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Treatment Of Biogas For Feeding High Temperature Fuel Cells

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Treatment of Biogas for Feeding High Temperature Fuel Cells

Treatment of Biogas for Feeding High Temperature Fuel Cells Book
Author : Maria Turco,Angelo Ausiello,Luca Micoli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-13
ISBN : 3319032151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reports on the most recent applications of processes with a particular focus on the source and the properties of biogas and on the characteristics of the fuel cells (FCs). It describes adsorbing materials of potential interest are reviewed and the preparation methods and treatments employed to improve the adsorption properties as well as the stability and regenerability. The characterization of the chemical and physical properties involved in these processes is examined in particular detail. The book also covers aspects that concern the development of the adsorption apparatus with particular attention on the target of low residual concentration and high selectivity.High temperature FCs, such as molten carbonates (MCFCs) or solid oxides (SOFCs), are efficient, with a low environmental impact, and they can use a wide variety of fuels, such as biogas. The presence of some poisonous compounds such as sulphides, halides, and siloxanes can react with electrode catalysts and electrolyte, leading to the degradation and short lifetime of the cell. The treatment of raw biogas to obtain a FC-compatible fuel is mainly based on adsorption processes on suitable materials.

Biogas

Biogas Book
Author : Abd El-Fatah Abomohra,Mahdy Elsayed,Zuzeng Qin,Hongbing Ji,Zili Liu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-04-28
ISBN : 1839626682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is by far the most important technology for providing clean renewable energy to millions in rural areas of many developing countries. AD of biowastes produces both biomethane and anaerobic digestate as a byproduct that can be used further as a biofertilizer. Biowastes including sewage, food processing wastes, animal wastes, and lignocellulosic wastes typically produce biogas containing 55%–70% biomethane. In the context of energy consumption, more than 85% of the total energy consumed currently comes from non-renewable fossil resources. Biogas technology can provide sustainable, affordable, and eco-friendly energy through waste recycling. This book provides basic knowledge and recent research on biogas production, focusing on the enhancement of biomethane and production routes integrated with microalgae cultivation or agriculture.

Life Cycle Assessment of Wastewater Treatment

Life Cycle Assessment of Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Mu. Naushad
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-15
ISBN : 1351678272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life Cycle Assessment of Wastewater Treatment addresses in detail the required in-depth life cycle assessment of wastewater treatment. This is to meet the special demands placed upon wastewater treatment processes, due to both the limited quantity and often low quality of water supplies. Wastewater management clearly plays a central role in achieving future water security in a world where water stress is expected to increase. Life cycle assessment (LCA) can be used as a tool to evaluate the environmental impacts associated with wastewater treatment and potential improvement options. This unique volume will focus on the analysis of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. Key Features: Focuses on the analysis of wastewater treatment plants using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach Discusses unconventional water sources such as recycled wastewater, brackish groundwater and desalinated seawater Explains life cycle assessment in detail, which has become one of the reference methods used to assess the environmental performance of processes over their complete life cycle, from raw material extraction, infrastructure construction and operation to final dismantling Explores a technique (LCA) that is becoming increasingly popular amongst researchers in the water treatment field nowadays because of its holistic approach Based on the real life experiences, the subject of wastewater is presented in simple terms and made accessible to anyone willing to learn and experiment

Sustainable Development and Innovations in Marine Technologies

Sustainable Development and Innovations in Marine Technologies Book
Author : Petar Georgiev,Carlos Guedes Soares
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-22
ISBN : 1000751058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Development and Innovations in Marine Technologies includes the papers presented at the 18th International Congress of the Maritime Association of the Mediterranean (IMAM 2019, Varna, Bulgaria, 9-11 September 2019). Sustainable Development and Innovations in Marine Technologies includes a wide range of topics: Aquaculture & Fishing; Construction; Defence & Security; Design; Dynamic response of structures; Degradation/ Defects in structures; Electrical equipment of ships; Human factors; Hydrodynamics; Legal/Social aspects; Logistics; Machinery & Control; Marine environmental protection; Materials; Navigation; Noise; Non-linear motions – manoeuvrability; Off-shore and coastal development; Off-shore renewable energy; Port operations; Prime movers; Propulsion; Safety at sea; Safety of Marine Systems; Sea waves; Seakeeping; Shaft & propellers; Ship resistance; Shipyards; Small & pleasure crafts; Stability; Static response of structures; Structures, and Wind loads. The IMAM series of Conferences started in 1978 when the first Congress was organised in Istanbul, Turkey. IMAM 2019 is the eighteenth edition, and in its nearly forty years of history, this biannual event has been organised throughout Europe. Sustainable Development and Innovations in Marine Technologies is essential reading for academics, engineers and all professionals involved in the area of sustainable and innovative marine technologies.

Energy Storage for Modern Power System Operations

Energy Storage for Modern Power System Operations Book
Author : Sandeep Dhundhara,Yajvender Pal Verma
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-09-27
ISBN : 1119760283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ENERGY STORAGE for MODERN POWER SYSTEM OPERATIONS Written and edited by a team of well-known and respected experts in the field, this new volume on energy storage presents the state-of-the-art developments and challenges for modern power systems for engineers, researchers, academicians, industry professionals, consultants, and designers. Energy storage systems have been recognized as the key elements in modern power systems, where they are able to provide primary and secondary frequency controls, voltage regulation, power quality improvement, stability enhancement, reserve service, peak shaving, and so on. Particularly, deployment of energy storage systems in a distributed manner will contribute greatly in the development of smart grids and providing promising solutions for the above issues. The main challenges will be the adoption of new techniques and strategies for the optimal planning, control, monitoring and management of modern power systems with the wide installation of distributed energy storage systems. Thus, the aim of this book is to illustrate the potential of energy storage systems in different applications of modern power systems, with a view toward illuminating recent advances and research trends in storage technologies. This exciting new volume covers the recent advancements and applications of different energy storage technologies that are useful to engineers, scientists, and students in the discipline of electrical engineering. Suitable for the engineers at power companies and energy storage consultants working in the energy storage field, this book offers a cross-disciplinary look across electrical, mechanical, chemical and renewable engineering aspects of energy storage. Whether for the veteran engineer or the student, this is a must-have for any library. AUDIENCE Electrical engineers and other designers, engineers, and scientists working in energy storage

Coal and Biomass Gasification

Coal and Biomass Gasification Book
Author : Santanu De,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,V. S. Moholkar,Bhaskar Thallada
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-13
ISBN : 981107335X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the science and technology of the gasification process and the production of electricity, synthetic fuels and other useful chemicals. Pursuing a holistic approach, it covers the fundamentals of gasification and its various applications. In addition to discussing recent advances and outlining future directions, it covers advanced topics such as underground coal gasification and chemical looping combustion, and describes the state-of-the-art experimental techniques, modeling and numerical simulations, environmentally friendly approaches, and technological challenges involved. Written in an easy-to-understand format with a comprehensive glossary and bibliography, the book offers an ideal reference guide to coal and biomass gasification for beginners, engineers and researchers involved in designing or operating gasification plants.

Recent Progress in Computational Sciences and Engineering 2 vols

Recent Progress in Computational Sciences and Engineering  2 vols  Book
Author : Theodore Simos
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-07
ISBN : 1466564512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together selected contributed papers presented at the International Conference of Computational Methods in Science and Engineering (ICCMSE 2006), held in Chania, Greece, October 2006. The conference aims to bring together computational scientists from several disciplines in order to share methods and ideas. The ICCMSE is unique in its kind. It regroups original contributions from all fields of the traditional Sciences, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Medicine and all branches of Engineering. It would be perhaps more appropriate to define the ICCMSE as a conference on computational science and its applications to science and engineering. Topics of general interest are: Computational Mathematics, Theoretical Physics and Theoretical Chemistry. Computational Engineering and Mechanics, Computational Biology and Medicine, Computational Geosciences and Meteorology, Computational Economics and Finance, Scientific Computation. High Performance Computing, Parallel and Distributed Computing, Visualization, Problem Solving Environments, Numerical Algorithms, Modelling and Simulation of Complex System, Web-based Simulation and Computing, Grid-based Simulation and Computing, Fuzzy Logic, Hybrid Computational Methods, Data Mining, Information Retrieval and Virtual Reality, Reliable Computing, Image Processing, Computational Science and Education etc. More than 800 extended abstracts have been submitted for consideration for presentation in ICCMSE 2005. From these 500 have been selected after international peer review by at least two independent reviewers.

Biofuels and Bioenergy

Biofuels and Bioenergy Book
Author : Gurunathan Baskar,Sahadevan Renganathan,Zainul Akmar Bin Zakaria
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-17
ISBN : 032385270X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofuels and Bioenergy: Opportunities and Challenges is the first of two volumes that address the technological developments and challenges in the production of a broad range of biofuels and bioenergy products from renewable feedstock. The book emphasizes the opportunities and challenges involved in various processes including fermentation, transesterification, microbial fuels cells, liquefaction, gasification, and pyrolysis. These are also considered from a biorefinery perspective and discuss all common biomass feedstocks. In addition, the book presents new research on microalgae from waste water treatment, large scale production of microalgae, microbial biooil production, biogas production, computational tools for manipulation of metabolic pathway for enhanced biogas production, production of biofuel from genetically modified microalgal biomass, techno-economic analysis, environmental impact and life cycle analysis. Biofuels and Bioenergy is an ideal reference on the latest research for researchers and students working in the area of biofuels and renewable energy. Addresses biological and chemical methods of biofuel and bioenergy production Provides industry case studies alongside in-depth techno-economic analysis, environmental impact, and life cycle assessment of biofuels production Focuses on the commercial viability of production processes

Climate Change and Green Chemistry of CO2 Sequestration

Climate Change and Green Chemistry of CO2 Sequestration Book
Author : Malti Goel,T. Satyanarayana,Maruthadu Sudhakar,D. P. Agrawal
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-10
ISBN : 9811600295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book comprises state-of-the-art scientific reviews on carbon management strategies in response to climate change. It provides in-depth information on topics relating to recent advances in carbon capture technology and its reuse in value added products. It features contributions of leading scientists and technocrats on topics including climate change and carbon sequestration, lowering carbon footprint CO2 capture, low carbon imperatives in oil industry, CO2 as refrigerant in cold-chain application, carbonic anhydrase-mediated carbon sequestration and utilization, chemical looping combustion with Indian coal, CO2 conversion to chemicals, algae based biofuels, and carbon capture patent landscaping analysis. The contents of this book will be helpful for research scholars, post-graduate students, industry, agricultural scientists and policy makers/planners.

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Mahdi Sharifzadeh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-31
ISBN : 0128154292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: The Systems Engineering Vision for Industrial Application presents a comprehensive, critical and accessible review of the latest research in the field of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). As well as discussing the theoretical aspects of the field, the book explores a diverse range of power applications, such as hybrid power plants, polygeneration, distributed electricity generation, energy storage and waste management—all with a focus on modeling and computational skills. Dr. Sharifzadeh presents the associated risks and limitations throughout the discussion, providing a very complete and thorough analysis of SOFCs and their control and operation in power plants. The first of its kind, this book will be of particular interest to energy engineers, industry experts and academic researchers in the energy, power and transportation industries, as well as those working and researching in the chemical, environmental and material sectors. Closes the gap between various power engineering disciples by considering a diverse variety of applications and sectors Presents and reviews a variety of modeling techniques and considers regulations throughout Includes CFD modeling examples and process simulation and optimization programming guidance

CO2 A Valuable Source of Carbon

CO2  A Valuable Source of Carbon Book
Author : Marcello De De Falco,Gaetano Iaquaniello,Gabriele Centi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-30
ISBN : 1447151194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the annual production of carbon Dioxide (CO2) reaches 30 billion tones, the growing issue of the greenhouse effect has triggered the development of technologies for CO2 sequestration, storage and use as a reactant. Collecting together the reports of the Congress at University of Rome (Campus Bio-medico) held 16th April 2012, CO2: A Valuable Source of Carbon presents and discusses promising technologies for the industrial exploitation of CO2. Divided into two parts, the current technology is evaluated and summarized before European and national projects are presented. The focus on CO2 recovery, particularly in value-added production, proposes applicable methods to develop sustainable practices and even to mitigate greenhouse gas emission from large-scale fossil fuels usage. Including current data and real-world examples, CO2: A valuable source of carbon provides students, engineers, researchers and industry professional with up-to-date material and potential areas for development and research.

Integrated Sustainable Urban Water Energy and Solids Management

Integrated Sustainable Urban Water  Energy  and Solids Management Book
Author : Vladimir Novotny
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-01-13
ISBN : 1119593697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide for urban areas to achieve sustainability by recovering water, energy, and solids Integrated Sustainable Urban Water, Energy, and Solids Management presents an integrated and sustainable system of urban water, used (waste) water, and waste solids management that would save and protect water quality, recover energy and other resources from used water and waste solids including plastics, and minimize or eliminate the need for landfills. The author—a noted expert on the topic—explains how to accomplish sustainability with drainage infrastructures connected to receiving waters that protect or mimic nature and are resilient to natural and anthropogenic stresses, including extreme events. The book shows how to reduce emissions of greenhouse gasses to net zero level through water conservation, recycling, and generating blue and green energy from waste by emerging emission free technologies while simultaneously installing solar power on houses and wind power in communities. Water conservation and stormwater capture can provide good water quality for diverse applications from natural and reclaimed water to blue and green energy and other resources for use by present and future generations. This important book: Considers municipal solid waste as an ongoing source of energy and resources that will eliminate the need for landfills and can be processed along with used water Presents an integrated approach to urban sustainability Offers an approach for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by communities to net zero Written for students, urban planners, managers, and waste management professionals, Integrated Sustainable Urban Water, Energy, and Solids Management is a must-have guide for achieving sustainable integrated water, energy, and resource recovery in urban areas.

Advances in Hydrogen Production Storage and Distribution

Advances in Hydrogen Production  Storage and Distribution Book
Author : Adolfo Iulianelli,Angelo Basile
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-07-16
ISBN : 0857097733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution reviews recent developments in this key component of the emerging "hydrogen economy," an energy infrastructure based on hydrogen. Since hydrogen can be produced without using fossil fuels, a move to such an economy has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy security. However, such a move also requires the advanced production, storage and usage techniques discussed in this book. Part one introduces the fundamentals of hydrogen production, storage, and distribution, including an overview of the development of the necessary infrastructure, an analysis of the potential environmental benefits, and a review of some important hydrogen production technologies in conventional, bio-based, and nuclear power plants. Part two focuses on hydrogen production from renewable resources, and includes chapters outlining the production of hydrogen through water electrolysis, photocatalysis, and bioengineered algae. Finally, part three covers hydrogen production using inorganic membrane reactors, the storage of hydrogen, fuel cell technology, and the potential of hydrogen as a fuel for transportation. Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution provides a detailed overview of the components and challenges of a hydrogen economy. This book is an invaluable resource for research and development professionals in the energy industry, as well as academics with an interest in this important subject. Reviews developments and research in this dynamic area Discusses the challenges of creating an infrastructure to store and distribute hydrogen Reviews the production of hydrogen using electrolysis and photo-catalytic methods

Biorefinery Concepts Energy and Products

Biorefinery Concepts  Energy and Products Book
Author : Venko Beschkov
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-10-07
ISBN : 1789856752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The interest in biofuel production and application is governed by the depletion of fossil fuel resources and the threatening pollution of the atmosphere because of the extensive emissions of greenhouse gases, which the present global vegetation cannot cope with. A remedy against the greenhouse gas emissions is the use of biomass presently grown as a source for biofuels. Biofuels can be further utilized as substrates for bulk chemical products. This approach is known as the biorefinery concept as an analogue to the oil-based refineries.The present book offers some examples and new ideas for the broader applications of biofuels and the resulting raw materials for energy and chemical products as alternatives to the traditional fossil fuels.

Global Warming

Global Warming Book
Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Adnan Midilli,Arif Hepbasli,T. Hikmet Karakoc
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-03
ISBN : 1441910174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Warming: Engineering Solutions goes beyond the discussion of what global warming is, and offers complete concrete solutions that can be used to help prevent global warming. Innovative engineering solutions are needed to reduce the effects of global warming. Discussed here are proposed engineering solutions for reducing global warming resulting from carbon dioxide pollution, poor energy and environment policies and emission pollution. Solutions discussed include but are not limited to: energy conversion technologies and their advantages, energy management and conservation, energy saving and energy security, renewable and sustainable energy technologies, emission reduction, sustainable development; pollution control and measures, policy development, global energy stability and sustainability.

Fuel Cell Seminar 2008

Fuel Cell Seminar 2008 Book
Author : Mark C. Williams
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2009-05
ISBN : 1566777291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented at the 2008 Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition, held in Phoenix, Arizona, October 27 to October 31, 2008.

Biofuels for Fuel Cells

Biofuels for Fuel Cells Book
Author : Piet Lens
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 1843390922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book has a clear orientation towards making p

Fossil Energy Update

Fossil Energy Update Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fossil Energy Update book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells

Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells Book
Author : San Ping Jiang,Yushan Yan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-04-11
ISBN : 352764427X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world's ever-growing demand for power has created an urgent need for new efficient and sustainable sources of energy and electricity. Today's consumers of portable electronics also demand devices that not only deliver more power but are also environmentally friendly. Fuel cells are an important alternative energy source, with promise in military, commercial and industrial applications, for example power vehicles and portable devices. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that directly converts the chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy. Fuel cells represent the most efficient energy conversion technologies to-date and are an integral part in the new and renewable energy chain (e.g., solar, wind and hydropower). Fuel cells can be classified as either high-temperature or lowtemperature, depending on their operating temperature, and have different materials requirements. This book is dedicated to the study of high temperature fuel cells. In hightemperature fuel cells, the electrolyte materials are ceramic or molten carbonate, while the electrode materials are ceramic or metal (but not precious metal). High operation temperature fuel cells allow internal reforming, promote rapid kinetics with non-precious materials and offer high flexibilities in fuel choice, and are potential and viable candidate to moderate the fast increase in power requirements and to minimize the impact of the increased power consumption on the environment. 'Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells' is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. Max Q. Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.

Integrated Processing Technologies for Food and Agricultural By Products

Integrated Processing Technologies for Food and Agricultural By Products Book
Author : Zhongli Pan,Ruihong Zhang,Steven Zicari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-13
ISBN : 0128141395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Feeding our globally expanding population is one of the most critical challenges of our time and improving food and agricultural production efficiencies is a key factor in solving this problem. Currently, one-third of food produced for humans is wasted, and for every pound of food produced, roughly an equal amount of nonfood by-product is also generated, creating a significant environmental impact. In Integrated Processing Technologies for Food and Agricultural By-Products experts from around the world present latest developments, recognizing that while some by-products have found use as animal feed or are combusted for energy, new technologies which integrate conversion of production and processing by-products into higher-value food or nonfood products, nutraceuticals, chemicals, and energy resources will be a critical part of the transition to a more sustainable food system. Organized by agricultural crop, and focusing on those crops with maximum economic impact, each chapter describes technologies for value-added processing of by-products which can be integrated into current food production systems. Integrated Processing Technologies for Food and Agricultural By-Products is a valuable resource for industry professionals, academics, and policy-makers alike. Provides production-through-processing coverage of key agricultural crops for a thorough understanding and translational inspiration Describes and discusses major by-product sources, including physical and chemical biomass characterizations and associated variability in detail Highlights conversions accomplished through physical, biological, chemical, or thermal methods and demonstrates examples of those technologies