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Understanding Disaster Risk

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Understanding Disaster Risk

Understanding Disaster Risk Book
Author : Pedro Pinto Santos,Ksenia Chmutina,Jason Von Meding,Emmanuel Raju
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 0128190485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding Disaster Risk: A Multidimensional Approach presents the first principle from the UNISDR Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015-2030. The framework includes a discussion of risk and resilience from both a theoretical and governance perspective in light of ideas that are shaping our common future. In addition, it presents innovative tools and best practices in reducing risk and building resilience. Combining the applications of social, financial, technological, design, engineering and nature-based approaches, the volume addresses rising global priorities and focuses on strengthening the global understanding of vulnerability, displaced communities, cultural heritages and cultural identity. Readers will gain a multifaceted understanding of disaster, addressing both historic and contemporary issues. Focusing on the various dimensions of disaster risk, the book details natural and social components of risk and the challenges posed to risk assessment models under the climate change paradigm. Addresses the current challenges in policy and practice for building resilience strategies Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Aids in understanding the natural and social components of risk in a diverse and globalized world Presents the challenges posed to risk assessment models under the climate change paradigm

Cultures and Disasters

Cultures and Disasters Book
Author : Fred Krüger,Greg Bankoff,Terry Cannon,Benedikt Orlowski,E. Lisa F. Schipper
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-04-24
ISBN : 1317754646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Why did the people of the Zambesi Delta affected by severe flooding return early to their homes or even choose to not evacuate? How is the forced resettlement of small-scale farmers living along the foothills of an active volcano on the Philippines impacting on their day-to-day livelihood routines? Making sense of such questions and observations is only possible by understanding how the decision-making of societies at risk is embedded in culture, and how intervention measures acknowledge, or neglect, cultural settings. The social construction of risk is being given increasing priority in understand how people experience and prioritize hazards in their own lives and how vulnerability can be reduced, and resilience increased, at a local level. Culture and Disasters adopts an interdisciplinary approach to explore this cultural dimension of disaster, with contributions from leading international experts within the field. Section I provides discussion of theoretical considerations and practical research to better understand the important of culture in hazards and disasters. Culture can be interpreted widely with many different perspectives; this enables us to critically consider the cultural boundedness of research itself, as well as the complexities of incorporating various interpretations into DRR. If culture is omitted, related issues of adaptation, coping, intervention, knowledge and power relations cannot be fully grasped. Section II explores what aspects of culture shape resilience? How have people operationalized culture in every day life to establish DRR practice? What constitutes a resilient culture and what role does culture play in a society’s decision making? It is natural for people to seek refuge in tried and trust methods of disaster mitigation, however, culture and belief systems are constantly evolving. How these coping strategies can be introduced into DRR therefore poses a challenging question. Finally, Section III examines the effectiveness of key scientific frameworks for understanding the role of culture in disaster risk reduction and management. DRR includes a range of norms and breaking these through an understanding of cultural will challenge established theoretical and empirical frameworks.

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk Book
Author : Nicola Casagli,Veronica Tofani,Kyoji Sassa,Peter T. Bobrowsky,Kaoru Takara
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-21
ISBN : 3030603113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a part of ICL new book series “ICL Contribution to Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction” founded in 2019. Peer-reviewed papers submitted to the Fifth World Landslide Forum were published in six volumes of this book series. This book contains the followings: • One theme lecture and one keynote lecture• Monitoring and remote sensing for landslide risk mitigation, including one keynote lecture• Landslide early warning systems, forecasting models and time prediction of landslides Prof. Nicola Casagli is a Vice President and President-elect of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL) for 2021–2023. He is Professor of engineering geology at the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Florence, and President of the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics – OGS, Trieste, Italy. Dr. Veronica Tofani is an Associate Professor at the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Florence, and Program Coordinator of the UNESCO Chair on Prevention and Sustainable Management of Geo-hydrological hazards, University of Florence. Prof. Kyoji Sassa is the Founding President and the Secretary-General of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal Landslides since its foundation in 2004. Prof. Peter Bobrowsky is the President of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Senior Scientist of Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Prof. Kaoru Takara is the Executive Director of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Professor and Dean of Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies (GSAIS) in Human Survivability (Shishu-Kan), Kyoto University.

Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Ben Wisner,J.C. Gaillard,Ilan Kelman
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-03-29
ISBN : 113691868X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook provides a comprehensive statement and reference point for hazard and disaster research, policy making, and practice in an international and multi-disciplinary context. It offers critical reviews and appraisals of current state of the art and future development of conceptual, theoretical and practical approaches as well as empirical knowledge and available tools. Organized into five inter-related sections, this Handbook contains sixty-five contributions from leading scholars. Section one situates hazards and disasters in their broad political, cultural, economic, and environmental context. Section two contains treatments of potentially damaging natural events/phenomena organized by major earth system. Section three critically reviews progress in responding to disasters including warning, relief and recovery. Section four addresses mitigation of potential loss and prevention of disasters under two sub-headings: governance, advocacy and self-help, and communication and participation. Section five ends with a concluding chapter by the editors. The engaging international contributions reflect upon the politics and policy of how we think about and practice applied hazard research and disaster risk reduction. This Handbook provides a wealth of interdisciplinary information and will appeal to students and practitioners interested in Geography, Environment Studies and Development Studies.

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk Book
Author : Fausto Guzzetti,Snježana Mihalić Arbanas,Paola Reichenbach,Kyoji Sassa,Peter T. Bobrowsky,Kaoru Takara
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-22
ISBN : 3030602273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a part of ICL new book series “ICL Contribution to Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction” founded in 2019. Peer-reviewed papers submitted to the Fifth World Landslide Forum were published in six volumes of this book series. This book contains the followings: • Keynotes • Landslide detection, recognition and mapping • Landslide susceptibility assessment and modelling • Landslide size statistics and temporal modelling • Data and information for landslide disaster mitigation • Vulnerability to landslides of people, communities and the built environment Dr. Fausto Guzzetti is General Director of Office III – Technical and Scientific Activities for Risk Forecasting and Prevention, Department of Civil Protection, Italian Presidency of the Council of Ministers, on leave from the Italian National Research Council. Prof. Snježana Mihalić Arbanas is a Full Professor of the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering of the University of Zagreb, Croatia. She is the Chair of ICL Network Committee. Paola Reichenbach is a Senior Researcher of the Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, an institute of the Italian National Research Council (IRPI-CNR), Perugia, Italy. Prof. Kyoji Sassa is the Founding President and the Secretary-General of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal Landslides since its foundation in 2004. Prof. Peter Bobrowsky is the President of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Senior Scientist of Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Prof. Kaoru Takara is the Executive Director of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Professor and Dean of Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies (GSAIS) in Human Survivability (Shishu-Kan), Kyoto University.

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk Book
Author : Kyoji Sassa,Matjaž Mikoš,Shinji Sassa,Peter T. Bobrowsky,Kaoru Takara,Khang Dang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-21
ISBN : 303060196X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a part of ICL new book series “ICL Contribution to Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction” founded in 2019. Peer-reviewed papers submitted to the Fifth World Landslide Forum were published in six volumes of this book series. This book contains the followings: • Four Forum lectures and one award paper • Sendai Landslide Partnerships, Kyoto Landslide Commitment, and International Programme on Landslides. • Landslide-induced tsunamis • Landslides at UNESCO designates sites and contribution from WMO, FAO, and IRDR • Education and Capacity Development for Risk Management and Risk Governance Prof. Kyoji Sassa is the Founding President and the Secretary-General of International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal Landslides since its foundation in 2004. Prof. Matjaž Mikoš is the Vice President of International Consortium on Landslides and Vice President of Slovenian Academy of Engineering. He is a Professor and Dean of Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. Dr. Shinji Sassa is Head of Soil Dynamics Group and Research Director of International Research Center for Coastal Disasters, Port and Airport Research Institute, National Institute of Maritime, Port and Aviation Technology, Japan. Prof. Peter Bobrowsky is the President of International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Senior Scientist of Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Prof. Kaoru Takara is the Executive Director of International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Professor and Dean of Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies (GSAIS) in Human Survivability (Shishu-Kan), Kyoto University. Dr. Khang Dang is the Secretary General of the Fifth World Landslide Forum. He also serves as the Research Promotion Officer of ICL and a Lecturer at the University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi.

Disaster Risk Management Systems Analysis

Disaster Risk Management Systems Analysis Book
Author : Stephan Baas
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disaster Risk Management (DRM) combines, through a management perspective, the concept of prevention, mitigation and preparedness with response to the rising frequency and severity of natural hazards and disasters. This guide provides a set of tools thathave been developed and tested in field projects, with particular reference to disaster-prone areas and vulnerable sectors and population groups.--Publisher's description.

Understanding the economic and financial impacts of natural disasters

Understanding the economic and financial impacts of natural disasters Book
Author : Charlotte Benson,Edward J. Clay
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780821356852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Understanding the economic and financial impacts of natural disasters book written by Charlotte Benson,Edward J. Clay, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Responses to Disasters and Climate Change

Responses to Disasters and Climate Change Book
Author : Michele Companion,Miriam S. Chaiken
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-30
ISBN : 1315315912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the global climate shifts, communities are faced with a myriad of mitigation and adaptation challenges. These highlight the political, cultural, economic, social, and physical vulnerability of social groups, communities, families, and individuals. They also foster resilience and creative responses. Research in hazard management, humanitarian response, food security programming, and other areas seeks to identify and understand factors that create vulnerability and strategies that enhance resilience at all levels of social organization. This book uses case studies from around the globe to demonstrate ways that communities have fostered resilience to mitigate the impacts of climate change.

Disaster Risk

Disaster Risk Book
Author : Irasema Alcantara-Ayala,Christopher Gomez,Jessica Mercer,Ksenia Chmutina,Jc Gaillard
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9781138204348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The text offers a comprehensive and unique perspective on disaster risk associated with natural hazards. It covers a wide range of topics, reflecting the most recent debates but also older and pioneering discussions in the academic field of disaster studies as well as in the policy and practical areas of disaster risk reduction. Disaster Risk offers a uniquely flexible teaching resource through its innovative structure. It emphasises two main reading pathways, the first focuses on the interactions between the human and natural dimensions of disasters and constitutes the conventional and linear structure of the book, which includes five main sections including the nature and impact of disasters; people's vulnerabilities and capacities; natural hazards; people's response to and resilience after disasters; and disaster risk reduction and management. The second pathway cuts across the previous sections and addresses transversal issues. These streams look at such as natural hazards, vulnerability and capacities as well as cross-cutting issues such as gender, age and health. An associated website provides links to additional material and teaching and learning activities. The four authors have extensive experience in the field of disaster studies and provide a wide range of expertise covering both the social and physical dimensions of disasters. In addition, they have a large experience as practitioners of disaster risk reduction and management and have extensively dealt with policy makers over the past two decades. This book will be of particular interest to undergraduate students studying geography and environmental studies/science. It will also be of relevant to students/professionals from a wide range of social and physical science disciplines, including public health and public policy, sociology, anthropology, political science and geology.

At Risk

At Risk Book
Author : Piers Blaikie,Terry Cannon,Ian Davis,Ben Wisner
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-01-21
ISBN : 1134528612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The term 'natural disaster' is often used to refer to natural events such as earthquakes, hurricanes or floods. However, the phrase 'natural disaster' suggests an uncritical acceptance of a deeply engrained ideological and cultural myth. At Risk questions this myth and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed. The updated new edition confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters and discusses disaster not as an aberration, but as a signal failure of mainstream 'development'. Two analytical models are provided as tools for understanding vulnerability. One links remote and distant 'root causes' to 'unsafe conditions' in a 'progression of vulnerability'. The other uses the concepts of 'access' and 'livelihood' to understand why some households are more vulnerable than others. Examining key natural events and incorporating strategies to create a safer world, this revised edition is an important resource for those involved in the fields of environment and development studies.

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience Book
Author : Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh Eslamian
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-14
ISBN : 3030612783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is part of a six-volume series on Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience. The series aims to fill in gaps in theory and practice in the Sendai Framework, and provides additional resources, methodologies and communication strategies to enhance the plan for action and targets proposed by the Sendai Framework. The series will appeal to a broad range of researchers, academics, students, policy makers and practitioners in engineering, environmental science and geography, geoscience, emergency management, finance, community adaptation, atmospheric science and information technology. This volume discusses how to measure and build disaster resilience at society’s capacity, drawing upon individual, institutional and collective resources to cope with and adapt to the demands and challenges of natural disaster occurrences. The book will serve as a guide, outlining the key indicators of disaster resilience in urban and rural settings, and the resources and strategies needed to build resilient communities in accordance with the targets of the Sendai Framework. Readers will learn about multi-risk reduction approaches using computational methods, data mining techniques, and System Thinking at various scales, as well as institutional and infrastructure resilience strategies based on several case studies.

Disaster Resilience

Disaster Resilience Book
Author : National Academies,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Committee on Increasing National Resilience to Hazards and Disasters
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-11-29
ISBN : 0309261538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

No person or place is immune from disasters or disaster-related losses. Infectious disease outbreaks, acts of terrorism, social unrest, or financial disasters in addition to natural hazards can all lead to large-scale consequences for the nation and its communities. Communities and the nation thus face difficult fiscal, social, cultural, and environmental choices about the best ways to ensure basic security and quality of life against hazards, deliberate attacks, and disasters. Beyond the unquantifiable costs of injury and loss of life from disasters, statistics for 2011 alone indicate economic damages from natural disasters in the United States exceeded $55 billion, with 14 events costing more than a billion dollars in damages each. One way to reduce the impacts of disasters on the nation and its communities is to invest in enhancing resilience--the ability to prepare and plan for, absorb, recover from and more successfully adapt to adverse events. Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative addresses the broad issue of increasing the nation's resilience to disasters. This book defines "national resilience", describes the state of knowledge about resilience to hazards and disasters, and frames the main issues related to increasing resilience in the United States. It also provide goals, baseline conditions, or performance metrics for national resilience and outlines additional information, data, gaps, and/or obstacles that need to be addressed to increase the nation's resilience to disasters. Additionally, the book's authoring committee makes recommendations about the necessary approaches to elevate national resilience to disasters in the United States. Enhanced resilience allows better anticipation of disasters and better planning to reduce disaster losses-rather than waiting for an event to occur and paying for it afterward. Disaster Resilience confronts the topic of how to increase the nation's resilience to disasters through a vision of the characteristics of a resilient nation in the year 2030. Increasing disaster resilience is an imperative that requires the collective will of the nation and its communities. Although disasters will continue to occur, actions that move the nation from reactive approaches to disasters to a proactive stance where communities actively engage in enhancing resilience will reduce many of the broad societal and economic burdens that disasters can cause.

Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance to Manage Disaster Risk

Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance to Manage Disaster Risk Book
Author : José Manuel Mendes,Gretchen Kalonji,Rohit Jigyasu,Alice Chang-Richards
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-11
ISBN : 0128187514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance to Manage Disaster Risk presents the second principle from the UNISDR Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015-2030. The framework includes discussion of risk and resilience from both a theoretical and governance perspective in light of the ideas that are shaping our common future and presents innovative tools and best practices in reducing risk and building resilience. Combining the applications of social, financial, technological, design, engineering and nature-based approaches, the volume addresses rising global priorities and focuses on strengthening the global understanding of risk governance practices, initiatives and trends. Focusing on disaster risk governance at the national, regional, and global levels, it presents both historic and contemporary issues, asking researchers and governments how they can use technological advances, risk and resilience metrics and modeling, business continuity practices, and past experiences to understand the disaster recovery process and manage risk. Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Addresses lessons learned and future paths in disaster risk governance models Integrates public and private interests in risk governance Presents methodologies dealing with risk uncertainty, ambiguity and complexity

Geomorphology and Natural Hazards

Geomorphology and Natural Hazards Book
Author : Timothy R. Davies,Oliver Korup,John J. Clague
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-19
ISBN : 1118648609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural disasters are occasional intense events that disturb Earth's surface, but their impact can be felt long after. Hazard events such as earthquakes, volcanos, drought, and storms can trigger a catastrophic reshaping of the landscape through the erosion, transport, and deposition of different kinds of materials. Geomorphology and Natural Hazards: Understanding Landscape Change for Disaster Mitigation is a graduate level textbook that explores the natural hazards resulting from landscape change and shows how an Earth science perspective can inform hazard mitigation and disaster impact reduction. Volume highlights include: Definitions of hazards, risks, and disasters Impact of different natural hazards on Earth surface processes Geomorphologic insights for hazard assessment and risk mitigation Models for predicting natural hazards How human activities have altered 'natural' hazards Complementarity of geomorphology and engineering to manage threats

A Safer Future

A Safer Future Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,U.S. National Committee for the Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1991-02-01
ISBN : 0309045460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Initial priorities for U.S. participation in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, declared by the United Nations, are contained in this volume. It focuses on seven issues: hazard and risk assessment; awareness and education; mitigation; preparedness for emergency response; recovery and reconstruction; prediction and warning; learning from disasters; and U.S. participation internationally. The committee presents its philosophy of calls for broad public and private participation to reduce the toll of disasters.

Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction

Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2012-03-06
ISBN : 0857248677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deals with the topic of Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR). This book provides an overview of the subject and looks at the role of governments, NGOs, academics and corporate sectors in community based disaster risk reduction. It examines experiences from Asian and African countries.

Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia

Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia Book
Author : Riyanti Djalante,Matthias Garschagen,Frank Thomalla,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-02
ISBN : 3319544667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a unique, transdisciplinary summary of the state of the art of disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Indonesia. It provides a comprehensive overview of disaster risk governance across all levels and multiple actors including diverse perspectives from practitioners and researchers on the challenges and progress of DRR in Indonesia. The book includes novel and emerging topics such as the role of culture, religion, psychology and the media in DRR. It is essential reading for students, researchers, and policy makers seeking to understand the nature and variety of environmental hazards and risk patterns affecting Indonesia. Following the introduction, the book has four main parts of key discussions. Part I presents disaster risk governance from national to local level and its integration into development sectors, Part II focuses on the roles of different actors for DRR, Part III discusses emerging issues in DRR research and practice, and Part IV puts forward variety of methods and studies to measure hazards, risks and community resilience.

Urban Risk Assessments

Urban Risk Assessments Book
Author : Eric Dickson,Judy L. Baker,Daniel Hoornweg
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0821389629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The report was prepared by a Bank team comprised of Eric Dickson ... [et al.]."

Understanding Disaster Insurance

Understanding Disaster Insurance Book
Author : Carolyn Kousky
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2022-10-13
ISBN : 1642832251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The frequency and intensity of natural disasters is on the rise. Insurance, an often confusing and unpopular tool, will be critical to successfully emerging from the effects of these crises. Understanding Disaster Insurance provides an accessible introduction to the complexities--and exciting possibilities--of risk transfer markets in the U.S. and around the world. Carolyn Kousky, a leading researcher on disaster risk and insurance, explains how traditional insurance markets came to be structured and why they fall short in meeting the needs of a world coping with climate change. She then offers realistic, yet hopeful, examples of new approaches. Understanding Disaster Insurance is a useful guidebook for policymakers, innovators, students, and other decision makers working to secure a resilient future--and anyone affected by wind, fire, rain, or flood.