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Translational Glycobiology In Human Health And Disease

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Translational Glycobiology in Human Health and Disease

Translational Glycobiology in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Michelle Kilcoyne,Lokesh Joshi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-15
ISBN : 9780128196557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Along with nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids, carbohydrates stand as one of four main components of cellular architecture. However, glycobiology (or carbohydrate bioscience) is little understood by non-experts, partly because carbohydrates are a complex, diverse class of molecules structurally and functionally. In recent years, advances in computational analytics (glycomics) have allowed us to better interpret and realize the importance of glycobiology in human health and disease, and glycans and their associated processes have been shown to play a significant role across a variety of disease types. As the biomedical sciences continue to adopt multi-omic and precision medicine approaches, a greater understanding of glycobiology is essential for maintaining healthy physiology and advancing disease treatment. Translational Glycobiology in Human Health and Disease offers a deep examination of glycobiology for experts and non-experts alike in areas ranging from the role of glycobiology in chronic and infectious diseases to advances in technologies for higher throughput analysis and diagnosis. While keeping human health in the forefront, this book integrates a thorough discussion of glycobiology fundamentals with its growing areas of application and societal impact. With emphasis throughout on the interdisciplinary nature of glycosciences, this book also features perspectives from the health, computational (glycoanalytics), materials, biopharmaceutical, and diagnostic sciences. Disease and speciality areas addressed include gycoimmunology, neuroglycobiology, commensal glycobiology, gut health, regenerative medicine and glycobiology, glycobiology and cancer, congenital disorders of glycosylation, infectious disease glycobiology, and parasite glycobiology. Computational approaches discussed, supporting the advance of new research, include advanced glycoanalytics, glycomics microarrays, glycoengineering, and glycol systems biology. Additionally, authors consider impact areas for society and public health, such as glycobiology and entrepreneurship, policy and regulatory requirements for glycosylation, future research, and translation to new diagnostics and drug discovery. Provides a deep, foundational overview of glycoscience and its translational potential, highlighting glycobiology's growing role in human health and disease study Examines a broad range of relevant disease areas and applications of glycobiology in policy and public health Features chapter contributions from leading, international experts in the field, fully integrating perspectives from the health, computational, materials, biopharmaceutical, and diagnostic sciencess

Sialic Acids and Sialoglycoconjugates in the Biology of Life Health and Disease

Sialic Acids and Sialoglycoconjugates in the Biology of Life  Health and Disease Book
Author : Shyamasree Ghosh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 0128161272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sialic Acids and Sialoglycoconjugates in the Biology of Life, Health and Disease enables the reader to understand the role of sialylation as a post translational modification. The book provides insights on the latest knowledge in the field of sialoglycobiology. Sialic acids as terminal residues of oligosaccharide chains play crucial roles in several cellular recognition events. Synthesized post translationally, they play an important role in recognition, signaling, immunological response and cell-cell interaction. Improper sialylations have been associated with several diseases including cancer. In the post genomics and proteomics era, sialoglybiology has become more and more important in deciphering health and disease conditions. Discusses the sialic acids and their role in different diseases (other than cancer) Provides an understanding of sialylations as post translational modifications (PTM) Demonstrates the impact sialylation has on infectious diseases, the autoimmune system and health Gives insights on the importance of sialic acid biology through animal models

The Role of Glycosylation in Health and Disease

The Role of Glycosylation in Health and Disease Book
Author : Gordan Lauc,Irena Trbojević-Akmačić
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-08
ISBN : 3030701158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glycobiology is an emerging field of studying glycans (sugars) and glycoconjugates that are essentially involved in almost all biological processes, from fine-tuning glycoprotein function to protein-protein interactions, signaling, immune response, host-pathogen interactions, etc. However, due to structural complexity of glycans and analytical challenges this exciting field was lagging behind other areas of biology. With technological advancements growing number of glycans’ functions are being discovered and the study of glycans is becoming a cutting-edge discipline in basic and clinical research. Despite recent developments in glycobiology field, many aspects of glycosylation process still remain unknown, both in a healthy human organism and in pathological states. Human glycome is dynamic and changes with physiological triggers, immune challenges and disease. Atypical glycosylation is consequently a subject of disease biomarker research, and a target for therapeutic interventions. On the other hand, properties of glycosylated biotherapeutics are predominantly determined by their glycans. The Role of Glycosylation in Health and Disease provides a comprehensive overview of types and functions of glycans in a healthy human organism as well as their role in pathophysiology of different diseases and efficiency of glycosylated biotherapeutics. Written by the experts in the field, this book aims to bring glycobiology field closer to students, researchers in life sciences and professionals in biopharmaceutical industry.

Essentials of Glycobiology

Essentials of Glycobiology Book
Author : Ajit Varki,Maarten J. Chrispeels
Publisher : CSHL Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780879696818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sugar chains (glycans) are often attached to proteins and lipids and have multiple roles in the organization and function of all organisms. "Essentials of Glycobiology" describes their biogenesis and function and offers a useful gateway to the understanding of glycans.

Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science

Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-22
ISBN : 012817739X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glycans and Glycosaminoglycans as Clinical Biomarkers and Therapeutics - Part A, Volume 162 in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series provides informative monographs on a variety of research topics related to Glycans and glycosaminoglycans as clinical biomarkers and therapeutics. Topics in this update include Glycan-based Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Cancers and Other Diseases: Past, Present and Future, Desialylation in Diseases and its Application in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Development, Proteoglycans as Miscommunication Biomarkers for Cancer Diagnosis, Fucosylation in Cancer Biology and Its Clinical Applications, Retrospective Analysis of Glycan-Related Biomarkers Based on Clinical Laboratory Data in Two Medical Centers, and many related topics. Includes comprehensive coverage of molecular biology Presents ample use of tables, diagrams, schemata and color figures to enhance the reader's ability to rapidly grasp the information provided Contains contributions from renowned experts in the field

Post Translational Modifications in Health and Disease

Post Translational Modifications in Health and Disease Book
Author : Cecilio J. Vidal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-13
ISBN : 1441963820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Post-translational modifications serve many different purposes in several cellular processes such as gene expression, protein folding and transport to appropriate cell compartment, protein-lipid and protein-protein interactions, enzyme regulation, signal transduction, cell proliferation and differentiation, protein stability, recycling and degradation. Although several-hundred different modifications are known, the significance of many of them remains unknown. The enormous versatility of the modifications which frequently alter the physico-chemical properties of the respective proteins represents an extraordinary challenge in understanding their physiological role. Since essential cellular functions are regulated by protein modifications, an improvement of current understanding of their meaning might allow new avenues to prevent and/or alleviate human and animal diseases.

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-08
ISBN : 0128178205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease provides a fully up-to-date overview on genome plasticity and its role in human physiology and disease. Following an introduction to the field, a diverse range of chapters cover genomic and epigenomic analysis and the use of model organisms and genomic databases in studies. Specific molecular and biochemical mechanisms of genome plasticity are examined, including somatic variants, De Novo variants, founder variations, isolated populations dynamics, copy-number variations, mobile elements, DNA methylation, histone modifications, transcription factors, non-coding RNAs, telomere dynamics and RNA editing. Later chapters explore disease relevance for cancer, as well as cardiovascular, neuropsychiatric, inflammatory, and endocrine disease, and associated pathways for drug discovery. Examines the role of genome plasticity across a range of disease types, from cardiovascular disease, to cancer and neuropsychiatric disorders Adopts an interdisciplinary approach, with expert contributions across the spectrum of basic science and disease relevance to drug discovery

Proceedings of 3rd Glycobiology World Congress 2017

Proceedings of 3rd Glycobiology World Congress 2017 Book
Author : ConferenceSeries
Publisher : ConferenceSeries
Release : 2022-10-01
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

June 26-28, 2017 London, UK Key Topics : Glycoprotein Technologies, Glyco Bioinformatics, Glycans in Drug Design, Glyco Immunology, Glyco Biomarkers, Glycobiology and Biotechnology, Glycans in Diseases and Therapeutics, Glycobiology in Personalized Medicine, Glycans in Genetic Disorders, Glycobiology and Structural Biology, Glyco Proteomics, Glycomics and Metabolomics, Mass Spectrometry in Proteome Research, Glycobiology, Genomics and Computational Systems Biology, Glycobiochemistry,

Protein Modificomics

Protein Modificomics Book
Author : Tanveer Ali Dar,Laishram Rajendrakumar Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 9780128119136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Protein Modificomics: From Modifications to Clinical Perspectives comprehensively deals with all of the most recent aspects of post-translational modification (PTM) of proteins, including discussions on diseases involving PTMs, such as Alzheimer's, Huntington's, X-linked spinal muscular atrophy-2, aneurysmal bone cyst, angelman syndrome and OFC10. The book also discusses the role PTMs play in plant physiology and the production of medicinally important primary and secondary metabolites. The understanding of PTMs in plants helps us enhance the production of these metabolites without greatly altering the genome, providing robust eukaryotic systems for the production and isolation of desired products without considerable downstream and isolation processes. Provides thorough insights into the post translational modifications (PTMs) of proteins in both the plant and animal kingdom Presents diagrammatic representations of various protein modification and estimation mechanisms in four-color Includes coverage of diseases involving post translational modifications

Gangliosides in Health and Disease

Gangliosides in Health and Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-25
ISBN : 0128123427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gangliosides in Health and Disease, Volume 156, presents the latest information on Gangliosides, a class of glycolipids that are found on all vertebrate cell surfaces, and are particularly abundant in the brain. Individual chapters in this new volume cover Gangliosides as Toxin Receptors, Gangliosides in Cancer Cell Signaling, Gangliosides in inflammation and neurodegeneration, Gangliosides as functional galectin receptors, Gangliosides in signal transduction, Gangliosides in brain tumor immunology, and Gangliosides in axon regeneration and stability, amongst other related topics. This book brings together world experts in ganglioside structure and function who have been assembled to contribute to this thorough update of the field. Contains accessible content that is ideal for students and researchers alike Written by leading authorities in the field

Gangliosides in Health and Disease

Gangliosides in Health and Disease Book
Author : Pablo H. H. Lopez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05
ISBN : 9780128123416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gangliosides in Health and Disease, Volume 154, presents the latest information on Gangliosides, a class of glycolipids that are found on all vertebrate cell surfaces, and are particularly abundant in the brain. Individual chapters in this new volume cover Gangliosides as Toxin Receptors, Gangliosides in Cancer Cell Signaling, Gangliosides in inflammation and neurodegeneration, Gangliosides as functional galectin receptors, Gangliosides in signal transduction, Gangliosides in brain tumor immunology, and Gangliosides in axon regeneration and stability, amongst other related topics. This book brings together world experts in ganglioside structure and function who have been assembled to contribute to this thorough update of the field. Contains accessible content that is ideal for students and researchers alike Written by leading authorities in the field

Antibody Glycosylation

Antibody Glycosylation Book
Author : Marija Pezer
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-22
ISBN : 3030769127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes recent advances in antibody glycosylation research. Covering major topics relevant for immunoglobulin glycosylation - analytical methods, biosynthesis and regulation, modulation of effector functions - it provides new perspectives for research and development in the field of therapeutic antibodies, biomarkers, vaccinations, and immunotherapy. Glycans attached to both variable and constant regions of antibodies are known to affect the antibody conformation, stability, and effector functions. Although it focuses on immunoglobulin G (IgG), the most explored antibody in this context, and unravels the natural phenomena resulting from the mixture of IgG glycovariants present in the human body, the book also discusses other classes of human immunoglobulins, as well as immunoglobulins produced in other species and production systems. Further, it reviews the glycoanalytical methods applied to antibodies and addresses a range of less commonly explored topics, such as automatization and bioinformatics aspects of high-throughput antibody glycosylation analysis. Lastly, the book highlights application areas ranging from the ones already benefitting from antibody glycoengineering (such as monoclonal antibody production), to those still in the research stages (such as exploration of antibody glycosylation as a clinical or biological age biomarker), and the potential use of antibody glycosylation in the optimization of vaccine production and immunization protocols. Summarizing the current knowledge on the broad topic of antibody glycosylation and its therapeutic and biomarker potential, this book will appeal to a wide biomedical readership in academia and industry alike. Chapter 4 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Prebiotics and Probiotics

Prebiotics and Probiotics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789859212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probiotic bacteria are found in the intestinal microbiota of the host and favor multiple metabolic reactions. Prebiotics provide food for probiotic bacteria and have an effect on their own performance in favor of host health. Numerous metabolic and immunological mechanisms are involved in its effects. Probiotics have been studied for several decades and their use for human consumption is still unclear. However, new types of molecules with prebiotic functions and components of probiotic bacteria with therapeutic potential are still being studied. The versatility of these molecules makes their incorporation into human food and animal diets feasible. This book is a compendium of recent scientific information on the use of probiotics and prebiotics for the benefit of human and animal health.

Microbiota in health and disease from pregnancy to childhood

Microbiota in health and disease  from pregnancy to childhood Book
Author : Pamela D. Browne,Eric Claassen,Michael D. Cabana
Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 9086868398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a state-of-the-art overview of the vital relationship between human microbiota and infant and child health. Renowned clinical-experimental experts in this field discuss the development of microbiota during early life and review the environmental inputs that affect the developing infant’s gut microbiota, such as early diet and (postnatal) medical interventions. They further describe the interplay between gut microbiota and functional systems of the body, from the immune system to the central nervous system. The book discusses a range of infant and childhood diseases that are associated with microbial changes or dysbiosis, such as gastrointestinal disorders, allergic diseases, autoimmune disorders and respiratory disorders. Additionally mechanisms by which microbial dysbiosis may influence behaviour in infants are discussed. Other topics include the use of current tools in molecular microbiology for microbiota-related research and clinical practice. In the management of particular paediatric disorders, the potential of microbial manipulation with pre- and probiotics during infancy and childhood is increasingly being investigated. This book presents the evidence supporting their use in practice and reviews safety aspects. Microbiota in health and disease: from pregnancy to childhood has the ambition to provide the reader with an overview of the most recent and stunning advances in the field of infant and child microbiota and their role in health, disease and prevention. As such, it is an excellent resource for health care professionals, students and researchers in the field of life sciences.

Lung Inflammation in Health and Disease Volume I

Lung Inflammation in Health and Disease  Volume I Book
Author : Yong-Xiao Wang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-31
ISBN : 3030630463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Respiratory diseases are leading causes of death and disability globally, with about 65 million people suffering from COPD, and 334 million from asthma, the most common chronic disease. Each year, tens of millions of people develop and can die from from respiratory infections such as pneumonia and TB. Systemic inflammation may induce and exacerbate local inflammatory diseases in the lungs, and local inflammation can in turn cause systemic inflammation. There is increasing evidence of the coexistence of systemic and local inflammation in patients suffering from asthma, COPD, and other lung diseases, and the co-morbidity of two or more local inflammatory diseases often occurs. For example, rheumatoid arthritis frequently occurs together with, and promotes the development of, pulmonary hypertension. This co-morbidity significantly impacts quality of life, and can result in death for those affected. Current treatment options for lung disease are neither effective, nor condition-specific; there is a desperate need for novel therapeutics in the field. Additionally, the molecular and physiological significance of most major lung diseases is not well understood, which further impedes development of new treatments, especially in the case of coexistent lung diseases with other inflammatory diseases. Great progress has been made in recent years in many areas of the field, particularly in understanding the molecular geneses, regulatory mechanisms, signalling pathways, and cellular processes within lung disease, as well as basic and clinical technology, drug discovery, diagnoses, treatment options, and predictive prognoses. This is the first text to aggregate these developments. In two comprehensive volumes, experts from all over the world present state-of-the-art advances in the study of lung inflammation in health and disease. Contributing authors cover well-known as well as emerging topics in basic, translational, and clinical research, with the aim of providing researchers, clinicians, professionals, and students with new perspectives and concepts. The editors hope these books will also help to direct future research in lung disease and other inflammatory diseases, and result in the development of novel therapeutics.

Glycosaminoglycans in Development Health and Disease

Glycosaminoglycans in Development  Health and Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-10-28
ISBN : 9780123812834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are a family of linear polysaccharides that are found in all animal tissues. Several are used as biomaterials, including heparin, heparin sulfate, keratan sulfate, dermatan sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate. This volume discusses the role of GAGs in development, health and disease. This series provides a forum for discussion of new discoveries, approaches, and ideas Contributions from leading scholars and industry experts Reference guide for researchers involved in molecular biology and related fields

Seaweed in Health and Disease Prevention

Seaweed in Health and Disease Prevention Book
Author : Joël Fleurence,Ira Levine
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-05
ISBN : 0128027932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seaweed in Health and Disease Prevention presents the potential usage of seaweed, macroalgae, and their extracts for enhancing health and disease. The book explores the possibilities in a comprehensive way, including outlining how seaweed can be used as a source of macronutrients and micronutrients, as well as nutraceuticals. The commercial value of seaweed for human consumption is increasing year-over-year, and some countries harvest several million tons annually. This text lays out the properties and effects of seaweeds and their use in the food industry, offering a holistic view of the ability of seaweed to impact or effect angiogenesis, tumors, diabetes and glucose control, oxidative stress, fungal infections, inflammation and infection, the gut, and the liver. Combines foundational information and nutritional context, offering a holistic approach to the relationship between sea vegetables, diet, nutrition, and health Provides comprehensive coverage of health benefits, including sea vegetables as sources of nutraceuticals and their specific applications in disease prevention, such as angiogenesis, diabetes, fungal infections, and others Includes Dictionary of Terms, Key Facts, and Summary points in each chapter to enhance comprehension Includes information on toxic varieties and safe consumption guidelines to supplement basic coverage of health benefits

Myofilament Function in Health and Disease

Myofilament Function in Health and Disease Book
Author : Julien Ochala
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-05-22
ISBN : 2889451860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present E-book, consisting of a compilation of original articles and reviews, presents how myofilaments are regulated in cardiac and skeletal muscles and trigger contraction. Additionally, this E-book gives insights into their dysregulation in a number of muscle disorders.

Chemical Glycobiology

Chemical Glycobiology Book
Author : Randall Halcomb,American Chemical Society. Meeting,American Chemical Society. Division of Carbohydrate Chemistry,Peng George Wang
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although the process of understanding the biological functions of carbohydrates has developed slowly due to the lack of efficient approaches in obtaining and studying these structures, in the past two decades, remarkable advances have been made in chemical and chemoenzymatic synthesis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. The material presented in this volume shows how a better understanding of the structure and the function of carbohydrate-containing bacterial cell wall has revealed that carbohydrate-containing molecules and carbohydrate-like structures are useful as carbohydrate-based anti-microbial vaccines, anti-viral drugs, anti-coagulants, anti-cancer drugs, and potential anti-cancer vaccines. In addition, the text explores the important roles that novel glycolipids have been found to play in the immune system. Metabolic engineering has demonstrated itself as an efficient approach to probe and manipulate biological functions of carbohydrates both in vitro and in vivo. Automated glycan analysis, carbohydrate microarrays, and novel high-throughput screening methods have hastened the analysis and the understanding of carbohydrate-containing structures. Polypeptide-based glycopolymers have been developed for the study of multivalent binding events of carbohydrates and proteins. This text presents examples of these recent developments in using chemical techniques and tools to study glycobiology. This is an excellent reference book for upper-division undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers who are interested in carbohydrate-related medicinal chemistry, organic chemistry, biology, and chemical biology.

Sialobiology Structure Biosynthesis and Function Sialic Acid Glycoconjugates in Health and Disease

Sialobiology  Structure  Biosynthesis and Function  Sialic Acid Glycoconjugates in Health and Disease Book
Author : Joe Tiralongo,Ivan Martinez-Duncker
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2013-02-13
ISBN : 1608053865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This ebook presents a summary of central aspects of sialobiology (i.e., the study of sialic acid and its relevance to biology). The importance of substitution by the sugar sialic acid and the role played by sialylated structures (eg. glycoproteins, glycolipids, glycoconjugates) in immune recognition, neural cell growth, embryogenesis and disease development including microbial pathogenesis and cancer progression, has become well-established. Since 1995, the field of sialobiology has expanded greatly as many of the key enzymes involved in sialic acid biosynthesis, as well as the vast majority of sialic acid binding lectins involved in immune recognition, have only been cloned, characterised and structural eluciated after the publication of earlier works on the subject. This e-book also covers these recent developments. Chapters in this e-book have been contributed by eminent sialobiologists. Therefore, a book of this nature is timely and will prove to be a definitive volume with a high impact in this field for glycobiologists and cell biologists.