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Transport And Surface Phenomena

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Transport and Surface Phenomena

Transport and Surface Phenomena Book
Author : Kamil Wichterle,Marek Vecer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-08
ISBN : 0128189940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport and Surface Phenomena provides an overview of the key transfers taking place in reactions and explores how calculations of momentum, energy and mass transfers can help researchers develop the most appropriate, cost effective solutions to chemical problems. Beginning with a thorough overview of the nature of transport phenomena, the book goes on to explore balances in transport phenomena, including key equations for assessing balances, before concluding by outlining mathematical methods for solving the transfer equations. Drawing on the experience of its expert authors, it is an accessible introduction to the field for students, researchers and professionals working in chemical engineering. The book and is also ideal for those in related fields such as physical chemistry, energy engineering, and materials science, for whom a deeper understanding of these interactions could enhance their work. Presents fundamental background knowledge and experimental methods in a clear and accessible style Cements information through problems for the reader to solve, making the book ideal for learning, teaching and refreshing subject knowledge Outlines mathematical approaches for solving energy transfers to show applications of the key equations in practice

Transport and Surface Phenomena

Transport and Surface Phenomena Book
Author : Kamil Wichterle,Marek Vecer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-22
ISBN : 0128189959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport and Surface Phenomena provides an overview of the key transfers taking place in reactions and explores how calculations of momentum, energy and mass transfers can help researchers develop the most appropriate, cost effective solutions to chemical problems. Beginning with a thorough overview of the nature of transport phenomena, the book goes on to explore balances in transport phenomena, including key equations for assessing balances, before concluding by outlining mathematical methods for solving the transfer equations. Drawing on the experience of its expert authors, it is an accessible introduction to the field for students, researchers and professionals working in chemical engineering. The book and is also ideal for those in related fields such as physical chemistry, energy engineering, and materials science, for whom a deeper understanding of these interactions could enhance their work. Presents fundamental background knowledge and experimental methods in a clear and accessible style Cements information through problems for the reader to solve, making the book ideal for learning, teaching and refreshing subject knowledge Outlines mathematical approaches for solving energy transfers to show applications of the key equations in practice

Interfacial Transport Phenomena

Interfacial Transport Phenomena Book
Author : John C. Slattery,Leonard Sagis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 1475720904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport phenomena is used here to descril>e momentum, energy, mass, and entropy transfer (Bird et al. 1960, 1980). It includes thermodynamies, a special case of which is thermostatics. Interfacial transport phenomena refers to momentum, energy , mass, and entropy transfer within the immediate neighborhood of a phase interface, including the thermodynamies of the interface. In terms of qualitative physical observations, this is a very old field. Pliny the EIder (Gaius Plinius Secundus, 23-79 A.D.; Pliny 1938) described divers who released small quantities of oil from their mouths, in order to damp capillary ripples on the ocean surface and in this way provide more uniform lighting for their work. Similar stories were retold by Benjamin Franklin, who conducted experiments of his own in England (V an Doren 1938). In terms of analysis, this is a generally young field. Surface thermostatics developed relatively early, starting with Gibbs (1948) and continuing with important contributions by many others (see Chapter 5).

Transport Phenomena in Dispersed Media

Transport Phenomena in Dispersed Media Book
Author : G. I. Kelbaliyev,D. B. Tagiyev,S.R. Rasulov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-09-26
ISBN : 0429535910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport Phenomena in Dispersed Media addresses the main problems associated with the transfer of heat, mass and momentum. The authors focus on the analytical solutions of the mass and heat transfer equations; the theoretical problems of coalescence, coagulation, aggregation and fragmentation of dispersed particles; the rheology of structured aggregate and kinetically stable disperse systems; the precipitation of particles in a turbulent flow; the evolution of the distribution function; the stochastic counterpart of the mass transfer equations; the dissipation of energy in disperse systems; and many other problems that distinguish this book from existing publications. Key Selling Features Covers all technological processes taking place in the oil and gas complex, as well as in the petrochemical industry Presents new original solutions for calculating design as well as for the development and implementation of processes of chemical technology Organized to first provide an extensive review of each chapter topic, solve specific problems, and then review the solutions with the reader Contains complex mathematical expressions for practical calculations Compares results obtained on the basis of mathematical models with experimental data

Advanced Transport Phenomena

Advanced Transport Phenomena Book
Author : L. Gary Leal
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-06-18
ISBN : 9781139462068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Transport Phenomena is ideal as a graduate textbook. It contains a detailed discussion of modern analytic methods for the solution of fluid mechanics and heat and mass transfer problems, focusing on approximations based on scaling and asymptotic methods, beginning with the derivation of basic equations and boundary conditions and concluding with linear stability theory. Also covered are unidirectional flows, lubrication and thin-film theory, creeping flows, boundary layer theory, and convective heat and mass transport at high and low Reynolds numbers. The emphasis is on basic physics, scaling and nondimensionalization, and approximations that can be used to obtain solutions that are due either to geometric simplifications, or large or small values of dimensionless parameters. The author emphasizes setting up problems and extracting as much information as possible short of obtaining detailed solutions of differential equations. The book also focuses on the solutions of representative problems. This reflects the book's goal of teaching readers to think about the solution of transport problems.

Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing

Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing Book
Author : W.-J. Yang,S. Mochizuki,N. Nishiwaki
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-01-21
ISBN : 1483291324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Motivated by international competition and an easy access to high-speed computers the manufacturing and materials processing industry has seen many changes in recent times. New techniques are constantly being devloped based on a broad range of basic sciences including physics, chemistry and particularly thermal-fluids sciences and kinetics. In order to produce and treat massive products, the industry is also in need of a very wide range of engineering knowledge and skill for integrating metallurgy, mechanics, electricity, transport phenomena, instrumentation and computer control. This monograph covers a part of these demands, namely by presenting the available knowledge on transport phenomena in manufacturing and materials processing. It is divided into four parts. Part I deals with the fundamentals of transport phenomena, including the transfer of momentum, energy, mass, electric and magnetic properties. Parts II and III are concerned with applications of the fundamentals in transport phenomena occurring in manufacturing and materials processing, respectively. Emphasis has been placed on common aspects of both discciplines, such as forming, machining, welding, casting, injection molding, surface processes, heating and cooling, solidification, crystal growth and diffusion. Part IV deals with beam technology and microgravity, two topics of current importance.

Transport Phenomena in Porous Media III

Transport Phenomena in Porous Media III Book
Author : Derek B Ingham,Ioan Pop
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-07-29
ISBN : 9780080543185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluid and flow problems in porous media have attracted the attention of industrialists, engineers and scientists from varying disciplines, such as chemical, environmental, and mechanical engineering, geothermal physics and food science. There has been a increasing interest in heat and fluid flows through porous media, making this book a timely and appropriate resource. Each chapter is systematically detailed to be easily grasped by a research worker with basic knowledge of fluid mechanics, heat transfer and computational and experimental methods. At the same time, the readers will be informed of the most recent research literature in the field, giving it dual usage as both a post-grad text book and professional reference. Written by the recent directors of the NATO Advanced Study Institute session on 'Emerging Technologies and Techniques in Porous Media' (June 2003), this book is a timely and essential reference for scientists and engineers within a variety of fields.

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals Book
Author : Joel L. Plawsky
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-27
ISBN : 1351624865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fourth edition of Transport Phenomena Fundamentals continues with its streamlined approach to the subject, based on a unified treatment of heat, mass, and momentum transport using a balance equation approach. The new edition includes more worked examples within each chapter and adds confidence-building problems at the end of each chapter. Some numerical solutions are included in an appendix for students to check their comprehension of key concepts. Additional resources online include exercises that can be practiced using a wide range of software programs available for simulating engineering problems, such as, COMSOL®, Maple®, Fluent, Aspen, Mathematica, Python and MATLAB®, lecture notes, and past exams. This edition incorporates a wider range of problems to expand the utility of the text beyond chemical engineering. The text is divided into two parts, which can be used for teaching a two-term course. Part I covers the balance equation in the context of diffusive transport—momentum, energy, mass, and charge. Each chapter adds a term to the balance equation, highlighting that term's effects on the physical behavior of the system and the underlying mathematical description. Chapters familiarize students with modeling and developing mathematical expressions based on the analysis of a control volume, the derivation of the governing differential equations, and the solution to those equations with appropriate boundary conditions. Part II builds on the diffusive transport balance equation by introducing convective transport terms, focusing on partial, rather than ordinary, differential equations. The text describes paring down the full, microscopic equations governing the phenomena to simplify the models and develop engineering solutions, and it introduces macroscopic versions of the balance equations for use where the microscopic approach is either too difficult to solve or would yield much more information that is actually required. The text discusses the momentum, Bernoulli, energy, and species continuity equations, including a brief description of how these equations are applied to heat exchangers, continuous contactors, and chemical reactors. The book introduces the three fundamental transport coefficients: the friction factor, the heat transfer coefficient, and the mass transfer coefficient in the context of boundary layer theory. Laminar flow situations are treated first followed by a discussion of turbulence. The final chapter covers the basics of radiative heat transfer, including concepts such as blackbodies, graybodies, radiation shields, and enclosures.

Transport Phenomena in Complex Fluids

Transport Phenomena in Complex Fluids Book
Author : Teodor Burghelea,Volfango Bertola
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-12-10
ISBN : 3030355586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a thorough overview of transport phenomena in complex fluids, based on the latest research results and the newest methods for their analytical prediction and numerical simulation. The respective chapters cover several topics, including: a description of the structural features of the most common complex fluids (polymer and surfactant solutions, colloidal suspensions); an introduction to the most common non-Newtonian constitutive models and their relationship with the fluid microstructure; a detailed overview of the experimental methods used to characterise the thermophysical properties, bulk rheology, and surface properties of complex fluids; a comprehensive introduction to heat, mass, and momentum transport, and to hydrodynamic instabilities in complex fluids; and an introduction to state-of-the-art numerical methods used to simulate complex fluid flows, with a focus on the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and the Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) techniques. Subsequent chapters provide in-depth descriptions of phenomena such as thermal convection, elastic turbulence, mixing of complex fluids, thermophoresis, sedimentation, and non-Newtonian drops and sprays. The book addresses research scientists and professionals, engineers, R&D managers and graduate students in the fields of engineering, chemistry, biology, medicine, and the applied and fundamental sciences.

Surface Phenomena in Metallurgical Processes

Surface Phenomena in Metallurgical Processes Book
Author : A. I. Belyaev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1475700768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface phenomena in the field of high-temperature processes are attracting ever increasing attention on the part of scientific workers and engineers. In this field, many questions of applied science cannot properly be solved without taking into account the characteristics caused by surface phenomena at the various interfaces. The importance of surface phenomena in the pyrometallurgy of nonferrous and ferrous metals was convincingly demonstrated at a scientific conference on this problem held in Moscow towards the end of 1961. The English translation of the transactions of this conference, "Surface Phenomena in Metallurgical Processes, .. and its publication in the USA will ena ble American scientists and engineers working in the field of surface phenomena and metallurgy to acquaint themselves with the work of Russian investigators in this inter esting field of physical chemistry and the theory of metallurgical processes. In the Soviet Union, important groups of scientists in Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Sverdlovsk. and other cities are engaged in the study of surface phenomena as applied to the different branches of metallurgy. We trust that the publication of the American edition of the book "Surface Phenomena in Metallurgical Processes" will help to strengthen the scientific bonds between Soviet and American scientists.

Transport Phenomena in Porous Media II

Transport Phenomena in Porous Media II Book
Author : I. Pop,Derek B Ingham
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-06-20
ISBN : 9780080543178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport phenomena in porous media continues to be a field which attracts intensive research activity. This is primarily due to the fact that it plays an important and practical role in a large variety of diverse scientific applications. Transport Phenomena in Porous Media II covers a wide range of the engineering and technological applications, including both stable and unstable flows, heat and mass transfer, porosity, and turbulence. Transport Phenomena in Porous Media II is the second volume in a series emphasising the fundamentals and applications of research in porous media. It contains 16 interrelated chapters of controversial, and in some cases conflicting, research, over a wide range of topics. The first volume of this series, published in 1998, met with a very favourable reception. Transport Phenomena in Porous Media II maintains the original concept including a wide and diverse range of topics, whilst providing an up-to-date summary of recent research in the field by its leading practitioners.

Transport Phenomena in Heat and Mass Transfer

Transport Phenomena in Heat and Mass Transfer Book
Author : J.A. Reizes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444599797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Theoretical, numerical and experimental studies of transport phenomena in heat and mass transfer are reported in depth in this volume. Papers are presented which review and discuss the most recent developments in areas such as: Mass transfer; Cooling of electronic components; Phase change processes; Instrumentation techniques; Numerical methods; Heat transfer in rotating machinery; Hypersonic flows; and Industrial applications. Bringing together the experience of specialists in these fields, the volume will be of interest to researchers and practising engineers who wish to enhance their knowledge in these rapidly developing areas.

Transport Phenomena

Transport Phenomena Book
Author : Robert S. Brodkey,Harry C. Hershey
Publisher : Brodkey Publishing
Release : 2003-02
ISBN : 9780972663588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part II covers applications in greater detail. The three transport phenomena--heat, mass, and momentum transfer--are treated in depth through simultaneous (or parallel) developments.

Porous Media Transport Phenomena

Porous Media Transport Phenomena Book
Author : Faruk Civan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 9781118086803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book that makes transport in porous media accessible tostudents and researchers alike Porous Media Transport Phenomena covers the general theoriesbehind flow and transport in porous media—a solid permeated bya network of pores filled with fluid—which encompasses rocks,biological tissues, ceramics, and much more. Designed for use ingraduate courses in various disciplines involving fluids in porousmaterials, and as a reference for practitioners in the field, thetext includes exercises and practical applications while avoidingthe complex math found in other books, allowing the reader to focuson the central elements of the topic. Covering general porous media applications, including theeffects of temperature and particle migration, and placing anemphasis on energy resource development, the book provides anoverview of mass, momentum, and energy conservation equations, andtheir applications in engineered and natural porous media forgeneral applications. Offering a multidisciplinary approach totransport in porous media, material is presented in a uniformformat with consistent SI units. An indispensable resource on an extremely wide and varied topicdrawn from numerous engineering fields, Porous Media TransportPhenomena includes a solutions manual for all exercises found inthe book, additional questions for study purposes, and PowerPointslides that follow the order of the text.

Electrokinetic and Colloid Transport Phenomena

Electrokinetic and Colloid Transport Phenomena Book
Author : Jacob H. Masliyah,Subir Bhattacharjee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-05-26
ISBN : 0471799734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A new, definitive perspective of electrokinetic and colloidtransport processes Responding to renewed interest in the subject of electrokinetics,Electrokinetic and Colloid Transport Phenomena is a timely overviewof the latest research and applications in this field for both thebeginner and the professional. An outgrowth of an earlier text (bycoauthor Jacob Masliyah), this self-contained reference provides anup-to-date summary of the literature on electrokinetic and colloidtransport phenomena as well as direct pedagogical insight into thedevelopment of the subject over the past several decades. A distinct departure from standard colloid science monographs,Electrokinetic and Colloid Transport Phenomena presents the mostsalient features of the theory in a simple and direct manner,allowing the book to serve as a stepping-stone for further learningand study. In addition, the book uniquely discusses numericalsimulation of electrokinetic problems and demonstrates the use ofcommercial finite element software for solving these multiphysicsproblems. Among the topics covered are: * Mathematical preliminaries * Colloidal systems * Electrostatics and application of electrostatics * Electric double layer * Electroosmosis and streaming potential * Electrophoresis and sedimentation potential * London-Van der Waals forces and the DLVO theory * Coagulation and colloid deposition * Numerical simulation of electrokinetic phenomena * Applications of electrokinetic phenomena Because this thorough reference does not require advancedmathematical knowledge, it enables a graduate or a seniorundergraduate student approaching the subject for the first time toeasily interpret the theories. On the other hand, the applicationof relevant mathematical principles and the worked examples areextremely useful to established researchers and professionalsinvolved in a wide range of areas, including electroosmosis,streaming potential, electrophoretic separations, industrialpractices involving colloids and complex fluids, environmentalremediation, suspensions, and microfluidic systems.

Advanced Transport Phenomena

Advanced Transport Phenomena Book
Author : John C. Slattery
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1999-07-13
ISBN : 1316583902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The term 'transport phenomena' describes the fundamental processes of momentum, energy, and mass transfer. This text provides a thorough discussion of transport phenomena, laying the foundation for understanding a wide variety of operations used by chemical engineers. The book is arranged in three parallel parts covering the major topics of momentum, energy, and mass transfer. Each part begins with the theory, followed by illustrations of the way the theory can be used to obtain fairly complete solutions, and concludes with the four most common types of averaging used to obtain approximate solutions. A broad range of technologically important examples, as well as numerous exercises, are provided throughout the text. Based on the author's extensive teaching experience, a suggested lecture outline is also included. This book is intended for first-year graduate engineering students; it will be an equally useful reference for researchers in this field.

The Newman Lectures on Transport Phenomena

The Newman Lectures on Transport Phenomena Book
Author : John Newman,Vincent Battaglia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-01
ISBN : 1351609629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prof. Newman is considered one of the great chemical engineers of his time. His reputation derives from his mastery of all phases of the subject matter, his clarity of thought, and his ability to reduce complex problems to their essential core elements. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, Washington, DC, USA, and has won numerous national awards including every award offered by the Electrochemical Society, USA. His motto, as known by his colleagues, is "do it right the first time." He has been teaching undergraduate and graduate core subject courses at the University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), USA, since joining the faculty in 1966. His method is to write out, in long form, everything he expects to convey to his class on a subject on any given day. He has maintained and updated his lecture notes from notepad to computer throughout his career. This book is an exact reproduction of those notes. This book demonstrates how to solve the classic problems of fluid mechanics, starting with the Navier–Stokes equation. It explains when it is appropriate to simplify a problem by neglecting certain terms through proper dimensional analysis. It covers concepts such as microscopic interpretation of fluxes, multicomponent diffusion, entropy production, nonnewtonian fluids, natural convection, turbulent flow, and hydrodynamic stability. It amply arms any serious problem solver with the tools to address any problem.

Transport Phenomena in Microfluidic Systems

Transport Phenomena in Microfluidic Systems Book
Author : Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-15
ISBN : 1118298411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fully comprehensive introduction to the rapidly emerging area of micro systems technology Transport Phenomena in Micro Systems explores the fundamentals of the new technologies related to Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS). It deals with the behavior, precise control and manipulation of fluids that are geometrically constrained to a small, typically sub-millimeter, scale, such as nl, pl, fl, small size, low energy consumption, effects of the micro domain and heat transfer in the related devices. The author describes in detail and with extensive illustration micro fabrication, channel flow, transport laws, magnetophoresis, micro scale convection and micro sensors and activators, among others. This book spans multidisciplinary fields such as material science and mechanical engineering, engineering, physics, chemistry, microtechnology and biotechnology. Brings together in one collection recent and emerging developments in this fast-growing area of micro systems Covers multidisciplinary fields such as materials science, mechanical engineering, microtechnology and biotechnology, et al Comprehensive coverage of analytical models in microfluidics and MEMS technology Introduces micro fluidics applications include the development of inkjet printheads, micro-propulsion, and micro thermal technologies Presented in a very logical format Supplies readers with problems and solutions

An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Transport Phenomena

An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Transport Phenomena Book
Author : G. Hauke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-26
ISBN : 1402085370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the foundations of fluid mechanics and transport phenomena in a concise way. It is suitable as an introduction to the subject as it contains many examples, proposed problems and a chapter for self-evaluation.