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Transporters And Plant Osmotic Stress

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Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress

Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress Book
Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Durgesh Kunar Tripathi,Rupesh Deshmukh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 9780128179581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress: Sensing, Signaling and Trafficking focuses on the potential negative impact of abiotic stresses on plant health and crop yield. The book focuses on the current state of knowledge of the biochemical and molecular regulation of several classes of membrane transporters during different stresses, along with their probable mechanisms of operation in plant stress tolerance. The exhaustive discussion presented in this book highlights steps appropriate for mitigating multiple forms of stresses utilizing transporter proteins. Edited by leading experts and authored by top researchers from around the world, the book will be valuable to researchers, academicians and scientists who want to enhance and boost their knowledge for further research in the field of transporters with respect to abiotic stress responses. Focuses exclusively on the transporter proteins involved in multiple environmental stresses in plants Explains how to exploit transporters in crop improvement programs through transgenic technology against different stresses like salt, dehydration and temperature impacts Serves as an important source of information in the field of abiotic stress

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress Book
Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Rupesh Deshmukh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-23
ISBN : 0128179562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress focuses on the different forms of environmental stress related to heavy metal, metalloid and nutrient deficiency that have the potential to inflict major damages to crop plants, leading to a massive decrease in crop yield and productivity. The book presents the current state of knowledge of the biochemical and molecular regulation of several classes of membrane transporters related to the uptake of metals/metalloids and nutrient elements during different stresses and their probable mechanisms of operation in plant stress tolerance. Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress provides a comprehensive discussion that will help in mitigating multiple forms of stresses utilizing transporter proteins. Edited by leading experts and written by a global team of knowledgeable contributors, this book will further stimulate research in the field of transporter proteins and will foster further interests for researchers, academicians and scientists worldwide. It is complimented by its companion book titled Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress. Focuses exclusively on metal and nutrient transporters involved in multiple environmental stresses in plants Explains exploiting transporters in crop improvement programs through transgenic technology against different stresses such as heavy metal, metalloid and nutrient deficiency Serves as an important source of information in the field of abiotic stress

Investigation of Early Signaling Mechanisms in Plant Osmotic Stress Response

Investigation of Early Signaling Mechanisms in Plant Osmotic Stress Response Book
Author : Kelly Stecker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How plants perceive and respond to water loss on a molecular level is a fundamental question in plant biology. Understanding the cellular signaling mechanism involved in sensing dehydration and initiating adaptive responses provides a tool for plant biologists to use in engineering crops with enhanced drought tolerance and water use efficiency as well as with developing new chemical approaches towards alleviating the negative effects of drought on crop yields. The increasing frequency and severity of drought, along with the depletion of fresh water resources, fortifies the need to understand the molecular networks that control drought response in plants. Currently the molecular mechanisms involved in the initial perception of dehydration are poorly understood. In this dissertation I present my work towards identifying previously unknown proteins involved in the initial dehydration response, using mass spectrometry based quantitative proteomic and reverse genetic approaches. Employing the model system Arabidopsis thaliana and hyperosmotic stress conditions to simulate water loss, I first identified proteins whose level of phosphorylation changes in response to short-term stress treatments, using quantitative untargeted mass spectrometry based phosphoproteomics technologies. From this work I identified proteins whose phosphorylation state changed within 5 minutes of stress treatment. To further characterize these proteins, I developed targeted proteomic assays to more routinely measure protein phosphorylated across many biotic and abiotic stress conditions. From this analysis I characterized a set of proteins that are uniquely regulated at the posttranslational level by rapid dehydration. These proteins are involved in cellular process such as mRNA degradation, microtubule restructuring, transcription factor activation, phospholipid signaling, and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and help elucidate the role that these processes play in the initial dehydration response. This work is presented in Chapter 2 of my dissertation. To validate the biological significance of proteins identified in my phosphoproteome analysis, I used reverse genetics to investigate Vac14, an uncharacterized protein in plants that displayed the largest change in phosphorylation under osmotic stress conditions. Vac14 is a highly conserved protein involved in the biosynthesis of the low abundant phospholipid phosphatidylinositol-3,5 bisphosphate, which regulates vacuole function and endomembrane vesicle transport in yeast and mammals. I demonstrate that Vac14 is an essential gene in plants and is responsible for regulating water homeostasis in cells. Vac14 overexpression mutants have increased drought tolerance and improved ability to germinate under water- limited conditions. This work is presented in Chapter 3 and supports the biological significance of proteins identified in my discovery phosphoproteomic work in Chapter 2. Finally, in Chapter 4 I describe my preliminary results in developing a new method for detecting proteins involved in cell signaling events through direct measurement of protein conformational changes. This method uses thermal denaturation profiling and untargeted quantitative mass spectrometry to identify proteins whose conformation has changed in response to in vitro or in vivo treatment conditions. Together, the data presented in this thesis demonstrate the utility of mass spectrometric based proteomic technologies for discovering previously unidentified proteins involved in cell signaling events and provides valuable insight into pathways activated during the initial few minutes of the osmotic stress response in plants.

Environmental Injury to Plants

Environmental Injury to Plants Book
Author : Frank Katterman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The reaction of plant tissue to stress is of critical importance to growers concerned with the production of horticultural or agronomical plants on a large scale. This book discusses several factors that contribute to plant stress, including freezing and chill injury, drought stress, heat shock, salt stress, and toxic metals. The detection of plant stress by remote sensing devices is also examined.

Plant Life under Changing Environment

Plant Life under Changing Environment Book
Author : Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Vijay Pratap Singh,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Shivesh Sharma,Sheo Mohan Prasad,Nawal Kishore Dubey,Naleeni Ramawat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-10
ISBN : 0128182059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management presents the latest insights, reflecting the significant progress that has been made in understanding plant responses to various changing environmental impacts, as well as strategies for alleviating their adverse effects, including abiotic stresses. Growing from a focus on plants and their ability to respond, adapt, and survive, Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management addresses options for mitigating those responses to ensure maximum health and growth. Researchers and advanced students in environmental sciences, plant ecophysiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, nano-pollution climate change, and soil pollution will find this an important foundational resource. Covers both responses and adaptation of plants to altered environmental states Illustrates the current impact of climate change on plant productivity, along with mitigation strategies Includes transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomic and ionomic approaches

Assimilate Transport in Plants

Assimilate Transport in Plants Book
Author : Andreĭ Lʹvovich Kursanov
Publisher : Elsevier Publishing Company
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Assimilate Transport in Plants book written by Andreĭ Lʹvovich Kursanov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Three dimensional Solute Transport Modeling in Coupled Soil and Plant Root Systems

Three dimensional Solute Transport Modeling in Coupled Soil and Plant Root Systems Book
Author : Natalie Schröder
Publisher : Forschungszentrum Jülich
Release : 2014-03-21
ISBN : 3893369236
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Three dimensional Solute Transport Modeling in Coupled Soil and Plant Root Systems book written by Natalie Schröder, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Salinity Tolerance in Plants Mechanisms and Regulation of Ion Transport

Salinity Tolerance in Plants  Mechanisms and Regulation of Ion Transport Book
Author : Vadim Volkov,Mary J. Beilby
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-01-12
ISBN : 2889453693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life presumably arose in the primeval oceans with similar or even greater salinity than the present ocean, so the ancient cells were designed to withstand salinity. However, the immediate ancestors of land plants most likely lived in fresh, or slightly brackish, water. The fresh/brackish water origins might explain why many land plants, including some cereals, can withstand moderate salinity, but only 1 – 2 % of all the higher plant species were able to re-discover their saline origins again and survive at increased salinities close to that of seawater. From a practical side, salinity is among the major threats to agriculture, having been one of the reasons for the demise of the ancient Mesopotamian Sumer civilisation and in the present time causing huge annual economic losses of over 10 billion USD. The effects of salinity on plants include osmotic stress, disruption of membrane ion transport, direct toxicity of high cytoplasmic concentrations of sodium and chloride on cellular processes and induced oxidative stress. Ion transport is the crucial starting point that determines salinity tolerance in plants. Transport via membranes is mediated mostly by the ion channels and transporters, which ensure selective passage of specific ions. The molecular and structural diversity of these ion channels and transporters is amazing. Obtaining the detailed descriptions of distinct ion channels and transporters present in halophytes, marine algae and salt-tolerant fungi and then progressing to the cellular and the whole organism mechanisms, is one of the logical ways to understand high salinity tolerance. Transfer of the genes from halophytes to agricultural crops is a means to increase salt tolerance of the crops. The theoretical scientific approaches involve protein chemistry, structure-function relations of membrane proteins, synthetic biology, systems biology and physiology of stress and ion homeostasis. At the time of compiling this e-book many aspects of ion transport under salinity stress are not yet well understood. The e-book has attracted researchers in ion transport and salinity tolerance. We have combined our efforts to achieve a wider, more detailed understanding of salt tolerance in plants mediated by ion transport, to understand present and future ways to modify and manipulate ion transport and salinity tolerance and also to find natural limits for the modifications.

Water Transport in Plants Under Climatic Stress

Water Transport in Plants Under Climatic Stress Book
Author : M. Borghetti,J. Grace,A. Raschi
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1993-05-13
ISBN : 9780521442190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The prospect of future climate change has stimulated research into the physiological responses of plants to stress. Water is a key factor controlling the distribution and abundance of plants. This book brings together contributions from a range of experts who have worked on the cavitation of water in the transport system.

Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology

Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology Book
Author : Russell L. Jones
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999-06
ISBN : 9780824306502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology book written by Russell L. Jones, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biotic and Abiotic Stress in Microorganisms and Plants

Biotic and Abiotic Stress in Microorganisms and Plants Book
Author : Per-Johan Meijer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biotic and Abiotic Stress in Microorganisms and Plants book written by Per-Johan Meijer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Measurement Techniques in Plant Science

Measurement Techniques in Plant Science Book
Author : Takashi Hashimoto
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction;water relations;photosynthesis;translocation;mineral nutrition;image processing.

Advances in Plant Biotechnology Biochemistry

Advances in Plant Biotechnology   Biochemistry Book
Author : M. L. Lodha
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Plant Biotechnology Biochemistry book written by M. L. Lodha, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Stress in Crop Plants

Environmental Stress in Crop Plants Book
Author : G. S. Dhaliwal,Ramesh Arora
Publisher : Commonwealth Publishers (India)
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Stress in Crop Plants book written by G. S. Dhaliwal,Ramesh Arora, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Australian Journal of Plant Physiology

Australian Journal of Plant Physiology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Australian Journal of Plant Physiology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Water Transport in Cells and Tissues

Water Transport in Cells and Tissues Book
Author : Charles Randall House
Publisher : Hodder Education
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Water Transport in Cells and Tissues book written by Charles Randall House, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology

Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Water in plants Bibliography

Water in plants Bibliography Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Water in plants Bibliography book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Molecular Stress Physiology of Plants

Molecular Stress Physiology of Plants Book
Author : Gyana Ranjan Rout,Anath Bandhu Das
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-02-12
ISBN : 8132208072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crop growth and production is dependent on various climatic factors. Both abiotic and biotic stresses have become an integral part of plant growth and development. There are several factors involved in plant stress mechanism. The information in the area of plant growth and molecular mechanism against abiotic and biotic stresses is scattered. The up-to-date information with cited references is provided in this book in an organized way. More emphasis has been given to elaborate the injury and tolerance mechanisms and growth behavior in plants against abiotic and biotic stresses. This book also deals with abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in plants, molecular mechanism of stress resistance of photosynthetic machinery, stress tolerance in plants: special reference to salt stress - a biochemical and physiological adaptation of some Indian halophytes, PSII fluorescence techniques for measurement of drought and high temperature stress signal in crop plants: protocols and applications, salicylic acid: role in plant physiology & stress tolerance, salinity induced genes and molecular basis of salt tolerance mechanism in mangroves, reproductive stage abiotic stress tolerance in cereals, calorimetry and Raman spectrometry to study response of plant to biotic and abiotic stresses, molecular physiology of osmotic stress in plants and mechanisms, functions and toxicity of heavy metals stress in plants, submergence stress tolerance in plants and adoptive mechanism, Brassinosteroid modulated stress responses under temperature stress, stress tolerant in plants: a proteomics approach, Marker-assisted breeding for stress resistance in crop plants, DNA methylation associated epigenetic changes in stress tolerance of plants and role of calcium-mediated CBL-CIPK network in plant mineral nutrition & abiotic stress. Each chapter has been laid out with introduction, up-to-date literature, possible stress mechanism, and applications. Under abiotic stress, plant produces a large quantity of free radicals, which have been elaborated. We hope that this book will be of greater use for the post-graduate students, researchers, physiologist and biotechnologist to sustain the plant growth and development.

Flux Control in Biological Systems

Flux Control in Biological Systems Book
Author : E.D. SCHULZE (ed)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flux control at the celular level. Flux control at the organismic level. Flux control soil-organism interface. Flux control at the population and ecosystem level. Flux control in the biological systems: a comparative view.