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Transportation Energy Use And Environmental Impacts

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Transportation Energy Use and Environmental Impacts

Transportation  Energy Use and Environmental Impacts Book
Author : Marcio de Almeida D'Agosto
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-06-28
ISBN : 0128134542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts shows researchers, students and professionals the important connection between transportation planning, energy use and emissions. The book examines the major transportation activities, components, systems and subsystems by mode. It closely explores the resulting environmental impacts from transport planning, construction and the decommissioning of transportation systems. It discusses transportation planning procedures from an energy use standpoint, offering guidelines to make transportation more energy consumption efficient. Other sections cover propulsion and energy use systems, focusing on road transportation, railway, waterway, pipeline, air, air pollutants, greenhouse gas emissions, and more. Shows the relationship between road, rail, maritime, air and pipeline transportation activities with fuel use and pollution, greenhouse gases and waste Provides a comprehensive approach, covering transportation system planning, design and infrastructure construction Synthesizes the needed information and data, explaining how to improve transportation system performance Includes learning aids, such as cases from around the globe, a glossary, extensive bibliography, chapter objectives, summaries and exercises

Transportation and the Environment

Transportation and the Environment Book
Author : Gabriela Ionescu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-03
ISBN : 1315341662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. This new book takes a nuanced look at building a sustainable transportation infrastructure and provides an overview of the harmful effect of various modes of transportation on the environment. The environmental impact of transportation is significant. Transportation is a major user of energy, it burns most of the world's petroleum, and is the fastest-growing contributor to carbon dioxide emissions. Although environmental regulations in many countries have reduced the individual vehicle's emissions, this has been offset by an increase in vehicles on the road and airways.

Transportation Energy Use and Environmental Impacts

Transportation  Energy Use and Environmental Impacts Book
Author : Marcio de Almeida D'Agosto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-17
ISBN : 0128134550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts shows researchers, students and professionals the important connection between transportation planning, energy use and emissions. The book examines the major transportation activities, components, systems and subsystems by mode. It closely explores the resulting environmental impacts from transport planning, construction and the decommissioning of transportation systems. It discusses transportation planning procedures from an energy use standpoint, offering guidelines to make transportation more energy consumption efficient. Other sections cover propulsion and energy use systems, focusing on road transportation, railway, waterway, pipeline, air, air pollutants, greenhouse gas emissions, and more. Shows the relationship between road, rail, maritime, air and pipeline transportation activities with fuel use and pollution, greenhouse gases and waste Provides a comprehensive approach, covering transportation system planning, design and infrastructure construction Synthesizes the needed information and data, explaining how to improve transportation system performance Includes learning aids, such as cases from around the globe, a glossary, extensive bibliography, chapter objectives, summaries and exercises

Sustainable Mass Transit

Sustainable Mass Transit Book
Author : Thomas Abdallah
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-10
ISBN : 0128113006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Mass Transit: Challenges and Opportunities in Urban Public Transportation examines the numerous types of mass transit systems, looking closely at all their key functions, including operations, maintenance, development, design, building and retrofitting. It examines the mitigation measures that reduce or eliminate negative environmental impacts, including green infrastructure, materials conservation, ecological conservation and other sustainable initiatives. The book explores organizational best practices, environmental regulatory constraints and life-cycle assessments, describing which sustainable elements can be added while rehabilitating or expanding a mass transportation infrastructure or ancillary facility. The book concludes with a look at forthcoming sustainable initiatives that will enhance mass transit systems. Contains case studies from the United States, Europe, South America, Africa and Asia Uses applied research written by transportation practitioners and scholars Explores how Environmental Management System frameworks improve environmental performance in the operations, maintenance, design, rehabilitation and expansion of a mass transportation system Shows how teams from different fields, entities, agencies and cities can work together to solve complex sustainability challenges

Transport Environment and Health

Transport  Environment and Health Book
Author : World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9289013567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together the scientific evidence on the main effects of transport on human health and the environment. It sets the conceptual framework for future analyses of the health burden and health gains from transport policies. It outlines how these health concerns have been reflected in policy tools such as impact assessment, regulation and economic analysis, and identifies the areas where action is most needed. Discussions of the environment and health effects of transport need to be communicated in a way that is relevant for policy-makers and easily understood by nonscientists. That is the aim of this book, which summarizes the results of extensive reviews of the issues prepared by groups of prominent international experts. It is also planned to release the reviews themselves, to give a more detailed account of the scientific evidence. [Foreword]

Port Economics Management and Policy

Port Economics  Management and Policy Book
Author : Theo Notteboom,Athanasios Pallis,Jean-Paul Rodrigue
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2022-01-31
ISBN : 1000526933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Port Economics, Management and Policy provides a comprehensive analysis of the contemporary port industry, showing how ports are organized to serve the global economy and support regional and local development. Structured in eight sections plus an introduction and epilog, this textbook examines a wide range of seaport topics, covering maritime shipping and international trade, port terminals, port governance, port competition, port policy and much more. Key features of the book include: Multidisciplinary perspective, drawing on economics, geography, management science and engineering Multisector analysis including containers, bulk, break-bulk and the cruise industry Focus on the latest industry trends, such as supply chain management, automation, digitalization and sustainability Benefitting from the authors’ extensive involvement in shaping the port sector across five continents, this text provides students and scholars with a valuable resource on ports and maritime transport systems. Practitioners and policymakers can also use this as an essential guide towards better port management and governance.

Hidden Costs of Energy

Hidden Costs of Energy Book
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Consumption
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2010-05-26
ISBN : 9780309155809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the many benefits of energy, most of which are reflected in energy market prices, the production, distribution, and use of energy causes negative effects. Many of these negative effects are not reflected in energy market prices. When market failures like this occur, there may be a case for government interventions in the form of regulations, taxes, fees, tradable permits, or other instruments that will motivate recognition of these external or hidden costs. The Hidden Costs of Energy defines and evaluates key external costs and benefits that are associated with the production, distribution, and use of energy, but are not reflected in market prices. The damage estimates presented are substantial and reflect damages from air pollution associated with electricity generation, motor vehicle transportation, and heat generation. The book also considers other effects not quantified in dollar amounts, such as damages from climate change, effects of some air pollutants such as mercury, and risks to national security. While not a comprehensive guide to policy, this analysis indicates that major initiatives to further reduce other emissions, improve energy efficiency, or shift to a cleaner electricity generating mix could substantially reduce the damages of external effects. A first step in minimizing the adverse consequences of new energy technologies is to better understand these external effects and damages. The Hidden Costs of Energy will therefore be a vital informational tool for government policy makers, scientists, and economists in even the earliest stages of research and development on energy technologies.

Advancing the Science of Climate Change

Advancing the Science of Climate Change Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-01-10
ISBN : 0309145880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for--and in many cases is already affecting--a broad range of human and natural systems. The compelling case for these conclusions is provided in Advancing the Science of Climate Change, part of a congressionally requested suite of studies known as America's Climate Choices. While noting that there is always more to learn and that the scientific process is never closed, the book shows that hypotheses about climate change are supported by multiple lines of evidence and have stood firm in the face of serious debate and careful evaluation of alternative explanations. As decision makers respond to these risks, the nation's scientific enterprise can contribute through research that improves understanding of the causes and consequences of climate change and also is useful to decision makers at the local, regional, national, and international levels. The book identifies decisions being made in 12 sectors, ranging from agriculture to transportation, to identify decisions being made in response to climate change. Advancing the Science of Climate Change calls for a single federal entity or program to coordinate a national, multidisciplinary research effort aimed at improving both understanding and responses to climate change. Seven cross-cutting research themes are identified to support this scientific enterprise. In addition, leaders of federal climate research should redouble efforts to deploy a comprehensive climate observing system, improve climate models and other analytical tools, invest in human capital, and improve linkages between research and decisions by forming partnerships with action-oriented programs.

Transportation and the Canadian Environment

Transportation and the Canadian Environment Book
Author : Nasrat Hijazi,Trevor N. Smith,Transportation Development Centre (Canada),Delcan Corporation
Publisher : The Centre
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discussion paper on the environmental impact of transportation and the planning and selection of research and development activities to reduce this impact. The study used a literature review, analysis, and interviews with Transport Canada personnel to develop its viewpoints. It addressed the environmental impact of transportation, the current situation, and a scenario for the year 2000 and beyond; transportation and other human activities; specific transportation of environmental impact, including energy use, emissions, noise, transportation emergencies, and residuals; solutions and strategies to solve or alleviate the problem; the probability of success using regulatory and economic instruments and alternative fuels; gaps in current research such as carbon dioxide emissions, VOC/NOX emissions and ground level ozone, noise, particulate emissions from diesel engines, high altitude emissions from aircraft, and residuals; research and development at Transport Canada and outside Canada; resources; and R & D requirements and priorities.

Energy and Environmental Consequences of Transportation

Energy and Environmental Consequences of Transportation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rapid motorization of world transportation systems puts growing emphasis on controlling transportation's direct and indirect impacts on the global environment, in other words, on achieving sustainability in transport. In 1950, the world contained 70 million motor vehicles, of which 70% were in the United States. Today the world's motor vehicle fleet exceeds 600 million, of which less than one-third are in the U.S. Outside of the U.S., motor vehicle stocks are growing twice as fast (Davis & McFarlin, 1996, tables 1.1 & 1.2). With this explosive growth of motorized transport comes a compelling need to control its concomitant pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and fossil fuel consumption. Large scale indicators of transportation's performance with respect to sustainability are therefore becoming increasingly important for monitoring trends and evaluating the effectiveness of policies at national and international scales. A recent survey by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (U.S. DOT/BTS, 1 996) of data on transportation's environmental consequences in the U.S., found that reasonable indicators exist for energy use and for certain of transportation's environmental impacts. Statistics on air pollutant emissions, greenhouse gas emissions, and energy use are adequate for developing rigorous indicators of at least emissions and energy use. Much less is known about noise generation, water and groundwater pollution, solid waste, land-use and habitat impacts.

Light Vehicles

Light Vehicles Book
Author : Marc R. Ledbetter
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Light Vehicles book written by Marc R. Ledbetter, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Environmental Costs of Transportation Energy Use

The Environmental Costs of Transportation Energy Use Book
Author : United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Environment
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Environmental Costs of Transportation Energy Use book written by United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Environment, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy Efficiency in Air Transportation

Energy Efficiency in Air Transportation Book
Author : Arturo Benito,Gustavo Alonso
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-06-23
ISBN : 0128125829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Efficiency in Air Transportation explores the relationship between air transportation and energy use, starting with an analysis of air transport energy sources and their potential development. The book examines how different elements of the air transport system make use of energy, with an analysis of various methods for optimizing energy consumption. The book covers the consequences of energy use in terms of economics, environmental impact and sustainable development, with a review of the existing and proposed regulatory measures addressing those factors. Aeronautical and air transport engineers interested in aerial vehicle systems design, as well as public administrators and regulators concerned with energy efficiency or environmental issues in air transport, will benefit greatly from this comprehensive reference, which captures necessary background information along with the newest developments in the field. Examines new developments in energy efficiency in the air transport field Includes exergy analyses of aerial vehicles and systems Shows the environmental impact from fuel use including local air quality, consumption of non-renewable materials and contribution to climate change Discusses the CO2 emissions certification required by ICAO for new aircraft models

Measuring Your Company s Environmental Impact

Measuring Your Company s Environmental Impact Book
Author : Camilla Astrand,Mats Zackrisson,Gunnar Bengtsson
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1849771979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ISO 14001 and EMAS (the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) requirements can be daunting for managers and expensive for companies.How to Measure your Company's Environmental Impact is the most cost-effective and easy-to-use environmental review solution for companies in all sectors of the economy. Designed and written by top environmental engineers, and used by top consultants and companies in Europe, this step-by-step manual contains extensive tools for managers to carry out a complete company-wide initial environmental review as a prerequisite for introducing an environmental management system in accordance with ISO 14001 or EMAS. Emphasis is placed on collecting and presenting quantitative data, starting with material and energy flows through the company. The manual provides indicators for energy, transportation and water use, against which to measure your company.The complimentary CD-ROM toolkit includes a template for the environmental review, an inventory tool designed to calculate emissions and the environmental impact of your company's transportation, energy consumption and other activities, and instructions and forms for an environmental failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) - a method for identifying and evaluating environmental impact to determine your company's most significant environmental aspects.

The Geography of Transport Systems

The Geography of Transport Systems Book
Author : Jean-Paul Rodrigue,Claude Comtois,Brian Slack
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 1136777326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mobility is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing, or supplying energy. Each movement has an origin, a potential set of intermediate locations, a destination, and a nature which is linked with geographical attributes. Transport systems composed of infrastructures, modes and terminals are so embedded in the socio-economic life of individuals, institutions and corporations that they are often invisible to the consumer. This is paradoxical as the perceived invisibility of transportation is derived from its efficiency. Understanding how mobility is linked with geography is main the purpose of this book. The third edition of The Geography of Transport Systems has been revised and updated to provide an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation. This text provides greater discussion of security, energy, green logistics, as well as new and updated case studies, a revised content structure, and new figures. Each chapter covers a specific conceptual dimension including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts. A final chapter contains core methodologies linked with transport geography such as accessibility, spatial interactions, graph theory and Geographic Information Systems for transportation (GIS-T). This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field, with a broad overview of its concepts, methods, and areas of application. The accompanying website for this text contains a useful additional material, including digital maps, PowerPoint slides, databases, and links to further reading and websites. The website can be accessed at: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans This text is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interest in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering.

Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States

Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States Book
Author : National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,America's Energy Future Panel on Energy Efficiency Technologies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2010-06-10
ISBN : 9780309156868
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

America's economy and lifestyles have been shaped by the low prices and availability of energy. In the last decade, however, the prices of oil, natural gas, and coal have increased dramatically, leaving consumers and the industrial and service sectors looking for ways to reduce energy use. To achieve greater energy efficiency, we need technology, more informed consumers and producers, and investments in more energy-efficient industrial processes, businesses, residences, and transportation. As part of the America's Energy Future project, Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States examines the potential for reducing energy demand through improving efficiency by using existing technologies, technologies developed but not yet utilized widely, and prospective technologies. The book evaluates technologies based on their estimated times to initial commercial deployment, and provides an analysis of costs, barriers, and research needs. This quantitative characterization of technologies will guide policy makers toward planning the future of energy use in America. This book will also have much to offer to industry leaders, investors, environmentalists, and others looking for a practical diagnosis of energy efficiency possibilities.

Decoupling the Environmental Impacts of Transport from Economic Growth

Decoupling the Environmental Impacts of Transport from Economic Growth Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher : Organization for Economic
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport activity continues to cause large adverse impacts on the environment, human health and the economy. But is a negative impact of transport on the environment a necessary consequence of economic growth? This book illustrates that decoupling the en

Managing Transport Energy

Managing Transport Energy Book
Author : James P. Warren,James Warren
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managing Transport Energy tackles head-on the challenges of managing transport and its energy use in the current world. Taking a truly interdisciplinary approach to the subject, it ingrates the technological aspects of energy supply and issues of energy conservation with the social and behavioural issues of energy use.

Transport Revolutions

Transport Revolutions Book
Author : Richard Gilbert,Anthony Pearl
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-05-16
ISBN : 1136550909
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport Revolutions: Moving People and Freight without Oil sets out the challenges to our growing dependence on transport fuelled by low-priced oil. These challenges include an early peak in world oil production and profound climate change resulting in part from oil use. It proposes responses to ensure effective, secure movement of people and goods in ways that make the best use of renewable sources of energy while minimizing environmental impacts. Transport Revolutions synthesizes engineering, economics, environment, organization, policy and technology, and draws extensively on current data to present important conclusions. The authors argue that land transport in the first half of the 21st century will feature at least two revolutions. One will involve the use of electric drives rather than internal combustion engines. Another will involve powering many of these drives directly from the electric grid - as trains and trolley buses are powered today - rather than from on-board fuel. They go on to discuss marine transport, whose future is less clear, and aviation, which could see the most dramatic breaks from current practice. With its expert analysis of the politics and business of transport, Transport Revolutions is essential reading for professionals and students in transport, energy, town planning and public policy.