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Transport Systems Optimization

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Computer based Modelling and Optimization in Transportation

Computer based Modelling and Optimization in Transportation Book
Author : Jorge Freire Sousa,Riccardo Rossi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-02-20
ISBN : 3319046306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together works resulting from research carried out by members of the EURO Working Group on Transportation (EWGT) and presented during meetings and workshops organized by the Group under the patronage of the Association of European Operational Research Societies in 2012 and 2013. The main targets of the EWGT include providing a forum to share research information and experience, encouraging joint research and the development of both theoretical methods and applications, and promoting cooperation among the many institutions and organizations which are leaders at national level in the field of transportation and logistics. The primary fields of interest concern operational research methods, mathematical models and computation algorithms, to solve and sustain solutions to problems mainly faced by public administrations, city authorities, public transport companies, service providers and logistic operators. Related areas of interest are: land use and transportation planning, traffic control and simulation models, traffic network equilibrium models, public transport planning and management, applications of combinatorial optimization, vehicle routing and scheduling, intelligent transport systems, logistics and freight transport, environment problems, transport safety, and impact evaluation methods. In this volume, attention focuses on the following topics of interest: · Decision-making and decision support · Energy and Environmental Impacts · Urban network design · Optimization and simulation · Traffic Modelling, Control and Network Traffic Management · Transportation Planning · Mobility, Accessibility and Travel Behavior · Vehicle Routing

Sustainable Logistics and Transportation

Sustainable Logistics and Transportation Book
Author : Didem Cinar,Konstantinos Gakis,Panos M. Pardalos
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 3319692151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focused on the logistics and transportation operations within a supply chain, this book brings together the latest models, algorithms, and optimization possibilities. Logistics and transportation problems are examined within a sustainability perspective to offer a comprehensive assessment of environmental, social, ethical, and economic performance measures. Featured models, techniques, and algorithms may be used to construct policies on alternative transportation modes and technologies, green logistics, and incentives by the incorporation of environmental, economic, and social measures. Researchers, professionals, and graduate students in urban regional planning, logistics, transport systems, optimization, supply chain management, business administration, information science, mathematics, and industrial and systems engineering will find the real life and interdisciplinary issues presented in this book informative and useful.

Mathematical Methods on Optimization in Transportation Systems

Mathematical Methods on Optimization in Transportation Systems Book
Author : M. Pursula,Jarko Niittymäki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-14
ISBN : 1475733577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains selected papers from the presentations given at the 7th EURO-Working Group Meeting on 'Iransportation, which took place at the Helsinki University of Technology (HUT), Finland, during August 2-4, 1999. Altogether 31 presentations were given and 14 full papers have been selected in this publication through a peer review process coordinated by the editors. The papers in this book cover a wide range of transportation problems from the simulation of railway traffic to optimum congestion tolling and mode choice modeling with stated preference data. In general, the variety of papers clearly demonstrates the wide areas of interest of people who are involved in the research of transportation systems and their operation. They as well demonstrate the importance and possibilities of modeling and theoretical approaches in the analysis of transportation systems and problem solving. Most of the papers are purely theoretical in nature, that is, they present a theoretical model with only a hypothetical example of applica tion. There are, however, some papers, which are closer to the practice or describe applications of and give interesting results of studies made by known methodologies. It is especially noteworthy, that half of the accepted papers deal with planning and operation of public transport.

Multimodal Transport Systems

Multimodal Transport Systems Book
Author : Slim Hammadi,Mekki Ksouri
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-12-11
ISBN : 1118577256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use and management of multimodal transport systems, including car-pooling and goods transportation, have become extremely complex, due to their large size (sometimes several thousand variables), the nature of their dynamic relationships as well as the many constraints to which they are subjected. The managers of these systems must ensure that the system works as efficiently as possible by managing the various causes of malfunction of the transport system (vehicle breakdowns, road obstructions, accidents, etc.). The detection and resolution of conflicts, which are particularly complex and must be dealt with in real time, are currently processed manually by operators. However, the experience and abilities of these operators are no longer sufficient when faced with the complexity of the problems to be solved. It is thus necessary to provide them with an interactive tool to help with the management of disturbances, enabling them to identify the different disturbances, to characterize and prioritize these disturbances, to process them by taking into account their specifics and to evaluate the impact of the decisions in real time. Each chapter of this book can be broken down into an approach for solving a transport problem in 3 stages, i.e. modeling the problem, creating optimization algorithms and validating the solutions. The management of a transport system calls for knowledge of a variety of theories (problem modeling tools, multi-objective problem classification, optimization algorithms, etc.). The different constraints increase its complexity drastically and thus require a model that represents as far as possible all the components of a problem in order to better identify it and propose corresponding solutions. These solutions are then evaluated according to the criteria of the transport providers as well as those of the city transport authorities. This book consists of a state of the art on innovative transport systems as well as the possibility of coordinating with the current public transport system and the authors clearly illustrate this coordination within the framework of an intelligent transport system. Contents 1. Dynamic Car-pooling, Slim Hammadi and Nawel Zangar. 2. Simulation of Urban Transport Systems, Christian Tahon, Thérèse Bonte and Alain Gibaud. 3. Real-time Fleet Management: Typology and Methods, Frédéric Semet and Gilles Goncalves. 4. Solving the Problem of Dynamic Routes by Particle Swarm, Mostefa Redouane Khouahjia, Laetitia Jourdan and El Ghazali Talbi. 5. Optimization of Traffic at a Railway Junction: Scheduling Approaches Based on Timed Petri Nets, Thomas Bourdeaud’huy and Benoît Trouillet. About the Authors Slim Hammadi is Full Professor at the Ecole Centrale de Lille in France, and Director of the LAGIS Team on Optimization of Logistic systems. He is an IEEE Senior Member and specializes in distributed optimization, multi-agent systems, supply chain management and metaheuristics. Mekki Ksouri is Professor and Head of the Systems Analysis, Conception and Control Laboratory at Tunis El Manar University, National Engineering School of Tunis (ENIT) in Tunisia. He is an IEEE Senior Member and specializes in control systems, nonlinear systems, adaptive control and optimization. The multimodal transport network customers need to be oriented during their travels. A multimodal information system (MIS) can provide customers with a travel support tool, allowing them to express their demands and providing them with the appropriate responses in order to improve their travel conditions. This book develops methodologies in order to realize a MIS tool capable of ensuring the availability of permanent multimodal information for customers before and while traveling, considering passengers mobility.

Optimization of Transport Networks

Optimization of Transport Networks Book
Author : P. A. Steenbrink,P.A.
Publisher : London ; New York : Wiley
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part II. A case study : the optimization of the Dutch road network.

Informed Urban Transport Systems

Informed Urban Transport Systems Book
Author : Joseph Chow
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-25
ISBN : 0128136146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Informed Urban Transport Systems examines how information gathered from new technologies can be used for optimal planning and operation in urban settings. Transportation researchers, and those from related disciplines, such as artificial intelligence, energy, applied mathematics, electrical engineering and environmental science will benefit from the book’s deep dive into the transportation domain, allowing for smarter technological solutions for modern transportation problems. The book helps create solutions with fewer financial, social, political and environmental costs for the populations they serve. Readers will learn from, and be able to interpret, the information and data collected from modern mobile and sensor technologies and understand how to use system optimization strategies using this information. The book concludes with an evaluation of the social and system impacts of modern transportation systems. Takes a fresh look at transportation systems analysis and design, with an emphasis on urban systems and information/data use Serves as a focal point for those in artificial intelligence and environmental science seeking to solve modern transportation problems Examines current analytical innovations that focus on capturing, predicting, visualizing and controlling mobility patterns Provides an overview of the transportation systems benefitting from modern technologies, such as public transport, freight services and shared mobility service models, such as bike sharing, peer-to-peer ride sharing and shared taxis

Integrated Optimization in Public Transport Planning

Integrated Optimization in Public Transport Planning Book
Author : Philine Schiewe
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-23
ISBN : 3030462706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is one of the first to include an extensive discussion of integrated public transport planning. In times of growing urban populations and increasing environmental awareness, the importance of optimizing public transport systems is ever-developing. Three different aspects are presented: line planning, timetabling, and vehicle scheduling. Classically, challenges concerning these three aspects of planning are solved sequentially. Due to their high interdependence, the author presents a clear and detailed analysis of innovative, integrated models with accompanied numerical experiments performed to assess, and often support, the benefits of integration. The book will appeal to a wide readership ranging from graduate students to researchers.

Optimization of Parameters of Transport Systems Using Simulation Methods

Optimization of Parameters of Transport Systems Using Simulation Methods Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9788074545627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Optimization of Parameters of Transport Systems Using Simulation Methods book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems

Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems Book
Author : Alfredo Nunez,Doris Saez,Cristián E. Cortés
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-04
ISBN : 1447143507
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems develops methods for the design of predictive control strategies for nonlinear-dynamic hybrid discrete-/continuous-variable systems. The methodology is designed for real-time applications, particularly the study of dynamic transport systems. Operational and service policies are considered, as well as cost reduction. The control structure is based on a sound definition of the key variables and their evolution. A flexible objective function able to capture the predictive behaviour of the system variables is described. Coupled with efficient algorithms, mainly drawn from area of computational intelligence, this is shown to optimize performance indices for real-time applications. The framework of the proposed predictive control methodology is generic and, being able to solve nonlinear mixed integer optimization problems dynamically, is readily extendable to other industrial processes. The main topics of this book are: · hybrid predictive control (HPC) design based on evolutionary multiobjective optimization (EMO); · HPC based on EMO for dial-a-ride systems; and · HPC based on EMO for operational decisions in public transport systems. Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems is a comprehensive analysis of HPC and its application to dynamic transport systems. Introductory material on evolutionary algorithms is presented in summary in an appendix. The text will be of interest to control and transport engineers working on the operational optimization of transport systems and to academic researchers working with hybrid systems. The potential applications of the generic methods presented here to other process fields will make the book of interest to a wider group of researchers, scientists and graduate students working in other control-related disciplines.

Transport Systems Telematics

Transport Systems Telematics Book
Author : Jerzy Mikulski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-06
ISBN : 3642164714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The idea of telematics appeared more than a decade ago and it is possible to define it, in a general and simple way, as a communication system for collecting, processing and distributing information. The transport services market is definitely the most important area for telematic applications. Transport-telematics issues constitute a field of knowledge of transport that integrates information technology and telecommunications in applications for managing and controlling traffic in transport systems, stimulating technical and organizational activities that ensure improved effectiveness and safe operation of such systems. Integrated and cooperating telematic applications constitute intelligent transport systems. The basis of such systems is to efficiently collect and process information and to manage its flow within the system. This enables supplying information from almost all areas of transport activities in real time. Intelligent transport––supported by a number of integrated telecommunications, IT measurement and control engineering solutions, and by appropriate tools and software––comprises telematic applications. They have an extensive range of use in many areas of transport, allowing the integration of the means and types of transport, including its infrastructure, business organization and management processes. This monograph is a collection of selected papers presented at the jubilee transport telematics conference, TST 2010, and is the result of the work of many scientists associated with this area of knowledge and who had spent years with the conference.

Robust and Online Large Scale Optimization

Robust and Online Large Scale Optimization Book
Author : Ravindra K. Ahuja,Rolf H. Möhring,Christos D. Zaroliagis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-10-26
ISBN : 3642054641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scheduled transportation networks give rise to very complex and large-scale networkoptimization problems requiring innovative solution techniques and ideas from mathematical optimization and theoretical computer science. Examples of scheduled transportation include bus, ferry, airline, and railway networks, with the latter being a prime application domain that provides a fair amount of the most complex and largest instances of such optimization problems. Scheduled transport optimization deals with planning and scheduling problems over several time horizons, and substantial progress has been made for strategic planning and scheduling problems in all transportation domains. This state-of-the-art survey presents the outcome of an open call for contributions asking for either research papers or state-of-the-art survey articles. We received 24 submissions that underwent two rounds of the standard peer-review process, out of which 18 were finally accepted for publication. The volume is organized in four parts: Robustness and Recoverability, Robust Timetabling and Route Planning, Robust Planning Under Scarce Resources, and Online Planning: Delay and Disruption Management.

Motorized and Non motorized Transport Systems

Motorized and Non motorized Transport Systems Book
Author : Zixiao Wu,Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Motorized and Non motorized Transport Systems book written by Zixiao Wu,Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Theory and Method of Design and Optimization for Railway Intelligent Transportation Systems RITS

The Theory and Method of Design and Optimization for Railway Intelligent Transportation Systems  RITS  Book
Author : Wang Zhou,Jia Li-min
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1608051382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explains the theory and methods of system optimization design for railway intelligent transportation systems (RITS), which optimizes RITS total performance by decreasing the difficulty and cost of system development and increasing the system efficiency. Readers will understand key concepts of RITS and the latest research relevant to China and other countries where RITSs have been developed. The book is suitable for university scholars in the field of railway transportation.

Operations Research in Transportation Systems

Operations Research in Transportation Systems Book
Author : A.S. Belenky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1475760752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The scientific monograph of a survey kind presented to the reader's attention deals with fundamental ideas and basic schemes of optimization methods that can be effectively used for solving strategic planning and operations manage ment problems related, in particular, to transportation. This monograph is an English translation of a considerable part of the author's book with a similar title that was published in Russian in 1992. The material of the monograph embraces methods of linear and nonlinear programming; nonsmooth and nonconvex optimization; integer programming, solving problems on graphs, and solving problems with mixed variables; rout ing, scheduling, solving network flow problems, and solving the transportation problem; stochastic programming, multicriteria optimization, game theory, and optimization on fuzzy sets and under fuzzy goals; optimal control of systems described by ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, gen eralized differential equations (differential inclusions), and functional equations with a variable that can assume only discrete values; and some other methods that are based on or adjoin to the listed ones.

Intelligent Transport Systems and Travel Behaviour

Intelligent Transport Systems and Travel Behaviour Book
Author : Grzegorz Sierpiński
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-05
ISBN : 331943991X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Does application of countdown timers at traffic lights affect pedestrian safety? How can one model walking routes in transport systems using open source tools? What features should be particularly taken into account while implementing highly advanced ICT components in contemporary towns? What scenario for the development of Intelligent Transport Systems should be chosen for a specific area? How to estimate the impact of the substances emitted by vehicles on climate changes? Answers to these and many other questions can be found in this publication. It also comprises numerous analyses based on legitimate data sources, presenting the close relation between travel behaviours and the organisational as well as technical changes introduced in what is contemporarily referred as smart cities. At present and in the nearest future, technologically advanced transport systems require and will require considerable development of electromobility and the emphasis being placed on multimodality, therefore all these problems have been properly addressed in this publication. With regard to the research results discussed and the selected solutions which find practical application, the publication is dedicated to three groups of recipients: ·Scientists and researchers (ITS field) ·Local authorities (responsible for the transport system on the urban and the regional level) ·Representatives of business (traffic strategy management) and industry (manufacturers of ITS components). The publication entitled Intelligent Transport Systems and Travel Behaviour contains selected papers submitted to and presented at the 13th ”Transport Systems. Theory and Practice” Scientific and Technical Conference organised by the Department of Transport Systems and Traffic Engineering at the Faculty of Transport of the Silesian University of Technology. The conference was held on 19-21 September 2016 in Katowice (Poland). More details at www.TSTP.polsl.pl

Transitions Towards Sustainable Mobility

Transitions Towards Sustainable Mobility Book
Author : Jo A.E.E. van Nunen,Paul Huijbregts,Piet Rietveld
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-19
ISBN : 9783642211928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Delivering a sustainable transport system is not just a matter of adopting a number of technological innovations to improve performance in terms of people, planet, and profits. A broader structural and societal transition is needed in technology, as well as in institutions, behavioural patterns, and the economy as a whole. In this broader view, neither the free market nor the public sector will be the unique key player in making this transition happen. Elements of such an approach are presented in this book in a number of domains: integrating transport infrastructure and land use planning, thus connecting fields that are rather unconnected in day-to-day policies; experiments with dynamic transport optimization, including reports on pilot projects to test the viability of transitions; towards reliable transport systems, describing a reversal from supply-driven towards demand-driven approaches; and sustainable logistics and traffic management, from ‘local’ city distribution to global closed supply chain loops.

Network Design And Optimization For Smart Cities

Network Design And Optimization For Smart Cities Book
Author : Pardalos Panos M,Gakis Konstantinos
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-05-03
ISBN : 9813200022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive reference text is a collection of important research findings on the latest developments in network modeling for optimization of smart cities. Such models can be used from outlining the fundamental concepts of urban development to the description and optimization of physical networks, such as power, water or telecommunications. Networks help us understand city economics and various aspects of human interactions within cities with particular applications in quality of life and the flow of people and goods. Finally, the natural environment and even the climate of cities can be modeled and managed as networks.

Control in Transportation Systems 1986

Control in Transportation Systems 1986 Book
Author : M.M. Etschmaier,H. Strobel,R. Genser,T. Hasegawa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-23
ISBN : 1483298116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume investigates developments in, and management of, transportation systems, future trends and what effects these will have on society. The book studies transportation systems planning; traffic problems and the issue of conservation; the use of logistics, and the role of computers and robotics in traffic control.

Demand for Emerging Transportation Systems

Demand for Emerging Transportation Systems Book
Author : Constantinos Antoniou,Dimitrios Efthymiou
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-11
ISBN : 0128150181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Demand for Emerging Transportation Systems: Modeling Adoption, Satisfaction, and Mobility Patterns comprehensively examines the concepts and factors affecting user quality-of-service satisfaction. The book provides an introduction to the latest trends in transportation, followed by a critical review of factors affecting traditional and emerging transportation system adoption rates and user retention. This collection includes a rigorous introduction to the tools necessary for analyzing these factors, as well as Big Data collection methodologies, such as smartphone and social media analysis. Researchers will be guided through the nuances of transport and mobility services adoption, closing with an outlook of, and recommendations for, future research on the topic. This resource will appeal to practitioners and graduate students. Examines the dynamics affecting adoption rates for public transportation, vehicle-sharing, ridesharing systems and autonomous vehicles Covers the rationale behind travelers' continuous use of mobility services and their satisfaction and development Includes case studies, featuring mobility stats and contributions from around the world