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Underground Pipeline Corrosion

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Underground Pipeline Corrosion

Underground Pipeline Corrosion Book
Author : Mark Orazem
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-17
ISBN : 0857099264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Underground pipelines transporting liquid petroleum products and natural gas are critical components of civil infrastructure, making corrosion prevention an essential part of asset-protection strategy. Underground Pipeline Corrosion provides a basic understanding of the problems associated with corrosion detection and mitigation, and of the state of the art in corrosion prevention. The topics covered in part one include: basic principles for corrosion in underground pipelines, AC-induced corrosion of underground pipelines, significance of corrosion in onshore oil and gas pipelines, numerical simulations for cathodic protection of pipelines, and use of corrosion inhibitors in managing corrosion in underground pipelines. The methods described in part two for detecting corrosion in underground pipelines include: magnetic flux leakage, close interval potential surveys (CIS/CIPS), Pearson surveys, in-line inspection, and use of both electrochemical and optical probes. While the emphasis is on pipelines transporting fossil fuels, the concepts apply as well to metallic pipes for delivery of water and other liquids. Underground Pipeline Corrosion is a comprehensive resource for corrosion, materials, chemical, petroleum, and civil engineers constructing or managing both onshore and offshore pipeline assets; professionals in steel and coating companies; and academic researchers and professors with an interest in corrosion and pipeline engineering. Reviews the causes and considers the detection and prevention of corrosion to underground pipes Addresses a lack of current, readily available information on the subject Case studies demonstrate how corrosion is managed in the underground pipeline industry

Pipeline Corrosion and Cathodic Protection

Pipeline Corrosion and Cathodic Protection Book
Author : Marshall Parker,Edward G. Peattie
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 1984
ISBN : 9780872011496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here is hands-on information for taking measurements and making the calculations necessary for cathodic protection of buried pipe lines.

Underground Pipeline Corrosion

Underground Pipeline Corrosion Book
Author : Mark E. Orazem
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780857095091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oil, gas, and other types of underground pipeline are critical components of civil infrastructure. Detecting the presence of corrosion which may cause a pipeline to fail is a major challenge. This important book reviews key research on understanding corrosion processes and methods for detecting corrosion, including magnetic flux leakage, the close interval potential survey method, the Pearson survey method, and in-line inspection techniques. Part one covers: basic principles for corrosion in underground pipelines, AC-induced corrosion of underground pipelines, significance of corrosion in onshore oil and gas pipelines, numerical simulations for cathodic protection of pipelines, and use of corrosion inhibitors in managing corrosion in underground pipelines. Part two describes methods for detecting corrosion in underground pipelines, such as: magnetic flux leakage, close interval potential surveys (CIS/CIPS), Pearson surveys, in-line inspection, and use of both electrochemical and optical probes.

A Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion

A Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1957
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion

Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1960
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines Book
Author : Y. Frank Cheng
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-13
ISBN : 1118537084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explains why pipeline stress corrosion cracking happens and how it can be prevented Pipelines sit at the heart of the global economy. When they are in good working order, they deliver fuel to meet the ever-growing demand for energy around the world. When they fail due to stress corrosion cracking, they can wreak environmental havoc. This book skillfully explains the fundamental science and engineering of pipeline stress corrosion cracking based on the latest research findings and actual case histories. The author explains how and why pipelines fall prey to stress corrosion cracking and then offers tested and proven strategies for preventing, detecting, and monitoring it in order to prevent pipeline failure. Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines begins with a brief introduction and then explores general principals of stress corrosion cracking, including two detailed case studies of pipeline failure. Next, the author covers: Near-neutral pH stress corrosion cracking of pipelines High pH stress corrosion cracking of pipelines Stress corrosion cracking of pipelines in acidic soil environments Stress corrosion cracking at pipeline welds Stress corrosion cracking of high-strength pipeline steels The final chapter is dedicated to effective management and mitigation of pipeline stress corrosion cracking. Throughout the book, the author develops a number of theoretical models and concepts based on advanced microscopic electrochemical measurements to help readers better understand the occurrence of stress corrosion cracking. By examining all aspects of pipeline stress corrosion cracking—the causes, mechanisms, and management strategies—this book enables engineers to construct better pipelines and then maintain and monitor them to ensure safe, reliable energy supplies for the world.

Pipeline Coatings

Pipeline Coatings Book
Author : Y. Frank Cheng,Richard Norsworthy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-06-20
ISBN : 9781575903354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Starts with a history of generic pipeline coating types and technical information about use. Practical information about selection and evaluation for each type of coating system is provided. Discussion of how coatings work with cathodic protection, CP shielding by coatings and other related issues with the various coating systems related to CP.

Review of the Bureau of Reclamation s Corrosion Prevention Standards for Ductile Iron Pipe

Review of the Bureau of Reclamation s Corrosion Prevention Standards for Ductile Iron Pipe Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on the Review of the Bureau of Reclamation's Corrosion Prevention Standards for Ductile Iron Pipe
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-11-19
ISBN : 9780309147880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ductile iron pipe (DIP) was introduced about 50 years ago as a more economical and better-performing product for water transmission and distribution. As with iron or steel pipes, DIP is subject to corrosion, the rate of which depends on the environment in which the pipe is placed. Corrosion mitigation protocols are employed to slow the corrosion process to an acceptable rate for the application. When to use corrosion mitigation systems, and which system, depends on the corrosivity of the soils in which the pipeline is buried. The Bureau of Reclamation's specification for DIP in highly corrosive soil has been contested by some as an overly stringent requirement, necessitating the pipe to be modified from its as-manufactured state and thereby adding unnecessary cost to a pipeline system. This book evaluates the specifications in question and presents findings and recommendations. Specifically, the authoring committee answers the following questions: Does polyethylene encasement with cathodic protection work on ductile iron pipe installed in highly corrosive soils? Will polyethylene encasement and cathodic protection reliably provide a minimum service life of 50 years? What possible alternative corrosion mitigation methods for DIP would provide a service life of 50 years?

Corrosion and Materials in the Oil and Gas Industries

Corrosion and Materials in the Oil and Gas Industries Book
Author : Reza Javaherdashti,Chikezie Nwaoha,Henry Tan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1466556250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The advancement of methods and technologies in the oil and gas industries calls for new insight into the corrosion problems these industries face daily. With the application of more precise instruments and laboratory techniques as well as the development of new scientific paradigms, corrosion professionals are also witnessing a new era in the way d

A Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion

A Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1957
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion

A Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion Book
Author : George B. McComb
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1959
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Collection of Papers on Underground Pipeline Corrosion book written by George B. McComb, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Technology Standard of Pipe Rehabilitation

Technology Standard of Pipe Rehabilitation Book
Author : Lu Wang,Chunwen Yan,Junyu Xu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-02-12
ISBN : 9813349840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the technical method and construction process of underground pipeline testing, cleaning, updating and repairing. It has 20 chapters and an appendix in total. Its content includes: Pipeline rehabilitation construction organization design, Pipeline cleaning, Preparations before construction, Pipeline detection and quality assessment, Pipeline rehabilitation design/method/equipment selection/steps/technical indicators, Pipe Cracking & Bursting method, Sliplining method, Pipe Segments Method, Lining with Inserted hose(improved) method, Cured in place pipe(CIPP), Spray lining, Spiral winding method, Spot repair method, universal construction techniques, construction of general rules, the engineering quality acceptance, construction health, safety, environmental protection and production management, and so on. The appendix is the interpretation for the relevant technical terms in this book. It could help the reader who doesn’t have the basic knowledge about pipe rehabilitation to understand this technology easily. This regulation could be the fundamental discipline for pipeline renewal projects in different industries. It could provide the important basis and criterion for design, construction, management, inspection and acceptance of pipeline renewal projects.

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : Torben Lund Skovhus,Dennis Enning,Jason S. Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-03
ISBN : 1351654691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microorganisms are ubiquitously present in petroleum reservoirs and the facilities that produce them. Pipelines, vessels, and other equipment used in upstream oil and gas operations provide a vast and predominantly anoxic environment for microorganisms to thrive. The biggest technical challenge resulting from microbial activity in these engineered environments is the impact on materials integrity. Oilfield microorganisms can affect materials integrity profoundly through a multitude of elusive (bio)chemical mechanisms, collectively referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). MIC is estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all corrosion-related costs in the oil and gas industry. This book is intended as a comprehensive reference for integrity engineers, production chemists, oilfield microbiologists, and scientists working in the field of petroleum microbiology or corrosion. Exhaustively researched by leaders from both industry and academia, this book discusses the latest technological and scientific advances as well as relevant case studies to convey to readers an understanding of MIC and its effective management.

Corrosion Control for Offshore Structures

Corrosion Control for Offshore Structures Book
Author : Ramesh Singh
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2014-08-12
ISBN : 0124046908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A variable game changer for those companies operating in hostile, corrosive marine environments, Corrosion Control for Offshore Structures provides critical corrosion control tips and techniques that will prolong structural life while saving millions in cost. In this book, Ramesh Singh explains the ABCs of prolonging structural life of platforms and pipelines while reducing cost and decreasing the risk of failure. Corrosion Control for Offshore Structures places major emphasis on the popular use of cathodic protection (CP) combined with high efficiency coating to prevent subsea corrosion. This reference begins with the fundamental science of corrosion and structures and then moves on to cover more advanced topics such as cathodic protection, coating as corrosion prevention using mill applied coatings, field applications, and the advantages and limitations of some common coating systems. In addition, the author provides expert insight on a number of NACE and DNV standards and recommended practices as well as ISO and Standard and Test Methods. Packed with tables, charts and case studies, Corrosion Control for Offshore Structures is a valuable guide to offshore corrosion control both in terms of its theory and application. Prolong the structural life of your offshore platforms and pipelines Understand critical topics such as cathodic protection and coating as corrosion prevention with mill applied coatings Gain expert insight on a number of NACE and DNV standards and recommended practices as well as ISO and Standard Test Methods.

Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge Based Systems Applications

Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge Based Systems  Applications Book
Author : Jesús Medina,Manuel Ojeda-Aciego,José Luis Verdegay,Irina Perfilieva,Bernadette Bouchon-Meunier,Ronald R. Yager
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-29
ISBN : 3319914790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This three volume set (CCIS 853-855) constitutes the proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems, IPMU 2017, held in Cádiz, Spain, in June 2018. The 193 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 383 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on advances on explainable artificial intelligence; aggregation operators, fuzzy metrics and applications; belief function theory and its applications; current techniques to model, process and describe time series; discrete models and computational intelligence; formal concept analysis and uncertainty; fuzzy implication functions; fuzzy logic and artificial intelligence problems; fuzzy mathematical analysis and applications; fuzzy methods in data mining and knowledge discovery; fuzzy transforms: theory and applications to data analysis and image processing; imprecise probabilities: foundations and applications; mathematical fuzzy logic, mathematical morphology; measures of comparison and entropies for fuzzy sets and their extensions; new trends in data aggregation; pre-aggregation functions and generalized forms of monotonicity; rough and fuzzy similarity modelling tools; soft computing for decision making in uncertainty; soft computing in information retrieval and sentiment analysis; tri-partitions and uncertainty; decision making modeling and applications; logical methods in mining knowledge from big data; metaheuristics and machine learning; optimization models for modern analytics; uncertainty in medicine; uncertainty in Video/Image Processing (UVIP).

Pipeline Corrosion and Cathodic Protection

Pipeline Corrosion and Cathodic Protection Book
Author : Marshall E. Parker,Edward G. Peattie
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 9780884154808
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Pipeline Corrosion and Cathodic Protection book written by Marshall E. Parker,Edward G. Peattie, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Underground Corrosion Classic Reprint

Underground Corrosion  Classic Reprint  Book
Author : Melvin Romanoff
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 9780428172176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Excerpt from Underground Corrosion From the earth are obtained numerous raw materials that are processed into useful products. Conversely, any product placed in the earth ultimately tends to revert, by deterioration of non metals or corrosion of metals, to their original form as found in nature. As a result, the annual cost to the United States pipeline industry resulting from the protection and replacement of under ground structures due directly to corrosion has been estimated to be in the order of 600 million dollars. In addition, a higher and undeterminable cost results indirectly from corrosion through the loss of products, the loss of life and property by fire and explosion, overdesign of structures, and shutdown of services. This Circular supersedes the National Bureau of Standards Circular 450, issued in 1945, and is a condensed summary of the Bureau's investigations on the corrosion of metals in soils conducted over a period of 45 years. Included are many references to industrial investigations and field experiences related to the Bureau's underground corrosion studies. The aim is to provide a useful reference for the technician who is interested in the theoretical aspects of underground corrosion, and for the engineer who may be interested only in the practical aspects of the methods commonly used for the prevention of corrosion. In interpreting the data reported in the Circular, it should be borne in mind that there are many diverse factors that affect the corrosion of underground structures and that the planning of adequate tests and the proper interpretation of the results are matters of considerable difficulty. Further, much of the subsequently determined phenomena about the causes of corrosion in soils was not generally understood during the organization of' the investigations, and many of the early burial programs were exploratory in nature. Hence, for these reasons, experienced engineers frequently have different interpretations for the same corrosion data. Although a complete under standing of the phenomena of underground corrosion has not yet been attained, the results of the National Bureau of Standards investigations, have been a major contribution to a better under standing of the subject. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2017

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2017 Book
Author : Zhan Qu,Jia'en Lin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-11
ISBN : 9811075603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents selected papers from the 7th International Field Exploration and Development Conference (IFEDC 2017), which focus on upstream technologies used in oil & gas development, the principles of the process, and various design technologies. The conference not only provides a platform for exchanging lessons learned, but also promotes the development of scientific research in oil & gas exploration and production. The book will benefit a broad readership, including industry experts, researchers, educators, senior engineers and managers.

Handbook of Cathodic Corrosion Protection

Handbook of Cathodic Corrosion Protection Book
Author : Walter von Baeckmann,Wilhelm Schwenk,Werner Prinz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1997-10-17
ISBN : 9780080507903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive handbook covers all aspects of cathodic protection in terms of both practice and theory.