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Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

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Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions Book
Author : Ramona Vogt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-06-04
ISBN : 9780080525365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in high energy heavy-ion physics. It is relevant for students who will work on topics being explored at RHIC and the LHC. In the first part, the basic principles of these studies are covered including kinematics, cross sections (including the quark model and parton distribution functions), the geometry of nuclear collisions, thermodynamics, hydrodynamics and relevant aspects of lattice gauge theory at finite temperature. The second part covers some more specific probes of heavy-ion collisions at these energies: high mass thermal dileptons, quarkonium and hadronization. The second part also serves as extended examples of concepts learned in the previous part. Both parts contain examples in the text as well as exercises at the end of each chapter. - Designed for students and newcomers to the field - Focuses on hard probes and QCD - Covers all aspects of high energy heavy-ion physics - Includes worked example problems and exercises

Melting Hadrons Boiling Quarks From Hagedorn Temperature to Ultra Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions at CERN

Melting Hadrons  Boiling Quarks   From Hagedorn Temperature to Ultra Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions at CERN Book
Author : Johann Rafelski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-21
ISBN : 3319175459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows how the study of multi-hadron production phenomena in the years after the founding of CERN culminated in Hagedorn's pioneering idea of limiting temperature, leading on to the discovery of the quark-gluon plasma -- announced, in February 2000 at CERN. Following the foreword by Herwig Schopper -- the Director General (1981-1988) of CERN at the key historical juncture -- the first part is a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn (1919-2003) and includes contributions by contemporary friends and colleagues, and those who were most touched by Hagedorn: Tamás Biró, Igor Dremin, Torleif Ericson, Marek Gaździcki, Mark Gorenstein, Hans Gutbrod, Maurice Jacob, István Montvay, Berndt Müller, Grazyna Odyniec, Emanuele Quercigh, Krzysztof Redlich, Helmut Satz, Luigi Sertorio, Ludwik Turko, and Gabriele Veneziano. The second and third parts retrace 20 years of developments that after discovery of the Hagedorn temperature in 1964 led to its recognition as the melting point of hadrons into boiling quarks, and to the rise of the experimental relativistic heavy ion collision program. These parts contain previously unpublished material authored by Hagedorn and Rafelski: conference retrospectives, research notes, workshop reports, in some instances abbreviated to avoid duplication of material, and rounded off with the editor's explanatory notes. About the editor: Johann Rafelski is a theoretical physicist working at The University of Arizona in Tucson, USA. Bor n in 1950 in Krakow, Poland, he received his Ph.D. with Walter Greiner in Frankfurt, Germany in 1973. Rafelski arrived at CERN in 1977, where in a joint effort with Hagedorn he contributed greatly to the establishment of the relativistic heavy ion collision, and quark-gluon plasma research fields. Moving on, with stops in Frankfurt and Cape Town, to Arizona, he invented and developed the strangeness quark flavor as the signature of quark-gluon plasma.

Particle Production in Highly Excited Matter

Particle Production in Highly Excited Matter Book
Author : Hans H. Gutbrod,Johann Rafelski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461529409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seven years after the first experiments in the new field of Nuclear Physics, the Highly Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics, the Nato-Advanced- Study-Institute on the 'Particle Production in Highly Excited Matter' was held from July 12 till July 24, 1992, at Il Ciocco, Castelvecchio Pascoli, near Lucca in Italy. The school took place at a mo ment when intensive efforts are mounted by the scientific community of Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics to meet the extraordinary challenge of the new upcoming physics opportunities. The gold beams of 10 GeV A at Brookhaven AGS have been sent to the experiments this Summer and we extent our congratulations to the persons and teams who made this possible. The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven is under construction and expected to allow experiments to see collisions in the intersec tion regions early 1998. The lead beams at the SPS at CERN scheduled for summer 1994 are eagerly awaited by 6 large experiments, and many scientists are planning the experiments at the planned LHC with heavy ions to be turned on before the year 2000. Seen against this background of rather fierce activity, we were most delighted when NATO accepted our application for an Advanced Study Institute oriented to the main subject of this young and dynamic field of research. We are very grateful to the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO and Dr. L. DaCunha, the director of the Advanced Study Institute program for giving our community this opportunity.

Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions Book
Author : L. P. Csernai
Publisher : John Wiley & Son Limited
Release : 1994-05-10
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions László P. Csernai University of Bergen, Norway Written for postgraduates and advanced undergraduates in physics, this clear and concise work covers a wide range of subjects from intermediate to ultra-relativistic energies, thus providing an introductory overview of heavy ion physics. The reader is introduced to essential principles in heavy ion physics through a variety of questions, with answers, of varying difficulty. This timely text is based on a series of well received lectures given by Professor L. Csernai at the University of Minnesota, and the University of Bergen, where the author is based.

Quark Gluon Plasma 3

Quark  Gluon Plasma 3 Book
Author : Rudolph C. Hwa,Xin-Nian Wan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9812795537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation. Text reviews the major topics in Quark-Gluon Plasma, including: the QCD phase diagram, the transition temperature, equation of state, heavy quark free energies, and thermal modifications of hadron properties. Includes index, references, and appendix. For researchers and practitioners.

QCD Perspectives on Hot and Dense Matter

QCD Perspectives on Hot and Dense Matter Book
Author : Jean-Paul Blaizot,Edmond Iancu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-11-30
ISBN : 9781402010361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many facets of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) are relevant to the in-depth discussion of theoretical and experimental aspects of high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. Exciting phenomena are being discovered in such ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions, notably the increasingly important role of deconfined quark-gluon matter created in the early stage. The book contains lectures on the physics of hot dense matter, the expected phase transitions and colour superconductivity, recent developments in the treatment of nonlinear effects at large parton densities, fundamental issues in the phenomenology of ultrarelativistic heavy collisions. The latest data on heavy ion collisions are also presented. A unique collection of lectures on the many facets of QCD relevant to the physics of hot dense matter.

Gauge String Duality Hot QCD and Heavy Ion Collisions

Gauge String Duality  Hot QCD and Heavy Ion Collisions Book
Author : Jorge Casalderrey-Solana,Hong Liu,David Mateos,Krishna Rajagopal,Dr Urs Wiedemann
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-06-19
ISBN : 1107022460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to gauge/string duality and its applications to quark-gluon plasma for researchers in string theory and quantum field theory.

Quark Gluon Plasma

Quark Gluon Plasma Book
Author : Kohsuke Yagi,Tetsuo Hatsuda,Yasuo Miake
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-12-15
ISBN : 9780521561082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced text/reference on QGP and quantum chromodynamics covering both theory and experiments.

Particle Production Spanning MeV and TeV Energies

Particle Production Spanning MeV and TeV Energies Book
Author : W. Kittel,P.J. Mulders,O. Scholten
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401141266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Particle production is an important topic in nuclear and particle physics. At high energies, particle production is considered to proceed via parton branching and subsequent fragmentation into hadrons. The study of the dynamics of this process and the study of the structure of hadrons in the context of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) belong to the challenges of the standard model of elementary particle physics, requiring new, nonperturba tive approaches in field theory. Within a nucleus, many-body dynamics is important and particle production may be used to determine many features of a non-equilibrium quantum system at low or high temperatures. At this Advanced Study Institute the different aspects of particle pro duction were expanded upon in a series of lectures given by experts in their fields, covering topics ranging from near-threshold meson production in proton-proton collisions to correlations in multi-GeV jet fragmentation in high-energy scattering processes and signals of a quark-gluon plasma formed in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Strong emphasis was placed not only on state of the art research, but also on the necessary physics back ground. The lectures were supplemented by problem sets and discussion sessions. There was also time for students to present short contributions on their research.

From E e to Heavy Ion Collisions

From E e  to Heavy Ion Collisions Book
Author : Tamas Csorgo,S ndor Hegyi,W. Kittel
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9789810246556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers various experimental and theoretical aspects of multiparticle production in high energy interactions from lepton-lepton, lepton-hadron, hadron-hadron, hadron-nucleus and heavy ion collisons. This is the first time that data from CERN LEP, FNAL, DESY, BNL AGS, CERN SPS and BNL RHIC have been collected in a single volume. Not only accelerator-induced reactions but also cosmic ray interactions of very high energy are discussed, and the up-to-date theoretical interpretations are summarized.

From e e to Heavy Ion Collisions

From e e  to Heavy Ion Collisions Book
Author : Tamás Csörgo,Sándor Hegyi,Wolfram Kittel
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2001-06-01
ISBN : 9814542644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers various experimental and theoretical aspects of multiparticle production in high energy interactions from lepton–lepton, lepton–hadron, hadron–hadron, hadron–nucleus and heavy ion collisons. This is the first time that data from CERN LEP, FNAL, DESY, BNL AGS, CERN SPS and BNL RHIC have been collected in a single volume. Not only accelerator-induced reactions but also cosmic ray interactions of very high energy are discussed, and the up-to-date theoretical interpretations are summarized.