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Transportation Energy Use and Environmental Impacts

Transportation  Energy Use and Environmental Impacts Book
Author : Marcio de Almeida D'Agosto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-17
ISBN : 0128134550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts shows researchers, students and professionals the important connection between transportation planning, energy use and emissions. The book examines the major transportation activities, components, systems and subsystems by mode. It closely explores the resulting environmental impacts from transport planning, construction and the decommissioning of transportation systems. It discusses transportation planning procedures from an energy use standpoint, offering guidelines to make transportation more energy consumption efficient. Other sections cover propulsion and energy use systems, focusing on road transportation, railway, waterway, pipeline, air, air pollutants, greenhouse gas emissions, and more. Shows the relationship between road, rail, maritime, air and pipeline transportation activities with fuel use and pollution, greenhouse gases and waste Provides a comprehensive approach, covering transportation system planning, design and infrastructure construction Synthesizes the needed information and data, explaining how to improve transportation system performance Includes learning aids, such as cases from around the globe, a glossary, extensive bibliography, chapter objectives, summaries and exercises

Transportation Energy Use and Environmental Impacts

Transportation  Energy Use and Environmental Impacts Book
Author : Marcio de Almeida D'Agosto
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-06-28
ISBN : 0128134542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts shows researchers, students and professionals the important connection between transportation planning, energy use and emissions. The book examines the major transportation activities, components, systems and subsystems by mode. It closely explores the resulting environmental impacts from transport planning, construction and the decommissioning of transportation systems. It discusses transportation planning procedures from an energy use standpoint, offering guidelines to make transportation more energy consumption efficient. Other sections cover propulsion and energy use systems, focusing on road transportation, railway, waterway, pipeline, air, air pollutants, greenhouse gas emissions, and more. Shows the relationship between road, rail, maritime, air and pipeline transportation activities with fuel use and pollution, greenhouse gases and waste Provides a comprehensive approach, covering transportation system planning, design and infrastructure construction Synthesizes the needed information and data, explaining how to improve transportation system performance Includes learning aids, such as cases from around the globe, a glossary, extensive bibliography, chapter objectives, summaries and exercises

Energy and Environmental Consequences of Transportation

Energy and Environmental Consequences of Transportation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rapid motorization of world transportation systems puts growing emphasis on controlling transportation's direct and indirect impacts on the global environment, in other words, on achieving sustainability in transport. In 1950, the world contained 70 million motor vehicles, of which 70% were in the United States. Today the world's motor vehicle fleet exceeds 600 million, of which less than one-third are in the U.S. Outside of the U.S., motor vehicle stocks are growing twice as fast (Davis & McFarlin, 1996, tables 1.1 & 1.2). With this explosive growth of motorized transport comes a compelling need to control its concomitant pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and fossil fuel consumption. Large scale indicators of transportation's performance with respect to sustainability are therefore becoming increasingly important for monitoring trends and evaluating the effectiveness of policies at national and international scales. A recent survey by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (U.S. DOT/BTS, 1 996) of data on transportation's environmental consequences in the U.S., found that reasonable indicators exist for energy use and for certain of transportation's environmental impacts. Statistics on air pollutant emissions, greenhouse gas emissions, and energy use are adequate for developing rigorous indicators of at least emissions and energy use. Much less is known about noise generation, water and groundwater pollution, solid waste, land-use and habitat impacts.

Light Vehicles

Light Vehicles Book
Author : Marc R. Ledbetter,Marc Ross
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Light Vehicles book written by Marc R. Ledbetter,Marc Ross, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Decoupling the Environmental Impacts of Transport from Economic Growth

Decoupling the Environmental Impacts of Transport from Economic Growth Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2006-10-20
ISBN : 9264027130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book illustrates that decoupling the environmental impacts of transport from economic growth is achievable, through the efficient use of charges, fees, taxes and other economic instruments.

System Innovation for Sustainability 4

System Innovation for Sustainability 4 Book
Author : Saadi Lahlou
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-08
ISBN : 1351279300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The EU-funded project "Sustainable Consumption Research Exchanges" (SCORE!) consists of around 200 experts in the field of sustainable innovation and sustainable consumption. The SCORE! philosophy is that innovation in SCP policy can be achieved only if experts that understand business development, (sustainable) solution design, consumer behaviour and system innovation policy work together in shaping it. Sustainable technology design can be effective only if business can profitably make the products and consumers are attracted to them. To understand how this might effectively happen, the expertise of systems thinkers must be added to the mix. The publication in 2008 of System Innovation for Sustainability 1 was the first result of a unique positive confrontation between experts from all four communities. It examined what SCP is and what it could be, provided a state-of-the-art review on the governance of change in SCP policy and looked at the strengths and weaknesses of current approaches. System Innovation for Sustainability 4 is the third of three books of case studies covering respectively the three key consumption areas of mobility, food and agriculture, and energy use and the built environment – responsible for 70% of the life-cycle environmental impacts of Western societies – with the aim of stimulating, fostering or forcing change to SCP theory in practice. Energy consumption is obviously a key issue for sustainability, primarily because it depletes non-renewable fossil fuels, produces CO2 and other pollution. As climate change is becoming a key political issue, and as oil prices rise, society has become acutely aware of this issue. Energy is a special case because it is a key input to almost all other consumption and production processes. Housing is, with transport and food, a major consumer of energy, accounting for about one quarter of the environmental impact from the general consumption of products in the European Union, on a par with food and transport. Energy use in houses and buildings is also set to rise as populations – and the buildings they need –continue to increase. In France, for example, energy consumption in houses and offices accounts for 43% of the total national energy consumption, and one-quarter of national greenhouse gas emissions. The UK's 21 million homes consume around 50 million tonnes of oil equivalent (responsible for 27% of UK CO2 emissions); this energy use has increased steadily by about 1.3% per year since 1990. Germany's buildings contribute one-fifth of the country's CO2 emissions. Beyond this, buildings are the environment where we spend most of our lives; they deeply influence many other consumption patterns, and are an important factor for life and comfort. The societal function and nature of buildings as they are currently constructed presents some key difficulties in moving towards sustainable consumption and production. Buildings have a long lifetime; and therefore they are a major target for any structural changes in consumption patterns. Conversely, long lifetimes come with associated strong inertia; therefore the stock of existing buildings is often an obstacle to policies aimed at behavioural change. This book examines, through a case study approach, opportunities to influence energy consumption in housing and buildings and thereby provide options for implementation at a macro, meso and micro level. A growing body of evidence shows that cases demonstrating action towards SCP in energy use in housing can inspire innovation through a range of actors. The cases include examples of steps towards the sustainable use of energy in houses and buildings, from "local experiments", to "innovative communities", to wider regime or non-local scale change in Europe and North America. The System Innovation for Sustainability series is the fruit of the first major international research network on SCP and will set the standard in this field for some years to come. It will be required reading for all involved in the policy debate on sustainable production and consumption from government, business, academia and NGOs for designers, scientists, businesses and system innovators.

Life Cycle Assessment LCA of Environmental and Energy Systems

Life Cycle Assessment  LCA  of Environmental and Energy Systems Book
Author : Fabrizio Passarini,Luca Ciacci
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-04-01
ISBN : 3036500804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The transition towards renewable energy sources and “green” technologies for energy generation and storage is expected to mitigate the climate emergency in the coming years. However, in many cases, this progress has been hampered by our dependency on critical materials or other resources that are often processed at high environmental burdens. Yet, many studies have shown that environmental and energy issues are strictly interconnected and require a comprehensive understanding of resource management strategies and their implications. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is among the most inclusive analytical techniques to analyze sustainability benefits and trade-offs within complex systems and, in this Special Issue, it is applied to assess the mutual influences of environmental and energy dimensions. The selection of original articles, reviews, and case studies addressed covers some of the main driving applications for energy requirements and greenhouse gas emissions, including power generation, bioenergy, biorefinery, building, and transportation. An insightful perspective on the current topics and technologies, and emerging research needs, is provided. Alone or in combination with integrative methodologies, LCA can be of pivotal importance and constitute the scientific foundation on which a full system understanding can be reached.

Measuring Your Company s Environmental Impact

Measuring Your Company s Environmental Impact Book
Author : Mats Zackrisson,Gunnar Bengtsson
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1849771979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ISO 14001 and EMAS (the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) requirements can be daunting for managers and expensive for companies.How to Measure your Company's Environmental Impact is the most cost-effective and easy-to-use environmental review solution for companies in all sectors of the economy. Designed and written by top environmental engineers, and used by top consultants and companies in Europe, this step-by-step manual contains extensive tools for managers to carry out a complete company-wide initial environmental review as a prerequisite for introducing an environmental management system in accordance with ISO 14001 or EMAS. Emphasis is placed on collecting and presenting quantitative data, starting with material and energy flows through the company. The manual provides indicators for energy, transportation and water use, against which to measure your company.The complimentary CD-ROM toolkit includes a template for the environmental review, an inventory tool designed to calculate emissions and the environmental impact of your company's transportation, energy consumption and other activities, and instructions and forms for an environmental failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) - a method for identifying and evaluating environmental impact to determine your company's most significant environmental aspects.

The Environmental Costs of Transportation Energy Use

The Environmental Costs of Transportation Energy Use Book
Author : United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Environment
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Environmental Costs of Transportation Energy Use book written by United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Environment, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Managing Transport Energy

Managing Transport Energy Book
Author : James P. Warren,James Warren
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managing Transport Energy tackles head-on the challenges of managing transport and its energy use in the current world. Taking a truly interdisciplinary approach to the subject, it ingrates the technological aspects of energy supply and issues of energy conservation with the social and behavioural issues of energy use.

System Innovation for Sustainability 4

System Innovation for Sustainability 4 Book
Author : Saadi Lahlou
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781351279321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The EU-funded project "Sustainable Consumption Research Exchanges" (SCORE!) consists of around 200 experts in the field of sustainable innovation and sustainable consumption. The SCORE! philosophy is that innovation in SCP policy can be achieved only if experts that understand business development, (sustainable) solution design, consumer behaviour and system innovation policy work together in shaping it. Sustainable technology design can be effective only if business can profitably make the products and consumers are attracted to them. To understand how this might effectively happen, the expertise of systems thinkers must be added to the mix. The publication in 2008 of System Innovation for Sustainability 1 was the first result of a unique positive confrontation between experts from all four communities. It examined what SCP is and what it could be, provided a state-of-the-art review on the governance of change in SCP policy and looked at the strengths and weaknesses of current approaches. System Innovation for Sustainability 4 is the third of three books of case studies covering respectively the three key consumption areas of mobility, food and agriculture, and energy use and the built environment - responsible for 70% of the life-cycle environmental impacts of Western societies - with the aim of stimulating, fostering or forcing change to SCP theory in practice. Energy consumption is obviously a key issue for sustainability, primarily because it depletes non-renewable fossil fuels, produces CO2 and other pollution. As climate change is becoming a key political issue, and as oil prices rise, society has become acutely aware of this issue. Energy is a special case because it is a key input to almost all other consumption and production processes. Housing is, with transport and food, a major consumer of energy, accounting for about one quarter of the environmental impact from the general consumption of products in the European Union, on a par with food and transport. Energy use in houses and buildings is also set to rise as populations - and the buildings they need -continue to increase. In France, for example, energy consumption in houses and offices accounts for 43% of the total national energy consumption, and one-quarter of national greenhouse gas emissions. The UK's 21 million homes consume around 50 million tonnes of oil equivalent (responsible for 27% of UK CO2 emissions); this energy use has increased steadily by about 1.3% per year since 1990. Germany's buildings contribute one-fifth of the country's CO2 emissions. Beyond this, buildings are the environment where we spend most of our lives; they deeply influence many other consumption patterns, and are an important factor for life and comfort. The societal function and nature of buildings as they are currently constructed presents some key difficulties in moving towards sustainable consumption and production. Buildings have a long lifetime; and therefore they are a major target for any structural changes in consumption patterns. Conversely, long lifetimes come with associated strong inertia; therefore the stock of existing buildings is often an obstacle to policies aimed at behavioural change. This book examines, through a case study approach, opportunities to influence energy consumption in housing and buildings and thereby provide options for implementation at a macro, meso and micro level. A growing body of evidence shows that cases demonstrating action towards SCP in energy use in housing can inspire innovation through a range of actors. The cases include examples of steps towards the sustainable use of energy in houses and buildings, from "local experiments", to "innovative communities", to wider regime or non-local scale change in Europe and North America. The System Innovation for Sustainability series is the fruit of the first major international research network on SCP and will set the standard in this field for some years to come. It will be required reading for all involved in the policy debate on sustainable production and consumption from government, business, academia and NGOs for designers, scientists, businesses and system innovators."--Provided by publisher.

Transport Revolutions

Transport Revolutions Book
Author : Richard Gilbert,Anthony Pearl
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-05-16
ISBN : 1136550917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport Revolutions: Moving People and Freight without Oil sets out the challenges to our growing dependence on transport fuelled by low-priced oil. These challenges include an early peak in world oil production and profound climate change resulting in part from oil use. It proposes responses to ensure effective, secure movement of people and goods in ways that make the best use of renewable sources of energy while minimizing environmental impacts. Transport Revolutions synthesizes engineering, economics, environment, organization, policy and technology, and draws extensively on current data to present important conclusions. The authors argue that land transport in the first half of the 21st century will feature at least two revolutions. One will involve the use of electric drives rather than internal combustion engines. Another will involve powering many of these drives directly from the electric grid - as trains and trolley buses are powered today - rather than from on-board fuel. They go on to discuss marine transport, whose future is less clear, and aviation, which could see the most dramatic breaks from current practice. With its expert analysis of the politics and business of transport, Transport Revolutions is essential reading for professionals and students in transport, energy, town planning and public policy.

Transport Revolutions

Transport Revolutions Book
Author : Richard Gilbert,Anthony Pearl
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-05-16
ISBN : 1136550909
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport Revolutions: Moving People and Freight without Oil sets out the challenges to our growing dependence on transport fuelled by low-priced oil. These challenges include an early peak in world oil production and profound climate change resulting in part from oil use. It proposes responses to ensure effective, secure movement of people and goods in ways that make the best use of renewable sources of energy while minimizing environmental impacts. Transport Revolutions synthesizes engineering, economics, environment, organization, policy and technology, and draws extensively on current data to present important conclusions. The authors argue that land transport in the first half of the 21st century will feature at least two revolutions. One will involve the use of electric drives rather than internal combustion engines. Another will involve powering many of these drives directly from the electric grid - as trains and trolley buses are powered today - rather than from on-board fuel. They go on to discuss marine transport, whose future is less clear, and aviation, which could see the most dramatic breaks from current practice. With its expert analysis of the politics and business of transport, Transport Revolutions is essential reading for professionals and students in transport, energy, town planning and public policy.

The UW EcoCAR2 Vehicle Development Process and Vehicle Level Torque Control Strategy Documentation

The UW EcoCAR2 Vehicle Development Process and Vehicle Level Torque Control Strategy Documentation Book
Author : Trevor Fayer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The transportation sector accounts for 28% of total US energy consumption, and 93% of this energy comes from petroleum resources (Energy Information Administration, 2014). If the effect of energy use for the transportation industry go unchecked, the associated emissions represent one of the biggest threats to our global environment. To reduce energy consumption used by transportation simply by traveling less or shipping less goods would hinder commerce and slow economic growth. It becomes important then to find an engineering solution to the environmental impacts of personal transportation in order to allow commerce and economic growth to continue uninhibited. The EcoCAR2 competition is a three year long collegiate level automotive engineering competition in which fifteen universities across North America to reduce the environmental impact of personal automobiles without sacrificing the consumer acceptability of the vehicle (Argonne National Labratories, 2014). It is the first competition of its kind designed to create automotive technology that can penetrate the mass market and have significant and lasting environmental impact reductions. The technical goals allow for modifications to the power train of the vehicle and control strategy innovations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, criteria emissions, petroleum energy consumption, and total energy consumption. The phrase "electrified vehicle" includes mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), strong HEV, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), and fully electric vehicles (EV). These types of vehicle powertrains are one technology that can potentially improve upon all of the technical goals of EcoCAR2. The stronger the electrification of a vehicle, the better the improvement upon the competition's four main technical goals. However, with stronger electrification typically comes higher cost and increased emissions, both mostly due to the high voltage battery pack that is typically a NiMh (small capacity) or lithium chemistry. There are very few additional technologies that universally improve upon all of these criteria without causing detrimental effects on consumer acceptability. Hybrid vehicles consist of two or more torque producing components, typically an electric motor and a petroleum internal combustion engine. The driver interface for hybrid vehicles, however, still only has a single accelerator pedal. There is a need for a supervisory control strategy that controls the torque output of each component. This supervisory control strategy is responsible for commanding the vehicle drivetrain as a system to match the driver's intended torque demand, while optimizing to minimize emissions and energy consumption. This thesis outlines the vehicle development process utilized by the University of Washington EcoCAR2 team over all three years of the EcoCAR2 competition. The UWEC2 team came up with a Parallel Through the Road (PTTR) PHEV that can operate as an EV for the first 50 miles after being charged off of the grid. This very heavy reliance on grid electricity for propulsion addresses all four of the primary technical goals of the competition. Once the battery pack is depleted, the vehicle will turn on a 1.7L turbo diesel engine operating on B20 to drive the vehicle as a HEV for the following 350 miles in a charge-sustaining fashion. Biodiesel will reduce the criteria emissions and petroleum energy consumption of the charge-sustaining mode. These modes of operation combined with several other advantages of the PTTR architecture provide a very good baseline for the UWEC2 team to compete at year three competition of EcoCAR2.

Assessment of Transportation Growth in Asia and Its Effects on Energy Use the Environment and Traffic Congestion

Assessment of Transportation Growth in Asia and Its Effects on Energy Use  the Environment and Traffic Congestion Book
Author : Tango Elangovan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Assessment of Transportation Growth in Asia and Its Effects on Energy Use the Environment and Traffic Congestion book written by Tango Elangovan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Intelligent Transportation Systems

Intelligent Transportation Systems Book
Author : Hesham Rakha,Kyoungho Ahn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-01-01
ISBN : 012811150X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intelligent Transportation Systems: An Energy and Environmental Perspective provides the foundation needed to understand the energy and environmental impacts of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and develop applications that reduce the transportation network’s carbon footprint. While transportation energy sources such as hybrid-electric technologies, bio-ethanol, and hydrogen fuel cells are emerging, these alternatives have yet to replace petroleum-powered engines. Consequently, there is a need to improve the efficiency of petroleum-based travel. Intelligent Transportation Systems: An Energy and Environmental Perspective shows how current and future ITS applications will improve vehicle fuel efficiency and reduce transportation system energy consumption and CO2 emission levels. Intelligent Transportation Systems: An Energy and Environmental Perspective begins by showing how the transportation sector contributes to the energy and environmental issues the world is currently facing. The book explores three main topics: 1) vehicle longitudinal motion modelling and traffic modelling, 2) modelling network-wide vehicle fuel consumption, energy consumption, and emission levels, and 3) developing ITS environmentally-friendly applications. It examines key vehicle and traffic technologies, along with the approaches needed to model vehicle fuel consumption and emission levels. The book provides an overview of traffic flow theory and routing algorithms, examining how ITS applications can enhance vehicle energy consumption levels and reduce vehicle emissions. The book concludes with reflections on the tools needed to achieve these objectives, and directions for future research. Consolidates the latest thinking from disparate places and never-before-published information into one resource Links quantitatively transportation activities and resulting vehicle emissions Numerous application-oriented case studies throughout Free access to author created open source software to model concepts explored in the book Additional learning aids include chapter objectives and discussion questions

Environmentally Significant Behaviour in the Czech Republic Energy Food and Transportation

Environmentally Significant Behaviour in the Czech Republic  Energy  Food and Transportation Book
Author : Milan Ščasný,Jan Urban,Iva Zvěřinová
Publisher : Karolinum Press
Release : 2013-05-01
ISBN : 8024620766
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book strives to present the results of research into the consumption of goods and services in Czech households. The first two chapters focus on the effect of consumption on the environment and theoretical approaches towards consumption and behaviour analysis. The remaining five chapters look into consumer behaviour and its significant effect on the environment, such as a demand for energy and transport, energy-saving measures in households, car ownership and organic food consumption. This book aims to point out the environmental effects related to these types of behaviour and provide new information on the frequency of these types of consumer behaviour in various segments of the Czech society. This publication also accentuates the policies and other intervention tools that may be used to influence consumer behaviour.