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Ultraviolet Astronomy And The Quest For The Origin Of Life

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Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life Book
Author : Ana I. Gomez de Castro
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-20
ISBN : 0128191716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life addresses the use of astronomical observations in the ultraviolet range to better understand the generation of complex, life-precursor molecules. The origin of RNA is still under debate but seems to be related to the generation of pools of complex organic molecules submitted to heavy cycles of solution in water and drying. This book investigates whether these cycles require a planetary surface or may occur in space by examining both the theoretical and observational aspects of the role of UV radiation in the origin of life. This book offers the latest advances in these studies for astronomers, astrobiologists and planetary scientists. Addresses both the theoretical and observational aspects of the role of Ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the origin of life Builds on the requirements to produce prebiotic molecules in space and the implications for the origin of RNA Investigates the use of ultraviolet observations related to planetary system formation, the evolution of young planetary disks, and the interaction of stars with planetary atmospheres

Multimessenger Astronomy

Multimessenger Astronomy Book
Author : John Etienne Beckman
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-17
ISBN : 3030683729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Multimessenger Astronomy book written by John Etienne Beckman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Genesis Quest

The Genesis Quest Book
Author : Michael Marshall
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2021-09-17
ISBN : 0226818047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the primordial soup to meteorite impact zones, the Manhattan Project to the latest research, this book is the first full history of the scientists who strive to explain the genesis of life. How did life begin? Why are we here? These are some of the most profound questions we can ask. For almost a century, a small band of eccentric scientists has struggled to answer these questions and explain one of the greatest mysteries of all: how and why life began on Earth. There are many different proposals, and each idea has attracted passionate believers who promote it with an almost religious fervor, as well as detractors who reject it with equal passion. But the quest to unravel life’s genesis is not just a story of big ideas. It is also a compelling human story, rich in personalities, conflicts, and surprising twists and turns. Along the way, the journey takes in some of the greatest discoveries in modern biology, from evolution and cells to DNA and life’s family tree. It is also a search whose end may finally be in sight. In The Genesis Quest, Michael Marshall shows how the quest to understand life’s beginning is also a journey to discover the true nature of life, and by extension our place in the universe.

Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System

Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System Book
Author : M. Vázquez,A. Hanslmeier
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-06-30
ISBN : 1402037309
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the history of science the opening up of a new observational or experimental window is always followed by an increase in knowledge of the subject concerned. This is also the case with the subject of this book, ultraviolet radiation (hereafter UV). In principle, the ultraviolet range might be just one more of these windows, of no particular importance. However, the energy per UV photon provides the main peculiarity, its magnitude being great enough to produce important ch- ical reactions in the atmospheres of planets and satellites, thereby a?ecting the transmission of this radiation to the ground. The Sun is the main natural source of UV radiation in the Solar System and our planet is the body where its in?uences can be best tested and the only one where its relation with life can be studied. However, the terrestrial atmosphere blocksmostofthephotonsinthiselectromagneticrangeandastronomershavehad to develop various techniques (balloons, planes and rockets) to cross this barrier and access the information. These tools have been used in parallel to investigate the physical properties of the terrestrial atmosphere and the interaction of its constituents with light. This book will addresses most of these topics.

In Quest of the Universe

In Quest of the Universe Book
Author : Theo Koupelis
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2012-12
ISBN : 1449647944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every new copy of In Quest of the Universe, Seventh Edition print textbook includes access to the Companion WebsiteDesigned for the nonscience major, In Quest of the Universe, Seventh Edition provides a comprehensive, accessible introduction to astronomy, while taking students on an exciting trek through our solar system and beyond. Updated throughout with the latest findings in this fast-paced field, the author unfolds historical and contemporary theories in astronomy to provide a clear account of how the science works. His student-friendly writing style and clear explanations acquaint students with our own solar system before moving on to the stars and distant galaxies. New Comparative Planetology boxes and data table throughout the text examine the similarities and differences in the geology, evolution, and atmospheres of all the planets in our solar system. This rich pedagogy further engages students and motivates them to think critically and develop basic reasoning skills in their studies.New and Key Features of the Seventh Edition:-Updated throughout with the latest discoveries in the field, with new and expanded content found in each chapter.-Added critical thinking and problem solving exercises can be found at the end of each chapter.-New boxes and data tables throughout examine the similarities and differences in the geology, evolution, and atmospheres of all planets in our solar system.-To increase understanding and clarity, sample calculations have been added to mathematical sections-Instructor's materials include PowerPoint Lecture Slides, PowerPoint Image Bank, Test Bank, Instructor's Manual, animations, and more.-The companion Web site, Starlinks, is included with every new copy of the text and includes study quizzes, Exploration Web links, animated flashcards, an online glossary, chapter outlines, a calendar of upcoming astronomical events, a guide to the constellations, and a new math review/tutor.

Cosmic Genetic Evolution

Cosmic Genetic Evolution Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-18
ISBN : 0128215259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cosmic Genetic Evolution, Volume 106 in the Advances in Genetics series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on Panspermia, Cometary Panspermia and Origin of Life, The Efficient Lamarckian Spread of Life in the Cosmos, The Sociology of Science and Generality of the DNA/RNA/Protein Paradigm Throughout the Cosmos, The Mutagenic Source and Power of Our Own Evolution, Origin of New Emergent Coronavirus and Candida Fungal Diseases – Terrestrial or Cosmic?, and Future Prospects for Investigation -The Near-Earth Neighborhood and Beyond. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Genetics series Updated release includes the latest information on the Cosmic Genetic Evolution

Planetary and Interstellar Processes Relevant to the Origins of Life

Planetary and Interstellar Processes Relevant to the Origins of Life Book
Author : D.C.B. Whittet
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 9401589070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These are exciting times for exobiology. The ubiquity of organic molecules in interstellar clouds, comets and asteroids strongly supports a cosmic perspective on the origin of life. Data from both ground-based telescopes and the recently launched Infrared Space Observatory are providing new insight into the complexity of carbon-based chemistry beyond the Earth. Meteorites give us solid evidence for extraterrestrial amino acids, and putative fossil evidence for life in a 3.6 billion-year-old Martian meteorite hints that life in our system might not be the sole prerogative of the Earth. Giant planets have now been discovered orbiting other stars, and although such planets seem unlikely to be habitable themselves, their existence strongly suggests what many astronomers have long believed - that planetary systems are commonplace. All these topics are reviewed in this volume by active researchers. The level is appropriate for graduate students in astronomy, biology, chemistry, earth sciences, physics, and related disciplines. It will also provide a valuable source of reference for active researchers in these fields.

Exoplanets

Exoplanets Book
Author : Donald Goldsmith
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2018-09-10
ISBN : 0674988876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Astronomers have recently discovered thousands of exotic planets that orbit stars throughout our Milky Way galaxy. With his characteristic wit and style, Donald Goldsmith shows how these observations have already broadened our planetary horizons, and tells us what may come next, including the ultimate discovery: life beyond our home planet.

Fundamental Questions in Astrophysics Guidelines for Future UV Observatories

Fundamental Questions in Astrophysics  Guidelines for Future UV Observatories Book
Author : Ana I. Gómez de Castro,Willem Wamsteker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-01-30
ISBN : 1402048394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern astrophysics has evolved early phases of discovery and classification to a physics-oriented quest for answers to fundamental problems from cosmology to the origin and diversity of life-sustainable systems in the Universe. Future progress in modern astrophysics requires access to the electromagnetic spectrum in the broadest energy range. This book describes the fundamental problems in modern astrophysics that cannot progress without easy and wide-spread access to modern UV instrumentation.

In Quest of the Universe

In Quest of the Universe Book
Author : Karl F. Kuhn
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download In Quest of the Universe book written by Karl F. Kuhn, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Origins

Origins Book
Author : Joseph Seckbach
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2006-05-07
ISBN : 140202522X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book forty eminent scientists examine the astrobiological origins of life and the emergence of biodiversity in extreme environments. The coverage includes extremophiles: microbes living in hostile conditions of high temperature, psychrophilic, UV radiation, and halophilic environments. Also discussed are the origin and history of Martian water, and the possible biogeochemistry inside Titan.

The Origin of Life by Natural Causes

The Origin of Life by Natural Causes Book
Author : Martin Gerard Rutten
Publisher : Elsevier Publishing Company
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Origin of Life by Natural Causes book written by Martin Gerard Rutten, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Origin and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres

Origin and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres Book
Author : Helmut Lammer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-09
ISBN : 3642320864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the author’s own work and results obtained by international teams he coordinated, this SpringerBrief offers a concise discussion of the origin and early evolution of atmospheres of terrestrial planets during the active phase of their host stars, as well as of the environmental conditions which are necessary in order for planets like the Earth to obtain N_2-rich atmospheres. Possible thermal and non-thermal atmospheric escape processes are discussed in a comparative way between the planets in the Solar System and exoplanets. Lastly, a hypothesis for how to test and study the discussed atmosphere evolution theories using future UV transit observations of terrestrial exoplanets within the orbits of dwarf stars is presented.

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium Book
Author : National Research Council,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Space Studies Board,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-02-16
ISBN : 0309070317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this new book, a distinguished panel makes recommendations for the nation's programs in astronomy and astrophysics, including a number of new initiatives for observing the universe. With the goal of optimum value, the recommendations address the role of federal research agencies, allocation of funding, training for scientists, competition and collaboration among space facilities, and much more. The book identifies the most pressing science questions and explains how specific efforts, from the Next Generation Space Telescope to theoretical studies, will help reveal the answers. Discussions of how emerging information technologies can help scientists make sense of the wealth of data available are also included. Astronomy has significant impact on science in general as well as on public imagination. The committee discusses how to integrate astronomical discoveries into our education system and our national life. In preparing the New Millennium report, the AASC made use of a series of panel reports that address various aspects of ground- and space-based astronomy and astrophysics. These reports provide in-depth technical detail. Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millenium: An Overview summarizes the science goals and recommended initiatives in a short, richly illustrated, non-technical booklet.

Europe s Quest for The Universe

Europe s Quest for The Universe Book
Author : Woltjer Lodewijk
Publisher : EDP Sciences
Release : 2012-12-03T00:00:00+01:00
ISBN : 2759801675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Some of the more striking results obtained or anticipated on the ground or in space at radio, infrared and visible wavelengths and in X-, gamma-ray and cosmic-rays are covered. The roles of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and the European Space Agency (ESA) are stressed, but national initiatives are also touched upon. Input into the research system in the form of financing and personnel and output as publications are evaluated. The time frame covered extends from around 1980 till about 2020. While this book centers on European developments, comparisons with what others are doing are included. After the war Europe in science had fallen far behind the US. Thanks to European cooperation equality has again been reached. Through ESO's Very Large Telescope and ESA's missions, like the Infrared Space Observatory, X- and gamma- ray satellites, Mars Express and others, Europe is fully and independently present at the forefront. The need to integrate the scientists and engineers from the new EU countries into the overall organization of European science is noted, an integration which ultimately could extend even further eastward. This book addresses a wide audience: astronomers and space scientists, students, politicians involved in science funding, amateur astronomers and the educated public with an interest in the science and technology achievable by European cooperation.

Space Exploration and Humanity A Historical Encyclopedia 2 volumes

Space Exploration and Humanity  A Historical Encyclopedia  2 volumes  Book
Author : American Astronautical Society
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2010-08-23
ISBN : 1851095195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A complete history of human endeavors in space, this book also moves beyond the traditional topics of human spaceflight, space technology, and space science to include political, social, cultural, and economic issues, and also commercial, civilian, and military applications. • 580 articles describing various aspects of manned and unmanned space exploration, including a full range of social, technological, and political issues, such as government policy, nationalism, and the technology/military-driven economy • Six overview essays, introducing each of the encyclopedia's major sections and putting that aspect of space exploration into historical context • 136 contributors, many who are leading space historians and experts affiliated with the American Astronautical Society, make firsthand knowledge and fresh insights accessible to all audiences • Numerous photos, including stunning shots from space, star charts, technical drawings, and more • Short bibliographies conclude each entry, pointing readers to the best sources to find out more about the topic • A Glossary defining the various technical terms encountered in the encyclopedia

The Chemical Evolution of Phosphorus

The Chemical Evolution of Phosphorus Book
Author : Enrique Macia-Barber
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-12-11
ISBN : 042956015X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here is a fascinating reader-friendly exploration of “the phosphorus enigma.” The volume attempts to answer the questions: How did phosphorus atoms, which are produced inside the inner cores of a handful of huge stars, become concentrated in relatively high proportions in the organisms composing Earth’s biosphere? And how did these phosphate derivatives manage to be included in such a great variety of organic molecules playing essential biochemical roles in all known life forms? Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the topic, the volume is arranged in three sections. The first section introduces the fundamental concepts and notions of physics, chemistry, and biology necessary for the proper understanding of the topics discussed within an astronomical framework. The author then focuses on the role of phosphorus and its compounds within the context of chemical evolution in galaxies, considering its relevance in most essential biochemical functions as well as its peculiar chemistry under different physicochemical conditions. The third section provides an overall perspective on the role of phosphorus and its compounds in current areas of research of solid state physics, materials engineering, nanotechnology or medicine.

From Fossils to Astrobiology

From Fossils to Astrobiology Book
Author : Joseph Seckbach,Maud Walsh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-11-07
ISBN : 140208837X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Fossils to Astrobiology reviews developments in paleontology and geobiology that relate to the rapidly-developing field of Astrobiology, the study of life in the Universe. Many traditional areas of scientific study, including astronomy, chemistry and planetary science, contribute to Astrobiology, but the study of the record of life on planet Earth is critical in guiding investigations in the rest of the cosmos. In this varied book, expert scientists from 15 countries present peer-reviewed, stimulating reviews of paleontological and astrobiological studies. The overviews of established and emerging techniques for studying modern and ancient microorganisms on Earth and beyond, will be valuable guides to evaluating biosignatures which could be found in the extraterrestrial surface or subsurface within the Solar System and beyond. This volume also provides discussion on the controversial reports of "nanobacteria" in the Martian meteorite ALH84001. It is a unique volume among Astrobiology monographs in focusing on fossil evidence from the geological record and will be valuable to students and researchers alike.

Fundamental Questions in Astrophysics Guidelines for Future UV Observatories

Fundamental Questions in Astrophysics  Guidelines for Future UV Observatories Book
Author : Ana I. Gómez de Castro,Willem Wamsteker
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-10-19
ISBN : 9789048172085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern astrophysics has evolved early phases of discovery and classification to a physics-oriented quest for answers to fundamental problems from cosmology to the origin and diversity of life-sustainable systems in the Universe. Future progress in modern astrophysics requires access to the electromagnetic spectrum in the broadest energy range. This book describes the fundamental problems in modern astrophysics that cannot progress without easy and wide-spread access to modern UV instrumentation.

Astronomy

Astronomy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Astronomy book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.