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Ultrananocrystalline Diamond

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond Book
Author : Olga A. Shenderova,Dieter M. Gruen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 1437734669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications is a unique practical reference handbook. Written by the leading experts worldwide it introduces the science of UNCD for both the R&D community and applications developers using UNCD in a diverse range of applications from macro to nanodevices, such as energy-saving ultra-low friction and wear coatings for mechanical pump seals and tools, high-performance MEMS/NEMS-based systems (e.g. in telecommunications), the next generation of high-definition flat panel displays, in-vivo biomedical implants, and biosensors. This work brings together the basic science of nanoscale diamond structures, with detailed information on ultra-nanodiamond synthesis, properties, and applications. The book offers discussion on UNCD in its two forms, as a powder and as a chemical vapor deposited film. Also discussed are the superior mechanical, tribological, transport, electrochemical, and electron emission properties of UNCD for a wide range of applications including MEMS/ NEMS, surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, electrochemical sensors, coatings for field emission arrays, photonic and RF switching, biosensors, and neural prostheses, etc. Ultrananocrystalline Diamond summarises the most recent developments in the nanodiamond field, and presents them in a way that will be useful to the R&D community in both academic and corporate sectors. Coverage of both nanodiamond particles and films make this a valuable resource for both the nanotechnology community and the field of thin films / vacuum deposition. Written by the world’s leading experts in nanodiamond, this second edition builds on its predecessor’s reputation as the most up-to-date resource in the field.

Synthesis Properties and Applications of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond

Synthesis  Properties and Applications of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond Book
Author : Dieter M. Gruen,Olga A. Shenderova,Alexander Ya. Vul'
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 1402033222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We are pleased to present the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop “Syntheses, Properties and Applications of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond” which was held June 7-10, 2004 in St. Petersburg, Russia. The main goal of the Workshop was to provide a forum for the intensive exchange of opinions between scientists from Russia and NATO countries in order to give additional impetus to the development of the science and applications of a new carbon nanostructure, called ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) composed of 2-5 nm crystallites. There are two forms of UNCD, dispersed particles and films. The two communities of researchers working on these two forms of UNCD have hitherto lacked a common forum in which to explore areas of scientific and technological overlap. As a consequence, the two fields have up to now developed independently of each other. The time had clearly come to remedy this situation in order to be able to take full advantage of the enormous potential for societal benefits to be derived from exploiting the synergistic relationships between UNCD dispersed particulates and UNCD films. The NATO sponsored ARW therefore occurred in a very timely manner and was successful in beginning the desired dialogue, a precondition for making progress toward the above stated goal. The discovery of UNCD completes a triadof nanostructured carbonswhich includes fullerenes and nanotubes.

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond Book
Author : Olga A. Shenderova,Dieter M. Gruen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1437734650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications is a unique practical reference handbook. Written by the leading experts worldwide it introduces the science of UNCD for both the R&D community and applications developers using UNCD in a diverse range of applications from macro to nanodevices, such as energy-saving ultra-low friction and wear coatings for mechanical pump seals and tools, high-performance MEMS/NEMS-based systems (e.g. in telecommunications), the next generation of high-definition flat panel displays, in-vivo biomedical implants, and biosensors. This work brings together the basic science of nanoscale diamond structures, with detailed information on ultra-nanodiamond synthesis, properties, and applications. The book offers discussion on UNCD in its two forms, as a powder and as a chemical vapor deposited film. Also discussed are the superior mechanical, tribological, transport, electrochemical, and electron emission properties of UNCD for a wide range of applications including MEMS/ NEMS, surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, electrochemical sensors, coatings for field emission arrays, photonic and RF switching, biosensors, and neural prostheses, etc. Ultrananocrystalline Diamond summarises the most recent developments in the nanodiamond field, and presents them in a way that will be useful to the R&D community in both academic and corporate sectors. Coverage of both nanodiamond particles and films make this a valuable resource for both the nanotechnology community and the field of thin films / vacuum deposition. Written by the world's leading experts in nanodiamond, this second edition builds on its predecessor's reputation as the most up-to-date resource in the field.

Diamond Based Materials for Biomedical Applications

Diamond Based Materials for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Roger Narayan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0857093517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon is light-weight, strong, conductive and able to mimic natural materials within the body, making it ideal for many uses within biomedicine. Consequently a great deal of research and funding is being put into this interesting material with a view to increasing the variety of medical applications for which it is suitable. Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications presents readers with the fundamental principles and novel applications of this versatile material. Part one provides a clear introduction to diamond based materials for medical applications. Functionalization of diamond particles and surfaces is discussed, followed by biotribology and biological behaviour of nanocrystalline diamond coatings, and blood compatibility of diamond-like carbon coatings. Part two then goes on to review biomedical applications of diamond based materials, beginning with nanostructured diamond coatings for orthopaedic applications. Topics explored include ultrananocrystalline diamond for neural and ophthalmological applications, nanodiamonds for drug delivery systems, and diamond nucleation and seeding techniques for tissue regeneration. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of diamond materials for microfluidic devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications is an authoritative guide for all materials scientists, researchers, medical practitioners and academics investigating the properties and uses of diamond based materials in the biomedical environment. Presents the fundamental principles and novel applications of this versatile material Discusses the functionalization of diamond particles and surfaces, biotribology and biological behaviour of nanocrystalinediamond coatings and blood compatibility of diamond-like carbon coatings Reviews nanostructured diamond coatings for orthopaedic coatings

Nanodiamonds

Nanodiamonds Book
Author : Dean Ho
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-11-25
ISBN : 9781441905314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanodiamonds: Applications in Biology and Nanoscale Medicine highlights the translation of nanodiamonds toward clinical relevance and medical applications. Integrating a spectrum of internationally-recognized experts currently developing these technologies, this book fits as a cornerstone of this exciting field. These include contributions from clinician scientists working at the interface of medicine and nanotechnologies which discuss the critical and requisite properties of nanomaterials, in a concise and cohesive manner. Nanodiamonds: Applications in Biology and Nanoscale Medicine provides a multidisciplinary overview of nanodiamonds and there uses for scientific, engineering and clinical audiences alike.

Carbon Based Nanofillers and Their Rubber Nanocomposites

Carbon Based Nanofillers and Their Rubber Nanocomposites Book
Author : Srinivasarao Yaragalla,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Hanna J. Maria
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-30
ISBN : 0128132493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon-Based Nanofillers and Their Rubber Nanocomposites: Carbon Nano-Objects presents their synthetic routes, characterization and structural properties, and the effect of nano fillers on rubber nanocomposites. The synthesis and characterization of all carbon-based fillers is discussed, along with their morphological, thermal, mechanical, dynamic mechanical and rheological properties. In addition, the book covers the theory, modeling and simulation aspects of these nanocomposites, along with various applications. Users will find this a unique contribution to the field of rubber science and technology that is ideal for graduates, post graduates, engineers, research scholars, polymer engineers, polymer technologists, and those in biomedical fields. Reviews rubber nanocomposites, including carbon associated nanomaterials (nanocarbon black, graphite, graphene, carbon nanotubes, fullerenes and diamond) Presents the synthesis and characterization of carbon based nanocomposites Relates the structure of these nanocomposites to their function as rubber additives and their many applications Discusses suitable analytical techniques for the characterization of carbon-based nanocomposites

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Marcel Van de Voorde
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-06-11
ISBN : 3110547228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovations in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology summarizes the state of the art in nano-sized materials. The authors focus on innovation aspects and highlight potentials for future developments and applications in health care, including pharmaceutics, dentistry, and cosmetics; information and communications; energy; and chemical engineering. The chapters are written by leading researchers in nanoscience, chemistry, pharmacy, biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, medicine, and social science. The authors come from a range of backgrounds including academia, industry, and national and international laboratories around the world. This book is ideally suited for researchers and students in chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, materials science, and medicine and is a useful guide for industrialists. It aims to provide inspiration for scientists, new ideas for developers and innovators in industry, and guidelines for toxicologists. It also provides guidelines for agencies and government authorities to establish safe working conditions.

Tetrahedrally Bonded Amorphous Carbon Films I

Tetrahedrally Bonded Amorphous Carbon Films I Book
Author : Bernd Schultrich
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-10
ISBN : 3662559277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the status quo of the structure, preparation, properties and applications of tetrahedrally bonded amorphous carbon (ta-C) films and compares them with related film systems. Tetrahedrally bonded amorphous carbon films (ta-C) combine some of the outstanding properties of diamond with the versatility of amorphous materials. The book compares experimental results with the predictions of theoretical analyses, condensing them to practicable rules. It is strictly application oriented, emphasizing the exceptional potential of ta-C for tribological coatings of tools and components.

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies Book
Author : David Glocker,Shrirang Ranade
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-07-11
ISBN : 1119310512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies is an important new addition to the libraries of medical device designers and manufacturers. Coatings enable the properties of the surface of a device to be controlled independently from the underlying bulk properties; they are often critical to the performance of the device and their use is rapidly growing. This book provides an introduction to many of the most important types of coatings used on modern medical devices as well as descriptions of the techniques by which they are applied and methods for testing their efficacy. Developers of new medical devices and those responsible for producing them will find it an important reference when deciding if a particular functionality can be provided by a coating and what limitations may apply in a given application. Written as a practical guide and containing many specific coating examples and a large number of references for further reading, the book will also be useful to students in materials science & engineering with an interest in medical devices. Chapters on antimicrobial coatings as well as coatings for biocompatibility, drug delivery, radiopacity and hardness are supported by chapters describing key liquid coating processes, plasma-based processes and chemical vapor deposition. Many types of coatings can be applied by more than one technique and the reader will learn the tradeoffs given the relevant design, manufacturing and economic constraints. The chapter on regulatory considerations provides important perspectives regarding the marketing of these coatings and medical devices.

Microwaves in Chemistry Applications

Microwaves in Chemistry Applications Book
Author : Aparna Das,Bimal K. Banik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-09
ISBN : 0128230851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microwaves in Chemistry Applications: Fundamentals, Methods and Future Trends offers a number of benefits over conventional heating technologies, including acceleration of reaction rates, milder reaction conditions, higher chemical yields, lower energy usage and different reaction selectivity, all of which can improve the sustainability of processes. The book provides valuable insights into the underlying chemistry at play in microwave-assisted processes, introducing fundamental concepts, discussing the modeling of reactions in such processes, and also highlighting a range of key methods and applications of microwaves in chemistry for improved sustainability. Beginning with an introduction to microwave chemistry, Part One discusses foundational principles, equipment and approaches for modeling reactions and assessing the outputs of those models. Methods in microwave chemistry are then the focus of Part Two, with microwave-assisted synthesis, catalysis, reduction and reactions all explored in detail. Part Three reflects on the practical usage of these methods to address specific issues, covering a number of interesting applications. Provides guidance on the modeling and interpretation of microwave effects Discusses microwave chemistry in the context of green chemistry principles Outlines a range of important microwave methods, including microwave-assisted synthesis, catalysis, reactions and reductions

Nanomaterials Handbook

Nanomaterials Handbook Book
Author : Yury Gogotsi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-01-26
ISBN : 1420004018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Even before it was identified as a science and given a name, nanotechnology was the province of the most innovative inventors. In medieval times, craftsmen, ingeniously employing nanometer-sized gold particles, created the enchanting red hues found in the gold ruby glass of cathedral windows. Today, nanomaterials are being just as creatively used to improve old products, as well as usher in new ones. From tires to CRTs to sunscreens, nanomaterials are becoming a part of every industry. The Nanomaterials Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of nanomaterials. Employing terminology familiar to materials scientists and engineers, it provides an introduction that delves into the unique nature of nanomaterials. Looking at the quantum effects that come into play and other characteristics realized at the nano level, it explains how the properties displayed by nanomaterials can differ from those displayed by single crystals and conventional microstructured, monolithic, or composite materials. The introduction is followed by an in-depth investigation of carbon-based nanomaterials, which are as important to nanotechnology as silicon is to electronics. However, it goes beyond the usual discussion of nanotubes and nanofibers to consider graphite whiskers, cones and polyhedral crystals, and nanocrystalline diamonds. It also provides significant new information with regard to nanostructured semiconductors, ceramics, metals, biomaterials, and polymers, as well as nanotechnology’s application in drug delivery systems, bioimplants, and field-emission displays. The Nanomaterials Handbook is edited by world-renowned nanomaterials scientist Yury Gogotsi, who has recruited his fellow-pioneers from academia, national laboratories, and industry, to provide coverage of the latest material developments in America, Asia, Europe, and Australia.

Implantable Neural Prostheses 2

Implantable Neural Prostheses 2 Book
Author : David Zhou,Elias Greenbaum
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-10
ISBN : 0387981209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Signi?cant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses for restoration of human functions and improvement of the quality of life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve the design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for arti?cial vision, arti?cial limbs, and brain-machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 2: Techniques and Engineering Approaches, is part two of a two-volume sequence that describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices. The techniques covered include biocompatibility and biostability, hermetic packaging, electrochemical techniques for neural stimulation applications, novel electrode materials and testing, thin-?lm ?exible microelectrode arrays, in situ char- terization of microelectrode arrays, chip-size thin-?lm device encapsulation, microchip-embedded capacitors and microelectronics for recording, stimulation, and wireless telemetry. The design process in the development of medical devices is also discussed. Advances in biomedical engineering, microfabrication technology, and neu- science have led to improved medical-device designs and novel functions. However, many challenges remain. This book focuses on the engineering approaches, R&D advances, and technical challenges of medical implants from an engineering p- spective. We are grateful to leading researchers from academic institutes, national laboratories, as well as design engineers and professionals from the medical device industry who have contributed to the book. Part one of this series covers designs of implantable neural prosthetic devices and their clinical applications.

Biomaterials

Biomaterials Book
Author : Rosario Pignatello
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-11-16
ISBN : 9533076615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These contribution books collect reviews and original articles from eminent experts working in the interdisciplinary arena of biomaterial development and use. From their direct and recent experience, the readers can achieve a wide vision on the new and ongoing potentialities of different synthetic and engineered biomaterials. Contributions were selected not based on a direct market or clinical interest, but on results coming from a very fundamental studies. This too will allow to gain a more general view of what and how the various biomaterials can do and work for, along with the methodologies necessary to design, develop and characterize them, without the restrictions necessary imposed by industrial or profit concerns. Biomaterial constructs and supramolecular assemblies have been studied, for example, as drug and protein carriers, tissue scaffolds, or to manage the interactions between artificial devices and the body. In this volume of the biomaterial series have been gathered in particular reviews and papers focusing on the application of new and known macromolecular compounds to nanotechnology and nanomedicine, along with their chemical and mechanical engineering aimed to fit specific biomedical purposes.

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond based materials for biomedical applications Book
Author : Y-C. Chen,D-C. Lee,N-H. Tai,I-M. Chiu
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 0128088044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diamond films have been considered as ideal candidates for protective coatings on bioimplants, as bioimplants themselves or as a guide for neural differentiation, because of their excellent mechanical properties, functional amenability, biocompatibility, and unique nanostructures. We separate nanocrystalline diamond films into two categories based on growth chemistries, nanostructure, and properties: nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) and ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD). UNCD is suitable for application as a hermetic coating for protection of implantable artificial retina medical devices, and also contributes to improvement of neural stem cell (NSC)-based cell transplantation, tissue engineering for neural tissue repair and regeneration and study of neural cell differentiation.

MEMS Materials and Processes Handbook

MEMS Materials and Processes Handbook Book
Author : Reza Ghodssi,Pinyen Lin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-03-18
ISBN : 0387473181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

MEMs Materials and Processes Handbook" is a comprehensive reference for researchers searching for new materials, properties of known materials, or specific processes available for MEMS fabrication. The content is separated into distinct sections on "Materials" and "Processes". The extensive Material Selection Guide" and a "Material Database" guides the reader through the selection of appropriate materials for the required task at hand. The "Processes" section of the book is organized as a catalog of various microfabrication processes, each with a brief introduction to the technology, as well as examples of common uses in MEMs.

Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices

Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices Book
Author : Jun Li,Nianqiang Wu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351832204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices links interdisciplinary research from leading experts to provide graduate students, academics, researchers, and industry professionals alike with a comprehensive source for key advancements and future trends in nanostructured biosensor development. It describes the concepts, principles, materials, device fabrications, functions, system integrations, and applications of various types of biosensors based on signal transduction mechanisms, including fluorescence, photonic crystal, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, electrochemistry, electro-luminescence, field-effect transistor, and magnetic effect. The book: Explains how to utilize the unique properties of nanomaterials to construct nanostructured biosensors to achieve enhanced performance Features examples of biosensors based on both typical and emerging nanomaterials, such as gold nanoparticles, quantum dots, graphene, graphene oxides, magnetic nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, inorganic nanowires/nanorods, plasmonic nanostructures, and photonic crystals Demonstrates the broad applications of nanostructured biosensors in environmental monitoring, food safety, industrial quality assurance, and in vitro and in vivo health diagnosis Inspires new ideas for tackling multiscale and multidisciplinary issues in developing high-performance biosensors for complex practical biomedical problems Focusing on the connection between nanomaterials research and biosensor development, Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices illustrates the exciting possibilities and critical challenges of biosensors based on nanomaterials and nanodevices for future health monitoring, disease diagnosis, therapeutic treatments, and beyond.

Diamond for Quantum Applications Part 2

Diamond for Quantum Applications Part 2 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-15
ISBN : 0323850251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diamond for Quantum Applications Part Two, Volume 104, the latest release in the Semiconductors and Semimetals series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of timely topics including Color center formation by deterministic single ion implantation, Diamond and Its Investigation by Advanced TEM, Fundaments of photo-electric readout of spin states in diamond, Integrated quantum photonic circuits with polycrystalline diamond, Diamond Membranes, and Diamond nanophotonic and opt mechanics. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Semiconductors and Semimetals series Updated release includes the latest information on the use of diamonds for quantum applications

Low Temperature Growth of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond on Glass Substrates for Field Emission Applications

Low Temperature Growth of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond on Glass Substrates for Field Emission Applications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent studies of field emission from diamond have focused on the feasibility of growing diamond films on glass substrates, which are the preferred choice for cost-effective, large area flat panel displays. However, diamond growth on glass requires temperatures ≤ 500 C, which is much lower than the temperature needed for growing conventional microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (CVD) diamond films. In addition, it is desirable to minimize the deposition time for cost-effective processing. The authors have grown ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) films using a unique microwave plasma technique that involves CH4-Ar gas mixtures, as opposed to the conventional CH4-H2 plasma CVD method. The growth species in the CH4-Ar CVD method are C2 dimers, resulting in lower activation energies and consequently the ability to grow diamond at lower temperatures than conventional CVD diamond processes. For the work discussed here, the UNCD films were grown with plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) at low temperatures on glass substrates coated with Ti thin films. The turn-on field was as low as 3 V/[mu]m for a film grown at 500 C with a gas chemistry of 1%CH4/99%/Ar at 100 Torr, and 7 V/[mu]m for a film grown at 350 C. UV Raman spectroscopy revealed the presence of high quality diamond in the films.

Carbon Nanomaterials

Carbon Nanomaterials Book
Author : Yury Gogotsi,Volker Presser
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-06-20
ISBN : 1420009370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First Self-Contained Source Entirely Dedicated to Nanocarbons Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) attract a good deal of attention for their electronic, mechanical, optical, and chemical characteristics. But nanostructured carbons are not limited to nanotubes and fullerenes-they also exist as nano-diamonds, fibers, cones, scrolls, whiskers, and grap