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Tropical Extremes

Tropical Extremes Book
Author : Venugopal Vuruputur,Jai Sukhatme,Raghu Murtugudde,Rémy Roca
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-28
ISBN : 0128092572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tropical Extremes: Natural Variability and Trends features the most up-to-date information on present and future trends related to climate change and tropical extremes. Including contributions from the foremost experts in the field, this important reference addresses the science behind climate change and natural variability in relation to tropical extremes. The book also includes practical insight into modeling and observation approaches. In a warming world, the increase of weather extremes presents a scientifically complex and societally relevant challenge. The book confronts these challenges with observational evidence, modeling studies and expected impacts. This is an essential reference for researchers, modelers and students in the fields of climate and atmospheric science looking to better understand the causes and effects of tropical extremes and natural variability. Illuminates the role of natural variability and climate change in determining the fate and state of tropical extremes Offers a robust guide for analysis relating to the impacts of extremes, thus providing a potential roadmap for navigating the future of risk analysis and the water-food-energy nexus Edited by a diverse team of global experts Includes contributions from leading researchers in the field, comprising the most up-to-date understanding of tropical extremes

Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests

Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests Book
Author : Wil De Jong,Deanna Donovan,Ken-ichi Abe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-04-08
ISBN : 1402054629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a timely insight into the relationships between extreme conflict, the international trade in forest products, and the social, economic and environmental condition of tropical forests and their human communities. It explores the underlying causes and the social and environmental consequences of conflict in tropical forest areas. The book includes case studies from Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Mariners Weather Log

Mariners Weather Log Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mariners Weather Log contains articles, news and information about marine weather events and phenomenon, storms at sea, weather forecasting, the NWS Voluntary Observing Ship (VOS) Program, Port Meteorological Officers (PMOs), cooperating ships officers, and their vessels. It provides meteorological information to the maritime community, and contains a comprehensive chronicle on marine weather. It recognizes ships officers for their efforts as voluntary weather observers, and allows NWS to maintain contact with and communicate with over 10,000 shipboard observers (ships officers) in the merchant marine, NOAA Corps, Coast Guard, Navy, etc.

Uncertainties and Limitations in Simulating Tropical Cyclones

Uncertainties and Limitations in Simulating Tropical Cyclones Book
Author : Asuka Suzuki-Parker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-05
ISBN : 3642250289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The thesis work was in two major parts: development and testing of a new approach to detecting and tracking tropical cyclones in climate models; and application of an extreme value statistical approach to enable assessment of changes in weather extremes from climate models. The tracking algorithm applied a creative phase-space approach to differentiate between modeled tropical cyclones and their mid-latitude cousins. A feature here was the careful attention to sensitivity to choice of selection parameters, which is considerable. The major finding was that the changes over time were relatively insensitive to these details. This new approach will improve and add confidence to future assessments of climate impacts on hurricanes. The extremes approach utilized the Generalized Pareto Distribution (one of the standard approaches to statistics of extremes) applied to present and future hurricane distributions as modeled by a regional climate model, then applied the changes to current observations to extract the changes in the extremes. Since climate models cannot resolve these extremes directly, this provides an excellent method of determining weather extremes in general. This is of considerable societal importance as we are most vulnerable to such extremes and knowledge of their changes enables improved planning and adaptation strategies.

Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change Book
Author : Yadvinder Malhi,Oliver Phillips
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2005-06-30
ISBN : 0191524271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tropical forests represent the world's most biodiverse ecosystems and play a key role in hydrology, carbon storage and exchange. Many of the human-induced pressures these regions are facing, e.g. fragmentation and deforestation, have been widely reported and well documented. However, there have been surprisingly few efforts to synthesize cutting-edge science in the area of tropical forest interaction with atmospheric change. At a time when our global atmosphere is undergoing a period of rapid change, both in terms of climate and in the cycling of essential elements such as carbon and nitrogen, a thorough and up-to-date analysis is now timely. This research level text, suitable for graduate level students as well as professional researchers in plant ecology, tropical forestry, climate change science, and conservation biology, explores the vigorous contemporary debate as to how rapidly tropical forests may be affected by atmospheric change, and what this may mean for their future.

Marine Extremes

Marine Extremes Book
Author : Erika Techera,Gundula Winter
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-01-14
ISBN : 0429956657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine extremes, as they are conceived of in this volume, encompass environments, activities, events and impacts. Extreme environments found in and around our oceans, including the deep sea and seabed as well as the frozen polar regions, are being seriously affected by both extreme behaviours (dumping and discharge of waste, illegal fishing and piracy) and extreme events (storms, tsunamis, extreme waves and marine heatwaves). The aim of this book is to highlight the multi-disciplinary knowledge and inputs needed to address marine extremes and thereafter to explore opportunities and current challenges. Safe and healthy oceans are important for economic, recreational and cultural activities, in addition to the maintenance of ecosystem services upon which we rely. This volume gathers a unique mix of researchers working on scientific aspects of biological ecosystems and physical processes together with social scientists exploring law and governance options, community preferences, cultural values, economic aspects and criminological drivers and approaches. The multi-disciplinary feature of this book breaks down barriers that arise between disparate fields of research so that integrated solutions to ocean challenges can be found. Overall, this book argues that if we are to achieve sustainable utilisation of our oceans and blue economy goals we must better understand, and respond to, the extreme environments, activities, events and impacts. The book is a valuable addition to the literature and will be of interest to researchers in marine science, ocean governance and natural resource economics, as well as to professionals and government officials concerned with marine policy and planning.

Gender and Climate Change

Gender and Climate Change Book
Author : Joane Nagel
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-09-25
ISBN : 1317381688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Does gender matter in global climate change? This timely and provocative book takes readers on a guided tour of basic climate science, then holds up a gender lens to find out what has been overlooked in popular discussion, research, and policy debates. We see that, around the world, more women than men die in climate-related natural disasters; the history of science and war are intimately interwoven masculine occupations and preoccupations; and conservative men and their interests drive the climate change denial machine. We also see that climate policymakers who embrace big science approaches and solutions to climate change are predominantly male with an ideology of perpetual economic growth, and an agenda that marginalizes the interests of women and developing economies. The book uses vivid case studies to highlight the sometimes surprising differential, gendered impacts of climate changes.

Climate of Extremes

Climate of Extremes Book
Author : Patrick J. Michaels,Robert C. Balling Jr.
Publisher : Cato Institute
Release : 2009-01-28
ISBN : 1935308041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There's a whole new world of global warming science today, but few people hear about it. In recent years, an internally consistent body of scientific literature has emerged that argues cogently for global warming but against the gloom-and-doom vision of climate change. But those who merely call attention to this literature are intimidated, blacklisted, and even driven from prestigious scientific employment. Calling the current scientific environment a "climate of extremes" is an understatement. It's a fact that there are fewer citations in the refereed scientific literature providing evidence for the moderate view of global warming, but that's to be expected. In Climate of Extremes, climatologists Patrick J. Michaels and Robert Balling Jr. explain that climate science is hardly unbiased, even though the global climate community itself believes that any new finding has an equal probability of making our climatic future appear more or less dire. Michaels and Balling examine all aspects of the apocalyptic vision of climate change making headlines almost every day: Hurricanes pumped up by global warming, rapid melting of Greenland and Antarctica resulting in 20 feet of sea-level rise in the next 90 years, that global warming is occurring at an increasing pace, and there is a massive increase in heat-wave related deaths. Each one of these pop-culture icons of climate change turns out to be short on facts and long on exaggeration. People who read Climate of Extremes will emerge well-armed against an army of extremists hawking climate change as the greatest threat ever to our society and way of life.

Life Histories of North American Flycatchers Larks Swallows and Their Allies

Life Histories of North American Flycatchers  Larks  Swallows  and Their Allies Book
Author : Arthur Cleveland Bent
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1942
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the fourteenth in a series of bulletins of the United States National Museum on the life histories of North American birds, with previous numbers issued as follows: 107, 113, 121, 126, 130, 135, 142, 146, 162, 167, 170, 174, 176. This bulletin deals with the Order Passeriformes, specifically the Family Cotingidae (Cotingas); Family Tyrannidae (Flycatchers) ; Family Alaudidae (Larks) and Family Hirundinidae (Swallows) of North America

Discovering Pluto

Discovering Pluto Book
Author : Dale P. Cruikshank,William Sheehan
Publisher : University of Arizona Press
Release : 2018-02-27
ISBN : 0816534314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The story of Pluto and its largest moon, from discovery through the New Horizons flyby--Provided by publisher.

British and Foreign Medico chirurgical Review

British and Foreign Medico chirurgical Review Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1875
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download British and Foreign Medico chirurgical Review book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Origin of the Seasons

The Origin of the Seasons Book
Author : Samuel Mossman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1869
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Origin of the Seasons book written by Samuel Mossman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Uncertainties and Limitations in Simulating Tropical Cyclones

Uncertainties and Limitations in Simulating Tropical Cyclones Book
Author : Asuka Suzuki-Parker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-05
ISBN : 3642250297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The thesis work was in two major parts: development and testing of a new approach to detecting and tracking tropical cyclones in climate models; and application of an extreme value statistical approach to enable assessment of changes in weather extremes from climate models. The tracking algorithm applied a creative phase-space approach to differentiate between modeled tropical cyclones and their mid-latitude cousins. A feature here was the careful attention to sensitivity to choice of selection parameters, which is considerable. The major finding was that the changes over time were relatively insensitive to these details. This new approach will improve and add confidence to future assessments of climate impacts on hurricanes. The extremes approach utilized the Generalized Pareto Distribution (one of the standard approaches to statistics of extremes) applied to present and future hurricane distributions as modeled by a regional climate model, then applied the changes to current observations to extract the changes in the extremes. Since climate models cannot resolve these extremes directly, this provides an excellent method of determining weather extremes in general. This is of considerable societal importance as we are most vulnerable to such extremes and knowledge of their changes enables improved planning and adaptation strategies.

Tropical Biology and Conservation Management Volume IX

Tropical Biology and Conservation Management   Volume IX Book
Author : Kleber Del Claro,Paulo S. Oliveira,Victor Rico-Gray
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-05-11
ISBN : 1848262809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Encyclopedia of Tropical Biology and Conservation Management is a component of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Tropical environments cover the most part of still preserved natural areas of the Earth. The greatest biodiversity, as in terms of animals and plants, as microorganisms, is placed in these hot and rainy ecosystems spread up and below the Equator line. Additionally, the most part of food products, with vegetal or animal origin, that sustain nowadays human beings is direct or undirected dependent of tropical productivity. Biodiversity should be looked at and evaluated not only in terms of numbers of species, but also in terms of the diversity of interactions among distinct organisms that it maintains. In this sense, the complexity of web structure in tropical systems is a promise of future to nature preservation on Earth. In the chemicals of tropical plant and animals, could be the cure to infinite number of diseases, new food sources, and who knows what more. Despite these facts tropical areas have been exploited in an irresponsible way for more than 500 years due the lack of an ecological conscience of men. Exactly in the same way we did with temperate areas and also tropical areas in the north of Equator line. Nowadays, is estimated that due human exploitation, nation conflicts and social problems, less than 8% of tropical nature inside continental areas is still now untouchable. The extension of damage in the tropical areas of oceans is unknown. Thus so, all knowledge we could accumulate about tropical systems will help us, as in the preservations of these important and threatened ecosystems as in a future recuperation, when it was possible. Only knowing the past and developing culture, mainly that directed to peace, to a better relationship among nations and responsible use and preservation of natural resources, human beings will have a long future on Earth. These volumes, Tropical Biology and Natural Resources was divided in sessions to provide the reader the better comprehension possible of issue and also to enable future complementation and improvements in the encyclopedia. Like we work with life, we intended to transform this encyclopedia also in a “life” volume, in what new information could be added in any time. As president of the encyclopedia and main editor I opened the theme with an article titled: “Tropical Biology and Natural resources: Historical Pathways and Perspectives”, providing the reader an initial view of the origins of human knowledge about the tropical life, and what we hope to the future. In the sequence we have more than 100 chapters distributed in tem sessions: Tropical Ecology (TE); Tropical Botany (TB); Tropical Zoology (TZ); Savannah Ecosystems (SE); Desert Ecosystems (DE); Tropical Agriculture (TA); Natural History of Tropical Plants (NH); Human Impact on Tropical Ecosystems (HI); Tropical Phytopathology and Entomology (TPE); Case Studies (CS). This 11-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It is the only publication of its kind carrying state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Tropical Biology and Conservation Management and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

The Influence of tropical climates on European constitutions

The Influence of tropical climates on European constitutions Book
Author : Sir James Ranald Martin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1856
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Influence of tropical climates on European constitutions book written by Sir James Ranald Martin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

British Bee Journal Bee keepers Adviser

British Bee Journal   Bee keepers Adviser Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1883
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download British Bee Journal Bee keepers Adviser book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Tropical Forests

Tropical Forests Book
Author : Peter D. Moore
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release : 2009-01-01
ISBN : 1438118740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores the biodiversity of forests, from microbes to mammals, as well as the adaptations of organisms to their environment and to the other species surrounding them. This book examines the interactions between organisms and their physical surroundings and the processes that link the two into an integrated ecosystem.

Actinobacteria in Special and Extreme Habitats Diversity Function Roles and Environmental Adaptations Second Edition

Actinobacteria in Special and Extreme Habitats  Diversity  Function Roles and Environmental Adaptations  Second Edition Book
Author : Wen-Jun Li, Hans-Peter Klenk,Sheng Qin,Wael N. Hozzein,Iftikhar Ahmed
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 2889459330
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Actinobacteria are well-known producers of a vast array of secondary metabolites. Compared with actinobacteria from temperate habitats, the community structure, diversity, biological activities and mechanisms of environmental adaptation of those actinobacteria in special and extreme environments are relatively unstudied and unclear, and their functions and utilization are even less reported. These actinobacteria are potential new sources of novel natural products and functions for exploitation in medicine, agriculture, and industry. Recent advances in cultivation, DNA sequencing technologies and -omics methods have greatly contributed to the rapid advancement of our understanding of microbial diversity, taxonomy, function and they interactions with environment. Following the success of the Research Topic “Actinobacteria in special and extreme habitats: diversity, functional roles and environmental adaptations” organized in 2015, we are happy to launch a second edition. This Research Topic second edition, comprising reviews and original articles, highlights recent discoveries on rare actinobacterial diversity, phylogenomics, biological compounds, ecological function and environmental adaptations of actinobacteria in special and extreme habitats; and broadens our knowledge of actinobacterial diversity and their ecophysiological function.