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Ultra High Voltage Ac Dc Grids

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Ultra High Voltage AC DC Grids

Ultra High Voltage AC DC Grids Book
Author : Zhenya Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-12-11
ISBN : 9780128021613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The UHV transmission has many advantages for new power networks due to its capacity, long distance potential, high efficiency, and low loss. Development of UHV transmission technology is led by infrastructure development and renewal, as well as smart grid developments, which can use UHV power networks as the transmission backbone for hydropower, coal, nuclear power and large renewable energy bases. Over the years, State Grid Corporation of China has developed a leading position in UHV core technology R&D, equipment development, plus construction experience, standards development and operational management. SGCC built the most advanced technology 'two AC and two DC' UHV projects with the highest voltage-class and largest transmission capacity in the world, with a cumulative power transmission of 10TWh. This book comprehensively summarizes the research achievement, theoretical innovation and engineering practice in UHV power grid construction in China since 2005. It covers the key technology and parameters used in the design of the UHV transmission network, shows readers the technical problems State Grid encountered during the construction, and the solution they come up with. It also introduces key technology like UHV series compensation, DC converter valve, and the systematic standards and norms. Discusses technical characteristics and advantages of using of AC/DC transmission system Includes applications and technical standards of UHV technologies Provides insight and case studies into a technology area that is developing worldwide Introduces the technical difficulties encountered in design and construction phase and provides solutions

Ultra High Voltage AC DC Grids

Ultra High Voltage AC DC Grids Book
Author : Zhenya Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-12-11
ISBN : 0128023600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The UHV transmission has many advantages for new power networks due to its capacity, long distance potential, high efficiency, and low loss. Development of UHV transmission technology is led by infrastructure development and renewal, as well as smart grid developments, which can use UHV power networks as the transmission backbone for hydropower, coal, nuclear power and large renewable energy bases. Over the years, State Grid Corporation of China has developed a leading position in UHV core technology R&D, equipment development, plus construction experience, standards development and operational management. SGCC built the most advanced technology 'two AC and two DC' UHV projects with the highest voltage-class and largest transmission capacity in the world, with a cumulative power transmission of 10TWh. This book comprehensively summarizes the research achievement, theoretical innovation and engineering practice in UHV power grid construction in China since 2005. It covers the key technology and parameters used in the design of the UHV transmission network, shows readers the technical problems State Grid encountered during the construction, and the solution they come up with. It also introduces key technology like UHV series compensation, DC converter valve, and the systematic standards and norms. Discusses technical characteristics and advantages of using of AC/DC transmission system Includes applications and technical standards of UHV technologies Provides insight and case studies into a technology area that is developing worldwide Introduces the technical difficulties encountered in design and construction phase and provides solutions

Integration of High Voltage AC DC Grids into Modern Power Systems

Integration of High Voltage AC DC Grids into Modern Power Systems Book
Author : Fazel Mohammadi
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 3039365258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electric power transmission relies on AC and DC grids. The extensive integration of conventional and nonconventional energy sources and power converters into power grids has resulted in a demand for high voltage (HV), extra-high voltage (EHV), and ultra-high voltage (UHV) AC/DC transmission grids in modern power systems. To ensure the security, adequacy, and reliable operation of power systems, the practical aspects of interconnecting HV, EHV, and UHV AC/DC grids into the electric power systems, along with their economic and environmental impacts, should be considered. The stability analysis for the planning and operation of HV, EHV, and UHV AC/DC grids in power systems is regarded as another key issue in modern power systems. Moreover, interactions between power converters and other power electronics devices (e.g., FACTS devices) installed on the network are other aspects of power systems that must be addressed. This Special Issue aims to investigate the integration of HV, EHV, and UHV AC/DC grids into modern power systems by analyzing their control, operation, protection, dynamics, planning, reliability, and security, along with considering power quality improvement, market operations, power conversion, cybersecurity, supervisory and monitoring, diagnostics, and prognostics systems.

High Voltage Direct Current Transmission

High Voltage Direct Current Transmission Book
Author : Dragan Jovcic
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-07-01
ISBN : 1119566614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents the latest developments in switchgear and DC/DC converters for DC grids, and includes substantially expanded material on MMC HVDC This newly updated edition covers all HVDC transmission technologies including Line Commutated Converter (LCC) HVDC; Voltage Source Converter (VSC) HVDC, and the latest VSC HVDC based on Modular Multilevel Converters (MMC), as well as the principles of building DC transmission grids. Featuring new material throughout, High Voltage Direct Current Transmission: Converters, Systems and DC Grids, 2nd Edition offers several new chapters/sections including one on the newest MMC converters. It also provides extended coverage of switchgear, DC grid protection and DC/DC converters following the latest developments on the market and in research projects. All three HVDC technologies are studied in a wide range of topics, including: the basic converter operating principles; calculation of losses; system modelling, including dynamic modelling; system control; HVDC protection, including AC and DC fault studies; and integration with AC systems and fundamental frequency analysis. The text includes: A chapter dedicated to hybrid and mechanical DC circuit breakers Half bridge and full bridge MMC: modelling, control, start-up and fault management A chapter dedicated to unbalanced operation and control of MMC HVDC The advancement of protection methods for DC grids Wideband and high-order modeling of DC cables Novel treatment of topics not found in similar books, including SimPowerSystems models and examples for all HVDC topologies hosted by the 1st edition companion site. High Voltage Direct Current Transmission: Converters, Systems and DC Grids, 2nd Edition serves as an ideal textbook for a graduate-level course or a professional development course.

Ultra high Voltage AC DC Power Transmission

Ultra high Voltage AC DC Power Transmission Book
Author : Hao Zhou,Wenqian Qiu,Ke Sun,Jiamiao Chen,Xu Deng,Feng Qian,Dongju Wang,Bincai Zhao,Jiyuan Li,Sha Li,Yuting Qiu,Jingzhe Yu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-21
ISBN : 3662545756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the latest findings on practical ultra-high voltage AC/DC (UHVAC/UHVDC) power transmission. Firstly, it reviews current constructions and future plans for major UHVDC and UHVAC projects around the world. The book subsequently illustrates the basic theories, economic analysis, and key technologies of UHV power networks in detail, and describes the design of the UHVAC substations and UHVDC converter stations and transmission lines. A wealth of clear and specific figures and formulas help readers to understand the fundamental theories underlying UHVAC and UHVDC technologies, as well as their developmental trends. This book is intended for graduate students, researchers and engineers in the fields of power systems and electrical engineering.

AC DC Hybrid Large Scale Power Grid System Protection

AC DC Hybrid Large Scale Power Grid System Protection Book
Author : Xinzhou Dong
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9811964866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

System protection is laid between the defenses for power system protective relaying and the emergency control. Under the premise of ensuring the safety of electrical equipment, it strives to ensure the safety of the system, block the chain of occurrence and growth of cascading faults, and effectively avoid the occurrence of large-scale blackout catastrophes. This book systematically elaborates on the dealing technology of a special type of fault, the "cascading fault", in the AC-DC hybrid large-scale power grid. The main contents include immunization distance protection for accident overload; distance protection that is immune to oscillation; inverter control technology to prevent long-term or continuous commutation failure; DC participation emergency power flow control technology used to share the accident transfer overload caused by inverter lockout; and overhead transmission line adaptive overload protection. The basis of English translation of this book from its Chinese original manuscript was done with the help of artificial intelligence (machine translation by the service provider DeepL.com). A subsequent human revision of the content was done by the author.

Protection Technologies of Ultra High Voltage AC Transmission Systems

Protection Technologies of Ultra High Voltage AC Transmission Systems Book
Author : Bin Li,Yongli Li,Jiali He,Yuping Zheng
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-01-24
ISBN : 0128162066
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Protection Technologies of Ultra-High-Voltage AC Transmission Systems considers the latest research on UHV, UHV transmission line electromagnetic field, transmission line parameters, and tower structures, with a focus on protective relaying of UHV transmission systems. This book gives insights into protective relaying of UHV AC transmission systems and sheds light on the conundrum of protective relaying for the EHV systems. In addition, it elaborates on both traditional relaying and the application of new type current differential protection, distance protection and automatic reclosing, as well as protective schemes for transformers and reactors in UHV transmission systems. This resource will serve as an important reference for technical personnel in network design and operation, as well as students and engineers in related engineering areas. Compares new advances and trends in Ultra-High-Voltage (UHV) transmission system from a global aspect Describes UHV protection technologies Evaluates conventional protection and novel protection principles in applied and verified global systems

Sinews of Power

Sinews of Power Book
Author : Yi-Chong Xu
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0190279524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Politics of the State Grid Corporation of China -- Electricity -- From the ministry to a corporation -- Overseeing SGCC: the contested regimes of central agencies -- State Grid Corporation of China -- SGCC in action: as a policy entrepreneur -- SGCC in action: as technology innovator -- SGCC in action: internationalisation

Use of Voltage Stability Assessment and Transient Stability Assessment Tools in Grid Operations

Use of Voltage Stability Assessment and Transient Stability Assessment Tools in Grid Operations Book
Author : Sarma (NDR) Nuthalapati
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-28
ISBN : 3030674827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together real-world accounts of using voltage stability assessment (VSA) and transient stability assessment (TSA) tools for grid management. Chapters are written by leading experts in the field who have used these tools to manage their grids and can provide readers with a unique and international perspective. Case studies and success stories are presented by those who have used these tools in the field, making this book a useful reference for different utilities worldwide that are looking into implementing these tools, as well as students and practicing engineers who are interested in learning the real-time applications of VSA and TSA for grid operation.

Advances in Artificial Systems for Medicine and Education II

Advances in Artificial Systems for Medicine and Education II Book
Author : Zhengbing Hu,Sergey V. Petoukhov,Matthew He
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-16
ISBN : 3030120821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes the proceedings of the Second International Conference of Artificial Intelligence, Medical Engineering, Education (AIMEE2018), held in Moscow, Russia, on 6–8 October 2018. The conference covered advances in the development of artificial intelligence systems and their applications in various fields, from medicine and technology to education. The papers presented in the book discuss topics in mathematics and biomathematics; medical approaches; and technological and educational approaches. Given the rapid development of artificial intelligence systems, the book highlights the need for more intensive training for a growing number of specialists, particularly in medical engineering, to increase the effectiveness of medical diagnosis and treatment. The book is intended for specialists, students and other readers who would like to know where artificial intelligence systems can beneficially be applied in the future.

Global Energy Interconnection

Global Energy Interconnection Book
Author : Zhenya Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-28
ISBN : 0128044063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global energy network is an important platform to guarantee effective exploitation of global clean energy and ensure reliable energy supply for everybody. Global Energy Interconnection analyzes the current situation and challenges of global energy development, provides the strategic thinking, overall objective, basic pattern, construction method and development mode for the development of global energy network. Based on the prediction of global energy and electricity supply and demand in the future, with the development of UHV AC/DC and smart grid technologies, this book offers new solutions to drive the safe, clean, highly efficient and sustainable development of global energy. The concept and development ideas concerning global energy interconnection in this book are based on the author’s thinking of strategic issues about China’s and the world’s energy and electricity development for many years, especially combined with successful practices of China’s UHV development. This book is particularly suitable for researchers and graduated students engaged in energy sector, as well as energy economics researchers, economists, consultants, and government energy policy makers in relevant fields. Based on the author's many years' experience in developing Smart Grid solutions within national and international projects. Combines both solid background information and cutting-edge technology progress, coupled with a useful and impressive list of references. The key energy problems which are challenging us nowadays are well stated and explained in this book, which facilitates a better understanding of the development of global energy interconnection with UHV AC/DC and smart grid technologies.

The Sustainable City

The Sustainable City Book
Author : Steven Cohen,Guo Dong
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 0231551703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Living sustainably is not just about preserving the wilderness or keeping nature pristine. The transition to a green economy depends on cities. Economic, technological, and cultural forces are moving people out of rural areas and into urban areas. If we are to avert climate catastrophe, we will need our cities to coexist with nature without destroying it. Urbanization holds the key to long-term sustainability, reducing per capita environmental impacts while improving economic prosperity and social inclusion for current and future generations. The Sustainable City provides a broad and engaging overview of the urban systems of the twenty-first century. It approaches urban sustainability from the perspectives of behavioral change, organizational management, and public policy, looking at case studies of existing legislation, programs, and public-private partnerships that strive to align modern urban life and sustainability. The book synthesizes the disparate strands of sustainable city planning in an approachable and applicable guide that highlights how these issues touch our lives on a daily basis, including the transportation we take, the public health systems that protect us, where our energy comes from, and what becomes of our food waste. This second edition of The Sustainable City dives deeper into the financing of sustainable infrastructure and initiatives and puts additional emphasis on the roles that individual citizens and varied stakeholders can play. It also reviews current trends in urban inequality and discusses whether a model of sustainability that embraces a multidimensional approach to development and a multistakeholder approach to decision making can foster social inclusion. It features many more examples and new international case studies spanning the globe.

Fault Analysis and Protection System Design for DC Grids

Fault Analysis and Protection System Design for DC Grids Book
Author : Abhisek Ukil,Yew Ming Yeap,Kuntal Satpathi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-13
ISBN : 9811529779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive reference guide to the important topics of fault analysis and protection system design for DC grids, at various voltage levels and for a range of applications. It bridges a much-needed research gap to enable wide-scale implementation of energy-efficient DC grids. Following an introduction, DC grid architecture is presented, covering the devices, operation and control methods. In turn, analytical methods for DC fault analysis are presented for different types of faults, followed by separate chapters on various DC fault identification methods, using time, frequency and time-frequency domain analyses of the DC current and voltage signals. The unit and non-unit protection strategies are discussed in detail, while a dedicated chapter addresses DC fault isolation devices. Step-by-step guidelines are provided for building hardware-based experimental test setups, as well as methods for validating the various algorithms. The book also features several application-driven case studies.

Telecommunication Networks for the Smart Grid

Telecommunication Networks for the Smart Grid Book
Author : Alberto Sendin,Miguel A. Sanchez-Fornie,Inigo Berganza,Javier Simon,Iker Urrutia
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2016-07-31
ISBN : 1630813737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive new resource demonstrates how to build smart grids utilizing the latest telecommunications technologies. Readers find practical coverage of PLC and wireless for smart grid and are given concise excerpts of the different technologies, networks, and services around it. Design and planning guidelines are shown through the combination of electricity grid and telecommunications technologies that support the reliability, performance and security requirements needed in smart grid applications. This book covers a wide range of critical topics, including telecommunications for power engineers, power engineering for telecommunications engineers, utility applications projecting in smart grids, technologies for smart grid networks, and telecommunications architecture. This practical reference is supported with in-depth case studies.

Measurement and Analysis of Overvoltages in Power Systems

Measurement and Analysis of Overvoltages in Power Systems Book
Author : Jianming Li
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-19
ISBN : 1119129052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measurement and Analysis of Overvoltages in Power Systems Jianming Li, Professor, State Grid Corporation, China A combination of theory and application, this book features practical tests and analytical techniques comprehensively with engineering practicality as its focus. Based on years of research and industry experience, the author introduces many scientific research methods such as overvoltage simulation studies, dynamic simulation experiment platform development and application, and overvoltage pattern recognition. Readers will get a good grounding in the various sources of overvoltages in power systems, methods in on-line measurements as well as explanations of overvoltage formation mechanisms and monitoring analysis methods. •Systematically examines sources, online measurements, analytical techniques, and simulations of overvoltages, with an emphasis on engineering practicality •Presents practical engineering examples analyzing overvoltages and improving system operation, based on field experiments and data analysis •Features overvoltage simulations and waveform analysis in transmission systems Measurement and Analysis of Overvoltages in Power Systems is intended as an all-in-one guide for engineers and researchers in power systems engineering. It can be used as a reference text for graduate students and lecturers of electrical engineering.

Sustainable Urbanism in China

Sustainable Urbanism in China Book
Author : Ali Cheshmehzangi,Ayotunde Dawodu,Ayyoob Sharifi
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 100041048X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Urbanism in China explores the notion of "Sustainable Urbanism" by considering the role sustainable neighborhood planning plays in the larger picture of sustainable urbanism and suggests innovations and best practices that are either developed or adopted by China. These are narrated as lessons learnt for other countries where we see similar trends of development patterns or emerging practices. Through various explorations of challenges, paradigms, and innovations of urban sustainability, this book highlights how planning, policy, and design are forming and reforming in the context of China. These are offered through a set of guidelines and pathways for urban sustainability at the scale of neighborhoods/communities or districts in a wider context of urban environments, as well as strategies for planners, developers, policy makers, and educators in the field of the built environment. Through a comprehensive overview of urban sustainability practices in China, this book investigates 12 case study projects. These comprehensive explorations should in turn help construct the future directions of China’s sustainable urban development and provide innovative pathways of sustainable urbanism in China and around the globe.

UHV Transmission Technology

UHV Transmission Technology Book
Author : China Electric Power Research Institute
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-18
ISBN : 0128052805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

UHV Transmission Technology enables power system employees and the vast majority of those caring for UHV transmission technology to understand and master key technologies of UHV transmission. This book can be used as a technical reference and guide for future UHV projects. UHV transmission has many advantages for new power networks due to its capacity, long distance potential, high efficiency and low loss. Development of UHV transmission technology is led by infrastructure development and renewal, as well as smart grid developments, which can use UHV power networks as the transmission backbone for hydropower, coal, nuclear power and large renewable energy bases. UHV is a key enabling technology for optimal allocation of resources across large geographic areas, and has a key role to play in reducing pressure on energy and land resources. Provides a complete reference on the latest ultra-high voltage transmission technologies Covers practical applications made possible by theoretical material, extensive proofs, applied systems examples and real world implementations, including coverage of problem solving and design and manufacturing guidance Includes case studies of AC and DC demonstration projects Features input from a world-leading UHV team

Proceedings of PURPLE MOUNTAIN FORUM 2019 International Forum on Smart Grid Protection and Control

Proceedings of PURPLE MOUNTAIN FORUM 2019 International Forum on Smart Grid Protection and Control Book
Author : Yusheng Xue,Yuping Zheng,Saifur Rahman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-08
ISBN : 9811397791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents original, peer-reviewed research papers from the 4th Purple Mountain Forum –International Forum on Smart Grid Protection and Control (PMF2019-SGPC), held in Nanjing, China on August 17–18, 2019. Addressing the latest research hotspots in the power industry, such as renewable energy integration, flexible interconnection of large scale power grids, integrated energy system, and cyber physical power systems, the papers share the latest research findings and practical application examples of the new theories, methodologies and algorithms in these areas. As such book a valuable reference for researchers, engineers, and university students.

The Future of Africa

The Future of Africa Book
Author : Jakkie Cilliers
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-06
ISBN : 303046590X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access textbook offers a critical introduction to human and economic development prospects in Africa revolving around three questions: where is Africa today, what explains the current state, and, given historical trends and what we know about the world, where do we think the continent will be in 2040? And, a final question: what can we do to create a better tomorrow? It models ambitious progress in health, demographics, agriculture, education, industrialization, technological leapfrogging, increased trade, greater stability, better governance and external support. The book reviews the future of work/jobs, poverty and the impact of climate change. A combined Closing the Gap scenario presents a forecast of what could be possible by 2040. Each chapter suggests which policies might accelerate prospects for each sector. Written in an accessible style, and supported by a range of pedagogical features, this textbook introduces undergraduate and graduate students to the contemporary human and economic development prospects in Africa.

Restructured Electric Power Systems

Restructured Electric Power Systems Book
Author : Xiao-Ping Zhang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-10-15
ISBN : 9781118017074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The latest practical applications of electricity market equilibrium models in analyzing electricity markets Electricity market deregulation is driving the power energy production from a monopolistic structure into a competitive market environment. The development of electricity markets has necessitated the need to analyze market behavior and power. Restructured Electric Power Systems reviews the latest developments in electricity market equilibrium models and discusses the application of such models in the practical analysis and assessment of electricity markets. Drawing upon the extensive involvement in the research and industrial development of the leading experts in the subject area, the book starts by explaining the current developments of electrical power systems towards smart grids and then relates the operation and control technologies to the aspects in electricity markets. It explores: The problems of electricity market behavior and market power Mathematical programs with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) and equilibrium problems with equilibrium constraints (EPEC) Tools and techniques for solving the electricity market equilibrium problems Various electricity market equilibrium models State-of-the-art techniques for computing the electricity market equilibrium problems The application of electricity market equilibrium models in assessing the economic benefits of transmission expansions for market environments, forward and spot markets, short-term power system security, and analysis of reactive power impact Also featured are computational resources to allow readers to develop algorithms on their own, as well as future research directions in modeling and computational techniques in electricity market analysis. Restructured Electric Power Systems is an invaluable reference for electrical engineers and power system economists from power utilities and for professors, postgraduate students, and undergraduate students in electrical power engineering, as well as those responsible for the design, engineering, research, and development of competitive electricity markets and electricity market policy.