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Transport In Biological Media

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Transport in Biological Media

Transport in Biological Media Book
Author : Sid Becker,Andrey Kuznetsov
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-05-21
ISBN : 0123978491
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport in Biological Media is a solid resource of mathematical models for researchers across a broad range of scientific and engineering problems such as the effects of drug delivery, chemotherapy, or insulin intake to interpret transport experiments in areas of cutting edge biological research. A wide range of emerging theoretical and experimental mathematical methodologies are offered by biological topic to appeal to individual researchers to assist them in solving problems in their specific area of research. Researchers in biology, biophysics, biomathematics, chemistry, engineers and clinical fields specific to transport modeling will find this resource indispensible. Provides detailed mathematical model development to interpret experiments and provides current modeling practices Provides a wide range of biological and clinical applications Includes physiological descriptions of models

Modeling of Mass Transport Processes in Biological Media

Modeling of Mass Transport Processes in Biological Media Book
Author : Sid M. Becker,Andrey V. Kuznetsov,Filippo de Monte,Giuseppe Pontrelli,Dan Zhao
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-08-16
ISBN : 0323857418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling of Mass Transport Processes in Biological Media focuses on applications of mass transfer relevant to biomedical processes and technology—fields that require quantitative mechanistic descriptions of the delivery of molecules and drugs. This book features recent advances and developments in biomedical therapies with a focus on the associated theoretical and mathematical techniques necessary to predict mass transfer in biological systems. The book is authored by over 50 established researchers who are internationally recognized as leaders in their fields. Each chapter contains a comprehensive introductory section for those new to the field, followed by recent modeling developments motivated by empirical experimental observation. Offering a unique opportunity for the reader to access recent developments from technical, theoretical, and engineering perspectives, this book is ideal for graduate and postdoctoral researchers in academia as well as experienced researchers in biomedical industries. Offers updated information related to advanced techniques and fundamental knowledge, particularly advances in computer-based diagnostics and treatment and numerical simulations Provides a bridge between well-established theories and the latest developments in the field Coverage includes dialysis, inert solute transport (insulin), electrokinetic transport, cellular molecular uptake, transdermal drug delivery and respiratory therapies

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes Book
Author : Sid Becker
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-27
ISBN : 0128046198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes provides a compendium of recent advances in theoretical and computational modeling of biotransport phenomena at the microscale. The simulation strategies presented range from molecular to continuum models and consider both numerical and exact solution method approaches to coupled systems of equations. The biological processes covered in this book include digestion, molecular transport, microbial swimming, cilia mediated flow, microscale heat transfer, micro-vascular flow, vesicle dynamics, transport through bio-films and bio-membranes, and microscale growth dynamics. The book is written for an advanced academic research audience in the fields of engineering (encompassing biomedical, chemical, biological, mechanical, and electrical), biology and mathematics. Although written for, and by, expert researchers, each chapter provides a strong introductory section to ensure accessibility to readers at all levels. Features recent developments in theoretical and computational modeling for clinical researchers and engineers Furthers researcher understanding of fluid flow in biological media and focuses on biofluidics at the microscale Includes chapters expertly authored by internationally recognized authorities in the fundamental and applied fields that are associated with microscale transport in living media

Modelling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes

Modelling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes Book
Author : Sid Becker
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-01-12
ISBN : 9780128045954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes provides a compendium of recent advances in theoretical and computational modeling of biotransport phenomena at the microscale. The simulation strategies presented range from molecular to continuum models and consider both numerical and exact solution method approaches to coupled systems of equations. The biological processes covered in this book include digestion, molecular transport, microbial swimming, cilia mediated flow, microscale heat transfer, micro-vascular flow, vesicle dynamics, transport through bio-films and bio-membranes, and microscale growth dynamics. The book is written for an advanced academic research audience in the fields of engineering (encompassing biomedical, chemical, biological, mechanical, and electrical), biology and mathematics. Although written for, and by, expert researchers, each chapter provides a strong introductory section to ensure accessibility to readers at all levels. Features recent developments in theoretical and computational modeling for clinical researchers and engineers Furthers researcher understanding of fluid flow in biological media and focuses on biofluidics at the microscale Includes chapters expertly authored by internationally recognized authorities in the fundamental and applied fields that are associated with microscale transport in living media

Principles and Models of Biological Transport

Principles and Models of Biological Transport Book
Author : Morton H. Friedman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3662024675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text is designed for a first course in biological mass transport, and the material in it is presented at a level that is appropriate to advanced undergraduates or early graduate level students. Its orientation is somewhat more physical and mathematical than a biology or standard physiology text, reflecting its origins in a transport course that I teach to undergraduate (and occasional graduate) biomedical engineering students in the Whiting School of Engineering at Johns Hopkins. The audience for my cours- and presumably for this text - also includes chemical engineering undergraduates concentrating in biotechnology, and graduate students in biophysics. The organization of this book differs from most texts that at tempt to present an engineering approach to biological transport. What distinguishes biological transport from other mass transfer processes is the fact that biological transport is biological. Thus, we do not start with the engineering principles of mass transport (which are well presented elsewhere) and then seek biological ap plications of these principles; rather, we begin with the biological processes themselves, and then develop the tools that are needed to describe them. As a result, more physiology is presented in this text than is often found in books dealing with engineering applica tions in the life sciences.

Biofluid Mechanics

Biofluid Mechanics Book
Author : Ali Ostadfar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-03
ISBN : 0128026006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofluid Mechanics is a throrough reference to the entire field. Written with engineers and clinicians in mind, this book covers physiology and the engineering aspects of biofluids. Effectively bridging the gap between engineers’ and clinicians’ knowledge bases, the text provides information on physiology for engineers and information on the engineering side of biofluid mechanics for clinicians. Clinical applications of fluid mechanics principles to fluid flows throughout the body are included in each chapter. All engineering concepts and equations are developed within a biological context, together with computational simulation examples as well. Content covered includes; engineering models of human blood, blood rheology in the circulation system and problems in human organs and their side effects on biomechanics of the cardiovascular system. The information contained in this book on biofluid principles is core to bioengineering and medical sciences. Comprehensive coverage of the entire biofluid mechanics subject provides you with an all in one reference, eliminating the need to collate information from different sources Each chapter covers principles, needs, problems, and solutions in order to help you identify potential problems and employ solutions Provides a novel breakdown of fluid flow by organ system, and a quick and focused reference for clinicians

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes Book
Author : Sid Becker,Andrey Kuznetsov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-12-31
ISBN : 0124079008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes covers emerging areas in fluid flow and heat transfer relevant to biosystems and medical technology. This book uses an interdisciplinary approach to provide a comprehensive prospective on biofluid mechanics and heat transfer advances and includes reviews of the most recent methods in modeling of flows in biological media, such as CFD. Written by internationally recognized researchers in the field, each chapter provides a strong introductory section that is useful to both readers currently in the field and readers interested in learning more about these areas. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes is an indispensable reference for professors, graduate students, professionals, and clinical researchers in the fields of biology, biomedical engineering, chemistry and medicine working on applications of fluid flow, heat transfer, and transport phenomena in biomedical technology. Provides a wide range of biological and clinical applications of fluid flow and heat transfer in biomedical technology Covers topics such as electrokinetic transport, electroporation of cells and tissue dialysis, inert solute transport (insulin), thermal ablation of cancerous tissue, respiratory therapies, and associated medical technologies Reviews the most recent advances in modeling techniques

6th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering

6th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering Book
Author : Igor Lacković,Darko Vasic
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-02
ISBN : 3319111280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents the Proceedings of the 6th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering (MBEC2014), held in Dubrovnik September 7 – 11, 2014. The general theme of MBEC 2014 is "Towards new horizons in biomedical engineering" The scientific discussions in these conference proceedings include the following themes: - Biomedical Signal Processing - Biomedical Imaging and Image Processing - Biosensors and Bioinstrumentation - Bio-Micro/Nano Technologies - Biomaterials - Biomechanics, Robotics and Minimally Invasive Surgery - Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Endocrine Systems Engineering - Neural and Rehabilitation Engineering - Molecular, Cellular and Tissue Engineering - Bioinformatics and Computational Biology - Clinical Engineering and Health Technology Assessment - Health Informatics, E-Health and Telemedicine - Biomedical Engineering Education

Fields Forces and Flows in Biological Systems

Fields  Forces  and Flows in Biological Systems Book
Author : Alan J Grodzinsky
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2011-03-08
ISBN : 1136665560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fields, Forces, and Flows in Biological Systems describes the fundamental driving forces for mass transport, electric current, and fluid flow as they apply to the biology and biophysics of molecules, cells, tissues, and organs. Basic mathematical and engineering tools are presented in the context of biology and physiology.The chapters are structure

Enzyme Activity and Transport in Biological Media

Enzyme Activity and Transport in Biological Media Book
Author : Jonas Troll
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Enzyme Activity and Transport in Biological Media book written by Jonas Troll, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Porous Media

Porous Media Book
Author : Kambiz Vafai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-08-24
ISBN : 9781420065428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presenting state-of-the-art research advancements, Porous Media: Applications in Biological Systems and Biotechnology explores innovative approaches to effectively apply existing porous media technologies to biomedical applications. In each peer-reviewed chapter, world-class scientists and engineers collaborate to address significant problems and discuss exciting research in biological systems. The book begins with discussions on bioheat transfer equations for blood flows and surrounding biological tissue, the concept of electroporation, hydrodynamic modeling of tissue-engineered material, and the resistance of microbial biofilms to common modalities of antibiotic treatments. It examines how biofilms influence porous media hydrodynamics, describes the modeling of flow changes in cerebral aneurysms, and highlights recent advances in Lagrangian particles methods. The text also covers passive mass transport processes in cellular membranes and their biophysical implications, the modeling and treatment of mass transport through skin, the use of porous media in marine microbiology, the transport of large biological molecules in deforming tissues, and applications of magnetic stabilized beds for protein purification and adsorption, antibody removal, and more. The final chapters present potential in situ characterization techniques for studying porous media and conductive membranes and explain the development of bioconvection patterns generated by populations of gravitactic microorganisms in porous media. Using a common nomenclature throughout and with contributions from top experts, this cohesive book illustrates the role of porous media in addressing some of the most challenging issues in biomedical engineering and biotechnology. The book contains sophisticated porous media models that can be used to improve the accuracy of modeling a variety of biological processes.

Biological Monitoring

Biological Monitoring Book
Author : Shane S. Que Hee
Publisher : Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biological Monitoring book written by Shane S. Que Hee, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Laser Interaction with Heterogeneous Biological Tissue

Laser Interaction with Heterogeneous Biological Tissue Book
Author : Kirill Kulikov,Tatiana Koshlan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-27
ISBN : 3319941143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to the principles of laser interaction with biological cells and tissues with varying degrees of organization. In addition to considering the problems of biomedical cell diagnostics, and modeling the scattering of laser irradiation of blood cells for biological structures (dermis, epidermis, vascular plexus), it presents an analytic theory based on solving the wave equation for the electromagnetic field. It discusses a range of mathematical modeling topics, including optical characterization of biological tissue with large-scale and small-scale inhomogeneities in the layers; heating blood vessels using laser irradiation on the outer surface of the skin; and thermo-chemical denaturation of biological structures based on the example of human skin. In this second edition, a new electrodynamic model of the interaction of laser radiation with blood cells is presented for the structure of cells and the in vitro prediction of optical properties. The approach developed makes it possible to determine changes in cell size as well as modifications in their internal structures, such as transformation and polymorphism nucleus scattering, which is of interest for cytological studies. The new model is subsequently used to calculate the size distribution function of irregular-shape particles with a variety of forms and structures, which allows a cytological analysis of the observed deviations from normal cells.

Transport Phenomena of Foods and Biological Materials

Transport Phenomena of Foods and Biological Materials Book
Author : Vassilis Gekas
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-10-02
ISBN : 1351406973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport Phenomena of Foods and Biological Materials provides comprehensive coverage of transport phenomena modeling in foods and other biological materials. The book is unique in its consideration of models ranging from rigorous mathematical to empirical approaches, including phenomenological and semi-empirical models. It examines cell structure and descriptions of other non-traditional models, such as those based on irreversible thermodynamics or those focused on the use of the chemical and electrochemical potential as the driving forces of transport. Other topics discussed include the source term (important for the coupling transport phenomena-reaction or other intentional/unintentional phenomena) and the connections between transport phenomena modeling and design aspects. Some 100 tables provide useful summaries of the characteristics of each model and provide data about the transport properties of an extensive variety of foods. Transport Phenomena of Foods and Biological Materials will benefit a broad audience of chemists, biochemists, biotechnologists, and other scientists in the academic and industrial realm of foods and biological materials.

Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media

Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media Book
Author : Akira Ishimaru
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media, Volume 2, presents the fundamental formulations of wave propagation and scattering in random media in a unified and systematic manner. The topics covered in this book may be grouped into three categories: waves in random scatterers, waves in random continua, and rough surface scattering. Random scatterers are random distributions of many particles. Examples are rain, fog, smog, hail, ocean particles, red blood cells, polymers, and other particles in a state of Brownian motion. Random continua are the media whose characteristics vary randomly an ...

Chemical and Biological Processes in Fluid Flows

Chemical and Biological Processes in Fluid Flows Book
Author : Zoltán Neufeld,Emilio Hernández-García
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2009-09-29
ISBN : 1908979488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many chemical and biological processes take place in fluid environments in constant motion — chemical reactions in the atmosphere, biological population dynamics in the ocean, chemical reactors, combustion, and microfluidic devices. Applications of concepts from the field of nonlinear dynamical systems have led to significant progress over the last decade in the theoretical understanding of complex phenomena observed in such systems. This book introduces the theoretical approaches for describing mixing and transport in fluid flows. It reviews the basic concepts of dynamical phenomena arising from the nonlinear interactions in chemical and biological systems. The coverage includes a comprehensive overview of recent results on the effect of mixing on spatial structure and the dynamics of chemically and biologically active components in fluid flows, in particular oceanic plankton dynamics. Contents:Fluid FlowsMixing and Dispersion in Fluid FlowsChemical and Ecological ModelsReaction-Diffusion DynamicsFast Binary Reactions and the Lamellar ApproachDecay-Type and Stable Reaction Dynamics in FlowsMixing in Autocatalytic-Type ProcessesMixing in Oscillatory MediaFurther Reading Readership: Physicists, applied mathematicians, chemical engineers and marine ecologists. Keywords:Mixing;Fluid Flows;Reactive Flows;Chaotic Advection;Reaction-Diffusion Systems;Plankton Population Dynamics;Nonlinear Dynamical Systems;Reaction KineticsKey Features:Covers the latest developments in the field of chemical and biological activity in fluid flows with emphasis on the dynamical systems representationConcisely introduces the basic concepts of fluid dynamics, turbulence and nonlinear dynamicsGives a cross-disciplinary view of the subject with applications in various fields including geophysical flows, marine ecology, nonlinear chemistry and combustion

Biological Monitoring of Toxic Metals

Biological Monitoring of Toxic Metals Book
Author : Thomas W. Clarkson,Lars Friberg,Gunnar F. Nordberg,Polly R. Sager
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461309611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This document is the result of a conference on "Biological Monitoring of Metals" held in Rochester, June 2-6, 1986, organized jointly by the Environmental Health Sciences Center of the School of Medicine and Dentistry of the University of Rochester, NY, and the Scientific Committee on the Toxicology of Metals within the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) at the Karolinska Institute and the National (Swedish) Institute of Environmental Medicine and the University of Umea, Sweden. The aim of the Conference was to define and evaluate the scientific basis for the biological monitoring of metals. The conference was co-sponsored by the World Health Organization through its International Program on Chemical Safety and received substantial encouragement and support from the Swedish Work Environmental Fund and the United States Environmental Protection Agency. This was the second conference organized jointly by the Scientific Committee on the Toxicology of Metals and The Toxicology Division of the University of Rochester. The previous joint conference was held in 1982 on the Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity of Metals. In addition, conferences have been organized by each group (see Appendices A and B). Several of these conferences are specially relevant to the topic of the current conference. These include the joint conference mentioned above and the conferences on dose-effect and dose-response relationship held in Tokyo in 1974 and on accumulation of metals held in Buenos Aires in 1972.

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment Book
Author : Harold F. Hemond,Elizabeth J. Fechner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-13
ISBN : 0123982669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third edition of Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—explains the fundamental principles of mass transport, chemical partitioning, and chemical/biological transformations in surface waters, in soil and groundwater, and in air. Each of these three major environmental media is introduced by descriptive overviews, followed by a presentation of the controlling physical, chemical, and biological processes. The text emphasizes intuitively based mathematical models for chemical transport and transformations in the environment, and serves both as a textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in environmental science and engineering, and as a standard reference for environmental practitioners. Winner of a 2015 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Includes many worked examples as well as extensive exercises at the end of each chapter Illustrates the interconnections and similarities among environmental media through its coverage of surface waters, the subsurface, and the atmosphere Written and organized concisely to map to a single-semester course Discusses and builds upon fundamental concepts, ensuring that the material is accessible to readers who do not have an extensive background in environmental science