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Concepts of Biology

Concepts of Biology Book
Author : Samantha Fowler,Rebecca Roush,James Wise
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-01-07
ISBN : 9789888407453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concepts of Biology is designed for the single-semester introduction to biology course for non-science majors, which for many students is their only college-level science course. As such, this course represents an important opportunity for students to develop the necessary knowledge, tools, and skills to make informed decisions as they continue with their lives. Rather than being mired down with facts and vocabulary, the typical non-science major student needs information presented in a way that is easy to read and understand. Even more importantly, the content should be meaningful. Students do much better when they understand why biology is relevant to their everyday lives. For these reasons, Concepts of Biology is grounded on an evolutionary basis and includes exciting features that highlight careers in the biological sciences and everyday applications of the concepts at hand.We also strive to show the interconnectedness of topics within this extremely broad discipline. In order to meet the needs of today's instructors and students, we maintain the overall organization and coverage found in most syllabi for this course. A strength of Concepts of Biology is that instructors can customize the book, adapting it to the approach that works best in their classroom. Concepts of Biology also includes an innovative art program that incorporates critical thinking and clicker questions to help students understand--and apply--key concepts.

The Dynamics of Living Systems

The Dynamics of Living Systems Book
Author : Thomas Lecuit
Publisher : Collège de France
Release : 2020-11-16
ISBN : 2722605600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How can we explain the fundamental paradox of living matter, which combines stability and robustness of form with constant internal dynamics? It is not only the genetic information contained in every cell, but also numerous stochastic biomolecular processes that are at work in morphogenesis. In addition, the shaping of an organism is driven by mechanical forces that operate within and between cells, across tissues and organs. The dynamics of morphogenesis is a self-organized process that emerges from biological control and physical constraints at all scales. Its study is currently bringing together a fast-growing interdisciplinary community that observes, analyses and models living organisms.

Systems and Synthetic Biology

Systems and Synthetic Biology Book
Author : Vikram Singh,Pawan K. Dhar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-15
ISBN : 9401795142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook has been conceptualized to provide a detailed description of the various aspects of Systems and Synthetic Biology, keeping the requirements of M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in mind. Also, it is hoped that this book will mentor young scientists who are willing to contribute to this area but do not know from where to begin. The book has been divided into two sections. The first section will deal with systems biology – in terms of the foundational understanding, highlighting issues in biological complexity, methods of analysis and various aspects of modelling. The second section deals with the engineering concepts, design strategies of the biological systems ranging from simple DNA/RNA fragments, switches and oscillators, molecular pathways to a complete synthetic cell will be described. Finally, the book will offer expert opinions in legal, safety, security and social issues to present a well-balanced information both for students and scientists.

Biology

Biology Book
Author : Oram,Raymond F. Oram
Publisher : Glencoe/McGraw-Hill School Publishing Company
Release : 1997-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biology text book that focus on the nature of biology, energy and the cell, The continuation of life, Evolutionary relationships, life functions of organisims, controlling living systems, and Interactions in the environment

Self Organization in Biological Systems

Self Organization in Biological Systems Book
Author : Scott Camazine,Jean-Louis Deneubourg,Nigel R. Franks,James Sneyd,Guy Theraula,Eric Bonabeau
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2020-05-26
ISBN : 0691212929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The synchronized flashing of fireflies at night. The spiraling patterns of an aggregating slime mold. The anastomosing network of army-ant trails. The coordinated movements of a school of fish. Researchers are finding in such patterns--phenomena that have fascinated naturalists for centuries--a fertile new approach to understanding biological systems: the study of self-organization. This book, a primer on self-organization in biological systems for students and other enthusiasts, introduces readers to the basic concepts and tools for studying self-organization and then examines numerous examples of self-organization in the natural world. Self-organization refers to diverse pattern formation processes in the physical and biological world, from sand grains assembling into rippled dunes to cells combining to create highly structured tissues to individual insects working to create sophisticated societies. What these diverse systems hold in common is the proximate means by which they acquire order and structure. In self-organizing systems, pattern at the global level emerges solely from interactions among lower-level components. Remarkably, even very complex structures result from the iteration of surprisingly simple behaviors performed by individuals relying on only local information. This striking conclusion suggests important lines of inquiry: To what degree is environmental rather than individual complexity responsible for group complexity? To what extent have widely differing organisms adopted similar, convergent strategies of pattern formation? How, specifically, has natural selection determined the rules governing interactions within biological systems? Broad in scope, thorough yet accessible, this book is a self-contained introduction to self-organization and complexity in biology--a field of study at the forefront of life sciences research.

Information Processing and Living Systems

Information Processing and Living Systems Book
Author : Vladimir B Bajic,Tan Tin Wee
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2005-06-01
ISBN : 1783260270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Information processing and information flow occur in the course of an organism's development and throughout its lifespan. Organisms do not exist in isolation, but interact with each other constantly within a complex ecosystem. The relationships between organisms, such as those between prey or predator, host and parasite, and between mating partners, are complex and multidimensional. In all cases, there is constant communication and information flow at many levels. This book focuses on information processing by life forms and the use of information technology in understanding them. Readers are first given a comprehensive overview of biocomputing before navigating the complex terrain of natural processing of biological information using physiological and analogous computing models. The remainder of the book deals with “artificial” processing of biological information as a human endeavor in order to derive new knowledge and gain insight into life forms and their functioning. Specific innovative applications and tools for biological discovery are provided as the link and complement to biocomputing. Since “artificial” processing of biological information is complementary to natural processing, a better understanding of the former helps us improve the latter. Consequently, readers are exposed to both domains and, when dealing with biological problems of their interest, will be better equipped to grasp relevant ideas. Contents:A Multi-Disciplinary Survey of Biocomputing: Molecular and Cellular LevelsA Multi-Disciplinary Survey of Biocomputing: Systems and Evolutionary Levels, and Technological ApplicationsModels for Complex Eukaryotic Regulatory DNA SequencesAn Algorithm for Ab Initio DNA Motif DetectionDetecting Molecular Evidence of Positive Darwinian SelectionMolecular Phylogenetic Analysis: Understanding Genome EvolutionConstructing Biological Networks of Protein–Protein InteractionsComputational Modelling of Gene Regulatory NetworksOverview of Text-Mining in Life SciencesIntegrated Prognostic Profiles: Combining Clinical and Gene Expression Information through Evolving Connectionist ApproachDatabases on Gene RegulationOn the Search of Better Validation and Statistical Methods in Microarray Data AnalysisInformation Extraction from Dynamic Biological Web SourcesComputer Aided Design of Signaling NetworksAnalysis of DNA Sequences: Hunting for GenesBiological Databases and Web Services: Metrics for Quality Readership: Researchers in academia and industry; university students at all levels in biocomputing and bioinformatics. Key Features:Contains a systematic and comprehensive survey of biocomputing not existing in the current literatureProvides a broad overview of bioinformatics with a number of novel bioinformatics applications that illustrate some of the principles of biocomputingA unique source of information on the biological/physiological background on the biological “computing” processes that are performed in living systems, including higher cognitive processesShows how some of these computing examples in biology have found their way into useful computing applications such as genetic algorithmsKeywords:Biocomputing;Bioinformatics;Computational Biology

The Physics of Living Systems

The Physics of Living Systems Book
Author : Fabrizio Cleri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-08
ISBN : 3319306472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, physics in its many aspects (thermodynamics, mechanics, electricity, fluid dynamics) is the guiding light on a fascinating journey through biological systems, providing ideas, examples and stimulating reflections for undergraduate physics, chemistry and life-science students, as well as for anyone interested in the frontiers between physics and biology. Rather than introducing a lot of new information, it encourages young students to use their recently acquired knowledge to start seeing the physics behind the biology. As an undergraduate textbook in introductory biophysics, it includes the necessary background and tools, including exercises and appendices, to form a progressive course. In this case, the chapters can be used in the order proposed, possibly split between two semesters. The book is also an absorbing read for researchers in the life sciences who wish to refresh or go deeper into the physics concepts gleaned in their early years of scientific training. Less physics-oriented readers might want to skip the first chapter, as well as all the "gray boxes" containing the more formal developments, and create their own á-la-carte menu of chapters.

Information and Living Systems

Information and Living Systems Book
Author : George Terzis,Robert Arp
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2011-04-15
ISBN : 026229513X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The informational nature of biological organization, at levels from the genetic and epigenetic to the cognitive and linguistic. Information shapes biological organization in fundamental ways and at every organizational level. Because organisms use information—including DNA codes, gene expression, and chemical signaling—to construct, maintain, repair, and replicate themselves, it would seem only natural to use information-related ideas in our attempts to understand the general nature of living systems, the causality by which they operate, the difference between living and inanimate matter, and the emergence, in some biological species, of cognition, emotion, and language. And yet philosophers and scientists have been slow to do so. This volume fills that gap. Information and Living Systems offers a collection of original chapters in which scientists and philosophers discuss the informational nature of biological organization at levels ranging from the genetic to the cognitive and linguistic. The chapters examine not only familiar information-related ideas intrinsic to the biological sciences but also broader information-theoretic perspectives used to interpret their significance. The contributors represent a range of disciplines, including anthropology, biology, chemistry, cognitive science, information theory, philosophy, psychology, and systems theory, thus demonstrating the deeply interdisciplinary nature of the volume's bioinformational theme.

Biological Processes in Living Systems

Biological Processes in Living Systems Book
Author : C. H. Waddington
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-08
ISBN : 1351297155
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Processes in Living Systems is the fourth and final volume of the Toward a Theoretical Biology series. It contains essays that deal in detail with particular biological processes: morphogenesis of pattern, the development of neuronal networks, evolutionary processes, and others. The main thrust of this volume brings relevance to the general underlying nature of living systems. Faced with trying to understand how the complexity of molecular microstates leads to the relative simplicity of phenome structures, Waddington-on behalf of his colleagues-stresses on the structure of language as a paradigm for a theory of general biology. This is language in an imperative mood: a set of symbols, organized by some form of generative grammar, making possible the conveyance of commands for action to produce effects on the surroundings of the emitting and the receiving entities. "Biology," he writes, "is concerned with algorithm and program." Among the contributions in this volume are: "The Riemann-Hugoniot Catastrophe and van der Waals Equation," David H. Fowler; "Differential Equations for the Heartbeat and Nerve Impulse," E. Christopher Zeeman; "Structuralism and Biology," Rene Thom; "The Concept of Positional Information and Pattern Formation," Lewis Wolpert; "Pattern Formation in Fibroblast Cultures," Tom Elsdale; "Form and Information," C. H. Waddington; "Organizational Principles for Theoretical Neurophysiology," Michael A. Arbib; "Stochastic Models of Neuroelectric Activity," Jack D. Cowan. Biological Processes in Living Systems is a pioneering volume by recognized leaders in an ever-growing field.

Physical Models of Living Systems

Physical Models of Living Systems Book
Author : Philip Nelson
Publisher : Macmillan Higher Education
Release : 2015-03-06
ISBN : 1319036902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for intermediate-level undergraduates pursuing any science or engineering major, Physical Models of Living Systems helps students develop many of the competencies that form the basis of the new MCAT2015. The only prerequisite is first-year physics. With the more advanced "Track-2" sections at the end of each chapter, the book can be used in graduate-level courses as well.

Energy and Information Transfer in Biological Systems

Energy and Information Transfer in Biological Systems Book
Author : Francesco Musumeci,Larissa S Brizhik,Mae-Wan Ho
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2003-06-13
ISBN : 9814485640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains papers based on the workshop “Energy and Information Transfer in Biological Systems: How Physics Could Enrich Biological Understanding”, held in Italy in 2002. The meeting was a forum aimed at evaluating the potential and outlooks of a modern physics approach to understanding and describing biological processes, especially regarding the transition from the microscopic chemical scenario to the macroscopic functional configurations of living matter. In this frame some leading researchers presented and discussed several basic topics, such as the photon interaction with biological systems also from the viewpoint of photon information processes and of possible applications; the influence of electromagnetic fields on the self-organization of biosystems including the nonlinear mechanism for energy transfer and storage; and the influence of the structure of water on the properties of biological matter. Contents:Soliton Mechanism of Charge, Energy and Information Transfer in Biosystems (L Brizhik)Delayed Luminescence and Motional Harmonicity (L Cordone et al.)62 AMEV Proton Beam for the Treatment of Ocular Melanoma at LNS — INFN (G Cuttone et al.)Search for Quantum and Classical Modes of Information Processing in Microtubules: Implications for “the Living State” (S Hameroff et al.)From ‘Molecular Machines’ to Coherent Organisms (M-W Ho)On the Physics of Ultraweak Bioluminescence and Intercellular Photon Signaling (V S Letokhov & A L Dobryakov)Nonlinearity in Biological Systems: How Can Physics Help? (A A Marino & C Frilot)Life as a Fourth Level of Quantum Organization of Nature (S P Sit'ko)Concept of Photon Storage Capacity in Cell Biology (R van Wijk)and other papers Readership: Graduate students and researchers in physics and biology. Keywords:Biophysics;Delayed Luminescence;Consciousness;Structure of Water;Electromagnetic Field and Biology;Nonlinearity in Biological Systems;Solitons in Biological Systems;Information and Life

A New Biology for the 21st Century

A New Biology for the 21st Century Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-11-20
ISBN : 9780309147866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now more than ever, biology has the potential to contribute practical solutions to many of the major challenges confronting the United States and the world. A New Biology for the 21st Century recommends that a "New Biology" approach--one that depends on greater integration within biology, and closer collaboration with physical, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to find solutions to four key societal needs: sustainable food production, ecosystem restoration, optimized biofuel production, and improvement in human health. The approach calls for a coordinated effort to leverage resources across the federal, private, and academic sectors to help meet challenges and improve the return on life science research in general.

The Web of Life

The Web of Life Book
Author : Fritjof Capra
Publisher : Doubleday
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents an innovative view of the interrelationships of psychological, biological, and social phenomena, synthesizing the latest alternative theories of evolution and physics

The Systems View of Life

The Systems View of Life Book
Author : Fritjof Capra,Pier Luigi Luisi
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-04-10
ISBN : 1107011361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first volume to integrate life's biological, cognitive, social, and ecological dimensions into a single, coherent framework.

An Introduction to Systems Biology

An Introduction to Systems Biology Book
Author : Uri Alon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-12
ISBN : 1000001326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Praise for the first edition: ... superb, beautifully written and organized work that takes an engineering approach to systems biology. Alon provides nicely written appendices to explain the basic mathematical and biological concepts clearly and succinctly without interfering with the main text. He starts with a mathematical description of transcriptional activation and then describes some basic transcription-network motifs (patterns) that can be combined to form larger networks. – Nature [This text deserves] serious attention from any quantitative scientist who hopes to learn about modern biology ... It assumes no prior knowledge of or even interest in biology ... One final aspect that must be mentioned is the wonderful set of exercises that accompany each chapter. ... Alon’s book should become a standard part of the training of graduate students. – Physics Today Written for students and researchers, the second edition of this best-selling textbook continues to offer a clear presentation of design principles that govern the structure and behavior of biological systems. It highlights simple, recurring circuit elements that make up the regulation of cells and tissues. Rigorously classroom-tested, this edition includes new chapters on exciting advances made in the last decade. Features: Includes seven new chapters The new edition has 189 exercises, the previous edition had 66 Offers new examples relevant to human physiology and disease

Experiences in the Biocontinuum

Experiences in the Biocontinuum Book
Author : Richard L. Summers
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2020-08-10
ISBN : 1527557898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The central question in the biological sciences for the past 100 years has concerned an understanding of how living systems differ from other general physical phenomena and what makes these systems unique. With new developments in the fields of nonequilibrium thermodynamics, systems theory, chaos, and information theory over the past few decades, there has been growing interest in finally answering the question first posed by Erwin Schrödinger in the 1940s concerning the true scientific nature of living systems. Similarly, there is also increasing interest within the biologic community for a more holistic and non-reductionist methodology. The approach followed in this book builds on a foundation of information theory and semiotics while integrating basic thermodynamic considerations and systems theory to form a singular unifying concept that is proposed to be the essential process of living systems. However, the premise presented is much more than simply the exposition of a new hypothesis. This book describes the logical progression of thought incorporating a diverse array of established scientific ideas that were used in the conceptualization of a dynamic mathematical framework that can be employed as a novel analytic means for the study of living systems and their fundamental processes.

Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life Sciences

Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life Sciences Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Committee on Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2010-03-25
ISBN : 0309147514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditionally, the natural sciences have been divided into two branches: the biological sciences and the physical sciences. Today, an increasing number of scientists are addressing problems lying at the intersection of the two. These problems are most often biological in nature, but examining them through the lens of the physical sciences can yield exciting results and opportunities. For example, one area producing effective cross-discipline research opportunities centers on the dynamics of systems. Equilibrium, multistability, and stochastic behavior-concepts familiar to physicists and chemists-are now being used to tackle issues associated with living systems such as adaptation, feedback, and emergent behavior. Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life Sciences discusses how some of the most important scientific and societal challenges can be addressed, at least in part, by collaborative research that lies at the intersection of traditional disciplines, including biology, chemistry, and physics. This book describes how some of the mysteries of the biological world are being addressed using tools and techniques developed in the physical sciences, and identifies five areas of potentially transformative research. Work in these areas would have significant impact in both research and society at large by expanding our understanding of the physical world and by revealing new opportunities for advancing public health, technology, and stewardship of the environment. This book recommends several ways to accelerate such cross-discipline research. Many of these recommendations are directed toward those administering the faculties and resources of our great research institutions-and the stewards of our research funders, making this book an excellent resource for academic and research institutions, scientists, universities, and federal and private funding agencies.

Humans as Self Constructing Living Systems

Humans as Self Constructing Living Systems Book
Author : Martin E. Ford,Donald H. Ford
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-03-04
ISBN : 0429655657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1987, the purpose of this companion volume to Donald Ford’s (1987) Humans as Self-Constructing Living Systems: A Developmental Perspective on Personality and Behavior was to illustrate the potential utility of the Living Systems Framework (LSF) for stimulating new theoretical advances, for guiding research on human behavior and development, and for facilitating the work of the health and human service professions. Although not exactly a "how to" manual, it does provide many concrete examples of how and when the framework can be used to guide scholarly and professional activities. It also provides a concise overview of the framework itself that can help those who have read the theoretical volume refresh their memory, and assist those who have not, in understanding the basic concepts of the LSF and in deciding whether and how the framework might be useful to them.

African Environmental and Human Security in the 21st Century

African Environmental and Human Security in the 21st Century Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Cambria Press
Release : 2023-01-27
ISBN : 1621969908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download African Environmental and Human Security in the 21st Century book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Principles of Biology

Principles of Biology Book
Author : Lisa Bartee,Walter Shiner,Catherine Creech
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781636350417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Principles of Biology sequence (BI 211, 212 and 213) introduces biology as a scientific discipline for students planning to major in biology and other science disciplines. Laboratories and classroom activities introduce techniques used to study biological processes and provide opportunities for students to develop their ability to conduct research.