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Vegetable Oil based Polymers

Vegetable Oil based Polymers Book
Author : Niranjan Karak
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9780857097101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing need to find a sustainable, environmentally friendly replacement for petroleum-based materials is fueling the development of bio-based polymers from renewable resources. Among the most promising of these are vegetable oil-based polymeric materials. The author presents a textbook on conventional vegetable-oil polymers that also discusses an advanced class of dendritic polymers for undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of materials science and engineering, medical science and technology, environmental science and engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology. The book covers the basic concept, preparation, characterization, properties, processing and applications of vegetable-oil based conventional polymers, highly branched hyperbranched polymers, polymer composites and nanocomposites. Chapters discuss the fundamentals of polymers, offer a basic understanding of biodegradable polymers and cover vegetable oils and their derivatives, including polymers and their technologies. At the conclusion of each chapter there are review questions.

Vegetable Oil Based Polymers

Vegetable Oil Based Polymers Book
Author : Niranjan Karak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-10
ISBN : 0857097148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing need to find a sustainable, environmentally-friendly replacement for petroleum-based materials is fuelling the development of bio-based polymers from renewable resources. Amongst the most promising of these are vegetable oil-based polymeric materials. Vegetable oil-based polymers provides a comprehensive review of the research in this important field. After an introduction to classification and polymerization, Vegetable oil-based polymers goes on to review the factors involved in polymer biodegradation. The extraction, purification and application of vegetable oils are then explored, along with vegetable oil-based polyesters and poly(ester amide)s, polyurethanes and epoxies. The book then reviews polyamides, polyolefins and vegetable oil-based hyperbranched polymers. It concludes with an analysis of vegetable oil-based polymer composites and polymer nanocomposites. Vegetable oil-based polymers is an indispensable guide for all those involved in the research and development of biopolymers as well as the wide range of industries looking for more sustainable polymer materials. Provides a comprehensive review of recent research in the area of vegetable oil-based polymeric materials Discusses vegetable oils and their derivatives, biodegradable polymers and the fundamentals of polymers Explores the extraction, purification and application of vegetable oils, along with vegetable oil-based polyesters and poly(ester amide)s, polyurethanes and epoxies

Bio based Polymers from Epoxidized Vegetable Oils Modified by Metathesis

Bio based Polymers from Epoxidized Vegetable Oils Modified by Metathesis Book
Author : Avinaash Antonio Persaud
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bio based Polymers from Epoxidized Vegetable Oils Modified by Metathesis book written by Avinaash Antonio Persaud, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Vegetable Oil based Bio lubricants and Transformer Fluids

Vegetable Oil based Bio lubricants and Transformer Fluids Book
Author : Dhorali Gnanasekaran,Venkata Prasad Chavidi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-08
ISBN : 9811048703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses vegetable oil based biolubricants and their applications in the power distribution industry. Vegetable oil based lubricants offer significant advantages over petroleum-based lubricants, including biodegradability, cost-effectiveness, renewability, and lower environmental effects. This book provides a detailed literature survey of modified vegetable oils. It discusses the physical and chemical properties of vegetable oil, and their effects on its applications in tribology. The book discusses additives and enhancements to make vegetable oils suitable for use as lubricating oils and transformer oils in power plants and power distribution grids. The contents of the book will be useful to researchers and professionals as well as policy makers and standards agencies.

Bio Based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites

Bio Based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites Book
Author : Samy Madbouly,Chaoqun Zhang,Michael R. Kessler
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-08-27
ISBN : 0323371280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bio-based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites provides engineers and materials scientists a useful framework to help take advantage of the latest research conducted in this rapidly advancing field—enabling them to develop and commercialize their own products quickly and more successfully. Plant oil is one of the most attractive options as a substitute for non-renewable resources in polymers and composites, and is producing materials with very promising thermomechanical properties relative to traditional, petroleum-based polymers. In addition to critical processing and characterization information, the book assists engineers in deciding whether or not they should use a plant oil-based polymer over a petroleum-based polymer, discussing sustainability concerns, biodegradability, associated costs, and recommended applications. The book details the advancements in the development of polymeric materials and composites from plant oils, and provides a critical review of current applications in various fields, including packaging, biomedical, and automotive applications. Also includes the latest progress in developing multifunctional biobased polymers—by increasing thermal conductivity or adding antibacterial properties, for example. Essential coverage of processing, characterization, and the latest research into polymeric materials and composites derived from plant oils (thermoplastics, thermosets, nanocomposites, and fiber reinforced composites) Critically reviews the potential applications of plant oil-based polymers, including sensors, structural parts, medical devices, and automotive interiors Includes the latest developments in multifunctional bio-based polymer composites

I Total Synthesis of plus Or Minus Ovalicin and Its Analogues II Bio based Polymers from Vegetable Oil III New Synthetic Methods of Diacetylene Fatty Acids

I  Total Synthesis of  plus Or Minus  Ovalicin and Its Analogues II  Bio based Polymers from Vegetable Oil III  New Synthetic Methods of Diacetylene Fatty Acids Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

I. Ovalicin is a natural product isolated from the culture of fungus Pseudorotium ovalis Stolk, it selectively inhibit type 2 methionine amino-peptidase (MetAP 2), which related to many physiological activities such as angiogenesis. Total synthesis of [plus or minus] ovalicin, its C4(S*), C4(S*)C5(S*) stereo-isomers, and C5 regio-isomer were synthesized via an intramolecular Heck reaction of (Z)-3-(t-butyldimethyl silyloxy)-1-iodo-1,6-heptadiene utilizing a catalytic amount of palladium acetate. Subsequent epoxidation, dihydroxylation, methylation (or stereochemistry inversion before or after methylation) and oxidation led to a variety of ketones, key intermediates for synthesis of ovalicin and its analogues. Introduction of side-chain to ketones by lithium (Z)-6-methylhepta-2,5-dien-2-ide and following functional group transformation led to ovalicin and its analogues. Anti-trypanosomal activities of various ovalicin analogues and synthetic intermediates were evaluated. II. Bio-based polymers from vegetable oils are renewable and environment-friendly materials. Dihydroxylated, trihydroxylate, tetrahydroxylated and hexahydroxylated triglycerides, triamino and triisopropylamino glycerides were synthesized from model triglyceride glyceryl trioleoate. These monomers were cross-linked with 1, 4-phenylene diisocynate to make polyurethanes and polyureas. The physical properties of these polymers were examined by gel content and swelling value measurements, thermodynamic and viscoelastic properties were studied from TGA, DSC and DMA measurements. The structure-property relationship was discussed based on these measurements. III. Diacetylenic fatty acids were widely applied in material science to regulate alignment on surface and stabilize self-assembled nanomaterials. A novel synthetic method of diacetylenic fatty acids from vegetable oils was developed. Its self-assembling properties on alumina surface were measured and discussed.

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 0128131969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Plant and Animal Based Composites

Plant and Animal Based Composites Book
Author : Kaushik Kumar,J. Paulo Davim
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-01-18
ISBN : 3110695375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing demand for environmentally friendly materials and the need for cheaper fibres points the search in the direction of natural products such as bark, leaves, scales or shells. The aim of this book is to provide a forum to review the recent advances in the area of plant and animal-based composites and identify possible trends for further developments.

Environmentally Friendly Polymers and Polymer Composites

Environmentally Friendly Polymers and Polymer Composites Book
Author : Rafael Balart,Nestor Montanes,Franco Dominici,Sergio Torres-Giner
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-03-17
ISBN : 3036500367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuous research advances have been observed in the field of environmentally-friendly polymers and polymer composites due to the dependence of polymers on fossil fuels and the sustainability issues related to plastic wastes. This book compiles the most recent research works in biopolymers, their blends and composites, and the use of natural additives, such as vegetable oils and other renewable and waste-derived liquids, with their marked environmental efficiency devoted to developing novel sustainable materials. Therefore, Environmentally Friendly Polymers and Polymer Composites provides an overview to scientists of the potential of these environmentally friendly materials and helps engineers to apply these new materials for industrial purposes.

Biomass and Green Chemistry

Biomass and Green Chemistry Book
Author : Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-16
ISBN : 331966736X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book investigates the main vegetable biomass types, their chemical characteristics and their potential to replace oil as raw material for the chemical industry, according to the principles of green chemistry. Authors from different scientific and technical backgrounds, from industry and academia, give an overview of the state of the art and ongoing developments. Aspects including bioeconomy, biorefineries, renewable chemistry and sustainability are also considered, given their relevance in this context. Furthermore, the book reviews green chemistry principles and their relation to biomass, while also exploring the main processes for converting biomass into bioproducts. The need to develop renewable feedstock for the chemical industry to replace oil has been identified as a major strategic challenge for the 21st century. In this context, the use of different types of vegetable biomass – starch, lignocellulosic, oleaginous, saccharide and algae – can be seen as a viable alternative to the use of non-renewable, more expensive raw materials. Furthermore, it offers a model for adding economic value to the agro industrial chains such as soybean, sugarcane, corn and forests, among others. This will in turn contribute to the sustainability of a wide range of chemicals, mainly organics and their transformation processes, which are widely used by modern society.

Biodegradable and Biobased Polymers for Environmental and Biomedical Applications

Biodegradable and Biobased Polymers for Environmental and Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Susheel Kalia,Luc Avérous
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-10
ISBN : 1119117348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume incorporates 13 contributions from renowned experts from the relevant research fields that are related biodegradable and biobased polymers and their environmental and biomedical applications. Specifically, the book highlights: Developments in polyhydroxyalkanoates applications in agriculture, biodegradable packaging material and biomedical field like drug delivery systems, implants, tissue engineering and scaffolds The synthesis and elaboration of cellulose microfibrils from sisal fibres for high performance engineering applications in various sectors such as the automotive and aerospace industries, or for building and construction The different classes and chemical modifications of tannins Electro-activity and applications of Jatropha latex and seed The synthesis, properties and applications of poly(lactic acid) The synthesis, processing and properties of poly(butylene succinate), its copolymers, composites and nanocomposites The different routes for preparation polymers from vegetable oil and the effects of reinforcement and nano-reinforcement on the physical properties of such biobased polymers The different types of modified drug delivery systems together with the concept of the drug delivery matrix for controlled release of drugs and for antitumor drugs The use of nanocellulose as sustainable adsorbents for the removal of water pollutants mainly heavy metal ions, organic molecules, dyes, oil and CO2 The main extraction techniques, structure, properties and different chemical modifications of lignins Proteins and nucleic acids based biopolymers The role of tamarind seed polysaccharide-based multiple-unit systems in sustained drug release

Eco friendly Polymer Nanocomposites

Eco friendly Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-22
ISBN : 8132224701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains precisely referenced chapters, emphasizing environment-friendly polymer nanocomposites with basic fundamentals, practicality and alternatives to traditional nanocomposites through detailed reviews of different environmental friendly materials procured from different resources, their synthesis and applications using alternative green approaches. The book aims at explaining basics of eco-friendly polymer nanocomposites from different natural resources and their chemistry along with practical applications which present a future direction in the biomedical, pharmaceutical and automotive industry. The book attempts to present emerging economic and environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites that are free from side effects studied in the traditional nanocomposites. This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, with various backgrounds and expertises. This book will appeal to researchers as well as students from different disciplines. The content includes industrial applications and will fill the gap between the research works in laboratory to practical applications in related industries.

The Chemistry of Bio based Polymers

The Chemistry of Bio based Polymers Book
Author : Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 1119681316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recent explosion of interdisciplinary research has fragmented the knowledge base surrounding renewable polymers. The Chemistry of Bio-based Polymers 2nd edition brings together, in one volume, the research and work of Professor Johannes Fink, focusing on biopolymers that can be synthesized from renewable polymers. After introducing general aspects of the field, the book’s subsequent chapters examine the chemistry of biodegradable polymeric types sorted by their chemical compounds, including the synthesis of low molecular compounds. Various categories of biopolymers are detailed including vinyl-based polymers, acid and lactone polymers, ester and amide polymers, carbohydrate-related polymers and others. Procedures for the preparation of biopolymers and biodegradable nanocomposites are arranged by chemical methods and in vitro biological methods, with discussion of the issue of “plastics from bacteria.” The factors influencing the degradation and biodegradation of polymers used in food packaging, exposed to various environments, are detailed at length. The book covers the medical applications of bio-based polymers, concentrating on controlled drug delivery, temporary prostheses, and scaffolds for tissue engineering. Professor Fink also addresses renewable resources for fabricating biofuels and argues for localized biorefineries, as biomass feedstocks are more efficiently handled locally.

Polymer Gels

Polymer Gels Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Stefan Ioan Voicu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-12
ISBN : 9811060800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the recent advances in the science and engineering of polymer-gel-based materials in different fields. It also discusses the extensive research developments for the next generation of smart materials. It takes an in-depth look at the current perspectives and market opportunities while pointing to new possibilities and applications. The book addresses important topics such as stimuli responsive polymeric nanoparticles for cancer therapy; polymer gel containing metallic materials; chemotherapeutic applications in oncology; conducting polymer-based gels and their applications in biological sensors; imprinted polymeric gels for pharmaceutical and biomedical purposes; applications of biopolymeric gels in the agricultural sector; application of polymer gels and their nanocomposites in electrochemistry; smart polyelectrolyte gels as a platform for biomedical applications; agro-based polymer gels and their application in purification of industrial water wastes; polymer gel composites for bio-applications. It will be of interest to researchers working in both industry and academia.

Rapeseed and Canola Oil

Rapeseed and Canola Oil Book
Author : Frank Gunstone
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-12
ISBN : 140514792X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rapeseed is now the second largest oilseed crop after soybean, and the third largest vegetable oil after soybean oil and palm oil, and it is therefore an important contributor to the annual supply of vegetable oils required to meet an increasing demand. This volume provides comprehensive coverage of rapeseed oil and its close relative, canola oil, from production (agronomic) aspects, through extraction to refining and processing. Chemical composition, physico-chemical properties, food and non-food uses are considered in detail, and a chapter is included on future prospects, including oils available by means of genetic manipulation. This is a book for oils and fats chemists and technologists in the food and oleochemical industries, chemical engineers in the processing industry, nutritionists and seed technologists.

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials Polymeric Composites

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials  Polymeric Composites Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-16
ISBN : 111922442X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 6th volume Handbook is solely focused on Polymeric Composites. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: Keratin as renewable material for developing polymer composites; natural and synthetic matrices; hydrogels in tissue engineering; smart hydrogels: application in bioethanol production; principle renewable biopolymers; application of hydrogel biocomposites for multiple drug delivery; nontoxic holographic materials; bioplasticizer - epoxidized vegetable oils-based poly (lactic acid) blends and nanocomposites; preparation, characterization and adsorption properties of poly (DMAEA) – cross-linked starch gel copolymer in waste water treatments; study of chitosan crosslinking hydrogels for absorption of antifungal drugs using molecular modelling; pharmaceutical delivery systems composed of chitosan; eco-friendly polymers for food packaging; influence of surface modification on the thermal stability and percentage of crystallinity of natural abaca fiber; influence of the use of natural fibers in composite materials assessed on a life cycle perspective; plant polysaccharides-blended ionotropically-gelled alginate multiple-unit systems for sustained drug release; vegetable oil based polymer composites; applications of chitosan derivatives in wastewater treatment; novel lignin-based materials as a products for various applications; biopolymers from renewable resources and thermoplastic starch matrix as polymer units of multi-component polymer systems for advanced applications; chitosan composites: preparation and applications in removing water pollutants and recent advancements in biopolymer composites for addressing environmental issues.

Polymers from Plant Oils

Polymers from Plant Oils Book
Author : Alessandro Gandini,Talita M. Lacerda
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 1119555825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this monograph is to provide a thorough outlook on the topic related to the synthesis and characterization of original macromolecular materials derived from plant oils, an important part of the broader steadily growing discipline of polymers from renewable resources. The interest in vegetable oils as sources of biodiesel and materials has witnessed a remarkable growth of scientific and industrial interest since the beginning of the third millennium responding to the pressing drive to implement sustainability in the energy and materials sectors. The book highlights the most relevant strategies being pursued to elaborate polymers derived from a variety of common oils, by direct activation or through chemical modifications yielding novel monomers. Because glycerol is the main byproduct of biodiesel production, it is treated here as the other logical source of macromolecular synthesis. Each of the different approaches is illustrated by an introductory layout of the underlying chemical mechanisms, followed by examples of notable achievements in terms of the properties and potential applications of the ensuing materials, which span a wide range of structures and performances. In particular, original pathways involving click-chemistry reactions as thiol-ene and Diels-Alder couplings and metathesis polymerizations are discussed and shown to reflect the involvement of a growing number of research programs worldwide. It is important to underline that the book is not a scientific review covering the details of all relevant literature, but instead a reasoned and well-documented presentation of the state-of-the-art aimed at professionals in the field of polymer science, as well as at both undergraduate and graduate students and, more generally at chemists interested in the rational exploitation of renewable resources.

Green Materials from Plant Oils

Green Materials from Plant Oils Book
Author : Zengshe Liu,George Kraus
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2014-11-12
ISBN : 1849739013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Finding alternatives to fossil feedstocks is increasing in importance with the challenges of global warming, increasing oil prices and depleting fossil fuel reserves that we currently face. Today, plant oils are important renewable raw materials for the chemical industry and are heavily used for surfactants, cosmetic products and lubricants. This book covers the green chemistry of products and intermediates synthesised from plant oils. Photo-initiated polymerisation and polymerization of vegetable oils in environmental media are covered as well as click reactions to chemically modify vegetable oils. Useful products from plant oils such as polymers, biomaterials, biofibres and lubricants, as well as their further applications, are described. This book is a valuable resource for researchers in academia and industry, biomass producers and suppliers and manufacturers of end-products.

Processing Technology for Bio Based Polymers

Processing Technology for Bio Based Polymers Book
Author : Khalid Mahmood Zia,Nadia Akram,Shazia Tabasum,Aqdas Noreen,Muhammad Usman Akbar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-25
ISBN : 0323858198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Processing Technology for Bio-Based Polymers: Advanced Strategies and Practical Aspects brings together the latest advances and novel technologies surrounding the synthesis and manufacture of biopolymers, ranging from bio-based polymers to synthetic polymers from bio-derived monomers. Sections examine bio-based polymer chemistry, discuss polymerization process and emerging design technologies, cover manufacturing and processing approaches, explain cutting-edge approaches and innovative applications, and focus on biomedicals and other key application areas. Final chapters provide detailed discussion and an analysis of economic and environmental concerns, practical considerations, challenges, opportunities and future trends. This is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists and advanced students in polymer science, bio-based materials, nanomaterials, plastics engineering, biomaterials, chemistry, biotechnology, and materials science and engineering, as well as R&D professionals, engineers and industrialists interested in the development of biopolymers for advanced products and applications. Focuses on the processing of bio-based polymers, covering both traditional methods and innovative new approaches Offers novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies for biopolymer research, preparation and application Examines other key considerations, including reliability and end product, economic concerns, and environmental and lifecycle aspects

Polymer Applications of Renewable Resource Materials

Polymer Applications of Renewable Resource Materials Book
Author : Charles E. Carraher Jr.,L.H. Sperling
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461335035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For there is hope of a tree, If it be cut down, That it will sprout again And that the tender branch Thereof will not cease. Job XIV (7) Mankind has been blessed with a multitude of resources. In the beginning he utilized almost soley replenishable items such as vegetation and animal protein, for both nourishment and shelter. Gradually, such metals as copper and iron were developed and replaced wood as a material of construction. Cement and glass, although more plentiful than other minerals, also replaced the use of growing sub stances. Coal and oil became the primary sources of heat and power. Closer to the focus of this book, petroleum products began to replace the vegetable oils, tannin, wool, cotton, leather, silk, rubber, etc. in a host of applications. Surely, it was argued, the new materials did the job better and cheaper. What they didn't say is that soon we would run out of oil. In any case, research on growing natural products, now called renewable resources, slowed, and these industries sought only to maintain their status quo. The 20th Century saw an unprecedented emphasis and dependence on nonrenewable resources as energy sources (petroleum, coal, ura nium) and the fabric of technology (drugs, clothing, shelter, tires, computer parts). The predawn of the 21st Century brings a reali zation that a cyclic shift back towards the use of renewable re sources for technological application is in order.