroughs. Established in Vienna in 1977, the International Association of Vehicle System Dynamics (IAVSD) has since held its biennial symposia throughout Europe and in the USA, Canada, Japan, South Africa and China. The main objectives of IAVSD are to promote the development of the science of vehicle dynamics and to encourage engineering applications of this field of science, to inform scientists and engineers on the current state-of-the-art in the field of vehicle dynamics and to broaden contacts among persons and organisations of the various countries engaged in scientific research and development in the field of vehicle dynamics and related areas. IAVSD 2017, the 25th Symposium of the International Association of Vehicle System Dynamics was hosted by the Centre for Railway Engineering at Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Australia in August 2017. The symposium focused on the following topics related to road and rail vehicles and trains: dynamics and stability; vibration and comfort; suspension; steering; traction and braking; active safety systems; advanced driver assistance systems; autonomous road and rail vehicles; adhesion and friction; wheel-rail contact; tyre-road interaction; aerodynamics and crosswind; pantograph-catenary dynamics; modelling and simulation; driver-vehicle interaction; field and laboratory testing; vehicle control and mechatronics; performance and optimization; instrumentation and condition monitoring; and environmental considerations. Providing a comprehensive review of the latest innovative developments and practical applications in road and rail vehicle dynamics, the 213 papers now published in these proceedings will contribute greatly to a better understanding of related problems and will serve as a reference for researchers and engineers active in this specialised field.

Motor Vehicle Collision Injuries

Motor Vehicle Collision Injuries Book
Author : Larry S. Nordhoff
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780763733353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A complete revision of the first edition, this book presents the most current concepts of chiropractic diagnostic workup, injury mechanisms, patient management, and prognosis of cervical and soft tissue injuries caused by automobile crashes. It is a comprehensive overview of all relevant issues facing clinicians in private practice. This edition includes five new chapters and includes real world examples that can be used in everyday practice. With an entire section devoted to automobile collision data, crash dynamics, and human tolerance and injury factors, it's extensively referenced from the clinical and automotive crash literature.The second edition contains 5 new chapters that cover:- Emerging concepts in treating chronic whiplash pain has been added to explore some of the newer forms of treating the chronic patient.- Crash speeds and injury risk. This chapter is unique in that it explores various international publications that evaluate the risk. Attempts to dispel myths about crash speeds and gives a forensic overview of the application of these studies.- Have split the original chapter on injury mechanisms into 4 chapters in the second edition. Chapter 15 focuses specifically into the arena of general applications of biomechanics relating to automobile crashes. Chapters 16-18 provide individual chapters on frontal, side, and rear crash biomechanics. These chapters explore the individual complexities of the varying types of crashes.- Human factors that influence injury and recovery has been added as a separate chapter to provide more detailed information to the clinician.In addition, the authors have focused on adding more information about the sensitivity and specificity of various orthopedic and neurological tests, and have further explored the types of conditions that chiropractors treat.To view the list of contributors to this edition, click on the additional information button below.Christopher J. Centeno, MDCo-Editor-The Journal of Whiplash and Related DisordersBoard Certified Physical Medicine and RehabilitationBoard Certified Anesthesia Pain ManagementMedical Director-The Spine Injury FoundationCharles Davis, DC, DAAPM, CCSTMichael D. Freeman, PhD, DC, MPHForensic Trauma EpidemiologistDepartment of Public Health & Preventive MedicineOregon Health & Science University School of MedicineJay A. Kaiser, MDMedical DirectorNational Orthopedic Imaging AssociatesGerald P. Keane, MDPhysiatry Medical Group/SOARVoluntary Clinical Assistant Professor Stanford University School of MedicineDaniel J. Murphy, DCFaculty Life Chiropractic College WestDiplomate American Board of Chiropractic OrthopedistsRichard Nolan, MDDamon C. Sacco, MDMedical DirectorNati

Path Planning and Tracking for Vehicle Collision Avoidance in Lateral and Longitudinal Motion Directions

Path Planning and Tracking for Vehicle Collision Avoidance in Lateral and Longitudinal Motion Directions Book
Author : Jie Ji,Hong Wang,Yue Ren
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-01
ISBN : 303101507X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the control of Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) has attracted strong attention for various automotive applications. One of the important features demanded of CAVs is collision avoidance, whether it is a stationary or a moving obstacle. Due to complex traffic conditions and various vehicle dynamics, the collision avoidance system should ensure that the vehicle can avoid collision with other vehicles or obstacles in longitudinal and lateral directions simultaneously. The longitudinal collision avoidance controller can avoid or mitigate vehicle collision accidents effectively via Forward Collision Warning (FCW), Brake Assist System (BAS), and Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB), which has been commercially applied in many new vehicles launched by automobile enterprises. But in lateral motion direction, it is necessary to determine a flexible collision avoidance path in real time in case of detecting any obstacle. Then, a path-tracking algorithm is designed to assure that the vehicle will follow the predetermined path precisely, while guaranteeing certain comfort and vehicle stability over a wide range of velocities. In recent years, the rapid development of sensor, control, and communication technology has brought both possibilities and challenges to the improvement of vehicle collision avoidance capability, so collision avoidance system still needs to be further studied based on the emerging technologies. In this book, we provide a comprehensive overview of the current collision avoidance strategies for traditional vehicles and CAVs. First, the book introduces some emergency path planning methods that can be applied in global route design and local path generation situations which are the most common scenarios in driving. A comparison is made in the path-planning problem in both timing and performance between the conventional algorithms and emergency methods. In addition, this book introduces and designs an up-to-date path-planning method based on artificial potential field methods for collision avoidance, and verifies the effectiveness of this method in complex road environment. Next, in order to accurately track the predetermined path for collision avoidance, traditional control methods, humanlike control strategies, and intelligent approaches are discussed to solve the path-tracking problem and ensure the vehicle successfully avoids the collisions. In addition, this book designs and applies robust control to solve the path-tracking problem and verify its tracking effect in different scenarios. Finally, this book introduces the basic principles and test methods of AEB system for collision avoidance of a single vehicle. Meanwhile, by taking advantage of data sharing between vehicles based on V2X (vehicle-to-vehicle or vehicle-to-infrastructure) communication, pile-up accidents in longitudinal direction are effectively avoided through cooperative motion control of multiple vehicles.

Traffic Flow Dynamics

Traffic Flow Dynamics Book
Author : Martin Treiber,Arne Kesting
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-11
ISBN : 3642324592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook provides a comprehensive and instructive coverage of vehicular traffic flow dynamics and modeling. It makes this fascinating interdisciplinary topic, which to date was only documented in parts by specialized monographs, accessible to a broad readership. Numerous figures and problems with solutions help the reader to quickly understand and practice the presented concepts. This book is targeted at students of physics and traffic engineering and, more generally, also at students and professionals in computer science, mathematics, and interdisciplinary topics. It also offers material for project work in programming and simulation at college and university level. The main part, after presenting different categories of traffic data, is devoted to a mathematical description of the dynamics of traffic flow, covering macroscopic models which describe traffic in terms of density, as well as microscopic many-particle models in which each particle corresponds to a vehicle and its driver. Focus chapters on traffic instabilities and model calibration/validation present these topics in a novel and systematic way. Finally, the theoretical framework is shown at work in selected applications such as traffic-state and travel-time estimation, intelligent transportation systems, traffic operations management, and a detailed physics-based model for fuel consumption and emissions.

Path Planning and Tracking for Vehicle Collision Avoidance in Lateral and Longitudinal Motion Directions

Path Planning and Tracking for Vehicle Collision Avoidance in Lateral and Longitudinal Motion Directions Book
Author : Jie Ji,Hong Wang,Yue Ren
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2020-10-09
ISBN : 1681739402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the control of Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) has attracted strong attention for various automotive applications. One of the important features demanded of CAVs is collision avoidance, whether it is a stationary or a moving obstacle. Due to complex traffic conditions and various vehicle dynamics, the collision avoidance system should ensure that the vehicle can avoid collision with other vehicles or obstacles in longitudinal and lateral directions simultaneously. The longitudinal collision avoidance controller can avoid or mitigate vehicle collision accidents effectively via Forward Collision Warning (FCW), Brake Assist System (BAS), and Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB), which has been commercially applied in many new vehicles launched by automobile enterprises. But in lateral motion direction, it is necessary to determine a flexible collision avoidance path in real time in case of detecting any obstacle. Then, a path-tracking algorithm is designed to assure that the vehicle will follow the predetermined path precisely, while guaranteeing certain comfort and vehicle stability over a wide range of velocities. In recent years, the rapid development of sensor, control, and communication technology has brought both possibilities and challenges to the improvement of vehicle collision avoidance capability, so collision avoidance system still needs to be further studied based on the emerging technologies. In this book, we provide a comprehensive overview of the current collision avoidance strategies for traditional vehicles and CAVs. First, the book introduces some emergency path planning methods that can be applied in global route design and local path generation situations which are the most common scenarios in driving. A comparison is made in the path-planning problem in both timing and performance between the conventional algorithms and emergency methods. In addition, this book introduces and designs an up-to-date path-planning method based on artificial potential field methods for collision avoidance, and verifies the effectiveness of this method in complex road environment. Next, in order to accurately track the predetermined path for collision avoidance, traditional control methods, humanlike control strategies, and intelligent approaches are discussed to solve the path-tracking problem and ensure the vehicle successfully avoids the collisions. In addition, this book designs and applies robust control to solve the path-tracking problem and verify its tracking effect in different scenarios. Finally, this book introduces the basic principles and test methods of AEB system for collision avoidance of a single vehicle. Meanwhile, by taking advantage of data sharing between vehicles based on V2X (vehicle-to-vehicle or vehicle-to-infrastructure) communication, pile-up accidents in longitudinal direction are effectively avoided through cooperative motion control of multiple vehicles.

Vehicle Dynamics and Control

Vehicle Dynamics and Control Book
Author : Rajesh Rajamani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-21
ISBN : 1461414326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vehicle Dynamics and Control provides a comprehensive coverage of vehicle control systems and the dynamic models used in the development of these control systems. The control system applications covered in the book include cruise control, adaptive cruise control, ABS, automated lane keeping, automated highway systems, yaw stability control, engine control, passive, active and semi-active suspensions, tire-road friction coefficient estimation, rollover prevention, and hybrid electric vehicles. In developing the dynamic model for each application, an effort is made to both keep the model simple enough for control system design but at the same time rich enough to capture the essential features of the dynamics. A special effort has been made to explain the several different tire models commonly used in literature and to interpret them physically. In the second edition of the book, chapters on roll dynamics, rollover prevention and hybrid electric vehicles have been added, and the chapter on electronic stability control has been enhanced. The use of feedback control systems on automobiles is growing rapidly. This book is intended to serve as a useful resource to researchers who work on the development of such control systems, both in the automotive industry and at universities. The book can also serve as a textbook for a graduate level course on Vehicle Dynamics and Control.

Automotive Accident Reconstruction

Automotive Accident Reconstruction Book
Author : Donald E. Struble, Ph.D.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-09-24
ISBN : 1466588373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Automotive Accident Reconstruction: Practices and Principles introduces techniques for gathering information and interpreting evidence, and presents computer-based tools for analyzing crashes. This book provides theory, information and data sources, techniques of investigation, an interpretation of physical evidence, and practical tips for beginners. It also works as an ongoing reference for experienced reconstructionists. The book emphasizes three things: the theoretical foundation, the presentation of data sources, and the computer programs and spread sheets used to apply both theory and collected data in the reconstruction of actual crashes. It discusses the specific requirements of reconstructing rollover crashes, offers background in structural mechanics, and describes how structural mechanics and impact mechanics are applied to automobiles that crash. The text explores the treatment of crush energy when vehicles collide with each other and with fixed objects. It delves into various classes of crashes, and simulation models. The framework of the book starts backward in time, beginning with the analysis of post-crash vehicle motions that occurred without driver control. Applies time-reverse methods, in a detailed and rigorous way, to vehicle run-out trajectories, utilizing the available physical evidence Walks the reader through a collection of digital crash test data from public sources, with detailed instructions on how to process and filter the information Shows the reader how to build spread sheets detailing calculations involving crush energy and vehicle post-crash trajectory characteristics Contains a comprehensive treatment of crush energy This text can also serve as a resource for industry professionals, particularly with regard to the underlying physics.

Motor Vehicle Dynamics Modeling and Simulation

Motor Vehicle Dynamics  Modeling and Simulation Book
Author : Giancarlo Genta
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1997-04-19
ISBN : 9814497991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book starts with an historical overview of road vehicles. The first part deals with the forces exchanged between the vehicle and the road and the vehicle and the air with the aim of supplying the physical facts and the relevant mathematical models about the forces which dominate the dynamics of the vehicle. The second part deals with the dynamic behaviour of the vehicle in normal driving conditions with some extensions towards conditions encountered in high-speed racing driving. Contents:Short Historical Notes on Motor VehiclesForces Acting between Road and WheelRoad Vehicle AerodynamicsLongitudinal DynamicsHandling of a Rigid VehicleMotor Vehicle on Elastic SuspensionsRoad Accidents Readership: Mechanical engineers. keywords:Motor Vehicle Dynamics;Motor Vehicle Handling;Motor Vehicle Comfort;Motor Vehicle Stability;Motor Vehicle Simulation;Motor Vehicle Aerodynamics;Motor Vehicle Suspensions;Tires;Road Accients;Vehicle-Driver Interaction “… the author provides an interesting and comprehensive treatment of a very complicated subject … it would be a good addition to the bookshelf of any engineer with an interest in vehicle dynamics or general automotive technology.” Applied Mechanics Reviews

Vehicle Dynamics

Vehicle Dynamics Book
Author : Reza N. Jazar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 1461485444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook is appropriate for senior undergraduate and first year graduate students in mechanical and automotive engineering. The contents in this book are presented at a theoretical-practical level. It explains vehicle dynamics concepts in detail, concentrating on their practical use. Related theorems and formal proofs are provided, as are real-life applications. Students, researchers and practicing engineers alike will appreciate the user-friendly presentation of a wealth of topics, most notably steering, handling, ride, and related components. This book also: Illustrates all key concepts with examples Includes exercises for each chapter Covers front, rear, and four wheel steering systems, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of different steering schemes Includes an emphasis on design throughout the text, which provides a practical, hands-on approach

Low Speed Automobile Accidents

Low Speed Automobile Accidents Book
Author : Alan J. Watts
Publisher : Lawyers & Judges Publishing
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9781930056428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for the reconstructionist, attorney, automotive engineer, or other interested professional, it examines the science of reconstructing and analyzing a low speed automobile accident. Learn how to analyze accidents that result in little or no vehicle damage, how the final position of a vehicle indicates speed much higher than the driver claims and what are potential injuries and threshold loads for injury to various parts of the body arise from low speed collisions. Dr. Watts explains basic concepts of physics, and then applies them to accident reconstruction. The text will be readily understood by any reader with a basic understanding of accident reconstruction, however, full details and equation derivations are provided for those with either higher technical education or a wish to more fully understand the issues.

Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics Second Edition

Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics  Second Edition Book
Author : Simon Iwnicki,Maksym Spiryagin,Colin Cole,Tim McSweeney
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 0429890621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics, Second Edition, provides expanded, fully updated coverage of railway vehicle dynamics. With chapters by international experts, this work surveys the main areas of rolling stock and locomotive dynamics. Through mathematical analysis and numerous practical examples, it builds a deep understanding of the wheel-rail interface, suspension and suspension component design, simulation and testing of electrical and mechanical systems, and interaction with the surrounding infrastructure, and noise and vibration. Topics added in the Second Edition include magnetic levitation, rail vehicle aerodynamics, and advances in traction and braking for full trains and individual vehicles.

Motor Vehicle Collision Injuries

Motor Vehicle Collision Injuries Book
Author : Larry S. Nordhoff
Publisher : Aspen Pub
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the concepts of chiropractic diagnostic workup, injury mechanisms, patient management, and prognosis of cervical and soft tissue injuries caused by automobile crashes. With an entire section devoted to automobile collision data, crash dynamics, and human tolerance and injury factors, it's extensively referenced from the clinical and automotive crash literature.

The Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and on Tracks

The Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and on Tracks Book
Author : Milan Apetaur
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-29
ISBN : 1000446433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with identification methods for vehicle system dynamics and dynamic interaction of vehicles with tracks and roads. It also deals with injury sequence and injury severity as the consequence of the dynamic response of the vehicle during and after collision.