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Utilitarianism

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Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism Book
Author : John Stuart Mill
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1887
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Utilitarianism book written by John Stuart Mill, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism Book
Author : Geoffrey Scarre
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-09-24
ISBN : 1000158829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surveying the historical development and the present condition of utilitarian ethics, Geoffrey Scarre examines the major philosophers from Lao Tzu in the fifth century BC to Richard Hare in the twentieth. Utilitarianism traces the 'doctrine of utility' from the moralists of the ancient world, through the Enlightenment and Victorian utilitarianism up to the lively debate of the present day. Utilitarianism today faces challenges on several fronts: it cannot warrant the drawing of adequate protective boundaries around the essential interests of individuals, and it does not allow them the space to pursue the personal concerns which give meaning to their lives. Geoffrey Scarre considers these and other charges, and concludes that whilst utilitarianism may not be a faultless moral doctrine, its positions are relevant, and significant today. Written with undergraduates in mind, this is an ideal course book for those studying and those teaching moral philosophy.

Understanding Utilitarianism

Understanding Utilitarianism Book
Author : Tim Mulgan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-12-05
ISBN : 1317493397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Utilitarianism - a philosophy based on the principle of the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people - has been hugely influential over the past two centuries. Beyond ethics or morality, utilitarian assumptions and arguments abound in modern economic and political life, especially in public policy. An understanding of utilitarianism is indeed essential to any understanding of contemporary society. "Understanding Utilitarianism" presents utilitarianism very much as a living tradition. The book begins with a summary of the classical utilitarianism of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Subsequent chapters trace the development of the central themes of utilitarian thought over the twentieth century, covering such questions as: What is happiness? Is happiness the only valuable thing? Is utilitarianism about acts or rules or institutions? Is utilitarianism unjust, or implausibly demanding, or impractical? and Where might utilitarianism go in the future?

Utilitarianism a Very Short Introduction

Utilitarianism  a Very Short Introduction Book
Author : Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek,Peter Singer
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-07-27
ISBN : 0198728794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this Very Short Introduction Peter Singer and Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek provide an authoritative account of the nature of utilitarianism, from its nineteenth-century origins, to its justification and its varieties. Considering how utilitarians can respond to objections that are often regarded as devastating, they explore the utilitarian answer to the question of whether torture can ever be justified. They also discuss what it is that utilitarians should seek to maximize, paying special attention to the classical utilitarian view that only pleasure or happiness is of intrinsic value. Singer and de Lazari-Radek conclude by analysing the continuing importance of utilitarianism in the world, indicating how it is a force for new thinking on contemporary moral challenges like global poverty, the treatment of animals, climate change, reducing the risk of human extinction, end-of-life decisions for terminally-ill patients, and the shift towards assessing the success of government policies in terms of their impact on happiness.

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism Book
Author : Robin Barrow
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-06-03
ISBN : 1317406540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, first published in 1991, the author Dr Robin Barrow adopts the view that utilitarianism is the most coherent and persuasive ethical theory we have and argues in favour of a specific form of rule-utilitarianism. This book will be of interest to students of philosophy.

Mill s Utilitarianism

Mill s Utilitarianism Book
Author : John Petrov Plamenatz,John Stuart Mill
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1949
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mill s Utilitarianism book written by John Petrov Plamenatz,John Stuart Mill, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Liberal Utilitarianism

Liberal Utilitarianism Book
Author : Jonathan Riley,Associate Professor Murphy Institute Jonathan Riley,Tim Riley
Publisher : CUP Archive
Release : 1988-04-07
ISBN : 9780521306928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a book about liberal democratic values and their implications for the design of political institutions. Its distinctive feature is the use of some simple mathematical techniques (known as social choice theory) to clarify and defend a rather complex utilitarian conception of the liberal democratic 'way of life' based on John Stuart Mill's work. More specifically, the text focuses on three well-known 'social choice paradoxes' which are commonly held to destroy any possibility of an ideal harmony among liberal democratic values; and draws upon suggestions implicit in Mill's writings to develop an ethically appealing liberal democratic social choice framework in which the aforementioned paradoxes no longer cause concern. The revised framework is a rather complex version of utilitarianism and should be of special interest to welfare economists, social choice theorists, democratic political theorists and philosophers concerned with utilitarian ethics.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Mill on Utilitarianism

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Mill on Utilitarianism Book
Author : Roger Crisp
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2002-09-11
ISBN : 1134837240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mill was one of the most important British philosophers of the nineteenth century; his Utilitarianism is a pivotal work in ethical thought. This book, written specifically for students coming to Mill - and perhaps philosophy - for the first time, will be an ideal guide. Mill on Utilitarianism introduces and assesses: * Mill's life and the background of Utilitarianism * the ideas and text of Utilitarianism * the continuing importance of Mill's work to philosophy This is the first book dedicated to Utilitarianism itself. Concisely written and engaging, it is perfect reading for those studying Mill or moral philosophy.

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism Book
Author : David Braybrooke,Centennial Chair in the Liberal Arts David Braybrooke
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 9780802087324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Substituting comparative censuses for the hedonistic calculus that figures in standard utilitarianism, Braybrooke excludes gratuitous sacrifices also of happiness short of life-sacrifices.

A New Approach to Utilitarianism

A New Approach to Utilitarianism Book
Author : C.L. Sheng
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401131929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1.1 Utilitarian Theories This book is a monograph on moral philosophy and social philosophy, particularly the part of the philosophy of economics that is related to the general distribution problem. It presents a comprehensive ethical theory, together with an application of the theory to distributive justice. The viewpoint of this theory is utilitarian. However, this theory is different in some crucial points, as well as in minor details, from all existing forms of utilitarianism. Moral philosophy deals essentially with the moral judgment of actions, i. e., whether a moral action is right or wrong, good or bad. The judgment is usually based on a line of logical reasoning, which can be traced to a final reason called the justification or ultimate principle. An ethical theory is a self-consistent system built upon a basic, or ultimate, principle. An ultimate principle can never be rigorously proven, and is not unique. Different philosophers establish different ethical theories upon different principles. Therefore, in the history of development of moral philosophy, there have been a large number of ethical theories and schools. Even wi thin the same school having the same ultimate principle, different philosophers may have different versions of the theory, because of small variations in the interpretation of the ultimate principle or in the elaboration of the details.

Hedonistic Utilitarianism

Hedonistic Utilitarianism Book
Author : Tannsjo Torbjorn Tannsjo
Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
Release : 2019-08-08
ISBN : 1474473059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents a comprehensive statement in defense of the doctrine known as classical, hedonistic utilitarianism. It is presented as a viable alternative in the search for a moral theory and the claim is defended that we need such a theory. The book offers a distinctive approach and some quite controversial conclusions. Torbjorn Tannsjo challenges the assumption that hedonistic utilitarianism is at variance with common sense morality particularly as viewed through the perspective of the modern feminist moral critique.

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism Book
Author : James E. Crimmins
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2017-01-26
ISBN : 1350021687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The idea of utility as a value, goal or principle in political, moral and economic life has a long and rich history. Now available in paperback, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism captures the complex history and the multi-faceted character of utilitarianism, making it the first work of its kind to bring together all the various aspects of the tradition for comparative study. With more than 200 entries on the authors and texts recognised as having built the tradition of utilitarian thinking, it covers issues and critics that have arisen at every stage. There are entries on Plato, Epicurus, and Confucius and progenitors of the theory like John Gay and David Hume, together with political economists, legal scholars, historians and commentators. Cross-referenced throughout, each entry consists of an explanation of the topic, a bibliography of works and suggestions for further reading. Providing fresh juxtapositions of issues and arguments in utilitarian studies and written by a team of respected scholars, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism is an authoritative and valuable resource.

Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill

Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill Book
Author : F. Rosen
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0415220947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a new interpretation of the principle of utility in moral and political theory based on the writings of the classical utilitarians from Hume to J.S. Mill. Discussion of utility in writers such as Adam Smith, William Paley and Jeremy Bentham is included.

Utilitarianism Institutions and Justice

Utilitarianism  Institutions  and Justice Book
Author : James Wood Bailey
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0195105109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this compelling book, Bailey advances utilitarianism as the basis for a viable public philosophy, making persuasive use of game theory insights regarding feasible equilibria and evolutionary stability

Utilitarianism A Guide for the Perplexed

Utilitarianism  A Guide for the Perplexed Book
Author : Krister Bykvist
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2009-12-17
ISBN : 1441158669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Utilitarianism is the ethical theory advanced by Jeremy Bentham, J.S. Mill, and Henry Sidgwick and has contributed significantly to contemporary moral and political philosophy. Yet it is not without controversy and is a subject that students can often find particularly perplexing. Utilitarianism: A Guide for the Perplexed offers a concise, yet fully comprehensive introduction to utilitarianism, its historical roots, key themes, and current debates. Krister Bykvist provides a survey of the modern debate about utilitarianism and goes on to evaluate utilitarianism in comparison with other theories, in particular virtue ethics and Kantianism. Bykvist offers a critical examination of utilitarianism, distinguishing problems that are unique to utilitarianism from those that are shared by other moral theories. Focusing on the problems unique to utilitarianism, the book provides a well-balanced assessment of where the theory goes astray and is in need of revision. Geared towards the specific requirements of students who need to reach a sound understanding of utilitarianism, this book serves as an ideal companion to study of this influential and challenging of philosophical concepts.

The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism

The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism Book
Author : Ben Eggleston,Dale E. Miller
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-01-30
ISBN : 1107020131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive overview of one of the most important and frequently discussed accounts of morality. It will be an important resource for all those studying moral philosophy, political philosophy, political theory and history of ideas.

God the Good and Utilitarianism

God  the Good  and Utilitarianism Book
Author : John Perry
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-02-06
ISBN : 1107050758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Is ethics about happiness? Aristotle thought so and for centuries Christians agreed, until utilitarianism raised worries about where this would lead. In this volume, Peter Singer, leading utilitarian philosopher and controversial defender of infanticide and euthanasia, addresses this question in conversation with Christian ethicists and secular utilitarians. Their engagement reveals surprising points of agreement and difference on questions of moral theory, the history of ethics, and current issues such as climate change, abortion, poverty and animal rights. The volume explores the advantages and pitfalls of basing morality on happiness; if ethics is teleological, is its proper aim the subjective satisfaction of preferences? Or is human flourishing found in objective goods: friendship, intellectual curiosity, meaningful labour? This volume provides a timely review of how utilitarians and Christians conceive of the good, and will be of great interest to those studying religious ethics, philosophy of religion and applied ethics.

Utilitarianism and the Ethics of War

Utilitarianism and the Ethics of War Book
Author : William H. Shaw
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-02-15
ISBN : 1135969132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a detailed utilitarian analysis of the ethical issues involved in war. Utilitarianism and the Ethics of War addresses the two basic ethical questions posed by war: when, if ever, are we morally justified in waging war, and if recourse to arms is warranted, how are we permitted to fight the wars we wage? In addition, it deals with the challenge that realism and relativism raise for the ethical discussion of war, and with the duties of military personnel and the moral challenges they can face. In tackling these matters, the book covers a wide range of topics—from pacifism to armed humanitarian intervention, from the right of national defense to pre-emptive or preventive war, from civilian immunity to the tenets of just war theory and the moral underpinnings of the rules of war. But, what is distinctive about this book is that it provides a consistent and thorough-going utilitarian or consequentialist treatment of the fundamental normative issues that war occasions. Although it goes against the tide of recent work in the field, a utilitarian approach to the ethics of war illuminates old questions in new ways by showing how a concern for well-being and the consequences of our actions and policies shape the moral constraints to which states and other actors must adhere. This book will be of much interest to students of the ethics of war, just war theory, moral philosophy, war and conflict studies and IR.

A History Of English Utilitarianism

A History Of English Utilitarianism Book
Author : Ernest Albee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1902
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A History Of English Utilitarianism book written by Ernest Albee, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.