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Unimolecular Kinetics

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Unimolecular Kinetics

Unimolecular Kinetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-30
ISBN : 012816218X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unimolecular Kinetics: Part 2: Collisional Energy Transfer and the Master Equation, Volume 43 in Elsevier’s Comprehensive Molecular Kinetics series, addresses collision energy transfer and the effects it has on gas phase reactions, particularly at low gas density. Such systems include combustion, industrial gas phase processes and atmospheric/environmental processes. The book also discusses The Master Equation to give a good overview of the mechanics underpinning unimolecular kinetics. This new volume will be of interest to researchers investigating gas phase processes which involve unimolecular reactions and the related intermolecular reactions. Discusses collision energy transfer and the effects it has on gas phase reactions Introduces stochastic techniques to energy transfer methods, allowing for an extension of the unimolecular theory beyond simple molecular dissociation Draws an important connection between detailed reaction dynamic studies and the rate of coefficient determination

Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics

Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics Book
Author : Nicholas Green
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-11-21
ISBN : 9780080543444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unimolecular reactions are in principle the simplest chemical reactions, because they only involve one molecule. The basic mechanism, in which the competition between the chemical reaction step and a collisional deactivation leads to a pressure-dependent coefficient, has been understood for a long time. However, this is a rapidly developing field, and many new and important discoveries have been made in the past decade. This First Part Part of Two CCK Volumes dealing with Unimolecular Rections, deals with the Reaction Step. The first chapter is an introduction to the whole project, aiming to cover the material necessary to understand the content of the detailed chapters, as well as the history of the development of the area. Chapter 2 is a review of the modern view of the statistical theories, as embodied in the various forms of RRKM theory. Chapter 3 deals with the fully quantum mechanical view of reactive states as resonances. . Presents considerable advances in the field made during the last decade. . Treats both the statistical as well as the fully quantum mechanical view.

Kinetics of Ion Molecule Reactions

Kinetics of Ion Molecule Reactions Book
Author : Pierre J. Ausloos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461329310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The investigation of the elementary reactions of reactive intermediate species began about half a centruy ago with the advent of free radical kinetics as an active area of chemical research. In spite of the relatively greater ease of detection of a species carrying an electrical charge, and the fact that organic chemists had for decades postulated mechanisms involving ionic intermediates, the systematic study of the elementary reactions of ions was delayed for more than twenty years after the first beginnings of free radical kinetics. Even at this writing, in 1978, the word "kinetics" is considered by many chemists to be synomomous with "kinetics of neutral species". Yet in spite of the relatively late start and separation from the mainstream of kinetics, the field of ion physics and chemistry is fluorishing, and growing at an ever faster pace. Instrumentalists devise ever more sophisticated apparatuses with capabilities of delving into nearly every aspect of the interactions between ions and molecules. Even satellites orbiting the earth are now being used effectively to determine rate coefficients of ionospheric ion-neutral reactions, some of which can not as yet be measured in the laboratory.

The Chemical Dynamics and Kinetics of Small Radicals

The Chemical Dynamics and Kinetics of Small Radicals Book
Author : Kopin Liu,Albert Wagner
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9789810229832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights recent progress in the chemistry of radicals. Developments include the growing use of lasers to generate radicals, the application of lasers to provide state, angular, polarization, energy and real-time resolution in kinetics and dynamics experiments, the development of theories for handling the reactions of radicals, and the simulation of the reaction dynamics of increasingly larger systems for direct comparison to experimental results. The book emphasizes the increasing interaction between experimental dynamics, kinetics and theory. It is appropriate for chemistry graduate students and researchers about to enter the field. However, the discussions of some topics progress to a more advanced level so that even an expert will find the book useful.

The Chemical Dynamics and Kinetics of Small Radicals

The Chemical Dynamics and Kinetics of Small Radicals Book
Author : Kopin Liu,Albert Wagner
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1996-01-19
ISBN : 9814502030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'0Keywords:Kinetics;Chemical Dynamics;Molecular Beams;Radical Reactions;Photodissociation;Energy Transfer;Half-Collision Studies;Stereodynamics;Transition State Theory;Alignment Effects;Free Radical;Transition State;Potential Energy Surface;Hund''s Case;Doppler Effect;Orbital Alignment;Differential Cross Section;Vector Correlation;Collision ComplexCollision Complex'

Handbook of Biochemical Kinetics

Handbook of Biochemical Kinetics Book
Author : Daniel L. Purich,R. Donald Allison
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-10-26
ISBN : 9780080521930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biochemical kinetics refers to the rate at which a reaction takes place. Kinetic mechanisms have played a major role in defining the metabolic pathways, the mechanistic action of enzymes, and even the processing of genetic material. The Handbook of Biochemical Kinetics provides the "underlying scaffolding" of logic for kinetic approaches to distinguish rival models or mechanisms. The handbook also comments on techniques and their likely limitations and pitfalls, as well as derivations of fundamental rate equations that characterize biochemical processes. Key Features * Over 750 pages devoted to theory and techniques for studying enzymic and metabolic processes * Over 1,500 definitions of kinetic and mechanistic terminology, with key references * Practical advice on experimental design of kinetic experiments * Extended step-by-step methods for deriving rate equations * Over 1,000 enzymes, complete with EC numbers, reactions catalyzed, and references to reviews and/or assay methods * Over 5,000 selected references to kinetic methods appearing in the Methods in Enzymology series * 72-page Wordfinder that allows the reader to search by keywords * Summaries of mechanistic studies on key enzymes and protein systems * Over 250 diagrams, figures, tables, and structures

Theory and Applications of Computational Chemistry

Theory and Applications of Computational Chemistry Book
Author : Clifford Dykstra,Gernot Frenking,Kwang Kim,Gustavo Scuseria
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-13
ISBN : 0080456243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational chemistry is a means of applying theoretical ideas using computers and a set of techniques for investigating chemical problems within which common questions vary from molecular geometry to the physical properties of substances. Theory and Applications of Computational Chemistry: The First Forty Years is a collection of articles on the emergence of computational chemistry. It shows the enormous breadth of theoretical and computational chemistry today and establishes how theory and computation have become increasingly linked as methodologies and technologies have advanced. Written by the pioneers in the field, the book presents historical perspectives and insights into the subject, and addresses new and current methods, as well as problems and applications in theoretical and computational chemistry. Easy to read and packed with personal insights, technical and classical information, this book provides the perfect introduction for graduate students beginning research in this area. It also provides very readable and useful reviews for theoretical chemists. * Written by well-known leading experts * Combines history, personal accounts, and theory to explain much of the field of theoretical and compuational chemistry * Is the perfect introduction to the field

Kinetics of Multistep Reactions

Kinetics of Multistep Reactions Book
Author : Friedrich G. Helfferich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-09-15
ISBN : 9780080473185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses primarily the engineer in industrial process development, the research chemist in academia and industry, and the graduate student intending to become a reaction engineer. In industry, competitive pressures put a premium on scale-up by large factors to cut development time. To be safe, such development should be based on "fundamental" kinetics that reflect the elementary steps of which the reaction consists. The book forges fundamental kinetics into a practical tool by presenting new, effective methods for elucidation of mechanisms and reduction of complexity without unacceptable sacrifice in accuracy: fewer equations (lesser computational load), fewer coefficients (fewer experiment to determine them). For network elucidation, new rules relating network configurations to observable kinetic behaviour allow incorrect networks to be ruled out by whole classes instead of one by one. For modelling, general equations and algorithms are given from which equations for specific networks can be recovered by simple substitutions. The procedures are illustrated with examples of industrial reactions including, among others, paraffin oxidation, ethoxylation, hydroformylation, hydrocyanation, shape-selective catalysis, ethane pyrolysis, styrene polymerization, and ethene oligomerization. Many of the rate equations have not been published before. The expanded edition of the 2001 title, Kinetics of Homogeneous Multistep Reactions includes new chapters on heterogeneous catalysis and periodic and chaotic re-actions; new sections on adsorption, statistical methods, and lumping; and other new detail. * Contains new chapters on heterogeneous catalysis, oscillations and chaos * Includes new sections on statistical methods, lumping adsorption and software and databases * Provides a better understanding of complex reaction mechanisms

Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics

Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics Book
Author : Jeffrey I. Steinfeld,Joseph Salvadore Francisco,William L. Hase,William L.. Hase
Publisher : Pearson College Division
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text presents a balanced presentation of the macroscopic view of empirical kinetics and the microscopic molecular viewpoint of chemical dynamics. This second edition includes the latest information, as well as new topics such as heterogeneous reactions in atmospheric chemistry, reactant product imaging, and molecular dynamics of H + H2.

Dynamics and Mechanism of DNA Bending Proteins in Binding Site Recognition

Dynamics and Mechanism of DNA Bending Proteins in Binding Site Recognition Book
Author : Yogambigai Velmurugu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-29
ISBN : 3319451294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using a novel approach that combines high temporal resolution of the laser T-jump technique with unique sets of fluorescent probes, this study unveils previously unresolved DNA dynamics during search and recognition by an architectural DNA bending protein and two DNA damage recognition proteins. Many cellular processes involve special proteins that bind to specific DNA sites with high affinity. How these proteins recognize their sites while rapidly searching amidst ~3 billion nonspecific sites in genomic DNA remains an outstanding puzzle. Structural studies show that proteins severely deform DNA at specific sites and indicate that DNA deformability is a key factor in site-specific recognition. However, the dynamics of DNA deformations have been difficult to capture, thus obscuring our understanding of recognition mechanisms. The experiments presented in this thesis uncover, for the first time, rapid (~100-500 microseconds) DNA unwinding/bending attributed to nonspecific interrogation, prior to slower (~5-50 milliseconds) DNA kinking/bending/nucleotide-flipping during recognition. These results help illuminate how a searching protein interrogates DNA deformability and eventually “stumbles” upon its target site. Submillisecond interrogation may promote preferential stalling of the rapidly scanning protein at cognate sites, thus enabling site-recognition. Such multi-step search-interrogation-recognition processes through dynamic conformational changes may well be common to the recognition mechanisms for diverse DNA-binding proteins.

Unimolecular Kinetics

Unimolecular Kinetics Book
Author : N. J. B. Green
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Unimolecular Kinetics book written by N. J. B. Green, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

NBS Special Publication

NBS Special Publication Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NBS Special Publication book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards     Catalog Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Catalog of National Bureau of Standards Publications 1966 1976 pt 1 2 Key word index

Catalog of National Bureau of Standards Publications  1966 1976  pt  1 2  Key word index Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Catalog of National Bureau of Standards Publications 1966 1976 pt 1 2 Key word index book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Catalog of National Bureau of Standards Publications 1966 1976

Catalog of National Bureau of Standards Publications  1966 1976 Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Catalog of National Bureau of Standards Publications 1966 1976 book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Theory of Kinetics

The Theory of Kinetics Book
Author : R.G. Compton,C.H. Bamford,C.F.H. Tipper†
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444600701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Theory of Kinetics covers the practice and theory of kinetics and the kinetics of inorganic and organic reactions in gaseous and condensed phases and at interfaces. This text is composed of five chapters and starts with a review of the kinetic characterization of complex reaction systems. The succeeding chapter describes the formal and radical kinetics, as well as the energy factor in chain reactions. These topics are followed by a survey of the theory of the kinetics of elementary gas phase reactions and the unimolecular reaction of activated chemical species. The discussion then shifts to the general properties, reactions, and the theory of elementary reactions in solution. The last chapter examines the theory of kinetics of solid-state reactions. This book is of great value to physical, inorganic, and organic chemists.

Encyclopedia of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry Applications

Encyclopedia of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry  Applications Book
Author : Nicholas D. Spencer,John H. Moore
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780750308007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Encyclopedia of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry Applications book written by Nicholas D. Spencer,John H. Moore, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fiscal Year 1986 Department of Energy Authorization basic Research Programs

Fiscal Year 1986 Department of Energy Authorization  basic Research Programs  Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Energy Development and Applications
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fiscal Year 1986 Department of Energy Authorization basic Research Programs book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Energy Development and Applications, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Protein Folding Evolution and Design

Protein Folding  Evolution and Design Book
Author : Eugene I. Shakhnovich,R. A. Broglia,Guido Tiana
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781586031695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text presents the results of broad, interdisciplinary effort to study proteins in physical and evolutionary perpective. Among authors are physicists, computational, chemists, crystallographers and evolutionary biologists. Experimental and theoretical developments from molecules to cells are presented, providing a broad picture of modern biophysical chemistry.

Theoretical Mass Spectrometry

Theoretical Mass Spectrometry Book
Author : Kihyung Song,Riccardo Spezia
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-05-07
ISBN : 311043489X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses fragmentation mechanisms of molecules under mass spectrometry conditions and the resulting peaks observed in ESI-MS/MS experiments. The underlying principles are used to understand everything from small molecules to biological poly-peptides collision induced dissociation. In a theoretical approach, gas phase reactivity of molecular ions is coupled with chemical dynamics simulations.