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Variable Generation Flexible Demand

Variable Generation  Flexible Demand Book
Author : Fereidoon Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-15
ISBN : 0128241918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Variable Generation, Flexible Demand looks at a future in which power system researchers, operators and analysts need to predict variable renewable generation and schedule demand to match it. Contributors survey the significant expansion in the role of flexible demand in balancing supply and demand in conjunction with flexible generation in ‘peaking plants’ and energy storage as the proportion of variable renewable generation rises in many systems across the world. Supported with case studies, the book examines practical ways that demand flexibility can play a constructive role as more systems move towards higher levels of renewable generation in their electricity mix. Examines practical ways that demand flexibility can play a constructive role in future energy systems Reviews the vital role of market design, business models, enabling technologies, policies and regulation in implementation of flexible demand Includes detailed case studies that address the role of flexible demand across transitioning power markets

Distributed Generation and its Implications for the Utility Industry

Distributed Generation and its Implications for the Utility Industry Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-06-26
ISBN : 0128003804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Generation and its Implications for the Utility Industry examines the current state of the electric supply industry; the upstream and downstream of the meter; the various technological, business, and regulatory strategies; and case studies that look at a number of projects that put new models into practice. A number of powerful trends are beginning to affect the fundamentals of the electric utility business as we know it. Recent developments have led to a fundamental re-thinking of the electric supply industry and its traditional method of measuring consumption on a volumetric basis. These developments include decreasing electricity demand growth; the rising cost of fossil fuels and its impact on electricity costs; investment in energy efficiency; increasing numbers of prosumers who generate for some or all of their own needs; and market reforms. This book examines the implications of these trends in chapters focusing on distributed and decentralized generation, transactive energy, the role of electric vehicles, any much more. Discusses the technological, business, and policy trends most impacting the electric utility sector Provides an assessment of how fast and how soon distributed energy resources may make an impact on utility sales/revenues Explores, through a series of international case studies, the implementation of strategies that may help retain the viability of the utility industry Features contributions from a number of scholars, academics, experts and practitioners from different parts of the world focused on examining the future of the electric supply industry

Behind and Beyond the Meter

Behind and Beyond the Meter Book
Author : Fereidoon Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-01
ISBN : 0128204141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The historical ways in which electricity was generated in large central power plants and delivered to passive customers through a one-way transmission and distribution network – as everyone knows – is radically changing to one where consumers can generate, store and consume a significant portion of their energy needs energy locally. This, however, is only the first step, soon to be followed by the ability to share or trade with others using the distribution network. More exciting opportunities are possible with the increased digitalization of BTM assets, which in turn can be aggregated into large portfolios of flexible load and generation and optimized using artificial intelligence and machine learning. Examines the latest advances in digitalization of behind-the-meter assets including distributed generation, distributes storage and electric vehicles and – more important – how these assets can be aggregated and remotely monitored unleashing tremendous value and a myriad of innovative services and business models Examines what lies behind-the-meter (BTM) of typical customers and why managing these assets increasingly matter Describes how smart aggregators with intelligent software are creating value by optimizing how energy may be generated, consumed, stored o potentially shared o traded and between consumers; prosumers and prosumagers (that is, prosumers with storage) Explores new business models that are likely to disrupt the traditional interface between the incumbents and their customers

Consumer Prosumer Prosumager

Consumer  Prosumer  Prosumager Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-02-19
ISBN : 0128168366
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Consumers, Prosumers, Prosumagers: How Customer Stratification will Disrupt the Utility Business Model examines customer stratification in the electric power sector, arguing that it is poised to become one of the fundamental drivers of the 21st century power network as distributed energy generation, storage, sharing and trading options become available at scale. The book addresses the interface and the relationship between key players and their impacts on incumbent and disruptive service providers. Topics covered include innovations that lead to consumer stratification, regulatory policy, the potential of service, the speed and spread of stratification, and a review of potential business models and strategies. The work also covers the evolution and potential end-states of electricity service provision, from its basis in current pilot programs as distributed generation scales and its potential to supplant industry norms. Explores the impacts and trajectories of increasing distributed power generation and storage adoption Analyzes the growing number of electricity services and their impact on the existing power grid and service providers, including incumbent and disruptor utilities Discusses future market trends and trends in costs, pricing and business models

Smart Grid Integrating Renewable Distributed Efficient Energy

Smart Grid  Integrating Renewable  Distributed   Efficient Energy Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 9780128102954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The creation of a flexible, efficient, digitized, dependable and resilient power grid may well be the best route to increasing energy efficiency & security, as well as boosting the potential of renewable & distributed power sources. This book covers smart grids from A-Z, providing a complete treatment of the topic, covering both policy and technology, explaining the most recent innovations supporting its development, and clarifying how the smart grid can support the integration of renewable energy resources. Among the most important topics included are smart metering, renewable energy storage, plug-in hybrids, flexible demand response, strategies for offsetting intermittency issues, micro-grids for off-grid communities, and specific in-depth coverage of wind and solar power integration. The content draws lessons from an international panel of contributors, whose diverse experiences implementing smart grids will help to provide templates for success. Provides critical information on the technological, design and policy issues that must be taken into account to ensure that the smart grid is implemented successfullyDemonstrates how smart grids can help utilities adhere to increased renewable portfolio standardsProvides examples of successful microgrid/smart metering projects from around the world that can act as templates for developers, operators and investors embarking upon similar projects

Innovation and Disruption at the Grid s Edge

Innovation and Disruption at the Grid   s Edge Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-10
ISBN : 012811763X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovation and Disruption at the Grid’s Edge examines the viable developments in peer-to-peer transactions enabled by open platforms on the grid’s edge. With consumers and prosumers using more electronic platforms to trade surplus electricity from rooftop solar panels, share a storage battery, or use smart gadgets that manage load and self-generation, the grid's edge is becoming crowded. The book examines the growing number of consumers engaging in self-generation and storage, and analyzes the underlying causes and drivers of change, as well as the implications of how the utility sector—particularly the distribution network—should/could be regulated. The book also explores how tariffs are set and revenues are collected to cover both fixed and variable costs in a sustainable way. This reference is useful for anyone interested in the areas of energy generation and regulation, especially stakeholders engaged in the generation, transmission, and distribution of power. Examines the new players that will disrupt the energy grid markets Offers unique coverage of an emerging and unpublished topic Helps the reader understand up-to-date energy regulations and pricing innovations

Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9780123978790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Efficiency: Towards the End of Demand Growth is a detailed guide to new energy efficiency technologies and policy frameworks affecting the profitability of efficiency projects. The contributions drawn together by F.P. Sioshansi feature insights from recognized thought leaders, detailed examinations of evolving technologies, and practical case studies yielding best practices for project planners, implementers and financiers. This volume challenges the "more is better" paradigm in energy production, examining efficiency technologies and measurement across the supply chain. Comparative financial analysis of efficiency vs. increased generation Case studies from four continents highlight the examples of successful technologies and projects Explains how existing and developing regulatory frameworks impact cost and implementation

Electricity Market Reform

Electricity Market Reform Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi,Wolfgang Pfaffenberger
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-04-13
ISBN : 9780080462714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the late 1980s, policy makers and regulators in a number of countries have liberalized, restructured or “deregulated their electric power sector, typically by introducing competition at the generation and retail level. These experiments have resulted in vastly different outcomes - some highly encouraging, others utterly disastrous. However, many countries continue along the same path for a variety of reasons. Electricity Market Reform examines the most important competitive electricity markets around the world and provides definitive answers as to why some markets have performed admirably, while others have utterly failed, often with dire financial and cost consequences. The lessons contained within are direct relevance to regulators, policy makers, the investment community, industry, academics and graduate students of electricity markets worldwide. Covers electicity market liberalization and deregulation on a worldwide scale Features expert contributions from key people within the electricity sector

Energy Sustainability and the Environment

Energy  Sustainability and the Environment Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-06-02
ISBN : 9780123851376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The complexity of carbon reduction and economic sustainability is significantly complicated by competing aspects of socioeconomic practices as well as legislative, regulatory, and scientific requirements and protocols. An easy to read and understand guide, Sioshansi, along with an international group of contributors, moves through the maze of carbon reduction methods and technologies, providing steps and insights to meet carbon reduction requirements and maintaining the health and welfare of the firm. The book’s three part treatment is based on a clear and rigorous exposition of a wide range of options to reduce the carbon footprint Part 1 of the book, Challenge of Sustainability, examines the fundamental drivers of energy demand – economic growth, the need for basic energy services, and the interdependence of economic, political, environmental, social, equity, legacy and policy issues. Part 2 of the book, Technological Solutions, examines how energy can be used to support basic energy service needs of homes, commercial and industrial facilities and for other applications. Part 3 of the book, case studies, covers a number of innovative projects, initiatives, concepts or self-imposed targets in different parts of the world with the aim of significantly reducing energy use and carbon footprint of a company, a community, a city or an entire country. There was a widespread recognition among environmental engineers and energy economist of the importance of carbon reduction while sustaining the firm’s economic growth. The only book to bring together both subjects into one easy to understand reference, Carbon Reduction and Economic Sustainability not only clearly explains which option has the lowest energy/carbon footprint but also which option would better suit the business in question. This includes carbon reduction for residential, transport, industrial and public sectors. The only book to clearly explain the economic and environmental engineering aspects of carbon reduction. Case studies taken from a number of international projects. Carbon reduction options for all sectors of society. The role of the planning system in carbon reduction.

Competitive Electricity Markets

Competitive Electricity Markets Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780080471723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After 2 decades, policymakers and regulators agree that electricity market reform, liberalization and privatization remains partly art. Moreover, the international experience suggests that in nearly all cases, initial market reform leads to unintended consequences or introduces new risks, which must be addressed in subsequent "reform of the reforms." This volume describes the evolution of the market reform process including a number of challenging issues such as infrastructure investment, resource adequacy, capacity and demand participation, market power, distributed generation, renewable energy and global climate change. « Sequel to Electricity Market Reform: An International Perspective in the same series published in 2006 « Contributions from renowned scholars and practitioners on significant electricity market design and implementation issues « Covers timely topics on the evolution of electricity market liberalization worldwide

Distributed Generation and Its Implications for the Utility Industry

Distributed Generation and Its Implications for the Utility Industry Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-06-23
ISBN : 9780128002407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Generation and its Implications for the Utility Industry examines the current state of the electric supply industry; the upstream and downstream of the meter; the various technological, business, and regulatory strategies; and case studies that look at a number of projects that put new models into practice. A number of powerful trends are beginning to affect the fundamentals of the electric utility business as we know it. Recent developments have led to a fundamental re-thinking of the electric supply industry and its traditional method of measuring consumption on a volumetric basis. These developments include decreasing electricity demand growth; the rising cost of fossil fuels and its impact on electricity costs; investment in energy efficiency; increasing numbers of prosumers who generate for some or all of their own needs; and market reforms. This book examines the implications of these trends in chapters focusing on distributed and decentralized generation, transactive energy, the role of electric vehicles, any much more. Discusses the technological, business, and policy trends most impacting the electric utility sector Provides an assessment of how fast and how soon distributed energy resources may make an impact on utility sales/revenues Explores, through a series of international case studies, the implementation of strategies that may help retain the viability of the utility industry Features contributions from a number of scholars, academics, experts and practitioners from different parts of the world focused on examining the future of the electric supply industry

Smart Grid

Smart Grid Book
Author : Fereidoon Perry Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123864526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The creation of a flexible, efficient, digitized, dependable and resilient power grid may well be the best route to increasing energy efficiency & security, as well as boosting the potential of renewable & distributed power sources. However, there is still much confusion about the nature of the Smart Grid: What is it? What work needs to be accomplished in order to make it a reality? How will it benefit the drive to diversify energy resources? This book covers Smart Grids from A-Z, providing a complete treatment of the topic, covering both policy and technology, explaining the most recent innovations supporting its development, and clarifying how the Smart Grid can support the integration of Renewable Energy resources. Among the most important topics included are smart metering, renewable energy storage, plug-in hybrids, flexible demand response, strategies for offsetting intermittency issues, micro-grids for off-grid communities, and specific in-depth coverage of wind and solar power integration. The content draws lessons from an international panel of contributors, whose diverse experiences implementing smart grids will help to provide templates for success. If we intend to undertake a meaningful overhaul of the way the world uses energy resources, we ignore grid management issues at our peril. Ultimately, this important book examines what the integration challenges are, what technology and policy needs to be in place in order to support uptake, and what The Smart Grid can do to enable solutions. Provides critical information on the technological, design and policy issues that must be taken into account to ensure that the smart grid is implemented successfully Demonstrates how smart grids can help utilities adhere to increased renewable portfolio standards Provides examples of successful microgrid/smart metering projects from around the world that can act as templates for developers, operators and investors embarking upon similar projects.

Evolution of Global Electricity Markets

Evolution of Global Electricity Markets Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-06-10
ISBN : 0123979064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Get the latest on rapidly evolving global electricity markets direct from the scholars and thought leaders who are shaping reform. In this volume, dozens of world-class experts from diverse regions provide a comprehensive assessment of the relevant issues in today’s electricity markets. Amid a seething backdrop of rising energy prices, concerns about environmental degradation, and the introduction of distributed sources and smart grids, increasingly stringent demands are being placed on the electric power sector to provide a more reliable, efficient delivery infrastructure, and more rational, cost-reflective prices. This book maps out the electric industry’s new paradigms, challenges and approaches, providing invaluable global perspective on this host of new and pressing issues being investigated by research institutions worldwide. Companies engaged in the power sector’s extensive value chain including utilities, generation, transmission & distribution companies, retailers, suppliers, regulators, market designers, and the investment & financial rating community will benefit from gaining a more nuanced understanding of the impacts of key market design and restructuring choices. How can problems be avoided? Why do some restructured markets appear to function better than others? Which technological implementations represent the best investments? Which regulatory mechanisms will best support these new technologies? What lessons can be learned from experiences in Norway, Australia, Texas, or the U.K.? These questions and many more are undertaken by the brightest minds in the industry in this one comprehensive, cutting-edge resource. Features a unique global perspective from more than 40 recognized experts and scholars around the world, offering opportunities to compare and contrast a wide range of market structures Analyzes how the implementation of existing and developing market designs impacts real-world issues such as pricing and reliability Explains the latest thinking on timely issues such as current market reform proposals, restructuring, liberalization, privatization, capacity and energy markets, distributed and renewable energy integration, competitive generation and retail markets, and disaggregated vs. vertically integrated systems

Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World

Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-10-21
ISBN : 9780080889719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The electric power sector is what keeps modern economies going, and historically, fossil fuels provided the bulk of the energy need to generate electricity, with coal a dominant player in many parts of the world. Now with growing concerns about global climate change, this historical dependence on fossil-fuels, especially those rich in carbon, are being questioned. Examining the implications of the industry's future in a carbon-constrained world, a distinct reality, is the subject of this book. Containing contributions from renowned scholars and academics from around the world, this book explores the various energy production options available to power companies in a carbon-constrained world. The three part treatment starts with a clear and rigorous exposition of the short term options including Clean Coal and Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technology, Coal, and Emission trading. Renewable energy options such as Nuclear Energy, Wind power, Solar power, Hydro-electric, and Geothermal energy are clearly explained along with their trade-offs and uncertainties inherent in evaluating and choosing different energy options and provides a framework for assessing policy solutions. This is followed by self-contained chapters of case-studies from all over the world. Other topics discussed in the book are Creating markets for tradable permits in the emerging carbon era, Global Action on Climate Change, The Impossibility of Staunching World CO2 Emissions and Energy efficiency. Clearly explains short term and long term options Contributions from renowned scholars and academics from around the world Case-studies from all over the world

Future of Utilities Utilities of the Future

Future of Utilities   Utilities of the Future Book
Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-03-24
ISBN : 9780128042496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

" Future of Utilities - Utilities of the Future: How technological innovations in distributed generation will reshape the electric power sector" relates the latest information on the electric power sector its rapid transformation, particularly on the distribution network and customer side. Trends like the rapid rise of self-generation and distributed generation, microgrids, demand response, the dissemination of electric vehicles and zero-net energy buildings that promise to turn many consumers into prosumers are discussed. The book brings together authors from industry and academic backgrounds to present their original, cutting-edge and thought-provoking ideas on the challenges currently faced by electric utilities around the globe, the opportunities they present, and what the future might hold for both traditional players and new entrants to the sector. The book's first part lays out the present scenario, with concepts such as an integrated grid, microgrids, self-generation, customer-centric service, and pricing, while the second part focuses on how innovation, policy, regulation, and pricing models may come together to form a new electrical sector, exploring the reconfiguring of the current institutions, new rates design in light of changes to retail electricity markets and energy efficiency, and the cost and benefits of integration of distributed or intermittent generation, including coupling local renewable energy generation with electric vehicle fleets. The final section projects the future function and role of existing electrical utilities and newcomers to this sector, looking at new pathways for business and pricing models, consumer relations, technology, and innovation. Contains discussions that help readers understand the underlying causes and drivers of change in the electrical sector, and what these changes mean in financial, operational, and regulatory termsProvides thought-provoking ideas on the challenges currently faced by electric utilities around the globe, the opportunities they present, and what the future might hold for both traditional players and new entrants to the sectorHelps readers anticipate what developments are likely to define the function and role of the utility of the future

Operating and Planning Electricity Grids with Variable Renewable Generation

Operating and Planning Electricity Grids with Variable Renewable Generation Book
Author : Marcelino Madrigal,Kevin Porter
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2013-02-27
ISBN : 0821397346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The paper ‘Challenges and Approaches to Electricity Grids Operations and Planning with Increased Amounts of Variable Renewable Generation: Emerging Lessons from Selected Operational Experiences and Desktop Studies’ focuses on analyzing the impacts of variable renewable energy on the operation and planning of the the power system (mostly, generation system). It is aimed at informing stakeholders in power utilities, regulatory bodies and other relevant audiences, on the fundamentals of technical challenges and approaches to operate electricity grids with renewable energy. It covers renewable energy as a whole, but in particular, focusses on wind and solar energy. It also presents three case studies of countries, including China, Gemany and Spain. The total worldwide installed capacity of wind and solar projects is growing rapidly, and several countries are noticing increased penetrations of wind and solar in their electricity generation mix. In addition to operating experience being gained from adding wind and solar capacity, several grid integration studies have been performed that assess potential grid and operating impacts from adding higher amounts of wind and solar capacity. Perhaps just as important, the electric power industry and those that conduct research on grid integration have not found a maximum level of variable generation that can be reliably incorporated, and it is clear that it is as much an economic question (how much cost in additional reserves or grid impacts is acceptable) as a technical question regarding grid operators’ ability to adapt to the new challenges. In addition, while their contributions to capacity or “firm” power and associated costs are different from those of conventional power sources, variable renewable generation technologies can contribute to long-term system adequacy and security. The paper describes on the contribution of variable power sources to long-term supply adequacy requirements, i.e. how much sources like wind and solar power contribute to “firm supply” in a system. It also describes methods to find out to what extent they contribute and at what cost. It also aims at providing indicative answers to how costs to system operations be determined and when and how an integration study be done to estimate the short-term reserve costs of renewable energy. The concepts in the paper should be of interest, especially to grid planers. For grid operators, the paper summarizes a menu of strategies that the operational practices and desktop research tell about managing wind in a system at different levels of penetration. It also elucidates available strategies, amongst other crucial questions of operational impacts and challenges that operators need to be aware of, to integrate variable generation.

Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation

Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation Book
Author : Ottmar Edenhofer,Ramón Pichs-Madruga,Youba Sokona,Kristin Seyboth,Susanne Kadner,Timm Zwickel,Patrick Eickemeier,Gerrit Hansen,Steffen Schlömer,Christoph von Stechow,Patrick Matschoss
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-11-21
ISBN : 1139505599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SRREN) assesses the potential role of renewable energy in the mitigation of climate change. It covers the six most important renewable energy sources – bioenergy, solar, geothermal, hydropower, ocean and wind energy – as well as their integration into present and future energy systems. It considers the environmental and social consequences associated with the deployment of these technologies and presents strategies to overcome technical as well as non-technical obstacles to their application and diffusion. SRREN brings a broad spectrum of technology-specific experts together with scientists studying energy systems as a whole. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, it presents an impartial assessment of the current state of knowledge: it is policy relevant but not policy prescriptive. SRREN is an invaluable assessment of the potential role of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change for policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

A Modern Guide to the Digitalization of Infrastructure

A Modern Guide to the Digitalization of Infrastructure Book
Author : Montero, Juan,Finger, Matthias
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2021-09-23
ISBN : 1839106050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing a coherent and multidisciplinary approach to digitalization, this Modern Guide aims to systematize how the digitalization process affects infrastructure-based industries, including telecommunications, transport, energy, water and postal services.

Operating and Planning Electricity Grids with Variable Renewable Generation

Operating and Planning Electricity Grids with Variable Renewable Generation Book
Author : Marcelino Madrigal,Kevin Porter
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2013-03-01
ISBN : 0821397362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The paper Challenges and Approaches to Electricity Grids Operations and Planning with Increased Amounts of Variable Renewable Generation: Emerging Lessons from Selected Operational Experiences and Desktop Studies focuses on analyzing the impacts of variable renewable energy on the operation and planning

Flexibility in Electric Power Distribution Networks

Flexibility in Electric Power Distribution Networks Book
Author : Hassan Haes Alhelou,Ehsan Heydarian-Forushani,Pierluigi Siano
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-15
ISBN : 1000407624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High penetration of renewable energy sources (RESs) imposes several techno-economic challenges to distribution system operators (DSOs) due to their variability in power generation and, hence, increases the need for additional operational flexibility. Operational flexibility aims at securely covering the possible variations at the minimum cost using emerging flexible alternatives or designing novel local market mechanisms to incentivize flexibility providers. In such a situation, the DSOs can use the potential of flexible options such as energy storages (ESs), demand response (DR), plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), or on-site fast run generators. However, each of the mentioned flexible resources has its own specific characteristics and requirements that should be taken into account, and this raises the complexity. Optimal network reconfiguration schemes are the other solution for increasing power system flexibility at the distribution level. There is a great research gap related to renewable-based distribution network planning from a flexibility point of view. Therefore, this book aims to discuss the additional flexibility needs introduced by RESs and describe general approaches to analyze the need for and provision of additional flexibility in future distribution networks at both the planning and operational time frames. This book successfully suggests new solutions and techniques to increase the flexibility in distribution systems. It also highlights the needs for moving towards smart distribution grids in order to enhance the flexibility in modern and future power systems.