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Energy and Information Transfer in Biological Systems

Energy and Information Transfer in Biological Systems Book
Author : Larissa S. Brizhik,Francesco Musumeci,Mae-Wan Ho
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9789812705181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains papers based on the workshop OC Energy and Information Transfer in Biological Systems: How Physics Could Enrich Biological UnderstandingOCO, held in Italy in 2002. The meeting was a forum aimed at evaluating the potential and outlooks of a modern physics approach to understanding and describing biological processes, especially regarding the transition from the microscopic chemical scenario to the macroscopic functional configurations of living matter. In this frame some leading researchers presented and discussed several basic topics, such as the photon interaction with biological systems also from the viewpoint of photon information processes and of possible applications; the influence of electromagnetic fields on the self-organization of biosystems including the nonlinear mechanism for energy transfer and storage; and the influence of the structure of water on the properties of biological matter."

The Web of Life

The Web of Life Book
Author : Fritjof Capra
Publisher : HarperPerennial
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780006547518
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Capra argues that at the end of the 20th century we are shifting away from the mechanistic world of Descartes and Newton to a holistic, ecological view. He establishes patterns between ideas from such diverse fields as Buddhism and quantum physics.

A Quest Towards a Mathematical Theory of Living Systems

A Quest Towards a Mathematical Theory of Living Systems Book
Author : Nicola Bellomo,Abdelghani Bellouquid,Livio Gibelli,Nisrine Outada
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2017-07-21
ISBN : 9783319574356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph aims to lay the groundwork for the design of a unified mathematical approach to the modeling and analysis of large, complex systems composed of interacting living things. Drawing on twenty years of research in various scientific fields, it explores how mathematical kinetic theory and evolutionary game theory can be used to understand the complex interplay between mathematical sciences and the dynamics of living systems. The authors hope this will contribute to the development of new tools and strategies, if not a new mathematical theory. The first chapter discusses the main features of living systems and outlines a strategy for their modeling. The following chapters then explore some of the methods needed to potentially achieve this in practice. Chapter Two provides a brief introduction to the mathematical kinetic theory of classical particles, with special emphasis on the Boltzmann equation; the Enskog equation, mean field models, and Monte Carlo methods are also briefly covered. Chapter Three uses concepts from evolutionary game theory to derive mathematical structures that are able to capture the complexity features of interactions within living systems. The book then shifts to exploring the relevant applications of these methods that can potentially be used to derive specific, usable models. The modeling of social systems in various contexts is the subject of Chapter Five, and an overview of modeling crowd dynamics is given in Chapter Six, demonstrating how this approach can be used to model the dynamics of multicellular systems. The final chapter considers some additional applications before presenting an overview of open problems. The authors then offer their own speculations on the conceptual paths that may lead to a mathematical theory of living systems hoping to motivate future research activity in the field. A truly unique contribution to the existing literature, A Quest Toward a Mathematical Theory of Living Systems is an important book that will no doubt have a significant influence on the future directions of the field. It will be of interest to mathematical biologists, systems biologists, biophysicists, and other researchers working on understanding the complexities of living systems.

Mathematical Models and Methods for Living Systems

Mathematical Models and Methods for Living Systems Book
Author : Luigi Preziosi,Pasquale Ciarletta,Thomas Hillen,Hans Othmer,Dumitru Trucu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-21
ISBN : 9783319426785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of these lecture notes is to give an introduction to several mathematical models and methods that can be used to describe the behaviour of living systems. This emerging field of application intrinsically requires the handling of phenomena occurring at different spatial scales and hence the use of multiscale methods.Modelling and simulating the mechanisms that cells use to move, self-organise and develop in tissues is not only fundamental to an understanding of embryonic development, but is also relevant in tissue engineering and in other environmental and industrial processes involving the growth and homeostasis of biological systems. Growth and organization processes are also important in many tissue degeneration and regeneration processes, such as tumour growth, tissue vascularization, heart and muscle functionality, and cardio-vascular diseases.

African Environmental and Human Security in the 21st Century

African Environmental and Human Security in the 21st Century Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Cambria Press
Release : 2021-12-09
ISBN : 1621969908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download African Environmental and Human Security in the 21st Century book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Humans as Self Constructing Living Systems

Humans as Self Constructing Living Systems Book
Author : Martin E. Ford,Donald H. Ford
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-03-04
ISBN : 0429655657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1987, the purpose of this companion volume to Donald Ford’s (1987) Humans as Self-Constructing Living Systems: A Developmental Perspective on Personality and Behavior was to illustrate the potential utility of the Living Systems Framework (LSF) for stimulating new theoretical advances, for guiding research on human behavior and development, and for facilitating the work of the health and human service professions. Although not exactly a "how to" manual, it does provide many concrete examples of how and when the framework can be used to guide scholarly and professional activities. It also provides a concise overview of the framework itself that can help those who have read the theoretical volume refresh their memory, and assist those who have not, in understanding the basic concepts of the LSF and in deciding whether and how the framework might be useful to them.

Living Systems Evolving Consciousness and the Emerging Person

Living Systems  Evolving Consciousness  and the Emerging Person Book
Author : Louis Sander
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-05-22
ISBN : 1136871578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of previously published papers can be viewed as a story of the gradual emergence of an overarching idea through the course of a life’s work. The idea concerns the way emerging knowledge of developmental processes, biological systems, and therapeutic process can be integrated in terms of basic principles that govern the living system as an ongoing creative process – a process in which there is a continuing impetus, both energizing and motivational, that moves the living system toward an enhanced coherence in its engagement with its surround as it achieves an ever-increasing inclusiveness of complexity. The papers have been selected in a roughly chronological order from a career of early developmental research within the background of psychoanalytic thinking. The biological underpinnings of psychoanalysis can be extended by systems thinking. Our notions of the evolution of consciousness can also be extended from this simple level of a neural machinery essential for adaptation and survival to the capacity for the awareness of one’s own inner state within the flow of one’s engagement with one’s surround. From this enrichment of inner experiencing through evolving self-awareness, the unique organization of the "person" emerges within the developmental process – from expectancies and emotions, to values, meaning, purpose, goals, and "direction". The title of the book has been chosen to capture this sequence. Further evolution of conscious organization will enable the human species to achieve the state of being "together-with" and yet "distinct-from" as the system as a whole, on a wider, more global level, gains increasing coherence as it complexity increases. Hopefully, the implications of this idea will emerge in the reader’s thinking, as the chapters move from the level of adaptation to recognition.

Imaging Life

Imaging Life Book
Author : Gary C. Howard,William E. Brown,Manfred Auer
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014-07-30
ISBN : 0199718172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides an overview of a variety of approaches to biological image analysis, which allow for the study of living organisms at all levels of complexity and organization. These organisms range from individual macromolecules to subcellular and cellular volumes, tissues and microbial communities. Such a "systems biology" understanding of life requires the combination of a variety of imaging techniques, and with it an in-depth understanding of their respective strengths and limitations, as well as their intersection with other techniques. Howard, Brown, and Auer show us that the integration of these imaging techniques will allow us to overcome the reductionist approach to biology that dominated the twentieth century, which was aimed at examining the physical and chemical properties of life's constituents, one macromolecule at a time. However, while based on the laws of physics and chemistry, life is not simply a set of chemical reactions and physical forces; it features an exquisite spatiotemporal organization that allows an inconceivably large number of chemical processes to coexist, refined by billions of years of evolutionary experimentation. And yet, many fundamental questions remain largely unanswered; Imaging Life argues that we are just now beginning to address the spatiotemporal organizational component of living processes. "Imaging" is needed in order to reveal the spatiotemporal relationships between components, and thus to understand organizational guiding principles of living systems. Only through imaging will we be able to decipher the mechanisms and the marvelous organization that enable and sustain the mystery of life. Imaging Life shows us how biology is beginning to do just that.

Nonlinearity in Living Systems Theoretical and Practical Perspectives on Metrics of Physiological Signal Complexity

Nonlinearity in Living Systems  Theoretical and Practical Perspectives on Metrics of Physiological Signal Complexity Book
Author : Sladjana Spasić,Srdjan Kesić
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-06-28
ISBN : 2889458946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The biological basis of physiological signals is incredibly complex. While many types of research certainly appreciate molecular, cellular and systems approach to unravel overall biological complexity, in the recent decades the interest for mathematical and computational characterization of structural and functional basis underlying biological phenomena gain wide popularity among scientists. Nowadays, we witnessed wide range applications of nonlinear quantitative analysis that produced measures such as fractal dimension, power-law scaling, Hurst exponent, Lyapunov exponent, approximate entropy, sample entropy, Lempel–Ziv complexity, as well as other metrics for predictions of onset and progression of many pathological conditions, especially in the central nervous systems (CNS). In this Research Topic, we seek to bring together the recent practical and theoretical advances in the development and application of nonlinear methods or narrower fractal-based methods for characterizing the complex physiological systems at multiple levels of the organization. We will discuss the use of various complexity measures and appropriate parameters for characterizing the variety of physiological signals up to the systems level. There are multiple aims in this topic. The recent advancement in the application of nonlinear methods for both normal and pathological physiological conditions is the first. The second aim is to emphasize the more recent successful attempt to apply these methods across animal species. Finally, a comprehensive understanding of advantages and disadvantages of each method, especially between its mathematical assumptions and real-world applicability, can help to find out what is at stake regarding the above aims and to direct us toward the more fruitful application of nonlinear measures and statistics in physiology and biology in general.

The Physics of Proteins

The Physics of Proteins Book
Author : Hans Frauenfelder
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-05-30
ISBN : 1441910441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides an introduction to the structure and function of biomolecules --- especially proteins --- and the physical tools used to investigate them The discussion concentrates on physical tools and properties, emphasizing techniques that are contributing to new developments and avoiding those that are already well established and whose results have already been exploited fully New tools appear regularly - synchrotron radiation, proton radiology, holography, optical tweezers, and muon radiography, for example, have all been used to open new areas of understanding

A Living Systems Theory of Vocational Behavior and Development

A Living Systems Theory of Vocational Behavior and Development Book
Author : Fred W. Vondracek,Donald H. Ford,Erik J. Porfeli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-03
ISBN : 9462096627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Living Systems Theory of Vocational Behavior and Development (LSVD) explains and illustrates the processes by which individuals construct their work experiences, vocational pathways and career patterns through episodes of interaction with affordances they recognize within their contexts, and how counseling can facilitate those processes. The LSVD was created by combining the scientifically based systems theory that explicates the dynamics of all aspects of human functioning and development, called Humans as Self-Constructing Living Systems, with important ideas about vocational behavior and development. The resulting integrative theory represents the individual person as a dynamic, self-directing and self-constructing entity, i.e., a living system. Behavior Episodes (BEs) are the fundamental, person-in-context, dynamic units of analysis that serve as the “building blocks” by which individuals construct and retain their experiences in patterns that can be reactivated to facilitate future BEs. The book describes how individuals’ history of satisfying BEs and their current activities provide the means by which vocational and career counselors can assist them to create satisfying vocational pathways. It also describes for researchers how new, non-linear, person-centered, quantitative and qualitative research methods can be used to analyze BE patterns to advance understanding of person-level processes that play key roles in individuals’ vocational behavior and development. The LSVD was designed to be not just an integrative framework for the field of career development, but also to reconnect the field to related areas such as human resources and industrial-organizational psychology and to the range of human sciences that have already embraced a living systems theoretical model.

Understanding Living Systems

Understanding Living Systems Book
Author : Jean Clairambault,Damien Giacchero,Jean-Francois Mascari,Remy Tuyeras
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9780128219515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding Living Systems presents an integrated approach covering mathematics, physics, computer science, biology and medicine. Modelling approaches to living systems range between a top-down (differential equations) and a bottom-up (agent-based) models. Recently, computational modelling has been proposed as an intermediate level approach. This promising approach needs further improvements in order to deal in particular with the modularity of the representation of complex interactions. For that purpose, the authors present a new framework based on Higher Order Category Theory allowing modelling the physiological, pathological and repaired structure dynamics and evolution of living systems via a Categorification Modelling Approach: dynamics as modifications of structure, and evolution as modifications of dynamics. In the novel approach presented in Understanding Living Systems, the physiological structure is modelled at the level of n-categories (n-categories, n-functors, n-natural transformations, n-adjunctions etc.), the dynamics is modelled at the level of (n+h)-categories, and the evolution is modelled at the level of (n+h+k)categories. The pathological structure is modelled at the level of n-categories (n+n')-categories, the pathological repaired dynamics is modelled at the level of (n+n' + h+h')-categories and the pathological evolution is modelled at the level of (n+n' + h+ h' + k+k')-categories. The repaired structure is modelled at the level of n-categories (n+n'+n”)-categories, the repaired dynamics is modelled at the level of (n+n'+n” + h+h'+h”)-categories and the repaired evolution is modelled at the level of (n+n'+n” + h+h'+h” + k+k'+k”)categories. This new approach advances the field of computational modeling for biomedical engineers, computer scientists, physicians, and mathematical researchers. Presents the principles and methods of modelling living systems to provide a solid foundation for understanding the field Discusses symmetries and categorical modelling in fields such molecular biology, genetics and epigenetics, homeostatis and immune response, as well as the biomedical engineering applications of the models in these various areas Provides complete coverage of biomedical interaction networks in fields such as Psycho-Neuro-Endocrine-Immune interactions, neurons and brain categorical interactions, as well as natural and enatural interatcions, along with the biomedical engineering applications of the models in these various areas

Robustness and Evolvability in Living Systems

Robustness and Evolvability in Living Systems Book
Author : Andreas Wagner
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2013-10-24
ISBN : 1400849381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All living things are remarkably complex, yet their DNA is unstable, undergoing countless random mutations over generations. Despite this instability, most animals do not grow two heads or die, plants continue to thrive, and bacteria continue to divide. Robustness and Evolvability in Living Systems tackles this perplexing paradox. The book explores why genetic changes do not cause organisms to fail catastrophically and how evolution shapes organisms' robustness. Andreas Wagner looks at this problem from the ground up, starting with the alphabet of DNA, the genetic code, RNA, and protein molecules, moving on to genetic networks and embryonic development, and working his way up to whole organisms. He then develops an evolutionary explanation for robustness. Wagner shows how evolution by natural selection preferentially finds and favors robust solutions to the problems organisms face in surviving and reproducing. Such robustness, he argues, also enhances the potential for future evolutionary innovation. Wagner also argues that robustness has less to do with organisms having plenty of spare parts (the redundancy theory that has been popular) and more to do with the reality that mutations can change organisms in ways that do not substantively affect their fitness. Unparalleled in its field, this book offers the most detailed analysis available of all facets of robustness within organisms. It will appeal not only to biologists but also to engineers interested in the design of robust systems and to social scientists concerned with robustness in human communities and populations.

Information Processing and Living Systems

Information Processing and Living Systems Book
Author : Vladimir B. Bajić,Tin Wee Tan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2005
ISBN : 1860945635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Information processing and information flow occur in the course of an organism's development and throughout its lifespan. Organisms do not exist in isolation, but interact with each other constantly within a complex ecosystem. The relationships between organisms, such as those between prey or predator, host and parasite, and between mating partners, are complex and multidimensional. In all cases, there is constant communication and information flow at many levels.This book focuses on information processing by life forms and the use of information technology in understanding them. Readers are first given a comprehensive overview of biocomputing before navigating the complex terrain of natural processing of biological information using physiological and analogous computing models. The remainder of the book deals with "artificial" processing of biological information as a human endeavor in order to derive new knowledge and gain insight into life forms and their functioning. Specific innovative applications and tools for biological discovery are provided as the link and complement to biocomputing.Since "artificial" processing of biological information is complementary to natural processing, a better understanding of the former helps us improve the latter. Consequently, readers are exposed to both domains and, when dealing with biological problems of their interest, will be better equipped to grasp relevant ideas.

Capitalizing on New Needs and New Opportunities

Capitalizing on New Needs and New Opportunities Book
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-01-11
ISBN : 9780309170024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report addresses a topic of recognized policy concern. To capture the benefits of substantial U.S. investments in biomedical R&D, parallel investments in a wide range of seemingly unrelated disciplines are also required. This report summarizes a major conference that reviewed our nation’s R&D support for biotechnology and information technologies. The volume includes newly commissioned research and makes recommendations and findings concerning the important relationship between information technologies and biotechnology. It emphasizes the fall off in R&D investments needed to sustain the growth of the U.S. economy and to capitalize on the growing investment in biomedicine. It also encourages greater support for inter-disciplinary training to support new areas such as bioinformatics and urges more emphasis on and support for multi-disciplinary research centers.

Understanding Systems A Grand Challenge For 21st Century Engineering

Understanding Systems  A Grand Challenge For 21st Century Engineering Book
Author : Insana Michael F,Ghaboussi Jamshid
Publisher : #N/A
Release : 2017-07-19
ISBN : 9813225971
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our book presents a unique and original viewpoint on natural and engineered systems. The authors' goal is to propose and explain core principles that govern the formation and function of simple and complex systems. Examples are drawn from a broad range of topics from common materials and manufactured structures to the behavior of cells, organisms and socio-economic organizations. We provide a technical discussion of key engineering principles without the use of mathematics so that we may describe for a general audience how the systems of daily life form, operate, and evolve. We use analogy and illustrations to show how the components self-organize and scale to form complex adaptive systems. In this way we hope to understand how those systems come to be, achieve stability, and suddenly transition to new equilibrium states, including the sudden onset of economic recessions, ecosystem collapse, the evolution of species, development of cancer, and other wide-ranging topics. The existential role of component variability in these processes is emphasized. This book targets engineering instructors and undergraduate students curious to explore the grand challenges facing society today so they might build productive and long-lasting careers in science and technology. The six essays can be used to frame classroom discussions on systems from a broad range of disciplines. The essays are designed to appeal to those with a basic science and engineering background as we illustrate many fundamental engineering concepts in our descriptions of system behavior. We also hope our book appeals to curious members of the general public who are interested in understanding foundational ideas.

Systems Biology

Systems Biology Book
Author : Fred Boogerd,Frank J. Bruggeman,Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr,H.V. Westerhoff
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-03-20
ISBN : 9780080475271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Systems biology is a vigorous and expanding discipline, in many ways a successor to genomics and perhaps unprecedented in its combination of biology with a great many other sciences, from physics to ecology, from mathematics to medicine, and from philosophy to chemistry. Studying the philosophical foundations of systems biology may resolve a longer standing issue, i.e., the extent to which Biology is entitled to its own scientific foundations rather than being dominated by existing philosophies. * Answers the question of what distinguishes the living from the non-living * An in-depth look to a vigorous and expanding discipline, from molecule to system * Explores the region between individual components and the system

Innovation

Innovation Book
Author : LTL (Leader to Leader)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-04-03
ISBN : 1118587081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovation is necessary for creating a bright, competitive future.In this collection, you’ll find important insights oninnovation drawn from the pages of the award-winning publicationLeader to Leader. Written by some of the country’s topthought leaders, including Clayton M. Christensen, Margaret J.Wheatley, and Gary Hamel, this collection makes innovation comealive in new and surprising ways. Focusing on different aspects and approaches of innovation, itdelivers practical knowledge and advice that can mean thedifference in your innovation efforts. Each article is packedwith information backed by research and real-world examples andsuccess stories. As a whole, you’ll learn how innovation isaccomplished, and specifically: • How companies can learn innovation from the arts • What innovation really is, and how it can bere-imagined • How business model innovation needs to become asystematic, manageable process • How the new world of work operates, in an“open” environment • How to create a safe-space innovation zone • How to find innovation opportunities where disciplinesintersect • How to make your organization capable of innovation inresources, processes, and values • And more.

Biological Systems

Biological Systems Book
Author : Jacques Ricard
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9781608058136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The exponential increase in computing power in the late twentieth century has allowed researchers to gather, process and analyze large volumes of information and construct rational paradigms of systems. Life sciences are no exception and computing advances have led to the birth of fields such as functional genomics and bioinformatics and facilitated an expansion of our understanding of biological systems. Biological Systems: Complexity and Artificial Life is an essential primer on systems biology for biologists and researchers having a multidisciplinary background. The volume covers a variety of theoretical models explaining biological processes. The book starts with an introductory chapter on the classical molecular biology paradigm and progresses towards concepts related to enzyme kinetics, non equilibrium dynamics, cellular thermodynamics, molecular motion in cells and more. The book concludes with a philosophical note on the concept of the biological system.

Genome Refactoring

Genome Refactoring Book
Author : Natalie Kuldell,Neal Lerner
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2009-05-08
ISBN : 1598299484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The science of biology celebrates the discovery and understanding of biological systems that already exist in nature. In parallel, the engineering of biology must learn how to make use of our understanding of the natural world to design and build new useful biological systems. "Synthetic biology" represents one example of recent work to engineer biological systems. This emerging field aims to replace the ad hoc process of assembling biological systems by primarily developing tools to assemble reliable-but-complex living organisms from standard components that can later be reused in new combination. The focus of this book is "genome refactoring," one of several approaches to manage the complexity of a biological system in which the goal is to redesign the genetic elements that encode a living form--preserving the function of that form but encoding it with a genome far easier to study and extend. This book presents genome refactoring in two ways: as an important aspect of the emerging field of synthetic biology and as a powerful teaching tool to train would be professionals in the subject. Chapters focus on the overarching goals of synthetic biology and their alignment with the motivations and achievements in genome engineering; the engineering frameworks of refactoring, including genome synthesis, standardization of biological parts, and abstraction; a detailed description of the bacteriophages that have been refactored up to this point; and the methods of refactoring and contexts for that work drawn from the bacteriophage M13. Overall, these examples offer readers the potential for synthetic biology and the areas in need of further research. If successful, synthetic biology and genome refactoring could address any number of persistent societal needs, including sustainable energy, affordable and effective medicine, and green manufacturing practices. Table of Contents: Tools for Genome Engineering and Synthetic Biology / Bacteriophage as Templates for Refactoring / Methods/Teaching Protocols for M13 Reengineering / Writing and Speaking as Biological Engineers / Summary and Future Directions / Appendix A / Appendix B / Appendix C