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Cardiovascular Biomechanics

Cardiovascular Biomechanics Book
Author : K. B. Chandran
Publisher :
Release : 1992
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook is based on the author's one-semester course for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in the area of biosolid/biofluid mechanics and biomaterials. Coverge includes an introduction to cardiovascular physiology and chapters on the rheology of blood, mechanics of blood vessels, steady and unsteady flow models, measurements in circulation, prosthetic vascular implants, cardiac imaging, myocardial mechanics, and ventricular assist devices and total artificial hearts. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Human Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

Human Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Book
Author : Tarun Goswami
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-01-05
ISBN : 9533076380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers many aspects of human musculoskeletal biomechanics. As the title represents, aspects of forces, motion, kinetics, kinematics, deformation, stress, and strain are examined for a range of topics such as human muscles, skeleton, and vascular biomechanics independently or in the presence of devices. Topics range from image processing to interpret range of motion and/or diseases, to subject specific temporomandibular joint, spinal units, braces to control scoliosis, hand functions, spine anthropometric analyses along with finite element analyses. Therefore, this book will be valuable to students at introductory level to researchers at MS and PhD level searching for science of specific muscle/vascular to skeletal biomechanics. This book will be an ideal text to keep for graduate students in biomedical engineering since it is available for free, students may want to make use of this opportunity. Those that are interested to participate in the future edition of this book, on the same topic, as a contributor please feel free to contact the author.

Cardiovascular Biomechanics

Cardiovascular Biomechanics Book
Author : Peter R. Hoskins,Patricia V. Lawford,Barry J. Doyle
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-16
ISBN : 3319464078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a balanced presentation of the fundamental principles of cardiovascular biomechanics research, as well as its valuable clinical applications. Pursuing an integrated approach at the interface of the life sciences, physics and engineering, it also includes extensive images to explain the concepts discussed. With a focus on explaining the underlying principles, this book examines the physiology and mechanics of circulation, mechanobiology and the biomechanics of different components of the cardiovascular system, in-vivo techniques, in-vitro techniques, and the medical applications of this research. Written for undergraduate and postgraduate students and including sample problems at the end of each chapter, this interdisciplinary text provides an essential introduction to the topic. It is also an ideal reference text for researchers and clinical practitioners, and will benefit a wide range of students and researchers including engineers, physicists, biologists and clinicians who are interested in the area of cardiovascular biomechanics.

Biomechanics of Soft Tissue in Cardiovascular Systems

Biomechanics of Soft Tissue in Cardiovascular Systems Book
Author : Gerhard A. Holzapfel,Ray W. Ogden
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-04
ISBN : 370912736X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is written by leading experts in the field presenting an up-to-date view of the subject matter in a didactically sound manner. It presents a review of the current knowledge of the behaviour of soft tissues in the cardiovascular system under mechanical loads, and the importance of constitutive laws in understanding the underlying mechanics is highlighted. Cells are also described together with arteries, tendons and ligaments, heart, and other biological tissues of current research interest in biomechanics. This includes experimental, continuum mechanical and computational perspectives, with the emphasis on nonlinear behaviour, and the simulation of mechanical procedures such as balloon angioplasty.

Material Parameter Identification and Inverse Problems in Soft Tissue Biomechanics

Material Parameter Identification and Inverse Problems in Soft Tissue Biomechanics Book
Author : Stéphane Avril,Sam Evans
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-12
ISBN : 3319450719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The articles in this book review hybrid experimental-computational methods applied to soft tissues which have been developed by worldwide specialists in the field. People developing computational models of soft tissues and organs will find solutions for calibrating the material parameters of their models; people performing tests on soft tissues will learn what to extract from the data and how to use these data for their models and people worried about the complexity of the biomechanical behavior of soft tissues will find relevant approaches to address this complexity.

Biomechanics Trends in Modeling and Simulation

Biomechanics  Trends in Modeling and Simulation Book
Author : Gerhard A. Holzapfel,Ray W. Ogden
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-14
ISBN : 3319414755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents a state-of-the-art overview of biomechanical and mechanobiological modeling and simulation of soft biological tissues. Seven well-known scientists working in that particular field discuss topics such as biomolecules, networks and cells as well as failure, multi-scale, agent-based, bio-chemo-mechanical and finite element models appropriate for computational analysis. Applications include arteries, the heart, vascular stents and valve implants as well as adipose, brain, collagenous and engineered tissues. The mechanics of the whole cell and sub-cellular components as well as the extracellular matrix structure and mechanotransduction are described. In particular, the formation and remodeling of stress fibers, cytoskeletal contractility, cell adhesion and the mechanical regulation of fibroblast migration in healing myocardial infarcts are discussed. The essential ingredients of continuum mechanics are provided. Constitutive models of fiber-reinforced materials with an emphasis on arterial walls and the myocardium are discussed and the important influence of residual stresses on material response emphasized. The mechanics and function of the heart, the brain and adipose tissues are discussed as well. Particular attention is focused on microstructural and multi-scale modeling, finite element implementation and simulation of cells and tissues.

Plant Biomechanics

Plant Biomechanics Book
Author : Karl J. Niklas
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 1992-08
ISBN : 9780226586311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this first comprehensive treatment of plant biomechanics, Karl J. Niklas analyzes plant form and provides a far deeper understanding of how form is a response to basic physical laws. He examines the ways in which these laws constrain the organic expression of form, size, and growth in a variety of plant structures, and in plants as whole organisms, and he draws on the fossil record as well as on studies of extant species to present a genuinely evolutionary view of the response of plants to abiotic as well as biotic constraints. Well aware that some readers will need an introduction to basic biomechanics or to basic botany, Niklas provides both, as well as an extensive glossary, and he has included a number of original drawings and photographs to illustrate major structures and concepts. This volume emphasizes not only methods of biomechanical analysis but also the ways in which it allows one to ask, and answer, a host of interesting questions. As Niklas points out in the first chapter, "From the archaic algae to the most derived multicellular terrestrial plants, from the spectral properties of light-harvesting pigments in chloroplasts to the stacking of leaves in the canopies of trees, the behavior of plants is in large part responsive to and intimately connected with the physical environment. In addition, plants tend to be exquisitely preserved in the fossil record, thereby giving us access to the past." Its biomechanical analyses of various types of plant cells, organs, and whole organisms, and its use of the earliest fossil records of plant life as well as sophisticated current studies of extant species, make this volume a unique and highly integrative contribution to studies of plant form, evolution, ecology, and systematics.

Computer Models in Biomechanics

Computer Models in Biomechanics Book
Author : Gerhard Holzapfel,Ellen Kuhl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-17
ISBN : 9400754639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a collection of papers that were presented at the IUTAM Symposium on “Computer Models in Biomechanics: From Nano to Macro” held at Stanford University, California, USA, from August 29 to September 2, 2011. It contains state-of-the-art papers on: - Protein and Cell Mechanics: coarse-grained model for unfolded proteins, collagen-proteoglycan structural interactions in the cornea, simulations of cell behavior on substrates - Muscle Mechanics: modeling approaches for Ca2+–regulated smooth muscle contraction, smooth muscle modeling using continuum thermodynamical frameworks, cross-bridge model describing the mechanoenergetics of actomyosin interaction, multiscale skeletal muscle modeling - Cardiovascular Mechanics: multiscale modeling of arterial adaptations by incorporating molecular mechanisms, cardiovascular tissue damage, dissection properties of aortic aneurysms, intracranial aneurysms, electromechanics of the heart, hemodynamic alterations associated with arterial remodeling following aortic coarctation, patient-specific surgery planning for the Fontan procedure - Multiphasic Models: solutes in hydrated biological tissues, reformulation of mixture theory-based poroelasticity for interstitial tissue growth, tumor therapies of brain tissue, remodeling of microcirculation in liver lobes, reactions, mass transport and mechanics of tumor growth, water transport modeling in the brain, crack modeling of swelling porous media - Morphogenesis, Biological Tissues and Organs: mechanisms of brain morphogenesis, micromechanical modeling of anterior cruciate ligaments, mechanical characterization of the human liver, in vivo validation of predictive models for bone remodeling and mechanobiology, bridging scales in respiratory mechanics

Computational Biomechanics for Medicine

Computational Biomechanics for Medicine Book
Author : Karol Miller,Poul Nielsen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-10
ISBN : 9781441958747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematical modelling and computer simulation have proved tremendously successful in engineering. One of the greatest challenges for mechanists is to extend the success of computational mechanics to fields outside traditional engineering, in particular to biology, biomedical sciences, and medicine. The proposed workshop will provide an opportunity for computational biomechanics specialists to present and exchange opinions on the opportunities of applying their techniques to computer-integrated medicine. For example, continuum mechanics models provide a rational basis for analysing biomedical images by constraining the solution to biologically reasonable motions and processes. Biomechanical modelling can also provide clinically important information about the physical status of the underlying biology, integrating information across molecular, tissue, organ, and organism scales. The main goal of this workshop is to showcase the clinical and scientific utility of computational biomechanics in computer-integrated medicine.

Patient Specific Computational Modeling

Patient Specific Computational Modeling Book
Author : Begoña Calvo Lopez,Estefanía Peña
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-05-20
ISBN : 9400745524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses patient-specific modeling. It integrates computational modeling, experimental procedures, imagine clinical segmentation and mesh generation with the finite element method (FEM) to solve problems in computational biomedicine and bioengineering. Specific areas of interest include cardiovascular problems, ocular and muscular systems and soft tissue modeling. Patient-specific modeling has been the subject of serious research over the last seven years and interest in the area is continually growing and this area is expected to further develop in the near future.

Biomechanics

Biomechanics Book
Author : Y.C. Fung
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-11-21
ISBN : 9780387943848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The theory of blood circulation is the oldest and most advanced branch of biomechanics, with roots extending back to Huangti and Aristotle, and with contributions from Galileo, Santori, Descartes, Borelli, Harvey, Euler, Hales, Poiseuille, Helmholtz, and many others. It represents a major part of humanity's concept of itself. This book presents selected topics of this great body of ideas from a historical perspective, binding important experiments together with mathematical threads. The objectives and scope of this book remain the same as in the first edition: to present a treatment of circulatory biomechanics from the stand points of engineering, physiology, and medical science, and to develop the subject through a sequence of problems and examples. The name is changed from Biodynamics: Circulation to Biomechanics: Circulation to unify the book with its sister volumes, Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues, and Biomechanics: Motion, Flow, Stress, and Growth. The major changes made in the new edition are the following: When the first edition went to press in 1984, the question of residual stress in the heart was raised for the first time, and the lung was the only organ analyzed on the basis of solid morphologic data and constitutive equations. The detailed analysis of blood flow in the lung had been done, but the physiological validation experiments had not yet been completed.

Biomechanical Systems Technology

Biomechanical Systems Technology Book
Author : Cornelius T Leondes
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2007-11-12
ISBN : 9814474967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Because of rapid developments in computer technology and computational techniques, advances in a wide spectrum of technologies, coupled with cross-disciplinary pursuits between technology and its application to human body processes, the field of biomechanics continues to evolve. Many areas of significant progress include dynamics of musculoskeletal systems, mechanics of hard and soft tissues, mechanics of bone remodeling, mechanics of blood and air flow, flow-prosthesis interfaces, mechanics of impact, dynamics of man-machine interaction, and more. Thus, the great breadth and significance of the field in the international scene require a well integrated set of volumes to provide a complete coverage of the exciting subject of biomechanical systems technology. World-renowned contributors tackle the latest technologies in an in-depth and readable manner.

Vascular Diseases Advances in Research and Treatment 2013 Edition

Vascular Diseases   Advances in Research and Treatment  2013 Edition Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-05-01
ISBN : 1490105530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vascular Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Aneurysm. The editors have built Vascular Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Aneurysm in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Vascular Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Biomechanics

Biomechanics Book
Author : Donald R. Peterson,Joseph D. Bronzino
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1439870993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents Current Principles and Applications Biomedical engineering is considered to be the most expansive of all the engineering sciences. Its function involves the direct combination of core engineering sciences as well as knowledge of nonengineering disciplines such as biology and medicine. Drawing on material from the biomechanics section of The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Fourth Edition and utilizing the expert knowledge of respected published scientists in the application and research of biomechanics, Biomechanics: Principles and Practices discusses the latest principles and applications of biomechanics and outlines major research topics in the field. This book contains a total of 20 chapters. The first group of chapters explores musculoskeletal mechanics and includes hard and soft-tissue mechanics, joint mechanics, and applications related to human function. The next group of chapters covers biofluid mechanics and includes a wide range of circulatory dynamics, such as blood vessel and blood cell mechanics and transport. The following group of chapters introduces the mechanical functions and significance of the human ear, including information on inner ear hair cell mechanics. The remaining chapters introduce performance characteristics of the human body system during exercise and exertion. Introduces modern viewpoints and developments Highlights cellular mechanics Presents material in a systematic manner Contains over 100 figures, tables, and equations Biomechanics: Principles and Practices functions as a reference for the practicing professional as well as an introduction for the bioengineering graduate student with a focus in biomechanics, biodynamics, human performance engineering, and human factors.

Biomechanics

Biomechanics Book
Author : Daniel J. Schneck,Joseph D. Bronzino
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-08-29
ISBN : 1420040022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics: Principles and Applications offers a definitive, comprehensive review of this rapidly growing field, including recent advancements made by biomedical engineers to the understanding of fundamental aspects of physiologic function in health, disease, and environmental extremes. The chapters, each by a recognized leader in the field, addr

Biofluid Mechanics

Biofluid Mechanics Book
Author : Krishnan B. Chandran,Stanley E. Rittgers,Ajit P. Yoganathan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-11-15
ISBN : 9780849373282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part medicine, part biology, and part engineering, biomedicine and bioengineering are by their nature hybrid disciplines. To make these disciplines work, engineers need to speak "medicine," and clinicians and scientists need to speak "engineering." Building a bridge between these two worlds, Biofluid Mechanics: The Human Circulation integrates fluid and solid mechanics relationships and cardiovascular physiology. The book focuses on blood rheology, steady and unsteady flow models in the arterial circulation, and fluid mechanics through native heart valves. The authors delineate the relationship between fluid mechanics and the development of arterial diseases in the coronary, carotid, and ileo-femoral arteries. They go on to elucidate methods used to evaluate the design of circulatory implants such as artificial heart valves, stents, and vascular grafts. The book covers design requirements for the development of an ideal artificial valve, including a discussion of the currently available mechanical and bioprosthetic valves. It concludes with a detailed description of common fluid mechanical measurements used for diagnosing arterial and valvular diseases as well as research studies that examine the possible interactions between hemodynamics and arterial disease. Drawing on a wide range of material, the authors cover both theory and practical applications. The book breaks down fluid mechanics into key definitions and specific properties and then uses these pieces to construct a solid foundation for analyzing biofluid mechanics in both normal and diseased conditions.

Rutherford s Vascular Surgery E Book

Rutherford s Vascular Surgery E Book Book
Author : Jack L. Cronenwett,K. Wayne Johnston
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-03-12
ISBN : 0323243061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published in association with the Society for Vascular Surgery, Rutherford’s Vascular Surgery presents state-of-the-art updates on all aspects of vascular health care. Extensively revised by many new authors to meet the needs of surgeons, interventionalists, and vascular medicine specialists, this medical reference book incorporates medical, endovascular and surgical treatment, as well as diagnostic techniques, decision making and fundamental vascular biology. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Master the latest developments, techniques, and approaches with thorough updates on endovascular applications, vascular access, imaging, non-operative management, and much more. View clinical and physical findings and operative techniques more vividly with a full-color layout and images. Get answers you can depend on. Rutherford's delivers the world’s most trusted information on all major areas of vascular health care, is written by international experts, and includes up-to-date bibliographies and annotated recommended references. Discover emerging techniques in rapidly advancing topics, with special emphasis on endovascular coverage, vascular imaging, angiography, CT and MRI. Explore brand new chapters on dialysis catheters, renovascular disease, and management of branches during endovascular aneurysm. Stay up-to-date with the latest coverage of endovascular procedures that reflects the changing practices and techniques in vascular surgery. Access videos at Expert Consult.

Applied Biomedical Engineering Mechanics

Applied Biomedical Engineering Mechanics Book
Author : Dhanjoo Ghista
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-07-18
ISBN : 9781420020212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combining topics from numerous applications in biomechanics, Applied Biomedical Engineering Mechanics demonstrates how to analyze physiological processes from an engineering perspective and apply the results to tertiary medical care. The book extends its discussion to the investigation of diagnostic and surgical procedures. It also presents guidelines for prostheses design and explains how to optimize performance in sports games such as soccer, baseball, and gymnastics. Using a problem-based format, the book explains how to: Formulate diagnostic and interventional procedures, based on the analysis of physiological and organ system-based processes How human anatomical structures and physiological processes are designed for optimal functionality Develop orthopedic surgical approaches, using pre-surgical analysis Assess and promote fitness, and analyze sports games to maximize competency The world-class instruction presented within Applied Biomedical Engineering Mechanics clearly demonstrates how to quantify physiological processes in order to formulate solutions to various medical problems.