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Tritium Technologies For Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors

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Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors Book
Author : Alexander Perevezentsev,Mikhail Rozenkevich
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-02
ISBN : 0128243236
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors summarizes the most recent research and practice in tritium technologies for the processing of hydrogen isotopes in fuel cycles. Authors Dr. Perevezentsev and Professor Rozenkevich combine their wealth of first-hand experience to present this comprehensive guide which promotes the best radiation protection practices and a more sustainable way to produce power in a thermonuclear reactor plant. Applicable to both magnetic and inertial confinements of plasma, this book covers tritium processing systems, tritium recovery from the plasma chamber, and various safety systems devoted to lessening the impact on the public and environment. The readers are also led through various modeling techniques, such as the separation of hydrogen isotopes, and the detritiation of liquid and gaseous streams in dynamic and steady state operation modes. This book is a practical guide which includes various case studies and examples which will help solidify the reader’s learning. It combines the latest research of tritium technologies with applications for fusion nuclear reactors, and includes solutions and directions for the resolution of various common challenges faced. Engineers, researchers, and students of tritium technologies, fusion energy, and nuclear power generation will gain a detailed and integrated understanding of how tritium can be used within a nuclear setting, for cleaner and more efficient power generation. Guides the reader through problem solving via step-by-step processes and models Includes case studies and examples throughout, from two of the most recognized experts in the field with firsthand knowledge of the subject Presents a comprehensive, practical reference on the tritium fuel cycle for fusion reactors

Tritium Fuel of Fusion Reactors

Tritium  Fuel of Fusion Reactors Book
Author : Tetsuo Tanabe
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-05
ISBN : 4431564608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on tritium as a fuel for fusion reactors and a next-generation energy source. Following an introduction of tritium as a hydrogen radioisotope, important issues involved in establishing safe and economical tritium fuel cycles including breeding for a fusion reactor are summarized; these include the handling of large amounts of tritium: confinement, leakage, contamination, permeation, regulation and tritium accountancy, and impacts on surrounding areas. Targeting and encouraging the students and technicians who will design and operate fusion reactors in the near future, this book offers a valuable resource on tritium science and technology.

Safety in Tritium Handling Technology

Safety in Tritium Handling Technology Book
Author : F. Mannone
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1993-09-30
ISBN : 9780792325116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the lectures given during the Eurocourse on `Safety in Tritium Handling Technology', Ispra, Italy

Renewable Energies and CO2

Renewable Energies and CO2 Book
Author : Ricardo Guerrero-Lemus,José Manuel Martínez-Duart
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-14
ISBN : 1447143841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing up-to-date numerical data across a range of topics related to renewable energy technologies, Renewable Energies and CO2 offers a one-stop source of key information to engineers, economists and all other professionals working in the energy and climate change sectors. The most relevant up-to-date numerical data are exposed in 201 tables and graphs, integrated in terms of units and methodology, and covering topics such as energy system capacities and lifetimes, production costs, energy payback ratios, carbon emissions, external costs, patents and literature statistics. The data are first presented and then analyzed to project potential future grid, heat and fuel parity scenarios, as well as future technology tendencies in different energy technological areas. Innovative highlights and descriptions of preproduction energy systems and components from the past four years have been gathered from selected journals and international energy departments from G20 countries. As the field develops, readers are invited and encouraged to contact the authors for feedback and comments. The ongoing data collection and analysis will be used – after proper acknowledgment of contributors - to develop new editions. In this way, it is ensured that Renewable Energies and CO2 will remain an up-to-date resource for all those working with or involved in renewable energy, climate change, energy storage, carbon capture and smart grids.

UWFDM

UWFDM  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download UWFDM book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Principles of Fusion Energy

Principles of Fusion Energy Book
Author : A A Harms,D R Kingdon,K F Schoepf,G H Miley
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2000-06-15
ISBN : 981310273X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook accommodates the two divergent developmental paths which have become solidly established in the field of fusion energy: the process of sequential tokamak development toward a prototype and the need for a more fundamental and integrative research approach before costly design choices are made. Emphasis is placed on the development of physically coherent and mathematically clear characterizations of the scientific and technological foundations of fusion energy which are specifically suitable for a first course on the subject. Of interest, therefore, are selected aspects of nuclear physics, electromagnetics, plasma physics, reaction dynamics, materials science, and engineering systems, all brought together to form an integrated perspective on nuclear fusion and its practical utilization. The book identifies several distinct themes. The first is concerned with preliminary and introductory topics which relate to the basic and relevant physical processes associated with nuclear fusion. Then, the authors undertake an analysis of magnetically confined, inertially confined, and low-temperature fusion energy concepts. Subsequently, they introduce the important blanket domains surrounding the fusion core and discuss synergetic fusion-fission systems. Finally, they consider selected conceptual and technological subjects germane to the continuing development of fusion energy systems.

Nuclear Fusion

Nuclear Fusion Book
Author : Igor Girka
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-04-17
ISBN : 1789857872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Power production and its consumption and distribution are among the most urgent problems of mankind. Despite positive dynamics in introducing renewable sources of energy, nuclear power plants still remain the major source of carbon-free electric energy. Fusion can be an alternative to fission in the foreseeable future. Research in the field of controlled nuclear fusion has been ongoing for almost 100 years. Magnetic confinement systems are the most promising for effective implementation, and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor is under construction in France. To accomplish nuclear fusion on Earth, we have to resolve a number of scientific and technological problems. This monograph includes selected chapters on nuclear physics and mechanical engineering within the scope of nuclear fusion.

An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy

An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy Book
Author : Committee on the Prospects for Inertial Confinement Fusion Energy Systems,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-07-19
ISBN : 030927222X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The potential for using fusion energy to produce commercial electric power was first explored in the 1950s. Harnessing fusion energy offers the prospect of a nearly carbon-free energy source with a virtually unlimited supply of fuel. Unlike nuclear fission plants, appropriately designed fusion power plants would not produce the large amounts of high-level nuclear waste that requires long-term disposal. Due to these prospects, many nations have initiated research and development (R&D) programs aimed at developing fusion as an energy source. Two R&D approaches are being explored: magnetic fusion energy (MFE) and inertial fusion energy (IFE). An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy describes and assesses the current status of IFE research in the United States; compares the various technical approaches to IFE; and identifies the scientific and engineering challenges associated with developing inertial confinement fusion (ICF) in particular as an energy source. It also provides guidance on an R&D roadmap at the conceptual level for a national program focusing on the design and construction of an inertial fusion energy demonstration plant.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nuclear Science Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fusion Power

Fusion Power Book
Author : Fouad Sabry
Publisher : One Billion Knowledgeable
Release : 2022-10-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What Is Fusion Power Fusion power is a kind of power production that has been suggested in recent years that would produce electricity by using the heat produced by nuclear fusion processes. During the process of nuclear fusion, two lighter atomic nuclei unite to produce one heavier atomic nucleus, which also results in the release of energy. Fusion reactors are the machines that are built to extract energy from fusion reactions. How You Will Benefit (I) Insights, and validations about the following topics: Chapter 1: Fusion power Chapter 2: Nuclear fusion Chapter 3: Tokamak Chapter 4: Thermonuclear fusion Chapter 5: Fusion rocket Chapter 6: Inertial confinement fusion Chapter 7: Timeline of nuclear fusion Chapter 8: ITER Chapter 9: Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor Chapter 10: Aneutronic fusion Chapter 11: Fusion energy gain factor Chapter 12: Magnetic confinement fusion Chapter 13: DEMOnstration Power Plant Chapter 14: Inertial fusion power plant Chapter 15: Magnetized target fusion Chapter 16: Nuclear fusion-fission hybrid Chapter 17: Magnetized Liner Inertial Fusion Chapter 18: Plasma-facing material Chapter 19: Laser Inertial Fusion Energy Chapter 20: China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor Chapter 21: History of nuclear fusion (II) Answering the public top questions about fusion power. (III) Real world examples for the usage of fusion power in many fields. (IV) 17 appendices to explain, briefly, 266 emerging technologies in each industry to have 360-degree full understanding of fusion power' technologies. Who This Book Is For Professionals, undergraduate and graduate students, enthusiasts, hobbyists, and those who want to go beyond basic knowledge or information for any kind of fusion power.

Fusion Reactor Design

Fusion Reactor Design Book
Author : Takashi Okazaki
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-03-14
ISBN : 3527414037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fusion Reactor Design Provides a detailed overview of fusion reactor design, written by an international leader in the field Nuclear fusion—generating four times as much energy from the same mass of fuel as nuclear fission—is regarded by its proponents as a viable, eco-friendly alternative to gas-fired, coal-fired, and conventional power plants. Although the physics of nuclear fusion is essentially understood, the construction of prototype reactors currently presents significant technical challenges. Fusion Reactor Design: Plasma Physics, Fuel Cycle System, Operation and Maintenance provides a systematic, reader-friendly introduction to the characteristics, components, and critical systems of fusion reactors. Focusing on the experimental Tokamak reactor, this up-to-date resource covers relevant plasma physics, necessary technology, analysis methods, and the other aspects of fusion reactors. In-depth chapters include derivations of key formulas, figures highlighting physical and structural characteristics of fusion reactors, illustrative numerical calculations, practical design examples, and more. Designed to help researchers and engineers understand and overcome the technological difficulties in making fusion power a reality, this volume: Provides in-depth knowledge on controlled thermonuclear fusion and its large-scale application in both current fusion reactors and future test reactors Covers plasma analysis, plasma equilibrium and stability, and plasma transport and confinement, and safety considerations Explains each component of fusion reactors, including divertors, superconducting coils, plasma heating and current drive systems, and vacuum vessels Discusses safety aspects of fusion reactors as well as computational approaches to safety aspects of fusion reactors Fusion Reactor Design: Plasma Physics, Fuel Cycle System, Operation and Maintenance is required reading for undergraduate and graduate students studying plasma physics and fusion reactor technology, and an important reference for nuclear physicists, nuclear reactor manufacturers, and power engineers involved in fusion reactor research and advanced technology development.

Tritium and Helium 3 in Metals

Tritium and Helium 3 in Metals Book
Author : Rainer Lässer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-13
ISBN : 364273510X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen can behave as an alkaline metal or a halogen and can react with nearly all elements of the periodic table. This explains the large number of metal hydrides. Since T. Graham's first observation of the absorption of hydrogen in palladium in 1866 the behaviour of hydrogen in metals has been studied very extensively. The interest was motivated by the possible application of metal-hydrogen systems in new technologies (e.g., moderator material in nuclear fission reactors, reversible storage material for thermal energy and large amounts of hydrogen) and by the fact that metal hydrides show very exciting physical properties (e.g., superconductivity, quantum diffusion, order-disorder transitions, phase diagrams, etc.). Many of these properties have been determined for the stable hydrogen isotopes Hand D in various metals. In comparison, very little is known about the behaviour of the ra dioactive isotope tritium in metals. This book is a first attempt to summarize part of the knowledge of tritium gained in the last few years. In addition to the task of presenting the properties of tritium in metals, I have tried to compare these data with those of protium and deuterium. Furthermore, helium-3 is connected inse parably with tritium via the tritium decay. Therefore one chapter of this book is solely devoted to the curious properties of helium in metals caused mainly by its negligible solubility.

Magnetic Fusion Technology

Magnetic Fusion Technology Book
Author : Thomas J. Dolan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-02-10
ISBN : 1447155564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic Fusion Technology describes the technologies that are required for successful development of nuclear fusion power plants using strong magnetic fields. These technologies include: • magnet systems, • plasma heating systems, • control systems, • energy conversion systems, • advanced materials development, • vacuum systems, • cryogenic systems, • plasma diagnostics, • safety systems, and • power plant design studies. Magnetic Fusion Technology will be useful to students and to specialists working in energy research.

Design Technology of Fusion Reactors

Design Technology of Fusion Reactors Book
Author : Minoru Akiyama
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9789971507275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the contributions of over 40 outstanding applied physicists from Japan specializing in this area of design technology. Among them are K Miya, S Yamamoto, M Ohnishi, Y Ogawa, Y Sakai, T Kuroda, H Nariai, K Miyazaki, H Madarame, M Saitoh.The topics discussed extensively include: Plasma; First Wall and Impurity Control Engineering; Blanket and Shield; Magnet; Heating; Power Supply; Tritium Systems; Fuel Supply System; Remote Handling; Vacuum System; Building; Cooling System; Fundamentals for Design Technology.

Fusion Energy Update

Fusion Energy Update Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fusion Energy Update book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Systems Approaches to Nuclear Fusion Reactors

Systems Approaches to Nuclear Fusion Reactors Book
Author : Frederick B. Marcus
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2023-02-02
ISBN : 3031177118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an overall review, applying systems engineering and architecture approaches, of the design, optimization, operation and results of leading fusion experiments. These approaches provide a unified means of evaluating reactor design. Methodologies are developed for more coherent construction or evaluation of fusion devices, associated experiments and operating procedures. The main focus is on tokamaks, with almost all machines and their important results being integrated into a systems design space. Case studies focus on DIII-D, TCV, JET, WEST, the fusion reactor prototype ITER and the EU DEMO concept. Stellarator, Mirror and Laser inertial confinement experiments are similarly analysed, including reactor implications of breakeven at NIF. The book examines the engineering and physics design and optimization process for each machine, analysing their performance and major results achieved, thus establishing a basis for the improvement of future machines. The reader will gain a broad historical and up-to-date perspective of the status of nuclear fusion research from both an engineering and physics point of view. Explanations are given of the computational tools needed to design and operate successful experiments and reactor-relevant machines. This book is aimed at both graduate students and practitioners of nuclear fusion science and engineering, as well as those specializing in other fields demanding large and integrated experimental equipment. Systems engineers will obtain valuable insights into fusion applications. References are given to associated complex mathematical derivations, which are beyond the scope of this book. The general reader interested in nuclear fusion will find here an accessible summary of the current state of nuclear fusion.

Nuclear Data for Science and Technology

Nuclear Data for Science and Technology Book
Author : K.H. Bockhoff
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400970994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the International Conference, Antwerp, Belgium, September 6-10, 1982

Fundamentals of Magnetic Thermonuclear Reactor Design

Fundamentals of Magnetic Thermonuclear Reactor Design Book
Author : Vasilij A. Glukhikh,Oleg Gennadievich Filatov,Boris Nikolaevich Kolbasov
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-05-21
ISBN : 0081024711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Magnetic Thermonuclear Reactor Design is a comprehensive resource on fusion technology and energy systems written by renowned scientists and engineers from the Russian nuclear industry. It brings together a wealth of invaluable experience and knowledge on controlled thermonuclear fusion (CTF) facilities with magnetic plasma confinement – from the first semi-commercial tokamak T-3, to the multi-billion international experimental thermonuclear reactor ITER, now in construction in France. As the INTOR and ITER projects have made an immense contribution in the past few decades, this book focuses on its practical engineering aspects and the basics of technical physics and electrical engineering. Users will gain an understanding of the key ratios between plasma and technical parameters, design streamlining algorithms and engineering solutions. Written by a team of qualified experts who have been involved in the design of thermonuclear reactors for over 50 years Outlines the most important features of the ITER project in France which is building the largest tokamak, including the design, material selection, safety and economic considerations Includes data on how to design magnetic fusion reactors using CAD tools, along with relevant regulatory documents