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Underexplored Medicinal Plants From Sub Saharan Africa

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Underexplored Medicinal Plants from Sub Saharan Africa

Underexplored Medicinal Plants from Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Namrita Lall
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-07
ISBN : 0128168218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Underexplored Medicinal Plants from Sub-Saharan Africa: Plants with Therapeutic Potential for Human Health examines a comprehensive selection of rarely explored plants that have been underestimated for their therapeutic value. The book contains monographs of medicinal plants, outlining their botanical description, geographical distribution, ethnobotanical usage, chemical constituents, sample and standard preparations and methods, and pharmacological properties. With expert contributors from South Africa, Mauritius, Seychelles, Cameroon and Nigeria, and the compilation of ethnobotanical, taxonomic and pharmacologic information for each species, this book is a valuable resource for researchers, academics in pharmacology, ethnopharmacology, medicinal plant sciences, and more. Explores the therapeutic potential of a comprehensive selection of underexplored and underutilized medicinal plants in sub-Sahara Africa Provides a summary table of structures of any known natural products, including details of plant source (chapter) and observed activity (e.g. anticancer, antibacterial) Includes contributions from experts from South African, Mauritius, Seychelles, Cameroon and Nigeria

Medicinal Plants for Cosmetics Health and Diseases

Medicinal Plants for Cosmetics  Health and Diseases Book
Author : Namrita Lall
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-07-19
ISBN : 1000599442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A book is like a garden carried in the pocket." – Chinese proverb This Chinese proverb simply means: Reading helps strengthen one’s intellect, which correlates with the feeling one will have, once they have read this book. Medicinal Plants in Cosmetics, Health and Disease describes diseases and ailments occurring in individuals worldwide including acne, ageing, various cancers, eczema and other conditions. This book explains each disease and ailment, allowing the reader to gain a better perspective on misunderstood and underestimated assumptions accompanying the ailment or condition. Not only does this book present information on different diseases and ailments, it presents a variety of plants and plant-based compounds demonstrating potential health benefits. Features: Provides details on a broad range of diseases and conditions prevalent throughout the world. Includes information on how plant bioactives can aid in the prevention, treatment and management of diseases and conditions including cancer, tuberculosis and anti-coagulants, acne, wrinkle formation and eczema. Each chapter provides a list of plants and plant-based compounds found globally, demonstrating their potential in treating various diseases and conditions. This book is appropriate for individuals having interest in learning several potential health benefits using bioactives derived from medicinal plants and phytomedicine. About the Editor Namrita Lall is a professor of Medicinal Plant Sciences, DST/ NRF SARCHII Chair in Plant Health Products from IKS, and is based at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. In addition to this, she holds numerous appointments, including an adjunct faculty position at the University of Missouri, JSS College of Pharmacy, India and a senior research fellow at the Bio-Tech R&D Institute, Jamaica. She has an interest in investigating medicinal plants and evaluating their potential for pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical purposes.

Aquatic Plants

Aquatic Plants Book
Author : Namrita Lall
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-26
ISBN : 042976894X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquatic Plants: Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Applications provides a concise description of popular aquatic plants found across the globe. The chapters in this beautifully illustrated, full-color book focus on the aquatic species native to specific continents. Written by a global team of experts, this book explains the distribution, ethnobotanical uses, genome sequencing, chemical compounds, and biological activity of these plants and addresses the cultivation and sustainable production of aquatic and wetland plants. Features: Describes the biological activity of a large collection of aquatic plants. Color photographs highlight each plant’s ethnobotanical characteristics, and structural formulae show their chemical constituents. Contributions come from leading scientists from countries including the United States, India, Mauritius, South Africa, and Cyprus. Aquatic Plants: Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Applications is a valuable resource for academics conducting research on aquatic plants and for professionals in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries who are involved with the therapeutic applications of these plants and their sustainable usage.

Non Timber Forest Products

Non Timber Forest Products Book
Author : Azamal Husen,Rakesh Kumar Bachheti,Archana Bachheti
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 3030730778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forests cover thirty-one percent of the world’s land surface, provide habitats for animals, livelihoods for humans, and generate household income in rural areas of developing countries. They also supply other essential amenities, for instance, they filter water, control water runoff, protect soil erosion, regulate climate, store nutrients, and facilitate countless non-timber forest products (NTFPs). The main NTFPs comprise herbs, grasses, climbers, shrubs, and trees used for food, fodder, fuel, beverages, medicine, animals, birds and fish for food, fur, and feathers, as well as their products, like honey, lac, silk, and paper. At present, these products play an important role in the daily life and well-being of millions of people worldwide. Hence the forest and its products are very valuable and often NTFPs are considered as the ‘potential pillars of sustainable forestry’. NTFPs items like food, herbal drugs, forage, fuel-wood, fountain, fibre, bamboo, rattans, leaves, barks, resins, and gums have been continuously used and exploited by humans. Wild edible foods are rich in terms of vitamins, protein, fat, sugars, and minerals. Additionally, some NTFPs are used as important raw materials for pharmaceutical industries. Numerous industry-based NTFPs are now being exported in considerable quantities by developing countries. Accordingly, this sector facilitates employment opportunities in remote rural areas. So, these developments also highlight the role of NTFPs in poverty alleviation in different regions of the world. This book provides a wide spectrum of information on NTFPs, including important references. We hope that the compendium of chapters in this book will be very useful as a reference book for graduate and postgraduate students and researchers in various disciplines of forestry, botany, medical botany, economic botany, ecology, agroforestry, and biology. Additionally, this book should be useful for scientists, experts, and consultants associated with the forestry sector.

Biodiversity of Vegetation and Flora in Tropical Africa

Biodiversity of Vegetation and Flora in Tropical Africa Book
Author : Lúıs Catarino,Maria M. Romeiras
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-03
ISBN : 3039435310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

African ecosystems comprise a wealthy repository of biodiversity, with a high proportion of native and endemic plant species, which makes them biologically unique and providers of a wide range of ecosystem services. A large part of African populations, in both rural and urban areas, depend on plants for their survival and welfare, but many ecosystems are being degraded, mostly due to the growing impacts of climate change and other anthropogenic actions and environmental problems. Loss of habitat and biodiversity affects livelihoods, water supply and food security and reduces the resilience of ecosystems in the African continent. The knowledge about the great African plant and ecosystem diversity, and the structure, composition and processes involved in vegetation dynamics, is crucial to promote their sustainable use and to preserve one of the most understudied regions in the world. This Special Issue aimed to gather contributions that update and improve such knowledge.

Child Behavioral Health in Sub Saharan Africa

Child Behavioral Health in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Fred M. Ssewamala,Ozge Sensoy Bahar,Mary M. McKay
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-11-23
ISBN : 9783030837068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the emerging research and policy development efforts to address child and adolescent behavioral health in Sub-Saharan Africa, where mental health policy is at an early stage and in need of context-specific attention to its successes and shortcomings. A diverse range of researchers, with expertise on relevant policy in both the region as a whole and country-specific contexts, including Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, and Uganda, outline theoretically informed, culturally appropriate, evidence-based, and youth- and family-focused service models. The first work of its kind with an exclusive focus on the understudied region of Sub-Saharan Africa, this text: Provides an overview of the current state of child and adolescent behavioral health in the region Evaluates empirical work on risk and protective factors influencing behavioral outcomes Highlights emerging intervention research and dialogue on what works to improve child and adolescent behavioral health Offers insight and strategies on how to advance child and adolescent behavioral health in policy, research, and practice Child Behavioral Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Towards Evidence Generation and Policy Development is a unique reference that offers guidance for current and future policy-makers, researchers, practitioners, and students as they seek to invest and engage in the healthy development of a future generation.

Social Dynamics of Adolescent Fertility in Sub Saharan Africa

Social Dynamics of Adolescent Fertility in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Working Group on the Social Dynamics of Adolescent Fertility
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1993-02-01
ISBN : 0309048974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This examination of changes in adolescent fertility emphasizes the changing social context within which adolescent childbearing takes place.

Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia

Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on a Study of Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Africa and South Asia
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-02-21
ISBN : 0309124948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increased agricultural productivity is a major stepping stone on the path out of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, but farmers there face tremendous challenges improving production. Poor soil, inefficient water use, and a lack of access to plant breeding resources, nutritious animal feed, high quality seed, and fuel and electricity-combined with some of the most extreme environmental conditions on Earth-have made yields in crop and animal production far lower in these regions than world averages. Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia identifies sixty emerging technologies with the potential to significantly improve agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Eighteen technologies are recommended for immediate development or further exploration. Scientists from all backgrounds have an opportunity to become involved in bringing these and other technologies to fruition. The opportunities suggested in this book offer new approaches that can synergize with each other and with many other activities to transform agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

African Natural Plant Products

African Natural Plant Products Book
Author : Chi-Tang Ho
Publisher : OUP USA
Release : 2010-02-18
ISBN : 9780841269873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an excellent opportunity to delve into the current and future contributions that African plants can and will continue to make both internal to Africa and on the global stage.

States of Disease

States of Disease Book
Author : Brian King
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2017-01-03
ISBN : 0520962117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human health is shaped by the interactions between social and ecological systems. In States of Disease, Brian King advances a social ecology of health framework to demonstrate how historical spatial formations contribute to contemporary vulnerabilities to disease and the opportunities for health justice. He examines how expanded access to antiretroviral therapy is transforming managed HIV in South Africa. And he reveals how environmental health is shifting due to global climate change and flooding variability in northern Botswana. These case studies illustrate how the political environmental context shapes the ways in which health is embodied, experienced, and managed.

Living in and from the forests of Central Africa

Living in and from the forests of Central Africa Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2017-01-01
ISBN : 9251094896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Living in and from the forests of Central Africa is intended first and foremost as a full-scale extension tool concerning NWFPs in Central Africa. It is a work on the groups who have always lived in these forests, forests that contribute to every aspect of their daily lives, both material and spiritual, and enable them to survive even in periods of extreme crisis.

Medicinal Plants for Holistic Health and Well Being

Medicinal Plants for Holistic Health and Well Being Book
Author : Namrita Lall
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-27
ISBN : 0128124768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medicinal Plants for Holistic Health and Well-Being discusses, in depth, the use of South African plants to treat a variety of ailments, including tuberculosis, cancer, periodontal diseases, acne, postmacular hypomelanosis, and more. Plants were selected on the basis of their traditional use, and the book details the scientific evidence that supports their pharmacological and therapeutic potential to safely and effectively treat each disease. Thus, this book is a valuable resource for all researchers, students and professors involved in advancing global medicinal plant research. Many plants found in South Africa are also found in other parts of the world. Each chapter highlights plants from other worldwide locations so that scientists can study which plants belong to the same family, and how similar qualities can be used to treat a specific disease. Uses traditional medicine as an efficient means to identify and further investigate South African and similar plants used as lead compounds in modern drug discovery Includes a number of chapters dedicated to using medicinal plants to treat various skin disorders, which is not covered often in other books on medicinal plants Organized by specific diseases, with vital evidence-based data related to the bioactivity, pharmacological potential, chemical structure and safety information

Governing Africa s Forests in a Globalized World

Governing Africa s Forests in a Globalized World Book
Author : Laura A. German,Anne-Marie Tiani
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2009-12
ISBN : 184977451X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many countries around the world are engaged in decentralization processes, and most African countries face serious problems with forest governance, from benefits sharing to illegality and sustainable forest management. This book summarizes experiences to date on the extent and nature of decentralization and its outcomes, most of which suggest an underperformance of governance reforms, and explores the viability of different governance instruments in the context of weak governance and expanding commercial pressures over forests. Findings are grouped into two thematic areas: decentralization, livelihoods and sustainable forest management; and international trade, finance and forest sector governance reforms. The authors examine diverse forces shaping the forest sector, including the theory and practice of decentralization, usurpation of authority, corruption and illegality, inequitable patterns of benefits capture and expansion of international trade in timber and carbon credits, and discuss related outcomes on livelihoods, forest condition and equity. The book builds on earlier volumes exploring different dimensions of decentralization and perspectives from other world regions, and distills dimensions of forest governance that are both unique to Africa and representative of broader global patterns. Authors ground their analysis in relevant theory while attempting to distill implications of their findings for policy and practice.

Turn Down the Heat

Turn Down the Heat Book
Author : A Report for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Analytics.
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2013-06-19
ISBN : 1464800553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report focuses on the risks of climate change to development in Sub-Saharan Africa, South East Asia and South Asia. Building on the 2012 report, Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must be Avoided, this new scientific analysis examines the likely impacts of present day, 2°C and 4°C warming on agricultural production, water resources, and coastal vulnerability. It finds many significant climate and development impacts are already being felt in some regions, and that as warming increases from present day (0.8°C) to 2°C and 4°C, multiple threats of increasing extreme heat waves, sea-level rise, more severe storms, droughts and floods are expected to have further severe negative implications for the poorest and most vulnerable. The report finds that agricultural yields will be affected across the three regions, with repercussions for food security, economic growth, and poverty reduction. In addition, urban areas have been identified as new clusters of vulnerability with urban dwellers, particularly the urban poor, facing significant vulnerability to climate change. In Sub-Saharan Africa, under 3°C global warming, savannas are projected to decrease from their current levels to approximately one-seventh of total land area and threaten pastoral livelihoods. Under 4°C warming, total hyper-arid and arid areas are projected to expand by 10 percent. In South East Asia, under 2°C warming, heat extremes that are virtually absent today would cover nearly 60-70 percent of total land area in northern-hemisphere summer, adversely impacting ecosystems. Under 4°C warming, rural populations would face mounting pressures from sea-level rise, increased tropical cyclone intensity, storm surges, saltwater intrusions, and loss of marine ecosystem services. In South Asia, the potential sudden onset of disturbances to the monsoon system and rising peak temperatures would put water and food resources at severe risk. Well before 2°C warming occurs, substantial reductions in the frequency of low snow years is projected to cause substantial reductions in dry season flow, threatening agriculture. Many of the worst climate impacts could still be avoided by holding warming below 2°C, but the window for action is closing rapidly. Urgent action is also needed to build resilience to a rapidly warming world that will pose significant risks to agriculture, water resources, coastal infrastructure, and human health.

Inequality of Opportunity

Inequality of Opportunity Book
Author : Juan Gabriel Rodriguez
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2011-10-12
ISBN : 1780520344
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eight papers, both theoretical and applied, on the concept of equality of opportunity which says that a society should guarantee its members equal access to advantage regardless of their circumstances, while holding them responsible for turning that access into actual advantage by the application of effort.

The Genetics of African Populations in Health and Disease

The Genetics of African Populations in Health and Disease Book
Author : Muntaser E. Ibrahim,Charles N. Rotimi
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-12-19
ISBN : 1107072026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A pioneering work that focuses on the unique diversity of African genetics, offering insights into human biology and genetic approaches.

Popular Medicinal Plants in Portland and Kingston Jamaica

Popular Medicinal Plants in Portland and Kingston  Jamaica Book
Author : Ina Vandebroek,David Picking
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-05
ISBN : 3030489272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the results from over a year of ethnobotanical research in a rural and an urban community in Jamaica, where we interviewed more than 100 people who use medicinal plants for healthcare. The goal of this research was to better understand patterns of medicinal plant knowledge, and to find out which plants are used in consensus by local people for a variety of illnesses. For this book, we selected 25 popular medicinal plant species mentioned during fieldwork. Through individual interviews, we were able to rank plants according to their frequency of mention, and categorized the medicinal uses for each species as “major” (mentioned by more than 20% of people in a community) or “minor” (mentioned by more than 5%, but less than 20% of people). Botanical identification of plant specimens collected in the wild allowed for cross-linking of common and scientific plant names. To supplement field research, we undertook a comprehensive search and review of the ethnobotanical and biomedical literature. Our book summarizes all this information in detail under specific sub-headings.

Medicinal Plants of East Africa

Medicinal Plants of East Africa Book
Author : Najma Dharani,Abiy Yenesew
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9789966051677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Medicinal Plants of East Africa book written by Najma Dharani,Abiy Yenesew, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Medicinal Plant Research in Africa

Medicinal Plant Research in Africa Book
Author : Victor Kuete
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-06-19
ISBN : 0124059368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The pharmacopoeias of most African countries are available and contain an impressive number of medicinal plants used for various therapeutic purposes. Many African scholars have distinguished themselves in the fields of organic chemistry, pharmacology, and pharmacognosy and other areas related to the study of plant medicinal plants. However, until now, there is no global standard book on the nature and specificity of chemicals isolated in African medicinal plants, as well as a book bringing together and discussing the main bioactive metabolites of these plants. This book explores the essence of natural substances from African medicinal plants and their pharmacological potential. In light of possible academic use, this book also scans the bulk of African medicinal plants extract having promising pharmacological activities. The book contains data of biologically active plants of Africa, plant occurring compounds and synthesis pathways of secondary metabolites. This book explores the essence of natural substances from African medicinal plants and their pharmacological potential The authors are world reknowned African Scientists.

Agribusiness for Africa s Prosperity

Agribusiness for Africa s Prosperity Book
Author : United Nations
Publisher : United Nations Publications
Release : 2012-02
ISBN : 9789211064469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, a renewed focus on agriculture has been evident in policy and development agendas for the African continent, yet little knowledge has been generated on the interlinkages of production, agroindustry and markets, as well as the potentials and challenges for developing these. This publication analyzes the challenges, the potential and opportunities of African agribusiness in the current period of dramatic changes in global agro-industrial markets, and builds a case for agribusiness development as a path to Africa's prosperity. Written by international experts, from agribusiness practitioners, to academic experts and UN technical agencies, this volume fills what the United Nations Industrial Development Organization perceived as a significant gap in knowledge concerning these issues.