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Urban Energy Transition

Urban Energy Transition Book
Author : Peter Droege
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-06
ISBN : 9780080560465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This compendium of 29 chapters from 18 countries contains both fundamental and advanced insight into the inevitable shift from cities dominated by the fossil-fuel systems of the industrial age to a renewable-energy based urban development framework. The cross-disciplinary handbook covers a range of diverse yet relevant topics, including: carbon emissions policy and practice; the role of embodied energy; urban thermal performance planning; building efficiency services; energy poverty alleviation efforts; renewable community support networks; aspects of household level bio-fuel markets; urban renewable energy legislation, programs and incentives; innovations in individual transport systems; global urban mobility trends; implications of intelligent energy networks and distributed energy supply and storage; and the case for new regional monetary systems and lifestyles. Presented are practical and principled aspects of technology, economics, design, culture and society, presenting perspectives that are both local and international in scope and relevance.

Urban Energy Transition

Urban Energy Transition Book
Author : Peter Droege
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-12
ISBN : 0081020759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban Energy Transition, second edition, is the definitive science and practice-based compendium of energy transformations in the global urban system. This volume is a timely and rich resource for all, as citizens, companies and their communities, from remote villages to megacities and metropolitan regions, rapidly move away from fossil fuel and nuclear power, to renewable energy as civic infrastructure investment, source of revenue and prosperity, and existential resilience strategy. Covers technical, financial, systems, urban planning and design, landscape, mapping and modelling, and sociological issues related to urban renewable energy transformations Presents city-wide renewable energy strategies and urban thermal performance planning, sector coupling, and smart distributed renewable energy and storage systems Examines individual and mass transport systems in the contexts of urban mobility trends and energy innovations Explains successful innovations in solar bond finance, blockchain technology enabled peer-to-peer renewable energy trading systems, and the case for renewable energy based regional monetary systems Features foci on societal, community and user enabling aspects such as energy justice, prosperity and democracy, and urban renewable energy legislation, programs and incentives Includes analytic case insights into successful practices from around the globe that provide local, regional and country-specific governance and organizational perspectives

Urban Energy Transition in China Insights from Trends Socioeconomic Drivers and Environmental Impacts of Beijing

Urban Energy Transition in China  Insights from Trends  Socioeconomic Drivers  and Environmental Impacts of Beijing Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: The coal-dominated energy structure has not only fueled China's rapid economic development, but also brought great pressure on China. Promoting energy transition is among the great challenges for China. As one of the most developed megacities in China, Beijing promotes energy transition intensively. In this study, we explored the trends, socioeconomic drivers and environmental impacts of the energy transition process in Beijing during the decades. We found that Beijing's energy transition has gone through four typical stages. After a parallel growth between the economy and coal-dominated energy consumption at beginning, the growth rate of energy consumption has gradually slowed down since 1996. Between 2000 and 2007, the energy structure became relatively balanced and diversified, driven by the changes of energy intensity, energy structure, and final demand composition, along with the economic structure's shift from heavy manufacturing to service. Thereafter, economic development was seriously decoupled from direct energy consumption, and the de-coal trend had made remarkable achievements. SO2 and NOx emissions have declined significantly since 2007. Diversified energy structure based on the de-coal trend, cleaner energy, and economic restructuring promotes energy transition. Meanwhile the feasibility of implementation also should be considered in other cities' energy transition process in China. Highlights: Beijing has gone through four typical energy transition stages. Energy flow charts clearly showed the de-coal trend. Energy intensity, energy structure and final demand composition changes were key drivers. Environmental benefits of the energy transition process were obvious.

Urban Energy Transition and Technology Adoption

Urban Energy Transition and Technology Adoption Book
Author : Zenebe Gebreegziabher
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-12-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Urban Energy Transition and Technology Adoption book written by Zenebe Gebreegziabher, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Urban Energy Landscapes

Urban Energy Landscapes Book
Author : Vanesa Castán Broto
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-04-30
ISBN : 1108419429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research volume on urban energy transition that will have wide interdisciplinary appeal to researchers in energy, urban and environmental studies.

Urban Energy Systems for Low Carbon Cities

Urban Energy Systems for Low Carbon Cities Book
Author : Ursula Eicker
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 0128115548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With an increase of global energy demand arising in urban settlements, the key challenges for the urban energy transition include analysis of energy efficiency options and the potential of renewable energy systems within the existing building stock, making cities a key actor in the transition success. In Urban Energy Systems for Low Carbon Cities, indicators to evaluate urban energy performance are introduced and the status quo of monitoring and efficiency valuation schemes are discussed. The book discusses advances on the state-of-the-art of research in a number of key areas: Energy demand and consumption mapping and monitoring Optimization of design and operation of urban supply and distribution systems Integration of renewable energy and urban energy network models Demand side management strategies to better match renewable supply and demand and increase flexibilities With innovative modelling methods this book gives a real bottom-up modelling approach used for the simulation of energy consumption, energy conversion systems and distribution networks using engineering methods. Provides support and guidance on the energy transition issues relating to energy demand, consumption mapping and monitoring Includes examples from case study cities, including Vienna, Geneva, New York and Stuttgart Analyzes the potential of energy management strategies in urban areas

The Urban Household Energy Transition

The Urban Household Energy Transition Book
Author : Douglas F. Barnes,Kerry Krutilla,William F. Hyde
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-09-30
ISBN : 1136528164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As cities in developing countries grow and become more prosperous, energy use shifts from fuelwood to fuels like charcoal, kerosene, and coal, and, ultimately, to fuels such as liquid petroleum gas, and electricity. Energy use is not usually considered as a social issue. Yet, as this book demonstrates, the movement away from traditional fuels has a strong socio-economic dimension, as poor people are the last to attain the benefits of using modern energy. The result is that health risks from the continued use of wood fuel fall most heavily on the poor, and indoor pollution from wood stoves has its greatest effect on women and children who cook and spend much more of their time indoors. Barnes, Krutilla, and Hyde provide the first worldwide assessment of the energy transition as it occurs in urban households, drawing upon data collected by the World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP). From 1984-2000, the program conducted over 25,000 household energy surveys in 45 cities spanning 12 countries and 3 continents. Additionally, GIS mapping software was used to compile a biomass database of vegetation patterns surrounding 34 cities. Using this rich set of geographic, biological, and socioeconomic data, the authors describe problems and policy options associated with each stage in the energy transition. The authors show how the poorest are most vulnerable to changes in energy markets and demonstrate how the collection of biomass fuel contributes to deforestation. Their book serves as an important contribution to development studies, and as a guide for policymakers hoping to encourage sustainable energy markets and an improved quality of life for growing urban populations.

Transitions

Transitions Book
Author : Peter W. Newton
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-09
ISBN : 9781402088124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Formidable challenges confront Australia and its human settlements: the mega-metro regions, major and provincial cities, coastal, rural and remote towns. The key drivers of change and major urban vulnerabilities have been identified and principal among them are resource-constraints, such as oil, water, food, skilled labour and materials, and carbon-constraints, linked to climate change and a need to transition to renewable energy, both of which will strongly shape urban development this century. Transitions identifies 21st century challenges to the resilience of Australia’s cities and regions that flow from a range of global and local influences, and offers a portfolio of solutions to these critical problems and vulnerabilities. The solutions will require fundamental transitions in many instances: to our urban infrastructures, to our institutions and how they plan for the future, and perhaps most of all to ourselves in terms of our lifestyles and consumption patterns. With contributions from 92 researchers – all leaders in their respective fields – this book offers the expertise to chart pathways for a sustainability transition.

Cities and Low Carbon Transitions

Cities and Low Carbon Transitions Book
Author : Harriet Bulkeley,Vanesa Castán Broto,Mike Hodson,Simon Marvin
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-12-14
ISBN : 1136883266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current societies face unprecedented risks and challenges connected to climate change. Addressing them will require fundamental transformations in the infrastructures that sustain everyday life, such as energy, water, waste and mobility. A transition to a ‘low carbon’ future implies a large scale reorganisation in the way societies produce and use energy. Cities are critical in this transition because they concentrate social and economic activities that produce climate change related emissions. At the same time, cities are increasingly recognised as sources of opportunities for climate change mitigation. Whether, how and why low carbon transitions in urban systems take place in response to climate change will therefore be decisive for the success of global mitigation efforts. As a result, climate change increasingly features as a critical issue in the management of urban infrastructure and in urbanisation policies. Cities and Low Carbon Transitions presents a ground-breaking analysis of the role of cities in low carbon socio-technical transitions. Insights from the fields of urban studies and technological transitions are combined to examine how, why and with what implications cities bring about low carbon transitions. The book outlines the key concepts underpinning theories of socio-technical transition and assesses its potential strengths and limits for understanding the social and technological responses to climate change that are emerging in cities. It draws on a diverse range of examples including world cities, ordinary cities and transition towns, from North America, Europe, South Africa and China, to provide evidence that expectations, aspirations and plans to undertake purposive socio-technical transitions are emerging in different urban contexts. This collection adds to existing literature on cities and energy transitions and introduces critical questions about power and social interests, lock-in and development trajectories, social equity and economic development, and socio-technical change in cities. The book addresses academics, policy makers, practitioners and researchers interested in the development of systemic responses in cities to curb climate change.

The Role of Public Participation in Energy Transitions

The Role of Public Participation in Energy Transitions Book
Author : Ortwin Renn,Frank Ulmer,Anna Deckert
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04
ISBN : 0128195150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Role of Public Participation in Energy Transitions provides a conceptual and empirical approach to stakeholder and citizen involvement in the ongoing energy transition conversation, focusing on projects surrounding energy conversion and efficiency, reducing energy demand, and using new forms of renewable energy sources. Sections review and contrast different approaches to citizen involvement, discuss the challenges of inclusive participation in complex energy policymaking, and provide conceptual foundations for the empirical case studies that constitute the second part of the book. The book is a valuable resource for academics in the field of energy planning and policymaking, as well as practitioners in energy governance, energy and urban planners and participation specialists.

Energy Use in Cities

Energy Use in Cities Book
Author : Stephanie Pincetl,Hannah Gustafson,Felicia Federico,Eric Daniel Fournier,Robert Cudd,Erik Porse
Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
Release : 2020-12-05
ISBN : 9783030556006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In an era of big data and smart cities, this book is an innovative and creative contribution to our understanding of urban energy use. Societies have basic data needs to develop an understanding of energy flows for planning energy sustainability. However, this data is often either not utilized or not available. Using California as an example, the book provides a roadmap for using data to reduce urban greenhouse gas emissions by targeting programs and initiatives that will successfully and parsimoniously improve building performance while taking into account issues of energy affordability. This first of its kind methodology maps high-detail building energy use to understand patterns of consumption across buildings, neighborhoods, and socioeconomic divisions in megacities. The book then details the steps required to replicate this methodology elsewhere, and shows the importance of openly-accessible building energy data for transitioning cities to meet the climate planning goals of the twenty-first century. It also explains why actual data, not modeled or sampled, is critical for accurate analysis and insights. Finally, it acknowledges the complex institutional context for this work and some of the obstacles – utility reluctance, public agency oversight, funding and path dependencies. This book will be of great value to scholars across the environmental sectors, but especially to those studying sustainable urban energy as well as practitioners and policy makers in these areas.

Urban Retrofitting for Sustainability

Urban Retrofitting for Sustainability Book
Author : Tim Dixon,Malcolm Eames,Miriam Hunt,Simon Lannon
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-01-21
ISBN : 1317911938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With a foreword from Paul King, Chief Executive, UK Green Building Council and Chairman, Zero Carbon Hub As concerns over climate change and resource constraints grow, many cities across the world are trying to achieve a low carbon transition. Although new zero carbon buildings are an important part of the story, in existing cities the transformation of the current building stock and urban infrastructure must inevitably form the main focus for transitioning to a low carbon and sustainable future by 2050. Urban Retrofitting for Sustainability brings together interdisciplinary research contributions from leading international experts to focus on key issues such as systems innovation, financing tools, governance, energy, and water management. The chapters consider not only the knowledge and technical tools available, but looks forward to how they can be implemented in real cities by 2050.

Empowering the Great Energy Transition

Empowering the Great Energy Transition Book
Author : Scott Valentine,Marilyn Brown,Benjamin Sovacool
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-09
ISBN : 9780231185967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Empowering the Great Energy Transition demonstrates that a transition away from carbon-intensive energy sources is inevitable--if we can overcome the forces supporting incumbent technologies. It provides an expert analysis of the achievable steps that citizens, organizational leaders, and policy makers can take.

Energy Transition in Metropolises Rural Areas and Deserts

Energy Transition in Metropolises  Rural Areas  and Deserts Book
Author : Louis Boisgibault,Fahad Al Kabbani
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-02-05
ISBN : 1786304996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Transition in Metropolises, Rural Areas and Deserts presents detailed field studies of energy transition in Lille, Riyadh, Fayence, Bokhol, Ouarzazate and the Arabian Desert. It analyzes local actions and good practices – according to the resources and constraints involved – in the process of removing the obstacles to the transition. Solutions are sought for the right type of space for buildings, transport, industry and services, and targets are set for Europe, the Middle East and Africa as part of the Paris Climate Agreement. As a pedagogical tool, this book is aimed at not only politicians and professionals, but also any members of the public who wish to learn about changes in production and energy consumption.

The Solar Energy Transition

The Solar Energy Transition Book
Author : Daniel Rich,Jon M Veigel,Allen M Barnett,John Byrne
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-10-02
ISBN : 9780367295882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar energy is considered by many an attractive and practical option for America's energy future, one that is technically and commercially feasible as well as socially and environmentally desirable. Sun-generated power could meet upwards of 20 percent of U.S. energy needs by the year 2000--but only if there is a concerted national effort to use this energy option. The issues of implementation and the public and private initiatives needed to facilitate a transition to extensive use of solar energy are the focus of this volume. The solar transition is addressed from the diverse perspectives of the many necessary participants: industries and small businesses; local, state, regional, and federal governments; public utilities; policy analysts; and solar advocates. The contributors assess the extent to which solar alternatives can replace and augment other energy forms, the pace and pattern for solar commercialization, and the roles of public and private institutions in carrying out the transition. A consensus becomes apparent: Although the transition to solar energy is technically and commercially viable, its success depends on concerted public and private efforts to promote innovation and diversification in energy production and distribution and to institute major changes in public policy related to energy use.

Energizing Sustainable Cities

Energizing Sustainable Cities Book
Author : Arnulf Grubler,David Fisk
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-11-12
ISBN : 113627362X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban systems now house about half of the world's population, but determine some three quarters of the global economy and its associated energy use and resulting environmental impacts. The twenty-first century will be increasingly urban. Sustainable development therefore needs first to be defined and analyzed, and then realized in urban settings. Energy is one of the key challenges, but also one of the key opportunities in the required urban sustainability transition. The book is the result of a major international effort to conduct the first comprehensive assessment of energy-related urban sustainability issues conducted under the auspices of the Global Energy Assessment (GEA). The assessment is also unique in that it embeds energy issues into the broader sustainability agenda of cities: including housing for the poor, functional transport systems, as well as environmental quality, in addition to the challenges imposed by climate change. Written by an eminent team of internationally renowned scholars it presents new data, new analysis, as well as new policy insights. It includes the first comprehensive global coverage overview of urban energy use and of the specifics of urban energy demand and supply. Major development and sustainability challenges of cities are assessed in detail and public and private sector opportunities and constraints of a sustainability transition examined in detail. Technological and policy options are put in a much needed context in terms of their respective role as drivers of urban energy demand as well as potentials for reductions in energy use and associated emissions of local pollutants as well as greenhouse gases. The analysis presents both a comprehensive literature review as well as novel, spatially explicit models of integrated urban energy policy analysis. The volume concludes with a summary assessment of policy options, priorities as well as paradoxes.

Flexible Urban Energy in a Low carbon Electric World

Flexible Urban Energy in a Low carbon Electric World Book
Author : Jacques Adrian de Chalendar
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A large and rising share of carbon dioxide emissions is attributable to the electricity sector. The electrification of heat and transportation will have broad consequences for our energy systems and for the electricity sector. Improperly managed, massive electrification could destabilize power grids, cause blackouts and dramatically increase the cost of electricity. Carefully integrated, however, heat and transportation could represent a sorely needed flexibility resource as we turn towards generation sources that rely heavily on the wind and sun. Urban environments are at the core of the transition for our energy systems and are accordingly a central focus of this work. We develop and use advanced computational tools to tackle energy and carbon management problems. To continually monitor decarbonization progress and track emissions in the electricity sector, new tools are needed. Our efforts to provide such tools are described in chapter 2. Since the availability of solar- and wind-based electricity generation varies throughout the day and in space, so does the carbon impact of drawing electricity from the grid. By leveraging publicly available plant-level electricity and emissions data on the hourly operations of the US power system, we traced embodied emissions flows in hourly electricity exchanges between the US electric balancing authorities in 2016. The dataset we built can be used to provide better carbon accounting tools and to estimate the environmental footprint of electricity consumption. To enable the real-time tracking of power system emissions, a second hourly emissions estimation method was subsequently developed that relies on hourly electricity data and technology-specific emissions factors. These hourly electricity data were also used assess the impact of high shares of renewable generation from water, wind and sun on fossil generation sources and on exchanges. As they become even more interdependent with the electric sector, urban energy systems will need to become more integrated and flexible. We will need to pay close attention to the way they operate. This is the focus of chapter 3. Decarbonization of electricity generation together with electrification of energy-and-carbon intensive services such as heating, cooling and transportation is needed to address ambitious climate goals. The Stanford campus district energy system (Stanford Energy Systems Innovations project; SESI) is roughly equivalent to a city of population 30,000 and provides a unique source of real data as well as an ideal testbed for new ideas and control algorithms. We explored whether city-scale electrification of heat with large-scale thermal storage also cost-effectively unlocks operational benefits for the power sector. We built an optimization model of fully electrified district heating and cooling networks integrated with other electric. Using our modeling approach, we computed optimal operational strategies for the controllable loads and thermal storage in this system under different economic hypotheses such as least-cost scheduling and carbon-aware scheduling, that takes advantage of variations in power grid carbon intensity. We also explored the interactions between urban energy systems and large-scale electric vehicle charging. Our modeling efforts on capacity-based demand response led to a megawatt-scale experiment in the summer of 2018, when the campus participated in one of Pacific Gas & Electric's demand response programs. During this experiment, the campus energy operations were significantly modified to provide 5 MW load drops during demand response events. Scientific contributions included approaches to (i) determine how much capacity to nominate each month (the planning problem) and (ii) adjust hourly operations schedules in real time, while preparing for possible events (the control problem).

Urban Interfuel Substitution Energy Use and Equity in Developing Countries

Urban Interfuel Substitution  Energy Use  and Equity in Developing Countries Book
Author : Douglas F. Barnes,Liu Qian
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Urban Interfuel Substitution Energy Use and Equity in Developing Countries book written by Douglas F. Barnes,Liu Qian, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy Transition

Energy Transition Book
Author : Jens Lowitzsch
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-09
ISBN : 3319935186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Consumer (co-)ownership in renewable energy (RE) is essential to the overall success of Energy Transition. In June 2018, the European Union agreed on a corresponding enabling framework as part of a recast of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II). The transposition of these comprehensive rules – in particular those on local RE communities – requires developing, implementing and rolling out business models that broaden the capital participation of consumers. The challenge is to include municipalities and/or commercial investors like SMEs and advance to economies of scale while retaining the benefits of individual consumer participation. This book is addressed to energy consumers in local communities, their municipalities and to the policy makers who represent them. Additionally, non-EU countries, in particular those where rural areas have limited access to energy, e.g. in Asia, Africa and Latin America, may be interested in the benefits of consumer ownership. While demand for energy in developing countries is growing, access to energy is crucial for improving the quality of life. The editor of this book presents a new model of consumer ownership in RE for both the EU and countries worldwide. Part One describes the rationale for consumer ownership in RE with regard to social, organizational, legal and financial conditions. Part Two discusses the issue of financing RE and introduces a new financing technique, the Consumer Stock Ownership Plan (CSOP), comparing it to traditional models. Part Three provides 18 country studies from Europe, North America, South America and Asia, organized so as to enable a cross-country comparison of policy approaches and feasibility. Policy recommendations are based on the results of this survey. Part Four summarizes, compares the best practice cases, presents a cost-benefit analysis of “prosumage” and against this background evaluates the impact on future policy.

Cities and Sustainable Technology Transitions

Cities and Sustainable Technology Transitions Book
Author : Marina van Geenhuizen,Adam Holbrook,Mozhdeh Taheri
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2018-06-29
ISBN : 178347677X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This enlightening book elucidates the leadership challenges of various cities in emerging transitions towards higher levels of sustainability. It examines elements of three socio-technical systems, energy, transport and healthcare, while addressing technology invention, commercialization, mass-production and adoption. The book breaks new ground in the analysis of topical issues such as local ‘cradle’ conditions, incentive schemes, niche-development, living labs, impact bonds, grass-roots intermediation and adaptive policy making. It offers a broad coverage of global systems of cities, with a particular focus on Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, China, Korea, Japan, the US and Canada.