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Transportation And Public Health

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Advances in Transportation and Health

Advances in Transportation and Health Book
Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-08
ISBN : 0128191376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

Modeling the Impact of Transportation on Public Health Using Fuzzy Logic

Modeling the Impact of Transportation on Public Health Using Fuzzy Logic Book
Author : Binay Adhikari,ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (Electronic resource collection)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research has proved that built environment affect public health in various ways ranging from direct impacts like physical activity to indirect impacts such as housing affordability, employment accessibility, social capital etc. Built environment is shaped by plans and policies related to transportation. Such plans and policies make significant impacts on public health. There is increasing interest on the effects of transportation decisions in public health. Recently, transportation planners and public health practitioners have begun to find ways to work collaboratively in varieties of capacities. However, two significant aspects related to impacts of transportation on public health need to be addressed to incorporate health into transportation planning. First, impact of transportation on human health cannot be defined with certainty (Kjellstrom, Kerkhoff, Bammer, & McMichael, 2003). For example, the same level of exposure to pollution from vehicular emissions impact different age group differently. Second, physical, social, and mental well-being are subjective and inherently ambiguous which cannot be easily quantified (Massad, Ortega, Barros, & Struchiner, 2009). Goodchild (1999) mentions two distinct methods to handle the uncertainty; first is the use of statistical and probability theory, and second is the use of fuzzy sets or fuzzy logic. First approach requires a fairly sophisticated knowledge of statistical theory (Goodchild, 1999, p. 5). Furthermore, statistical method does not address the ambiguity in the subjective interpretation of health status since its foundation lies in Boolean logic (Massad, Ortega, Barros, & Struchiner, 2009). This study explores the application of fuzzy logic to address the limitation of Boolean logic in dealing with the ambiguity and uncertainty in assessing health impacts of transportation. First it develops a fuzzy logic GIS system on the platform of ArcGIS. It also demonstrates the application of such a decision support system in assessing the impact of transportation on public health. The findings of this study suggest that fuzzy logic addresses the limitation of Boolean logic by adding the capacity to model uncertainty, and ambiguity related to health impacts of transportation. However, fuzzy logic performs well if detailed data are used. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) prevents making individually identifiable health information public due to which most of the health data are aggregated to higher level which diminishes the performance of fuzzy logic. Additionally transportation planners use Traffic Analysis Zone as the unit of analysis which requires detailed data that might not comply with HIPAA requirements. Using health data at traffic analysis zone level can better enhance the performance of fuzzy logic and enhance current method used to assess the impact of transportation on public health. Keywords: - Public Health, Transportation Planning, Fuzzy Logic, Geographic Information Systems.

Transportation and Public Health

Transportation and Public Health Book
Author : M. D. Meyer,O. A. Elrahman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-17
ISBN : 0128172967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation and Public Health: An Integrated Approach to Policy, Planning, and Implementation helps current and future transportation professionals integrate public health considerations into their transportation planning, thus supporting sustainability and promoting societal health and well-being. The book defines key issues, describes potential solutions, and provides detailed examples of how solutions have been implemented worldwide. In addition, it demonstrates how to identify gaps in existing policy frameworks. Addressing a critical and emerging urgent need in transportation and public health research, the book creates a coherent, inclusive and interdisciplinary framework for understanding. By integrating principles from transportation planning and engineering, health management, economics, social and organizational psychology, the book deepens understanding of these multiple perspectives and tensions inherent in integrating public health and transportation planning and policy implementation. Bridges the gap between transport and public health, two fields that have traditionally traveled on separate and parallel tracks Synthesizes key research and practice literature Includes teaching and learning aids, such as case studies, chapter objectives, summaries and discussion questions

Transportation and Public Health

Transportation and Public Health Book
Author : Sam Elrahman,Michael Meyer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128167742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation and Public Health: An Integrated Approach to Policy, Planning, and Implementation helps current and future transportation professionals integrate public health considerations into their transportation planning, thus supporting sustainability and promoting societal health and well-being. The book defines key issues, describes potential solutions, and provides detailed examples of how solutions have been implemented worldwide. In addition, it demonstrates how to identify gaps in existing policy frameworks. Addressing a critical and emerging urgent need in transportation and public health research, the book creates a coherent, inclusive and interdisciplinary framework for understanding. By integrating principles from transportation planning and engineering, health management, economics, social and organizational psychology, the book deepens understanding of these multiple perspectives and tensions inherent in integrating public health and transportation planning and policy implementation. Bridges the gap between transport and public health, two fields that have traditionally traveled on separate and parallel tracks Synthesizes key research and practice literature Includes teaching and learning aids, such as case studies, chapter objectives, summaries and discussion questions

If Health Matters

If Health Matters Book
Author : Todd Litman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download If Health Matters book written by Todd Litman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Walking

Walking Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2017-06-29
ISBN : 1787146278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book features a multidisciplinary focus on walking as a mode in the context of transportation, urban planning and health. Breaking down the silos, this book presents a multidisciplinary focus bringing together research from transport, public health and planning to show linkages and the variation in experience around the world.

Traffic Related Air Pollution

Traffic Related Air Pollution Book
Author : Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-20
ISBN : 0128181230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Urban Sprawl and Public Health

Urban Sprawl and Public Health Book
Author : Howard Frumkin,Lawrence Frank,Lawrence D. Frank,Richard J. Jackson
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2004-07-09
ISBN : 9781559633055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Urban Sprawl and Public Health' offers a survey of the impact that the built environment can have on the health of the people who inhabit our cities. The authors go on to suggest ways in which the design of cities could be improved & have a positive impact on the well-being of their citizens.

Subsidized Transportation for HEW Employees Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Public Health and Welfare 91 2 on H R 14385 14383

Subsidized Transportation for HEW Employees  Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Public Health and Welfare     91 2  on H R  14385 14383 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Interstate and Foreign Commerce
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Subsidized Transportation for HEW Employees Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Public Health and Welfare 91 2 on H R 14385 14383 book written by United States. Congress. House. Interstate and Foreign Commerce, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Built Environment and Public Health

The Built Environment and Public Health Book
Author : Russell P. Lopez
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-03
ISBN : 047062003X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Built Environment and Public Health The Built Environment and Public Health explores the impact on our health of the environments we build for ourselves, and how public health and urban planning can work together to build settings that that promote healthy living. This comprehensive text covers origins and foundations of the built environment as a public health focus and its joint history with urban planning, transportation and land use, infrastructure and natural disasters, assessment tools, indoor air quality, water quality, food security, health disparities, mental health, social capital, and environmental justice. The Built Environment and Public Health explores such timely issues as: Basics of the built environment and evidence for its influences How urban planning and public health intersect How infrastructure improvements can address chronic diseases and conditions Meeting the challenges of natural disasters Policies to promote walking and mass transit Approaches to assess and improve air quality and our water supply Policies that improve food security and change how Americans get their food How the built environment can address needs of vulnerable populations Evidence-based design practices for hospitals and health care facilities Mental health, stressors, and health care environments Theories and programs to improve social capital of low-income communities How the built environment addresses issues of health equity and environmental justice This important textbook and resource includes chapter learning objectives, summaries, questions for discussion, and listings of key terms. Companion Web site: www.josseybass.com/go/lopez

Transportation for Public Health Nurses

Transportation for Public Health Nurses Book
Author : American Nurses Association. Public Health Nurses Section
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1956
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Transportation for Public Health Nurses book written by American Nurses Association. Public Health Nurses Section, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Transport and the Environment

Transport and the Environment Book
Author : Ronald E. Hester,Roy M. Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780854042951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mass transportation has become central to the lifestyle of developed societies - but with what consequences for the environment and, ultimately, human health? Transport and the Environment investigates the major aspects of this emotive subject, with contributions from authors with international reputations for their research in the field. Discussions encompass air transport and its contribution to global pollution, the possible consequences of using hydrogen as a fuel, performance indicators and policy instruments for sustainable transport, the contamination of the atmosphere and surface waters by road vehicles, the impact of surface transport on climate, and the effects of transport pollutants on public health. This authoritative review of the current state of knowledge will be of great value to scientists, policy-makers and students on environmental science and engineering courses.

Walkable Neighborhoods

Walkable Neighborhoods Book
Author : Koichiro Oka,Mohammad Javad Koohsari
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 3039219308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is now widely recognized that individual-based motivational interventions alone are not sufficient to address the global pandemic of physical inactivity (lack of exercise and too much sitting time). There has been a growing interest in the effect the physically built environment can have on people’s active behaviors. The fundamental assumption is that surrounding physical environments can support active behaviors among a large number of people with long-term effects. This topic has received much attention over the last decade, mainly in the three fields of urban design, public health, and transportation. This Special Issue aims to provide multidisciplinary and evidence-based state-of-the-art research on how the locations where people live impact their active behaviors and health outcomes.

A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health

A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9780309480987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

States and localities are beginning to recognize and act on the connection between health and transportation. A growing number of entities have produced a number of resources, guidance documents, and strategic plans on the topic. The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's pre-publication draft of NCHRP Research Report 932: A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health builds upon this body of work to provide a plan for funding research over the next decade that can lead to greater consideration of health issues in transportation contexts. The report includes an Implementation Plan that is outlined in the Health and Transportation Research Roadmap presentation. The 10-year strategic Roadmap will provide a broad overview of highly relevant research needs as well as implementable tools for state DOTs and partners at the intersection of transportation and public health in the United States.

Integrating Human Health into Urban and Transport Planning

Integrating Human Health into Urban and Transport Planning Book
Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-13
ISBN : 3319749838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together the world’s leading experts on urban and transport planning, environmental exposures, physical activity, health and health impact assessment to discuss challenges and solutions in cities. The book provides a conceptual framework and work program for actions and outlines future research needs. It presents the current evidence-base, the benefits of and numerous case studies on integrating health and the environment into urban development and transport planning. Within cities there is a considerable variation in the levels of environmental exposures such as ambient air pollution, noise, and temperature, green space availability and physical activity. Many of these exposures, and their adverse health impacts, are related to and are being exacerbated by urban and transport planning and policy. Emerging research suggests that urban and transport planning indicators such as road network, distance to major roads, traffic density, household density, industry, and natural and green space can explain a large proportion of the variability in environmental exposures and therefore represent important and highly modifiable factors. The urban environment is a complex interlinked system. Decision-makers need not only better data on the complexity of factors in environmental and developmental processes affecting human health, but also an enhanced understanding of the linkages between these factors and health effects to determine at which level to target their actions most effectively. In recent years, there also has been a shift from trying to change at the national level to more comprehensive and ambitious actions being developed and implemented at the regional and local levels. Cities have come to the forefront of providing solutions for environmental issues such as climate change, which has co-benefits for health, but yet need better knowledge for wider health-centric action. This book provides the latest and most up-to-date information and studies for academics and practitioners alike.

Transport the Environment and Public Health

Transport  the Environment and Public Health Book
Author : Stephen P. Greaves,Jan Garrard
Publisher : Edward Elgar Pub
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9780857938626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together a collection of seminal articles published in the past twelve years focused around non-motorised transport (NMT). The editors have selected papers, drawn from the transportation, health and planning literature, which cover various dimensions of NMT, including prevalence and correlates, health benefits and risks, forecasting and evaluation methods, and policy interventions to increase NMT. This inter-disciplinary volume, including an original introduction, will be of value and interest to academics/students and practitioners from a variety of contexts and backgrounds with an interest in NMT.

A Guide to Transportation s Role in Public Health Disasters

A Guide to Transportation s Role in Public Health Disasters Book
Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Guide to Transportation s Role in Public Health Disasters book written by National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forecasting the Impacts of Shale Gas Developments on Public Health and Transportation Systems on Both Sides of the Mexico U S Border

Forecasting the Impacts of Shale Gas Developments on Public Health and Transportation Systems on Both Sides of the Mexico U S  Border Book
Author : Zenon Medina-Cetina,Patricia Varela (Engineering geologist)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Forecasting the Impacts of Shale Gas Developments on Public Health and Transportation Systems on Both Sides of the Mexico U S Border book written by Zenon Medina-Cetina,Patricia Varela (Engineering geologist), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Analyzing Impacts of Transportation and Non transportation Activities on Human Health with an Advanced Platform for Collecting Travel and Physical Activity Data

Analyzing Impacts of Transportation and Non transportation Activities on Human Health with an Advanced Platform for Collecting Travel and Physical Activity Data Book
Author : Raed Abdullah Hasan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recently much attention is paid to the lack of physical activities that may cause the health problems in many counties. Travel activities provide a certain amount of physical activities, and the active transportation, such as walking and cycling, becomes more important as an essential element of transportation. The active transportation is expected to contribute to improving human health by reducing cardiovascular disease, obesity, and premature death. However, detailed relationship between the transportation choices and human health has not been well understood. Therefore, there is a need for investigating traveler behaviors and how their choices affect physical activities and public health. The first part of the dissertation explores the role of societal cultures and their impact on choosing active transportation modes. Through a multinational survey conducted in the selected cities of the United States, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq, the sociocultural factors that influence transportation mode choices especially active transportation are identified. The second part of the study involves using a mobile application platform named Physical Activity through Smart Travel Activity (PASTA) to monitor the travel and physical activities of transportation users. The PASTA platform includes mobile data communication, big data analysis, activity classification, transportation mode detection, and physical activity quantification on different interfaces, such as smartphones, cloud databases, and computers. The platform provides data to compare physical activities attributable to transportation across different geographical areas. The PASTA platform is tested in Texas and Michigan and proves to be useful in apportioning the total physical activity into travel-related physical activities and non-travel related physical activities. A transportation mode detection (TMD) system is also developed to process the data collected from PASTA based on machine learning techniques. The third part of the dissertation employs the integrated transportation and health impact model (ITHIM) and enhances the concept of ITHIM by adding the quantitative data obtained from PASTA. Mechanisms for collecting data on physical activities (PA) related to or not related to transportation in previous studies relied on questionnaires and interviews of specific samples in the community. Instead, the PASTA platform provides an automated mechanism for gathering the daily activities of people, especially with regard to physical activities and travel behaviors. The study also introduces the physical activity minute (PAM), an indicator of changes in activity levels, which is an alternative to the metabolic equivalence of the task (METs), which is often a constant value for any type of physical activity. By coupling the data from PASTA, this research substantially reduces the limitations in the previous ITHIM and upgrades the model to conform to the current technological advances. The last part of the dissertation discusses the relationship between the levels of physical activity of individuals, their socio-economic features and body shapes using descriptive analysis and path analysis. Three sets of data are used in this study, such as the questionnaire, body shape tests, and physical activity levels associated with transportation. Socio-economic and body shape factors such as race, age, gender, state of residence, percent of body fat, are found to have significant direct and indirect effects on physical activity. The findings of this study help in incorporating human health into transportation planning by addressing health outcomes impacted by physical activities associated with transportation choices considering peoples socioeconomic and body composition profiles. This dissertation makes an effort to analyze and quantify participants actual physical activities by using recent wearable devices with sensing and GPS tracking technology. The dissertation addresses health outcomes impacted by physical activities associated with transportation options. The study provides information that can be used to enhance community awareness of the health benefits that resulted from different transportation mode choices. Overall, the findings of this study can be used to incorporate human health in transportation planning.

How Land Use and Transportation Systems Impact Public Health

How Land Use and Transportation Systems Impact Public Health Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001*
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download How Land Use and Transportation Systems Impact Public Health book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.