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Understanding Forensic Digital Imaging

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Forensic Uses of Digital Imaging

Forensic Uses of Digital Imaging Book
Author : John C. Russ
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-05-25
ISBN : 1420041479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It happens all too often: The vague images of a poor quality video from a surveillance camera splash across the screen in a darkened courtroom and the guilt or innocence of the defendant hinges on whether or not the jury can determine if he or she is really the person in those images. Interpretation and misinterpretation of information about imagin

Understanding Forensic Digital Imaging

Understanding Forensic Digital Imaging Book
Author : Herbert L. Blitzer,Karen Stein-Ferguson,Jeffrey Huang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080569956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding Forensic Digital Imaging offers the principles of forensic digital imaging and photography in a manner that is straightforward and easy to digest for the professional and student. It provides information on how to photograph any setting that may have forensic value, details how to follow practices that are acceptable in court, and recommends what variety of hardware and software are most valuable to a practitioner. In addition to chapters on basic topics such as light and lenses, resolution, and file formats, the book contains forensic-science-specific information on SWGIT and the use of photography in investigations and in court. Of particular note is Chapter 17, Establishing Quality Requirements, which offers information on how to create a good digital image, and is more comprehensive than any other source currently available. Covers topics that are of vital importance to the practicing professional Serves as an up-to-date reference in the rapidly evolving world of digital imaging Uses clear and concise language so that any reader can understand the technology and science behind digital imaging

Forensic Digital Imaging and Photography

Forensic Digital Imaging and Photography Book
Author : Herbert L. Blitzer,Jack Jacobia
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2002-02-07
ISBN : 9780121064112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Digital Imaging and Photography covers each facet of digital imaging-how to select equipment, when to use it, how to produce a good image, and how to present that image in court. It clarifies the difference between what can be done digitally and what should be done in a forensic setting, and helps the reader "learn by doing" with exercises and step-by-step instructions. Key Features: Teaches the basics of digital imaging and how to choose the right tool for each job Describes how to master specific tasks such as scanning, selecting media for archiving, configuring a digital imaging system, setting the proper resolution, adjusting the image, comparing images with known samples, and much more Includes detailed graphics of the photography and imaging tools, and dialog boxes to describe each function Provides easy-to-follow instructions for each exercise in the book, including required images Describes potential pitfalls of using digital technology Law enforcement officials who follow the recommendations in this text can feel confident that their handling of imaging evidence will stand up to the high standards necessary for presentation in criminal cases. Topics covered in the book: The opening chapters teach the basics of digital imaging and how to choose the right tool for each job. The remaining chapters show how to: Scan original negatives and slides with a film scanner Scan photographs, line drawings, and documents with a flatbed scanner Select the best equipment for the job Select the best media for archiving Configure and use a digital imaging system And more Exercises provide step-by-step instructions on how to: Size and set the resolution of an image Adjust highlights, shadows, contrast, color, density, etc. Record each action performed on the images Separate images into color channels Graphically compare wounds with weapons and compare handwriting exemplars with questioned samples, etc. Remove backgrounds from fingerprints using FFT filters Use a sizing tool to adjust images for direct comparison Use frequency filters to enhance hidden facial features Teaches the basics of digital imaging and how to choose the right tool for each job Describes how to master specific tasks such as scanning, selecting media for archiving, configuring a digital imaging system, setting the proper resolution, adjusting the image, comparing images with known samples, and much more Includes detailed graphics of the photography and imaging tools, and dialog boxes to describe each function Describes potential pitfalls of using digital technology

Forensic Digital Image Processing

Forensic Digital Image Processing Book
Author : Brian Dalrymple,Jill Smith
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-20
ISBN : 135111221X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The digital revolution over the past several decades has advanced every facet of evidence detection, photography, optimization, and interpretation. Forensic scientists and practitioners have benefited tremendously from the move from film to digital. With proper procedures in place, digital images and casework capabilities have increased tremendously in both complexity and range due to a vast array of tools to enhance evidence and photography. Forensic Digital Image Processing: Optimization of Impression Evidence provides the forensic investigator with the tools and understanding to extract, optimize, and interpret the maximum evidence possible from crime scenes to increase identifications. The book begins by examining the emergence of forensic digital image processing, and the gradual improvement and acceptance of the science over the past four decades. Coverage includes looking at the issues of image integrity and authentication including forensic image optimization and the manipulation of images. Chapters explore techniques exploiting color theory, modes, and channels to optimize signal-to-noise ratio in images. One of the greatest assets of digital image technology is the ability to combine multiple images of the same subject to create a final, blended image: one that displays the desired evidence and is especially useful for fingerprint or footwear impression. Later chapters demonstrate image subtraction, focus stacking, and high dynamic range, utilizing images in optimum focus and with substrate interference diminished or removed entirely. The authors look at fast Fourier transform as an optimal tool for noise removal, addressing basic theory and diagnosis of the noise signatures. The book discusses the history of digital imaging techniques and their treatment within the court system. Forensic Digital Image Processing: Optimization of Impression Evidence serves as an invaluable resource and tool for practicing professionals–as well as those new to the field—to look at best practices, the latest technology, and advances in utilizing the increasing array of tools of the trade.

Practical Forensic Digital Imaging

Practical Forensic Digital Imaging Book
Author : Patrick Jones
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-02-10
ISBN : 1420060139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Well-documented scenes can prove to be invaluable pieces of evidence at trial, and the ability to take compelling photographs is a critical skill for forensic scientists and investigators. Practical Forensic Digital Imaging: Applications and Techniques is an up-to-date and thorough treatment of digital imaging in the forensic sciences. Balancing pr

Practical Forensic Digital Imaging

Practical Forensic Digital Imaging Book
Author : Patrick Jones
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-02-10
ISBN : 1439877726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Well-documented scenes can prove to be invaluable pieces of evidence at trial, and the ability to take compelling photographs is a critical skill for forensic scientists and investigators. Practical Forensic Digital Imaging: Applications and Techniques is an up-to-date and thorough treatment of digital imaging in the forensic sciences. Balancing practical considerations with scientific and standards-based requirements, the book’s clear, concise presentation illustrates the essentials of digital imaging required by professionals in the field. Enhanced with crisp color photos, the book covers a host of critical topics, including: The fundamentals of photographing crime scenes The history of photography and the transition to digital imaging Digital camera hardware and photographic techniques Light, filters, and macro/micro imaging Lay, professional, and expert witnesses, and the implications of Frye and Daubert Enhancement of images and digital panoramic camera scanning Storage of digital media Ultraviolet and infrared imaging Digital photo imaging microscopes Covering the full range of scenarios that forensic professionals encounter, the author includes special sections dedicated to photography involving footwear and tire impressions, vehicles, death and morgue scenes, and taphonomic and entomological imaging, as well as fingerprints, burglaries, fire and arson, sex offenses, blood, and trace evidence and microscopy. The techniques in this volume enable photographers to capture the images that will not only tell the story, but will also stand up in court. Watch Patrick Jones in his laboratory on the CRC Press YouTube channel.

Forensic Uses of Digital Imaging

Forensic Uses of Digital Imaging Book
Author : Z. Maekawa,Jens Rindel,P. Lord
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 1498733085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ability to work with, and retrieve images, is vital to forensic and criminal case work. During a five-decade-long career, author John C. Russ has taught methods for image processing and measurement to thousands of students. Forensic Uses of Digital Imaging, Second Edition distills his classroom and workshop material to present the information m

Forensic Digital Imaging and Photography

Forensic Digital Imaging and Photography Book
Author : Herbert L. Blitzer,Jack Jacobia
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002-01-01
ISBN : 9780121064129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This hands-on guide clarifies the difference between what can be done digitally and what should be done in a forensic setting, and helps the reader "learn by doing" with exercises and step-by-step instructions. The images and exercises in the CD-rom provide practical examples of the techniques described in the book."

Crime Scene Photography

Crime Scene Photography Book
Author : Edward M. Robinson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-12
ISBN : 0128027681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crime Scene Photography, Third Edition, covers the general principles and concepts of photography, while also delving into the more practical elements and advanced concepts of forensic photography. Robinson assists the reader in understanding and applying essential concepts in order to create images that are able to withstand challenges in court. This text is a required reading by both the International Association for Identification’s Crime Scene Certification Board and the Forensic Photography Certification Board. Includes an instructor website with lecture slides, practical exercises, a test bank, and image collection and many videos which can be used. Extensively illustrated with over 1000 full color photographs, with many images entirely new for the third edition Over 100 practical exercises help the reader grasp the practical applications Variations of correct and incorrect approaches, to be used alongside practical exercises, available online in the Instructor’s Manual The chapter on Special Photographic Situations includes new sections on autopsy photography, images from drones, recommendations to photographically document bloodstain patterns and firearms trajectories

Introduction to Crime Scene Photography

Introduction to Crime Scene Photography Book
Author : Edward M. Robinson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-08-15
ISBN : 0123865441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Crime Scene Photography acquaints the reader with the essentials of basic crime scene photography techniques. It looks at the concepts related to composition and relates them to the types of photographs captured by crime scene photographers. It explains how to capture images based on the exposure settings chosen to produce the effect desired. It considers the techniques used needed to control and maximize Depth of Field (DOF), and reviews how the different lenses will affect an image. Organized into seven chapters, the book begins with an overview of crime scene photography and composition, including the three cardinal rules of good photography. It then proceeds with a discussion of the benefits of bounce flash and how to utilize this technique to properly compose the subject of interest. It also explains how to capture any image necessary at the crime scene by combining the concepts of composition, nonflash exposure, DOF, flash exposure, and the use of various types of lenses. In addition, the reader is introduced to various energy sources and filters, digital processing of evidentiary photography, and legal issues related to photographs and digital images. Examples and illustrations are provided throughout to demonstrate how the concepts examined tend to form a sort of symbiotic relationship. This text will benefit scene investigators and photographers, forensic consultants, forensic scientists, undergraduate students in forensic and/or criminal justice programs, law enforcement professionals, and anyone who wants to acquire the skills needed to be a successful crime scene photographer. Contains over 350 high-quality 4-color images Rules of Thumb are included to highlight key concepts

Forensic Footwear Evidence

Forensic Footwear Evidence Book
Author : William J. Bodziak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1315356961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The utilization of footwear impression evidence continues to evolve with new materials, equipment and techniques, providing an increased ability to detect, record, enhance, and examine this form of evidence. Recently developed technology now allows investigators to more efficiently or, in some cases, instantly link multiple crime scenes where impressions have been produced by the same perpetrator. Forensic Footwear Evidence covers a wide range of relevant topics, including historical references, general information about the formation and investigative use of footwear impressions, and the best practices and considerations that apply to the recovery, enhancement, and examination of this evidence. Drawing on the author’s 44 years of acquired knowledge and experience, it is the most comprehensive and authoritative text published to date on this topic. Highlighted topics covered within the book include Three chapters covering footwear manufacturing Shoe grading, sizing, and the forensic application of sizing information Examination and reporting procedures Casting impressions in snow Barefoot evidence Topics of interest for both prosecution and defense attorneys The book includes more than 300 color photographs and illustrations throughout, as well as case examples that apply theoretical concepts to the real world. A single, complete reference on the subject, Forensic Footwear Evidence presents a wide range wealth of information that will serve as an invaluable reference to novice and experienced examiners, crime scene technicians, investigators, and prosecution and defense counselors alike.

Police Photography

Police Photography Book
Author : Larry S. Miller,Norman Marin
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-07-07
ISBN : 1455774480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quality photographs of evidence can communicate details about crime scenes that otherwise may go unnoticed, making skilled forensic photographers invaluable assets to modern police departments. For those seeking a current and concise guide to the skills necessary in forensic photography, Police Photography, Seventh Edition, provides both introductory and more advanced information about the techniques of police documentation. Completely updated to include information about the latest equipment and techniques recommended for high-quality digital forensic photography, this new edition thoroughly describes the techniques necessary for documenting a range of crime scenes and types of evidence, including homicides, arson, and vehicle incidents. With additional coverage of topics beyond crime scenes, such as surveillance and identification photography, Police Photography, Seventh Edition is an important resource for students and professionals alike. Completely updated to reflect the rise of digital police photography Four-color photographs and illustrations added throughout to illustrate concepts Defines the steps for producing high-quality photographs of a range of crime scenes and types of evidence Explores specialized topics, including ultraviolet imaging, laser enhanced evidence, and surveillance photography Access to instructor ancillaries, including Test Banks, Instructor's Guides, and PowerPoint Lecture Slides for every chapter

Big Digital Forensic Data

Big Digital Forensic Data Book
Author : Darren Quick,Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-24
ISBN : 9811077630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an in-depth understanding of big data challenges to digital forensic investigations, also known as big digital forensic data. It also develops the basis of using data mining in big forensic data analysis, including data reduction, knowledge management, intelligence, and data mining principles to achieve faster analysis in digital forensic investigations. By collecting and assembling a corpus of test data from a range of devices in the real world, it outlines a process of big data reduction, and evidence and intelligence extraction methods. Further, it includes the experimental results on vast volumes of real digital forensic data. The book is a valuable resource for digital forensic practitioners, researchers in big data, cyber threat hunting and intelligence, data mining and other related areas.

Digital Forensics and Incident Response

Digital Forensics and Incident Response Book
Author : Gerard Johansen
Publisher : Packt Publishing Ltd
Release : 2017-07-24
ISBN : 1787285391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A practical guide to deploying digital forensic techniques in response to cyber security incidents About This Book Learn incident response fundamentals and create an effective incident response framework Master forensics investigation utilizing digital investigative techniques Contains real-life scenarios that effectively use threat intelligence and modeling techniques Who This Book Is For This book is targeted at Information Security professionals, forensics practitioners, and students with knowledge and experience in the use of software applications and basic command-line experience. It will also help professionals who are new to the incident response/digital forensics role within their organization. What You Will Learn Create and deploy incident response capabilities within your organization Build a solid foundation for acquiring and handling suitable evidence for later analysis Analyze collected evidence and determine the root cause of a security incident Learn to integrate digital forensic techniques and procedures into the overall incident response process Integrate threat intelligence in digital evidence analysis Prepare written documentation for use internally or with external parties such as regulators or law enforcement agencies In Detail Digital Forensics and Incident Response will guide you through the entire spectrum of tasks associated with incident response, starting with preparatory activities associated with creating an incident response plan and creating a digital forensics capability within your own organization. You will then begin a detailed examination of digital forensic techniques including acquiring evidence, examining volatile memory, hard drive assessment, and network-based evidence. You will also explore the role that threat intelligence plays in the incident response process. Finally, a detailed section on preparing reports will help you prepare a written report for use either internally or in a courtroom. By the end of the book, you will have mastered forensic techniques and incident response and you will have a solid foundation on which to increase your ability to investigate such incidents in your organization. Style and approach The book covers practical scenarios and examples in an enterprise setting to give you an understanding of how digital forensics integrates with the overall response to cyber security incidents. You will also learn the proper use of tools and techniques to investigate common cyber security incidents such as malware infestation, memory analysis, disk analysis, and network analysis.

Criminal Evidence

Criminal Evidence Book
Author : Judy Hails
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2013-07-16
ISBN : 1285687485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With an emphasis on real-world applications, CRIMINAL EVIDENCE, Eighth Edition, provides readers with comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of common evidentiary topics in a brief, affordable format. This book thoroughly explores constitutional issues essential to the collection and seizure of admissible evidence and legal interrogation, carefully outlining concepts and processes applicable to every state and pointing out where great interstate variation exists or specific state codes may have a strong impact. Current trends and topics discussed include terrorism and homeland security, scientific evidence, Federal Rules of Evidence, hearsay, and the appellate system. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Practical Forensic Digital Imaging

Practical Forensic Digital Imaging Book
Author : Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011-04-24
ISBN : 9781439879061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Practical Forensic Digital Imaging book written by Taylor & Francis Group, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Understanding Adobe Photoshop

Understanding Adobe Photoshop Book
Author : Richard Harrington
Publisher : Peachpit Press
Release : 2006-03-10
ISBN : 0132712121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

If you're exploring a career in digital imaging or design, then you're likely to encounter Photoshop along the way--you probably already have. But how well do you know it? Understanding Adobe Photoshop: Digital Image Concepts and Techniques goes beyond the school newspaper or internship and teaches you the fundamental digital imaging techniques in Adobe Photoshop and Photoshop Elements that you'll need to succeed both in the classroom and the workforce. While many Photoshop books focus on features, tools, or techniques, this book covers both the basics and delves into specific skills, tricks, and uses in multimedia. With a friendly style and interactive DVD-ROM, Richard Harrington covers digital imaging basics (correcting, editing, sharpening, retouching, and presenting photos) and shows you real-world projects and exercises, including: digital painting; designing a CD/DVD label, magazine cover, and advertisements; creating Web sites/animations; and more!

Handbook of Digital Forensics of Multimedia Data and Devices

Handbook of Digital Forensics of Multimedia Data and Devices Book
Author : Anthony T. S. Ho,Shujun Li
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-07-24
ISBN : 1118705793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Digital forensics and multimedia forensics are rapidly growing disciplines whereby electronic information is extracted and interpreted for use in a court of law. These two fields are finding increasing importance in law enforcement and the investigation of cybercrime as the ubiquity of personal computing and the internet becomes ever-more apparent. Digital forensics involves investigating computer systems and digital artefacts in general, while multimedia forensics is a sub-topic of digital forensics focusing on evidence extracted from both normal computer systems and special multimedia devices, such as digital cameras. This book focuses on the interface between digital forensics and multimedia forensics, bringing two closely related fields of forensic expertise together to identify and understand the current state-of-the-art in digital forensic investigation. Both fields are expertly attended to by contributions from researchers and forensic practitioners specializing in diverse topics such as forensic authentication, forensic triage, forensic photogrammetry, biometric forensics, multimedia device identification, and image forgery detection among many others. Key features: Brings digital and multimedia forensics together with contributions from academia, law enforcement, and the digital forensics industry for extensive coverage of all the major aspects of digital forensics of multimedia data and devices Provides comprehensive and authoritative coverage of digital forensics of multimedia data and devices Offers not only explanations of techniques but also real-world and simulated case studies to illustrate how digital and multimedia forensics techniques work Includes a companion website hosting continually updated supplementary materials ranging from extended and updated coverage of standards to best practice guides, test datasets and more case studies

Software Engineering Trends and Techniques in Intelligent Systems

Software Engineering Trends and Techniques in Intelligent Systems Book
Author : Radek Silhavy,Petr Silhavy,Zdenka Prokopova,Roman Senkerik,Zuzana Kominkova Oplatkova
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-07
ISBN : 3319571419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents new approaches and methods to solve real-world problems as well as exploratory research describing novel approaches in the field of software engineering and intelligent systems. It particularly focuses on modern trends in selected fields of interest, introducing new algorithms, methods and application of intelligent systems in software engineering. The book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Software Engineering Trends and Techniques in Intelligent Systems Section of the 6th Computer Science On-line Conference 2017 (CSOC 2017), held in April 2017.

Understanding Digital Image Processing

Understanding Digital Image Processing Book
Author : Vipin Tyagi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-13
ISBN : 1351342665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the fundamental concepts of modern digital image processing. It aims to help the students, scientists, and practitioners to understand the concepts through clear explanations, illustrations and examples. The discussion of the general concepts is supplemented with examples from applications and ready-to-use implementations of concepts in MATLAB®. Program code of some important concepts in programming language 'C' is provided. To explain the concepts, MATLAB® functions are used throughout the book. MATLAB® Version 9.3 (R2017b), Image Acquisition Toolbox Version 5.3 (R2017b), Image Processing Toolbox, Version 10.1 (R2017b) have been used to create the book material. Meant for students and practicing engineers, this book provides a clear, comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to Digital Image Processing in a pragmatic manner.