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Unraveling Environmental Disasters

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Unraveling Environmental Disasters

Unraveling Environmental Disasters Book
Author : Daniel Vallero,Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0123973171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unraveling Environmental Disasters provides scientific explanations of the most threatening current and future environmental disasters, including an analysis of ways that the disaster could have been prevented and how the risk of similar disasters can be minimized in the future. Named a 2014 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication Treats disasters as complex systems Provides predictions based upon sound science, such as what the buildup of certain radiant gases in the troposphere will do, or what will happen if current transoceanic crude oil transport continues Considers the impact of human systems on environmental disasters

Unraveling Environmental Disasters

Unraveling Environmental Disasters Book
Author : Daniel Vallero,Trevor M Letcher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2023-01-15
ISBN : 9780443186516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unraveling Environmental Disasters, Second Edition provides scientific explanations of the most threatening current and future environmental disasters, including an analysis of ways that the disaster could have been prevented and how the risk of similar disasters can be minimized in the future. In this new edition the authors provide foundational knowledge on why certain environmental disasters have occurred, in addition to detailed explanations on ways of reducing the chances of recurrences. Anyone involved in teaching or working in the main sciences of physics, chemistry, and biology or in the applied sciences, including engineering, design, planning, and homeland security should read the book to become acquainted with these very important issues. New to this edition: Fully updated chapters from first edition New chapters on food, health, and water Focuses on both theoretical and practical aspects of each disaster Includes disasters related to climate change and pollution Evaluates natural hazards and disasters with an emphasis on lessons learned for better future forecasting Considers the impact of human systems on environmental disasters,. treating disasters as complex systems Provides detailed predictions, based upon sound science, on why disasters occur

Environmental Systems Science

Environmental Systems Science Book
Author : Daniel Vallero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-27
ISBN : 0128219440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Systems Science: Theory and Practical Applications looks at pollution and environmental quality from a systems perspective. Credible human and ecological risk estimation and prediction methods are described, including life cycle assessment, feasibility studies, pollution control decision tools, and approaches to determine adverse outcome pathways, fate and transport, sampling and analysis, and cost-effectiveness. The book brings translational science to environmental quality, applying groundbreaking methodologies like informatics, data mining, and applications of secondary data systems. Multiple human and ecological variables are introduced and integrated to support calculations that aid environmental and public health decision making. The book bridges the perspectives of scientists, engineers, and other professionals working in numerous environmental and public health fields addressing problems like toxic substances, deforestation, climate change, and loss of biological diversity, recommending sustainable solutions to these and other seemingly intractable environmental problems. The causal agents discussed include physical, chemical, and biological agents, such as per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), SARS-CoV-2 (the COVID-19 virus), and other emerging contaminants. Provides an optimistic and interdisciplinary approach, underpinned by scientific first principles and theory to evaluate pollutant sources and sinks, applying biochemodynamic methods, measurements and models Deconstructs prior initiatives in environmental assessment and management using an interdisciplinary approach to evaluate what has worked and why Lays out a holistic understanding of the real impact of human activities on the current state of pollution, linking the physical sciences and engineering with socioeconomic, cultural perspectives, and environmental justice Takes a life cycle view of human and ecological systems, from the molecular to the planetary scale, integrating theories and tools from various disciplines to assess the current and projected states of environmental quality Explains the elements of risk, reliability and resilience of built and natural systems, including discussions of toxicology, sustainability, and human-pollutant interactions based on spatial, biological, and human activity information, i.e. the exposome

The Impacts of Climate Change

The Impacts of Climate Change Book
Author : Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-09
ISBN : 012822374X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Impacts of Climate Change: A Comprehensive Study of Physical, Biophysical, Social and Political Issues presents the very real issues associated with climate change and global warming and how it affects the planet and everyone on it. From a physical perspective, the book covers such topics as population pressures, food issues, rising sea-levels and coastline degradation, and health. It then goes on to present social impacts, such as humanitarian issues, ethics, adaptation, urban issues, local action, and socio-economic issues. Finally, it addresses the political impacts, such as justice issues and politics of climate change in different locations. By offering this holistic review of the latest impacts of climate change, the book helps researchers to better understand what needs to be done in order to move toward renewable energy, change societal habits, and move toward sustainable development. Offers comprehensive coverage of the impacts of climate change from multiple perspectives (physical, social, and political) to develop synergy across disciplines Presents the latest research and developments on the understanding of climate change impacts on a variety of scales and disciplines Includes case studies and extensive references for further exploration

Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information

Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information Book
Author : Daniel Vallero
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-15
ISBN : 0128124474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information: How to Coordinate Evidence from Different Sources is a resource for building environmental knowledge, particularly in the era of Big Data. Environmental scientists, engineers, educators and students will find it essential to determine data needs, assess their quality, and efficiently manage their findings. Decision makers can explore new open access databases and tools, especially portals and dashboards. The book demonstrates how environmental knowledgebases are and can be built to meet the needs of modern students and professionals. Topics covered include concepts and principles that underpin air, water, and other public health and ecological topics. Integrated and systems perspectives are woven throughout, with clues on how to build and apply interdisciplinary data, which can increasingly be obtained from sources ranging from peer-reviewed research appearing in scientific journals to information gathered by citizen scientists. This opens the door to using vast amounts of open data and the necessary quality assurance and metadata considerations for their countless applications. Provides tools to manage data of varying sizes and quality Identifies both opportunities and cautions in using “other people’s data Updates physical, chemical and biological factors that must be considered in risk evaluations and life cycle assessments Applies to data collected by academic, governmental, businesses, and citizen scientists across environmental systems Improves readers’ ability to organize and visualize their work in the age of Big Data

Climate Change

Climate Change Book
Author : Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-09-19
ISBN : 0444635351
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earth's climate is always changing. As the debate over the Earth's climate has grown, the term "climate change" has come to refer primarily to changes we've seen over recent years and those that are predicted to be coming, mainly as a result of human behavior. Climate Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth, Second Edition, serves as a broad, accessible guide to the science behind this often political and heated debate by providing scientific detail and evidence in language that is clear to both the climatologist and the non-specialist. The book contains 35 chapters on all scientific aspects of climate change, written by the world's authority of each particular subject. It collects the latest information on all of these topics in one volume. In this way, readers can make connections between the various topics covered in the book, leading to new ways of solving problems and looking at related issues. The book also contains major references and details for further research and understanding on all issues related to climate change, giving a clear indication of a looming crisis in global warming and climate change. Provides an up-to-date account of the current understanding of climate change and global warming Includes 23 updated chapters and 12 new chapters Includes coverage on modeling climate change, geological history of climate change, and on engineering aspects of climate change Written by the world’s leading experts on the issues related to climate change

Environmental Politics and Policy

Environmental Politics and Policy Book
Author : John McCormick
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2017-10-18
ISBN : 1137604018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides systematic coverage of the key concepts in the study of environmental politics; the evolution of environmental thinking; the national and international actors involved in environmental policy; and a selection of specific environmental problems including their causes, the challenges and results of addressing them to date.

Human Security in Disease and Disaster

Human Security in Disease and Disaster Book
Author : Natasha Lindstaedt
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-09-20
ISBN : 1000437477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely new textbook lays bare the ways in which disease and disaster can turn politicians into global leaders or national liabilities. It explains the impact of crises on development and human security and explores how states and societies can respond more effectively. Written primarily for the student of politics, but also drawing from public health, public policy, and environmental studies, the book investigates the threats posed by disease and disasters, and demonstrates how states can shape the ways in which these crises unfold. Case studies include: • Diseases such as Covid-19 and Ebola • Natural disasters such as Typhoon Haiyan and the 2010 Haiti earthquake • Manmade disasters such as the Yemen and Congo civil wars or famine The book delves deep into how state response to these challenges can impact political and economic stability and ends by exploring the role played by international institutions and international cooperation in addressing common challenges. This introductory textbook is perfect for undergraduate and masters courses exploring the expanding politics and human security issues surrounding disease and disasters. It will also be of interest to think tanks and policy communities looking for fresh insights to bring into professional practice.

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment Book
Author : Gabriela Soreanu,Éric Dumont
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-03
ISBN : 0128190655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment: Recent Developments, New Trends, Advances, and Opportunities provides an overview on the biological tools used for the treatment of the gaseous fluxes, with emphasis on traditional and perspective options, opening new horizons for research and implementation in practice. It is known that air pollution is an emergent global issue and a priority within the international environmental programs. Moreover, technologies based on biological methods are significantly contributing to the sustainable development concept. Thus this book provides tools for solving air pollution issues in a sustainable manner. These issues can be solved at different levels (e.g., "end-of-pipe" gaseous streams, indoor/outdoor air, closed environments), which can be approached by the different biotechniques presented in the book, from classical biofiltration techniques (part 1) to phytotreatment and microalgae-based techniques (part 2). Although all options have their particularities that make them special for certain applications, a special attention is drawn to the potential of the last one, which offers multiple possibilities for biomass valorization. Scientists from worldwide with relevant experience in their field have been contributed to the development of this book. Presents the main biotechnological aspects applied for gas purification, focusing on process understanding, limitations, and capability in different applications Promotes a sustainable future of the biofiltration process by enhancing their performance together with the simultaneously economic and environmental impacts Implements new aspects of scientific research and development in the field

Water and Climate Change

Water and Climate Change Book
Author : Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-07-18
ISBN : 0323998763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water and Climate Change: Sustainable Development, Politics and Social Issues focuses on climate change and global warming, sustainable development and social and political issues surrounding water. Throughout the book, global contributors provide an outlook on the possible future of the world if climate issues continue to increase. In this regard, readers will become fully aware of the dangers of climate change and global warming. To counterbalance, the book also provides an outlook to the possible future of the world if changes are made and emissions are reduced. Water shortages and water pollution are real and are beginning to affect the lives of every one of us on the planet. We are rapidly reaching a point of no return. If we do nothing about water shortages and water pollution, many of the catastrophes mentioned in this book will come to pass. As such, this reference is a must-read resource for environmental scientists and engineers, water resource experts, agriculturalists, social scientists, earth scientists, geographers and decision-makers in government and water management. Covers a wide spectrum of topics related to water usage as discussed by world authorities, all experts in their own field Includes references and further reading at the end of each chapter, giving the reader all the very latest thinking and information on each topic Provides case studies that follow a consistent template, presenting the reader with easy to find, real-life examples

Air Pollution Calculations

Air Pollution Calculations Book
Author : Daniel A. Vallero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 0128149353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air Pollution Calculations introduces the equations and formulae that are most important to air pollution, but goes a step further. Most texts lack examples of how these equations and formulae apply to the quantification of real-world scenarios and conditions. The ample example calculations apply to current air quality problems, including emission inventories, risk estimations, biogeochemical cycling assessments, and efficiencies in air pollution control technologies. In addition, the book explains thermodynamics and fluid dynamics in step-by-step and understandable calculations using air quality and multimedia modeling, reliability engineering and engineering economics using practical examples likely to be encountered by scientists, engineers, managers and decision makers. The book touches on the environmental variables, constraints and drivers that can influence pollutant mass, volume and concentrations, which in turn determine toxicity and adverse outcomes caused by air pollution. How the pollutants form, move, partition, transform and find their fate are explained using the entire range of atmospheric phenomena. The control, prevention and mitigation of air pollution are explained based on physical, chemical and biological principles which is crucial to science-based policy and decision-making. Users will find this to be a comprehensive, single resource that will help them understand air pollution, quantify existing data, and help those whose work is impacted by air pollution. Explains air pollution in a comprehensive manner, enabling readers to understand how to measure and assess risks to human populations and ecosystems actually or potentially exposed to air pollutants Covers air pollution from a multivariate, systems approach, bringing in atmospheric processes, health impacts, environmental impacts, controls and prevention Facilitates an understanding of broad factors, like climate and transport, that influence patterns and change in pollutant concentrations, both spatially and over time

Waste

Waste Book
Author : Trevor M. Letcher,Daniel A. Vallero
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-05
ISBN : 012815442X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste: A Handbook for Management, Second Edition, provides information on a wide range of hot topics and developing areas, such as hydraulic fracturing, microplastics, waste management in developing countries, and waste-exposure-outcome pathways. Beginning with an overview of the current waste landscape, including green engineering, processing principles and regulations, the book then outlines waste streams and treatment methods for over 25 different types of waste and reviews best practices and management, challenges for developing countries, risk assessment, contaminant pathways and risk tradeoffs. With an overall focus on waste recovery, reuse, prevention and lifecycle analysis, the book draws on the experience of an international team of expert contributors to provide reliable guidance on how best to manage wastes for scientists, managers, engineers and policymakers in both the private and public sectors. Covers the assessment and treatment of different waste streams in a single book Provides a hands-on report on each type of waste problem as written by an expert in the field Highlights new findings and evolving problems in waste management via discussion boxes

Ecological Wisdom

Ecological Wisdom Book
Author : Bo Yang,Robert Fredrick Young
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-16
ISBN : 9811305714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an introduction to the theory and practice of ecological wisdom (EW). EW is the integration of robust contemporary science with proven cultural and historical practices to identify long-term, sustainable solutions to problems of environmental management and urban design. The book combines theoretical concepts with specific case studies, illustrating the opportunities for interdisciplinary approaches combining historical experience, cultural context, and contemporary science as effective strategies for addressing complex problems confronting metropolitan and rural environmental and resource management in areas such as land use, water management, materials and building engineering, urban planning, and architecture and design. EW transcends the limitations in these fields of the normative approaches of modernity or traditional wisdom by offering a new, synthetic strategy to address socio-ecological issues. By presenting these ideas both theoretically and through existing case studies, the book provides researchers, practitioners and students with a powerful new perspective in developing long-term, resilient solutions to existing socio-environmental challenges. It is intended mainly for those working or interested in the fields of sustainable environmental and resource management, city and regional planning, architecture and design, civil engineering, landscape architecture, and the philosophy of science, particularly those with an ecological or sustainability focus.

Newspaper Real Estate Schemes of the 1920s

Newspaper Real Estate Schemes of the 1920s Book
Author : Margaret B. Barker
Publisher : McFarland
Release : 2021-01-14
ISBN : 147664179X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the 1920s, newspapers and real estate developers colluded in a scheme to sell tiny vacation lots to subscribers. A zealous advertising campaign spawned a land-buying frenzy that sprouted dozens of waterfront summer colonies across the country. The resulting legal, social and environmental mayhem caused some of these communities to disappear or be drastically altered in character, while others managed to survive more or less intact. Drawing on newspaper accounts of the day, this book explores how the scheme eluded accusations of fraud, creating an assembly line for middle class resorts through a lucrative merger of real estate and journalism. Pell Lake, Wisconsin, serves as a case study that yields the best evidence for determining if it was all a scam. Told here for the first time, the story of this unusual alliance and the communities it created offers lessons for today's entrepreneurs, journalists, advertisers, real estate developers, environmentalists and anyone who has ever lived in a resort community.

Future Energy

Future Energy Book
Author : Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-11-12
ISBN : 0080994229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the demand for global energy increases, fact-based evaluations of alternative energy sources are needed in order to address the growing interest in how energy is produced, provided, and transported in sustainable ways. Future Energy, Second Edition provides scientists and decision makers with the knowledge they need to understand the relative importance and magnitude of various energy production methods in order to make the energy decisions needed for sustaining development and dealing with climate change. The second edition of Future Energy looks at the present energy situation and extrapolates to future scenarios related to global warming and the increase of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This thoroughly revised and updated edition contains over 30 chapters on all aspects of future energy, each chapter updated and expanded by expert scientists and engineers in their respective fields providing an unbiased and balanced view of the future of energy. Provides readers with an up-to-date overview of available energy options, both traditional and renewable, as well as the necessary tools to make informed decisions regarding selection, use, and environmental impacts. Covers a wide spectrum of future energy resources presented in a single book with chapters written by experts of the particular field Eleven new chapters including chapters on: solar heating, energy resources in developing nations and frontiers in oil and gas, Arctic drilling and unconventional oil and gas sources, thorium in nuclear fission, ethanol and other options for future transport fuel, fracking, smart grids, new batteries, environmental issues and the energy options for China

Fundamentals of Air Pollution

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Book
Author : Daniel Vallero
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-07-26
ISBN : 0124046029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Air Pollution is an important and widely used textbook in the environmental science and engineering community. This thoroughly revised fifth edition of Fundamentals of Air Pollution has been updated throughout and remains the most complete text available, offering a stronger systems perspective and more coverage of international issues relating to air pollution. Sections on pollution control have been reorganized and updated to demonstrate the move from regulation and control approaches to green and sustainable engineering approaches. The fifth edition maintains a strong interdisciplinary approach to the study of air pollution, covering such topics as chemistry, physics, meteorology, engineering, toxicology, policy, and regulation. New material includes near-road air pollution, new risk assessment approaches, indoor air quality, the impact of biofuels and fuel additives, mercury emissions, forecasting techniques, and the most recent results from the National Air Toxics Assessment. Stronger systems approach, emphasizing the impact of air pollution on ecosystems and human health Risks, measures, models, and control of air pollution are discussed at scale – starting at the individual/niche level and expanding to planetary/global scale Increased emphasis on international issues, including coverage of European initiatives and discussions of the impact of emerging economies like India and China Updated references, standards, and methods throughout the book make this the most current air pollution text/reference on the market All new end-of-chapter problems enhance its usefulness as a course text

A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems

A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems Book
Author : Trevor M. Letcher,Vasilis M. Fthenakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0128114800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems: With Special Focus on Photovoltaic Systems, the most advanced and research focused text on all aspects of solar energy engineering, is a must have edition on the present state of solar technology, integration and worldwide distribution. In addition, the book provides a high-level assessment of the growth trends in photovoltaics and how investment, planning and economic infrastructure can support those innovations. Each chapter includes a research overview with a detailed analysis and new case studies that look at how recent research developments can be applied. Written by some of the most forward-thinking professionals, this book is an invaluable reference for engineers. Contains analysis of the latest high-level research and explores real world application potential in relation to developments Uses system international (SI) units and imperial units throughout to appeal to global engineers Offers measurable data written by a world expert in the field on the latest developments in this fast moving and vital subject

Hazardous Waste Management

Hazardous Waste Management Book
Author : Deepak Yadav,Pradeep Kumar,Pardeep Singh,Daniel Vallero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-29
ISBN : 0323859283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hazardous Waste Management: An Overview of Advanced and Cost-Effective Solutions includes the latest practical knowledge and theoretical concepts for the treatment of hazardous wastes. The book covers five major themes, namely, ecological impact, waste management hierarchy, hazardous waste characteristics and regulations, hazardous wastes management, and future scope of hazardous waste management. It serves as a comprehensive and advanced reference for undergraduate students, researchers and practitioners in the field of hazardous wastes and focuses on the latest emerging research in the management of hazardous waste, the direction in which this branch is developing as well as future prospects. The book deals with all these components in-depth, however, particular attention is given to management techniques and cost-effective, economically feasible solutions for hazardous wastes released from various sources. Comprehensively explores the impact of hazardous wastes on human health and ecosystems Discusses toxicity across solid waste, aquatic food chain and airborne diseases Categorically elaborates waste treatment and management procedures with current challenges Discusses future challenges and the importance of renewing technologies

Climate Change

Climate Change Book
Author : Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-26
ISBN : 0128215763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth, Third Edition, brings together top global researchers across many disciplines to provide a comprehensive review on the complex issue of climate change and weather patterns. The third edition continues its tradition of focusing on the science and evidence on this highly politicized topic. Every chapter is updated, with this new edition featuring new chapters on topics such as glacier melt, the impacts of rising temperatures, extreme weather, modeling techniques, biodiversity, and more. This book is essential for researchers, environmental managers, engineers, and those whose work is impacted by, or tied to, climate change and global warming. Provides a comprehensive resource on climate change and weather patterns, ranging from causes and indicators to modeling and adaptation Covers the Jet Stream, catastrophic modeling, extreme weather, the carbon cycle, socioeconomic impacts, biological diversity, deforestation and global temperature Contains 25 updated chapters and 10 new chapters, all written by global experts who provide a current overview of the state of knowledge on climate change across a wide array of disciplines

The High Cost of Low Prices

The High Cost of Low Prices Book
Author : David S. Jacoby
Publisher : Business Expert Press
Release : 2017-12-05
ISBN : 1631578286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on his experience consulting on hundreds of industrial mega-projects, Jacoby reveals dark secrets of international supply chains for familiar products such as coffee, bottled water, gasoline, and electronic devices, and explains how government policies and business norms around the world have evolved to allow practices that can deplete natural resources, blight native landscapes, and tolerate inhumane working conditions. The book directly addresses controversial issues like climate change, carbon taxes, fracking, offshoring, urban sprawl, globalization, income inequality, regulation, corruption, compliance and enforcement, providing an informed basis for mapping the way forward. Rich in facts and deep with first-hand experiences from around the world, Jacoby challenges embedded thinking about growth and progress, convenience, comfort, and quality of life. The book proposes a bold and realistic new policy framework that is groundbreaking and achievable for industry, government, and consumers, and supports the plan with achievable metrics, targets, and accountabilities. While his first book promoted global supply chain optimization based on industry “best practices” and his second book fine-tuned the techniques for oil, gas, and power companies, Jacoby takes a holistic perspective in this third book, acknowledging and proposing solutions for the problems caused in part by these “optimized” global supply chains.