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Transporters And Plant Osmotic Stress

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Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress

Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress Book
Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Durgesh Kunar Tripathi,Rupesh Deshmukh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-01
ISBN : 0128179597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress: Sensing, Signaling and Trafficking focuses on the potential negative impact of abiotic stresses on plant health and crop yield. The book focuses on the current state of knowledge of the biochemical and molecular regulation of several classes of membrane transporters during different stresses, along with their probable mechanisms of operation in plant stress tolerance. The exhaustive discussion presented in this book highlights steps appropriate for mitigating multiple forms of stresses utilizing transporter proteins. Edited by leading experts and authored by top researchers from around the world, the book will be valuable to researchers, academicians and scientists who want to enhance and boost their knowledge for further research in the field of transporters with respect to abiotic stress responses. Focuses exclusively on the transporter proteins involved in multiple environmental stresses in plants Explains how to exploit transporters in crop improvement programs through transgenic technology against different stresses like salt, dehydration and temperature impacts Serves as an important source of information in the field of abiotic stress

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress Book
Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Rupesh Deshmukh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-01
ISBN : 0128179562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress focuses on the different forms of environmental stress related to heavy metal, metalloid and nutrient deficiency that have the potential to inflict major damages to crop plants, leading to a massive decrease in crop yield and productivity. The book presents the current state of knowledge of the biochemical and molecular regulation of several classes of membrane transporters related to the uptake of metals/metalloids and nutrient elements during different stresses and their probable mechanisms of operation in plant stress tolerance. Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress provides a comprehensive discussion that will help in mitigating multiple forms of stresses utilizing transporter proteins. Edited by leading experts and written by a global team of knowledgeable contributors, this book will further stimulate research in the field of transporter proteins and will foster further interests for researchers, academicians and scientists worldwide. It is complimented by its companion book titled Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress. Focuses exclusively on metal and nutrient transporters involved in multiple environmental stresses in plants Explains exploiting transporters in crop improvement programs through transgenic technology against different stresses such as heavy metal, metalloid and nutrient deficiency Serves as an important source of information in the field of abiotic stress

Plant Life under Changing Environment

Plant Life under Changing Environment Book
Author : Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Vijay Pratap Singh,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Shivesh Sharma,Sheo Mohan Prasad,Nawal Kishore Dubey,Naleeni Ramawat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-10
ISBN : 0128182059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management presents the latest insights, reflecting the significant progress that has been made in understanding plant responses to various changing environmental impacts, as well as strategies for alleviating their adverse effects, including abiotic stresses. Growing from a focus on plants and their ability to respond, adapt, and survive, Plant Life under Changing Environment: Responses and Management addresses options for mitigating those responses to ensure maximum health and growth. Researchers and advanced students in environmental sciences, plant ecophysiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, nano-pollution climate change, and soil pollution will find this an important foundational resource. Covers both responses and adaptation of plants to altered environmental states Illustrates the current impact of climate change on plant productivity, along with mitigation strategies Includes transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomic and ionomic approaches

Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress

Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress Book
Author : Heribert Hirt,Kazuo Shinozaki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-10-08
ISBN : 9783540200376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental stresses represent the most limiting factors for agricultural productivity. Apart from biotic stress caused by plant pathogens, there are a number of abiotic stresses such as extremes in temperature, drought, salinity, heavy metals and radiation which all have detrimental effects on plant growth and yield. However, certain plant species and ecotypes have developed various mechanisms to adapt to such stress conditions. Recent advances in the understanding of these abiotic stress responses provided the impetus for compiling up-to-date reviews discussing all relevant topics in abiotic stress signaling of plants in a single volume. Topical reviews were prepared by selected experts and contain an introduction, discussion of the state of the art and important future tasks of the particular fields.

Salinity Tolerance in Plants Mechanisms and Regulation of Ion Transport

Salinity Tolerance in Plants  Mechanisms and Regulation of Ion Transport Book
Author : Vadim Volkov,Mary J. Beilby
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-01-12
ISBN : 2889453693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life presumably arose in the primeval oceans with similar or even greater salinity than the present ocean, so the ancient cells were designed to withstand salinity. However, the immediate ancestors of land plants most likely lived in fresh, or slightly brackish, water. The fresh/brackish water origins might explain why many land plants, including some cereals, can withstand moderate salinity, but only 1 – 2 % of all the higher plant species were able to re-discover their saline origins again and survive at increased salinities close to that of seawater. From a practical side, salinity is among the major threats to agriculture, having been one of the reasons for the demise of the ancient Mesopotamian Sumer civilisation and in the present time causing huge annual economic losses of over 10 billion USD. The effects of salinity on plants include osmotic stress, disruption of membrane ion transport, direct toxicity of high cytoplasmic concentrations of sodium and chloride on cellular processes and induced oxidative stress. Ion transport is the crucial starting point that determines salinity tolerance in plants. Transport via membranes is mediated mostly by the ion channels and transporters, which ensure selective passage of specific ions. The molecular and structural diversity of these ion channels and transporters is amazing. Obtaining the detailed descriptions of distinct ion channels and transporters present in halophytes, marine algae and salt-tolerant fungi and then progressing to the cellular and the whole organism mechanisms, is one of the logical ways to understand high salinity tolerance. Transfer of the genes from halophytes to agricultural crops is a means to increase salt tolerance of the crops. The theoretical scientific approaches involve protein chemistry, structure-function relations of membrane proteins, synthetic biology, systems biology and physiology of stress and ion homeostasis. At the time of compiling this e-book many aspects of ion transport under salinity stress are not yet well understood. The e-book has attracted researchers in ion transport and salinity tolerance. We have combined our efforts to achieve a wider, more detailed understanding of salt tolerance in plants mediated by ion transport, to understand present and future ways to modify and manipulate ion transport and salinity tolerance and also to find natural limits for the modifications.

Transporters and Pumps in Plant Signaling

Transporters and Pumps in Plant Signaling Book
Author : Markus Geisler,Kees Venema
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-17
ISBN : 9783642143694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to their sessile lifestyle, plants need to efficiently adapt to changing environmental conditions during their life cycle. Nutrient acquisition from the soil has to be able to adapt to considerable fluctuations in concentrations to ensure adequate distribution between tissues, cells and organelles. The storage and retrieval of nutrients, metabolites or toxic substances in vacuoles plays an important part in cellular homeostasis in plants. The long-range transport and maintenance of turgor is critically dependent on the availability of water and rate of evaporation, while at the same time photosynthetic products have to be transported to all plant parts. As a result plants contain a large number of ATP-dependent pumps and secondary transporters that, in order to adapt to the changing environment, need to be regulated by a complex network of sensing and signaling mechanisms. Plants share many basic elements of signal transduction with animals, but also contain plant-specific signaling molecules and mechanisms. In this volume, the role of transporters and pumps in the regulation of movement, long-range transport and compartmentalization of water, solutes, nutrients and classical signaling molecules is highlighted, and the function, regulation and membrane-transporter interaction and their roles in plant signaling controlling plant physiology and development are discussed.

Legumes under Environmental Stress

Legumes under Environmental Stress Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-12-01
ISBN : 1118917111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leguminous crops have been found to contribute almost 27% of the world’s primary crop production. However, due to environmental fluctuations, legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to problems with growth and development, and ultimately, decreased yield. This timely review explains the transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, transgenomics, functional genomics and phenomics of a wide range of different leguminous crops under biotic and abiotic stresses, and their genetic and molecular responses. Amongst others the text describes the effect of nutrient deficiency, pesticides, salt, and temperature stress on legumes. Importantly, the book explores the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches that are used to overcome biotic and abiotic constraints in legumes. It looks at the exogenous application of phytoprotectants; the role of nutrients in the alleviation of abiotic stress; and the microbial strategy for the improvement of legume production under hostile environments. Key features: demonstrates how to mitigate the negative effect of stress on leguminous crops, and how to improve the yield under stress the most up-to-date research in the field written by an international team of active researchers and practitioners across academia, industry and non-profit organisations. This volume is a valuable and much-needed resource for scientists, professionals and researchers working in plant science, breeding, food security, crop improvement and agriculture worldwide. In universities it will educate postgraduate and graduate students in plant science and agriculture; it will also benefit those in scientific institutions and in biotech and agribusiness companies, who deal with agronomy and environment.

Plant Electrophysiology

Plant Electrophysiology Book
Author : Alexander G. Volkov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-05-03
ISBN : 3642291198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book compiles new findings from the work of internationally renowned experts in plant electrophysiology, biophysics, bioelectrochemistry, ion channels, membrane transport, imaging of water transport, photosynthesis, mechanosensors, osmotic motors, sensing and actuation in plants. First volume covers modern methods in plant electrophysiology and cell electrophysiology. Second volume deals with signal transduction and responses in plants.

Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants

Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : Ashwani K. Rai,Teruhiro Takabe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-06-15
ISBN : 1402043899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A state-of-the-art guide to recent developments in the understanding of plant response to abiotic stresses. Each chapter reflects how new techniques have helped physiologists, biochemists and molecular biologists to understand the basic problems of abiotic stress in plant species. The book supplies extensive bibliographies at the end of each chapter, as well as tables and figures that illustrate the research findings.

Abiotic Stress Signaling in Plants Functional Genomic Intervention

Abiotic Stress Signaling in Plants  Functional Genomic Intervention Book
Author : Girdhar K. Pandey,Manoj Prasad,Amita Pandey,Maik Boehmer
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-08-08
ISBN : 288919891X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abiotic stresses such as high temperature, low-temperature, drought and salinity limit crop productivity worldwide. Understanding plant responses to these stresses is essential for rational engineering of crop plants. In Arabidopsis, the signal transduction pathways for abiotic stresses, light, several phytohormones and pathogenesis have been elucidated. A significant portion of plant genomes (Arabidopsis and rice were mostly studied) encodes for proteins involves in signaling such as receptor, sensors, kinases, phosphatases, transcription factors and transporters/channels. Despite decades of physiological and molecular effort, knowledge pertaining to how plants sense and transduce low and high temperature, low-water availability (drought), water-submergence, microgravity and salinity signals is still a major question for plant biologist. One major constraint hampering our understanding of these signal transduction processes in plants has been the lack or slow pace of application of molecular genomic and genetics knowledge in the form of gene function. In the post-genomic era, one of the major challenges is investigation and understanding of multiple genes and gene families regulating a particular physiological and developmental aspect of plant life cycle. One of the important physiological processes is regulation of stress response, which leads to adaptation or adjustment in response to adverse stimuli. With the holistic understanding of the signaling pathways involving not only one gene family but multiple genes or gene families, plant biologist can lay a foundation for designing and generating future crops, which can withstand the higher degree of environmental stresses (especially abiotic stresses, which are the major cause of crop loss throughout the world) without losing crop yield and productivity. Therefore, in this e-Book, we intend to incorporate the contribution from leading plant biologists to elucidate several aspects of stress signaling by functional genomics approaches.

Advances in Botanical Research

Advances in Botanical Research Book
Author : J. A. Callow
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1998-10-19
ISBN : 0120059290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Botanical Research is a multi-volume publication that brings together reviews by recognized experts on subjects of importance to those involved in botanical research. For more than thirty years, Advances in Botanical Research has earned a reputation for excellence in the field. For those working on plant pathology, Advances in Plant Pathology has also carved a niche in the plant sciences during its decade of publication. Academic Press has merged Advances in Plant Pathology into Advances in Botanical Research. The plant science community will find that the merger of these two serials will provide one comprehensive resource for the field. To ensure complete coverage, John Andrews and Inez Tommerup, the editors of Advances in Plant Pathology, have joined the editorial board of the new series, which will include equal coverage of plant pathology and botany in both thematic and mixed volumes. The first few volumes of the new series will be slanted toward botany or plant pathology; however, future eclectic volumes will be fully integrated. The resulting synergy of these two serials greatly benefits the plant science community by providing a more comprehensive resource under one roof. The joint aim is to continue to include the very best articles, thereby maintaining the status of a high impact factor review series.

Membrane Transport in Plants Annual Plant Reviews Volume Fifteen

Membrane Transport in Plants Annual Plant Reviews  Volume Fifteen Book
Author : Michael R. Blatt
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-11-29
ISBN : 9780849323515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research in to membrane transport has advanced rapidly in recent years, following the availability of new biophysical techniques, the integration of structural and molecular approaches, and developments in molecular genomics. With an expanding population, agricultural production is pushed increasingly into marginal areas, promoting interest in the genetic engineering of crop species to cope with these conditions. Membrane Transport in Plants provides on overview of our current understanding of plant membrane transport in the light of recent developments. The volume is directed at researchers and professionals in plant cell biology, biochemistry and physiology.

Abiotic Stress Biology in Horticultural Plants

Abiotic Stress Biology in Horticultural Plants Book
Author : Yoshinori Kanayama,Alexey Kochetov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-16
ISBN : 4431552510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this publication is to elucidate the biological aspect of the abiotic stress response from the field to the molecular level in horticultural plants. This book is unique in that it concerns the basic aspect of abiotic stress biology and research progress at the molecular level in model plants or major field crops, as it focuses mainly on the abiotic stress response in existing horticultural plants. Many readers interested in plant abiotic stress biology are aware of the application of the latest findings to agricultural production, and this book will have a special appeal for those readers. The book will be of interest to scientists and graduate students who are involved in the research, development, production, processing, and marketing of horticultural products, including those in developing countries who are interested in high tech and advanced science in this field. The application of the latest findings to agricultural production is particularly useful. Stress tolerance mechanisms in horticultural crops are gaining importance, because most agricultural regions are predicted to experience considerably more extreme environmental fluctuations due to global climate change. Further, because of recent progress in next-generation sequencing technologies, the postgenomic era is impending not only in model plants and major cereal crops but also in horticultural crops, which comprise a great diversity of species. This book provides information on the physiological aspects of the abiotic stress response in horticultural plants, which is considered essential for postgenomic research.

Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants Vol 1

Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants  Vol 1 Book
Author : Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Shabir Hussain Wani,Soumen Bhattacharjee,David J Burritt,Lam-Son Phan Tran
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-25
ISBN : 3319288997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abiotic stress adversely affects crop production worldwide, decreasing average yields for most of the crops to 50%. Among various abiotic stresses affecting agricultural production, drought stress is considered to be the main source of yield reduction around the globe. Due to an increasing world population, drought stress will lead to a serious food shortage by 2050. The situation may become worse due to predicated global climate change that may multiply the frequency and duration and severity of such abiotic stresses. Hence, there is an urgent need to improve our understanding on complex mechanisms of drought stress tolerance and to develop modern varieties that are more resilient to drought stress. Identification of the potential novel genes responsible for drought tolerance in crop plants will contribute to understanding the molecular mechanism of crop responses to drought stress. The discovery of novel genes, the analysis of their expression patterns in response to drought stress, and the determination of their potential functions in drought stress adaptation will provide the basis of effective engineering strategies to enhance crop drought stress tolerance. Although the in-depth water stress tolerance mechanisms is still unclear, it can be to some extent explained on the basis of ion homeostasis mediated by stress adaptation effectors, toxic radical scavenging, osmolyte biosynthesis, water transport, and long distance signaling response coordination. Importantly, complete elucidation of the physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms for drought stress, perception, transduction, and tolerance is still a challenge to the plant biologists. The findings presented in volume 1 call attention to the physiological and biochemical modalities of drought stress that influence crop productivity, whereas volume 2 summarizes our current understanding on the molecular and genetic mechanisms of drought stress resistance in plants.

Genes for Plant Abiotic Stress

Genes for Plant Abiotic Stress Book
Author : Matthew A. Jenks,Andrew J. Wood
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-12-09
ISBN : 0813815029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abiotic stresses caused by drought, salinity, toxic metals, temperature extremes, and nutrient poor soils are among the major constraints to plant growth and crop production worldwide. While crop breeding strategies to improve yields have progressed, a better understanding of the genetic and biological mechanisms underpinning stress adaptation is needed. Genes For Plant Abiotic Stress presents the latest research on recently examined genes and alleles and guides discussion of the genetic and physiological determinants that will be important for crop improvement in the future.

Plant Stress Physiology

Plant Stress Physiology Book
Author : Sergey Shabala
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1845939956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fact that most of the suitable land has already been cultivated, meeting a projected target of a 50% increase in the global food production by 2050 to match the projected population growth becomes a challenging task. This book will provide a timely update on the recent progress in our knowledge on all aspects of plant's perception, signalling and adaptation to a variety of environmental stresses such as drought, salinity, temperature and pH extremes, waterlogging, oxidative stress, and pathogens.

Vascular Transport in Plants

Vascular Transport in Plants Book
Author : N. Michelle Holbrook,Maciej A. Zwieniecki
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-06
ISBN : 9780080454238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vascular Transport in Plants provides an up-to-date synthesis of new research on the biology of long distance transport processes in plants. It is a valuable resource and reference for researchers and graduate level students in physiology, molecular biology, physiology, ecology, ecological physiology, development, and all applied disciplines related to agriculture, horticulture, forestry and biotechnology. The book considers long-distance transport from the perspective of molecular level processes to whole plant function, allowing readers to integrate information relating to vascular transport across multiple scales. The book is unique in presenting xylem and phloem transport processes in plants together in a comparative style that emphasizes the important interactions between these two parallel transport systems. Includes 105 exceptional figures Discusses xylem and phloem transport in a single volume, highlighting their interactions Syntheses of structure, function and biology of vascular transport by leading authorities Poses unsolved questions and stimulates future research Provides a new conceptual framework for vascular function in plants