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Trigeminocardiac Reflex

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Trigeminocardiac Reflex

Trigeminocardiac Reflex Book
Author : Tumul Chowdhury,Bernhard J. Schaller
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-05-29
ISBN : 0128005939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trigeminocardiac Reflex is a comprehensive tutorial reference to the science, diagnosis, and possible treatment of the trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) that is usually initiated when the trigeminal nerve is disturbed during intercranial surgery. Since first reported in 1999 by co-Editor Bernhard Schaller, the research focused on TCR is expanding. While its instance is rare, new discoveries are not only increasing diagnosis, but also providing more effective treatment protocols. This text is ideal as a reference for clinical and research neurologists, as a general introduction for clinical presentation, and as a foundation for new research. Represents the first tutorial reference focused on the Trigeminocardiac Reflex (TCR) Content organized by two of the leading scientists in the area, Dr. Tumul Chowdhury (University of Manitoba) and Prof. Bernhard Schaller (University of Southampton) Defines TCR, its onset, and possible treatments Establishes a knowledge base for the future study of the TCR and treatment protocols

The Trigemino Cardiac Reflex Beyond the Diving Reflex

The Trigemino Cardiac Reflex  Beyond the Diving Reflex Book
Author : Bernhard Schaller,Tumul Chowdhury
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-01-16
ISBN : 2889454002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The trigemino-cardiac reflex (TCR) is a well established brain-stem reflex and commonly manifests as bradycardia, asystole, hypotension and / or apnea. This phenomenon was extensively explored in the recent past. However, the area related to its exact bio-physiological mechanism, neuro-anatomical linkages, clinical implications, its role in non neurological events and future directions should need to be further investigated. Therefore, this present research topic on TCR would mainly focus on various aspects of TCR and present a comprehensive and exhaustive overview about a phenomena that gains more and more interest during the last few years. Our goal is to present models about the different aspects of the TCR to develop in-depth understanding of TCR.

Trigeminocardiac Reflex in Open Reduction for TMJ Dislocation

Trigeminocardiac Reflex in Open Reduction for TMJ Dislocation Book
Author : Yeojung Kim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

U2022 Background : Trigeminocardiac reflex occurs after manipulation around any branches of the trigeminal nerve. Oculocardiac reflex has frequently been reported. However, there have been only rare reports of such cases attributed to stimulation of division III. We report a case of trigeminocardiac reflex in open reduction for TMJ dislocation.u2022 Case report : A 74-year-old female presented for TMJ dislocation. Manual reduction was failed because of severe lateral pterigoid muscle contracture. Open reduction under general anesthesia was decided. During surgical manipulation of right mandibular angle, severe bradycardia(HR=20bpm) occurred. Immediately 0.5 mg atropine was administered intravenously, and the surgical manipulation was stopped. After 60 seconds, heart rate normalized. Then, during surgery, severe bradycardia occurred one more time. It disappeared spontaneously as soon as surgical manipulation was stopped. The surgery was completed uneventfully.u2022 Discussion : Trigeminocardiac reflex due to stimulation of division III is very rare. However, given the possibility of profound bradycardia, asystole, or even death when evoked, it is important to be aware of the trigeminocardiac reufb02ex during surgical stimulation of the mandibular divisions of the trigeminal nerve, in particular surgical stimulation of TMJ.u2022 References : William D. Holmes, MD et al. The Trigeminocardiac Reflex and Dermatologic Surgery. Dermatol Surg 2011;37:1795u20131797S. Ron Choi et al. Effects of different anesthetic agents on OCR. J Anesth (2009) 23:489u2013493u2022 Learning points : During TMJ stimulation, it is necessary to deserve attention for trigeminocardiac reflex.

The Trigeminocardiac Reflex An Example of Reflexive Heart Rhythm Change

The Trigeminocardiac Reflex   An Example of Reflexive Heart Rhythm Change Book
Author : Tumul Chowdhury
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) is defined as the sudden onset of parasympathetic dysrhythmia, sympathetic hypotension, apnoea or gastric hyper-motility during mechanical/thermal stimulation of any of the sensory branches of the trigeminal nerve. The risk factors that are already known for increasing the prevalence of the TCR include anatomical location, hypercapnia, hypoxemia, light general anaesthesia, age (more pronounced in children), the nature of the provoking stimulus (stimulus strength and duration) and different drugs. Already different potential confounders are also identified. This discussion about risk factors has its importance because of the substantial consequences for functional outcome after intraoperative TCR occurrence. But there remains still a substantial lack of thorough understanding of the TCR, the current treatment options for patients with TCR include a mostly empirical approach: (i) risk factor identification and modification; (ii) prophylactic measures of vital signs and (iii) administration of vagolytic agents or sympathomimetics. In this context, we have now created different thinking models so that we can preoperatively plan a skull base surgery procedure safely in relation to a potential occurrence of the TCR episodes. This chapter provides an overview of this unique reflex that presents a unique interaction between heart and brain. In addition, this also illustrates the mechanism of various cardiac rhythm changes related to the TCR.

The Clinical Surrogate Definition of the Trigeminocardiac Reflex Development of an Optimized Model According to a PRISMA compliant Systematic Review

The Clinical Surrogate Definition of the Trigeminocardiac Reflex Development of an Optimized Model According to a PRISMA compliant Systematic Review Book
Author : Cyrill Meuwly
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018*
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Clinical Surrogate Definition of the Trigeminocardiac Reflex Development of an Optimized Model According to a PRISMA compliant Systematic Review book written by Cyrill Meuwly, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ischemic Postconditioning After Stroke Another Concept for the Trigeminocardiac Reflex

Ischemic Postconditioning After Stroke  Another Concept for the Trigeminocardiac Reflex  Book
Author : Nora Sandu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ischemic postconditioning is a concept for preventing ischemia/reperfusion injury in cerebral infarction. It has been evolved into experimental research by a broad range of stimuli/triggers and has not yet found its place in translational research. This review, therefore, first examines a potential clinical application of this concept and also provides insight into the phenomenon of trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) and its oxygen-conserving component as a pillar of the ischemic postconditioning concept in humans. This concept serves as an example that only innovative therapeutic approach will substantially improve the current stroke research.

Explicative Cases of Controversial Issues in Neurosurgery

Explicative Cases of Controversial Issues in Neurosurgery Book
Author : Francesco Signorelli
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release : 2012-05-23
ISBN : 9789535106234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurosurgery is a rapidly developing field of medicine. Therefore, staying keeping track of the advancements in the field is paramount for trainees as well as fully trained neurosurgeons. This book, fully available online, is a part of our effort of improving availability of medical information for anyone who needs to keep up-to-date.

The Impact of Hypotension Due to the Trigeminocardiac Reflex on Auditory Function in Vestibular Schwannoma Surgery

The Impact of Hypotension Due to the Trigeminocardiac Reflex on Auditory Function in Vestibular Schwannoma Surgery Book
Author : Andrei Koerbel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Impact of Hypotension Due to the Trigeminocardiac Reflex on Auditory Function in Vestibular Schwannoma Surgery book written by Andrei Koerbel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic Stroke Book
Author : Bernhard Schaller
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-10-19
ISBN : 9535127128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers all aspects and the most vibrant topics of ischemic stroke research: from basic sciences to latest methods of clinical applications. The authors give an overview of what has importance today in stroke research and also strike future ideas. The diversity of origin of the internationally known authors underlines not only that ischemic stroke research is nowadays global but also that this diversity gives new and valuable inputs to treat our patients.

Complications in Neuroanesthesia

Complications in Neuroanesthesia Book
Author : Hemanshu Prabhakar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-11
ISBN : 0128041137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complications in Neuroanesthesia focuses on complications that may arise related to neuroanesthesia practice and discusses its various causes. Each complication is written as a separate chapter, and the pathophysiology and mechanisms of each complication, as well as measures for diagnosis, treatment and prevention are discussed. Towards the end of the book, several case scenarios are provided to the readers that challenge readers to diagnose the possible complication for each case. Chapters include brain and spinal cord problems, cardiovascular and hematological problems, and nerve and muscle problems. Written in a standard format, Complications in Neuroanesthesia provides quick and easy access to understanding problems in neuroanesthesia. It provides insight into all possible complications occurring during perioperative management of neurosurgical and neurologic patients. It is useful for trainees, clinicians, and researchers in the fields of neurosurgery, neurocritical care, and neurology by providing an understanding of preventable mishaps that may occur in neurosurgical or neurologic patients. Quick and easy reference for understanding problems in neuroanesthesia Provides comprehensive insights into all possible complications occurring during perioperative management of neurosurgical and neurologic patients Includes useful section with clinical case studies of complications in neuroanesthesia

Handbook of Trigeminal Neuralgia

Handbook of Trigeminal Neuralgia Book
Author : Girija Prasad Rath
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-17
ISBN : 981132333X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers all aspects of trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) which is a common yet very painful condition of face and scalp. Chapters include historical perspective of the condition, clinical presentations, diagnosis, management strategy, drug therapy, different interventional techniques utilized, and non-invasive modalities offered. The book has ample images to explain three main percutaneous procedures carried out for this condition such as radiofrequency thermocoagulation, glycerol rhizolysis and balloon microcompression in detail. It also covers open neurosurgical procedures including microvascular decompression and certain non-conventional and non-invasive methods. This book provides assistance to pain physicians to have a comprehensive knowledge of trigeminal neuralgia. It is also relevant to neurosurgeons, neurologists, anesthesiologists, dental surgeons and resident doctors.

Tumors of the Central Nervous System Volume 10

Tumors of the Central Nervous System  Volume 10 Book
Author : M.A. Hayat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-22
ISBN : 940075681X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adding to a vitally important cycle of publications covering the latest research developments in our understanding of neoplasms affecting the human central nervous system, this edition focuses on numerous aspects of pineal, pituitary, and spinal tumors. As with the previous volumes in the series, this latest work addresses a central imperative in cancer research—the need to standardize classifications, written definitions and investigative guidelines in order to achieve a measure of shared objectivity among academics engaged in one of the most important medical endeavors of our era. It brings together the very latest work by oncologists, neurosurgeons, physicians, research scientists, and pathologists, providing the medical community with a wealth of data and results that, taken together, will advance the cause of cancer research. The volume synthesizes work on diagnosis, drug development, and therapeutic approaches that are typically scattered in a variety of journals and books. It features promising recent work in applying molecular genetics to clinical practice and evidence-based therapy, covering molecular profiling of tumors as well as a number of surgical treatments such as resection and radiosurgery. Together with its counterpart publications, it represents a much-needed central resource that will inform and guide future research efforts.

Explicative Cases of Controversial Issues in Neurosurgery

Explicative Cases of Controversial Issues in Neurosurgery Book
Author : Francesco Signorelli
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-05-23
ISBN : 9535106236
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurosurgery is a rapidly developing field of medicine. Therefore, staying keeping track of the advancements in the field is paramount for trainees as well as fully trained neurosurgeons. This book, fully available online, is a part of our effort of improving availability of medical information for anyone who needs to keep up-to-date.

Essentials of Neuroanesthesia

Essentials of Neuroanesthesia Book
Author : Hemanshu Prabhakar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-03-24
ISBN : 0128054301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essentials of Neuroanesthesia offers useful insights on the anesthetic management of neurosurgical and neurologic patients. This book covers all topics related to neuroanesthesia, providing essential knowledge on the brain and spinal cord. Sections include chapters on anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology, along with specific chapters related to various neurosurgical and neurological problems and their anesthetic management. This book provides an understanding of related issues, such as palliative care, evidence based practice of neuroanesthesia, sterilization techniques, biostatistics, and ethical issues, and is useful for trainees, clinicians, and researchers in the fields of neurosurgery, neurocritical care, neuroanesthesia, and neurology. Offers useful insights on the anesthetic management of neurosurgical and neurologic patients Discusses related issues, such as palliative care, evidence based practice of neuroanesthesia, sterilization techniques, biostatistics, and ethical issues Useful for trainees, clinicians, and researchers in the fields of neurosurgery, neurocritical care, neuroanesthesia, and neurology

Issues in Neurological Surgery and Specialties 2011 Edition

Issues in Neurological Surgery and Specialties  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 146496419X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Neurological Surgery and Specialties: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Neurological Surgery and Specialties. The editors have built Issues in Neurological Surgery and Specialties: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Neurological Surgery and Specialties in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Neurological Surgery and Specialties: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Stem Cell Oncology

Stem Cell Oncology Book
Author : Adeya Cut Adella
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-04-27
ISBN : 1351190148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stem cell research is one of the fascinating areas of contemporary biology, but, as with many expanding fields of scientific inquiry, research on stem cells raises scientific questions as rapidly as it generates discoveries. Research on stem cell treatment continues to advance knowledge about how an organism develops from a single cell and how healthy cells replace damaged cells in adult organisms. The most important potential application of human stem cells is the generation of cells and tissues that could be used for cell-based therapies, especially oncology. The Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, collaborated with the center of excellence and innovation (Pusat Unggulan Inovasi /PUI). The Stem Cell center of the Universitas Sumatera Utara (USU) organized an International Conference. The International Stem Cell and Oncology Conference (ISCOC) 2017 was a comprehensive academic conference in the field of stem cell and oncology research and also tropical medicine and related scientific topics. We expect Stem Cell Oncology will benefit academics and practitioners in the field of health sciences in Indonesia. This is an Open Access ebook, and can be found on www.taylorfrancis.com.

Crib Death Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS

Crib Death   Sudden Infant Death Syndrome  SIDS  Book
Author : Giulia Ottaviani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-01
ISBN : 3319083473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crib death or sudden infant death syndrome is the most frequent death-causing syndrome during the first year of life, striking one infant in every 700-1,000. Despite a wide spectrum of theories and years of research, crib death remains a great enigma. This book describes systematic studies of the cardiovascular system and autonomic nervous system carried out in a large number of infants, newborns, and fetuses who have died suddenly and unexpectedly, as well as in age-matched control cases. The cardiovascular and neuropathological findings are presented in detail and the relationship between crib death and unexplained perinatal death is discussed. This monograph will aid pathologists, forensic pathologists, pediatricians, obstetricians and neonatologists in recognizing all potential morphological substrata. It puts forward a well-researched standardized postmortem protocol to be applied in all cases of sudden unexpected infant and perinatal death.

Temporomandibular Joint and Airway Disorders

Temporomandibular Joint and Airway Disorders Book
Author : G. Gary Demerjian,André Barkhordarian,Francesco Chiappelli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-03
ISBN : 3319763679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book on the local and systemic manifestations and correlates of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) encompasses the two intertwined facets of translational science – translational research and translational effectiveness – as they relate specifically to TMDs. The first part of the book, on recent translational research, focuses on topics such as the neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of the trigeminal nerve and trigeminal network system, the manifestations of neuroinflammation in TMDs, and the molecular mechanisms underlying TMDs. The second part discusses the clinical effectiveness of treatment approaches from the perspective of evidence-based dentistry, with careful attention to the critical relationships between dental malocclusions, the signs and symptoms of TMDs, and airway/breathing disorders. Interventions to correct for malocclusal conditions that lead to TMDs are examined, with explanation of the ways in which they can ameliorate a variety of local and systemic symptoms. This will be an excellent reference book for established practitioners, residents, interns, and students as well as a powerful cutting-edge document for researchers in the field.

Brain Hypoxia Ischemia Research Progress

Brain Hypoxia Ischemia Research Progress Book
Author : Océane M. Roux
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781604561395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain hypoxia-ischemia is a disorder characterised by a reduction in oxygen supply (hypoxia) combined with reduced blood flow (ischemia) to the brain. This condition may result from a localised obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ischemic attack, transient; brain infarction; brain oedema; coma; and other conditions. This book presents the latest research in this field from around the world.