Skip to main content

Understanding Climate Change Impacts On Crop Productivity And Water Balance

In Order to Read Online or Download Understanding Climate Change Impacts On Crop Productivity And Water Balance Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance Book
Author : S. K. Jalota,B. B. Vashisht,Sandeep Sharma,Samanpreet Kaur
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-19
ISBN : 0128097213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water examines the greenhouse gas emissions and their warming effect, climate change projections, crop productivity and water. The book explores the most important greenhouse gases that influence the climate system, technical terms associated with climate projections, and the different mechanisms impacting crop productivity and water balance. Adaptive and mitigative strategies are proposed to cope with negative effects of climate change in particular domains. This book will help researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants. Uncovers links between climate change and its impact on crop and water outputs Integrates information on greenhouse gas cycles and mathematical equations into climate/crop models for analysis and seasonal prediction systems Provides strategies for efficient resource management and sustainable crop production in future Helps researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants

Climate Change Impacts on Basin Agro ecosystems

Climate Change Impacts on Basin Agro ecosystems Book
Author : Tsugihiro Watanabe,Selim Kapur,Mehmet Aydın,Rıza Kanber,Erhan Akça
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-11
ISBN : 3030010368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book is based on the outcomes of a Turkish-Japanese bilateral project dealing with the impacts of climate change on basin agro-ecosystems. The book is unique in showing an up-to-date knowledge for the developing world. The chapters are related to: a) the development and improvement of a regional climate model for a more accurate prediction with higher resolution of future changes in regional climate, b) the structure of land and water management in agricultural production systems in arid areas, especially to quantitatively evaluate the relationships among cropping systems, hydrological cycle and water balance in farmland and its environments, c) the assessment of the impact of climate change and its adaptation on agricultural production systems, mainly on the aspect of land and water management, and d) the vulnerability of agricultural production systems from natural changes and the measures for enhancing sustainability of agriculture. This book elaborates on the methodologies for the assessment of climate change impacts on agricultural production and adaptationIn this book, the concepts and processes of an integrated approach are outlined, and its application in a case project is introducedThe approaches described in the chapters would be applicable in different situations and could be improved with experience and the introduction of advanced techniques

Agroecosystem Diversity

Agroecosystem Diversity Book
Author : Gilles Lemaire,Paulo Cesar de Faccio Carvalho,Scott Kronberg,Sylvie Recous
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 0128110511
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Agro-Ecosystem Diversity: Impact on Food Security and Environmental Quality presents cutting-edge exploration of developing novel farming systems and introduces landscape ecology to agronomy. It encompasses the broad range of links between agricultural development and ecological impact and how to limit the potential negative results. Presented in seven sections, each focusing on a specific challenge to sustaining diversity, the book provides insights toward the argument that by re-introducing diversity, it should be possible to maintain a high level of productivity of agro-ecosystems while also maintaining and/or restoring a satisfactory level of environment quality and biodiversity. Demonstrates that diversified agro-ecosystems can be intensified with environmental quality preserved, restored and enhanced Includes analysis of economic constraints leading to specialization of farms and regions and the social locking forces resisting to diversification of agro-ecosystems Presents a global vision of world agriculture and the tradeoff between a necessary increase in food production and restoring environment quality

Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Agriculture

Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Agriculture Book
Author : Cornelio Alberto Zolin,Renato de A. R. Rodrigues
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-07-24
ISBN : 1498706177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Climate change and its impact on water resources in agriculture pose one of the biggest challenges for food, energy, fiber, and water security worldwide and, as a consequence, for society. This book presents a multidisciplinary approach towards climate change and water resources in agriculture and provides a comprehensive perspective about the core

Soil Nitrogen Ecology

Soil Nitrogen Ecology Book
Author : Cristina Cruz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-27
ISBN : 3030712060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book highlights the latest discoveries about the nitrogen cycle in the soil. It introduces the concept of nitrogen fixation and covers important aspects of nitrogen in soil and ecology such as its distribution and occurrence, soil microflora and fauna and their role in N-fixation. The importance of plant growth-promoting microbes for a sustainable agriculture, e.g. arbuscular mycorrhizae in N-fixation, is discussed as well as perspectives of metagenomics, microbe-plant signal transduction in N-ecology and related aspects. This book enables the reader to bridge the main gaps in knowledge and carefully presents perspectives on the ecology of biotransformations of nitrogen in soil.

Terrestrial Water Cycle and Climate Change

Terrestrial Water Cycle and Climate Change Book
Author : Qiuhong Tang,Taikan Oki
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-06
ISBN : 1118971760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The Terrestrial Water Cycle: Natural and Human-Induced Changes is a comprehensive volume that investigates the changes in the terrestrial water cycle and the natural and anthropogenic factors that cause these changes. This volume brings together recent progress and achievements in large-scale hydrological observations and numerical simulations, specifically in areas such as in situ measurement network, satellite remote sensing and hydrological modeling. Our goal is to extend and deepen our understanding of the changes in the terrestrial water cycle and to shed light on the mechanisms of the changes and their consequences in water resources and human well-being in the context of global change. Volume highlights include: Overview of the changes in the terrestrial water cycle Human alterations of the terrestrial water cycle Recent advances in hydrological measurement and observation Integrated modeling of the terrestrial water cycle The Terrestrial Water Cycle: Natural and Human-Induced Changes will be a valuable resource for students and professionals in the fields of hydrology, water resources, climate change, ecology, geophysics, and geographic sciences. The book will also be attractive to those who have general interests in the terrestrial water cycle, including how and why the cycle changes.

Climate change impacts on crops in Sri Lanka

Climate change impacts on crops in Sri Lanka Book
Author : Amarasingha, R., Marambe, B., Suriyagoda, L., Punyawardena, R., Herath, H., Jayawardena, S., Jayakody, P. et al.
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2021-07-08
ISBN : 9251345694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Agriculture is one of the most important economic sectors of Sri Lanka and is key to the livelihoodof its population. As agriculture is one of the sectors most vulnerable to climate change, a thorough understanding of its impact is critical for formulating informed and effective adaptation strategies. Climate change challenges agriculture in many ways and affects – directly or indirectly – the economy, productivity, employment and food security. Assessing the impacts of climate change on crops is fundamental for elaborating evidence-based adaptation policies and strategies, guaranteeing sustainable pathways towards intensification and adopting climate-smart agricultural practices. This report presents insights about future climate change impacts on six crops (rice, maize, green gram, big onion, chilli and potato), selected according to a wide range of criteria: contribution to gross domestic product, relevance to food security and role as staple food, importance for farming systems, social impact, effect on employment, role as animal feed, consumer preferences, contribution to the export market, climatic vulnerability/resilience, market prices and price fluctuations, and farming input requirements.

Water Resources Management in the Face of Climatic Hydrologic Uncertainties

Water Resources Management in the Face of Climatic Hydrologic Uncertainties Book
Author : Zdzislaw Kaczmarek,Kenneth M. Strzepek,László Somlyódy,Valentina Priazhinskaya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-04-30
ISBN : 9780792339274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This text is the first international and comprehensive discussion of the impacts of climatic fluctuations and climate change on water resources management. The book presents an overview of the impacts of climatic change/fluctuations on a wide variety of water resources sectors including river runoff, water quality, water temperature, water use and demand, reservoir management and water resource planning and management. The book is unique in that it then presents a series of case studies to both demonstrate the application of climate change impact assessment methodologies and to provide insights to catchment, river basin, and national scale impacts of climate change/fluctuations on the water resources of Africa, Europe, and North America. Audience: Researchers, scholars and students of hydrology and water management who are concerned with the issues of climate change as well as the climate change impact assessment community.

Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Agricultural Production Systems

Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Agricultural Production Systems Book
Author : Otto C. Doering III,J.C. Randolph,Rebecca A. Pfeifer,Jane Southworth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-07-31
ISBN : 9781402070280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Effects of Climate Change and Viarability on the Agricultural Production Systems provides an integrated assessment of global climate change's impact on agriculture at the farm level, in the context of farm level adaptation decisions. Ten agricultural areas in the Upper Midwest region - the heart of the United States' corn belt - were subjected to climate change and changing climate variability scenarios through simulations of future climate using results from general circulation models. Crop growth models, calibrated to the study sites, were used to simulate yields under varying climate conditions. Farm level production and economic analyses were performed to determine what adaptation strategies might be best utilized to maintain production and profitability for producers under conditions of global climate change and changing climate variability. Similar integrated analyses from Australia and Argentina provide comparisons from different regions.

Farming in a Changing Climate

Farming in a Changing Climate Book
Author : Ellen Wall,Barry Smit,Johanna Wandel
Publisher : UBC Press
Release : 2011-11-01
ISBN : 077484020X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In farming systems across Canada, effective risk management is necessary to deal with drought, flooding, and extreme weather, and to adapt to altered climate and weather conditions. Unfortunately, climate change risks and opportunities are not always well understood among researchers and policy makers in the Canadian agri-food sector. This book addresses that gap by providing a wide-ranging synopsis of what climate change means for Canadian agriculture, exploring different approaches to the topic, and presenting examples of current research. It covers all agricultural regions and a wide variety of commodity production and farming systems. This comprehensive survey synthesizes twenty years of research on climate change and Canadian agriculture.

Global Climate Change and Environmental Policy

Global Climate Change and Environmental Policy Book
Author : V. Venkatramanan,Shachi Shah,Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-11
ISBN : 9811395705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Global climate change threatens human existence through its potential impact on agriculture and the environment. Agriculture is climate-sensitive, and climate variability and climate change have net negative impact on it. Additionally, the agricultural landscape is affected by monoculture and agro-biodiversity loss, soil fertility depletion and soil loss, competition from biofuel production, crop yield plateaus and invasive species. Nevertheless, the global agricultural production system has to meet the food demands from the growing human population, which is set to exceed 10 billion by 2050. This book discusses the impacts of climate change on agriculture, animal husbandry and rural livelihoods. Further, since agriculture, forestry and other land-use sectors contribute about 10–12 gigatonnes of CO2-equivalent per year, it argues that agricultural policy must dovetail adaptation and mitigation strategies to reduce greenhouse gases emissions. This calls for a reformative and disruptive agricultural strategy like climate-smart agriculture, which can operate at all spatio-temporal scales with few modifications. The book also redefines sustainable agriculture through the lens of climate-smart agriculture in the context of the sustainability of Earth's life- support system and inter- and intra-generational equity. The climate-smart agriculture approach is gaining currency thanks to its inherent positive potential, and its goal to establish an agricultural system which includes "climate-smart food systems", "climate-proof farms", and "climate-smart soils". Climate-smart agriculture provides a pathway to achieve sustainable development goals which focus on poverty reduction, food security, and environmental health.

Sustainable Solutions for Food Security

Sustainable Solutions for Food Security Book
Author : Atanu Sarkar,Suman Ranjan Sensarma,Gary W. vanLoon
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-18
ISBN : 3319778781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This volume is the first centralized source of technological and policy solutions for sustainable agriculture and food systems resilience in the face of climate change. The editors have compiled a comprehensive collection of the latest tested, replicable green technologies and approaches for food security, including smart crops and new agricultural paradigms, sustainable natural resources management, and strategies for risk assessment and governance. Studies from resource-constrained countries with vulnerable populations are emphasized, with contributions on multisector partnership from development professionals. Debates concerning access to climate-smart technologies, intellectual property rights, and international negotiations on technology transfer are also included. The editors are, respectively, a public health physician, a development professional and an environmental scientist. They bring their varied perspectives together to curate a holistic volume that will be useful for policy makers, scientists, community-based organizations, international organizations and researchers across the world.

Understanding Options for Agricultural Production

Understanding Options for Agricultural Production Book
Author : G.Y. Tsuji,G. Hoogenboom,P.K. Thornton
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 9401736243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The first premise of this book is that farmers need access to options for improving their situation. In agricultural terms, these options might be manage ment alternatives or different crops to grow, that can stabilize or increase household income, that reduce soil degradation and dependence on off-farm inputs, or that exploit local market opportunities. Farmers need a facilitating environment, in which affordable credit is available if needed, in which policies are conducive to judicious management of natural resources, and in which costs and prices of production are stable. Another key ingredient of this facilitating environment is information: an understanding of which options are viable, how these operate at the farm level, and what their impact may be on the things that farmers perceive as being important. The second premise is that systems analysis and simulation have an impor tant role to play in fostering this understanding of options, traditional field experimentation being time-consuming and costly. This book summarizes the activities of the International Benchmark Sites Network for Agrotechnology Transfer (IBSNAT) project, an international initiative funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). IBSNAT was an attempt to demonstrate the effectiveness of understanding options through systems analysis and simulation for the ultimate benefit of farm households in the tropics and subtropics. The idea for the book was first suggested at one of the last IBSNAT group meetings held at the University of Hawaii in 1993.

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume I

Water Interactions with Energy  Environment  Food and Agriculture Volume I Book
Author : Maria Concepcion Donoso
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-02-25
ISBN : 1848261721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The theme discusses water's importance to energy generation, the environment, food, and agriculture. It begins with an analysis of the interrelations between water and the environment. Consideration is given to the relationship between water and human health. Water's dynamic role in the food production process; Ecosystem Character; Water Quality and Environment; Climate Change and Water Resources; Water Resources For Agricultural and Food Production; Water Balance in Agriculture Areas; Water Contamination from Rural Production Systems; Water Interactions with Human Development ;Economic Development; and Cultural Development are considered. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs

Managing Water Resources under Climate Uncertainty

Managing Water Resources under Climate Uncertainty Book
Author : Sangam Shrestha,Anil K. Anal,P. Abdul Salam,Michael van der Valk
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-03
ISBN : 3319104675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book aims to come up with views to address the queries of planners, policymakers, and general people for water resources management under uncertainty of climate change, including examples from Asia and Europe with successful adaptive measures to change the challenge of climate change into opportunities. The availability of clean water is a major global challenge for the future due to a rapidly growing population and urbanization where further stress in water resources is expected due to the impact of climate change. The wide range of impacts includes for example changes in hydrology, moisture availability, spatial and temporal variations in magnitude of stream flow, and dwindling of water levels with adverse effect on wetlands and ecosystem. As a consequence, water management has become a serious issue and was identified as a global societal challenge, and climate change forecasting has become one of the key issues in recent research on sustainable water resources management.

Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life

Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life Book
Author : Roberto Salguero-Gomez,Marlène Gamelon
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-08-31
ISBN : 019257549X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Demography is everywhere in our lives: from birth to death. Indeed, the universal currencies of survival, development, reproduction, and recruitment shape the performance of all species, from microbes to humans. The number of techniques for demographic data acquisition and analyses across the entire tree of life (microbes, fungi, plants, and animals) has drastically increased in recent decades. These developments have been partially facilitated by the advent of technologies such as GIS and drones, as well as analytical methods including Bayesian statistics and high-throughput molecular analyses. However, despite the universality of demography and the significant research potential that could emerge from unifying: (i) questions across taxa, (ii) data collection protocols, and (iii) analytical tools, demographic methods to date have remained taxonomically siloed and methodologically disintegrated. This is the first book to attempt a truly unified approach to demography and population ecology in order to address a wide range of questions in ecology, evolution, and conservation biology across the entire spectrum of life. This novel book provides the reader with the fundamentals of data collection, model construction, analyses, and interpretation across a wide repertoire of demographic techniques and protocols. It introduces the novice demographer to a broad range of demographic methods, including abundance-based models, life tables, matrix population models, integral projection models, integrated population models, individual based models, and more. Through the careful integration of data collection methods, analytical approaches, and applications, clearly guided throughout with fully reproducible R scripts, the book provides an up-to-date and authoritative overview of the most popular and effective demographic tools. Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life is aimed at graduate students and professional researchers in the fields of demography, ecology, animal behaviour, genetics, evolutionary biology, mathematical biology, and wildlife management.

Water Security and U S Foreign Policy

Water  Security and U S  Foreign Policy Book
Author : David Reed
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-06-26
ISBN : 1351685473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The prosperity and national security of the United States depend directly on the prosperity and stability of both partner and competing countries around the world. Today, U.S. interests are under rising pressure from water scarcity, extreme weather events and water-driven ecological change in key geographies of strategic interest to the U.S. Those water-driven stresses are undermining economic productivity, weakening governance systems and fraying social cohesion in scores of countries and, in the process, undermining the vitality of rural livelihoods, fostering local and ethnic conflicts, driving broad migratory movements and contributing to the growth of insurgencies and terrorist networks. While the U.S. intelligence community has steadily expanded natural resource concerns in their global threat analyses, our overseas development assistance remains locked into provision of water and hygienic services rather than responding to the full sweep of global water challenges including governance and policy failures, growing conflicts over water and the need for promoting sustainable transboundary water arrangements in partner countries. A fundamental departure from the past is urgently needed. Based on 18 case studies, Water, Security and U.S. Foreign Policy provides an analytical framework to help policy makers, scholars and researchers studying the intersection of U.S. foreign policy with the environment and sustainability issues, interpret the impacts of water-driven social disruptions on the stability of partner governments and U.S. interests abroad. The book also delivers specific recommendations to reorient U.S. development and diplomatic engagements that can forestall and prevent social disruptions and ensuing threats to U.S. prosperity and national security.

Modelling of Global Change Impacts on Hydrology with Focus on Europe and Africa

Modelling of Global Change Impacts on Hydrology with Focus on Europe and Africa Book
Author : Martina Weiß
Publisher : kassel university press GmbH
Release : 2009
ISBN : 3899587596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Modelling of Global Change Impacts on Hydrology with Focus on Europe and Africa book written by Martina Weiß, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Food Security and Climate Change

Food Security and Climate Change Book
Author : Shyam Singh Yadav,Robert J. Redden,Jerry L. Hatfield,Andreas W. Ebert,Danny Hunter
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-12-14
ISBN : 1119180635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book looks at the current state of food security and climate change, discusses the issues that are affecting them, and the actions required to ensure there will be enough food for the future. By casting a much wider net than most previously published books—to include select novel approaches, techniques, genes from crop diverse genetic resources or relatives—it shows how agriculture may still be able to triumph over the very real threat of climate change. Food Security and Climate Change integrates various challenges posed by changing climate, increasing population, sustainability in crop productivity, demand for food grains to sustain food security, and the anticipated future need for nutritious quality foods. It looks at individual factors resulting from climate change, including rising carbon emission levels, increasing temperature, disruptions in rainfall patterns, drought, and their combined impact on planting environments, crop adaptation, production, and management. The role of plant genetic resources, breeding technologies of crops, biotechnologies, and integrated farm management and agronomic good practices are included, and demonstrate the significance of food grain production in achieving food security during climate change. Food Security and Climate Change is an excellent book for researchers, scientists, students, and policy makers involved in agricultural science and technology, as well as those concerned with the effects of climate change on our environment and the food industry.